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Phanariotes
Phanariotes, Phanariots, or Phanariote Greeks
Greeks
(Greek: Φαναριώτες, Romanian: Fanarioți, Turkish: Fenerliler) were members of prominent Greek families in Phanar[1] (Φανάρι, modern Fener),[2] the chief Greek quarter of Constantinople
Constantinople
where the Ecumenical Patriarchate is located, who traditionally occupied four important positions in the Ottoman Empire: Grand Dragoman, Grand Dragoman
Dragoman
of the Fleet, Hospodar of Moldavia, and Hospodar of Wallachia
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Ottoman Dynasty
The Ottoman dynasty
Ottoman dynasty
(Turkish: Osmanlı Hanedanı) was made up of the members of the imperial House of Osman
House of Osman
(Ottoman Turkish: خاندان آل عثمان‎ Ḫānedān-ı Āl-ı ʿOsmān). Also known as the Ottomans (Turkish: Osmanlılar). According to Ottoman tradition, the family originated from the Kayı tribe[nb 1] branch of the Oghuz Turks,[2] under Osman I
Osman I
in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the district of Bilecik
Bilecik
Söğüt. The Ottoman dynasty, named after Osman I, ruled the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
from c
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Greek Orthodox
The name Greek Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
(Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several Churches[5][6][7] within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek,[8] the original language of the New Testament,[9][10] and whose history, traditions, and theology are rooted in the early Church Fathers
Church Fathers
and the culture of the Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire
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State Organisation Of The Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
developed over the centuries a complex organization of government with the Sultan
Sultan
as the supreme ruler of a centralized government that had an effective control of its provinces, officials and inhabitants. Wealth and rank could be inherited but were just as often earned. Positions were perceived as titles such as viziers and aghas. Military service was a key to advancement in the hierarchy. The expansion of the Empire called for a systematic administrative organization that developed into a dual system of military ("Central Government") and civil administration ("Provincial System") developed a kind of separation of powers with most higher executive functions carried out by the military authorities and judicial and basic administration carried out by civil authorities. Outside this system were various types of vassal and tributary states
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Ottoman Greeks
Ottoman Greeks
Greeks
(Greek: Οθωμανοί Έλληνες, Turkish: Osmanlı Rumları) were ethnic Greeks
Greeks
who lived in the Ottoman Empire (1453–1921), the Republic of Turkey's predecessor. Ottoman Greeks, who were Greek Orthodox Christians, belonged to the Rum Millet (Millet-i Rum). They were concentrated in what is today modern Greece, eastern Thrace
Thrace
(especially in and around Constantinople), western Asia Minor (especially in and around Smyrna), central Anatolia (especially Cappadocia), northeastern Anatolia (especially in Erzurum vilayet, in and around Trebizond and in the Pontic Mountains, roughly corresponding to the medieval Greek kingdom of Pontus)
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Diplomatic Mission
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission[1] is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state. In practice, a diplomatic mission usually denotes the resident mission, namely the embassy, which is the main office of a country's diplomatic representatives in the capital city of another country, whereas consulates are smaller diplomatic missions which are normally located outside the capital of the receiving state (but can be located in the capital, usually when the sending country has no embassy in the receiving state). As well as being a diplomatic mission to the country in which it is situated, it may also be a non-resident permanent mission to one or more other countries
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Voivode
Voivode[1] (/ˈvɔɪˌvoʊd/) (Old Slavic, literally "war-leader" or "war-lord") is an Eastern European title that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force. It derives from the word vojevoda, which in early Slavic meant the bellidux, i.e. the military commander of an area, but it usually had a greater meaning. In Byzantine
Byzantine
times it referred to mainly military commanders of Slavic populations, especially in the Balkans. The title voevodas (Greek: βοεβόδας) was first used in the work of the 10th-century Byzantine
Byzantine
emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos
Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos
De Administrando Imperio to identify Hungarian military leaders.[2] In medieval Serbia
Serbia
it meant a high-ranking official and - before the Ottoman conquest in the 15th century - the commander of a military area
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Mehmet II
Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى‎, Meḥmed-i sānī; Modern Turkish: II. Mehmet Turkish pronunciation: [ˈikind͡ʒi meh.met]; 30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), commonly known as Muhammad al- Fatih
Fatih
the Conqueror (Turkish: Fatih
Fatih
Sultan
Sultan
Mehmet), was an Ottoman Sultan
Sultan
who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481. At the age of 21, he conquered Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul) and brought an end to the Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire. Mehmed continued his conquests in Anatolia
Anatolia
with its reunification and in Southeast Europe
Europe
as far west as Bosnia. Mehmed is considered a hero in modern-day Turkey
Turkey
and parts of the wider Muslim world
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Peloponnese
The Peloponnese
Peloponnese
(/ˈpɛləpəˌniːz/) or Peloponnesus (/ˌpɛləpəˈniːsəs/; Greek: Πελοπόννησος, Pelopónnēsos) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece. It is separated from the central part of the country by the Isthmus and Gulf of Corinth
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Trabzon
Trabzon
Trabzon
(Turkish pronunciation: [ˈtɾɑbzon]), historically known as Trebizond (in Ancient
Ancient
Greek: Τραπεζοῦς Trapezous) is a city on the Black Sea
Black Sea
coast of northeastern Turkey
Turkey
and the capital of Trabzon
Trabzon
Province
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Sublime Porte
The Sublime Porte, also known as the Ottoman Porte or High Porte (Ottoman Turkish: باب عالی‎ Bāb-ı Ālī or Babıali, from Arabic: باب‎, bāb "gate" and Arabic: عالي‎, alī "high"), is a synecdochic metonym for the central government of the Ottoman Empire.Contents1 History 2 Diplomacy 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] The naming has its origins in the old Oriental practice, according to which the ruler announced his official decisions and judgements at the gate of his palace.[1] This was the practice in the Byzantine Empire and it was adopted also by Ottoman Turk sultans since Orhan I, and therefore the palace of the sultan, or the gate leading to it, became known as the "High Gate". This name referred first to a palace in Bursa, Turkey
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South Slavs
Majority: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia. Minority: Albania, Greece, Republic of Kosovo
Republic of Kosovo
(disputed status), Romania, Germany, Netherlands, Turkey, Italy, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Austria, Russia, UkraineLanguagesEast South Slavic languages: Bulgarian, Macedonian West South Slavic languages: Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
(Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin, & Serbian) and SloveneReligion Orthodox Christianity
Orthodox Christianity
(Bulgarians, Serbs, Macedonians, and Montenegrins), Catholicism
Catholicism
( Slovenes
Slovenes
and Croats), Islam
Islam
(Bosniaks, Pomaks, and Torbešis)Related ethnic groupsOther Slavs, especially East SlavsThe South Slavs
Slavs
are a subgroup of Slavic peoples who speak the South Slavic languages
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Archons Of The Ecumenical Patriarchate
The Archons of the Ecumenical Patriarchate
Ecumenical Patriarchate
are honorees of the Patriarch of Constantinople, who have been selected from among the laity due to service to those portions of the Eastern Orthodox Church under his particular guidance. The Order of Saint Andrew, comprising the Archons living in America, was founded in 1966 under Patriarch Athenagoras, when Archbishop Iakovos conferred the honor upon thirty members of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. The Order's first Grand Commander was Pierre De Mets. The current Grand Commander is Anthony J. Limberakis, MD who has led the Order to secure religious freedom for the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Upon induction into the "Order of St
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Eyalet Of Bosnia
The Eyalet
Eyalet
of Bosnia[3] (Turkish: Eyalet-i Bosna,[1] Bosnian: Босански пашалук, translit. Bosanski pašaluk) or Bosnia Beylerbeylik (Turkish: Bosna Beylerbeyliği, Bosnian: Босански беглербеглук, translit. Bosanski beglerbegluk) was an eyalet (also known as a beylerbeylik) of the Ottoman Empire, mostly based on the territory of the present-day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Habsburg Monarchy
The Habsburg Monarchy
Monarchy
(German: Habsburgermonarchie) or Empire is an unofficial appellation among historians for the countries and provinces that were ruled by the junior Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg between 1521 and 1780 and then by the successor branch of Habsburg-Lorraine
Habsburg-Lorraine
until 1918. The Monarchy
Monarchy
was a composite state composed of territories within and outside the Holy Roman Empire, united only in the person of the monarch. The dynastic capital was Vienna, except from 1583 to 1611,[2] when it was moved to Prague
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