HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1500] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Phanariotes
PHANARIOTES, PHANARIOTS, or PHANARIOTE GREEKS (Greek : Φαναριώτες, Romanian : _Fanarioți_, Turkish : _Fenerliler_) were members of prominent Greek families in Phanar (Φανάρι, modern _Fener_), the chief Greek quarter of Constantinople
Constantinople
where the Ecumenical Patriarchate is located, who traditionally occupied four important positions in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
: Grand Dragoman , Grand Dragoman of the Fleet, Hospodar of Moldavia , and Hospodar of Wallachia . Despite their cosmopolitanism and often-Western education, the Phanariotes
Phanariotes
were aware of their Hellenism ; according to Nicholas Mavrocordatos ' _Philotheou Parerga_, "We are a race completely Hellenic". They emerged as a class of moneyed Greek merchants (of mostly noble Byzantine
Byzantine
descent) during the second half of the 16th century, and were influential in the administration of the Ottoman Empire's Balkan domains in the 18th century
[...More...]

"Phanariotes" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Phanarion
FENER is a quarter midway up the Golden Horn within the district of Fatih
Fatih
in Istanbul
Istanbul
, Turkey
Turkey
. The streets in the area are full of historic wooden mansions, churches , and synagogues dating from the Byzantine and Ottoman eras. The wooden mansions between the main axis and the shore were often used for importing wood from Pontus or the Black Sea area. Their picturesque facades were largely destroyed due to street widening requirements in the 1930s and later.The area\'s name is a Turkish transliteration of the original Greek φανάριον (a lighting lantern, a streetlight, a lightpost with a light lantern – from φανός: a lighting lantern; syn. πυρσός: light-torch, φάρος: beacon, lighthouse) (Classical : phanárion, modern : fanári, "lantern"). It was so called for a column topped with a lantern which stood there in the Byzantine period – used as a public light or marine and/or other purpose locator/beacon. The Fener c. 1900 After the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Fener district became home to many of the Greeks in the city
[...More...]

"Phanarion" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ottoman Greeks
OTTOMAN GREEKS (Greek : Οθωμανοί Έλληνες, Turkish : Osmanlı Rumları) were ethnic Greeks
Greeks
who lived in the Ottoman Empire (1453–1921), the Republic of Turkey 's predecessor. Ottoman Greeks, who were Greek Orthodox Christians
Christians
, belonged to the Rum Millet (Millet-i Rum). They were concentrated in what is today modern Greece, eastern Thrace
Thrace
(especially in and around Constantinople
Constantinople
), western Asia Minor
Asia Minor
(especially in and around Smyrna
Smyrna
), central Anatolia (especially Cappadocia ), northeastern Anatolia (especially in Erzurum vilayet , in and around Trebizond and in the Pontic Mountains
Pontic Mountains
, roughly corresponding to the medieval Greek kingdom of Pontus )
[...More...]

"Ottoman Greeks" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Constantinople
Κωνσταντινούπολις or Κωνσταντινούπολη (in Greek) Constantinopolis (in Latin) Map of Constantinople Shown within Turkey ALTERNATE NAME Byzantion, Miklagard/Miklagarth, Tsargrad, Basileuousa (Queen of Cities), Megalopolis (the Great City) LOCATION Istanbul , Istanbul Province , Turkey REGION Thrace COORDINATES 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.01361°N 28.95500°E / 41.01361; 28.95500 Coordinates : 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.01361°N 28.95500°E / 41.01361; 28.95500 TYPE Imperial city AREA6 km2 (2.3 sq mi) enclosed within Constantinian Walls 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi) enclosed within Theodosian Walls HISTORY BUILDER Constantine the Great FOUNDED AD 330 PERIODS Late Antiquity to Late Middle Ages CULTURES Roman , Byzantine TIMELINE OF CONSTANTINOPLECapital of the Byzantine Empire 330-1204 AD; 1261-1453 AD * 330 AD: Founding of Constantinople * ca
[...More...]

"Constantinople" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ottoman Empire
The OTTOMAN EMPIRE (/ˈɒtəmən/ ; Ottoman Turkish : دولت عليه عثمانیه‎, _Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye_; Modern Turkish : _Osmanlı İmparatorluğu_ or _Osmanlı Devleti_), also known as the TURKISH EMPIRE, or OTTOMAN TURKEY, was an empire founded at the end of the thirteenth century in northwestern Anatolia in the vicinity of Bilecik and Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman . After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe , and with the conquest of the Balkans , the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire (known to the Ottomans as the _Roman_ Empire) with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror . During the 16th and 17th centuries, at the height of its power under the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent , the Ottoman Empire was a multinational, multilingual empire controlling much of Southeast Europe , parts of Central Europe , Western Asia , the Caucasus , North Africa , and the Horn of Africa . At the beginning of the 17th century, the empire contained 32 provinces and numerous vassal states . Some of these were later absorbed into the Ottoman Empire, while others were granted various types of autonomy during the course of centuries
[...More...]

"Ottoman Empire" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bulgarian St. Stephen Church
The BULGARIAN ST STEPHEN CHURCH (Bulgarian : Църква „Свети Стефан“; Turkish : Sveti Stefan Kilisesi), also known as the BULGARIAN IRON CHURCH, is a Bulgarian Orthodox church in Fatih
Fatih
, Istanbul
Istanbul
, Turkey
Turkey
, famous for being made of prefabricated cast iron elements in the neo-Gothic style. The church belongs to the Bulgarian minority in the city. The Bulgarians of the Ottoman Empire used to pray at the churches of the Phanar Orthodox Patriarchy , but due to nationalistic movements, Bulgarians were allowed a national church in the 19th century, the Bulgarian Exarchate
Bulgarian Exarchate
. The richly ornamented church is a three-domed cross-shaped basilica . The altar faces the Golden Horn and a 40 m-high belfry, the six bells of which were cast in Yaroslavl
Yaroslavl
, rises above the narthex . Initially, a small wooden church was erected on the shore of the Golden Horn between Balat and Fener squares (near Eyüp
Eyüp
district), where the current church is located. A house was donated by the statesman Stefan Bogoridi and it was reorganized as a wooden church. It was inaugurated on 9 October 1849 and became an important site of the Bulgarian National Revival
[...More...]

"Bulgarian St. Stephen Church" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Patriarchate Of Constantinople
The ECUMENICAL PATRIARCHATE OF CONSTANTINOPLE (Greek : Οικουμενικόν Πατριαρχείον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, _Oikoumenikón Patriarkhíon Konstantinoupóleos_, IPA: ; Latin : _Patriarchatus Oecumenicus Constantinopolitanus_; Turkish : _Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi_, "Roman Orthodox Patriarchate") is one of the fourteen autocephalous churches (or "jurisdictions") that together compose the Eastern Orthodox Church . It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople , currently Bartholomew I , Archbishop of Constantinople. Because of its historical location at the capital of the former Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and its role as the Mother Church of most modern Orthodox churches, the Ecumenical Patriarchate holds a special place of honor within Orthodoxy and serves as the seat for the Ecumenical Patriarch, who enjoys the status of _ Primus inter pares _ (first among equals) among the world's Eastern Orthodox prelates and is widely regarded as the representative and spiritual leader of the world's 300 million Orthodox Christians. The Ecumenical Patriarchate promotes the expansion of the Christian faith and the Orthodox doctrine, and the Ecumenical Patriarchs are involved in ecumenism and interfaith dialogue, charitable work, and the defense of Orthodox Christian traditions
[...More...]

"Patriarchate Of Constantinople" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek
Modern Greek
: ελληνικά , _elliniká_, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα (_ listen ), ellinikí glóssa_, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet
for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B
Linear B
and the Cypriot syllabary
Cypriot syllabary
, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems. The Greek language
Greek language
holds an important place in the history of the Western world
Western world
and Christianity
Christianity
; the canon of ancient Greek literature includes seminal works in the Western canon such as the epic poems _ Iliad
Iliad
_ and _ Odyssey
Odyssey
_
[...More...]

"Greek Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Romanian Language
ROMANIAN (obsolete spellings RUMANIAN, ROUMANIAN; autonym: limba română ( listen ), "the Romanian language", or românește, lit. "in Romanian") is a Romance language
Romance language
spoken by around 24-26 million people as a native language, primarily in Romania
Romania
and Moldova
Moldova
, and by another 4 million people as a second language. It has official status in Romania
Romania
and the Republic of Moldova. It is one of the official languages of the European Union
European Union
. Romanian is a part of the Balkan-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin separated from the Western Romance during the 5th–8th centuries. To distinguish it within that group in comparative linguistics it is called Daco-Romanian as opposed to its closest relatives, Aromanian , Megleno-Romanian , and Istro-Romanian . During Soviet times —and to some extent even today—Romanian was called Moldovan in the Republic of Moldova, although the Constitutional Court ruled in 2013 that "the official language of the republic is Romanian". Romanian speakers are scattered across many other countries, notably Australia, Italy, Spain, Ukraine, Bulgaria, the United States, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Greece, Turkey, Russia, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Cyprus, France and Germany
[...More...]

"Romanian Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Turkish Language
Turkey (official), Northern Cyprus (official), Cyprus (official), Bulgaria , Macedonia , Greece , Iraq , Syria Azerbaijan , Kosovo , Romania ,
[...More...]

"Turkish Language" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Greeks
The GREEKS or HELLENES (Greek : Έλληνες ) are an ethnic group native to Greece , Cyprus , southern Albania , Turkey , Sicily , Egypt and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea . They also form a significant diaspora , with Greek communities established around the world. Greek colonies and communities have been historically established on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea , but the Greek people have always been centered on the Aegean and Ionian seas, where the Greek language has been spoken since the Bronze Age . Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula , the western coast of Asia Minor , the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt , the Balkans , Cyprus, and Constantinople . Many of these regions coincided to a large extent with the borders of the Byzantine Empire of the late 11th century and the Eastern Mediterranean areas of ancient Greek colonization . The cultural centers of the Greeks have included Athens , Thessalonica , Alexandria , Smyrna , and Constantinople at various periods
[...More...]

"Greeks" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Fener
FENER is a quarter midway up the Golden Horn within the district of Fatih in Istanbul
Istanbul
, Turkey
Turkey
. The streets in the area are full of historic wooden mansions, churches , and synagogues dating from the Byzantine and Ottoman eras. The wooden mansions between the main axis and the shore were often used for importing wood from Pontus or the Black Sea area. Their picturesque facades were largely destroyed due to street widening requirements in the 1930s and later.The area\'s name is a Turkish transliteration of the original Greek φανάριον (a lighting lantern, a streetlight, a lightpost with a light lantern – from φανός: a lighting lantern; syn. πυρσός: light-torch, φάρος: beacon, lighthouse) (Classical : phanárion, modern : fanári, "lantern"). It was so called for a column topped with a lantern which stood there in the Byzantine period – used as a public light or marine and/or other purpose locator/beacon. The Fener c. 1900 After the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Fener district became home to many of the Greeks
Greeks
in the city
[...More...]

"Fener" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Ecumenical Patriarchate Of Constantinople
The ECUMENICAL PATRIARCHATE OF CONSTANTINOPLE (Greek : Οικουμενικόν Πατριαρχείον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, _Oikoumenikón Patriarkhíon Konstantinoupóleos_, IPA: ; Latin : _Patriarchatus Oecumenicus Constantinopolitanus_; Turkish : _Rum Ortodoks Patrikhanesi_, "Roman Orthodox Patriarchate") is one of the fourteen autocephalous churches (or "jurisdictions") that together compose the Eastern Orthodox Church . It is headed by the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople , currently Bartholomew I , Archbishop of Constantinople. Because of its historical location at the capital of the former Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and its role as the Mother Church of most modern Orthodox churches, the Ecumenical Patriarchate holds a special place of honor within Orthodoxy and serves as the seat for the Ecumenical Patriarch, who enjoys the status of _ Primus inter pares _ (first among equals) among the world's Eastern Orthodox prelates and is widely regarded as the representative and spiritual leader of the world's 300 million Orthodox Christians. The Ecumenical Patriarchate promotes the expansion of the Christian faith and the Orthodox doctrine, and the Ecumenical Patriarchs are involved in ecumenism and interfaith dialogue, charitable work, and the defense of Orthodox Christian traditions
[...More...]

"Ecumenical Patriarchate Of Constantinople" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Dragoman
A DRAGOMAN was an interpreter , translator, and official guide between Turkish , Arabic , and Persian -speaking countries and polities of the Middle East
Middle East
and European embassies , consulates , vice-consulates and trading posts . A dragoman had to have a knowledge of Arabic, Persian, Turkish, and European languages. The position took particular prominence in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
, where demand for the mediation provided by dragomans is said to have been created by the resistance on the part of the Muslim Ottomans to learn the languages of non-Muslim nations. The office incorporated diplomatic as well as linguistic duties—namely, in the Porte 's relation with Christian countries —and some dragomans thus came to play crucial roles in Ottoman politics. The profession tended to be dominated by ethnic Greeks , including the first Ottoman Grand Dragoman
Dragoman
Panagiotis Nikousios , the official interpreter for the Divan (Imperial Council ) of the Sultan, and his successor Alexander Mavrocordatos . But this dominance changed in 1821 with the start of the Greek War of Independence . In 1821 the chief dragoman Constantine Mourouzi was executed for suspected disloyalty, and his successor, Stavraki Aristarchi, was dismissed and exiled in 1822
[...More...]

"Dragoman" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Hospodar Of Moldavia
This is a LIST OF RULERS OF MOLDAVIA , from the first mention of the medieval polity east of the Carpathians and until its disestablishment in 1862, when it united with Wallachia , the other Danubian Principality , to form the modern-day state of Romania
Romania
. CONTENTS * 1 Notes * 2 List * 2.1 Princes of Moldavia * 2.1.1 House of Dragoș * 2.1.2 House of Bogdan-Mușat
House of Bogdan-Mușat
* 2.1.3 Houses of Basarab ( Drăculeşti line) and Bogdan-Muşat * 2.1.4 Houses of Basarab ( Drăculești line) and Movilești
Movilești
* 2.1.5 Various dynasties * 2.2 Phanariotes (1711–1821) * 3 References NOTESDynastic rule is hard to ascribe, given the loose traditional definition of the ruling family (on principle, princes were chosen from any branch, including a previous ruler's bastard sons – being defined as os de domn – "of Voivode
Voivode
marrow", or as having hereghie – "heredity " (from the Latin hereditas); the institutions charged with the election , dominated by the boyars , had fluctuating degrees of influence). The system itself was challenged by usurpers , and became obsolete with the Phanariote epoch , when rulers were appointed by the Ottoman Sultans
[...More...]

"Hospodar Of Moldavia" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

pict