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Marquess
A MARQUESS (UK : /ˈmɑːrkwɪs/ ; French : MARQUIS, ; Italian : marchese, Spanish : marqués, Portuguese : marquês) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages and in those of some of their former colonies. The term is also used to translate equivalent Asian styles, as in imperial China and Japan
Japan
. In the German lands, a Margrave
Margrave
was a ruler of an immediate Imperial territory (examples include the Margrave
Margrave
of Brandenburg , the Margrave of Baden and the Margrave
Margrave
of Bayreuth ), not simply a nobleman like a marquess or marquis in Western and Southern Europe. German rulers did not confer the title of marquis; holders of marquisates in Central Europe were largely associated with the Italian and Spanish crowns
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Italian Language
ITALIAN ( italiano (help ·info ) or lingua italiana ) is a Romance language
Romance language
. By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian , is the closest to Latin
Latin
of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy
Italy
, Switzerland
Switzerland
, San Marino
San Marino
, Vatican City and western Istria
Istria
(in Slovenia
Slovenia
and Croatia
Croatia
)
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Margrave Of Bayreuth
The PRINCIPALITY OF BAYREUTH (German : Fürstentum Bayreuth) or MARGRAVIATE OF BRANDENBURG-BAYREUTH (Markgraftum Brandenburg-Bayreuth) was an immediate territory of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
, ruled by a Franconian branch of the Hohenzollern dynasty. Since Burgrave Frederick VI of Nuremberg was enfeoffed with the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1415/17, the Hohenzollern princes transferred the margravial title to their Franconian possessions, though the principality never had been a march . Until 1604 they used Plassenburg Castle in Kulmbach
Kulmbach
as their residence, hence their territory was officially called the PRINCIPALITY OF KULMBACH or MARGRAVIATE OF BRANDENBURG-KULMBACH until the Empire's dissolution in 1806
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Portuguese Language
PORTUGUESE (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a West Romance language
Romance language
and the sole official language of Portugal
Portugal
, Brazil
Brazil
, Cape Verde
Cape Verde
, Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
, Mozambique
Mozambique
, Angola
Angola
, and São Tomé and Príncipe . It also has co-official language status in East Timor
East Timor
, Equatorial Guinea and Macau
Macau
in China
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Imperial Immediacy
IMPERIAL IMMEDIACY (German : Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit) was a privileged constitutional and political status rooted in German feudal law under which the Imperial estates of the Holy Roman Empire such as Imperial cities , prince-bishoprics and secular principalities, and individuals such as the Imperial knights , were declared free from the authority of any local lord and placed under the direct ("immediate") authority of the Emperor, and later of the institutions of the Empire such as the Diet (Reichstag), the Imperial Chamber of Justice and the Aulic Council . The granting of immediacy began in the Early Middle Ages, and for the immediate bishops, abbots and cities, then the main beneficiaries of that status, immediacy could be exacting and often meant being subjected to the fiscal, military and hospitality demands of their overlord, the Emperor
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Byzantine Empire
The BYZANTINE EMPIRE, also referred to as the EASTERN ROMAN EMPIRE, was the continuation of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, when its capital city was Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul
Istanbul
, which had been founded as Byzantium
Byzantium
). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe
Europe

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British English
BRITISH ENGLISH is the English language
English language
as spoken and written in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. Variations exist in formal, written English in the United Kingdom. For example, the adjective wee is almost exclusively used in parts of Scotland
Scotland
and Ireland
Ireland
, and occasionally Yorkshire , whereas little is predominant elsewhere. Nevertheless, there is a meaningful degree of uniformity in written English within the United Kingdom, and this could be described by the term British English. The forms of spoken English, however, vary considerably more than in most other areas of the world where English is spoken, so a uniform concept of British English
British English
is more difficult to apply to the spoken language
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Margrave Of Brandenburg
This article lists the Margraves and Electors of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
during the period of time that Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was a constituent state of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. The Mark, or March, of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was one of the primary constituent states of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. It was created in 1157 as the Margraviate of Brandenburg by Albert the Bear
Albert the Bear
, Margrave of the Northern March
Northern March
. In 1356, by the terms of the Golden Bull of Charles IV , the Margrave of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
was given the permanent right to participate in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
with the title of Elector (German : Kurfürst)
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Spanish Language
The SPANISH LANGUAGE (/ˈspænɪʃ/ ( listen ); Español (help ·info )), also called the CASTILIAN LANGUAGE (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( listen ), castellano (help ·info )), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
. Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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Marquis (other)
MARQUIS is a hereditary title of nobility. MARQUIS may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 People * 2 Places * 3 Arts and entertainment * 4 Others * 5 See also PEOPLE * Marquis
Marquis
(name) , people with the surname or given name * Marquis
Marquis
Cor Von, ring name briefly used by professional wrestler Monty Brown PLACES * Marquis, Grenada , a town in Grenada * Marquis, Saskatchewan
Marquis, Saskatchewan
, a Canadian village * Marquis
Marquis
No
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Margrave Of Baden
The MARGRAVIATE OF BADEN (German : Markgrafschaft Baden) was a historical territory of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
. Spread along the east side of the Upper Rhine
Upper Rhine
River in southwestern Germany
Germany
, it was named a margraviate in 1112 and existed until 1803, when it was raised to an electorate . In 1806, the Electorate of Baden
Electorate of Baden
, receiving territorial additions, became the Grand Duchy of Baden
Grand Duchy of Baden
. The rulers of Baden belonged to the Swabian House of Zähringen
House of Zähringen

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