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Marquess
A MARQUESS (UK : /ˈmɑːrkwɪs/ ; French : _MARQUIS_, ; Italian : _marchese_, Spanish : _marqués_, Portuguese : _marquês_) is a nobleman of hereditary rank in various European peerages and in those of some of their former colonies. The term is also used to translate equivalent Asian styles, as in imperial China and Japan . In the German lands, a Margrave was a ruler of an immediate Imperial territory (examples include the Margrave of Brandenburg , the Margrave of Baden and the Margrave of Bayreuth ), not simply a nobleman like a marquess or marquis in Western and Southern Europe. German rulers did not confer the title of marquis; holders of marquisates in Central Europe were largely associated with the Italian and Spanish crowns. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 In the United Kingdom * 3 Marquesal titles in other European languages * 3.1 Baltic languages * 3.2 Finno-Ugric languages * 3.3 Germanic languages * 3.4 Romance languages * 3.5 Slavic languages * 3.6 Other languages * 4 Equivalent non-Western titles * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ETYMOLOGY A 17th-century engraving of a marquis in the robe worn during his creation ceremony. The word "marquess" entered the English language from the Old French _marchis_ ("ruler of a border area") in the late 13th or early 14th century
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Marquess (other)
MARQUESS is a hereditary title of nobility. MARQUESS may also refer to: * Marquess, West Virginia , an unincorporated community in Preston County, West Virginia* Marquess
Marquess
(band) , a German Latin-pop band * Marquess
Marquess
(album) , their first studio albumPEOPLE WITH THE SURNAME MARQUESS * Mark Marquess
Marquess
(born 1947), American baseball coach * Mark Marquess
Marquess
(ice hockey) (1925–2015), Canadian ice hockey player * Matt Marquess
Marquess
(born 1986), American soccer player * Paul Marquess
Marquess
(born 1964), British television producerSEE ALSO * All pages beginning with "Marquess" * All pages with a title containing Marquess
Marquess
* Marquesas Islands * List of marquesses in the peerages of the British Isles * List of marquesses in Portugal This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MARQUESS. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marquess_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Marchesa (other)
MARCHESA is a hereditary title of nobility. MARCHESA may also refer to: * Marchesa (brand) , brand specializing in high end womenswear * Marchesa Casati (painting) , portrait painting of Luisa Casati by Augustus JohnSEE ALSO * All pages beginning with "Marchesa" * All pages with a title containing Marchesa * Marchesana , a grape variety * Marquesa (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MARCHESA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marchesa_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Marchese (other)
MARCHESE is a hereditary title of nobility. MARCHESE MAY ALSO REFER TO: * Marchese (constructor) , an American racecar constructor * Colle Del Marchese , a frazione (small village) in Perugia, ItalyPEOPLE WITH THE SURNAME MARCHESE * Carl Marchese (1905–1984), American racecar driver * Filippo Marchese (died 1982), Sicilian Mafia boss * Giuseppe Marchese (born 1962), Sicilian Mafioso and nephew of Filippo Marchese * Marisara Pont Marchese , Puerto Rican public figure * Rosario Marchese (born 1952), Canadian politician This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MARCHESE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marchese_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Marchioness (other)
A MARCHIONESS is a noblewoman with the rank of marquess, or the wife of a marquess. MARCHIONESS may also refer to: * Marchioness
Marchioness
(ship) , a brigantine which sailed between Nelson, New Zealand and Melbourne, Australia in the 1850s * Marchioness
Marchioness
disaster , the 1989 disaster that struck The Marchioness, a pleasure boat on the River Thames This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MARCHIONESS. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marchioness_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Marquis (other)
MARQUIS is a hereditary title of nobility. MARQUIS may also refer to: CONTENTS * 1 People * 2 Places * 3 Arts and entertainment * 4 Others * 5 See also PEOPLE * Marquis
Marquis
(name) , people with the surname or given name * Marquis
Marquis
Cor Von, ring name briefly used by professional wrestler Monty Brown PLACES * Marquis, Grenada , a town in Grenada * Marquis, Saskatchewan , a Canadian village * Marquis
Marquis
No
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Marquise (other)
A MARQUISE is a noblewoman with the rank of marquess, or the wife of a marquess. MARQUISE may also refer to: * Marquise, a brand of cigarettes made by Imperial Tobacco * Marquise, Pas-de-Calais , a commune of the Pas-de-Calais département in northern France * Marquise, a diamond cut * Marquise, a variant of the Mitsubishi MU-2 aircraft * Marquise
Marquise
(film) , a 1997 French film * Chocolate marquise , a rich chocolate dessert * Marquise, Newfoundland and Labrador , a settlement in Canada * A canopy in front of the entrance to a French building, often made of iron and glassSEE ALSO * All pages beginning with "Marquise" * All pages with a title containing Marquise
Marquise
* Marquee (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MARQUISE. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marquise_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Marquesa (other)
MARQUESA is a title of nobility. MARQUESA may also refer to: * Marquesas Islands , a group of islands in French Polynesia * Marquesan language , the language of the Marquesas Islands * Marquesas Keys , a group of uninhabited islands near Florida * Survivor: Marquesas , the fourth season of the television series Survivor This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title MARQUESA. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marquesa_(other) additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc
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Royal And Noble Ranks
Traditional rank amongst European royalty , peers , and nobility is rooted in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages . Although they vary over time and between geographic regions (for example, one region's prince might be equal to another's grand duke ), the following is a reasonably comprehensive list that provides information on both general ranks and specific differences. CONTENTS* 1 Ranks and title * 1.1 Sovereign * 1.2 Other sovereigns, royalty, peers, and major nobility * 1.3 Minor nobility, gentry, and other aristocracy * 2 Corresponding titles of nobility between languages * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links RANKS AND TITLE _ This article contains embedded lists that MAY BE POORLY DEFINED, UNVERIFIED OR INDISCRIMINATE . Please help to clean it up to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Where appropriate, incorporate items into the main body of the article. (November 2016)_SOVEREIGN Main articles: Monarch and Sovereign _ It has been suggested that this section be split out into another article titled Royal title _. (Discuss ) _(November 2016)_ _ This article NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Emperor
An EMPEROR (through Old French _empereor_ from Latin _IMPERATOR _ ) is a monarch , usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. EMPRESS, the female equivalent, may indicate an emperor's wife (_empress consort _), mother (_empress dowager _), or a woman who rules in her own right (_empress regnant _). Emperors are generally recognized to be of a higher honour and rank than kings . In Europe
Europe
the title of Emperor
Emperor
has been used since the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, considered in those times equal or almost equal in dignity to that of Pope
Pope
, due to the latter's position as visible head of the Church and spiritual leader of the Catholic part of Western Europe
Europe
. The Emperor of Japan is the only currently reigning monarch whose title is translated into English as "Emperor". Both kings and emperors are monarchs , but _emperor_ and _empress_ are considered the higher monarchical titles. In as much as there is a strict definition of emperor, it is that an emperor has no relations implying the superiority of any other ruler, and typically rules over more than one nation. Thus a king might be obliged to pay tribute to another ruler, or be restrained in his actions in some unequal fashion, but an emperor should in theory be completely free of such restraints
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King
KING is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant (while the title of queen on its own usually refers to the consort of a king). * In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contemporary indigenous peoples, the title may refer to tribal kingship . Germanic kingship is cognate with Indo-European traditions of tribal rulership (c.f. Indic _rājan _, Gothic _reiks _, and Old Irish _rí _, etc.) * In the context of classical antiquity, king may translate Latin _rex _ or either Greek _archon _ or _basileus _. * In classical European feudalism , the title of _king_ as the ruler of a KINGDOM is understood as the highest rank in the feudal order, potentially subject, at least nominally, only to an emperor (harking back to the client kings of the Roman Empire ). * In a modern context, the title may refer to the ruler of one of a number of modern monarchies (either absolute or constitutional). The title of _king_ is used alongside other titles for monarchs, in the West prince , emperor , archduke , duke or grand duke , in the Middle East sultan or emir ; etc. King may also refer to a king consort , a title that is sometimes given to the husband of a ruling queen , however the title prince consort is sometimes granted instead
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Archduke
ARCHDUKE (feminine: ARCHDUCHESS; German: _Erzherzog_, feminine form: _Erzherzogin_) was the title borne from 1358 by the Habsburg rulers of the Archduchy of Austria , and later by all senior members of that dynasty. It denotes a rank within the former Holy Roman Empire (962–1806), which was below that of Emperor and King and above that of (debatably) a Grand Duke, Duke and Prince . The territory ruled by an Archduke or Archduchess was called an Archduchy. All remaining Archduchies ceased to exist in 1918. CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 History * 3 Usage * 4 Insignia * 5 See also * 6 References and notes TERMINOLOGYThe English word is first recorded in 1530, derived from Middle , via Old , French _archeduc_, from Merovingian Latin _archidux_, from Greek _arch(i)-_, ἀρχι- meaning "authority" or "primary" (see _arch-_) and _dux _ "duke" (literally "leader") "Archduke" (German : _Erzherzog_; Dutch : _Aartshertog_) is a title distinct from "Grand Duke " (French : _Grand-Duc_; Luxembourgish : _Groussherzog_; German : _Großherzog_), a later monarchic title borne by the rulers of other European countries (for instance, Luxembourg ). HISTORYThe first known claim to the title of Archduke was by the rulers of Austrasia (c
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Grand Prince
The title GRAND PRINCE or GREAT PRINCE ( Latin : _magnus princeps_, Greek : _megas archon_) ranked in honour below king and emperor and above a sovereign prince . Grand duke is the usual and established, though not literal , translation of these terms in English and Romance languages , which do not normally use separate words for a "prince" who reigns as a monarch (e.g., Albert II, Prince of Monaco ) and a "prince" who does not reign, but belongs to a monarch's family (e.g., Prince William, Duke of Cambridge ). German, Dutch, Slavic and Scandinavian languages do use separate words to express this concept, and in those languages _grand prince_ is understood as a distinct title (for a cadet of a dynasty ) from _grand duke_ (hereditary ruler ranking below a king). The title of _grand prince_ was once used for the sovereign of a "grand principality". The last titular grand principalities vanished in 1917 and 1918, the territories being united into other monarchies or becoming republics . Already at that stage, the grand principalities of Lithuania , Transylvania and Finland had been for centuries under rulers of other, bigger monarchies, so that the title of _grand prince_ was superseded by a royal title (king/tsar) or an imperial one (emperor)
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Grand Duke
The monarchic title of GRAND DUKE (feminine: GRAND DUCHESS) ranked in order of precedence below emperor and king , and above that of sovereign prince and sovereign duke . It is or was used in some independent nations or states in Europe, particularly: * In present-day Luxembourg * Historically for the sovereigns of former independent countries such as: Tuscany (from 1569 to 1860, now part of Italy); Baden , Oldenburg , Saxe-Weimar , Mecklenburg-Schwerin , etc. — grand duchies from 1815 to 1918 and all now part of Germany * Formerly also for some nations in Eastern and Northeastern Europe, such as Finland and Lithuania. * Several micronations have the title as it's form of monarch.Translations for _grand duke_ include: in Latin, _magnus dux_; in Luxembourgish _Groussherzog_; in German _Großherzog_; in French _Grand-Duc_; in Spanish, _Gran Duque_; in Russian, _великий князь_ (_velikiy kniaz_, literally "grand prince"); in Italian _Gran Duca_; in Portuguese _grão-duque_; in Finnish, _suurherttua_; in Polish, _wielki książę_; in Hungarian, _nagyherceg_; in Swedish, _storhertig_; in Dutch in Danish, _storhertug_; in Lithuanian, _didysis kunigaikštis_; in Latvian, _lielhercogs_; in Czech _velkovévoda_ or _velkokníže_
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Prince
A PRINCE is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. _Prince_ is also a title of nobility , often hereditary , in some European states . The feminine equivalent is a princess . The English word derives, via the French word _prince_, from the Latin noun _princeps _, from _primus_ (first) + _capio_ (to seize), meaning "the chief, most