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Lancer Evolution
The MITSUBISHI LANCER EVOLUTION, also known as a LAN EVO or just EVO, was a sports sedan based on the Lancer that was manufactured by Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
. There have been ten official versions to date, and the designation of each model is most commonly a Roman numeral
Roman numeral
. All use two litre turbocharged inline four-cylinder engines and all-wheel drive systems. The Evolution was originally intended only for Japanese markets, but demand on the "grey import" market led the Evolution series to be offered through Ralliart dealer networks in the United Kingdom and in various European markets from around 1998. Mitsubishi decided to export the eighth generation Evolution to the United States in 2003 after witnessing the success Subaru
Subaru
had in that market with their long-time direct rival, the Subaru
Subaru
Impreza WRX STi
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Wheelbase
In both road and rail vehicles , the WHEELBASE is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels. For road vehicles with more than two axles (e.g. some trucks), the wheelbase is defined as the distance between the steering (front) axle and the centerpoint of the driving axle group. In the case of a tri-axle truck, the wheelbase would be the distance between the steering axle and a point midway between the two rear axles. Wheelbase
Wheelbase
(measured between rotational centers of wheels) CONTENTS* 1 Vehicles * 1.1 Varying wheelbases within nameplate * 1.2 Bikes * 1.3 Skateboards * 2 Rail * 3 See also * 4 References VEHICLESThe WHEELBASE of a vehicle equals the distance between its front and rear wheels. At equilibrium, the total torque of the forces acting on a vehicle is zero
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Curb Weight
CURB WEIGHT ( American English
American English
) or KERB WEIGHT ( British English
British English
) is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables such as motor oil , transmission oil, coolant , air conditioning refrigerant, and sometimes a full tank of fuel , while not loaded with either passengers or cargo . This definition may differ from definitions used by governmental regulatory agencies or other organizations. For example, many European Union manufacturers include the weight of a 75-kilogram (165 lb) driver to follow European Directive 95/48/EC. Organizations may also define curb weight with fixed levels of fuel and other variables to equalize the value for the comparison of different vehicles
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Double Overhead Camshaft
OVERHEAD CAMSHAFT, commonly abbreviated to OHC, is a valvetrain configuration which places the camshaft of an internal combustion engine of the reciprocating type within the cylinder heads ('above' the pistons and combustion chambers ) and drives the valves or lifters in a more direct manner compared with overhead valves (OHV) and pushrods. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Single overhead camshaft * 2.1 Alternative SOHC layouts * 3 Dual overhead camshaft * 4 Triple overhead camshaft * 5 Camshaft drive systems * 5.1 Timing belt * 5.2 Timing chain * 5.3 Bevel shaft * 5.4 Gear train * 5.5 Cranks and rods * 6 Variable valve timing * 7 History * 7.1 Early use * 7.2 Aircraft engines * 7.3 Inter-war use * 7.4 Post-war use * 8 See also * 9 References OVERVIEWCompared with OHV pushrod systems with the same number of valves, the reciprocating components of the OHC system are fewer and have a lower overall mass
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Automobile Platform
A CAR PLATFORM is a shared set of common design, engineering, and production efforts, as well as major components over a number of outwardly distinct models and even types of cars , often from different, but related marques . It is practiced in the automotive industry to reduce the costs associated with the development of products by basing those products on a smaller number of platforms. This further allows companies to create distinct models from a design perspective on similar underpinnings. CONTENTS * 1 Definition and benefits * 2 Examples * 3 Advantages * 4 Disadvantages * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links DEFINITION AND BENEFITSPlatform sharing is a product development method where different products and the brand attached share the same components. The purpose with platform sharing is to reduce the cost and have a more efficient product development process
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Gentlemen's Agreement
A GENTLEMEN\'S AGREEMENT or GENTLEMAN\'S AGREEMENT is an informal and legally non-binding agreement between two or more parties. It is typically oral, though it may be written, or simply understood as part of an unspoken agreement by convention or through mutually beneficial etiquette . The essence of a gentlemen's agreement is that it relies upon the honor of the parties for its fulfillment, rather than being in any way enforceable. It is, therefore, distinct from a legal agreement or contract , which can be enforced if necessary. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Industry
Industry
* 1.2 International relations * 1.3 Trade policies * 1.4 As a discriminatory tactic * 2 See also * 3 References HISTORYThe phrase appears in British Parliamentary records of 1821, and in Massachusetts public records of 1835. The Oxford English Dictionary cites P. G. Wodehouse
P. G

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Turbocharger
A TURBOCHARGER, or colloquially TURBO, is a turbine -driven forced induction device that increases an internal combustion engine's efficiency and power output by forcing extra air into the combustion chamber. This improvement over a naturally aspirated engine 's power output is due to the fact that the compressor can force more air—and proportionately more fuel—into the combustion chamber than atmospheric pressure (and for that matter, ram air intakes ) alone. Turbochargers were originally known as TURBOSUPERCHARGERS when all forced induction devices were classified as superchargers. Nowadays the term "supercharger " is usually applied only to mechanically driven forced induction devices. The key difference between a turbocharger and a conventional supercharger is that a supercharger is mechanically driven by the engine, often through a belt connected to the crankshaft , whereas a turbocharger is powered by a turbine driven by the engine's exhaust gas
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Grey Market
A GREY MARKET (sometimes confused with the similar term parallel market ) is the trade of a commodity through distribution channels that are legal but unintended by the original manufacturer. Grey market products are products sold by a manufacturer or their authorized agent outside of the terms of the agreement between the reseller and the manufacturer
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Subaru
Coordinates : 36°17′51″N 139°22′05″E / 36.2975685°N 139.368058°E / 36.2975685; 139.368058 Subaru Corporation Subaru
Subaru
corporate headquarters building NATIVE NAME スバル INDUSTRY Automobile
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Anti-lock Brakes
ABS: Anti-lock Braking System An ANTI-LOCK BRAKING SYSTEM or ANTI-SKID BRAKING SYSTEM (ABS) is an automobile safety system that allows the wheels on a motor vehicle to maintain tractive contact with the road surface according to driver inputs while braking , preventing the wheels from locking up (ceasing rotation) and avoiding uncontrolled skidding. It is an automated system that uses the principles of threshold braking and cadence braking which were practiced by skillful drivers with previous generation braking systems. It does this at a much faster rate and with better control than many drivers could manage. ABS generally offers improved vehicle control and decreases stopping distances on dry and slippery surfaces; however, on loose gravel or snow-covered surfaces, ABS can significantly increase braking distance , although still improving vehicle steering control. Since initial widespread use in production cars, anti-lock braking systems have been improved considerably
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Torque Steer
TORQUE STEERING is the influence of engine torque on the steering , especially in front-wheel drive vehicles with transversely mounted engines . For example, during heavy acceleration the steering may pull to one side, which may be disturbing to the driver. The effect is manifested either as a tugging sensation in the steering wheel, or a veering of the vehicle from the intended path. Torque steer is directly related to differences in the forces in the contact patches of the left and right drive wheels . The effect becomes more evident when high torques are applied to the drive wheels either because of a high overall reduction ratio between the engine and wheels, high engine torque, or some combination of the two. Torque steering is distinct from steering kickback
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Sydney International Motor Show
The AUSTRALIAN INTERNATIONAL MOTOR SHOW (AIMS) was an annual auto show held in Australia, alternating between the cities of Sydney and Melbourne . Prior to the Sydney event in 2010, both cities previously hosted separate annual exhibitions. Melbourne's version was known as the MELBOURNE INTERNATIONAL MOTOR SHOW, with Sydney hosting the Australian International Motor Show (known as the SYDNEY MOTOR SHOW prior to 2004). CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Sydney * 1.2 Melbourne * 2 Dissolution * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe Melbourne International Motor Show was held from 1925 through to 2009; it was the longest running auto show in Australia. The Sydney show was originally titled Sydney Motor Show but the 2004 show signalled the adoption of the Australian International Motor Show (AIMS) title
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Brembo
BREMBO S.P.A. is an Italian manufacturer of automotive brake systems, especially for high-performance cars and motorcycles based in Bergamo , near Milan
Milan
. Brembo
Brembo
plant CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Products * 3 Motorsport * 4 Brembo
Brembo
Group brands * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORY Brembo
Brembo
was established in Bergamo, Italy
Italy
in 1961. Soon after the company was formed, it specialised in disc brakes , which were imported from the UK at the time. The company entered into a supply contract with Alfa Romeo
Alfa Romeo
in 1964. It became the supplier of brake components to Moto Guzzi
Moto Guzzi
in 1966
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Shock Absorber
A SHOCK ABSORBER (in reality, a shock "damper") is a mechanical or hydraulic device designed to absorb and damp shock impulses. It does this by converting the kinetic energy of the shock into another form of energy (typically heat ) which is then dissipated. Most shock absorbers are a form of dashpot . CONTENTS* 1 Description * 1.1 Vehicle suspension * 2 Early history * 3 Types of vehicle shock absorbers * 3.1 Twin-tube * 3.1.1 Basic twin-tube * 3.1.2 Twin-tube gas charged * 3.1.3 Position sensitive damping * 3.1.4 Acceleration sensitive damping * 3.1.5 Coilover * 3.2 Mono-tube * 3.3 Spool valve * 4 Theoretical approaches * 5 Special
Special
features * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Sources * 9 Bibliography * 10 External links DESCRIPTION Pneumatic
Pneumatic
and hydraulic shock absorbers are used in conjunction with cushions and springs
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FIA
The FéDéRATION INTERNATIONALE DE L\'AUTOMOBILE (FIA, English: International Automobile Federation) is an association established as the Association Internationale des Automobile Clubs Reconnus (AIACR, English: 'International Association of Recognized Automobile Clubs') on 20 June 1904 to represent the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. To the general public, the FIA is mostly known as the governing body for many auto racing events. The FIA also promotes road safety around the world. Headquartered at 8 Place de la Concorde , Paris, the FIA consists of 245 national member organisations in 143 countries worldwide. Its current president is Jean Todt . The FIA is generally known by its French name or initials, even in non-French-speaking countries, but is occasionally rendered as 'International Automobile Federation'
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Automatic Transmission
An AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION, also called AUTO, SELF-SHIFTING TRANSMISSION, N-SPEED AUTOMATIC (where n is its number of forward gear ratios), or AT, is a type of motor vehicle transmission that can automatically change gear ratios as the vehicle moves, freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually . Like other transmission systems on vehicles, it allows an internal combustion engine , best suited to run at a relatively high rotational speed , to provide a range of speed and torque outputs necessary for vehicular travel. The number of forward gear ratios is often expressed for manual transmissions as well (e.g., 6-speed manual). The most popular form found in automobiles is the hydraulic automatic transmission. Similar but larger devices are also used for heavy-duty commercial and industrial vehicles and equipment
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