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Karnataka
KARNATAKA is a state in the south western region of India
India
. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act . Originally known as the State of Mysore , it was renamed Karnataka
Karnataka
in 1973. The capital and largest city is Bangalore . Karnataka
Karnataka
is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa
Goa
to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana
Telangana
to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
to the east, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the southeast, and Kerala
Kerala
to the southwest. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the seventh largest Indian state by area
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Indian Standard Time
INDIAN STANDARD TIME (IST) is the time observed throughout India
India
and Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, with a time offset of UTC+05:30 . India
India
does not observe daylight saving time (DSTu) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star"). Indian Standard Time
Indian Standard Time
is calculated on the basis of 82.30' E longitude , in Kakinada , (16°35′N 82°09′E / 16.58°N 82.15°E / 16.58; 82.15 ) which is nearly on the corresponding longitude reference line. In the tz database , it is represented by Asia/Kolkata
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Time
Time
is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Pakistani for a person from Pakistan
Pakistan
, Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1 . The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision
Country subdivision
code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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Languages With Official Status In India
LANGUAGE is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication , particularly the human ability to do so, and A LANGUAGE is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics . Questions concerning the philosophy of language , such as whether words can represent experience, have been debated since Gorgias
Gorgias
and Plato
Plato
in Ancient Greece . Thinkers such as Rousseau
Rousseau
have argued that language originated from emotions while others like Kant have held that it originated from rational and logical thought. 20th-century philosophers such as Wittgenstein argued that philosophy is really the study of language. Major figures in linguistics include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky
Noam Chomsky
. Estimates of the number of languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000
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Human Development Index
The HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy , education , and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development . A country scores higher HDI when the lifespan is higher, the education level is higher, and the GDP per capita is higher. The HDI was developed by Indian Economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq
Mahbub ul Haq
, often framed in terms of whether people are able to "be" and "do" desirable things in their life, and was published by the United Nations Development Programme . The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(IHDI)
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Official Languages
An OFFICIAL LANGUAGE is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction . Typically a country's official language refers to the language used within government (e.g., courts, parliament, administration). Since "the means of expression of a people cannot be changed by any law", the term "official language" does not typically refer to the language used by a people or country, but by its government. Worldwide, 178 countries have at least one official language, and 101 of these countries recognise more than one language. Many of the world's constitutions mention one or more official or national languages . Some countries use the official language designation to empower indigenous groups by giving them access to the government in their native languages
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List Of States And Union Territories Of India By Population
A TERRITORY is an administrative division , usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state . In most countries , a territory is an organized division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "states". In international politics , a territory is usually a non-sovereign geographic area which has come under the authority of another government; which has not been granted the powers of self-government normally devolved to secondary territorial divisions; or both
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Asian Elephant
E. m. maximus E. m. indicus E. m. sumatranus E. m. borneensis Asian elephant
Asian elephant
rangeThe ASIAN or ASIATIC ELEPHANT ( Elephas
Elephas
maximus) is the only living species of the genus Elephas
Elephas
and is distributed in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
from India
India
and Nepal
Nepal
in the west to Borneo
Borneo
in the east. Three subspecies are recognised—E. m. maximus from Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, the E. m. indicus from mainland Asia, and E. m. sumatranus from the island of Sumatra
Sumatra
. Asian elephants are the largest living land animals in Asia
Asia

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Arabian Sea
The ARABIAN SEA is a region of the northern Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
bounded on the north by Pakistan
Pakistan
and Iran
Iran
, on the west by northeastern Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
, and on the east by India
India
. Historically the sea has been known by other names including the Erythraean Sea
Sea
and the Persian Sea