HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

picture info

Jain
JAINISM (/ˈdʒeɪnɪzəm/ or /ˈdʒaɪnɪzəm/ ), traditionally known as JAIN DHARMA, is an ancient Indian religion
Indian religion
. Jainism followers are called "Jains", a word derived from the Sanskrit word jina (victor) and connoting the path of victory in crossing over life's stream of rebirths through an ethical and spiritual life. Jains
Jains
trace their history through a succession of twenty-four victorious saviors and teachers known as Tirthankaras , with the first being Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
, who is believed to have lived millions of years ago, and twenty-fourth being the Mahavira
Mahavira
around 500 BCE. Jains believe that Jainism
Jainism
is an eternal dharma with the Tirthankaras guiding every cycle of the Jain
Jain
cosmology
[...More...]

"Jain" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Religious Text
RELIGIOUS TEXTS (also known as scripture, or scriptures, from the Latin
Latin
scriptura, meaning "a writing") are texts which religious traditions consider to be central to their religious practice or set of beliefs. Religious texts may be used to provide meaning and purpose, evoke a deeper connection with the divine , convey religious truths, promote religious experience , foster communal identity, and guide individual and communal religious practice. Religious texts often communicate the practices or values of a religious traditions and can be looked to as a set of guiding principles which dictate physical, mental, spiritual, or historical elements considered important to a specific religion
[...More...]

"Religious Text" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Diwali
DIWALI or DEEPAVALI is the Hindu
Hindu
festival of lights celebrated every year in autumn in the northern hemisphere (spring in southern hemisphere). It is an official holiday in Fiji , Guyana
Guyana
, India
India
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Mauritius
Mauritius
, Myanmar
Myanmar
, Nepal
Nepal
, Singapore
Singapore
, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, Suriname , Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
, and recently Sindh Province in Pakistan. One of the most popular festivals of Hinduism, it spiritually signifies the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, knowledge over ignorance, and hope over despair
[...More...]

"Diwali" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Dilwara Temples
The DILWARA TEMPLES (Gujarati : અાબુના દેલવાડા) of India
India
are located about 2½ kilometres from Mount Abu
Mount Abu
, Rajasthan\'s only hill station. These Jain
Jain
temples were built by Vimal Shah and designed by Vastapul-Tejpal, Jain
Jain
laymen , between the 11th and 13th centuries AD and are famous for their use of marble and intricate marble carvings. The five marble temples of Dilwara are a sacred pilgrimage place of the Jains. Some consider them to be one of the most beautiful Jain
Jain
pilgrimage sites in the world. The temples have an opulent entranceway, the simplicity in architecture reflecting Jain
Jain
values like honesty and frugality. The temples are in the midst of a range of forested hills. A high wall shrouds the temple complex
[...More...]

"Dilwara Temples" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Śvētāmbara
The ŚVēTāMBARA (/ʃwɛˈtʌmbərə/ ; Sanskrit : श्वेतांबर or श्वेतपट śvētapaṭa; also spelled Svetambar, Shvetambara, Shvetambar, Swetambar or Shwetambar) is one of the two main sects of Jainism
Jainism
, the other being the Digambara
Digambara
. Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
"white-clad" is a term describing its ascetics ' practice of wearing white clothes, which sets it apart from the Digambara
Digambara
"sky-clad" Jainas, whose ascetic practitioners go naked. Śvētāmbaras, unlike Digambaras, do not believe that ascetics must practice nudity. Śvētāmbaras also believe that women are able to obtain moksha . Śvētāmbaras maintain that the 19th Tirthankara
Tirthankara
, Māllīnātha , was a woman
[...More...]

"Śvētāmbara" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Jai Jinendra
JAI JINENDRA! ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: जय जिनेन्द्र Jaya Jinēndra) is a common greeting used by the Jains . The phrase means "Honor to the Supreme Jinas (Tirthankaras )" The reverential greeting is a combination of two sanskrit words: Jai and Jinendra The word, Jai is used to praise somebody. In Jai Jinendra, it is used to praise the qualities of the Jinas (conquerors). The word Jinendra is a compound-word derived from the word Jina, referring to a human being who has conquered all inner passions and possess Kevala Gyan (pure infinite knowledge), and the word "Indra," which means chief or lord. SEE ALSO * God in Jainism
Jainism
* Mahavira
Mahavira
NOTES * ^ A B Rankin 2013 , p. 37. * ^ Sangave 2001 , p. 16. * ^ Sangave 2001 , p. 164.REFERENCES * Rankin, Aidan (2013), "Chapter 1
[...More...]

"Jai Jinendra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Aparigraha
APARIGRAHA (Sanskrit : अपरिग्रह) is the concept of non-possessiveness , non-grasping or non-greediness. It is one of the virtues in Hinduism
Hinduism
and Jainism
Jainism
. Aparigrah is the opposite of parigrah, and refers to keeping the desire for possessions to what is necessary or important, depending on one's life stage and context. The precept of aparigraha is a self-restraint (temperance ) from the type of greed and avarice where one's own material gain or happiness comes by hurting, killing or destroying other human beings, life forms or nature. Aparigraha
Aparigraha
is a concept that is related to and in part a motivator of dāna (proper charity), both from giver's and receiver's perspective
[...More...]

"Aparigraha" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Samvatsari
SAṃVATSARī (INTERNATIONAL FORGIVENESS DAY) is the last day of Paryushana
Paryushana
—the eight days festival of Switember Jain and ten days festival of Digamber Jain . It is the holiest day of the Jain calendar . Many Jains observe a complete fast on this day. The whole day is spent in prayers and contemplation. A yearly, elaborate penitential retreat called saṃvatsarī pratikramana is performed on this day. After the pratikramana Jains seek forgiveness from all the creatures of the world whom they may have harmed knowingly or unknowingly by uttering the phrase— Micchami Dukkadam , "Khamau Sa" , or "Khamat Khamna". As a matter of ritual, they personally greet their friends and relatives Micchami Dukkadam . No private quarrel or dispute may be carried beyond Saṃvatsarī and messages , telephone calls are made to the outstation friends and relatives asking their forgiveness. REFERENCES * ^ Shah, Nathubhai (1998)
[...More...]

"Samvatsari" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Micchami Dukkadam
MICCHāMI DUKKAḍAṃ (मिच्छामि दुक्कडम्) is an ancient Indian phrase, which is translated from Prakrit
Prakrit
to literally mean "may all the evil that has been done be fruitless." It is commonly used to seek forgiveness and to mean, "If I have offended you in any way, knowingly or unknowingly, in thought, word or deed, then I seek your forgiveness." It is used widely in the Jain religion on the last day ( Samvatsari or Kshamavani
Kshamavani
) of Paryushana , the most important annual holy event of the Jain calendar. As a matter of ritual, Jains greet their friends and relatives on this last day with Micchāmi Dukkaḍaṃ, seeking their forgiveness. No private quarrel or dispute should be carried beyond this time. The importance of forgiveness in Jainism
Jainism
may be compared to the importance of forgiveness in other religions
[...More...]

"Micchami Dukkadam" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Bhaktamara Stotra
BHAKTAMARA STOTRA is a famous Jain
Jain
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
prayer. It was composed by Acharya Manatunga (seventh century CE). The name Bhaktamara comes from a combination of two sanskrit names, "Bhakta" (Devotee) and "Amar" (Immortal). The prayer praises Rishabhanatha
Rishabhanatha
(adinath) , the first Tirthankara
Tirthankara
of Jainism. There are forty-eight verses in total. The last verse gives the name of the author Manatunga. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 Legend * 3 History * 4 Verses * 5 Art * 6 References * 7 Sources OVERVIEW Illustrative of Rishabhanatha, Folio Bhaktamara Stotra Bhaktamar verses have been recited as a stotra (prayer), and sung as a stavan (hymn ), somewhat interchangeably
[...More...]

"Bhaktamara Stotra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Kalpa Sūtra
The KALPA SūTRA (Sanskrit : कल्पसूत्र) is a Jain text containing the biographies of the Jain
Jain
Tirthankaras , notably Parshvanatha and Mahavira , including the latter's Nirvāṇa . Bhadrabahu
Bhadrabahu
I is considered the author of the text and it is traditionally said to have been composed about one hundred and fifty years after the Nirvāṇa of Mahavira (traditionally 599 – 527 BCE). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Importance * 3 See also * 4 References * 4.1 Citations * 4.2 Sources * 5 External links HISTORYWithin the six sections of the Jain
Jain
literary corpus belonging to the Svetambara school, it is classed as one of the Cheda Sūtras. This Sutra contains detailed life histories and, from the mid-15th century, was frequently illustrated with miniature painting
[...More...]

"Kalpa Sūtra" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Parasparopagraho Jivanam
PARASPAROPAGRAHO JīVāNāM ( Sanskrit ) is a Jain aphorism from the Tattvārtha Sūtra . It is translated as "Souls render service to one another". It is also translated as, "All life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence." These translations are virtually the same (by virtue, that is), because Jains believe that every living being, from a plant or a bacterium to human, has a soul and the concept forms the very basis of Jainism. ("Soul".. ) MOTTO OF JAINISMThe aphorism Parasparopagraho Jīvānām has been accepted as the motto of Jainism. It stresses the philosophy of non-violence and ecological harmony on which the Jain ethics and doctrine—especially the doctrines of Ahimsa and Anekantavada —are based. This motto is inscribed in Devanagari script at the base of the symbol of Jainism which was adopted by all sects of Jainism while commemorating the 2500th anniversary of nirvana of Mahavira
[...More...]

"Parasparopagraho Jivanam" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Brahmacharya
BRAHMACHARYA (/ˌbrɑːməˈtʃɑːrjə/ ; Devanagari : ब्रह्मचर्य) literally means "going after Brahman (Supreme Reality, Self or God)". In Indian religions, it is also a concept with various context-driven meanings. In one context, brahmacharya is the first of four ashrama (age-based stages) of a human life, with grihastha (householder), vanaprastha (forest dweller), and sannyasa (renunciation) being the other three asramas. The brahmacharya (bachelor student) stage of one's life, up to twenty-five years of age, was focused on education and included the practice of celibacy . In this context, it connotes chastity during the student stage of life for the purposes of learning from a guru (teacher), and during later stages of life for the purposes of attaining spiritual liberation (moksha ). In another context, brahmacharya is the virtue of celibacy when unmarried and fidelity when married
[...More...]

"Brahmacharya" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Tirtha (Jainism)
In Jainism , a TīRTHA (Sanskrit : तीर्थ "ford , a shallow part of a body of water that may be easily crossed") is used to refer both to pilgrimage sites as well as to the four sections of the sangha . A tirtha provides the inspiration to enable one to cross over from worldly engagement to the side of moksha . Jain tirthas are located throughout India. Often a tirtha has a number of temples as well as residences (dharmashala) for the pilgrims and wandering monks and scholars
[...More...]

"Tirtha (Jainism)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Haribhadra
HARIBHADRA SURI was a