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Italy
Coordinates : 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12 Italian Republic _Repubblica Italiana_ (Italian ) _ Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Il Canto degli Italiani _ (Italian ) "The Song of the Italians" Location of Italy (dark green) – in Europe (light green "> (light green) – Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483 Official language and national language Italian a RELIGION * 83.3% Christians * 12.4% Irreligious * 3.7% Muslims * 0.2% Buddhists * 0.1% Hindus * 0.3% Other religions DEMONYM Italian GOV
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Italy (other)
ITALY is a European country. It may also refer to: * Italian Peninsula * Roman Italy
Italy
* Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(Holy Roman Empire) , a constituent kingdom of the Holy Roman Empire * Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(Napoleonic) , a French client state 1805–1814 * Kingdom of Italy
Italy
, an independent and unified Italian state 1861–1946 * Imperial Italy
Italy
(fascist) , an ambitious project envisioned by Fascist Italy * Air Italy
Italy
, an airline based in Gallarate, Italy * Italy
Italy
Star , a British Commonwealth campaign medal, awarded for service in World War II * Italy, New York
Italy, New York
, USA, a town * Italy, Texas
Italy, Texas
, USA, a town * Little Italy
Italy
, an ethnic enclave * Little Italy
Italy
Festival * “Italy”, a poem by Patti Smith from her 1978 book Babel (book) * I.T.A.L.Y. , a 2008 Filipino film * A main character from the anime Hetalia: Axis Powers .SEE ALSO * Italia (other) * Italian (other) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ITALY. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article
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Italian Republic (Napoleonic)
The ITALIAN REPUBLIC (Italian : REPUBBLICA ITALIANA) was a short-lived (1802–1805) republic located in Northern Italy . Napoleon
Napoleon
served as President
President
and its capital was Milan
Milan
. CONTENTS * 1 The republic * 2 Institutional form * 3 Local administration * 3.1 List of departments and districts * 4 Sources * 5 See also THE REPUBLIC The Consulta of the République cisalpine receives the First Consul , 26 January 1802, Nicolas-André Monsiau , 1806–08 The Italian Republic
Italian Republic
was the successor of the Cisalpine Republic , which changed its constitution to allow the French First Consul Napoleon
Napoleon
to become its president. The new constitution changed the name of the state to the "Italian Republic"; it consisted of the same areas that had comprised the Cisalpine Republic, primarily Lombardy and Romagna . The republic had a territory of more than 42,500 square kilometers (16,400 sq mi), and a population of 3,240,000 in 12 départements . Milan
Milan
was the capital city, the main center having 124,000 inhabitants in 1764. The country was prosperous despite the plundering experienced in preceding centuries. Its economy was based on cereal agriculture and cattling , plus flourishing small industries, notably the production of silk
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Italia (other)
ITALIA may refer to the following: * Italy
Italy
(Italia in Italian language) * Roman Italy
Italy
(Italia in Latin language), the Italian peninsula during Roman times * Italia Turrita , the national personification of ItalyCONTENTS * 1 Places * 2 People * 3 Transportation * 4 Sports and entertainment * 5 Other uses * 6 See also PLACES * Italia, Florida , United States *
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Italian Language
ITALIAN (_ italiano_ (help ·info ) or _lingua italiana_ ) is a Romance language . By most measures, Italian, together with Sardinian, is the closest to Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy , Switzerland , San Marino , Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia ). It used to have official status in Albania , Malta and Monaco , where it is still widely spoken, as well as in former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa regions where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia . It has official minority status in Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Slovenia and Romania . Many speakers are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages . Italian is a major European language, being one of the official languages of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and one of the working languages of the Council of Europe . It is the third most widely spoken first language in the European Union with 65 million native speakers (13% of the EU population) and it is spoken as a second language by 14 million EU citizens (3%)
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Flag Of Italy
The FLAG OF ITALY (_bandiera d'Italia_, often referred to in Italian as _IL TRICOLORE_ ) is a tricolour featuring three equally sized vertical pales of green , white and red , with the green at the hoist side. Its current form has been in use since 18 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948. The first entity to use the Italian tricolour was the Cisalpine Republic in 1797, which supplanted Milan after Napoleon 's victorious army crossed Italy in 1796. The colours chosen by the Cispadane Republic were red and white, which were the colours of the recently conquered flag of Milan ; and green, which was the colour of the uniform of the Milanese civic guard. During this time, many small French-proxy republics of Jacobin inspiration supplanted the ancient absolute Italian states and almost all, with variants of colour, used flags characterised by three bands of equal size, clearly inspired by the French model of 1790. Some have attributed particular values to the colours, and a common interpretation is that the green represents the country's plains and the hills; white, the snow-capped Alps ; and red, blood spilt in the Wars of Italian Independence . A more religious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity; this references the three theological virtues
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Emblem Of Italy
The EMBLEM OF ITALY (Italian : emblema della Repubblica Italiana) was formally adopted by the newly formed Italian Republic
Italian Republic
on 5 May 1948. Although often referred to as a coat of arms (or stemma in Italian), it is technically an emblem as it was not designed to conform to traditional heraldic rules. The emblem comprises a white five-pointed star , with a thin red border, superimposed upon a five-spoked cogwheel , standing between an olive branch to the dexter side and an oak branch to the sinister side; the branches are in turn bound together by a red ribbon with the inscription REPVBBLICA ITALIANA. The emblem is used extensively by the Italian government . The armorial bearings of the House of Savoy , blazoned gules a cross argent, were previously in use by the former Kingdom of Italy
Italy
; the supporters , on either side a lion rampant Or, were replaced with fasci littori (literally bundles of the lictors ) during the fascist era . CONTENTS* 1 Kingdom of Italy
Italy
* 1.1 Italian Social Republic * 2 Italian Republic
Italian Republic
* 2.1 Description * 2.2 Armed forces * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links KINGDOM OF ITALY Full achievement of arms 1890–1929 and 1943–1946. Greater arms of the Kingdom of Italy, 1870–1890
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Il Canto Degli Italiani
"IL CANTO DEGLI ITALIANI" ( , "The Song / Chant of the Italians") is the national anthem of Italy
Italy
. It is best known among Italians
Italians
as "INNO DI MAMELI" ( , "Mameli's Hymn"), after the author of the lyrics, or "FRATELLI D\'ITALIA" ( , "Brothers of Italy"), from its opening line . The words were written in the autumn of 1847 in Genoa
Genoa
, by the then 20-year-old student and patriot Goffredo Mameli . Two months later, they were set to music in Turin
Turin
by another Genoese , Michele Novaro . The hymn enjoyed widespread popularity throughout the period of the Risorgimento and in the following decades. Nevertheless, after the Italian Unification
Italian Unification
in 1861, the adopted national anthem was the " Marcia Reale " (Royal March), the official hymn of the House of Savoy composed in 1831 by order of King Charles Albert of Sardinia . After the Second World War
Second World War
, Italy
Italy
became a republic , and on 12 October 1946, "Il Canto degli Italiani" was provisionally chosen as the country's new national anthem. This choice was made official in law only on 23 November 2012
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia. Europe is considered by historical convention as separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains , the Ural River , the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways of the Turkish Straits . Europe covers about 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth's surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 740 million (about 11% of world population ) as of 2015
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe . It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency . The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), established, respectively, by the 1951 Treaty of Paris and 1957 Treaty of Rome . The original members of what came to be known as the European Communities , were the Inner Six ; Belgium , France , Italy , Luxembourg , the Netherlands and West Germany
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Rome
ROME (/ˈroʊm/ _ROHM_ ; Italian : _Roma_ (_ listen ), Latin : Rōma_) is the capital of Italy and a special comune (named _ Comune di Roma Capitale_). Rome also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,877,215 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. It is the center of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula , within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber . The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city: for this reason Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. Rome\'s history spans more than 2,500 years. While Roman mythology dates the founding of Rome at around 753 BC, the site has been inhabited for much longer, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe. The city's early population originated from a mix of Latins , Etruscans and Sabines
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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ , who serves as the focal point of the Christian faith . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians . Christians make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah (the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament . Christian theology is summarized in creeds such as the Apostles\' Creed and Nicene Creed . These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered , died , was buried , descended into hell , and rose from the dead, in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins . The creeds further maintain that Jesus physically ascended into heaven, where he reigns with God the Father in the unity of the Holy Spirit , and that he will return to judge the living and the dead and grant eternal life to his followers. His incarnation , earthly ministry, crucifixion and resurrection are often referred to as "the gospel ", meaning "good news"
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Irreligion
IRRELIGION (adjective form: _non-religious_ or _irreligious_) is the absence, indifference, rejection of, or hostility towards religion . Irreligion may include some forms of theism , depending on the religious context it is defined against; for example, in 18th-century Europe, the epitome of irreligion was deism . According to the Pew Research Center 's 2012 global study of 230 countries and territories, only 16% of the world's population is not affiliated with a religion, while 84% are affiliated. . According to their projections, the non-religious, though temporarily increasing, will ultimately decline significantly by 2050 because of lower reproductive rates and ageing. CONTENTS * 1 Kinds of irreligion * 2 Human rights * 3 Non-denominational * 4 Demographics * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links KINDS OF IRRELIGION * Secular humanism embraces human reason, ethics, social justice, and philosophical naturalism while specifically rejecting religious dogma, supernaturalism, pseudoscience, and superstition as the bases of morality and decision making. Secular humanism posits that human beings are capable of being ethical and moral without religion or a god. * Freethought holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or other dogma
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Islam
ISLAM (/ˈɪslɑːm/ ) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion which professes that there is only one and incomparable God ( Allah ) and that Muhammad is the last messenger of God. It is the world\'s second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world , with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims . Muslims make up a majority of the population in 49 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful , all-powerful , unique , and has guided mankind through prophets , revealed scriptures and natural signs . The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran , viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the _sunnah _, composed of accounts called _hadith _) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE). Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam , Abraham , Moses , and Jesus . As for the Quran, Muslims consider it to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions , Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded paradise and unrighteous are punished in hell
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Buddhism
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada ( Pali <