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Fashion
FASHION is a popular style or practice, especially in clothing , footwear , accessories , makeup , body , or furniture. Fashion
Fashion
is a distinctive and often constant trend in the style in which a person dresses. It is the prevailing styles in behaviour and the newest creations of textile designers. Because the more technical term costume is regularly linked to the term "fashion", the use of the former has been relegated to special senses like fancy dress or masquerade wear, while "fashion" generally means clothing, including the study of it. Although aspects of fashion can be feminine or masculine, some trends are androgynous
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Central Asia
CENTRAL ASIA stretches from the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
in the west to China
China
in the east and from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in the south to Russia
Russia
in the north. It is also colloquially referred to as "the stans" as the countries generally considered to be within the region all have names ending with the Persian suffix " -stan ", meaning "land of". Central Asia
Asia
is sometimes referred to as Turkestan
Turkestan
. Central Asia
Asia
has a population of about 70 million, consisting of five republics: Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(pop
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Far East
The FAR EAST is an alternate geographical term in English (with equivalents in many other languages – see the infobox on the right for examples), that usually refers to East Asia
East Asia
(including Northeast Asia
Asia
), the Russian Far East
Russian Far East
(part of North Asia ), and Southeast Asia . South Asia
South Asia
is sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons. Since the 1960s, East Asia
East Asia
has become the most common term for the region in international mass media outlets. Far East
East
is often deprecated as archaic and Eurocentric , along with the terms "Near East
East
" and " Middle East
Middle East
"
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Turkic Peoples
Islam ( Sunni · Nondenominational Muslims · Cultural Muslim · Quranist Muslim · Alevi · Twelver Shia · Ja\'fari ) Christianity (Eastern Orthodox Christianity ) Judaism (Djudios Turkos · Sabbataists · Karaites ) Irreligion ( Agnosticism · Atheism ) Buddhism , Animism , Tengrism , Shamanism , Mani The TURKIC PEOPLES are a collection of ethnic groups that live in central, eastern, northern, and western Asia as well as parts of eastern Europe. They speak languages belonging to the Turkic language family . They share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits and historical backgrounds
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Córdoba, Spain
CóRDOBA (/ˈkɔːrdəbə/ , Spanish: ), also called CORDOVA (/ˈkɔːrdəvə/ ) in English , is a city in Andalusia , southern Spain
Spain
, and the capital of the province of Córdoba . It was a Roman settlement. It was colonized by Muslim armies in the eighth century, and then became the capital of the Islamic Emirate and then Caliphate of Córdoba , including most of the Iberian Peninsula . Caliph Al Hakam II opened many libraries in addition to the many medical schools and universities which existed at the time, making Córdoba a centre for education. During these centuries became the center of a society ruled by Muslims. It returned to Christian rule in 1236, during the Reconquista . Today it is a moderately sized modern city; its population in 2011 was about 330,000
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Caliphate
A CALIPHATE ( Arabic
Arabic
: خِلافة‎‎ khilāfa) is a territory under the leadership of an Islamic steward known as a CALIPH (/ˈkælɪf, ˈkeɪ-/ , Arabic
Arabic
: خَليفة‎‎ khalīfah, pronunciation (help ·info )), a person considered a religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
( Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn ʿAbdullāh ) and a leader of the entire Muslim
Muslim
community . Historically, the caliphates were polities based in Islam
Islam
which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, three major caliphates existed: the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661), the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) and the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258)
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Moorish Spain
AL-ANDALUS (Arabic : الأنْدَلُس‎‎, trans. al-ʼAndalus; Spanish : al-Ándalus; Portuguese : al-Ândalus; Catalan : al-Àndalus; Berber : Andalus), also known as MUSLIM SPAIN or ISLAMIC IBERIA, was a medieval Muslim territory and cultural domain occupying at its peak most of what are today Spain and Portugal. At its greatest geographical extent in the 8th century, southern France—Septimania —was briefly under its control. The name more generally describes parts of the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
governed by Muslims
Muslims
(given the generic name of Moors
Moors
) at various times between 711 and 1492, though the boundaries changed constantly as the Christian Reconquista
Reconquista
progressed, eventually shrinking to the south around modern-day Andalusia
Andalusia
and then to the Emirate of Granada
Emirate of Granada

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Calf (anatomy)
The CALF ( Latin
Latin
: SURA) is the back portion of the lower leg in human anatomy . The muscles within the calf correspond to the posterior compartment of the leg . The two largest muscles within this compartment are known together as the calf muscle and attach to the heel via the Achilles tendon
Achilles tendon
. Several other, smaller muscles attach to the knee , the ankle , and via long tendons to the toes . CONTENTS * 1 Structure * 2 Clinical significance * 3 Society and culture * 3.1 Training * 4 History * 4.1 Etymology * 5 See also * 6 References STRUCTURE THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (February 2014)The calf is composed of the muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg : The gastrocnemius and soleus (composing the triceps surae muscle ) and the tibialis posterior . The sural nerve provides innervation
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Art History
ART HISTORY is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre , design , format, and style . This includes the "major" arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture as well as the "minor" arts of ceramics, furniture, and other decorative objects. As a term, art history (its product being history of art ) encompasses several methods of studying the visual arts ; in common usage referring to works of art and architecture. Aspects of the discipline overlap. As the art historian Ernst Gombrich once observed, "the field of art history much like Caesar 's Gaul
Gaul
, divided in three parts inhabited by three different, though not necessarily hostile tribes: (i) the connoisseurs , (ii) the critics , and (iii) the academic art historians"
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Nuremberg
NUREMBERG (/ˈnjʊərəmbɜːrɡ/ ; German: Nürnberg; pronounced ( listen ) ) is a city on the river Pegnitz and on the Rhine–Main–Danube Canal
Rhine–Main–Danube Canal
in the German state of Bavaria
Bavaria
, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia , about 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Munich
Munich
. It is the second-largest city in Bavaria
Bavaria
(after Munich), and the largest in Franconia
Franconia
(German : Franken). As of February 2015 it had a population of 517,498, making it Germany
Germany
's fourteenth-largest city. The urban area also includes Fürth , Erlangen
Erlangen
and Schwabach , with a total population of 763,854. As of 2016 the "European Metropolitan Area Nuremberg" had approximately 3.5 million inhabitants
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Military
A MILITARY, is a force authorized to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state and some or all of its citizens. It typically consists of an Army
Army
, Navy
Navy
, Air Force , and in certain countries the Marines
Marines
and Coast Guard . The task of the military is usually defined as defense of the state, and its citizens, and the prosecution of war against another state. The military may also have additional sanctioned and non-sanctioned functions within a society, including, the promotion of a political agenda , protecting corporate economic interests, internal population control , construction, emergency services, social ceremonies, and guarding important areas
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Albrecht Dürer
ALBRECHT DüRER (/ˈdʊərər, ˈdjʊərər/ ; German: ; 21 May 1471 – 6 April 1528) was a painter , printmaker , and theorist of the German Renaissance
German Renaissance
. Born in Nuremberg
Nuremberg
, Dürer established his reputation and influence across Europe when he was still in his twenties due to his high-quality woodcut prints . He was in communication with the major Italian artists of his time, including Raphael
Raphael
, Giovanni Bellini
Giovanni Bellini
and Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
, and from 1512 he was patronized by emperor Maximilian I . Dürer is commemorated by both the Lutheran and Episcopal Churches
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Peasant
A PEASANT is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer , especially one living in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord. In Europe, peasants were divided into three classes according to their personal status: slave , serf , and free tenant. Peasants either hold title to land in fee simple , or hold land by any of several forms of land tenure , among them socage , quit-rent , leasehold , and copyhold . The word "peasant" is—and long has been—often used pejoratively to refer to poor or landless farmers and agricultural workers, especially in the poorer countries of the world in which the agricultural labor force makes up a large percentage of the population. The implication of the term is that the "peasant" is uneducated, ignorant, and unfamiliar with the more sophisticated mannerisms of the urban population
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Early Modern Europe
EARLY MODERN EUROPE is the period of European history
European history
between the end of the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
, roughly the late 15th century to the late 18th century
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Bourgeoisie
The BOURGEOISIE (Eng.: /bʊərʒwɑːˈziː/ ; French pronunciation: ​ ) is a polysemous French term that can mean: Part of a series on MARXISM Theoretical works * Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 * Theses on Feuerbach * The German Ideology * The Communist Manifesto * The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon * Grundrisse der Kritik der Polit
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Ming Dynasty
The MING DYNASTY was the ruling dynasty of China
China
– then known as the GREAT MING EMPIRE – for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol -led Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
. The Ming, described by Edwin O. Reischauer , John K. Fairbank and Albert M. Craig as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last imperial dynasty in China
China
ruled by ethnic Han Chinese . Although the primary capital of Beijing
Beijing
fell in 1644 to a rebellion led by Li Zicheng (who established the Shun dynasty , soon replaced by the Manchu -led Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
), regimes loyal to the Ming throne – collectively called the Southern Ming
Southern Ming
– survived until 1683
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