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Eurotiomycetes
The EUROTIOMYCETES are a class of ascomycetes within the subphylum Pezizomycotina
Pezizomycotina
. Some members of the Eurotiomycetes
Eurotiomycetes
were previously grouped in the class Plectomycetes . CONTENTS * 1 Nomenclature * 2 Morphology * 3 References * 4 External links NOMENCLATUREThe scientific classification for this particular class is particularly tricky, with one particular species having both the anamorph , and teleomorph names used in reference to them. * e.g. anamorph form = Penicillium
Penicillium
; teleomorph form = Talaromyces or Eupenicillium . MORPHOLOGYMany members (Eurotiales, Onygenales) produce an enclosed structure cleistothecium within which they produce their spores. REFERENCES * ^ N. Gunde-Cimerman; A. Oren; A. Plemenitaš, eds. (2006). Adaptation to Life at High Salt Concentrations in Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya
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Wikidata
WIKIDATA is a collaboratively edited knowledge base operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . It is intended to provide a common source of data which can be used by Wikimedia projects such as , and by anyone else, under a public domain licence. This is similar to the way Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
provides storage for media files and access to those files for all Wikimedia projects, and which are also freely available for reuse. Wikidata
Wikidata
is powered by the software Wikibase . CONTENTS * 1 Concepts * 2 Development history * 2.1 Phase 1 * 2.2 Phase 2 * 2.3 Phase 3 * 3 Reception * 4 Logo * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links CONCEPTS Screenshots Three statements from Wikidata\'s item on the planet Mars. Values include links to other items and to Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons

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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy
Linnaean taxonomy
for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
The GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FACILITY (GBIF) is an international organisation that focuses on making scientific data on biodiversity available via the Internet using web services . The data are provided by many institutions from around the world; GBIF's information architecture makes these data accessible and searchable through a single portal. Data available through the GBIF portal are primarily distribution data on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes for the world, and scientific names data. The mission of the Global Biodiversity information Facility (GBIF) is to facilitate free and open access to biodiversity data worldwide to underpin sustainable development
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * _Special_ (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials , a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on _The Blind Leading the Naked _ * "Special", a song on _ The Documentary _ album by GameFILM AND TELEVISION * Special (lighting) , a stage light that is used for a single, s
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Teleomorph
In mycology , the terms TELEOMORPH, ANAMORPH, and HOLOMORPH apply to portions of the life cycles of fungi in the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota : * TELEOMORPH: the sexual reproductive stage (morph), typically a fruiting body * ANAMORPH: an asexual reproductive stage (morph), often mold -like; When a single fungus produces multiple morphologically distinct anamorphs, these are called SYNANAMORPHS. * HOLOMORPH: the whole fungus, including anamorphs and teleomorph.CONTENTS * 1 Dual naming of fungi * 2 From dual system to single nomenclature * 3 One fungus, one name * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links DUAL NAMING OF FUNGI Fungi are classified primarily based on the structures associated with sexual reproduction , which tend to be conserved. However, many fungi reproduce only asexually, and cannot be easily placed in a classification based on sexual characters; some produce both asexual and sexual states
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Cleistothecium
An ASCOCARP, or ASCOMA (plural: ASCOMATA), is the fruiting body (sporocarp ) of an ascomycete phylum fungus. It consists of very tightly interwoven hyphae and may contain millions of asci , each of which typically contains four to eight ascospores . Ascocarps are most commonly bowl-shaped (apothecia) but may take a spherical (cleistothecia) or flask-like (perithecia) form. CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 Apothecium * 3 Cleistothecium * 4 Gymnothecium * 5 Perithecium * 6 Pseudothecium * 7 See also * 8 References CLASSIFICATION TISSUE ARRANGEMENT. Peridium is indicated in pink. Note the cylindrical asci on the left types, and the globose asci on types. RELATIVE SIZES of various ascomatal types. Schematic diagrams of ascomatal types (left-right in each figure): apothecium, perithecium/ pseudothecium, cleistothecium/ gymnothecium. The ascocarp is classified according to its placement (in ways not fundamental to the basic taxonomy)
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INaturalist
INATURALIST is a citizen science project and online social network of naturalists , citizen scientists, and biologists built on the concept of mapping and sharing observations of biodiversity across the globe. Observations may be added via the website or from a mobile application . The observations provide valuable open data to a variety of scientific research projects, museums, botanic gardens, parks, and other organizations. Users of iNaturalist have contributed near six million observations since its founding in 2008, and the project has been called "a standard-bearer for natural history mobile applications." CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Participation * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYiNaturalist.org began in 2008 as a UC Berkeley School of Information Master's final project of Nate Agrin, Jessica Kline, and Ken-ichi Ueda. Nate Agrin and Ken-ichi Ueda continued work on the site with Sean McGregor, a web developer
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Index Fungorum
INDEX FUNGORUM is an international project to index all formal names (scientific names ) in the Fungus Kingdom . As of 2015 the project is based at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew , one of three partners along with Landcare Research and the Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences . It is somewhat comparable to the International Plant Names Index (IPNI), in which the Royal Botanic Gardens is also involved. A difference is that where IPNI does not indicate correct names , the Index Fungorum does indicate the status of a name. In the returns from the search page a currently correct name is indicated in green, while others are in blue (a few, aberrant usages of names are indicated in red). All names are linked to pages giving the correct name, with lists of synonyms
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Opisthokont
The OPISTHOKONTS (Greek : ὀπίσθιος (opísthios) = "rear, posterior" + κοντός (kontós) = "pole" i.e. "flagellum") are a broad group of eukaryotes , including both the animal and fungus kingdoms , together with the eukaryotic microorganisms that are sometimes grouped in the paraphyletic phylum Choanozoa (conventionally assigned to the protist "kingdom"). The opisthokonts, sometimes referred to as the "Fungi/ Metazoa
Metazoa
group", are generally recognized as a monophyletic clade . CONTENTS * 1 Flagella * 2 History * 3 Taxonomy * 4 Gallery * 5 References * 6 External links FLAGELLAOne common characteristic of opisthokonts is that flagellate cells, such as the sperm of most animals and the spores of the chytrid fungi , propel themselves with a single posterior flagellum. It is this feature that gives the group its name
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Domain (biology)
Eukaryota
Eukaryota
(represented by the Australian green tree frog
Australian green tree frog
, left), Bacteria
Bacteria
(represented by Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus aureus
, middle) and Archaea (represented by Sulfolobus
Sulfolobus
, right). The hierarchy of biological classification 's eight major taxonomic ranks . Life
Life
is divided into domains, which are subdivided into further groups. Intermediate minor rankings are not shown. In biological taxonomy , a DOMAIN ( Latin
Latin
: regio ), also SUPERKINGDOM or EMPIRE, is the highest taxonomic rank of organisms in the three-domain system of taxonomy designed by Carl Woese , an American microbiologist and biophysicist
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Geoglossomycetes
GEOGLOSSACEAE is a family of fungi in the order GEOGLOSSALES, class GEOGLOSSOMYCETES. These fungi are broadly known as EARTH TONGUES. The ascocarps of most species in the family Geoglossaceae are terrestrial and are generally small, dark in color, and club-shaped with a height of 2–8 cm. The ascospores are typically light-brown to dark-brown and are often multiseptate. Other species of fungi have been known to parasitize ascocarps. The use of a compound microscope is needed for accurate identification. SYSTEMATICS Geoglossum difforme Geoglossum simile Geoglossum sphagnophilum Geoglossum cookeanum , G. glabrum Geoglossum umbratile Geoglossum nigritum Geoglossum barlae Trichoglossum (T. hirsutum , T
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World Register Of Marine Species
The WORLD REGISTER OF MARINE SPECIES (WORMS) is a database that aims to provide an authoritative and comprehensive list of names of marine organisms. CONTENTS * 1 Contents * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links CONTENTSThe content of the registry is edited and maintained by scientific specialists on each group of organism. These taxonomists control the quality of the information, which is gathered from malacological journals and several regional and taxon-specific databases. WoRMS maintains valid names of all marine organisms, but also provides information on synonyms and invalid names. It will be an ongoing task to maintain the registry, as new species are constantly being discovered and described by scientists. In addition, the nomenclature and taxonomy of existing species is often corrected or changed as new research is constantly being published. HISTORYWoRMS was founded in 2008 and grew out of the European Register of Marine Species
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National Center For Biotechnology Information
The NATIONAL CENTER FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY INFORMATION (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The NCBI is located in Bethesda, Maryland and was founded in 1988 through legislation sponsored by Senator Claude Pepper . The NCBI houses a series of databases relevant to biotechnology and biomedicine and is an important resource for bioinformatics