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The Info List - Pezizomycotina



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PEZIZOMYCOTINA contains the filamentous ascomycetes and is a subdivision of the ASCOMYCOTA (fungi that form their spores in a sac-like _ascus_). It is more or less synonymous with the older taxon EUASCOMYCOTA. These fungi reproduce by fission rather than budding and this subdivision includes almost all the ascus fungi that have fruiting bodies visible to the naked eye (exception: genus _Neolecta _, which belongs to the Taphrinomycotina ).

See the taxobox for a list of the classes that make up the Pezizomycotina. The old class Loculoascomycetes (consisting of all the bitunicate Ascomycota) has been replaced by the two classes EUROTIOMYCETES and DOTHIDEOMYCETES . The rest of the Pezizomycotina also include the previously defined hymenial groups Discomycetes (now LEOTIOMYCETES ) and Pyrenomycetes (SORDARIOMYCETES ).

_ Paleopyrenomycites _ from the Early Devonian Rhynie Chert is the oldest known fossil member of Pezizomycotina, although its position within this subdivision is unclear.

REFERENCES

* ^ Eriksson, O.E. & K. Winka (1997). "Supraordinal taxa of _Ascomycota_". _Myconet_. 1: 1–16. * ^ Spatafora, JW; Sung, G-H; Johnson, D; Hesse, C; O'Rourke, B; Serdani, M; Spotts, R; Lutzoni, F; Hofstetter, V; Miadlikowska, J; Reeb, V; Gueidan, C; Fraker, E; Lumbsch, T; Lücking, R; Schmitt, I; Hosaka, K; Aptroot, A; Roux, C; Miller, AN; Geiser, DM; Hafellner, J; Hestmark, G; Arnold, AE; Büdel, B; Rauhut, A; Hewitt, D; Untereiner, WA; Cole, MS; Scheidegger, C; Schultz, M; Sipman, H; Schoch, CL (2006). "A five-gene phylogeny of Pezizomycotina". _Mycologia_. 98: 1018–1028. doi :10.3852/mycologia.98.6.1018 . * ^ Beimforde, C.; Feldberg, K.; Nylinder, S.; Rikkinen, J.; Tuovila, H.; Dörfelt, H.; Gube, M.; Jackson, D. J.; Reitner, J.; Seyfullah, L. J.; Schmidt, A. R. (2014). "Estimating the Phanerozoic history of the Ascomycota lineages: Combining fossil and molecular data". _Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution_. 78: 386–398. PMID 24792086 . doi :10.1016/j.ympev.2014.04.024 .

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