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Dykh-Tau
DYKH-TAU or DYKHTAU (Russian : Дыхтау, Karachay-Balkar : Дых тау that is derived from Turkic "dik dagh" which means Jagged Mount), is a mountain located in Kabardino-Balkaria
Kabardino-Balkaria
, Russia
Russia
; its peak stands about 5 km (3 mi) north of the border with Georgia . Dykh-Tau
Dykh-Tau
is the second highest of the Caucasus Mountains
Caucasus Mountains
, after Mount Elbrus , and is the second highest mountain in Europe. CONTENTS * 1 Access * 2 Climbing routes * 3 Mapping * 4 References * 5 External links ACCESS Dykh-Tau
Dykh-Tau
is best accessed from the north (Russia). Bezingi village may be reached from Nalchik in Kabardino-Balkaria
Kabardino-Balkaria
with infrequent public transport, here a 4WD vehicle must be hired. Thus Bezingi Alpine Camp is reached at 2180m
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Karachay-Balkar Language
Russia
Russia
* Karachay-Cherkessia * Kabardino-Balkaria
Kabardino-Balkaria
LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-2 krc ISO 639-3 krc GLOTTOLOG kara1465 THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA . Koran Karachay-Balkar language
Karachay-Balkar language
version The KARACHAY-BALKAR language (Къарачай-Малкъар тил, Qaraçay-Malqar til or Таулу тил, Tawlu til) is a Turkic language spoken by the Karachays
Karachays
and Balkars
Balkars

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Russian Language
RUSSIAN (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularity in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, the Baltics , the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and Central Asia
Central Asia
). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states
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Topographic Map
In modern mapping, a TOPOGRAPHIC MAP is a type of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief , usually using contour lines , but historically using a variety of methods . Traditional definitions require a topographic map to show both natural and man-made features. A topographic map is typically published as a map series , made up of two or more map sheets that combine to form the whole map. A contour line is a line connecting places of equal elevation. Natural Resources Canada provides this description of topographic maps: These maps depict in detail ground relief (landforms and terrain), drainage (lakes and rivers), forest cover, administrative areas, populated areas, transportation routes and facilities (including roads and railways), and other man-made features
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Turkic Languages
The TURKIC LANGUAGES are a language family of at least thirty-five languages, spoken by Turkic peoples
Turkic peoples
from Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
to Siberia
Siberia
and Western China
China
. The Turkic languages originated in a region of East Asia spanning Western China
China
to Mongolia, where Proto-Turkic is thought to have been spoken, according to one estimate, around 2,500 years ago, from where they expanded to Central Asia
Central Asia
and farther west during the first millennium. Turkic languages
Turkic languages
are spoken as a native language by some 170 million people, and the total number of Turkic speakers, including second-language speakers, is over 200 million
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Mountain
A MOUNTAIN is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill . Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism . These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers , weather conditions , and glaciers . A few mountains are isolated summits , but most occur in huge mountain ranges . High elevations on mountains produce colder climates than at sea level . These colder climates strongly affect the ecosystems of mountains: different elevations have different plants and animals . Because of the less hospitable terrain and climate, mountains tend to be used less for agriculture and more for resource extraction and recreation, such as mountain climbing
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Summit
A SUMMIT is a point on a surface that is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. Mathematically , a summit is a local maximum in elevation. The topographic terms "acme", "apex", "peak" , and "zenith " are synonymous . CONTENTS* 1 Definition * 1.1 Western United States * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links DEFINITIONThe term "top" is generally used only for a mountain peck with some significant amount of topographic prominence (height above the lowest point end route to the nearest higher peak) or topographic isolation (distance from the nearest point of higher elevation); for example, a big massive rock next to the main summit of a mountain is not considered a summit. Summits near a higher peak, with some prominence or isolation, but not reaching a certain cutoff value for the quantities, are often considered subsummits (or subpeaks) of the higher peak, and are considered as part of the same mountain
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Mountain Range
A MOUNTAIN RANGE or HILL RANGE is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A MOUNTAIN SYSTEM or MOUNTAIN BELT is a group of mountain ranges with similarity in form, structure and alignment that have arisen from the same cause, usually an orogeny . Mountain
Mountain
ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth
Earth
are the result of plate tectonics . Mountain
Mountain
ranges are also found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System
Solar System
and are likely a feature of most terrestrial planets . Mountain
Mountain
ranges are usually segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys . Individual mountains within the same mountain range do not necessarily have the same geologic structure or petrology
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Georgia (country)
LUA ERROR IN MW.WIKIBASE.ENTITY.LUA AT LINE 37: DATA.SCHEMAVERSION MUST BE A NUMBER, GOT NIL INSTEAD
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Topographic Isolation
The TOPOGRAPHIC ISOLATION of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation , representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point. It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks , and can even be calculated for submarine summits. CONTENTS * 1 Isolation table * 2 Examples * 3 Gallery * 4 See also * 5 External links ISOLATION TABLEThe following sortable table lists the Earth's 40 most topographically isolated summits
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List Of Mountain Lists
There are many notable MOUNTAIN LISTS around the world. Typically, a list of mountains becomes notable by first being listed or defined by an author or group (e.g. Sir Hugh Munro defining the Munros in Scotland
Scotland
). This list then becomes a popular target for peak bagging , where a number of people attempt to climb all of the peaks in the list. Alternatively, a list of mountains may become notable in the mountaineering community as a challenge. An example of such a challenge list is the Seven Summits defined by Richard Bass
Richard Bass
. Examples of notable lists of mountains are shown below
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Ultra Prominent Peak
An ULTRA-PROMINENT PEAK, or ULTRA for short, is defined as a mountain summit with a topographic prominence of 1,500 metres (4,921 ft) or more. There are approximately 1,524 such peaks on Earth. Some peaks, such as the Matterhorn
Matterhorn
and Eiger , are not Ultras because they are connected to higher mountains by high cols and therefore do not achieve enough topographic prominence. The term "Ultra" originated with earth scientist Stephen Fry, from his studies of the prominence of peaks in Washington in the 1980s. His original term was "ultra major mountain", referring to peaks with at least 5,000 ft (1,524 m) of prominence
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Topographic Prominence
In topography , PROMINENCE characterizes the height of a mountain or hill's summit by the vertical distance between it and the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it. It is a measure of the independence of a summit . A peak's key col is a unique point on this contour line and the PARENT PEAK is some higher mountain, selected according to various objective criteria. CONTENTS * 1 Definitions * 2 Illustration * 3 In mountaineering * 4 Parent peak * 4.1 Encirclement or island parentage * 4.2 Prominence parentage * 4.3 Line parentage * 4.4 Other criteria * 5 Issues in choice of summit and key col * 6 Interesting prominence situations * 7 Calculations and mathematics * 8 Wet prominence and dry prominence * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 External links DEFINITIONS Figure 1. Vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island
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