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Duchy Of Bavaria
The Duchy of Bavaria
Bavaria
(German: Herzogtum Bayern) was, from the sixth through the eighth century, a frontier region in the southeastern part of the Merovingian
Merovingian
kingdom. It was settled by Bavarian tribes and ruled by dukes (duces) under Frankish overlordship. A new duchy was created from this area during the decline of the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
in the late ninth century. It became one of the stem duchies of the East Frankish realm which evolved as the Kingdom of Germany
Kingdom of Germany
and the Holy Roman Empire. During internal struggles of the ruling Ottonian dynasty, the Bavarian territory was considerably diminished by the separation of the newly established Duchy of Carinthia
Duchy of Carinthia
in 976. Between 1070 and 1180 the Holy Roman Emperors were again strongly opposed by Bavaria, especially by the ducal House of Welf
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Merovingian
The Merovingians (/ˌmɛroʊˈvɪndʒiən/) were a Salian Frankish dynasty that ruled the Franks
Franks
for nearly 300 years in a region known as Francia
Francia
in Latin, beginning in the middle of the 5th century. Their territory largely corresponded to ancient Gaul
Gaul
as well as the Roman provinces of Raetia, Germania Superior
Germania Superior
and the southern part of Germania. Childeric I
Childeric I
(c
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Garibald I Of Bavaria
Garibald I (also Garivald; Latin: Garibaldus; born 540) was Duke (or King) of Bavaria from 555 until 591.[1] He stands at the head of the Agilolfings
Agilolfings
and the Bavarian Dynasty that ruled the Kingdom of the Lombards. Biography[edit] After the death of the Merovingian king Theudebald
Theudebald
of Austrasia, his successor Chlothar I
Chlothar I
had "begun to have intercourse with"[2] his widow Waldrada (531–572), daughter of the Lombard king Wacho. Chlothar's bishops objected, so he gave Waldrada to Garibald to marry in 556. Not only did this grant Garibald prestige, but it created lasting political ties between the Bavarii
Bavarii
and the Lombards
Lombards
of Pannonia
Pannonia
and Bohemia
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography
German orthography
regulated by the Council for German Orthography[4]). Language
Language
codesISO 639-1 deISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T)ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh&#
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Slovenia
Coordinates: 46°07′N 14°49′E / 46.117°N 14.817°E / 46.117; 14.817Republic of Slovenia Republika Slovenija  (Slovene)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: Zdravljica  A Toast[i]Location of  Slovenia  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)Capital and largest city Ljubljana 46°03′N 14°30′E / 46.050°N 14.500°E / 46.050; 14.500Official languages Slovene[ii]Ethnic groups (2002[4])83% Slovenes 2% Serbs 2% Croats 1% Bosniaks 12% others (including Istrian Italians) / unspecifiedReligion Predominantly ChristianDemonym SloveneGovernment Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic• PresidentBorut Pahor• Prime MinisterMiro Cerar[5]Legislature Parliament• Upper houseNational Council•
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Italy
Coordinates: 43°N 12°E / 43°N 12°E / 43; 12Italian Republic Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)FlagEmblemAnthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian) "The Song of the Italians"Location of  Italy  (dark green) – in Europe  (light green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Rome 41°54′N 12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483Official languages ItalianaNative languages see full listReligion83.3% Christians 12.4% irreligious 3.7% Muslims 0.2% Buddhists 0.1% Hindus 0.3% other religions[1]Demonym ItalianGovernment Unitary constitutional parliamentary republic• PresidentSergio Mattarella• Prime MinisterPaolo Gentiloni• President of the SenateElisabetta Casellati•&
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Austria
Coordinates: 47°20′N 13°20′E / 47.333°N 13.333°E / 47.333; 13.333 Republic
Republic
of Austria Republik Österreich  (German)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: Land der Berge, Land am Strome  (German) Land of Mountains, Land by the RiverLocation of  Austria  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Vienna 48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.200°N 16.350°E / 48.200; 16.350Official languages German[a][b]
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House Of Welf
The House of Welf
House of Welf
(also Guelf or Guelph[1]) was a European dynasty that has included many German and British monarchs from the 11th to 20th century and Emperor Ivan VI of Russia
Ivan VI of Russia
<

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Albert IV Of Bavaria
Duke Albert IV of Bavaria- Munich
Munich
(15 December 1447, Munich
Munich
– 18 March 1508, Munich), (German: Albrecht IV., der Weise, Herzog von Bayern), from 1467 Duke of Bavaria-Munich, from 1503 Duke of the reunited Bavaria.Contents1 Biography 2 Family and children 3 Ancestors 4 ReferencesBiography[edit]Glass window „Duke Albert IV. and St. John“ from Prüll abbey, today in Bavarian National MuseumAlbert was a son of Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
Albert III, Duke of Bavaria
and Anna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-Einbeck. After the death of his older brother John IV, Duke of Bavaria he gave up his spiritual career and returned from Pavia
Pavia
to Munich
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Henry The Lion
Henry the Lion
Henry the Lion
(German: Heinrich der Löwe; 1129/1131[1] – 6 August 1195[1]) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony, as Henry III, from 1142, and Duke of Bavaria, as Henry XII, from 1156, the duchies of which he held until 1180. He was one of the most powerful German princes of his time, until the rival Hohenstaufen dynasty succeeded in isolating him and eventually deprived him of his duchies of Bavaria and Saxony during the reign of his cousin Frederick I Barbarossa and of Frederick's son and successor Henry VI. At the height of his reign, Henry ruled over a vast territory stretching from the coast of the North and Baltic Seas to the Alps, and from Westphalia
Westphalia
to Pomerania
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Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick I (German: Friedrich I, Italian: Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Italian: Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
from 1155 until his death. He was elected King of Germany
King of Germany
at Frankfurt
Frankfurt
on 4  March 1152 and crowned in Aachen
Aachen
on 9 March 1152. He became King of Italy
King of Italy
in 1155 and was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian  IV on 18 June 1155. Two years later, the term sacrum ("holy") first appeared in a document in connection with his Empire.[1] He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles
Arles
on 30 June 1178
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Danube
The Danube
Danube
or Donau (/ˈdænjuːb/ DAN-yoob, known by various names in other languages) is Europe's second longest river, after the Volga. It is located in Central and Eastern Europe. The Danube
Danube
was once a long-standing frontier of the Roman Empire, and today flows through 10 countries, more than any other river in the world. Originating in Germany, the Danube
Danube
flows southeast for 2,860 km (1,780 mi), passing through or touching the border of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova
Moldova
and Ukraine
Ukraine
before emptying into the Black Sea. Its drainage basin extends into nine more countries
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Principality Of Hungary
The Principality of Hungary[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] or Duchy of Hungary[8][9] (Hungarian: Magyar Nagyfejedelemség: "Hungarian Grand Principality")[10] was the earliest documented Hungarian state in the Carpathian Basin, established 895 or 896,[11][12][13][14][15] following the 9th century Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin. The Hungarians, a semi-nomadic people forming a tribal alliance[13][16][17][18] led by Árpád, arrived from Etelköz
Etelköz
which was their earlier principality east of the Carpathians.[19] During the period, the power of the Hungarian Grand Prince seemed to be decreasing irrespective of the success of the Hungarian military raids across Europe. The tribal territories, ruled by Hungarian warlords (chieftains), became semi-independent polities (e.g. domains of Gyula the Younger in Transylvania). These territories got united again only under the rule of St Stephen. The semi-nomadic Hungarian population adopted settled life
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Medieval Europe
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
(or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and merged into the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages
Middle Ages
is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, invasion, and movement of peoples, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire
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Feudal Monarchy
Feudalism
Feudalism
was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries
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Altbayern
Altbayern
Altbayern
(also written Altbaiern, English: "Old Bavaria") is the territory and people of the three oldest parts of the Free State of Bavaria, which were earlier known as Kurbayern after the former Electorate of Bavaria. Altbayern
Altbayern
in red in a modern map Altbayern
Altbayern
mainly consists of the following Bavarian Regierungsbezirke (administrative regions):Upper Bavaria
Bavaria
(Oberbayern) Lower Bavaria
Bavaria
(Niederbayern) Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
(Oberpfalz)Since the term Altbayern
Altbayern
is based on the cultural difference compared to Franconia
Franconia
(i.e. Upper, Middle and Lower Franconia) as well as with Swabia
Swabia
(i.e
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