REGENSBURG (German pronunciation: ( listen ); Latin :
Castra-Regina; Czech : Řezno; French : Ratisbonne; older English:
Ratisbon) is a city in south-east
Germany , situated at the confluence
Naab and Regen rivers. With over 140,000 inhabitants,
Regensburg is the fourth-largest city in the State of
Augsburg . The city is the political , economic
and cultural centre of Eastern
Bavaria and the capital of the Bavarian
Upper Palatinate .
The medieval centre of the city is a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site and a
testimony of the city's status as cultural centre of southern Germany
Middle Ages . In 2014,
Regensburg was among the top sights and
travel attractions in Germany. Generally known in English as Ratisbon
until well into the twentieth century, the city is known as Ratisbonne
in French and as Ratisbona in Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Catalan
* 1 History
* 1.1 Early history
* 1.3 Modern history
World War II
World War II
* 1.5 History after 1945
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Topography
* 3 Main sights
* 3.1 The city
* 3.2 The surrounding
* 4 Culture
* 4.1 Museums and exhibitions
* 4.2 Theaters
* 4.3 Music
* 4.4 Film and cinema
* 4.5 Buildings
* 4.6 Recreation
* 4.7 Memorial sites
* 4.8 Events
* 5 Demographics
* 5.1 Population
* 5.2 International communities
* 5.3 Religion
* 6 Politics
* 6.1 Government
* 6.2 Boroughs
* 6.3 Twin towns – Sister cities
* 7 Economy
* 7.1 Companies
* 8.1 Transport
* 8.2 Energy
* 8.3 Health
* 9 Education
* 9.1 Universities and academia
* 9.2 Research
* 9.3 Schools
* 10 Sports
* 10.1 Football
* 10.4 Athletics
* 11 Notable residents
* 12 Gallery
* 13 See also
* 14 Notes
* 15 References
* 16 External links
The remains of the East Tower of the Porta Praetoria of Roman
The first settlements in
Regensburg date from the
Stone Age . The
Celtic name RADASBONA was the oldest given to a settlement near the
present city. Around AD 90, the Romans built a fort there.
In 179, a new Roman fort CASTRA REGINA ("fortress by the river
Regen") was built for
Legio III Italica during the reign of Emperor
Marcus Aurelius . It was an important camp on the most northerly
point of the Danube: it corresponds to what is today the core of
Regensburg's Old City or Altstadt east of the Obere and Untere
Bachgasse and West of the Schwanenplatz. It is believed that as early
as in late Roman times the city was the seat of a bishop, and St
Boniface re-established the
Bishopric of Regensburg in 739.
From the early 6th century,
Regensburg was the seat of a ruling
family known as the
Agilolfings . From about 530 to the first half of
the 13th century, it was the capital of Bavaria.
an important city during the reign of
Charlemagne . In 792, Regensburg
hosted the ecclesiastical section of Charlemagne's General Assembly,
the bishops in council who condemned the heresy of adoptionism taught
by their Spanish counterparts,
Elipandus of Toledo and Felix of Urgel
. After the partition of the Carolingian Empire in 843, the city
became the seat of the Eastern Frankish ruler, Louis II the German.
Two years later, fourteen Bohemian princes came to
receive baptism there. This was the starting point of Christianization
Czechs , and the diocese of
Regensburg became the mother
diocese of that of
Prague . These events had a wide impact on the
cultural history of the Czech lands, as they were consequently part of
Roman Catholic and not the Slavic-Orthodox world . A memorial
plate at St John's Church (the alleged place of the baptism) was
unveiled a few years ago, commemorating the incident in the Czech and
On 8 December 899
Arnulf of Carinthia
Arnulf of Carinthia , descendant of
Regensburg (known as Ratisbon at the time),
Bavaria , Germany
In 800 AD the city had 23,000 inhabitants and by 1000 AD this had
almost doubled to 40,000 people.
In 1096, on the way to the
First Crusade ,
Peter the Hermit led a mob
Crusaders that attempted to force the mass conversion of the Jews
Regensburg and killed all those who resisted.
the 16th century
Between 1135 and 1146, the Stone Bridge across the
Danube was built
at Regensburg. This bridge opened major international trade routes
between northern Europe and
Venice , and this began Regensburg's
golden age as a residence of wealthy trading families. Regensburg
became the cultural centre of southern
Germany and was celebrated for
its gold work and fabrics.
Imperial City of Regensburg
Regensburg (German )
Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City of the Holy
Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit)a
City annexed by
City adopted Reformation
Made permanent seat of the Imperial Diet
Mediatised to new Archbishopric 2
27 April 1803
Bavaria by Treaty of Paris
Archbishopric of Regensburg
TODAY PART OF
Bishopric of Regensburg acquired
Imperial immediacy around the
same time as the City. Of the three Imperial Abbeys in Regensburg,
Niedermünster had already acquired immediacy in 1002, St. Emmeram\'s
Abbey did in 1295 and
Obermünster in 1315.
b: The Bishopric , the Imperial City and all three Imperial Abbeys
were mediatised simultaneously.
Regensburg became a
Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City and was a trade centre
before the shifting of trade routes in the late Middle Ages. At the
end of the 15th century in 1486,
Regensburg became part of the Duchy
Bavaria , but its independence was restored by the Holy Roman
Emperor ten years later. The city adopted the Protestant Reformation
in 1542 and its Town Council remained entirely Lutheran . From 1663 to
1806, the city was the permanent seat of the Imperial Diet of the Holy
Roman Empire, which became known as the
Perpetual Diet of Regensburg .
Regensburg was one of the central towns of the Empire,
attracting visitors in large numbers. Ceremonial arrival at the
Imperial Diet, 1711
A minority of the population remained
Roman Catholic , and Roman
Catholics were denied civil rights (Bürgerrecht). But the town of
Regensburg must not be confused with the Bishopric of Regensburg.
Although the Imperial city had adopted the Reformation, the town
remained the seat of a
Roman Catholic bishop and several abbeys .
Three of the latter,
St. Emmeram ,
were estates of their own within the Holy Roman Empire, meaning that
they were granted a seat and a vote at the Imperial Diet (Reichstag).
So there was the unique situation that the town of Regensburg
comprised five independent "states" (in terms of the Holy Roman
Empire): the Protestant city itself, the
Roman Catholic bishopric, and
the three monasteries (mentioned previously). In addition, it was seen
as the traditional capital of the region
Bavaria (not the state),
acted as functional co-capital of the Empire (second to the Emperor's
court at Vienna) due to the presence of the Perpetual Diet, and it was
residence of the Emperor's Commissary-Principal to the same diet, who
with one very brief exception was a prince himself (longstandingly the
Thurn and Taxis , still resident in the town).
In 1803 the city lost its status as a free city, following its
incorporation into the
Principality of Regensburg . It was handed over
to the Archbishop of
Mainz and Archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire
Carl von Dalberg in compensation for Mainz, which had become French
under the terms of the
Treaty of Lunéville
Treaty of Lunéville in 1801. The archbishopric
Mainz was formally transferred to Regensburg. Dalberg united the
bishopric, the monasteries, and the town itself, making up the
Principality of Regensburg (Fürstentum Regensburg). Dalberg strictly
modernized public life. Most importantly, he awarded equal rights to
Protestants and Roman Catholics alike. In 1810 Dalberg ceded
Regensburg to the Kingdom of
Bavaria , he himself being compensated by
the award of
Hanau to him under the title of "Grand Duke of
Between April 19 and April 23, 1809,
Regensburg was the scene of the
Battle of Ratisbon between forces commanded by Henri Gatien Bertrand
and Napoleon himself and the retreating Austrian forces. The city was
eventually overrun, after supplies and ammunition ran out. The city
suffered severe damage during the fight, with about 150 houses being
burnt and others being looted.
NAZISM AND WORLD WAR II
Regensburg was home to both a Messerschmitt
Bf 109 aircraft factory
and an oil refinery, which were bombed by the Allies on August 17,
1943, by the
Schweinfurt-Regensburg mission , and on February 5, 1945,
Oil Campaign of World War II
Oil Campaign of World War II . Although both targets were
Regensburg itself suffered little damage from the
Allied strategic bombing campaign , and the nearly intact medieval
city centre is listed as a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site . The city's
most important cultural loss was that of the Romanesque church of
Obermünster , which was destroyed in a March 1945 air raid and was
not rebuilt (the belfry survived). Also, Regensburg's slow economic
recovery after the war ensured that historic buildings were not torn
down, to be replaced by newer ones. When the upswing in restoration
Regensburg in the late 1960s, the prevailing mindset had
turned in favour of preserving the city's heritage.
HISTORY AFTER 1945
Cancel by the Ukrainian Camp Post at
Regensburg DP Camp
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE
Upper Palatinate ,
49°01′00″N 12°05′00″E / 49.0167°N 12.0833°E /
ii, iii, iv
2006 (30th Session )
Between 1945 and 1949,
Regensburg was the site of the largest
Displaced persons (DP) camp in Germany. At its peak in 1946–1947,
the workers' district of Ganghofersiedlung housed almost 5,000
Ukrainian and 1,000 non-Ukrainian refugees and displaced persons. With
the approval of U.S. Military Government in the American Allied
Occupation Zone ,
Regensburg and other DP camps organised their own
camp postal service. In Regensburg, the camp postal service began
operation on December 11, 1946.
At the beginning of the 1960s,
Regensburg invested a lot in technical
and social infrastructure to attract industry.
Siemens was the first
multinational company to come to Regensburg, a milestone in the city's
development after World War II. In 1965,
Regensburg University was
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences was established in
1971. The second multinational company,
BMW , came in 1986 to build up
a large production plant. Since the 1990s, several well-known hightech
companies are located in Regensburg, such as
Infineon and OSRAM,
contributing to the city's current wealth.
Regensburg was awarded the Europe Prize for its outstanding
achievements in european integration .
World Heritage Committee
World Heritage Committee listed Regensburg's Old Town a UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site in July 2006. It is the largest medieval old town
north of the Alps and very well preserved, dubbing it "Italy's most
northern city". Close to the Stone Bridge, the city of Regensburg
established a World Heritage Centre in the historic Salzstadl in 2007,
where detailed information on Regensburg's 2000-year-old history is
Regensburg is situated on the northernmost part of the
at the geological crossroads of four distinct landscapes :
* to the north and northeast lies the
Bavarian Forest (Bayerischer
Wald) with granite and gneiss mountains, wide forests and its national
* to the east and south-east is the fertile
Danube plain (Gäuboden)
which are highly cultivated loess plains
* the south is dominated by the tertiary hill country
(Tertiär-Hügelland), a continuation of
* to the West is
Franconian Jura (Fränkische Jura)
The climate in
Regensburg is categorized in the Köppen climate
classification as Dfb (humid continental ). The average temperature of
8.5 °C (47.3 °F) is slightly above the German average (7.8 °C or
46.0 °F), the average precipitation of 636 millimetres (25.0 inches )
per year below the German average (approximately 700 millimetres or 28
inches ). With a total of 1670 sunshine hours per year,
roughly 120 hours above German average.
The warmest month of the year, on average, is July. The coolest month
of the year, on average, is January.
CLIMATE DATA FOR REGENSBURG
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
World Meteorological Organisation
World Meteorological Organisation
German Weather Service
St. Peter\'s Church – the
Kohlenmarkt with Town Hall, site of the Perpetual Diet from 1663 to
1806. St. Emmeram\'s
Abbey , now Schloss
Thurn und Taxis , a
Regensburg includes the largest medieval old town north of the Alps
with nearly 1,500 listed buildings and a picturesque cityscape . Its
most famous sights are located mainly in the Old Town, such as:
* The Dom (Cathedral) is an example of pure German Gothic and counts
as the main work of
Gothic architecture in Bavaria. It was founded in
1275 and completed in 1634, with the exception of the towers, which
were finished in 1869. The interior contains numerous interesting
monuments, including one of
Peter Vischer 's masterpieces. Adjoining
the cloisters are two chapels of earlier date than the cathedral
itself, one of which, known as the old cathedral, goes back perhaps to
the 8th century. The official choir for the liturgical music at St
Peter's Cathedral are the famous
Regensburger Domspatzen .
* The stone bridge , built 1135–1146, is a highlight of medieval
bridge building. The knights of the 2nd and 3rd crusade used it to
Danube on their way to the
Holy Land .
Regensburg Sausage Kitchen is a major tourist destination, but
locals eat there as well. It was originally built as the construction
headquarters of the stone bridge and now lies adjacent to it.
* Remains of the Roman fortress' walls including the Porta Praetoria
* The Church of St. James , also called Schottenkirche, a Romanesque
basilica of the 12th century, derives its name from the monastery of
Irish Benedictines (
Scoti ) to which it was attached; the principal
doorway is covered with very singular grotesque carvings. It stands
next to the Jakobstor, a medieval city gate named after it.
* The old parish church of St. Ulrich is a good example of the
Transition style of the 13th century, and contains a valuable
antiquarian collection. It houses the diocesan museum for religious
* Examples of the Romanesque basilica style are the church of
Obermünster , dating from 1010, and the abbey church of
St. Emmeram ,
built in the 13th century, remarkable as one of the few German
churches with a detached bell tower. The beautiful cloisters of the
ancient abbey, one of the oldest in Germany, are still in a fair state
of preservation. In 1809 the conventual buildings were converted into
a palace for the prince of
Thurn and Taxis , hereditary
postmaster-general of the Holy Roman Empire.
* The Adler-Apotheke, located nearby the
Regensburg Cathedral, was
founded in 1610 and is one of the oldest Pharmacies in Regensburg.
Even today you can take a look at the ancient interior and historical
* Wealthy patrician families competed against each other to see who
would be able to build the highest tower of the city. In 1260, the
Goldener Turm (golden tower) was built on Wahlenstraße.
* The Old Town Hall, dating in part from the 14th century, contains
the rooms occupied by the Imperial diet from 1663 to 1806.
* A historical interest is also attached to the Gasthof zum Goldenen
Kreuz (Golden Cross Inn), where Charles V made the acquaintance of
Barbara Blomberg, the mother of
Don John of Austria (born 1547).
* Perhaps the most pleasant modern building in the city is the
Gothic villa of the king of
Bavaria on the bank of the Danube.
* Among the public institutions of the city are the public library ,
picture gallery, botanical garden , and the institute for the making
of stained glass . The city's colleges (apart from the University of
Regensburg ) include an episcopal clerical seminary , and a school of
church music .
* St. Emmeram\'s
Abbey , now known as Schloss Thurn und Taxis, is a
huge castle owned by the powerful
Thurn and Taxis family.
* The City Park, the oldest and largest park in
Regensburg with a
lot of artwork
Botanischer Garten der Universität Regensburg is a modern
botanical garden located on the
University of Regensburg campus.
Herzogspark also contains several small botanical gardens.
The Stone Bridge , St. Peter's Church and the Old Town of
Klenze's Walhalla , built in 1842 Bavarian Forest
National Park stamp
Regensburg there are two very imposing Classical buildings ,
erected by Ludwig I of
Bavaria as national monuments to German
patriotism and greatness:
* The more imposing of the two is the Walhalla , a costly
reproduction of the
Parthenon , erected as a Teutonic temple of fame
on a hill rising from the
Donaustauf , 10 kilometres (6.2
miles) to the east. The interior, which is as rich as coloured marble
, gilding , and sculptures can make it, contains the busts of more
than a hundred Germanic worthies
* The second of King Ludwig's buildings is the
Kelheim , 25 kilometres (16 miles) above Regensburg, a large circular
building which has for its aim the glorification of the heroes of the
1813 War of Liberation
Besides, there is the famous Weltenburg
Abbey (Kloster Weltenburg), a
Benedictine monastery in Weltenburg near
Kelheim on the Danube. The
abbey is situated on a peninsula in the Danube, on the so-called
"Weltenburg Narrows" or the "
Danube Gorge". The monastery, founded by
Irish or Scottish monks in about 620, is held to be the oldest
monastery in Bavaria.
To the east of
Regensburg lies the
Bavarian Forest with its National
Park , one of the most visited protected areas in Germany.
MUSEUMS AND EXHIBITIONS
Regensburg is home to 20 museums. Among the most prominent
museums are for instance the
Regensburg Museum of History which shows
history, culture and arts of
Regensburg and Eastern
Bavaria from stone
age to present. Then there is the Imperial diet museum
(Reichstagsmuseum) in the Old Town Hall describing the life during the
Roman Empire . Its main attractions are an original torture
chamber and the Reichssaal, the rooms occupied by the Imperial diet
from 1663 to 1806. The Kepler Memorial House (Keplergedächtnishaus)
illustrates the life of the famous astronomer and mathematician
Johannes Kepler . The Municipal
Art Gallery Leerer Beutel offers art
collections, film events and cultural festivals. Over the last years,
the city added several outdoor museums to its cultural landscape, the
so-called document sites. These give an overview on specific topics
such as Roman , Jewish and
Bavarian history .
Besides, there are the diocese museums (Bistumsmuseen) of Regensburg
and a branch of the
Bavarian National Museum located in the St.
Emmeram's Abbey, which contains the Princely Treasure Chamber of the
Thurn and Taxis . The Domschatzmuseum where church treasures,
monstrances and tapestries are displayed is in St. Peter\'s Cathedral
. Other museums are the Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie, the
Naturkundemuseum Ostbayern, the reptile zoo, the
Regensburg Museum of
Danube Shipping (Donau-Schiffahrts-Museum), the Public Observatory
Regensburg as well as the watch museum (Uhrenmuseum), the golf museum,
the post museum and the Dinoraeum. To celebrate its centenary, the
Bavaria will open the museum of
Bavarian history in
Regensburg in May, 2018. Besides, there are guided tours in most of
the historical monuments of Regensburg, as well as organized tourist
tours through the city available in several languages.
Regensburg Theater at the Bismarckplatz is 200 years old and is
the most important theater of the city. Operas, operettas, musicals
and ballets are shown. In summer, open-air performances are carried
out as well. With the theater at the Bismarckplatz as the oldest and
largest one, the
Regensburg theater has four other stages with
programmes that complement each other: in the Neuhaussaal of the
theater at the Bismarckplatz, concerts by the Philharmonic Orchestra
Regensburg take place. The Velodrom Theater presents musicals and
plays. In the Haidplatz Theater mainly literary and modern plays are
performed, whereas the Turmtheater at the Goliathplatz shows modern
plays as well, but also cabarets, musicals and plays for children.
Regensburg is home to the famous
Regensburger Domspatzen . Since 2003
there are the Regensburger Schlossfestspiele in the inner courtyard of
the St. Emmeram\'s
Abbey every July, sponsored by the Princely Family
of Thurn und Taxis. Meanwhile, those were attracting musicians like
Elton John , David Garrett , Tom Jones or
Plácido Domingo . Modern
music styles, especially
Jazz , are presented every summer during the
Jazz weekend. All over the Old Town, over hundred bands,
combos and soloists are performing. In 2015, the House of Music was
opened, giving home to skilled musicians and their education.
FILM AND CINEMA
The international short film season is hosted annually in Regensburg.
It is a non-profit event and takes place every March, being one of the
most important of its type in Germany. Aside, there are several
cinemas, such as CinemaxX, the largest one showing blockbusters and
arthouse films , and smaller independent cinemas such as Garbo,
Ostentor Kino and Regina Filmtheater.
Regensburg has two open air
cinemas as well.
The Old Town of
Regensburg with nearly 1,500 listed buildings offers
a huge cultural diversity from Roman to modern times.
The Old Town of
Regensburg is surrounded completely by a green belt .
Numerous inner-city parks like the City Park (Stadtpark), the
Herzogspark, the Dörnbergpark, the Villapark or the university's
botanical garden are a source for recreation and leisure.
The city of
Regensburg erected several memorials to combat racism ,
intolerance towards minorities and all other forms of contempt for
human dignity :
* Memorial for the victims of the
* Memorial for the victims of euthanasy
* Memorial for concentration camp and war prisoners
* Memorial for violence against women
A specific in
Regensburg are the so-called Stolpersteine (stumbling
blocks) in honor of deported
Twice a year takes place the
Regensburg Dult, the city's
which is Bavaria's fourth largest. The Bürgerfest (citizen
celebration) in the Old Town is every two years, attracting over
100,000 visitors. Every second weekend in July, knights and other
medieval people come together at the
Regensburg Spectaculum, a
medieval market, on the Stone Bridge . Every December, there are
Christmas markets all over the city.
With over 500 bars, restaurants, clubs and other locations merely in
the inner city,
Regensburg provides a rich and diverse nightlife due
to its young population.
Regensburg had 140,276 inhabitants , making it the fourth
largest city in Bavaria. Over the last hundred years, the city has
experienced a strong increase in population, surpassing 100,000
inhabitants in 1945 due to Germans who were ethnically cleansed from
eastern parts of the
Third Reich , especially from the
Regensburg is one of fastest growing cities in
Germany and is
supposed to reach 150,000 inhabitants in the near future.
Nearly 12% of the total population are foreign residents. Most of
them come from
Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe :
A majority of Regensburg's population is
Roman Catholic . In 2013,
about 56.5% of the city's inhabitants identified with the Roman
Catholic Church , 14.0% were registered
Protestants and about 29.5%
identified with other religions or did not have any registered
Lord Mayor and the
City Council are elected for a period of six
years. Both elections take place at the same time. The
City Council is
composed of 51 members and includes the Lord Mayor, two deputy mayors,
five counsellors and the other council members.
The municipal elections in
Bavaria of 2014 delivered the following
Social Democratic Party
Christian Social Union
Ecological Democratic Party
Free Democratic Party
Christian Social Federation
After 18 years of a
City Council with conservative majority, the
social-democratic candidate, Joachim Wolbergs, became
Lord Mayor in
Regensburg is subdivided into 18 boroughs (Stadtbezirke): Innenstadt,
Stadtamhof, Steinweg-Pfaffenstein, Sallern-Gallingkofen,
Konradsiedlung-Wutzlhofen, Brandlberg-Keilberg, Reinhausen, Weichs,
Schwabelweis, Ostenviertel, Kasernenviertel, Galgenberg,
Großprüfening-Dechbetten-Königswiesen, Westenviertel, Ober- und
Niederwinzer-Kager, Oberisling-Graß, Burgweinting-Harting. Each
borough contains a number of localities (Ortsteile), which can have
historic roots in older municipalities that became urbanized and
incorporated into the city.
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
Regensburg is twinned with:
* Tempe ,
United States , since 1976
Scotland since 1955
South Tyrol ,
Italy , since 1969
Clermont-Ferrand , Auvergne ,
France , since 1969
Plzeň Region , Czech
Republic , since 1993
Odessa Oblast ,
Ukraine , since 1980
China , since 2009
* Budavar (part of
Hungary , since May 2005
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
Regensburg's economy counts among the most dynamic and fastest
growing in Germany. Focus is on manufacturing industries, such as
automotive , industrial and electrical engineering .
There are several multinational corporations located in Regensburg,
BMW , Continental ,
General Electric ,
Infineon , Osram
Schneider Electric ,
Siemens , Telekom and
Toshiba as well as hidden
Krones , MR ).
BMW operates an automobile production plant in Regensburg; the
BMW plant produces 3-series , 1-series and (previously) Z4
Continental AG , with the headquarters of its car component
Osram Opto-Semiconductors and
Siemens as well as
Siemens semiconductor branch, provide a high level of
innovation and technical development in Regensburg. Other well known
international companies, such as
Schneider Electric and
Toshiba, have built plants in or near Regensburg.
GE Aviation founded
a greenfield site to innovate, develop and produce turbinemachinery
components with a new manufacturing casting technology. Amazon.com
located its first German customer service centre in Regensburg. The
hidden champions Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen (MR) and
Krones both are
headquartered in or close to
Regensburg and are among the major
Aside from the industrial sector, tourism contributes a lot to
Regensburg's economical growth, especially since 2006, when the city
gained status as
UNESCO World Heritage site . The University of
Regensburg , the
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences and
mercantile trade also play major roles in Regensburg's economy.
Increasingly, biotech companies were founded in
Regensburg over the
last two decades and have their headquarters and laboratories in the
city's "BioPark". Another focus is on information technology , with
the city running a start-up centre for IT firms. One of these former
CipSoft GmbH , now is a known video game company still
based in Regensburg.
OTTI, the Eastern
Bavaria Technology Transfer-Institut e.V., is
headquartered in Regensburg.
The city recorded 912,238 overnight hotel stays and 531,943 hotel
guests in 2012.
Tourism figures have nearly doubled within the last
15 years and
Regensburg has become one of the most-visited German
cities from 100,000 to 500,000 residents. In 2014,
ranked as a Top-30 travel attraction in
Germany by international
Regensburg Hauptbahnhof (central station) is connected to lines to
Passau , Hof and
Ulm . The city
lies also on two motorways, the A3 from
Vienna , and the A93 from Holledau to Hof .
The local transport is provided by a bus network run by the RVV
Regensburg's energy is mainly supplied by the German company
one of the world's largest electric utility service providers. Its
subsidiary Bayernwerk runs the local hydropower station in the Danube
River. In 2012, about 9,1% of the total electricity consumption was
generated by renewable energy sources, about 5,1% of the total heat
consumption were generated by renewables. Both figures show, that
Regensburg is behind other Bavarian cities in this context. Therefore,
the municipal government presented an energy plan in 2014, which
should enhance the transformation towards renewable energy sources
over the next decade.
Regensburg hosts one of the most modern university hospitals in
Europe, the Universitätsklinikum Regensburg. Aside, there are several
other renowned hospitals such as the Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brüder
and the St. Josef-Krankenhaus. In the Bezirksklinikum, mental diseases
are treated. With 19,4 hospital beds per 1000 residents, Regensburg
owns the fourth highest density of beds per residents in Germany.
Concerning medical doctors per residents,
Regensburg obtains the third
Germany (339 per 100,000 residents).
The city's BioPark, representing Bavaria's second largest biotech
cluster, hosts numerous research institutions and biotech companies .
University of Regensburg, Vielberth building, faculty of
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences, campus
UNIVERSITIES AND ACADEMIA
Regensburg is known for its institutions of higher education. The
biggest of those is the
University of Regensburg . Founded in 1962, it
is one of Germany's youngest institutions and ranked among the Top 400
universities worldwide. Among the prominent thinkers associated with
the institution are
Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI ,
Udo Steiner and Wolfgang
Wiegard . The campus is situated in one area together with the
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences .
Since 1874 there has been a College of Catholic Music, the Hochschule
für Katholische Kirchenmusik und Musikpädagogik
In addtition to the research centres and institutes of the
universities, there are several research institutions situated in the
city of Regensburg. Among them are the Leibniz-Institute for East and
Southeast European Studies (IOS), the
Regensburg Centre for
Interventional Immunology (RCI), the Fraunhofer Institute for
Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM) and the BioPark, the
Bavarian biotech cluster.
Regensburg is home to 18 elementary schools . There are several
institutions of secondary education , both public and private,
representing all levels of the German school system. There are eight
Gymnasiums in Regensburg, five Realschule, six Hauptschule and four
vocational schools (the so-called Berufsschule). In addition, there
are several folk high schools with different specialisations. Aside,
there is the Swiss International School which is offering families an
international educational infrastructure.
SSV Jahn Regensburg is the local football club and attracts a fairly
large local following. The team was part of a larger sports club
founded in 1889 as Turnerbund Jahn
Regensburg which took its name from
Friedrich Ludwig Jahn
Friedrich Ludwig Jahn , whose ideas of gymnastics greatly influenced
German sport in the 19th century. The football department was created
in 1907. The footballers and swimmers left their parent club in 1924
to form Sportbund Jahn Regensburg.
Regensburg is the local ice hockey club, currently playing in the
Oberliga Süd , Germany's third highest professional league.
Regensburg Legionäre is the baseball and softball club from
Regensburg. The team is also known as Buchbinder Legionäre, following
a sponsorship of the Buchbinder company. The club is playing in the
German Bundesliga and is one of the most famous and most successful
baseball clubs in Germany. Several players now playing in the MLB
formerly played at the club. Its arena, Armin-Wolf-Arena, was built in
1996 and has a capacity of 10,000 spectators, making it to Germany's
largest baseball stadium .
The local athletics club, LG TELIS FINANZ Regensburg, offers a wide
range of different competitions and is counted among the most
successful clubs in Germany.
Honorary photo for
Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI in
Johannes Kepler (1610) Joseph Hanisch von Greifenthal
Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI , professor of theology at the University of
Regensburg from 1969 to 1977, who retains the title, honorary
professor; he is not a former resident of the city of Regensburg, but
his house, less than 1 kilometer from the city, lies in
the district of
Regensburg . He has been an honorary citizen since
* The Princely House of
Thurn und Taxis , a German noble family and
one of Europe's largest landowners
* Joseph Hanisch of Greifenthal , musician, composer and organist.
Albrecht Altdorfer (printmaker, painter of landscapes, historical
and Biblical subjects of the
Willie Duncan (Spider Murphy Gang)
Ulrich Eberl , science and technology journalist
* The Rev. Dr.
Franz Xaver Haberl , one of the most important Roman
Catholic musicians in history, teacher of Perosi (see also Cecilian
Johannes Kepler (mathematician and astronomer)
Konrad of Megenberg , scholar and academic
Simone Laudehr (German national team footballer, women's world cup
Albertus Magnus (13th century polymath )
Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg , a 12th–13th century rabbi and
mystic, founder of
Maximilian Oberst , physician who introduced the Oberst method of
Petachiah of Ratisbon , a 12th–13th century rabbi , best known
for his extensive travels throughout Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and
the Middle East.
Hisham Zreiq - (born 1968), award-winning Palestinian Christian
Independent filmmaker, poet and visual artist.
Walter Röhrl (racing driver)
Saint Emmeram , Christian bishop and a martyr, St. Emmeram\'s
Andrea Maria Schenkel , best-selling author of
Tannöd and other
Emanuel Schikaneder (Librettist of
The Magic Flute
The Magic Flute )
Oskar Schindler (1908–1974), German industrialist (after World
War II until his emigration to
Ulrich Schmidl (supposed co-founder of
Buenos Aires )
Anton Vilsmeier , (1894–1962), German chemist best known for the
Vilsmeier-Haack reaction, born in Burgweinting, which is now part of
Regensburg, and attended the Altes Gymnasium in Regensburg
Charles von Hügel , (1795–1870), Austrian army officer ,
diplomat , botanist , and explorer
Ulrich of Zell , a
Cluniac reformer of Germany, abbot, founder and
Wolfgang of Regensburg
Wolfgang of Regensburg ,
Elli Erl , winner of German Pop Idol 2004 – singer and
teacher at a German secondary school in Düsseldorf
Ludwig Bemelmans , (1898–1962), Austro-Hungarian born American
writer of children's books and internationally renowned gourmet, spent
his early life in Regensburg
The Interior of
The Stone Bridge and
Regensburg Cathedral by night
The romanic chapel St. George and Afra
Danube seen from the Stone Bridge
The bay window of the Old Town Hall
Monument of Don Juan de
Dampfnudel bakery in the Baumburger Turm
The Stone Bridge
Little Boy (Bruckmandl) on the Stone Bridge
Jewish history of
List of mayors of Regensburg
* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches
Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.
* ^ A B Deutsche Zentrale für Tourismus e.V. (2015-08-14). "The
TOP 100 sights and attractions in
travel, breaks, holidays". germany.travel. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
* ^ "Iron Age Braumeisters of the Teutonic Forests". BeerAdvocate.
* ^ The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of
Useful Knowledge, Vol. III, Part II (page 623), printed by William
Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street, London, 1844
* ^ Tellier, L.N. (2009). Urban World History: An
Geographical Perspective. Presses de l'Universite du Quebec. p. 266.
ISBN 9782760522091 . Retrieved 2014-10-10.
* ^ Herald of Destiny by
Berel Wein . New York: Shaar Press, 1993,
* ^ Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data, ed. (1991),
Amtliches Ortsverzeichnis für Bayern, Munich: Bavarian State Office
for Statistics and Data, p. 242 ,
* ^ Karen Lemiski, Focus on Philately: The stamps of Regensburg,
Camp Ganghofersiedlung in
The Ukrainian Weekly , February 4, 2001, No.
5, Vol. LXIX
* ^ "Europeprize". europeprize.net. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
* ^ Ursula Hagner (26 November 2009). "Europäische Wetterlagen"
(PDF). Retrieved 2015-08-16.
* ^ "World Weather Information Service – Regensburg". June 2011.
* ^ "Klima
Regensburg - Station
Regensburg (365 m)".
Wetterdienst.de. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
* ^ "
Regensburg Theaters". regensburgtravel.com. Retrieved
* ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Regensburg" (PDF). Stadt
Regensburg – Amt für Stadtentwicklung. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
* ^ "Stadt
Regensburg – Abteilung Statistik".
statistik.regensburg.de. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
* ^ "Who is
Aberdeen twinned with?".
Aberdeen City Council.
* ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation".
Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités
Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French).
* ^ "Prognos Zukunftsatlas 2013: Ergebnisübersicht Gesamtranking"
(PDF). 7 November 2013. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
* ^ "OTTI – Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut e.V.".
otti.de. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
* ^ "Stadt