Regensburg (German pronunciation:
[ˈʁeːɡŋ̍sbʊɐ̯k] ( listen); Latin: Castra-Regina;
Polish: Ratyzbona; Czech: Řezno; French: Ratisbonne; older English:
Ratisbon; Bavarian: Rengschburg or Rengschburch) is a town in
south-east Germany, at the confluence of the Danube,
Naab and Regen
rivers. With over 140,000 inhabitants,
Regensburg is the
fourth-largest city in the State of
Bavaria after Munich, Nuremberg
and Augsburg. The city is the political, economic and cultural centre
Bavaria and capital of the Upper Palatinate.
The medieval centre of the city is a
UNESCO World Heritage Site. In
Regensburg was among the top sights and travel attractions in
1.1 Early history
1.2 Middle Ages
1.3 Modern history
Nazism and World War II
1.5 History after 1945
3 Main sights
3.1 The city
3.2 The surrounding
4.1 Museums and exhibitions
4.4 Film and cinema
4.7 Memorial sites
5.2 International communities
6.3 Twin towns – Sister cities
9.1 Universities and academia
10.2 Ice hockey
11 Notable residents
13 See also
16 External links
The remains of the East Tower of the Porta Praetoria from Roman times
The first settlements in
Regensburg date from the Stone Age. The
Celtic name Radasbona was the oldest given to a settlement near the
present city. Around AD 90, the Romans built a fort there.
In 179, a new Roman fort Castra Regina ("fortress by the river Regen")
was built for
Legio III Italica
Legio III Italica during the reign of Emperor Marcus
Aurelius. It was an important camp on the most northerly point of
the Danube; it corresponds to what is today the core of Regensburg's
Old City or Altstadt east of the Obere and Untere Bachgasse and West
of the Schwanenplatz. It is believed that as early as in late Roman
times the city was the seat of a bishop, and St Boniface
Bishopric of Regensburg
Bishopric of Regensburg in 739.
From the early 6th century,
Regensburg was the seat of a ruling family
known as the Agilolfings. From about 530 to the first half of the 13th
century, it was the capital of Bavaria.
Regensburg remained an
important city during the reign of Charlemagne. In 792, Regensburg
hosted the ecclesiastical section of Charlemagne's General Assembly,
the bishops in council who condemned the heresy of adoptionism taught
by their Spanish counterparts,
Elipandus of Toledo and Felix of Urgel.
After the partition of the Carolingian Empire in 843, the city became
the seat of the Eastern Frankish ruler, Louis II the German. Two years
later, fourteen Bohemian princes came to
Regensburg to receive baptism
there. This was the starting point of
Christianization of the Czechs,
and the diocese of
Regensburg became the mother diocese of that of
Prague. These events had a wide impact on the cultural history of the
Czech lands, as they were consequently part of the
Roman Catholic and
not the Slavic-Orthodox world. A memorial plate at St John's Church
(the alleged place of the baptism) was unveiled a few years ago,
commemorating the incident in the Czech and German languages.
In 800 AD the city had 23,000 inhabitants and by 1000 AD
this had almost doubled to 40,000 people.
On 8 December 899 Arnulf of Carinthia, descendant of Charlemagne, died
Regensburg (known as Ratisbon at the time), Bavaria, Germany.
In 1096, on the way to the First Crusade,
Peter the Hermit
Peter the Hermit led a mob
of crusaders that attempted to force the mass conversion of the Jews
Regensburg and killed all those who resisted.
Regensburg in the 16th century
Between 1135 and 1146, the Stone Bridge across the
Danube was built at
Regensburg. This bridge opened major international trade routes
between northern Europe and Venice, and this began Regensburg's golden
age as a residence of wealthy trading families.
Regensburg became the
cultural centre of southern
Germany and was celebrated for its gold
work and fabrics.
Imperial City of Regensburg
Reichsstadt Regensburg (German)
Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Imperial immediacy (Reichsfreiheit)a
City annexed by Bavaria
City adopted Reformation
Made permanent seat of the Imperial Diet
Mediatised to new Archbishopric2
27 April 1803
Bavaria by Treaty of Paris
Duchy of Bavaria
Archbishopric of Regensburg
Today part of
Bishopric of Regensburg
Bishopric of Regensburg acquired
Imperial immediacy around the
same time as the City. Of the three Imperial Abbeys in Regensburg,
Niedermünster had already acquired immediacy in 1002, St. Emmeram's
Abbey did in 1295 and
Obermünster in 1315.
b: The Bishopric, the Imperial City and all three Imperial Abbeys were
Regensburg became a
Free Imperial City
Free Imperial City and was a trade centre
before the shifting of trade routes in the late Middle Ages. At the
end of the 15th century in 1486,
Regensburg became part of the Duchy
of Bavaria, but its independence was restored by the Holy Roman
Emperor ten years later. The city adopted the Protestant Reformation
in 1542 and its Town Council remained entirely Lutheran. From 1663 to
1806, the city was the permanent seat of the Imperial Diet of the Holy
Roman Empire, which became known as the Perpetual Diet of Regensburg.
Regensburg was one of the central towns of the Empire,
attracting visitors in large numbers.
Ceremonial arrival at the Imperial Diet, 1711
A minority of the population remained Roman Catholic, and Roman
Catholics were denied civil rights (Bürgerrecht). But the town of
Regensburg must not be confused with the Bishopric of Regensburg.
Although the Imperial city had adopted the Reformation, the town
remained the seat of a
Roman Catholic bishop and several abbeys. Three
of the latter, St. Emmeram,
Niedermünster and Obermünster, were
estates of their own within the Holy Roman Empire, meaning that they
were granted a seat and a vote at the Imperial Diet (Reichstag). So
there was the unique situation that the town of
five independent "states" (in terms of the Holy Roman Empire): the
Protestant city itself, the
Roman Catholic bishopric, and the three
monasteries (mentioned previously). In addition, it was seen as the
traditional capital of the region
Bavaria (not the state), acted as
functional co-capital of the Empire (second to the Emperor's court at
Vienna) due to the presence of the Perpetual Diet, and it was
residence of the Emperor's Commissary-Principal to the same diet, who
with one very brief exception was a prince himself (longstandingly the
Prince Thurn and Taxis, still resident in the town).
In 1803 the city lost its status as a free city, following its
incorporation into the Principality of Regensburg. It was handed over
to the Archbishop of
Mainz and Archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire
Carl von Dalberg
Carl von Dalberg in compensation for Mainz, which had become French
under the terms of the
Treaty of Lunéville
Treaty of Lunéville in 1801. The archbishopric
Mainz was formally transferred to Regensburg. Dalberg united the
bishopric, the monasteries, and the town itself, making up the
Principality of Regensburg
Principality of Regensburg (Fürstentum Regensburg). Dalberg strictly
modernized public life. Most importantly, he awarded equal rights to
Protestants and Roman Catholics alike. In 1810 Dalberg ceded
Regensburg to the Kingdom of Bavaria, he himself being compensated by
the award of
Hanau to him under the title of "Grand Duke of
Between April 19 and April 23, 1809,
Regensburg was the scene of the
Battle of Ratisbon
Battle of Ratisbon between forces commanded by Henri Gatien Bertrand
and Napoleon himself and the retreating Austrian forces. The city was
eventually overrun, after supplies and ammunition ran out. The city
suffered severe damage during the fight, with about 150 houses being
burnt and others being looted.
Nazism and World War II
Regensburg was home to both a Messerschmitt
Bf 109 aircraft factory
and an oil refinery, which were bombed by the Allies on August 17,
1943, by the Schweinfurt-
Regensburg mission, and on February 5, 1945,
during the Oil Campaign of World War II. Although both targets were
Regensburg itself suffered little damage from the
Allied strategic bombing campaign, and the nearly intact medieval city
centre is listed as a
UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city's most
important cultural loss was that of the Romanesque church of
Obermünster, which was destroyed in a March 1945 air raid and was not
rebuilt (the belfry survived). Also, Regensburg's slow economic
recovery after the war ensured that historic buildings were not torn
down, to be replaced by newer ones. When the upswing in restoration
Regensburg in the late 1960s, the prevailing mindset had
turned in favour of preserving the city's heritage.
History after 1945
Cancel by the Ukrainian Camp Post at
Regensburg DP Camp
Between 1945 and 1949,
Regensburg was the site of the largest
Displaced persons (DP) camp in Germany. At its peak in 1946–1947,
the workers' district of Ganghofersiedlung housed almost 5,000
Ukrainian and 1,000 non-Ukrainian refugees and displaced persons. With
the approval of U.S. Military Government in the American Allied
Regensburg and other DP camps organised their own
camp postal service. In Regensburg, the camp postal service began
operation on December 11, 1946.
At the beginning of the 1960s,
Regensburg invested a lot in technical
and social infrastructure to attract industry.
Siemens was the first
multinational company to come to Regensburg, a milestone in the city's
development after World War II. In 1965,
Regensburg University was
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences was established in
1971. The second multinational company, BMW, came in 1986 to build up
a large production plant. Since the 1990s, several well-known hightech
companies are located in Regensburg, such as
Infineon and OSRAM,
contributing to the city's current wealth.
Regensburg was awarded the Europe Prize for its outstanding
achievements in european integration.
World Heritage Committee
World Heritage Committee listed Regensburg's Old Town a UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site in July 2006. It is the largest medieval old town
north of the Alps and very well preserved, dubbing it "Italy's most
northern city". Close to the Stone Bridge, the city of Regensburg
established a World Heritage Centre in the historic Salzstadl in 2007,
where detailed information on Regensburg's 2000-year-old history is
Regensburg is situated on the northernmost part of the
Danube river at
the geological crossroads of four distinct landscapes:
to the north and northeast lies the
Bavarian Forest with granite and
gneiss mountains, wide forests and its national park
to the east and south-east is the fertile
Danube plain (Gäuboden)
which are highly cultivated loess plains
the south is dominated by the Tertiary Hill Country, a continuation of
to the West is Franconian Jura
Regensburg straddles the humid continental (Dfb) and oceanic (Cfb)
climate zones under the Köppen climate classification. The average
temperature of 8.5 °C (47.3 °F) is slightly above the
German average (7.8 °C or 46.0 °F), the average
precipitation of 636 millimetres (25.0 inches) per year below the
German average (approximately 700 millimetres or 28 inches ). With a
total of 1670 sunshine hours per year,
Regensburg is roughly 120 hours
above German average.
The warmest month of the year, on average, is July. The coolest month
of the year, on average, is January.
Climate data for Regensburg
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: World Meteorological Organisation
Source #2: German Weather Service
St. Peter's Church – the
Kohlenmarkt with Town Hall, site of the Perpetual Diet from 1663 to
St. Emmeram's Abbey, now Schloss Thurn und Taxis, a huge palace
Regensburg includes the largest medieval old town north of the Alps
with nearly 1,500 listed buildings and a picturesque cityscape. Its
most famous sights are located mainly in the Old Town, such as:
The Dom (Cathedral) is an example of pure German Gothic and counts as
the main work of
Gothic architecture in Bavaria. It was founded in
1275 and completed in 1634, with the exception of the towers, which
were finished in 1869. The interior contains numerous interesting
monuments, including one of Peter Vischer's masterpieces. Adjoining
the cloisters are two chapels of earlier date than the cathedral
itself, one of which, known as the old cathedral, goes back perhaps to
the 8th century. The official choir for the liturgical music at St
Peter's Cathedral are the famous Regensburger Domspatzen.
The stone bridge, built 1135–1146, is a highlight of medieval bridge
building. The knights of the 2nd and 3rd crusade used it to cross the
Danube on their way to the Holy Land.
Regensburg Sausage Kitchen
Regensburg Sausage Kitchen is a major tourist destination, but
locals eat there as well. It was originally built as the construction
headquarters of the stone bridge and now lies adjacent to it.
Remains of the Roman fortress' walls including the Porta Praetoria
The Church of St. James, also called Schottenkirche, a Romanesque
basilica of the 12th century, derives its name from the monastery of
Irish Benedictines (Scoti) to which it was attached; the principal
doorway is covered with very singular grotesque carvings. It stands
next to the Jakobstor, a medieval city gate named after it.
The old parish church of St. Ulrich is a good example of the
Transition style of the 13th century, and contains a valuable
antiquarian collection. It houses the diocesan museum for religious
Examples of the Romanesque basilica style are the church of
Obermünster, dating from 1010, and the abbey church of St. Emmeram,
built in the 13th century, remarkable as one of the few German
churches with a detached bell tower. The beautiful cloisters of the
ancient abbey, one of the oldest in Germany, are still in a fair state
of preservation. In 1809 the conventual buildings were converted into
a palace for the prince of Thurn and Taxis, hereditary
postmaster-general of the Holy Roman Empire.
The Adler-Apotheke, located nearby the
Regensburg Cathedral, was
founded in 1610 and is one of the oldest Pharmacies in Regensburg.
Even today you can take a look at the ancient interior and historical
Wealthy patrician families competed against each other to see who
would be able to build the highest tower of the city. In 1260, the
Goldener Turm (golden tower) was built on Wahlenstraße.
The Old Town Hall, dating in part from the 14th century, contains the
rooms occupied by the Imperial diet from 1663 to 1806.
A historical interest is also attached to the Gasthof zum Goldenen
Kreuz (Golden Cross Inn), where Charles V made the acquaintance of
Barbara Blomberg, the mother of
Don John of Austria
Don John of Austria (born 1547).
Perhaps the most pleasant modern building in the city is the Gothic
villa of the king of
Bavaria on the bank of the Danube. The grounds
are now opened to public and known as VillaPark.
Among the public institutions of the city are the public library,
picture gallery, botanical garden, and the institute for the making of
stained glass. The city's colleges (apart from the University of
Regensburg) include an episcopal clerical seminary, and a school of
St. Emmeram's Abbey, now known as Schloss Thurn und Taxis, is a huge
castle owned by the powerful
Thurn and Taxis
Thurn and Taxis family.
The City Park, the oldest and largest park in
Regensburg with a lot of
Botanischer Garten der Universität Regensburg
Botanischer Garten der Universität Regensburg is a modern
botanical garden located on the
University of Regensburg
University of Regensburg campus.
Herzogspark also contains several small botanical gardens.
The Stone Bridge, St. Peter's Church and the Old Town of Regensburg
Klenze's Walhalla, built in 1842
Bavarian Forest National Park stamp
Regensburg there are two very imposing Classical buildings,
erected by Ludwig I of
Bavaria as national monuments to German
patriotism and greatness:
The more imposing of the two is the Walhalla, a costly reproduction of
the Parthenon, erected as a Teutonic temple of fame on a hill rising
Danube at Donaustauf, 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) to the east.
The interior, which is as rich as coloured marble, gilding, and
sculptures can make it, contains the busts of more than a hundred
The second of King Ludwig's buildings is the
Kelheim, 25 kilometres (16 miles) above Regensburg, a large circular
building which has for its aim the glorification of the heroes of the
1813 War of Liberation
Besides, there is the famous Weltenburg
Abbey (Kloster Weltenburg), a
Benedictine monastery in Weltenburg near
Kelheim on the Danube. The
abbey is situated on a peninsula in the Danube, on the so-called
"Weltenburg Narrows" or the "
Danube Gorge". The monastery, founded by
Irish or Scottish monks in about 620, is held to be the oldest
monastery in Bavaria.
To the east of
Regensburg lies the
Bavarian Forest with its National
Park, one of the most visited protected areas in Germany.
Museums and exhibitions
Regensburg is home to 20 museums. Among the most prominent
museums are for instance the
Regensburg Museum of History
Regensburg Museum of History which shows
history, culture and arts of
Regensburg and Eastern
Bavaria from stone
age to present. Then there is the Imperial diet museum
(Reichstagsmuseum) in the Old Town Hall describing the life during the
Holy Roman Empire. Its main attractions are an original torture
chamber and the Reichssaal, the rooms occupied by the Imperial diet
from 1663 to 1806. The Kepler Memorial House (Keplergedächtnishaus)
illustrates the life of the famous astronomer and mathematician
Johannes Kepler. The Municipal
Art Gallery Leerer Beutel offers art
collections, film events and cultural festivals. Over the last years,
the city added several outdoor museums to its cultural landscape, the
so-called document sites. These give an overview on specific topics
such as Roman, Jewish and Bavarian history.
Besides, there are the diocese museums (Bistumsmuseen) of Regensburg
and a branch of the
Bavarian National Museum
Bavarian National Museum located in the St.
Emmeram's Abbey, which contains the Princely Treasure Chamber of the
family Thurn and Taxis. The Domschatzmuseum where church treasures,
monstrances and tapestries are displayed is in St. Peter's Cathedral.
Other museums are the Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie, the
Naturkundemuseum Ostbayern, the reptile zoo, the
Regensburg Museum of
Danube Shipping (Donau-Schiffahrts-Museum), the Public Observatory
Regensburg as well as the watch museum (Uhrenmuseum), the golf museum,
the post museum and the Dinoraeum. To celebrate its centenary, the
Bavaria will open the museum of
Bavarian history in
Regensburg in May, 2018. Besides, there are guided tours in most of
the historical monuments of Regensburg, as well as organized tourist
tours through the city available in several languages.
Regensburg Theater at the Bismarckplatz is 200 years old and is
the most important theater of the city. Operas, operettas, musicals
and ballets are shown. In summer, open-air performances are carried
out as well. With the theater at the Bismarckplatz as the oldest and
largest one, the
Regensburg theater has four other stages with
programmes that complement each other: in the Neuhaussaal of the
theater at the Bismarckplatz, concerts by the Philharmonic Orchestra
Regensburg take place. The Velodrom Theater presents musicals and
plays. In the Haidplatz Theater mainly literary and modern plays are
performed, whereas the Turmtheater at the Goliathplatz shows modern
plays as well, but also cabarets, musicals and plays for children.
Regensburg is home to the famous Regensburger Domspatzen. Since 2003
there are the Regensburger Schlossfestspiele in the inner courtyard of
St. Emmeram's Abbey
St. Emmeram's Abbey every July, sponsored by the Princely Family
of Thurn und Taxis. Meanwhile, those were attracting musicians like
Elton John, David Garrett, Tom Jones, or Plácido Domingo. Modern
music styles, especially Jazz, are presented every summer during the
Jazz weekend. All over the Old Town, over a hundred bands,
combos, and soloists perform. In 2015, the House of Music was opened,
giving a home to skilled musicians and their education.
Film and cinema
The international short film season is hosted annually in Regensburg.
It is a non-profit event and takes place every March, being one of the
most important of its type in Germany. Aside, there are several
cinemas, such as CinemaxX, the largest one showing blockbusters and
arthouse films, and smaller independent cinemas such as Garbo,
Ostentor Kino and Regina Filmtheater.
Regensburg has two open air
cinemas as well.
The Old Town of
Regensburg with nearly 1,500 listed buildings offers a
huge cultural diversity from Roman to modern times.
The Old Town of
Regensburg is surrounded completely by a green belt.
Numerous inner-city parks like the City Park (Stadtpark), the
Herzogspark, the Dörnbergpark, the Villapark or the university's
botanical garden are a source for recreation and leisure.
The city of
Regensburg erected several memorials to combat racism,
intolerance towards minorities and all other forms of contempt for
Memorial for the victims of the Holocaust
Memorial for the victims of euthanasy
Memorial for concentration camp and war prisoners
Memorial for violence against women
A specific in
Regensburg are the so-called Stolpersteine (stumbling
blocks) in honor of deported
Jews during Nazism.
Twice a year takes place the
Regensburg Dult, the city's Volksfest,
which is Bavaria's fourth largest. The Bürgerfest (citizen
celebration) in the Old Town is every two years, attracting over
100,000 visitors. Every second weekend in July, knights and other
medieval people come together at the
Regensburg Spectaculum, a
medieval market, on the Stone Bridge. Every December, there are
Christmas markets all over the city.
With over 500 bars, restaurants, clubs and other locations merely in
the inner city,
Regensburg provides a rich and diverse nightlife due
to its young population.
In May 2017,
Regensburg had 164.896 inhabitants , making it the
fourth largest city in Bavaria. Over the last hundred years, the city
has experienced a strong increase in population, surpassing 100,000
inhabitants in 1945 due to Germans who were ethnically cleansed from
eastern parts of the Third Reich, especially from the Sudetenland.
Regensburg is one of fastest growing cities in
Germany and is
supposed to reach 150,000 inhabitants in the near future.
Nearly 12% of the total population are foreign residents. Most of them
Turkey and Central and Eastern Europe:
A majority of Regensburg's population is Roman Catholic. In 2017,
about 51.4% of the city's inhabitants identified with the Roman
Catholic Church, 13.1% were registered
Protestants and about 35.5%
identified with other religions or did not have any registered
Lord Mayor and the
City Council are elected for a period of six
years. Both elections take place at the same time. The
City Council is
composed of 51 members and includes the Lord Mayor, two deputy mayors,
five counsellors and the other council members.
The municipal elections in
Bavaria of 2014 delivered the following
Social Democratic Party
Christian Social Union
Ecological Democratic Party
Free Democratic Party
Christian Social Federation
After 18 years of a
City Council with conservative majority, the
social-democratic candidate, Joachim Wolbergs, became
Lord Mayor in
Regensburg is subdivided into 18 boroughs (Stadtbezirke): Innenstadt,
Stadtamhof, Steinweg-Pfaffenstein, Sallern-Gallingkofen,
Konradsiedlung-Wutzlhofen, Brandlberg-Keilberg, Reinhausen, Weichs,
Schwabelweis, Ostenviertel, Kasernenviertel, Galgenberg,
Großprüfening-Dechbetten-Königswiesen, Westenviertel, Ober- und
Niederwinzer-Kager, Oberisling-Graß, Burgweinting-Harting. Each
borough contains a number of localities (Ortsteile), which can have
historic roots in older municipalities that became urbanized and
incorporated into the city.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Regensburg is twinned with:
Tempe, Arizona, United States, since 1976
Scotland since 1955
Brixen, South Tyrol, Italy, since 1969
Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France, since 1969
Plzeň Region, Czech Republic, since 1993
Odessa Oblast, Ukraine, since 1980
Qingdao, Shandong, China, since 2009
Budavar (part of Budapest), Hungary, since May 2005
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Regensburg's economy counts among the most dynamic and fastest growing
in Germany. Focus is on manufacturing industries, such as
automotive, industrial and electrical engineering.
There are several multinational corporations located in Regensburg,
such as BMW, Continental, E.ON, General Electric, Infineon, Osram,
Schneider Electric, Siemens, Telekom and
Toshiba as well as hidden
champions (Krones, MR).
BMW operates an automobile production plant in Regensburg; the
BMW plant produces 3 Series, 1 Series and (previously) Z4
vehicles. Continental AG, with the headquarters of its car component
Osram Opto-Semiconductors and
Siemens as well as Infineon,
Siemens semiconductor branch, provide a high level of
innovation and technical development in Regensburg. Other well known
international companies, such as AREVA,
Schneider Electric and
Toshiba, have built plants in or near Regensburg.
GE Aviation founded
a greenfield site to innovate, develop and produce turbinemachinery
components with a new manufacturing casting technology. Amazon.com
located its first German customer service centre in Regensburg. The
hidden champions Maschinenfabrik Reinhausen (MR) and
Krones both are
headquartered in or close to
Regensburg and are among the major
Aside from the industrial sector, tourism contributes a lot to
Regensburg's economical growth, especially since 2006, when the city
gained status as
UNESCO World Heritage site. The University of
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences and
mercantile trade also play major roles in Regensburg's economy.
Increasingly, biotech companies were founded in
Regensburg over the
last two decades and have their headquarters and laboratories in the
city's "BioPark". Another focus is on information technology, with the
city running a start-up centre for IT firms. One of these former
start-ups, CipSoft GmbH, now is a known video game company still based
OTTI, the Eastern
Bavaria Technology Transfer-Institut e.V., is
headquartered in Regensburg.
The city recorded 912,238 overnight hotel stays and 531,943 hotel
guests in 2012.
Tourism figures have nearly doubled within the
last 15 years and
Regensburg has become one of the most-visited German
cities from 100,000 to 500,000 residents. In 2014,
ranked as a Top-30 travel attraction in
Germany by international
Regensburg Hauptbahnhof (central station) is connected to lines to
Munich, Nuremberg, Passau, Hof and
Ingolstadt and Ulm. The city lies
also on two motorways, the A3 from
Frankfurt to Vienna,
and the A93 from Holledau to Hof.
The local transport is provided by a bus network run by the RVV
Regensburg's energy is mainly supplied by the German company E.ON, one
of the world's largest electric utility service providers. Its
subsidiary Bayernwerk runs the local hydropower station in the Danube
River. In 2012, about 9,1% of the total electricity consumption was
generated by renewable energy sources, about 5,1% of the total heat
consumption were generated by renewables. Both figures show, that
Regensburg is behind other Bavarian cities in this context. Therefore,
the municipal government presented an energy plan in 2014, which
should enhance the transformation towards renewable energy sources
over the next decade.
Regensburg hosts one of the most modern university hospitals in
Europe, the Universitätsklinikum Regensburg. Aside, there are several
other renowned hospitals such as the Krankenhaus Barmherzige Brüder
and the St. Josef-Krankenhaus. In the Bezirksklinikum, mental diseases
are treated. With 19,4 hospital beds per 1000 residents, Regensburg
owns the fourth highest density of beds per residents in Germany.
Concerning medical doctors per residents,
Regensburg obtains the third
Germany (339 per 100,000 residents).
The city's BioPark, representing Bavaria's second largest biotech
cluster, hosts numerous research institutions and biotech companies.
University of Regensburg, Vielberth building, faculty of business
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences, campus
Universities and academia
Regensburg is known for its institutions of higher education. The
biggest of those is the University of Regensburg. Founded in 1962, it
is one of Germany's youngest institutions and ranked among the Top 400
universities worldwide. Among the prominent thinkers associated with
the institution are Pope Benedict XVI,
Udo Steiner and Wolfgang
Wiegard. The campus is situated in one area together with the
Regensburg University of Applied Sciences.
Since 1874 there has been a College of Catholic Music, the Hochschule
für Katholische Kirchenmusik und Musikpädagogik Regensburg.
In addtition to the research centres and institutes of the
universities, there are several research institutions situated in the
city of Regensburg. Among them are the Leibniz-Institute for East and
Southeast European Studies (IOS), the
Regensburg Centre for
Interventional Immunology (RCI), the Fraunhofer Institute for
Toxicology and Experimental Medicine (ITEM) and the BioPark, the
Bavarian biotech cluster.
Regensburg is home to 18 elementary schools. There are several
institutions of secondary education, both public and private,
representing all levels of the German school system. There are eight
Gymnasiums in Regensburg, five Realschule, six Hauptschule and four
vocational schools (the so-called Berufsschule). In addition, there
are several folk high schools with different specialisations. Aside,
there is the Swiss International School which is offering families an
international educational infrastructure.
SSV Jahn Regensburg
SSV Jahn Regensburg is the local football club and attracts a fairly
large local following. The team was part of a larger sports club
founded in 1889 as Turnerbund Jahn
Regensburg which took its name from
Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, whose ideas of gymnastics greatly influenced
German sport in the 19th century. The football department was created
in 1907. The footballers and swimmers left their parent club in 1924
to form Sportbund Jahn Regensburg.
Regensburg is the local ice hockey club, currently playing in the
Oberliga Süd, Germany's third highest professional league.
Regensburg Legionäre is the baseball and softball club from
Regensburg. The team is also known as Buchbinder Legionäre, following
a sponsorship of the Buchbinder company. The club plays in the German
Bundesliga and is one of the most famous and most successful baseball
clubs in Germany. Several players now in the
MLB formerly played at
the club. Its arena, Armin-Wolf-Arena, was built in 1996 and has a
capacity of 10,000 spectators, making it to Germany's largest baseball
The local athletics club, LG TELIS FINANZ Regensburg, offers a wide
range of different competitions and is counted among the most
successful clubs in Germany.
Honorary photo for
Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI in
Johannes Kepler (1610)
Pope Benedict XVI, professor of theology at the University of
Regensburg from 1969 to 1977, who retains the title honorary
professor; he is not a former resident of the city of Regensburg, but
his house, less than 1 kilometer from the city, lies in
the district of Regensburg. He has been an honorary citizen since
The Princely House of Thurn und Taxis, a German noble family and one
of Europe's largest landowners
Joseph Hanisch, musician, composer and organist.
Albrecht Altdorfer (printmaker, painter of landscapes, historical and
Biblical subjects of the Renaissance)
Willie Duncan (Spider Murphy Gang)
Ulrich Eberl, science and technology journalist
The Rev. Dr. Franz Xaver Haberl, one of the most important Roman
Catholic musicians in history, teacher of Perosi (see also Cecilian
Johann Georg Gichtel (1638-1710) was a
German mystic and religious
leader who was a critic of Lutheranism
Johannes Kepler (mathematician and astronomer)
Konrad of Megenberg, scholar and academic
Simone Laudehr (German national team footballer, women's world cup
Albertus Magnus (13th century polymath)
Judah ben Samuel of Regensburg, a 12th–13th century rabbi and
mystic, founder of Chassidei Ashkenaz
Maximilian Oberst, physician who introduced the Oberst method of block
Petachiah of Ratisbon, a 12th–13th century rabbi, best known for his
extensive travels throughout Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the
Hisham Zreiq - (born 1968), award-winning Palestinian Christian
Independent filmmaker, poet and visual artist.
Walter Röhrl (racing driver)
Saint Emmeram, Christian bishop and a martyr, St. Emmeram's Abbey
Andrea Maria Schenkel, best-selling author of
Tannöd and other works.
Emanuel Schikaneder (Librettist of The Magic Flute)
Oskar Schindler (1908–1974), German industrialist (after World War
II until his emigration to Argentina)
Ulrich Schmidl (supposed co-founder of Buenos Aires)
Anton Vilsmeier, (1894–1962), German chemist best known for the
Vilsmeier-Haack reaction, born in Burgweinting, which is now part of
Regensburg, and attended the Altes Gymnasium in Regensburg
Charles von Hügel, (1795–1870), Austrian army officer, diplomat,
botanist, and explorer
Ulrich of Zell, a
Cluniac reformer of Germany, abbot, founder and
Wolfgang of Regensburg,
Bishop of Regensburg
Elisabeth Elli Erl, winner of German Pop Idol 2004 – singer and
teacher at a German secondary school in Düsseldorf
Ludwig Bemelmans, (1898–1962), Austro-Hungarian born American writer
of children's books and internationally renowned gourmet, spent his
early life in Regensburg
Christian Jagodzinski, multimillionaire, entrepreneur, and investor;
Co-founder of Telebuch.de which later became Amazon.com's presence in
Germany; grew up in Regensburg, now Miami
The Interior of
The Stone Bridge and
Regensburg Cathedral by night
The romanic chapel St. George and Afra
Danube seen from the Stone Bridge
The bay window of the Old Town Hall
Monument of Don Juan de Austria
St. Emmeram's Abbey
Dampfnudel bakery in the Baumburger Turm
The Stone Bridge
Little Boy (Bruckmandl) on the Stone Bridge
Bishops of Regensburg
Jewish history of Regensburg
List of mayors of Regensburg
^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt
für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.
^ a b Deutsche Zentrale für Tourismus e.V. (2015-08-14). "The TOP 100
sights and attractions in
Germany – travel,
breaks, holidays". germany.travel. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
^ "Iron Age Braumeisters of the Teutonic Forests". BeerAdvocate.
Archived from the original on 2006-06-13. Retrieved 2006-06-02.
^ Tellier, L.N. (2009). Urban World History: An
Geographical Perspective. Presses de l'Universite du Quebec.
p. 266. ISBN 9782760522091. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
^ The Biographical Dictionary of the Society for the Diffusion of
Useful Knowledge, Vol. III, Part II (page 623), printed by William
Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street, London, 1844
^ Herald of Destiny by Berel Wein. New York: Shaar Press, 1993, page
^ Karen Lemiski, Focus on Philately: The stamps of Regensburg, Camp
Ganghofersiedlung in The Ukrainian Weekly, February 4, 2001, No. 5,
^ "Europeprize". europeprize.net. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
^ Ursula Hagner (26 November 2009). "Europäische Wetterlagen" (PDF).
Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved
^ "World Weather Information Service – Regensburg". June 2011.
Regensburg - Station
Regensburg (365 m)". Wetterdienst.de.
Retrieved 28 July 2017.
Regensburg Theaters". regensburgtravel.com. Retrieved
^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Regensburg" (PDF). Stadt
Regensburg – Amt für Stadtentwicklung. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
Regensburg – Abteilung Statistik". statistik.regensburg.de.
^ "Who is
Aberdeen twinned with?".
Aberdeen City Council. Archived
from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-03-02.
^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation
pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales
(Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the
original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26.
^ "Prognos Zukunftsatlas 2013: Ergebnisübersicht Gesamtranking"
(PDF). 7 November 2013. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
^ "OTTI – Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut e.V."
otti.de. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
Regensburg – Abteilung Statistik". statistik.regensburg.de.
^ "Energienutzungsplan Stadt
Regensburg – Teilbericht C –
Ist-Zustand Erzeugung" (PDF). 16 April 2014. Retrieved
^ "Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland – Interaktive Karten –
AI014-1". www-genesis.destatis.de. Retrieved 2015-08-16.
^ Wirtschaftswoche, Nr. 49, 2014, Städteranking, p. 28
^ Christiaan Sepp (1879), "Gichtel, Johann Georg", Allgemeine Deutsche
Biographie (ADB) (in German), 9, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot,
^ "Book of Nature". World Digital Library. 1481. Retrieved
David L. Sheffler, Schools and Schooling in Late
Regensburg, 1250–1500 (Leiden, Brill, 2008) (Education and Society
Middle Ages and Renaissance, 33).
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Regensburg".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Regensburg.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Regensburg.
Wikisource has the text of the 1920
Encyclopedia Americana article
City website (in German with international pages)
Virtual tour of Regensburg
Stone Bridge of
Regensburg Digital Media Archive (creative
commons-licensed photos, laser scans, panoramas), mainly covering the
medieval Stone Bridge but also including surrounding areas, with data
from a Christofori und Partner/
CyArk research partnership
Regensburg – Pictures, Sights and more
Great privilege for
Regensburg by King Philip of Swabia for Regensburg
from 1207 taken from the collections of the Lichtbildarchiv älterer
Originalurkunden at Marburg University
"Here Their Stories Will Be Told..." The Valley of the Communities at
Yad Vashem, Regensburg, at
Yad Vashem website.
Germany by population
Freiburg im Breisgau
Mülheim an der Ruhr
Offenbach am Main
cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants
Bavarian Circle (1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire
Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower
Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon
Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral
Rhenish · Unencircled
Free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire
Weißenburg in Bayern
Free Imperial Cities as of 1648
Lost imperial immediacy or no longer part of the Holy
Roman Empire by
Weißenburg in ElsaßD
D Member of the Décapole
H Member of the Hanseatic League
S Member or associate of the Swiss Confederacy
World Heritage Sites in Germany
For official site names, see each article or the List of World
Heritage Sites in Germany.
Fagus Factory in Alfeld
Berlin Modernism Housing Estates
Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin
Palaces and Parks of
Potsdam and Berlin
Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen
Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of
Goslar and Upper Harz Water
Speicherstadt and Kontorhaus District with
Chilehaus in Hamburg
St. Mary's Cathedral and St. Michael's Church at Hildesheim
Hanseatic City of Lübeck
Historic Centres of
Stralsund and Wismar
Bauhaus and its Sites in Weimar and Dessau
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz
Dresden Elbe Valley (delisted in 2009)
Luther Memorials in
Eisleben and Wittenberg
Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski1
Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg
Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl
Carolingian Westwork and Civitas Corvey
Upper Middle Rhine Valley
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in
Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex
Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen
Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier (Weissenhof Estate)
Town of Bamberg
Frontiers of the Roman Empire:2 Upper Germanic & Rhaetian Limes
Margravial Opera House
Old Town of
Regensburg with Stadtamhof
Monastic Island of Reichenau
Pilgrimage Church of Wies
Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3
Caves and Ice Age Art in the Swabian Jura
Ancient Beech Forests4
Messel Pit Fossil Site
1 Shared with Poland
2 Shared with the United Kingdom
3 Shared with Austria, France, Italy, Slovenia and Switzerland
4 Shared with Slovakia and Ukraine
5 Shared with the Netherlands and Denmark
Urban and rural districts in the Free State of
Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim
Neustadt an der Waldnaab
List of islands in the Danube
List of crossings of the Danube
Displaced persons camps in post-
World War II
World War II Europe
Sites in the
München Neu Freimann
Braunau am Inn
Ried im Innkreis
Sites in the
Sites in Italy
Santa Maria di Leuca
Santa Maria di Bagni