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Damanhur
DAMANHUR (Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: دمنهور‎ Damanhūr , IPA: ; Egyptian : Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w ; Coptic : ϯⲙⲓⲛϩⲱⲣ; Ancient Greek : Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μικρά Hermopolis Mikra) is a city in Lower Egypt
Egypt
, and the capital of the Beheira Governorate
Beheira Governorate
. It is located 160 km (99 mi) northwest of Cairo
Cairo
, and 70 km (43 mi) E.S.E. of Alexandria
Alexandria
, in the middle of the western Nile Delta
Nile Delta
. In Ancient Egypt
Egypt
, the city was the capital of Lower Egypt
Egypt
's 7th Nome of A-MENT . It stood on the banks of a canal which connected the lake Mareotis with the Canopic or most westerly arm of the Nile
Nile
. The city was dedicated to the Ancient Egyptian god Horus
Horus

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Arabic
ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎‎, al-ʻarabiyyah ( listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎‎ ʻarabī ( listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language complex that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world . It is named after the Arabs , a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic
Modern Standard Arabic
) is derived from Classical Arabic
Classical Arabic
. It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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Islamic Conquest
Islamic expansion: under Muhammad
Muhammad
, 622–632 under Rashidun caliphs , 632–661 under Umayyad caliphs , 661–750 BELLIGERENTS See list * Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire

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Northern Coast Of Egypt
The NORTHERN COAST OF EGYPT (Egyptian Arabic : الساحل الشمالى‎ El Sāḥel El Šamāli, NORTH COAST, commonly shortened to الساحل El Sāḥel, "the coast") extends for about 1,050 km (650 mi) along the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
from the eastern side of the Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
at the Egypt-Gaza border to the western village of Sallum at Egypt
Egypt
's border with Libya
Libya
. It is one of the longest Mediterranean coastlines in North Africa
North Africa
. The city of Alexandria
Alexandria
lies at the center of Egypt's Mediterranean coastline in Lower Egypt
Egypt
(northern Egypt), as chosen by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCE
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Hot Desert Climate
The DESERT CLIMATE (in the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
BWh and BWk, sometimes also BWn), also known as an arid climate, is a climate that does not meet the criteria to be classified as a polar climate , and in which precipitation is too low to sustain any vegetation at all, or at most a very scanty shrub. An area that features this climate usually experiences from 25 to 200 mm (7.87 inches) per year of precipitation and in some years may experience no precipitation at all. Averages may be even less such as in Arica , Chile
Chile
, where precipitation normals annually stand at around 1 mm per year
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Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification System
KöPPEN CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen
Wladimir Köppen
in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, German climatologist Rudolf Geiger (1954, 1961) collaborated with Köppen on changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the KöPPEN–GEIGER CLIMATE CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM. The Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system has been further modified, within the Trewartha climate classification system in the middle 1960s (revised in 1980). The Trewartha system sought to create a more refined middle latitude climate zone, which was one of the criticisms of the Köppen system (the C climate group was too broad)
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Apollo
APOLLO (Attic , Ionic , and Homeric Greek : Ἀπόλλων, Apollōn (GEN Ἀπόλλωνος); Doric : Ἀπέλλων, Apellōn; Arcadocypriot : Ἀπείλων, Apeilōn; Aeolic : Ἄπλουν, Aploun; Latin : Apollō) is one of the most important and complex of the Olympian deities in classical Greek and Roman religion and Greek and Roman mythology . The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo
Apollo
has been variously recognized as a god of music, truth and prophecy, healing, the sun and light, plague, poetry, and more. Apollo
Apollo
is the son of Zeus
Zeus
and Leto
Leto
, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis
Artemis
. Apollo
Apollo
is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu
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Nobel Prize For Chemistry
Tomas Lindahl Paul L. Modrich Aziz Sancar (2015) NOBEL LAUREATE(S) IN CHEMISTRY Jean-Pierre Sauvage J. Fraser Stoddart Ben Feringa (2016) The NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY (Swedish : Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
to scientists in the various fields of chemistry . It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel
in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics , literature , peace , and physiology or medicine . This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
on proposal of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry
Chemistry
which consists of five members elected by Academy
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Antonine Itinerary
The ANTONINE ITINERARY (Latin : Itinerarium Antonini Augusti, lit. "The Itinerary of the Emperor Antoninus ") is a famous itinerarium , a register of the stations and distances along various roads. Seemingly based on official documents, possibly from a survey carried out under Augustus
Augustus
, it describes the roads of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
. Owing to the scarcity of other extant records of this type, it is a valuable historical record. Almost nothing is known of its date or author. Scholars consider it likely that the original edition was prepared at the beginning of the 3rd century: although it is traditionally ascribed to the patronage of the 2nd-century Antoninus Pius
Antoninus Pius
, the oldest extant copy has been assigned to the time of Diocletian and the most likely imperial patron—if the work had one—would have been Caracalla
Caracalla

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Roman Catholic
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian Church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
, known as the Pope
Pope
, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed . Its central administration, the Holy See , is in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved within Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Titular See
A TITULAR SEE in various churches is an episcopal see of a former diocese that no longer functions, sometimes called a "dead diocese". The ordinary or hierarch of such a see may be styled a "titular metropolitan" (highest rank), "titular archbishop" (intermediary rank) or "titular bishop " (lowest rank), which normally goes by the status conferred on the titular see. The term is used to signify a diocese that no longer functionally exists, often because the diocese once flourished but the territory was conquered for Islam or no longer functions because of a schism . The Greek–Turkish population exchange of 1923 also contributed to titular bishoprics. The see of Maximianoupolis was destroyed along with the town that shared its name by the Bulgarians under Emperor Kaloyan in 1207; the town and the see were under the control of the Latin Empire , which took Constantinople during the Fourth Crusade in 1204
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Ahmed H. Zewail
AHMED HASSAN ZEWAIL (Egyptian Arabic : أحمد حسن زويل‎, IPA: ; February 26, 1946 – August 2, 2016) was an Egyptian-American scientist, known as the "father of femtochemistry ". He was awarded the 1999 Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Chemistry
Chemistry
for his work on femtochemistry and became the first Egyptian to win a Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in a scientific field. He was the Linus Pauling
Linus Pauling
Chair Professor of Chemistry, Professor of Physics, and the director of the Physical Biology Center for Ultrafast Science and Technology at the California Institute of Technology
California Institute of Technology
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Career * 2.1 Research * 2.2 Political work * 2.3 Awards and honors * 3 Personal life * 4 Death and funeral * 5 Publications * 5.1 Scientific * 5.2 Biographical * 5.3 Remembering Ahmed H
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Mediterranean Sea
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean , surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin
Mediterranean Basin
and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe
Southern Europe
and Anatolia , on the south by North Africa , and on the east by the Levant
Levant
. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years before being refilled by the Zanclean flood . The name Mediterranean is derived from the Latin
Latin
mediterraneus, meaning "inland" or "in the middle of land" (from medius, "middle" and terra, "land")
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Precipitation (meteorology)
In meteorology , PRECIPITATION is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity . The main forms of precipitation include drizzle , rain , sleet , snow , graupel and hail . Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud
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Holy Land
The HOLY LAND (Hebrew : אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ Eretz HaKodesh, Latin : Terra Sancta; Arabic : الأرض المقدسة Al-Arḍ Al-Muqaddasah) is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
that also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan
Jordan
River. Traditionally, it is synonymous with both the biblical Land of Israel
Land of Israel
and historical Palestine . The term usually refers to a territory roughly corresponding to the modern State of Israel
Israel
, the Palestinian territories , western Jordan
Jordan
, and parts of southern Lebanon
Lebanon
and southwestern Syria
Syria
. It is considered holy by Jews
Jews
, Christians , and Muslims
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Yaakov Abuhatzeira
YAAKOV ABUHATZEIRA, also known as the ABIR YAAKOV and ABU HASIRA (1806–1880), was a leading Moroccan-Jewish rabbi of the 19th century. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Pilgrimage * 3 Descendants * 4 References BIOGRAPHYIn 1879, Abuhatzeira left his native Morocco
Morocco
and embarked on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land
Holy Land
via Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. While passing through the Egyptian Nile Delta city of Damanhour
Damanhour
, he grew ill and died. He was buried in Damanhour, where his tomb has become a site of pilgrimage. PILGRIMAGEEvery year on the 19th of Tevet a ceremony is held at his tomb in Egypt, often attended by hundreds of devotees, many travelling from Israel. The tomb is an official antiquity site protected by the government of Egypt. Some Egyptians have protested against permitting Israeli pilgrims to enter Egypt to make the annual pilgrimage to Rabbi Abuhatzeira's tomb
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