Arabic : دمنهور Damanhūr , IPA: ;
Egyptian : Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w ; Coptic : ϯⲙⲓⲛϩⲱⲣ; Ancient
Greek : Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μικρά Hermopolis Mikra) is a city
Egypt , and the capital of the
Beheira Governorate . It is
located 160 km (99 mi) northwest of
Cairo , and 70 km (43 mi) E.S.E.
Alexandria , in the middle of the western
Nile Delta .
Egypt , the city was the capital of Lower
Egypt 's 7th
Nome of A-MENT . It stood on the banks of a canal which connected the
Mareotis with the
Canopic or most westerly arm of the
Nile . The
city was dedicated to the Ancient Egyptian god
Horus . In Greek and
Roman times, it was called Hermopolis Mikra or Hermopolis Parva, which
would also give it an association with
Hermes , the Egyptian
As Hermopolis, the city attracted the notice of numerous ancient
Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium s. v.,
Strabo (xvii. p.
Ptolemy (iv. 5. § 46), and the author of the Antonine Itinerary
(p. 154). It is a
Roman Catholic titular see .
In 1986, the population of
Damanhur was 188,939. The richly
cultivated Beheira province gives rise to mainly agricultural
industries which include cotton ginning, potato processing, and date
picking. It also has a market for cotton and rice.
Ahmed H. Zewail , who won the
Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1999, was
Damanhur in 1946.
* 1 Etymology
* 2 Climate
* 3 Tomb of Jakov Abuhassira (or simply Abo Hassira)
* 4 References
* 5 External links
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Damanhur Opera House
Damanhur was known in the ancient Egyptian scripts by the name "Dmi
en Hor", which means the city of the god Hor or
Horus , on the grounds
that it was a center for the worship of this god. It was also known by
other names: in the Egyptian texts, "Behdet"; in the Greek texts
"Hermou Polis Mikra" (the lesser city of Hermes), translated to Latin
by the Romans as "Hermopolis Parva"; the name "Obollenoboles" (or
Apollonopolis) associated it with the Greek god
Apollo , and it was
also called "Tel Ballamon". Later, the Egyptians reverted to the old
name, represented as "Temenhor", which after the
Islamic conquest was
Arabic as "Damanhur", the present name.
Being located close to the
Nile Delta and the northern coast of Egypt
, that give
Damanhur a hot desert climate (Köppen : BWh), moderated
by blowing winds coming from the
Mediterranean Sea , typical to the
coast. The city gets average precipitation during winter , and rare
rain during other seasons .
Hail and frost are not unknown
specifically during winter.
CLIMATE DATA FOR DAMANHUR, EGYPT
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
TOMB OF JAKOV ABUHASSIRA (OR SIMPLY ABO HASSIRA)
A nearby town called Damityo (3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of
Damanhur) contains the tomb of the shoemaker Yaakov Abuhatzeira
(1805–1880), a Moroccan rabbi who died there in 1880 while on a
pilgrimage to the
Holy Land . The site is visited each year by
hundreds of devotees, with protests from local inhabitants. A high
Egypt officially removed the tomb from a list of sites of
historical value, so Egyptian government protection stopped. Some
Egyptians have protested against permitting Jews to enter
make the annual pilgrimage to Rabbi Abuhatzeira's tomb.
Champollion , L'Egypte, vol. ii. p. 249
* ^ "Damanhūr". Encyclopædia Britannica . 7 (11th ed.). 1911. p.
* ^ "Climate:
Damanhur - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate
table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
* ^ Barak, David. Mubarak to allow Jewish pilgrims to visit famous