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DAMANHUR (Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: دمنهور‎ Damanhūr , IPA: ; Egyptian : Dmỉ-n-Ḥr.w ; Coptic : ϯⲙⲓⲛϩⲱⲣ; Ancient Greek : Ἑρμοῦ πόλις μικρά Hermopolis Mikra) is a city in Lower Egypt
Egypt
, and the capital of the Beheira Governorate
Beheira Governorate
. It is located 160 km (99 mi) northwest of Cairo
Cairo
, and 70 km (43 mi) E.S.E. of Alexandria
Alexandria
, in the middle of the western Nile Delta
Nile Delta
.

In Ancient Egypt
Egypt
, the city was the capital of Lower Egypt
Egypt
's 7th Nome of A-MENT . It stood on the banks of a canal which connected the lake Mareotis with the Canopic or most westerly arm of the Nile
Nile
. The city was dedicated to the Ancient Egyptian god Horus
Horus
. In Greek and Roman times, it was called Hermopolis Mikra or Hermopolis Parva, which would also give it an association with Hermes
Hermes
, the Egyptian Thoth
Thoth
. As Hermopolis, the city attracted the notice of numerous ancient geographers, including Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v., Strabo
Strabo
(xvii. p. 802), Ptolemy
Ptolemy
(iv. 5. § 46), and the author of the Antonine Itinerary (p. 154). It is a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
titular see .

In 1986, the population of Damanhur
Damanhur
was 188,939. The richly cultivated Beheira province gives rise to mainly agricultural industries which include cotton ginning, potato processing, and date picking. It also has a market for cotton and rice.

Ahmed H. Zewail , who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1999, was born in Damanhur
Damanhur
in 1946.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Climate * 3 Tomb of Jakov Abuhassira (or simply Abo Hassira) * 4 References * 5 External links

ETYMOLOGY

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Damanhur
Damanhur
Opera House

Damanhur
Damanhur
was known in the ancient Egyptian scripts by the name "Dmi en Hor", which means the city of the god Hor or Horus
Horus
, on the grounds that it was a center for the worship of this god. It was also known by other names: in the Egyptian texts, "Behdet"; in the Greek texts "Hermou Polis Mikra" (the lesser city of Hermes), translated to Latin by the Romans as "Hermopolis Parva"; the name "Obollenoboles" (or Apollonopolis) associated it with the Greek god Apollo
Apollo
, and it was also called "Tel Ballamon". Later, the Egyptians reverted to the old name, represented as "Temenhor", which after the Islamic conquest was reinterpreted in Arabic
Arabic
as "Damanhur", the present name.

CLIMATE

See also: Nile Delta
Nile Delta

Being located close to the Nile Delta
Nile Delta
and the northern coast of Egypt , that give Damanhur
Damanhur
a hot desert climate (Köppen : BWh), moderated by blowing winds coming from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
, typical to the coast. The city gets average precipitation during winter , and rare rain during other seasons . Hail
Hail
and frost are not unknown specifically during winter.

CLIMATE DATA FOR DAMANHUR, EGYPT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 19.1 (66.4) 21.7 (71.1) 25.6 (78.1) 29.4 (84.9) 31.2 (88.2) 32 (90) 32.3 (90.1) 30.8 (87.4) 29.1 (84.4) 24.8 (76.6) 20.3 (68.5) 26.22 (79.22)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 13 (55) 13.6 (56.5) 15.8 (60.4) 19 (66) 22.7 (72.9) 25 (77) 26.2 (79.2) 26.4 (79.5) 25.1 (77.2) 23.2 (73.8) 19.4 (66.9) 15 (59) 20.37 (68.62)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 7.8 (46) 8.2 (46.8) 9.9 (49.8) 12.4 (54.3) 16 (61) 18.9 (66) 20.5 (68.9) 20.6 (69.1) 19.4 (66.9) 17.3 (63.1) 14 (57) 9.7 (49.5) 14.56 (58.2)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 25 (0.98) 21 (0.83) 9 (0.35) 4 (0.16) 3 (0.12) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 5 (0.2) 13 (0.51) 22 (0.87) 102 (4.02)

Source: Climate-Data.org

TOMB OF JAKOV ABUHASSIRA (OR SIMPLY ABO HASSIRA)

A nearby town called Damityo (3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south of Damanhur) contains the tomb of the shoemaker Yaakov Abuhatzeira (1805–1880), a Moroccan rabbi who died there in 1880 while on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land
Holy Land
. The site is visited each year by hundreds of devotees, with protests from local inhabitants. A high court in Egypt
Egypt
officially removed the tomb from a list of sites of historical value, so Egyptian government protection stopped. Some Egyptians have protested against permitting Jews to enter Egypt
Egypt
to make the annual pilgrimage to Rabbi Abuhatzeira's tomb.

REFERENCES

* ^ Champollion
Champollion
, L'Egypte, vol. ii. p. 249 * ^ "Damanhūr". Encyclopædia Britannica . 7 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 783. * ^ "Climate: Damanhur
Damanhur
- Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 13 August 2013. * ^ Barak, David. Mubarak to allow Jewish pilgrims to visit famous rabbi\'s tomb,