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Conquistadores
Conquistadors /kɒŋˈkɪstəˌdɔːrz/ (from Portuguese or Spanish conquistadores "conquerors"; Spanish pronunciation: [koŋkistaˈðoɾes], Portuguese pronunciation: [kũkiʃtɐˈdoɾis], [kõkiʃtɐˈðoɾɨʃ]) is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire or the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
in a general sense.[1][2] During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes
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Conquistador (other)
Disambiguation usually refers to word-sense disambiguation, the process of identifying which meaning of a word is used in context. Disambiguation may also refer to:Sentence boundary disambiguation, the problem in natural language processing of deciding where sentences begin and end Syntactic disambiguation, the problem of resolving syntactic ambiguity Memory disambiguation, a set of microprocessor execution techniquesMusic[edit]Ø (Disambiguation), a 2010 album by Underoath Disambiguation (Pandelis Karayorgis album), a 2002 album by Pandelis Karayorgis and Mat ManeriSee also[edit]Ambiguity, an attribute of any concept, idea, statement or claim whose meaning, intention or interpretation cannot be definitively resolvedThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Disambiguation. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the
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Wenceslaus Linck
Wenceslaus Linck (Wenceslau Linck) (1736 – after 1790) was the last of the outstanding Jesuit
Jesuit
missionary-explorers in Baja California. Born in Bohemia
Bohemia
(now part of the Czech Republic), he entered the Jesuit
Jesuit
order at age 18 and studied at Brno
Brno
and Prague. In New Spain, he continued his studies in Mexico City
Mexico City
and Puebla
Puebla
between 1756 and 1761. In 1762 he was sent to Baja California, initially to Santa Gertrudis, at that time the northernmost Jesuit
Jesuit
establishment[citation needed]
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India Catalina
India Catalina
India Catalina
(c. 1495 – ?) was an indigenous woman (almost certainly Calamari) from the Colombian Atlantic
Atlantic
coast, who accompanied Pedro de Heredia
Pedro de Heredia
and played a role in the Spanish conquest of Colombia, acting as interpreter and intermediary.Contents1 History 2 Monument 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] Catalina was abducted in 1509 by Spanish conqueror Diego de Nicuesa from an indigenous settlement known as Zamba o Galerazamba, where she was the daughter of the local chief. She was sent to Santo Domingo, where she learned the Spanish language
Spanish language
and adopted the Catholic religion. Pedro de Heredia
Pedro de Heredia
required her to serve as an interpreter to the Native Americans
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La Malinche
La Malinche
Malinche
(Spanish pronunciation: [la maˈlintʃe]; c. 1496 or c. 1501 – c. 1529), known also as Malinalli [maliˈnalːi], Malintzin [maˈlintsin] or Doña Marina [ˈdoɲa maˈɾina], was a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, acting as an interpreter, advisor, and intermediary for the Spanish conquistador, Hernán Cortés
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Juan De Fuca
Ioannis Phokas (Greek: Ἰωάννης Φωκᾶς), better known by the Spanish translation of his name, Juan de Fuca
Juan de Fuca
(born 1536 on the Ionian island of Cefalonia; died there 1602[1][2]), was a Greek maritime pilot in the service of the King of Spain, Philip II. He is best known for his claim to have explored the Strait of Anián, now known as the Strait of Juan de Fuca, between Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
(now part of British Columbia, Canada) and the Olympic Peninsula (northwestern Washington state, United States).Contents1 Family and early life1.1 Name2 Early career 3 Voyages to the north 4 Controversy 5 Legacy 6 Notes 7 Further readingFamily and early life[edit] Phokás's grandfather, Emmanouíl Phokás (Ἐμμανουὴλ Φωκᾶς), fled Constantinople
Constantinople
at its fall in 1453, accompanied by his brother Andrónikos (Ἀνδρόνικος)
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Strait Of Juan De Fuca
The Strait of Juan de Fuca
Juan de Fuca
(officially named Juan de Fuca
Juan de Fuca
Strait in Canada[1]) is a large body of water about 154 kilometres (96 mi) long[2] that is the Salish Sea's outlet to the Pacific Ocean. The international boundary between Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
runs down the center of the Strait. It was named in 1787 by the maritime fur trader Charles William Barkley, captain of the Imperial Eagle, for Juan de Fuca, the Greek navigator who sailed in a Spanish expedition in 1592 to seek the fabled Strait of Anián
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Vancouver Island
Vancouver
Vancouver
Island is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean, just off the coast of Canada. It is part of the Canadian province of British Columbia. The island is 460 kilometres (290 mi) in length, 100 kilometres (62 mi) in width at its widest point,[5] and 32,134 km2 (12,407 sq mi) in area
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Washington (state)
Washington (/ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/ ( listen)), officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest
Pacific Northwest
region of the United States. Named after George Washington, the first president of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory, which was ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty
Oregon Treaty
in the settlement of the Oregon
Oregon
boundary dispute. It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital. Washington is sometimes referred to as Washington State to distinguish it from Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, which is often shortened to Washington. Washington is the 18th largest state with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km2), and the 13th most populous state with over 7.4 million people
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Nikolaus Federmann
Nikolaus Federmann
Nikolaus Federmann
(Spanish: Nicolás de Federmán) (c. 1505, Ulm
Ulm
– February 1542, Valladolid) was a German adventurer and conquistador in the colonies of Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia. He is a significant figure in the history of Klein-Venedig
Klein-Venedig
(1528–1546), the concession of Venezuela
Venezuela
Province to the Welser
Welser
banking family by Charles I of Spain.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Miscellaneous 4 References 5 External linksLife[edit] Nikolaus Federmann
Nikolaus Federmann
was born in Ulm
Ulm
(Baden-Württemberg) around 1505. In 1529 he was sent to Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
by the Welser
Welser
family of Augsburg, who had signed an agreement to explore the territory of Venezuela
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Sebastian Cabot (explorer)
Sebastian Cabot (Italian and Venetian: Sebastiano Caboto, Spanish: Sebastián Caboto, Gaboto or Cabot; c. 1474 – c. December 1557) was an Italian explorer, likely born in the Venetian Republic. He was the son of Italian explorer John Cabot
John Cabot
(Giovanni Caboto) and his Venetian wife Mattea. After his father's death, Cabot conducted his own voyages of discovery, seeking the Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
through North America for England. He later sailed for Spain, traveling to South America, where he explored the Rio de la Plata
Rio de la Plata
and established two new forts.Contents1 Early life and education1.1 1494 Cabot scouting expedition2 Early career with England and Spain 3 Marriages and family 4 Service to Spain 5 Later years 6 Reputation 7 Honors 8 Sources 9 References 10 External linksEarly life and education[edit] Accounts differ as to Sebastian Cabot's place and date of birth
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Georg Von Speyer
Georg von Speyer
Speyer
(1500, Speyer, Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
– 11 June 1540, Coro, Venezuela) was a German conquistador in New Granada, now Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia. His birth name was Georg Hohermuth but he chose to call himself after his place of birth. He is sometimes referred to as Jorge de la Espira, his name in Spanish
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Eusebio Kino
Eusebio Francisco Kino (10 August 1645 – 15 March 1711) was an Italian Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer. For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta, modern-day Sonora
Sonora
in Mexico
Mexico
and southern Arizona
Arizona
in the United States. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Tohono O'Odham, Sobaipuri
Sobaipuri
and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that the Baja California Peninsula
Baja California Peninsula
is not an island by leading an overland expedition there
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Ferdinand Konščak
Ferdinand Konščak
Ferdinand Konščak
(Spanish: Fernando Consag) (December 2, 1703 – September 10, 1759) was a Croatian Jesuit missionary, explorer and cartographer.Contents1 Education 2 Missionary 3 Expeditions 4 Maps and writings 5 Memories 6 References 7 External linksEducation[edit] Konščak was born in Varaždin, Croatia, and attended primary and secondary school in his native city. At sixteen he finished the expected grades and was admitted to the novitiate of the Society of Jesus in Trenčín, Slovakia, where he stayed for two years. He was then sent to Leoben
Leoben
in Styria to study classics, stylistics, and rhetoric. Later he studied philosophy in Graz, Austria and in 1725–1726 he lectured on the Elements of Grammar
Grammar
at the Jesuit Academy in Zagreb
Zagreb
in Croatia
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Hernando De Soto
Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto
(Spanish pronunciation: [erˈnando ðe ˈsoto]; c. 1495 – May 21, 1542) was a Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the first Spanish and European expedition deep into the territory of the modern-day United States (through Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and most likely Arkansas). He is the first European documented as having crossed the Mississippi
Mississippi
River.[4] De Soto's North American expedition was a vast undertaking. It ranged throughout the southeastern United States, both searching for gold, which had been reported by various Indian tribes and earlier coastal explorers, and for a passage to China
China
or the Pacific coast
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Amerigo Vespucci
Amerigo Vespucci
Amerigo Vespucci
(Italian pronunciation: [ameˈriːɡo vesˈputtʃi]; March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated in about 1502 that Brazil
Brazil
and the West Indies
West Indies
did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus' voyages, but instead constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto unknown to people of the Old World
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