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Conquistadores
CONQUISTADORS /kɒŋˈkɪstəˌdɔːrz/ (from Portuguese or Spanish conquistadores "conquerors"; Spanish pronunciation: , Portuguese pronunciation: , ) is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
or the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
in a general sense. During the Age of Discovery
Age of Discovery
, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes. They colonized much of the world for Spain and Portugal
Portugal
in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries
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Georg Von Speyer
GEORG VON SPEYER (1500, Speyer
Speyer
, Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
– 11 June 1540, Coro , Venezuela
Venezuela
) was a German conquistador in New Granada , now Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia
Colombia
. His birth name was GEORG HOHERMUTH but he chose to call himself after his place of birth. He is sometimes referred to as JORGE DE LA ESPIRA, his name in Spanish. He is a significant figure in the history of Klein-Venedig (1528 - 1546), the concession of Venezuela
Venezuela
Province to the Welser banking family by Charles I of Spain
Spain

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Sebastian Cabot (explorer)
SEBASTIAN CABOT (Italian and Venetian : Sebastiano Caboto, Spanish : Sebastián Caboto, Gaboto or Cabot; c. 1474 – c. December 1557) was an Italian explorer , likely born in the Venetian Republic
Venetian Republic
. He was the son of Italian explorer John Cabot
John Cabot
(Giovanni Caboto) and his Venetian wife Mattea. After his father's death, Cabot conducted his own voyages of discovery, seeking the Northwest Passage
Northwest Passage
through North America for England. He later sailed for Spain, traveling to South America, where he explored the Rio de la Plata
Rio de la Plata
and established two new forts
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Eusebio Kino
EUSEBIO FRANCISCO KINO, (10 August 1645 – 15 March 1711) was an Italian Jesuit
Jesuit
, missionary , geographer , explorer , cartographer and astronomer . For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta
Pimería Alta
, modern-day Sonora
Sonora
in Mexico
Mexico
and southern Arizona
Arizona
in the United States
United States
. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Tohono O\'Odham , Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that the Baja California Peninsula
Baja California Peninsula
is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas (country chapels or visiting stations)
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Wenceslaus Linck
WENCESLAUS LINCK (Wenceslau Linck) (1736 – after 1790) was the last of the outstanding Jesuit
Jesuit
missionary-explorers in Baja California
Baja California
. Born in Bohemia
Bohemia
(now part of the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
), he entered the Jesuit
Jesuit
order at age 18 and studied at Brno
Brno
and Prague
Prague
. In New Spain
New Spain
, he continued his studies in Mexico City
Mexico City
and Puebla
Puebla
between 1756 and 1761. In 1762 he was sent to Baja California, initially to Santa Gertrudis , at that time the northernmost Jesuit
Jesuit
establishment
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Ferdinand Konščak
FERDINAND KONščAK (Spanish : Fernando Consag) (December 2, 1703 – September 10, 1759) was a Croatian Jesuit missionary , explorer and cartographer . CONTENTS * 1 Education * 2 Missionary
Missionary
* 3 Expeditions * 4 Maps and writings * 5 Memories * 6 References * 7 External links EDUCATIONKonščak was born in Varaždin
Varaždin
, Croatia
Croatia
, and attended primary and secondary school in his native city. At sixteen he finished the expected grades and was admitted to the novitiate of the Society of Jesus in Trenčín
Trenčín
, Slovakia
Slovakia
, where he stayed for two years. He was then sent to Leoben in Styria to study classics, stylistics, and rhetoric
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Nikolaus Federmann
NIKOLAUS FEDERMANN (Spanish: Nicolás de Federmán) (c. 1505, Ulm
Ulm
– February 1542, Valladolid
Valladolid
) was a German adventurer and conquistador in the colonies of Venezuela
Venezuela
and Colombia
Colombia
. He is a significant figure in the history of Klein-Venedig (1528–1546), the concession of Venezuela
Venezuela
Province to the Welser banking family by Charles I of Spain
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Washington (state)
WASHINGTON (/ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/ ( listen )), officially the STATE OF WASHINGTON, is a state in the Pacific Northwest
Pacific Northwest
region of the United States . Named after George Washington
George Washington
, the first President of the United States, the state was made out of the western part of the Washington Territory , which was ceded by Britain in 1846 in accordance with the Oregon Treaty in the settlement of the Oregon boundary dispute . It was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. Olympia is the state capital . Washington is sometimes referred to as WASHINGTON STATE to distinguish it from Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, the capital of the United States, which is often shortened to Washington. Washington is the 18th largest state with an area of 71,362 square miles (184,827 km2), and the 13th most populous state with over 7.4 million people
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La Malinche
LA MALINCHE (Spanish pronunciation: ; c. 1496 or c. 1501 – c. 1529), known also as MALINALLI , MALINTZIN or DOñA MARINA , was a Nahua woman from the Mexican Gulf Coast, who played a role in the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
, acting as an interpreter, advisor, lover, and intermediary for the Spanish conquistador, Hernán Cortés . She was one of 20 women slaves given to the Spaniards by the natives of Tabasco
Tabasco
in 1519. Later, she became a mistress to Cortés and gave birth to his first son, Martín , who is considered one of the first Mestizos
Mestizos
(people of mixed European and indigenous American ancestry). The historical figure of Marina has been intermixed with Aztec legends (such as La Llorona , a woman who weeps for her lost children)
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Juan De Fuca
IOANNIS PHOKAS (Greek : Ιωάννης Φωκάς), better known by the Spanish translation of his name, JUAN DE FUCA (born 1536 on the Ionian island of Cefalonia
Cefalonia
; died there 1602 ), was a Greek maritime pilot in the service of the King of Spain
Spain
, Philip II . He is best known for his claim to have explored the Strait of Anián , now known as the Strait of Juan de Fuca
Strait of Juan de Fuca
, between Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
(now part of British Columbia
British Columbia
, Canada
Canada
) and the Olympic Peninsula
Olympic Peninsula
(northwestern Washington state , United States
United States
)
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Strait Of Juan De Fuca
The STRAIT OF JUAN DE FUCA (officially named JUAN DE FUCA STRAIT in Canada
Canada
) is a large body of water about 95 miles (153 km) long that is the Salish Sea
Salish Sea
's outlet to the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. The international boundary between Canada
Canada
and the United States
United States
runs down the center of the Strait. It was named in 1787 by the maritime fur trader Charles William Barkley , captain of the Imperial Eagle , for Juan de Fuca , the Greek navigator who sailed in a Spanish expedition in 1592 to seek the fabled Strait of Anián
Strait of Anián
. Barkley was the first non-indigenous person to find the strait, unless Juan de Fuca's story was true
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Vancouver Island
VANCOUVER ISLAND is in the northeastern Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
, just off the coast of Canada
Canada
. It is part of the Canadian province of British Columbia . The island is 460 kilometres (290 mi) in length, 100 kilometres (62 mi) in width at its widest point, and 32,134 km2 (12,407 sq mi) in area. It is the largest island on the West Coast of North America. The southern part of Vancouver
Vancouver
Island is the only part of British Columbia or Western Canada
Canada
to lie south of the 49th Parallel , along with most of the southern Gulf Islands and minor offshore islands. This area has one of the warmest climates in Canada, and since the mid-1990s has been mild enough in a few areas to grow subtropical Mediterranean
Mediterranean
crops such as olives and lemons
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Amerigo Vespucci
AMERIGO VESPUCCI (Italian pronunciation: ; March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer , financier , navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil
Brazil
and the West Indies did not represent Asia's eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus\' voyages , but instead constituted an entirely separate landmass hitherto unknown to people of the Old World
Old World
. Colloquially referred to as the New World
New World
, this second super continent came to be termed " Americas
Americas
", deriving its name from Americus, the Latin
Latin
version of Vespucci's first name
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Aleixo Garcia
ALEIXO GARCIA, also known in Spanish as ALEJO GARCíA (d. 1525 Paraguay
Paraguay
) was a Portuguese explorer and conquistador who explored the Rio de la Plata
Rio de la Plata
in service to Spain , and later Paraguay
Paraguay
and Bolivia
Bolivia
. He was possibly a member of the failed expedition of Juan Díaz de Solís , seeking to find a passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. After reaching the mouths of the Uruguay and Paraná , it was apparent that the Rio de la Plata
Rio de la Plata
was not such a strait. At this point, Solís was killed - on testimony of his crew - by cannibal Indians (variously identified as the Charrúa
Charrúa
or Guaraní ) and his lieutenants opted to return to Spain. On their return, some of their boats were shipwrecked off Santa Catarina in present-day Brazil
Brazil

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Francisco Pizarro
FRANCISCO PIZARRO GONZáLEZ (/pɪˈzɑːroʊ/ ; Spanish: ; c. 1471 – 26 June 1541) was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that conquered the Inca Empire
Inca Empire
. He captured and killed Incan emperor Atahualpa , and claimed the lands for Spain
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Incan Empire
The INCA EMPIRE (Quechua : Tawantinsuyu, lit. "The Four Regions" ), also known as the INCAN EMPIRE and the INKA EMPIRE, was the largest empire in pre-Columbian America , and possibly the largest empire in the world in the early 16th century. The administrative, political and military center of the empire was located in Cusco
Cusco
in modern-day Peru
Peru
. The Inca civilization arose from the highlands of Peru
Peru
sometime in the early 13th century. Its last stronghold was conquered by the Spanish in 1572. From 1438 to 1533, the Incas incorporated a large portion of western South America, centered on the Andean Mountains, using conquest and peaceful assimilation, among other methods
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