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Conquistadores
CONQUISTADORS /kɒŋˈkɪstəˌdɔːrz/ (from Portuguese or Spanish conquistadores "conquerors"; Spanish pronunciation: , Portuguese pronunciation: , ) is a term used to refer to the soldiers and explorers of the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
or the Portuguese Empire in a general sense. During the Age of Discovery , conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa and Asia, conquering territory and opening trade routes. They colonized much of the world for Spain and Portugal
Portugal
in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries
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Conquistador (other)
CONQUISTADOR is a term used for explorers and conquerors during the Age of Discovery
Age of Discovery
CONQUISTADOR may also refer to: SPORT * Conquistador Cielo (1979–2002), a racehorse bred in Florida * Conquistador I, a ring name of
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Age Of Exploration
The AGE OF DISCOVERY or the AGE OF EXPLORATION from the end of the 15th century
15th century
to the 18th century
18th century
, was an informal and loosely defined European historical period marking the time period in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and the beginning of globalization . It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe
Europe
of colonialism and mercantilism . Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents
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Colonialism
COLONIALISM is the policy of a nation seeking to extend or retain its authority over other peoples or territories. Colonialism
Colonialism
involves unequal relationships between the colonial power and the colony and often between the colonists and the indigenous peoples . The _European colonial period _ was the era from the 16th century to the mid-20th century when several European powers established colonies in Asia
Asia
, Africa
Africa
, and the Americas
Americas
. At first the countries followed a policy of mercantilism , designed to strengthen the home economy at the expense of rivals, so the colonies were usually allowed to trade only with the mother country. By the mid-19th century, however, the powerful British Empire
British Empire
gave up mercantilism and trade restrictions and introduced the principle of free trade , with few restrictions or tariffs
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Imperialism
IMPERIALISM is an action that involves a country (usually an empire or kingdom ) extending its power by the acquisition of territories . It may also include the exploitation of these territories, an action that is linked to colonialism . Colonialism
Colonialism
is generally regarded as an expression of imperialism. It is different from New Imperialism
New Imperialism
, as the term imperialism is usually applied to the colonization of the Americas between the 15th and 19th centuries, as opposed to the expansion of Western Powers (and Japan
Japan
) during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. However, both are examples of imperialism. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology and usage * 2 Colonialism
Colonialism
vs
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History Of Colonialism
The historical phenomenon of colonisation is one that stretches around the globe and across time. Modern state global colonialism, or imperialism , began in the 15th century with the " Age of Discovery
Age of Discovery
", led by Portuguese and Spanish exploration of the Americas
Americas
, the coasts of Africa, the Middle East, India and East Asia
East Asia
. The Spanish and Portuguese empires were the first global empires because they were the first to stretch across different continents, covering vast territories around the globe. The phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets " was first used for the Spanish Empire
Spanish Empire
in the 16th century. During the late 16th and 17th centuries, England
England
, France
France
and the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
also established their own overseas empires, in direct competition with each other
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Chronology Of Colonialism
This is a non-exhaustive CHRONOLOGY OF COLONIALISM -related events, which may reflect political events, cultural events, and important global events that have influenced colonization and decolonization . See also Timeline of imperialism . CONTENTS * 1 11th century and 15th to 18th century * 2 19th century to World War I
World War I
* 3 Interwar period * 4 World War II
World War II
: Cold War
Cold War
until the Détente * 5 1963 to the fall of the Berlin Wall * 6 1990s-2000s * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading 11TH CENTURY AND 15TH TO 18TH CENTURY * 1000: Norsemen
Norsemen
are the first Europeans
Europeans
to discover America . The first American-born European child is Snorri Thorfinnsson . Norsemen are the first Europeans
Europeans
to have a hostile confrontation with the Native Americans
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Tlaxcalan
TLAXCALA (Spanish (help ·info ); /tlɑːsˈkɑːlə/ ; ; from Nahuatl
Nahuatl
: Tlaxcallān Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: ( listen )), officially the FREE AND SOVEREIGN STATE OF TLAXCALA (Spanish : Estado Libre y Soberano de Tlaxcala), is one of the 31 states which along with the Federal District make up the 32 federative entities of Mexico
Mexico
. It is divided into 60 municipalities and its capital city is Tlaxcala
Tlaxcala
. It is located in East-Central Mexico, in the altiplano region , with the eastern portion dominated by the Sierra Madre Oriental
Sierra Madre Oriental
. It is bordered by the states of Puebla
Puebla
to the north, east and south, México to the west and Hidalgo to the northwest. It is the smallest state of the republic, accounting for only 0.2% of the country’s territory
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Tenochtitlan
MEXICO-TENOCHTITLAN (Spanish : _MéXICO-TENOCHTITLAN_, Spanish pronunciation: (_ listen )), commonly known as TENOCHTITLAN (Classical Nahuatl : Mēxihco-Tenōchtitlan_ ) was a Mexica city-state located on an island in Lake Texcoco , in the Valley of Mexico . Founded on June 20, 1325 , it became the capital of the expanding Aztec Empire in the 15th century, until it was captured by the Spanish in 1521 . At its peak it was the largest city in the Pre-Columbian Americas . It subsequently became a _cabecera _ of the Viceroyalty of New Spain . Today the ruins of Tenochtitlan are located in Mexico City\'s downtown . Tenochtitlan was one of two Nahua _āltēpetl _ (city-states) on the island, the other being Tlatelolco
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Portuguese Language
PORTUGUESE (_português_ or, in full, _língua portuguesa_) is a Romance language and the sole official language of Brazil
Brazil
, Cape Verde , Portugal
Portugal
, Guinea-Bissau , Mozambique
Mozambique
, Angola
Angola
, and São Tomé and Príncipe . It also has co-official language status in East Timor
East Timor
, Equatorial Guinea and Macau
Macau

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Soldier
A SOLDIER is one who fights as part of an organized, land-based, sea-based and air based armed-force. A soldier can be an enlisted person , a non-commissioned officer , or an officer in the army . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Occupational designations * 3 Other terms * 4 Career soldiers and conscripts * 4.1 Women as soldiers * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ETYMOLOGYThe word _soldier_ derives from the Middle English word _soudeour_, from Old French _soudeer_ or _soudeour_, meaning mercenary, from _soudee_, meaning shilling's worth or wage, from _sou _ or _soud_, shilling. The word is also related to the Medieval Latin _soldarius_, meaning soldier (literally, "one having pay"). These words ultimately derive from the Late Latin word _solidus _, referring to an Ancient Roman coin used in the Byzantine Empire
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Spanish Empire
The SPANISH EMPIRE (Spanish : _Imperio español_) was one of the largest empires in history. It reached the peak of its military, political and economic power under the Spanish Habsburgs , through most of the 16th and 17th centuries, and its greatest territorial extent under the House of Bourbon in the 18th century, when it was the largest empire in the world. The Spanish Empire became the foremost global power of its time and was the first to be called _the empire on which the sun never sets _. The Spanish Empire originated during the Age of Discovery after the voyages of Christopher Columbus
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Portuguese Empire
The PORTUGUESE EMPIRE (Portuguese : _Império Português_), also known as the PORTUGUESE OVERSEAS (_Ultramar Português_), was one of the largest and longest-lived empires in world history and the first colonial empire of the Renaissance. It existed for almost six centuries from the capture of Ceuta in 1415 to the grant of sovereignty to East Timor in 2002. The first era of the Portuguese empire originated at the beginning of the Age of Discovery . Initiated by the Kingdom of Portugal , it would eventually expand across the globe. Portuguese sailors began exploring the coast of Africa and the Atlantic archipelagos in 1418–19, using recent developments in navigation, cartography and maritime technology such as the caravel , in order that they might find a sea route to the source of the lucrative spice trade
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Age Of Discovery
The AGE OF DISCOVERY or the AGE OF EXPLORATION from the end of the 15th century to the 18th century , was an informal and loosely defined European historical period marking the time period in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and the beginning of globalization . It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe of colonialism and mercantilism . Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents
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Granada
GRANADA (/ɡrəˈnɑːdə/ , Spanish: , locally ) is the capital city of the province of Granada , in the autonomous community of Andalusia , Spain . Granada is located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, at the confluence of four rivers, the Beiro , the Darro , the Genil and the Monachil . It sits at an average elevation of 738 m (2,421 ft) above sea level , yet is only one hour by car from the Mediterranean coast, the Costa Tropical . Nearby is the Sierra Nevada Ski Station , where the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1996 were held. In the 2005 national census , the population of the city of Granada proper was 236,982, and the population of the entire urban area was estimated to be 472,638, ranking as the 13th-largest urban area of Spain
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Moors
The MOORS were the Muslim inhabitants of the Maghreb , the Iberian Peninsula , Sicily , and Malta during the Middle Ages , who initially were Berber and Arab peoples from North Africa . Moors are not a distinct or self-defined people, and mainstream scholars observed in 1911 that "The term 'Moors' has no real ethnological value." Medieval and early modern Europeans variously applied the name to Arabs, North African Berbers, and Muslim Europeans. The term has also been used in Europe in a broader, somewhat derogatory sense to refer to Muslims in general, especially those of Arab</