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Colony
In politics and history , a COLONY is a territory under the immediate political control of a state , distinct from the home territory of the sovereign. For colonies in antiquity , city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception. The METROPOLITAN STATE is the state that rules the colony. In Ancient Greece , the city that founded a colony was known as the metropolis . "Mother country" is a reference to the metropolitan state from the point of view of citizens who live in its colony. There is a United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories . Unlike a puppet state or satellite state , a colony has no independent international representation, and its top-level administration is under direct control of the metropolitan state
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Ancient Peoples Of Italy
This is a LIST OF ANCIENT PEOPLES LIVING IN ITALY before the Roman conquest . Many of the names are either scholarly inventions or exonyms assigned by the ancient writers of works in ancient Greek and Latin
Latin
. In regard to the specific names of particular ancient Italian tribes and peoples, the time window in which historians know the historical ascribed names of ancient Italian peoples mostly falls into the range of about 750 BC at the foundation of Rome to about 300 BC in the middle Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, the period in which most of the written documentation first exists of such names and prior to the complete assimilation of Italian peoples into Roman culture
Roman culture
. Nearly all or maybe all of these peoples and tribes were Indo-Europeans: Italics, Celts
Celts
and tribes occupying an intermediate position between the two
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Carthage
CARTHAGE (/ˈkɑːrθɪdʒ/ , from Latin
Latin
: Carthāgō; Phoenician : Qart-ḥadašt ("New city") was the center or capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization , on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis
Tunis
in what is now the Tunis Governorate in Tunisia
Tunisia
. The city developed from a Phoenician colony into the capital of an empire dominating the Mediterranean during the first millennium BC. The legendary Queen Dido is regarded as the founder of the city, though her historicity has been questioned. According to accounts by Timaeus of Tauromenium , she purchased from a local tribe the amount of land that could be covered by an oxhide
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Phoenicia
Coordinates : 34°07′25″N 35°39′04″E / 34.12361°N 35.65111°E / 34.12361; 35.65111 Phoenicia knʿn / kanaʿan (Phoenician ) Φοινίκη / Phoiníkē (Greek ) 1500 BC –539 BC Map of Phoenicia
Phoenicia
and its Mediterranean trade routes CAPITAL * Byblos
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Angola
Coordinates : 12°30′S 18°30′E / 12.500°S 18.500°E / -12.500; 18.500 Republic
Republic
of Angola República de Angola
Angola
(Portuguese ) Flag Emblem MOTTO: * Virtus Unita Fortior (Latin) * (English: "Virtue is stro
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Capital (architecture)
In architecture the CAPITAL (from the Latin
Latin
caput, or "head") or CHAPITER forms the topmost member of a column (or a pilaster ). It mediates between the column and the load thrusting down upon it, broadening the area of the column's supporting surface. The capital, projecting on each side as it rises to support the abacus , joins the usually square abacus and the usually circular shaft of the column. The capital may be convex, as in the Doric order
Doric order
; concave, as in the inverted bell of the Corinthian order
Corinthian order
; or scrolling out, as in the Ionic order
Ionic order
. These form the three principal types on which all capitals are based. The Composite order
Composite order
(illustration, right), established in the 16th century on a hint from the Arch of Titus
Arch of Titus
, adds Ionic volutes to Corinthian acanthus leaves
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Belgrade
BELGRADE (/ˈbɛlɡreɪd/ BELL-grade ; Serbian : Beograd / Београд; Serbian pronunciation: ( listen ); names in other languages ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia
Serbia
. It is located at the confluence of the Sava
Sava
and Danube
Danube
rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans
Balkans
. Its name translates to "White city". The urban area of the City of Belgrade
Belgrade
has a population of 1.23 million, while over 1.65 million people live within its administrative limits. One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture , evolved within the Belgrade
Belgrade
area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco - Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming it Singidūn
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York
YORK (/ˈjɔːrk/ ( listen )) is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
, England. The municipality is the traditional county town of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
to which it gives its name. The city has a rich heritage and has provided the backdrop to major political events in England throughout much of its two millennia of existence. The city offers a wealth of historic attractions, of which York Minster
York Minster
is the most prominent, and a variety of cultural and sporting activities making it a popular tourist destination for millions. The city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum
Eboracum
in 71 AD. It became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior , and later of the kingdoms of Northumbria
Northumbria
and Jórvík
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Cadiz
CáDIZ (/kəˈdɪz/ , Spanish: ; see other pronunciations below ) is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the province of Cádiz , one of eight which make up the autonomous community of Andalusia
Andalusia
. Cádiz, the oldest continuously inhabited city in Spain
Spain
and one of the oldest in western Europe, was founded by the Phoenicians
Phoenicians
. Cádiz is sometimes counted as the most ancient city still standing in Western Europe. and has been a principal home port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century. The city is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network . It is also the site of the University of Cádiz
University of Cádiz

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Alaska
Coordinates : 64°N 150°W / 64°N 150°W / 64; -150 STATE OF ALASKA Flag Seal Nickname(s) : The Last Frontier Motto(s) : North to the Future State song(s) : "Alaska\'s Flag " OFFICIAL LANGUAGE English , Inupiat , Central Siberian Yupik , Central Alaskan Yup\'ik , Alutiiq , Aleut , Dena\'ina , Deg Xinag , Holikachuk , Koyukon , Upper Kuskokwim , Gwich\'in , Lower Tanana , Upper Tanana , Tanacross , Hän , Ahtna , Eyak , Tlingit , Haida , Coast Tsimshian
Tsimshian
SPOKEN LANGUAGES English 86.3%
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Sardinia
SARDINIA (/sɑːrˈdɪniə/ sar-DIN-ee-ə ; Italian : Sardegna , Sardinian : Sardìgna / Sardìnnia / , Sassarese : Sardhigna, Gallurese
Gallurese
: Saldigna, Catalan : Sardenya, Tabarchino : Sardegna) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
(after Sicily
Sicily
and before Cyprus
Cyprus
) and an autonomous region of Italy
Italy
. It is located in the Western Mediterranean, just south of the French island of Corsica . The region's official name is Regione Autonoma della Sardegna / Regione Autònoma de Sardigna (Autonomous Region of Sardinia), and its capital and largest city is Cagliari
Cagliari
. It is divided into four provinces and a metropolitan city
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Marseille
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. MARSEILLE (English /mɑːrˈseɪ/ ; French: ( listen ), locally: ; Provençal Marselha ), also known as MARSEILLES, is a city in France . The capital of the Bouches-du-Rhône department and Provence-Alpes-Côte d\'Azur region , Marseille, on France's south coast, is the country's second largest city , after Paris , with a population of 852,516 in 2012, and an area of 241 km2 (93 sq mi), the 3rd-largest metropolitan area in France after Paris and Lyon
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Durrës
DURRëS (Albanian pronunciation: ), historically also known as EPIDAMNOS, DURAZZO (Italian pronunciation: ) and DYRRACHIUM, is the largest port and second largest city and a municipality of Albania
Albania
. Founded by Greek colonists from Corinth
Corinth
and Corfu
Corfu
as Epidamnos in 627 BC, it has been continuously inhabited ever since and is one of the oldest cities in Albania. Geographically, it is central on the coast, about 33 km (21 mi) west of the capital Tirana
Tirana
. It is one of the most ancient and economically significant cities of Albania. Durrës
Durrës
is home to Albania's main port, the Port of Durrës . The city is at one of the narrower points of the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
, opposite the Italian ports of Bari
Bari
and Brindisi
Brindisi

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Ancient Greek
The ANCIENT GREEK language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece
Greece
and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD. It is often roughly divided into the Archaic period (9th to 6th centuries BC), Classical period (5th and 4th centuries BC), and Hellenistic period
Hellenistic period
( Koine Greek
Koine Greek
, 3rd century BC to the 4th century AD). It is antedated in the second millennium BC by Mycenaean Greek and succeeded by medieval Greek . The language of the Hellenistic phase is known as Koine (common). Koine is regarded as a separate historical stage of its own, although in its earliest form it closely resembled Attic Greek and in its latest form it approaches Medieval Greek
Medieval Greek
. Prior to the Koine period, Greek of the classic and earlier periods included several regional dialects
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Greeks
The GREEKS or HELLENES (Greek : Έλληνες, Éllines ) are an ethnic group native to Greece
Greece
, Cyprus
Cyprus
, southern Albania
Albania
, Italy
Italy
, Turkey
Turkey
, Egypt
Egypt
and, to a lesser extent, other countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
. They also form a significant diaspora , with Greek communities established around the world
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Santorini
SANTORINI (Greek : Σαντορίνη, pronounced ), classically THERA (English pronunciation /ˈθɪərə/ ), and officially THIRA (Greek : Θήρα ), is an island in the southern Aegean Sea
Aegean Sea
, about 200 km (120 mi) southeast of Greece
Greece
's mainland. It is the largest island of a small, circular archipelago which bears the same name and is the remnant of a volcanic caldera . It forms the southernmost member of the Cyclades
Cyclades
group of islands, with an area of approximately 73 km2 (28 sq mi) and a 2011 census population of 15,550. The municipality of Santorini
Santorini
includes the inhabited islands of Santorini and Therasia
Therasia
and the uninhabited islands of Nea Kameni , Palaia Kameni , Aspronisi , and Christiana . The total land area is 90.623 km2 (34.990 sq mi)
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