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Chuppah
A CHUPPAH ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: חוּפָּה‎‎, pl. חוּפּוֹת, chuppot, literally, "canopy" or "covering"), also HUPPAH, CHIPE, CHUPAH, or CHUPPA, is a canopy under which a Jewish couple stand during their wedding ceremony . It consists of a cloth or sheet, sometimes a tallit , stretched or supported over four poles, or sometimes manually held up by attendants to the ceremony. A chuppah symbolizes the home that the couple will build together. In a more general sense, chupah refers to the method by which nesuin, the second stage of a Jewish marriage, is accomplished. According to some opinions, it is accomplished by the couple standing under the canopy; however, there are other views
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Sixth & I Historic Synagogue
The SIXTH "> President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
visiting Sixth & I Historic Synagogue
Synagogue
in 2005 Three local Jewish developers saved the historic building from being turned into a nightclub and restored it to its original roots as a synagogue. The main impetus for the restoration came from real estate developer Shelton Zuckerman, and his son, Stuart Zuckerman, who contacted Washington Wizards
Washington Wizards
owner Abe Pollin
Abe Pollin
, who in turn contacted Douglas Jemal . Working from wedding photos from 1949, the building was returned to its original design and decor. It was rededicated and opened to the public on April 22, 2004. Sixth & I has been recognized by The Slingshot Fund in 2007–2008 as well as 2008–2009
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Washington D.C.
WASHINGTON, D.C., formally the DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA and commonly referred to as "WASHINGTON", "THE DISTRICT", or simply "D.C.", is the capital of the United States
United States
. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16, 1790, approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast . The U.S. Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Congress and the District is therefore not a part of any state. The states of Maryland and Virginia
Virginia
each donated land to form the federal district, which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria . Named in honor of President George Washington
George Washington
, the City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital
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Vienna
VIENNA (/viˈɛnə/ (_ listen ); German : Wien_, pronounced (_ listen )) is the capital and largest city of Austria
Austria
and one of the nine states of Austria
Austria
. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primary city , with a population of about 1.8 million (2.6 million within the metropolitan area , nearly one third of Austria's population), and its cultural , economic , and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
European Union
. Until the beginning of the 20th century, it was the largest German-speaking city in the world, and before the splitting of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in World War I
World War I
, the city had 2 million inhabitants. Today, it has the second largest number of German speakers after Berlin
Berlin

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Judengasse
In the Jewish diaspora
Jewish diaspora
, a JEWISH QUARTER (also known as JEWRY, JUIVERIE, JUDENGASSE, JEWYNSTREET, or PROTO-GHETTO ) is the area of a city traditionally inhabited by Jews . Jewish quarters, like the Jewish ghettos in Europe
Jewish ghettos in Europe
, were often the outgrowths of segregated ghettos instituted by the surrounding Christian authorities. A Yiddish term for a Jewish quarter or neighborhood is "Di yiddishe gas" ( Yiddish
Yiddish
: די ייִדדישע גאַס ‎ ), or "The Jewish quarter." While in Ladino , they are known as maalé yahudí, meaning "The Jewish quarter". Many European and Middle Eastern cities once had a historical Jewish quarter and some still have it. Jewish quarters in Europe
Europe
existed for a number of reasons
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Hebrew Language
HEBREW (/ˈhiːbruː/ ; עִבְרִית‎, _Ivrit_ ( listen ) or ( listen )) is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel , spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh . The earliest examples of written Paleo- Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language . Hebrew had ceased to be an everyday spoken language somewhere between 200 and 400 CE, declining since the aftermath of the Bar Kokhba revolt
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Judaism
JUDAISM (from Latin : _Iudaismus_, derived from Greek Ἰουδαϊσμός, originally from Hebrew יהודה‎, _Yehudah_, "Judah "; in Hebrew: יהדות‎, _Yahadut_, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos ) is an ancient monotheistic Abrahamic religion , with the Torah as its foundational text (part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible ), and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud . It encompasses the religion , philosophy , culture and way of life of the Jewish people . Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenantal relationship that God established with the Children of Israel . With between 14.5 and 17.4 million adherents worldwide, Judaism is the tenth-largest religion in the world
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Jewish Wedding
A JEWISH WEDDING is a wedding ceremony that follows Jewish law and traditions. While wedding ceremonies vary, common features of a Jewish wedding include a ketubah (marriage contract) which is signed by two witnesses, a wedding canopy (chuppah or huppah), a ring owned by the groom that is given to the bride under the canopy, and the breaking of a glass . Technically, the Jewish wedding
Jewish wedding
process has two distinct stages: kiddushin (sanctification or dedication, also called erusin, betrothal in Hebrew) and nissuin (marriage), when the couple start their life together. The first stage prohibits the woman to all other men, requiring a religious divorce (get) to dissolve, and the final stage permits the couple to each other. The ceremony that accomplishes nisuin is known as chuppah . Today, erusin/kiddushin occurs when the groom gives the bride a ring or other object of value with the intent of creating a marriage
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Tallit
A TALLIT ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: טַלִּית‎ talit in Modern Hebrew
Modern Hebrew
; tālēt in Sephardic Hebrew and Ladino ; tallis in Ashkenazic Hebrew and Yiddish
Yiddish
) (pl. tallitot , talleisim, tallism in Ashkenazic Hebrew
Hebrew
and Yiddish; ṭālēth/ṭelāyōth in Tiberian Hebrew) is a fringed garment traditionally worn by religious Jews. The tallit has special twined and knotted fringes known as tzitzit attached to its four corners. The cloth part is known as the "beged" (lit. garment) and is usually made from wool or cotton, although silk is sometimes used for a tallit gadol. The term is, to an extent, ambiguous
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Orthodox Judaism
ORTHODOX JUDAISM is the approach to religious Judaism
Judaism
which subscribes to a tradition of mass revelation and adheres to the interpretation and application of the laws and ethics of the Torah
Torah
as legislated in the Talmudic texts by the Tannaimand Amoraim
Amoraim
. Orthodox Judaism
Judaism
includes movements such as Modern OrthodoxJudaism (אורתודוקסיה מודרנית) and Ultra-Orthodox or Haredi Judaism
Judaism
(יהדות חרדית). As of 2001, Orthodox Jews
Jews
and Jews
Jews
affiliated with an Orthodox synagogue accounted for approximately 50% of British Jews
Jews
(150,000), 26.5% of Israeli Jews
Jews
(1,500,000), and 13% of American Jews (529,000). Among those affiliated to a synagogue body, Orthodox Jews represent 70% of British Jewry, and 27% of American Jewry
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Hasidic Judaism
HASIDISM, sometimes HASIDIC JUDAISM ( Hebrew : חסידות‎, _hasidut_, Ashkenazi pronunciation : ; originally, "piety"), is a Jewish religious sect. It arose as a spiritual revival movement in contemporary Western Ukraine during the 18th century and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe . Today, most affiliates reside in the United States , Israel , and Britain . Israel Ben Eliezer, the " Baal Shem Tov ", is regarded as its founding father, and his disciples developed and disseminated it. Present-day Hasidism is a sub-group within Ultra-Orthodox ("Haredi") Judaism and is noted for its religious conservatism and social seclusion
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Isaac Ben Abba Mari
ISAAC BEN ABBA MARI (c. 1122 – c. 1193), often simply referred to as "Ba'al ha-Ittur," was a Provençal rabbi and author of Ittur Soferim that hailed from Marseilles
Marseilles
. His opus magnum , Ittur Soferim, treats on the Jewish conjugal laws between a man and his wife, as also a treatise on monetary laws, and another on the Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
, as also a portion of the laws governing kashrut . He largely basis his own work on the juridical decisions passed down by the Babylonian geonic authority. REFERENCES * Shlomo Pereira, "Hadrat Melech" Biographical Notes. AUTHORITY CONTROL * WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 40182719 * LCCN : n88122333 * GND : 119184575 This biographical article about a French rabbi is a stub . You can help by expanding it . * v * t * e Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isaac_ben_Abba_Mari additional terms may apply
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Hebrew Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics _ Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e Page from an 11th-century Aramaic Targum
Targum
_ manuscript of the Hebrew Bible. HEBREW BIBLE or HEBREW SCRIPTURES ( Latin
Latin
: _Biblia Hebraica_) is the term used by biblical scholars to refer to the _ Tanakh _ (Hebrew : תנ"ך‎‎; Latin
Latin
: _Thanach_), the canonical collection of Jewish texts, which is the common textual source of several canonical editions of the Christian
Christian
Old Testament
Old Testament
. They are composed mainly in Biblical Hebrew
Biblical Hebrew
, with some passages in Biblical Aramaic (in the books of Daniel , Ezra and a few others)
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Book Of Joel
The BOOK OF JOEL is part of the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
. Joel is part of a group of twelve prophetic books known as the Twelve Minor Prophets
Twelve Minor Prophets
. (The term indicates the short length of the text in relation longer prophetic texts known as the Major Prophets .) CONTENTS * 1 Content * 2 Historical context * 3 History of interpretation * 4 Biblical quotes and allusions * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links CONTENTAfter a superscription ascribing the prophecy to Joel (son of Pethuel), the book may be broken down into the following sections: * Lament over a great locust plague and a severe drought (1:1–2:17) * The effects of these events on agriculture, farmers, and on the supply of agricultural offerings for the Temple in Jerusalem , interspersed with a call to national lament
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Psalms
The BOOK OF PSALMS ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: תְּהִלִּים‎‎ or תהילים‎, Tehillim, "praises"), commonly referred to simply as PSALMS or "the Psalms", is the first book of the Ketuvim ("Writings"), the third section of the Hebrew
Hebrew
Bible
Bible
, and a book of the Christian Old Testament
Old Testament
. The title is derived from the Greek translation, ψαλμοί psalmoi, meaning "instrumental music" and, by extension, "the words accompanying the music." The book is an anthology of individual psalms, with 150 in the Jewish
Jewish
and Western Christian tradition and more in the Eastern Christian
Christian
churches. Many of the psalms are linked to the name of David
David
, but his authorship is not accepted by modern Bible
Bible
scholars
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Solomon Freehof
SOLOMON BENNETT FREEHOF (August 8, 1892 – 1990) was a prominent Reform rabbi, posek , and scholar. Rabbi Freehof served as president of the Central Conference of American Rabbis and the World Union for Progressive Judaism . Beginning in 1955, he led the CCAR's work on Jewish law through its responsa committee. He also spearheaded changes to Reform liturgy with revisions to the Union Prayer Book (siddur ). For many years, he served as the pulpit rabbi at Rodef Shalom in Pittsburgh, PA ). According to the congregation, "For more than 35 years, Dr. Freehof's weekly book review series attracted audiences of more than 1,500 Christians and Jews." CONTENTS * 1 Personal life * 2 Sources * 3 Selected works * 4 Notes * 5 Websites PERSONAL LIFEFreehof was born in London, moved to the U.S
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