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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ , who serves as the focal point of the Christian faith . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians . Christians make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah (the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament . Christian theology is summarized in creeds such as the Apostles\' Creed and Nicene Creed . These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered , died , was buried , descended into hell , and rose from the dead, in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins
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Jesus
JESUS (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ _JEE-zuss_ ; Greek : Ἰησοῦς, translit. _Iesous_; Hebrew : ישוע‎, translit. _Yēšū́aʿ _‎; c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD), also referred to as JESUS OF NAZARETH or JESUS CHRIST, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader who became the central figure of Christianity . Christians believe him to be the Son of God and the awaited Messiah (Christ ) prophesied in the Old Testament . Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus existed historically , although the quest for the historical Jesus has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus reflects the historical Jesus
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Christ (title)
In Christianity , the CHRIST (Greek word Χριστός, Christós, meaning "the anointed one") is a title for the saviour and redeemer who would bring salvation to the Jewish people
Jewish people
and mankind. Christians believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Jewish messiah called Christ in both the Hebrew Bible
Bible
and the Christian
Christian
Old Testament . Christ, used by Christians as both a name and a title , is synonymous with Jesus
Jesus
. The role of the Christ in Christianity originated from the concept of the messiah in Judaism. Though the conceptions of the messiah in each religion are similar, for the most part they are distinct from one another due to the split of early Christianity and Judaism in the 1st century
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Jesus In Christianity
Christians believe that Jesus is the Messiah ( Christ ) and believe that through his death and resurrection , humans can be reconciled to God and thereby are offered salvation and the promise of eternal life . These teachings emphasize that as the willing Lamb of God , Jesus _chose to_ suffer on the cross at Calvary as a sign of his full obedience to the will of the Eternal Father , as an "agent and servant of God". The choice Jesus made thus counter-positions him as a new man of morality and obedience, in contrast to Adam 's disobedience. Most Christians believe that Jesus was both human and divine—the Son of God . While there has been theological debate over the nature of Jesus, Trinitarian Christians believe that Jesus is the Logos , God incarnate , God the Son , and "true God and true man "—both fully divine and fully human
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Son Of God (Christianity)
In Christianity , the title SON OF GOD refers to the status of Jesus as the divine son of God the Father . In mainstream Christianity, it also refers to his status as God the Son , the second divine person or hypostasis of the Trinity
Trinity
. It derives from several uses in the New Testament and early Christian theology
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Virgin Birth Of Jesus
The VIRGIN BIRTH OF JESUS is the belief that Jesus
Jesus
was conceived in the womb of his mother Mary through the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
without the agency of a human father and born while Mary was still a virgin . The New Testament references are Matthew 1:18-25 and Luke 1:26-38. It is believed by Christians to follow the prophetic message in Isaiah 7:14. It is not expressly mentioned elsewhere in the Christian scriptures, and "the modern scholarly consensus is that the doctrine of the virgin birth rests on a very slim historical foundation." The virgin birth was universally accepted in the Christian church by the 2nd century and, except for some minor sects, was not seriously challenged until the 18th century
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Ministry Of Jesus
In the Christian gospels , the MINISTRY OF JESUS begins with his baptism in the countryside of Roman Judea and Transjordan , near the river Jordan , and ends in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, following the Last Supper
Last Supper
with his disciples . The Gospel
Gospel
of Luke (3:23) states that Jesus
Jesus
was "about 30 years of age" at the start of his ministry . A chronology of Jesus
Jesus
typically has the date of the start of his ministry estimated at around AD 27–29 and the end in the range AD 30–36. Jesus' _Early Galilean ministry_ begins when after his Baptism, he goes back to Galilee
Galilee
from his time in the Judean desert
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Crucifixion Of Jesus
The CRUCIFIXION OF JESUS occurred in 1st century Judea , most probably between the years 30 and 33 AD. Jesus' crucifixion is described in the four canonical gospels , referred to in the New Testament epistles , attested to by other ancient sources , and is established as a historical event confirmed by non-Christian sources, although, among historians, there is no consensus on the precise details of what exactly occurred. According to the canonical gospels, Jesus , the Christ , was arrested , tried , and sentenced by Pontius Pilate to be scourged , and finally crucified by the Romans . Jesus was stripped of his clothing and offered wine mixed with gall to drink, before being crucified. He was then hung between two convicted thieves and according to Mark's Gospel, died some six hours later. During this time, the soldiers affixed a sign to the top of the cross stating " Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews " in three languages
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Resurrection Of Jesus
The RESURRECTION OF JESUS is the Christian religious belief that, after being put to death , Jesus rose again from the dead . It is the central tenet of Christian theology and part of the Nicene Creed : "On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures". According to the New Testament , after the Romans crucified Jesus, he was anointed and buried in a new tomb by Joseph of Arimathea but God raised him from the dead and he appeared to many people over a span of forty days before he ascended into heaven , to sit at the right hand of God
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Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible book Bible portal * v * t * e The BIBLE (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, _tà biblía _, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans. Many different authors contributed to the Bible. What is regarded as canonical text differs depending on traditions and groups; a number of Bible canons have evolved, with overlapping and diverging contents. The Christian Old Testament overlaps with the Hebrew Bible and the Greek Septuagint ; the Hebrew Bible is known in Judaism as the Tanakh
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Old Testament
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible book Bible portal * v * t * e The OLD TESTAMENT (abbreviated OT) is the first part of Christian Bibles based primarily upon the Hebrew Bible (or _ Tanakh _), a collection of ancient religious writings by the Israelites believed by many Christians and religious Jews to be the sacred Word of God . Its counterpart is the New Testament , the second part of the Christian Bible. The books that comprise the Old Testament canon differ between Christian Churches as well as their order and names. The most common Protestant canon comprises 39 books, the Catholic canon comprises 46 books, and the canons of the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches comprise up to 51 books
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New Testament
The NEW TESTAMENT or NT (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, _Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē_; Latin : _Novum Testamentum_) is the second major part of the Christian biblical canon , the first part being the Old Testament , based on the Hebrew Bible . The New Testament discusses the teachings and person of Jesus , as well as events in first-century Christianity . Christians regard both the Old and New Testaments together as sacred scripture . The New Testament (in whole or in part) has frequently accompanied the spread of Christianity around the world . It reflects and serves as a source for Christian theology and morality . Both extended readings and phrases directly from the New Testament are also incorporated (along with readings from the Old Testament) into the various Christian liturgies
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The Gospel
In Christianity , THE GOSPEL (Greek : εὐαγγέλιον _euangélion_; Old English : _gospel_), or THE GOOD NEWS, is the news of the coming of the Kingdom of God (Mark 1:14-15), and of Jesus 's death on the cross and resurrection to restore people\'s relationship with God . It may also include the descent of the Holy Spirit upon believers and the second coming of Jesus. The message of good news is described as a narrative in the four canonical gospels . The message of good news is described as theology in many of the New Testament letters . It relates to the saving acts of God due to the work of Jesus on the cross and Jesus\' resurrection from the dead which bring reconciliation ("atonement") between people and God
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Biblical Canon
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible book Bible portal * v * t * e A BIBLICAL CANON or CANON OF SCRIPTURE is a list of texts (or "books") which a particular religious community regards as authoritative scripture . The word "canon" comes from the Greek κανών, meaning "rule " or "measuring stick ". Christians became the first to use the term in reference to scripture, but Eugene Ulrich regards the idea as Jewish. Most of the canons listed below are considered "closed" (i.e., books cannot be added or removed), reflecting a belief that public revelation has ended and thus some person or persons can gather approved inspired texts into a complete and authoritative canon, which scholar Bruce Metzger defines as "an authoritative collection of books". In contrast, an "open canon", which permits the addition of books through the process of continuous revelation , Metzger defines as "a collection of authoritative books"
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Books Of The Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible book Bible portal * v * t * e Different religious groups include different books in their Biblical canons , in varying orders, and sometimes divide or combine books. Christian Bibles range from the 66 books of the Protestant canon to the 81 books of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church canon. The Tanakh (sometimes called the Hebrew