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Christianity
CHRISTIANITY is a universalising Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life , teachings , and miracles of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth
Nazareth
, known by Christians
Christians
as the Christ , or "Messiah", who is the focal point of the Christian
Christian
faiths . It is the world\'s largest religion , with over 2.4 billion followers, or 33% of the global population, known as Christians
Christians
. Christians
Christians
make up a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories . They believe that Jesus
Jesus
is the Son of God
God
and the savior of humanity whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
(the Christ ) was prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament

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Ministry Of Jesus
In the Christian gospels , the MINISTRY OF JESUS begins with his baptism in the countryside of Roman Judea and Transjordan , near the river Jordan , and ends in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, following the Last Supper
Last Supper
with his disciples . The Gospel of Luke (3:23) states that Jesus
Jesus
was "about 30 years of age" at the start of his ministry . A chronology of Jesus
Jesus
typically has the date of the start of his ministry estimated at around AD 27–29 and the end in the range AD 30–36. Jesus' Early Galilean ministry begins when after his Baptism, he goes back to Galilee
Galilee
from his time in the Judean desert
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Virgin Birth Of Jesus
VIRGINITY is the state of a person who has never engaged in sexual intercourse . There are cultural and religious traditions that place special value and significance on this state, predominantly towards unmarried females, associated with notions of personal purity, honor and worth. Like chastity , the concept of virginity has traditionally involved sexual abstinence . The concept of virginity usually involves moral or religious issues and can have consequences in terms of social status and in interpersonal relationships . Although virginity has social implications and had significant legal implications in some societies in the past, it has no legal consequences in most societies today. The term virgin originally only referred to sexually inexperienced women, but has evolved to encompass a range of definitions, as found in traditional, modern, and ethical concepts
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Creed
A CREED (also known as a confession, symbol, or statement of faith) is a statement of the shared beliefs of a religious community in the form of a fixed formula summarizing core tenets. One of the most widely used creeds in Christianity
Christianity
is the Nicene Creed
Creed
, first formulated in AD 325 at the First Council of Nicaea
First Council of Nicaea
. It was based on Christian understanding of the Canonical Gospels
Canonical Gospels
, the letters of the New Testament
New Testament
and to a lesser extent the Old Testament . Affirmation of this creed, which describes the Trinity
Trinity
, is generally taken as a fundamental test of orthodoxy for most Christian denominations . The Apostles\' Creed
Creed
is also broadly accepted
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Books Of The Bible
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e Different religious groups include different books in their Biblical canons , in varying orders, and sometimes divide or combine books. Christian Bibles range from the 66 books of the Protestant
Protestant
canon to the 81 books of the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
canon. The Tanakh
Tanakh
(sometimes called the Hebrew Bible
Bible
) contains 24 books divided into three parts: the five books of the Torah
Torah
("teaching"); the Nevi\'im ("prophets"); and the Ketuvim
Ketuvim
("writings")
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Augustine Of Hippo
Catholicism portal Philosophy portal AUGUSTINE OF HIPPO (/ɔːˈɡʌstᵻn/ or /ˈɔːɡəstiːn/ ; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430) was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy
Western philosophy
. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius in north Africa and is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity
Western Christianity
for his writings in the Patristic Era . Among his most important works are The City of God and Confessions . According to his contemporary, Jerome
Jerome
, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith." In his early years, he was influenced by Manichaeism
Manichaeism
and afterward by the neo- Platonism
Platonism
of Plotinus
Plotinus

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Thomas Aquinas
Catholicism
Catholicism
portal Philosophy portal * v * t * e SAINT THOMAS AQUINAS OP (/əˈkwaɪnəs/ ; Italian : Tommaso d'Aquino, lit. 'Thomas of Aquino '; 1225 – 7 March 1274) was an Italian Dominican friar , Catholic priest , and Doctor of the Church . He was an immensely influential philosopher , theologian , and jurist in the tradition of scholasticism , within which he is also known as the DOCTOR ANGELICUS and the DOCTOR COMMUNIS. The name Aquinas identifies his ancestral origins in the county of Aquino in present-day Lazio . He was the foremost classical proponent of natural theology and the father of Thomism ; of which he argued that reason is found in God. His influence on Western thought is considerable, and much of modern philosophy developed or opposed his ideas, particularly in the areas of ethics, natural law , metaphysics, and political theory
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Old Testament
Outline of Bible-related topics Bible
Bible
book Bible
Bible
portal * v * t * e Part of a seri
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Christian Art
Christian art
Christian art
is sacred art which uses themes and imagery from Christianity
Christianity
. Most Christian groups use or have used art to some extent, although some have had strong objections to some forms of religious image , and there have been major periods of iconoclasm within Christianity. Images of Jesus
Jesus
and narrative scenes from the Life of Christ are the most common subjects, and scenes from the Old Testament
Old Testament
play a part in the art of most denominations. Images of the Virgin Mary and saints are much rarer in Protestant art than that of Roman Catholicism
Catholicism
and Eastern Orthodoxy
Eastern Orthodoxy
. Christianity
Christianity
makes far wider use of images than related religions, in which figurative representations are forbidden, such as Islam and Judaism
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Constantine The Great
CONSTANTINE THE GREAT (Latin : Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus; Greek : Κωνσταντῖνος ὁ Μέγας; 27 February c. 272 AD – 22 May 337 AD), also known as CONSTANTINE I or SAINT CONSTANTINE (in the Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church
as SAINT CONSTANTINE THE GREAT, EQUAL-TO-THE-APOSTLES), was a Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor
of Illyrian origin from 306 to 337 AD. Constantine was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius , a Roman Army
Roman Army
officer, and his consort Helena . His father became Caesar , the deputy emperor in the west, in 293 AD. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under the emperors Diocletian
Diocletian
and Galerius
Galerius

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Saint Joseph
March 19 - Saint Joseph, Husband of Mary ( Western Christianity
Western Christianity
), May 1 - St Joseph the Worker (Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
), The Sunday after the Nativ
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Liturgical Year
The LITURGICAL YEAR, also known as the CHURCH YEAR or CHRISTIAN YEAR, as well as the KALENDAR, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in Christian churches that determines when feast days , including celebrations of saints , are to be observed, and which portions of Scripture are to be read either in an annual cycle or in a cycle of several years. Distinct liturgical colours may appear in connection with different seasons of the liturgical year. The dates of the festivals vary somewhat between the different churches, though the sequence and logic is largely the same
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Radical Reformation
Waldensians · Savonarola · Lollards · Western Schism
Western Schism
· Hussites · Northern Renaissance
Northern Renaissance
<

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Martin Luther
MARTIN LUTHER (/ˈluːθər/ ; German: ( listen ); 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546), O.S.A. , was a German professor of theology , composer, priest, monk and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
. Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church . He strongly disputed the Catholic view on indulgences as he understood it to be, that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517. His refusal to renounce all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope
Pope
and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor
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Apostles
In Christian theology and ecclesiology , the APOSTLES (Greek : ἀπόστολος, translit. apóstolos, lit. 'one who is sent away'), particularly the TWELVE APOSTLES (also called the TWELVE DISCIPLES), were the primary historical disciples of Jesus , the central figure in Christianity . During the life and ministry of Jesus in the 1st century AD , the apostles were his closest followers and became the primary teachers of the gospel message of Jesus. The word disciple is sometimes used interchangeably with apostle; for instance, the Gospel of John makes no distinction between the two terms. In modern usage, prominent missionaries are often called apostles, a practice which stems from the Latin equivalent of apostle, i.e. missio, the source of the English word missionary
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Christian Tradition
CHRISTIAN TRADITION is a collection of traditions consisting of practices or beliefs associated with Christianity
Christianity
. These ecclesiastical traditions have more or less authority based on the nature of the practices or beliefs and on the group in question. Many churches have traditional practices, such as particular patterns of worship or rites, that developed over time. Deviations from such patterns are sometimes considered unacceptable or heretical . Similarly, traditions can be stories or history that are or were widely accepted without being part of Christian doctrine, e.g., the crucifixion of Saint Peter
Saint Peter
or the evangelistic activity of Thomas the Apostle in India
India
, which are widely believed to have happened but are not recorded in scripture
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