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Bulgaria
Coordinates : 42°45′N 25°30′E / 42.750°N 25.500°E / 42.750; 25.500 Republic of Bulgaria _Република България_ (Bulgarian ) _Republika Bǎlgariya_ Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: * Съединението прави силата (Bulgarian ) * "Sǎedinenieto pravi silata" (transliteration ) * " Unity makes strength " ANTHEM: _Мила Родино_ (Bulgarian) _ Mila Rodino _ (transliteration) _Dear Motherland_ Location of Bulgaria (dark green) – in
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Bulgarian Language
Moldova
Moldova
Ukraine
Ukraine
Serbia
Serbia
Albania
Albania
Romania
Romania
REGULATED BY Institute for the Bulgarian language
Bulgarian language
at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Институт за български език при Българската академия на науките (БАН)) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 bg ISO 639-2 bul ISO 639-3 bul GLOTTOLOG bulg1262 LINGUASPHERE 53-AAA-hb < 53-AAA-h THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Flag Of Bulgaria
The FLAG OF BULGARIA (Bulgarian : знаме на България, Zname na Bǎlgarija, ) is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white , green and red . The flag was first adopted after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878)
, when Bulgaria
Bulgaria
gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the People\'s Republic of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and was confirmed in a 1998 law
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Coat Of Arms Of Bulgaria
The COAT OF ARMS OF BULGARIA (Bulgarian : Герб на България, ) consists of a crowned golden lion rampant over a dark red shield ; above the shield is the Bulgarian historical crown . The shield is supported by two crowned golden lions rampant; below the shield there is compartment in the shape of oak twigs and white bands with the national motto "Unity makes strength" inscribed on them. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Historical coats of arms * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links DESCRIPTIONThe current coat of arms of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
was adopted in 1997. The current arms are a slightly redesigned version of the coat of arms of Bulgaria from the period 1927–1946. Those arms were based on a similar earlier form, firstly used by Tsar Ferdinand I (1887–1918) as his personal ruler's coat of arms
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Transliteration
TRANSLITERATION is a type of conversion of a text from one script to another that involves swapping letters (thus _trans-_ + _liter-_) in predictable ways (such as α → a , д → d , χ → ch , or æ → e ). For instance, for the Greek term "Ελληνική Δημοκρατία", which is usually translated as "Hellenic Republic ", the usual transliteration to Latin script is "Ellēnikḗ Dēmokratía", and the name for Russia
Russia
in Cyrillic script , "Россия", is usually transliterated as "Rossiya". Transliteration
Transliteration
is not primarily concerned with representing the sounds of the original but rather with representing the characters, ideally accurately and unambiguously
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Unity Makes Strength
"UNITY MAKES STRENGTH" (Dutch : Eendracht maakt macht, pronounced ( listen ); French : L'union fait la force) is a motto that has been used by various nations and entities throughout history. Currently, it is used by Bulgaria
Bulgaria
and Haiti
Haiti
on the national coat of arms and is the national motto of Belgium
Belgium
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. The motto was originally used by the Dutch Republic
Dutch Republic
. It is derived from the Latin phrase "concordia res parvae crescunt" (small things flourish by concord) in chapter 10 of the Bellum Iugurthinum by the Roman Republican writer Sallust
Sallust

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Mila Rodino
MILA RODINO ("Мила Родино" , translated as "Dear Motherland" or "Dear native land") is the current national anthem of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
. It is based on the music and text of the song "Gorda Stara Planina" by Tsvetan Radoslavov , written and composed as he left to fight in the Serbo-Bulgarian War
Serbo-Bulgarian War
in 1885. The anthem was adopted in 1964. The text has been changed many times, most recently in 1990. Between 1886 and 1944, the Bulgarian national anthem was Shumi Maritsa ("Шуми Марица"); from 1950 to 1964, it was My Bulgaria, land of heroes (Balgariyo mila, zemya na geroi, "Българийо мила, земя на герои"); in the brief period between these two, it was the march "Republiko nasha, zdravey" ("Републико наша, здравей!")
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Europe
EUROPE —a concept dating back to classical antiquity — is a continent that comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia . Europe is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The eastern boundary with Asia is an arbitrary historical and social construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The primarily physiographic term "continent" as applied to Europe also incorporates cultural and political elements whose discontinuities and lines of demarcation are not reflected by the continent's current overland boundaries with Asia
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe . It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency
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Sofia
SOFIA (/ˈsoʊfiə/ or /ˈsɒfiə/ or /soʊˈfiːə/ ; ) (Bulgarian : София, translit. _Sofiya_, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria . 1.26 million people live in the city and 1.68 million people live in its metropolitan area. The city is at the foot of Vitosha Mountain in the western part of the country. Being in the centre of the Balkan peninsula , it is midway between the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea , whereas the Aegean Sea is the closest to it. Sofia has been an area of human habitation since at least 7000 BC. Being Bulgaria's primate city , Sofia is a hometown of many of the major local universities , cultural institutions and commercial companies. Sofia is one of the top 10 best places for start-up business in the world, especially in information technologies
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Official Script
An OFFICIAL SCRIPT is a writing system that is specifically designated to be official in the constitutions or other applicable laws of countries, states, and other jurisdictions . Akin to an official language , an official script is much rarer. It is used primarily where an official language is in practice written with two or more scripts. As, in these languages, use of script often has cultural or political connotations, proclamation of an official script is sometimes criticised as having a goal of influencing culture or politics or both. Desired effects also may include easing education , communication and some other aspects of life. CONTENTS * 1 List of official scripts * 2 Historical * 3 See also * 4 References LIST OF OFFICIAL SCRIPTSBelow is a partial list of official scripts used in different countries. Those in italics are states that have limited international recognition
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Cyrillic Script
The CYRILLIC SCRIPT /sᵻˈrɪlɪk/ is a writing system used for various alphabets across eastern Europe and north and central Asia. It is based on the Early Cyrillic alphabet developed during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School in the First Bulgarian Empire . It is the basis of alphabets used in various languages, past and present, in parts of southeastern Europe and northern Eurasia , especially those of Slavic origin, and non-Slavic languages influenced by Russian. As of 2011 , around 252 million people in Eurasia use it as the official alphabet for their national languages, with Russia accounting for about half of them. With the accession of Bulgaria to the European Union on 1 January 2007, Cyrillic became the third official script of the European Union , following the Latin script and Greek script
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Ethnic Groups
An ETHNIC GROUP or ETHNICITY is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestral , language , social , cultural or national experiences . Ethnicity is often an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. In some cases, it can be adopted if a person moves into another society. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage , ancestry , origin myth , history , homeland , language or dialect , symbolic systems such as religion , mythology and ritual , cuisine , dressing style, art , and physical appearance . Ethnic groups, derived from the same historical founder population , often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Bulgarians
BULGARIANS (Bulgarian : българи, _Bǎlgari_, IPA: ) are a South Slavic ethnic group who are native to Bulgaria and its neighboring regions. CONTENTS * 1 Citizenship * 2 Ethnogenesis * 2.1 History * 2.2 Bulgarian national movement * 3 Demographics * 4 Related ethnic groups * 5 Culture * 5.1 Language * 5.1.1 Cyrillic alphabet * 5.1.2 Name system * 5.2 Religion * 5.3 Art and science * 5.4 Cuisine * 5.5 Folk beliefs and customs * 5.6 Folk dress and music * 5.7 Sport * 5.8 Symbols * 6 Maps * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links CITIZENSHIPAccording to the Art.25 (1) of Constitution of Republic of Bulgaria , a Bulgarian citizen shall be anyone born of at least one parent holding a Bulgarian citizenship, or born on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria, should they not be entitled to any other citizenship by virtue of origin
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