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Brighton
BRIGHTON /ˈbraɪtən/ ( listen ) is a seaside resort on the south coast of England. It is part of the ceremonial county of East Sussex , within the historic county of Sussex
Sussex
. Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The ancient settlement of "Brighthelmstone" was documented in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
(1086). The town's importance grew in the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period , affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton
Brighton
began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France. The town also developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses
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British National Grid Reference System
The ORDNANCE SURVEY NATIONAL GRID REFERENCE SYSTEM is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude
Latitude
and Longitude
Longitude
. It is often called BRITISH NATIONAL GRID (BNG). The Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
(OS) devised the national grid reference system, and it is heavily used in their survey data, and in maps based on those surveys, whether published by the Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
or commercial map producers. Grid references are also commonly quoted in other publications and data sources, such as guide books or government planning documents
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ONS Coding System
In the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the OFFICE FOR NATIONAL STATISTICS maintains a series of codes to represent a wide range of geographical areas of the UK, for use in tabulating census and other statistical data. These codes are referred to as ONS CODES or GSS CODES referring to the Government Statistical Service of which ONS is part. The previous hierarchical system of codes has been replaced as from January 2011 by a nine-character code for all types of geography, in which there is no relation between the code for a lower-tier area and the corresponding parent area. The older coding system has now been phased out
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Nomenclature Of Territorial Units For Statistics
The CLASSIFICATION OF TERRITORIAL UNITS FOR STATISTICS (NUTS; French : Nomenclature des unités territoriales statistiques) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of countries for statistical purposes. The standard is developed and regulated by the European Union
European Union
, and thus only covers the member states of the EU in detail. The Classification of Territorial Units for Statistics is instrumental in the European Union's Structural Fund
Structural Fund
delivery mechanisms and for locating the area where goods and services subject to European public procurement legislation are to be delivered. For each EU member country, a hierarchy of three NUTS levels is established by Eurostat
Eurostat
in agreement with each member state; the subdivisions in some levels do not necessarily correspond to administrative divisions within the country
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Bronze Age Britain
BRONZE AGE BRITAIN is an era of British history that spanned from c. 2500 until c. 800 BC. Lasting for approximately 1,700 years, it was preceded by the era of Neolithic Britain and was in turn followed by the period of Iron Age Britain
Iron Age Britain
. Being categorised as the Bronze
Bronze
Age , it was marked by the use of copper and then bronze by the prehistoric Britons, who used such metals to fashion tools. Great Britain
Great Britain
in the Bronze
Bronze
Age also saw the widespread adoption of agriculture . During the British Bronze
Bronze
Age, large megalithic monuments similar to those from the Late Neolithic
Neolithic
continued to be constructed or modified, including such sites as Avebury , Stonehenge
Stonehenge
, Silbury Hill
Silbury Hill
and Must Farm
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Roman Conquest Of Britain
The ROMAN CONQUEST OF BRITAIN was a gradual process, beginning effectively in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius
Claudius
, whose general Aulus Plautius served as first governor of Roman Britain
Roman Britain
(Latin : Britannia). Great Britain
Great Britain
had already frequently been the target of invasions, planned and actual, by forces of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and Roman Empire
Roman Empire
. In common with other regions on the edge of the empire, Britain had enjoyed diplomatic and trading links with the Romans in the century since Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
's expeditions in 55 and 54 BC, and Roman economic and cultural influence was a significant part of the British late pre-Roman Iron Age
Iron Age
, especially in the south
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously GENTILIC was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary. Examples of demonyms include a Pakistani for a person from Pakistan
Pakistan
, Swahili for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial Kiwi for a person from New Zealand
New Zealand
, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal, commercial, and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time. Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (for example Newfoundland Standard Time
Time
is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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ISO 3166-2
ISO 3166-2 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for identifying the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1 . The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 2: Country subdivision
Country subdivision
code. It was first published in 1998. The purpose of ISO 3166-2 is to establish an international standard of short and unique alphanumeric codes to represent the relevant administrative divisions and dependent territories of all countries in a more convenient and less ambiguous form than their full names
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UTC+1
UTC+01:00 is a time offset that adds 1 hour to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). This time is used in: * Central European Time
Central European Time
* West Africa Time
West Africa Time
* Western European Summer Time
Western European Summer Time
* British Summer Time
British Summer Time
* Irish Standard Time * Romance Standard Time (Microsoft Windows Control panel) * Swatch Internet Time * EVE Online In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-08T12:06:10+01:00
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), also sometimes erroneously referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. American inventor and politician Benjamin Franklin
Benjamin Franklin
proposed a form of daylight time in 1784. He wrote an essay "An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light" to the editor of The Journal of Paris , suggesting, somewhat jokingly, that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning, making use of the natural morning light instead. New Zealander George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895
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UTC0
UTC±00:00 is the following time: * Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC), the basis for the world's civil time. * Western European Time (Ireland , Portugal
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Anglo-Saxons
The ANGLO-SAXONS were a people who inhabited Great Britain
Great Britain
from the 5th century . They comprise people from Germanic tribes who migrated to the island from continental Europe
Europe
, their descendants, and indigenous British groups who adopted some aspects of Anglo-Saxon culture and language. Historically, the Anglo-Saxon period denotes the period in Britain between about 450 and 1066, after their initial settlement and up until the Norman conquest . The early Anglo-Saxon period includes the creation of an English nation , with many of the aspects that survive today, including regional government of shires and hundreds . During this period, Christianity was re-established and there was a flowering of literature and language. Charters and law were also established
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Conservative Party (UK)
The CONSERVATIVE PARTY, officially the CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST PARTY, is a conservative political party in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. It is currently the governing party, having been so since the 2010 general election , where a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats was formed. In 2015 , the Conservatives led by David Cameron won a surprise majority and formed the first Conservative
Conservative
majority government since 1992 . However, the 2017 snap election on Thursday 8 June resulted in a hung parliament , and the Conservatives lost their parliamentary majority. They are reliant on the support of a Northern Irish political party , the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), in order to command a majority in the House of Commons through a confidence-and-supply deal
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Regions Of England
The REGIONS (formerly known as the GOVERNMENT OFFICE REGIONS; GORS) are the highest tier of sub-national division in England
England
. Between 1994 and 2011, nine regions had officially devolved functions within Government. While they no longer fulfil this role, they continue to be used for statistical and some administrative purposes. They define areas (constituencies) for the purposes of elections to the European Parliament . Eurostat