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Basel
BASEL (also BASLE /ˈbɑːzəl/ or /ˈbɑːl/ ; German : _Basel_ ; French : _Bâle_ ; Italian : _Basilea_ ) is a city in northwestern Switzerland on the river Rhine . Basel is Switzerland 's third-most-populous city (after Zürich and Geneva ) with about 175,000 inhabitants. Located where the Swiss, French and German borders meet, Basel also has suburbs in France and Germany . In 2014, the Basel agglomeration was the third largest in Switzerland with a population of 537,100 in 74 municipalities in Switzerland and an additional 53 in neighboring countries (municipal count as of 2000). The official language of Basel is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German , but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect
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Elisabethenkirche, Basel
The ELISABETHENKIRCHE, or Offene Kirche Elisabethen, is a 19th century church building in the centre of Basel
Basel
, next to the Theater Basel
Basel
, in Switzerland
Switzerland
. It is a well detailed example of Swiss Gothic Revival style churches. It has a 72 metres (236 ft) tall bell tower and spire. The tower has internal stairs. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Present day * 3 See also * 4 References HISTORYThe church was begun in 1857 and completed in 1864. The construction was sponsored by the wealthy Basel
Basel
businessman Christoph Merian
Christoph Merian
and his wife Margarethe Burckhardt-Merian. They were both laid to rest in black marble sarcophagi in the crypt below the church's main floor. The Merians also founded the Christoph-Merian-Stiftung . Today's congregation forms part of the Evangelical-Reformed Church of the Canton Basel-Stadt
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Switzerland
SWITZERLAND (/ˈswɪtsərlənd/ ), officially the SWISS CONFEDERATION, is a federal republic in Europe
Europe
. It consists of 26 cantons , and the city of Bern
Bern
is the seat of the federal authorities. The country is situated in western -Central Europe
Europe
, and is bordered by Italy
Italy
to the south, France
France
to the west, Germany
Germany
to the north, and Austria
Austria
and Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
to the east
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Cantons Of Switzerland
The 26 CANTONS OF SWITZERLAND (German : _Kanton_, French : _canton_, Italian : _cantone_, Romansh : _chantun_) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation . The nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the form of the first three confederate allies used to be referred to as the Waldstätte
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Canton Of Basel-Stadt
The CANTON OF BASEL-STADT (German: Basel-Stadt
Basel-Stadt
(help ·info ) "Basel-City"; French : BâLE-VILLE, Italian : BASILEA CITTà) is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland
Switzerland
. The city of Basel
Basel
and the municipalities of Bettingen
Bettingen
and Riehen form its territory. The city-state canton of Basel
Basel
is the smallest out of all 26 cantons in Switzerland. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Politics * 4 Demographics * 5 Economy * 6 Transport * 7 Culture * 8 See also * 9 Notes and references * 10 External links HISTORYThe canton of Basel-Stadt
Basel-Stadt
was created when the historic canton of Basel
Basel
was divided in 1833, following political quarrels and armed conflict in the canton. Some of these were concerned with the rights of the population in the agricultural areas
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Executive (government)
The EXECUTIVE is the organ exercising authority in and holding responsibility for the governance of a state . The executive executes and enforces law . In political systems based on the principle of separation of powers , authority is distributed among several branches (executive, legislative , judicial ) — an attempt to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of a small group of people. In such a system, the executive does not pass laws (the role of the legislature) or interpret them (the role of the judiciary). Instead, the executive enforces the law as written by the legislature and interpreted by the judiciary. The executive can be the source of certain types of law, such as a decree or executive order . Executive bureaucracies are commonly the source of regulations . In the Westminster political system , the principle of separation of powers is not as entrenched
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Mayor (Switzerland)
In many countries, a MAYOR (/ˈmɛər/ or /ˈmeɪər/ , from the Latin
Latin
maior , meaning "bigger") is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town . Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated. Depending on the system chosen, a mayor may be the chief executive officer of the municipal government, may simply chair a multi-member governing body with little or no independent power, or may play a solely ceremonial role. Options for selection of a mayor include direct election by the public, or selection by an elected governing council or board
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List Of Presidents Of The Executive Council Of Basel
This is a LIST OF PRESIDENTS OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL OF THE CANTON OF BASEL-STADT. The canton of Basel-Stadt
Basel-Stadt
and city of Basel
Basel
are government by a seven-member executive council (Regierungsrat). The executive council is chaired by its president (Regierungspräsident). The function used to rotate annually among the members, but has become a permanent role in 2009. The city of Basel
Basel
doesn't have a government of its own or a mayor
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List Of Political Parties In Switzerland
This is a list of POLITICAL PARTIES IN SWITZERLAND. Switzerland
Switzerland
has a multi-party system . Since 1959, the four largest parties have formed a coalition government , according to a "Zauberformel" or "magic formula ". This arithmetic formula divides the seven cabinet seats among representatives of the four largest parties
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Parliament
In modern politics and history, a PARLIAMENT is a legislative , elected body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate , making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries. Although some restrict the use of the word _parliament_ to parliamentary systems , it is also commonly used to describe the legislature in presidential systems (e.g. the French parliament ), even where it is not in the official name. Historically, parliaments included various kinds of deliberative, consultative, and judicial assemblies, e.g. mediaeval parlements
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Rhine
The RHINE (Latin : _Rhenus_, Romansh : _Rein_, German : _Rhein_, French : _le Rhin_, Dutch : _Rijn_) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps , forms part of the Swiss-Austrian , Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border , then flows through the Rhineland and eventually empties into the North Sea in the Netherlands . The largest city on the river Rhine is Cologne , Germany, with a population of more than 1,050,000 people. It is the second-longest river in Central and Western Europe (after the Danube ), at about 1,230 km (760 mi), with an average discharge of about 2,900 m3/s (100,000 cu ft/s)
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Demonym
A DEMONYM (/ˈdɛmənɪm/ ; δῆμος _dẽmos_ "people, tribe", ὄνομα _ónoma_ "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place. It is a neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously _GENTILIC_ was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the _ Oxford English Dictionary _ and _Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary_. Examples of demonyms include a _ Pakistani _ for a person from Pakistan , _Swahili _ for a person of the Swahili coast , the colloquial _Kiwi _ for a person from New Zealand , and a _Cochabambino_ for a person from the city of Cochabamba . Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region
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