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Barony
A modern GEOGRAPHIC BARONY, in Scotland, Ireland
Ireland
and outlying parts of England, constitutes an administrative division of a country, usually of lower rank and importance than a county . CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 Surviving examples * 2.1 England
England
* 2.2 Scotland * 2.3 Ireland
Ireland
* 2.4 Norway
Norway
* 3 See also * 4 References ORIGINA geographic barony is a remnant from mediaeval times of the area of land held under the form of feudal land tenure termed feudal barony, or barony by tenure, either an English feudal barony
English feudal barony
, a Scottish feudal barony or an Irish feudal barony , which all operated under different legal and social systems
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. It shares land borders with Scotland
Scotland
to the north and Wales
Wales
to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England
England
and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England
England
is separated from continental Europe
Europe
by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel
English Channel
to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
(which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller named islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight
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Statistical Area (United States)
Population * Area * Density * Ethnic identity * Foreign-born * Income * Spanish speakers * By decade URBAN AREAS Populous cities and metropolitan areas METROPOLITAN AREAS * 574 Primary Statistical Areas * 169 Combined Statistical Areas
Combined Statistical Areas
* 929 Core Based Statistical Areas * 389 Metropolitan Statistical Areas * 540 Micropolitan Statistical Areas MEGAREGIONS * SEE ALSO * North American metro areas * World cities * v * t * e The United States federal government defines and delineates the nation's metropolitan areas for statistical purposes, using a set of standard STATISTICAL AREA definitions. As of 2013, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defined and delineated 388 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and 541 micropolitan statistical areas (μSAs) in the United States
United States
and Puerto Rico
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Counties Of England
COUNTIES OF ENGLAND are areas used for the purposes of administrative, geographical, cultural or political demarcation. For administrative purposes, England
England
outside Greater London
Greater London
and the Isles of Scilly is divided into 83 metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties . These counties may consist of a single district or be divided into several districts. As of April 2009, 27 of these counties are divided into districts and have a county council . Six of the counties, covering the major conurbations , are known as metropolitan counties , which do not have county councils, although some functions are organised on a county-wide basis by their districts (metropolitan boroughs ) acting jointly. All of England
England
(including Greater London
Greater London
and the Isles of Scilly) is also divided into 48 ceremonial counties , which are also known as geographic counties
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Micropolitan Statistical Area
Population * Area * Density * Ethnic identity * Foreign-born * Income * Spanish speakers * By decade URBAN AREAS Populous cities and metropolitan areas METROPOLITAN AREAS * 574 Primary Statistical Areas * 169 Combined Statistical Areas * 929 Core Based Statistical Areas * 388 Metropolitan Statistical Areas * 540 Micropolitan Statistical Areas MEGAREGIONS * SEE ALSO * North American metro areas * World cities * v * t * e UNITED STATES MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS (µSA, where the initial Greek letter mu represents "micro- "), as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), are labor market areas in the United States centered on an urban cluster (urban area) with a population at least 10,000 but fewer than 50,000 people. The micropolitan area designation was created in 2003
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Half-canton
The 26 CANTONS OF SWITZERLAND (German : Kanton, French : canton, Italian : cantone, Romansh : chantun) are the member states of the Swiss Confederation
Swiss Confederation
. The nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the form of the first three confederate allies used to be referred to as the Waldstätte . Two further major steps in the development of the Swiss cantonal system are referred to by the terms Acht Alten Orte ("confederation of eight"; between 1353 and 1481) and Dreizehn Alten Orte ("Thirteen-Canton Confederation", during 1513–1798); they were important intermediate periods of the Ancient Swiss Confederacy
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Wikisource
WIKISOURCE is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki , operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . Wikisource is the name of the project as a whole and the name for each instance of that project (each instance usually representing a different language); multiple Wikisources make up the overall project of Wikisource. The project's aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts (its first text was the Déclaration universelle des Droits de l\'Homme ), it has expanded to become a general-content library. The project officially began in November 24, 2003 under the name PROJECT SOURCEBERG, a play on the famous Project Gutenberg
Project Gutenberg
. The name Wikisource
Wikisource
was adopted later that year and it received its own domain name seven months later
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Moot Hill
SCONE ABBEY (originally SCONE PRIORY) was a house of Augustinian canons located in Scone , Perthshire
Perthshire
( Gowrie ), Scotland
Scotland
. Dates given for the establishment of Scone Priory have ranged from 1114 A.D. to 1122 A.D. However, historians have long believed that Scone was before that time the center of the early medieval Christian cult of the Culdees
Culdees
(Céli Dé in medieval Irish meaning "Companions of God"). Very little is known about the Culdees
Culdees
but it is thought that a cult may have been worshiping at Scone from as early as 700 A.D. Archaeological surveys taken in 2007 suggest that Scone was a site of real significance even prior to 841 A.D., when Kenneth MacAlpin brought the Stone of Destiny , Scotland's most prized relic and coronation stone, to Scone
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Protected Area
PROTECTED AREAS or CONSERVATION AREAS are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological or cultural values. There are several kinds of protected areas, which vary by level of protection depending on the enabling laws of each country or the regulations of the international organisations involved. The term "protected area" also includes Marine Protected Areas , the boundaries of which will include some area of ocean, and Transboundary Protected Areas that overlap multiple countries which remove the borders inside the area for conservation and economic purposes. There are over 161,000 protected areas in the world (as of October 2010) with more added daily, representing between 10 and 15 percent of the world's land surface area. By contrast, only 1.17% of the world's oceans is included in the world's ~6,800 Marine Protected Areas
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Burgh Of Barony
A BURGH OF BARONY was a type of Scottish town (burgh ). Burghs of barony were distinct from royal burghs , as the title was granted to a landowner who, as a tenant-in-chief, held his estates directly from the crown. (In some cases, they might also be burghs of regality where the crown granted the leading noblemen judicial powers to try criminals for all offences except treason). They were created between 1450 and 1846, and conferred upon the landowner the right to hold weekly markets. Unlike royal burghs, they were not allowed to participate in foreign trade . In practice very few burghs of barony developed into market towns . Over 300 such burghs were created: the last was Ardrossan
Ardrossan
in 1846. From 1833 inhabitants of such burghs could form a police burgh governed by elected commissioners. In some cases the existing burgh continued to exist alongside the police burgh
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Feudalism In England
FEUDALISM as practiced in the Kingdom of England
Kingdom of England
was a state of human society which was formally structured and stratified on the basis of land tenure and the varieties thereof. Society was thus ordered around relationships derived from the holding of land, which landholdings are termed "fiefdoms , fiefs, or fees". These political and military customs existed in medieval Europe, having developed around 700 A.D., flourished up to about the first quarter of the 14th century and declined until their legal abolition in England with the Tenures Abolition Act 1660
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Tenures Abolition Act 1660
THE TENURES ABOLITION ACT 1660 (12 Car 2 c 24), sometimes known as the STATUTE OF TENURES, was an Act of the Parliament of England
Parliament of England
which changed the nature of feudal land tenure in England. The long title of the Act was An act for taking away the Court of Wards and liveries, and tenures in capite, and by knights-service, and purveyance, and for settling a revenue upon his Majesty in lieu thereof. This Act was partly in force in Great Britain at the end of 2010
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Ireland
IRELAND (/ˈaɪərlənd/ ( listen ); Irish : Éire ( listen ); Ulster-Scots : Airlann ) is an island in the North Atlantic
North Atlantic
. It is separated from Great Britain
Great Britain
to its east by the North Channel , the Irish Sea , and St George\'s Channel . Ireland
Ireland
is the second-largest island of the British Isles
British Isles
, the third-largest in Europe
Europe
, and the twentieth-largest on Earth
Earth
. Politically, Ireland
Ireland
is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland
Ireland
), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
, which is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, in the northeast of the island
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Norway
Indigenous status: * Sami Minority status: * Jewish * Traveller * Forest Finn * Romani * Kven DEMONYM Norwegian ( Nordmann ) GOVERNMENT Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy • MONARCH Harald V Glücksburg • PRIME MINISTER Erna Solberg
Erna Solberg
• PRESIDENT OF THE STORTING Olemic Thommessen
Olemic Thommessen
• CHIEF JUSTICE Toril Marie Øie LEGISLATURE Storting
Storting
HISTORY • STATE ESTABLISHED PRIOR UNIFICATION 872 • NORWEGIAN EMPIRE (GREATEST INDEP
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Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition
The ENCYCLOPæDIA BRITANNICA ELEVENTH EDITION (1910–11) is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication. Some of its articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time. This edition of the encyclopedia is now in the public domain , but the outdated nature of some of its content makes its use as a source for modern scholarship problematic. Some articles have special value and interest to modern scholars as cultural artifacts of the 19th and early 20th centuries. Tens of thousands of its articles were copied directly into , where they still can be found
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Earl
An EARL /ɜːrl/ is a member of the nobility . The title is Anglo-Saxon in origin, akin to the Scandinavian form JARL, and meant "chieftain ", particularly a chieftain set to rule a territory in a king's stead. In Scandinavia, it became obsolete in the Middle Ages and was replaced by duke (hertig/hertug/hertog). In later medieval Britain, it became the equivalent of the continental count (in England in the earlier period, it was more akin to a duke ; in Scotland
Scotland
it assimilated the concept of mormaer ). However, earlier in Scandinavia, jarl could also mean a sovereign prince . For example, the rulers of several of the petty kingdoms of Norway had the title of jarl and in many cases they had no less power than their neighbours who had the title of king
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