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A modern GEOGRAPHIC BARONY, in Scotland, Ireland
Ireland
and outlying parts of England, constitutes an administrative division of a country, usually of lower rank and importance than a county .

CONTENTS

* 1 Origin

* 2 Surviving examples

* 2.1 England
England
* 2.2 Scotland * 2.3 Ireland
Ireland
* 2.4 Norway
Norway

* 3 See also * 4 References

ORIGIN

A geographic barony is a remnant from mediaeval times of the area of land held under the form of feudal land tenure termed feudal barony, or barony by tenure, either an English feudal barony , a Scottish feudal barony or an Irish feudal barony , which all operated under different legal and social systems. Just as modern counties are no longer under the administrative control of a noble count or earl , geographic baronies are generally no longer connected with feudal barons, certainly not in England
England
where such tenure was abolished with the whole feudal system by the Tenures Abolition Act 1660 . The position in Scotland is more complex, although the legal force of the Scottish feudal baron was abolished early in the 21st century.

SURVIVING EXAMPLES

ENGLAND

Two divisions of the county of Westmorland in England
England
:

* Barony of Kendal * Barony of Westmorland

SCOTLAND

* Burgh of barony * List of Scottish feudal baronies * Prescriptive barony * Barony of Cartsburn * Barony of Cowie * Barony of Craigie in Angus * Barony of Dirleton * Lordship and Barony of Hailes * Barony of Ladyland * Barony of Newton * Barony of Peacockbank * Barony of Plenderleith

IRELAND

* Barony (Ireland) , a former unit of administration in Ireland
Ireland
, below the level of the counties and latterly not usually associated with any baronial title.

NORWAY

* In Norway
Norway
, the only Barony of Rosendal

SEE ALSO

_ Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica_ article _BARONY _.

* _ Caput baronium _, the seat of a barony in Scotland * Moot hill
Moot hill
, the principal residence in law of a barony in England

REFERENCES

* ^ P. G. B. McNeill and H. L. MacQueen, eds, _Atlas of Scottish History to 1707_ (University of Edinburgh: Edinburgh, 1996), pp. 201-7

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

ENGLISH TERMS

COMMON ENGLISH TERMS1

AREA

* Insular area * Local government area * Protected area * Special
Special
area

* Statistical area

* Combined statistical area * Metropolitan statistical area * Micropolitan statistical area

* Urban area
Urban area

CANTON Half-canton

BOROUGH

* County
County
borough * Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan borough

CAPITAL

* Federal capital
Federal capital
* _Imperial capital _

CITY

* City
City
state * Autonomous city * Charter city * Independent city * Incorporated city * _ Imperial city
Imperial city
_ * _ Free imperial city
Free imperial city
_ * _ Royal free city _

COMMUNITY

* Autonomous community * Residential community

COUNTY

* Administrative county * Autonomous county * Consolidated city-county

* Metropolitan county

* Non-metropolitan

* Viscountcy

COUNTRY

* Overseas country

DEPARTMENT

* Overseas department

DISTRICT

* Capital district * City
City
district * Congressional district * Electoral district
Electoral district
* Federal district
Federal district
* Indian government district * Land district

* Metropolitan district
Metropolitan district

* Non-metropolitan district

* Military district
Military district
* Municipal district * Police district * Regional district * Rural district
Rural district
* Sanitary district * Subdistrict * Urban district
Urban district
* Special
Special
district

DIVISION

* Census division * Police division * Subdivision

MUNICIPALITY

* County
County
municipality

* Norway
Norway
* Nova Scotia * Regional county municipality

* Direct-controlled municipality * District
District
municipality * Mountain resort municipality * Neutral municipality * Regional municipality * Resort municipality
Resort municipality
* Rural municipality
Rural municipality
* Specialized municipality

PREFECTURE

* Autonomous prefecture * Subprefecture
Subprefecture
* Super-prefecture
Super-prefecture
* _ Praetorian prefecture _

PROVINCE

* Autonomous province * _ Overseas province _ * _ Roman province
Roman province
_

REGION

* Administrative region
Administrative region
* Autonomous region
Autonomous region
* Capital region
Capital region
* Development region * Economic region * Mesoregion * Microregion
Microregion
* Overseas region * Planning region * Special administrative region * Statistical region * Subregion

RESERVE

* Biosphere reserve
Biosphere reserve
* Ecological reserve * Game reserve * Indian reserve * Nature reserve
Nature reserve

STATE

* Federal state
Federal state
* Free state * _ Sovereign state
Sovereign state
_

TERRITORY

* Capital territory
Capital territory

* Federal capital
Federal capital
territory

* Dependent territory * Federal territory * Military territory * Organized incorporated territory * Overseas territory * Union territory * Unorganized territory

TOWN

* Census town * Market town

TOWNSHIP

* Charter township * Civil township * Paper township * Survey township * Urban township

UNIT

* Autonomous territorial unit * Local administrative unit * Municipal unit * Regional unit

ZONE

* Economic zone

* Exclusive economic zone
Exclusive economic zone
* Free economic zone * Special economic zone

* Free-trade zone * Neutral zone * Self-administered zone
Self-administered zone

OTHER ENGLISH TERMS

CURRENT

* Alpine resort * Bailiwick

* Banner

* Autonomous

* Block * Cadastre * Circle * Circuit * Colony
Colony
* Commune * Condominium * Constituency * Duchy
Duchy
* Eldership * Emirate
Emirate
* Federal dependency * Governorate
Governorate
* Hamlet * Ilkhanate * Indian reservation
Indian reservation

* Manor
Manor

* Royal

* Muftiate * Neighbourhood
Neighbourhood
* Parish * Periphery * Precinct
Precinct
* Principality
Principality
* Protectorate
Protectorate
* Quarter * Regency * Autonomous republic
Autonomous republic
* Riding

* Sector

* Autonomous

* Shire
Shire
* Sultanate
Sultanate
* Suzerainty * Townland
Townland

* Village
Village

* Administrative * Summer

* Ward *

HISTORICAL

* Agency * Barony * Burgh
Burgh
* Exarchate * Hide * Hundred * Imperial Circle * March * Monthon
Monthon
* Presidency * Residency * Roman diocese * Seat * Tenth * Tithing

NON-ENGLISH OR LOANWORDS

CURRENT

* Amt * Bakhsh * Barangay
Barangay
* Bezirk
Bezirk
* Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
* Comune
Comune
* Frazione * Fu * Gemeinde
Gemeinde
* Județ

* Kunta / kommun

* Finland * Sweden

* Län * Località * Megye * Muban

* Oblast
Oblast

* Autonomous

* Okrug
Okrug
* Ostān * Poblacion
Poblacion
* Purok
Purok
* Shahrestān * Sum * Sýsla * Tehsil
Tehsil
* Vingtaine

HISTORICAL

* Commote * Gau * Heerlijkheid * Köping * Maalaiskunta

* Nome

* Egypt * Greece

* Pagus * Pargana * Plasă * Satrapy * Socken * Subah * Syssel * Zhou

* v * t * e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

FIRST-LEVEL

* Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) * Wilayah (ولاية province) * Mintaqah (منطقة region) * Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) * Imarah (إمارة emirate) * Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) * Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

SECOND / THIRD-LEVEL

* Mintaqah (منطقة region) * Qadaa (قضاء district) * Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) * Markaz (مركز district) * Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") * Daerah
Daerah
/ Daïra (دائرة circle) * Liwa (لواء banner / _sanjak _)

CITY / TOWNSHIP-LEVEL

* Amanah (أمانة municipality) * Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) * Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) * Mahallah (محلة) * Qarya (قرية) * Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

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French terms for country subdivisions

* arrondissement * département * préfecture * subprefectures

* v * t * e

Greek terms for country subdivisions

MODERN

* apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis § / diamerisma § / periphereia * nomos § / periphereiaki enotita * demos / eparchia § / koinotita §

HISTORICAL

* archontia/archontaton * bandon * demos * despotaton * dioikesis * doukaton * droungos * eparchia * exarchaton * katepanikion * kephalatikion * kleisoura * meris * naukrareia * satrapeia * strategis * thema * toparchia * tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

* v * t * e

Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

REGIONAL SUBDIVISIONS

* Estado
Estado
* Distrito federal * Província * Região * Distrito * Comarca * _Capitania_

LOCAL SUBDIVISIONS

* Município * Concelho
Concelho
* Freguesia * Comuna * Circunscrição

SETLEMENTS

* Cidade
Cidade
* Vila * Aldeia * Bairro
Bairro
* Lugar

* Historical subdivisions in _italics_.

* v * t * e

Slavic terms for country subdivisions

CURRENT

* dzielnica * gmina * krai * kraj * krajina / pokrajina * městys * obec * oblast / oblast\' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast\' * okręg * okres * okrug * opština / općina / občina / obshtina * osiedle * powiat / povit * raion * selsoviet / silrada * sołectwo * voivodeship / vojvodina * županija

HISTORICAL

* darugha * gromada * guberniya / gubernia * jurydyka * khutor * obshchina * okolia * opole * pogost * prowincja * sorok * srez * starostwo / starostva * uyezd * volost * ziemia * župa

* v * t * e

Spanish terms for country subdivisions

NATIONAL, FEDERAL

* Comunidad autónoma * Departamento
Departamento
* Distrito federal * Estado
Estado
* Provincia * Región

REGIONAL, METROPOLITAN

* Cantón * Comarca * Comuna * Corregimiento * Delegación * Distrito * Mancomunidad * _ Merindad _ * Municipalidad * Municipio
Municipio

* Parroquia
Parroquia

* Ecuador * Spain

URBAN, RURAL

* Aldea * Alquería * _Anteiglesia _

* Asentamiento

* Asentamiento informal * Pueblos jóvenes

* Barrio
Barrio
* Campamento * Caserío

* Ciudad

* Ciudad autónoma

* Colonia * Lugar * Masía * Pedanía * Población * Ranchería * Sitio
Sitio
* Vereda * Villa
Villa
* Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

* Historical subdivisions in _italics_.

* v * t * e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

MODERN

* il (province) * ilçe (district) * şehir (city) * kasaba (town) * belediye (municipality) * belde (community) * köy (village) * mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

HISTORICAL

* ağalık (feudal district) * bucak (subdistrict) * beylerbeylik (province) * kadılık (subprovince) * kaza (sub-province) * hidivlik (viceroyalty) * mutasarrıflık (subprovince) * nahiye (nahiyah) * paşalık (province) * reya (Romanian principalities) * sancak (prefecture) * vilayet (province) * voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in _italics_. See also: Census division , Electoral district
Electoral district
, Political division
Political division
, and List of administrative divisions by country

_ This article about geography terminology is a stub . You can help by expanding it ._

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