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A modern GEOGRAPHIC BARONY, in Scotland, Ireland
Ireland
and outlying parts of England, constitutes an administrative division of a country, usually of lower rank and importance than a county .

CONTENTS

* 1 Origin

* 2 Surviving examples

* 2.1 England
England
* 2.2 Scotland * 2.3 Ireland
Ireland
* 2.4 Norway
Norway

* 3 See also * 4 References

ORIGIN

A geographic barony is a remnant from mediaeval times of the area of land held under the form of feudal land tenure termed feudal barony, or barony by tenure, either an English feudal barony , a Scottish feudal barony or an Irish feudal barony , which all operated under different legal and social systems. Just as modern counties are no longer under the administrative control of a noble count or earl , geographic baronies are generally no longer connected with feudal barons, certainly not in England
England
where such tenure was abolished with the whole feudal system by the Tenures Abolition Act 1660
Tenures Abolition Act 1660
. The position in Scotland is more complex, although the legal force of the Scottish feudal baron was abolished early in the 21st century.

SURVIVING EXAMPLES

ENGLAND

Two divisions of the county of Westmorland
Westmorland
in England
England
:

* Barony of Kendal
Barony of Kendal
* Barony of Westmorland
Westmorland

SCOTLAND

* Burgh of barony * List of Scottish feudal baronies
List of Scottish feudal baronies
* Prescriptive barony * Barony of Cartsburn * Barony of Cowie * Barony of Craigie in Angus * Barony of Dirleton * Lordship and Barony of Hailes * Barony of Ladyland * Barony of Newton * Barony of Peacockbank * Barony of Plenderleith

IRELAND

* Barony (Ireland)
Barony (Ireland)
, a former unit of administration in Ireland
Ireland
, below the level of the counties and latterly not usually associated with any baronial title.

NORWAY

* In Norway
Norway
, the only Barony of Rosendal

SEE ALSO

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article BARONY .

* Caput baronium , the seat of a barony in Scotland * Moot hill
Moot hill
, the principal residence in law of a barony in England

REFERENCES

* ^ P. G. B. McNeill and H. L. MacQueen, eds, Atlas of Scottish History to 1707 (University of Edinburgh: Edinburgh, 1996), pp. 201-7

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Designations for types of administrative territorial entities

ENGLISH TERMS

COMMON ENGLISH TERMS1

AREA

* Insular area
Insular area
* Local government area * Protected area * Special
Special
area

* Statistical area

* Combined statistical area * Metropolitan statistical area * Micropolitan statistical area

* Urban area
Urban area

CANTON Half-canton

BOROUGH

* County
County
borough * Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan borough

CAPITAL

* Federal capital * Imperial capital

CITY

* City
City
state * Autonomous city * Charter city * Independent city * Incorporated city * Imperial city
Imperial city
* Free imperial city * Royal free city

COMMUNITY

* Autonomous community * Residential community

COUNTY

* Administrative county * Autonomous county * Consolidated city-county

* Metropolitan county

* Non-metropolitan

* Viscountcy

COUNTRY

* Overseas country

DEPARTMENT

* Overseas department

DISTRICT

* Capital district * City
City
district * Congressional district * Electoral district * Federal district * Indian government district * Land district

* Metropolitan district
Metropolitan district

* Non-metropolitan district

* Military district * Municipal district * Police district * Regional district * Rural district * Sanitary district * Subdistrict * Urban district * Special
Special
district

DIVISION

* Census division * Police division * Subdivision

MUNICIPALITY

* County
County
municipality

* Norway
Norway
* Nova Scotia * Regional county municipality

* Direct-controlled municipality * District
District
municipality * Mountain resort municipality * Neutral municipality * Regional municipality * Resort municipality * Rural municipality * Specialized municipality

PREFECTURE

* Autonomous prefecture * Subprefecture * Super-prefecture * Praetorian prefecture

PROVINCE

* Autonomous province * Overseas province * Roman province
Roman province

REGION

* Administrative region * Autonomous region * Capital region * Development region * Economic region * Mesoregion * Microregion
Microregion
* Overseas region * Planning region * Special administrative region * Statistical region * Subregion

RESERVE

* Biosphere reserve * Ecological reserve * Game reserve * Indian reserve * Nature reserve

STATE

* Federal state * Free state * Sovereign state
Sovereign state

TERRITORY

* Capital territory

* Federal capital territory

* Dependent territory * Federal territory * Military territory * Organized incorporated territory
Organized incorporated territory
* Overseas territory * Union territory * Unorganized territory

TOWN

* Census town * Market town

TOWNSHIP

* Charter township * Civil township
Civil township
* Paper township * Survey township
Survey township
* Urban township

UNIT

* Autonomous territorial unit * Local administrative unit * Municipal unit * Regional unit

ZONE

* Economic zone

* Exclusive economic zone * Free economic zone * Special economic zone
Special economic zone

* Free-trade zone * Neutral zone * Self-administered zone

OTHER ENGLISH TERMS

CURRENT

* Alpine resort * Bailiwick

* Banner

* Autonomous

* Block * Cadastre * Circle * Circuit * Colony
Colony
* Commune * Condominium * Constituency * Duchy * Eldership * Emirate * Federal dependency * Governorate * Hamlet * Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
* Indian reservation

* Manor
Manor

* Royal

* Muftiate * Neighbourhood * Parish * Periphery * Precinct
Precinct
* Principality
Principality
* Protectorate * Quarter * Regency * Autonomous republic * Riding

* Sector

* Autonomous

* Shire
Shire
* Sultanate * Suzerainty * Townland

* Village
Village

* Administrative * Summer

* Ward *

HISTORICAL

* Agency * Barony * Burgh
Burgh
* Exarchate
Exarchate
* Hide * Hundred * Imperial Circle
Imperial Circle
* March * Monthon
Monthon
* Presidency * Residency * Roman diocese * Seat * Tenth * Tithing

NON-ENGLISH OR LOANWORDS

CURRENT

* Amt * Bakhsh * Barangay
Barangay
* Bezirk * Regierungsbezirk
Regierungsbezirk
* Comune
Comune
* Frazione * Fu * Gemeinde * Județ

* Kunta / kommun

* Finland * Sweden

* Län
Län
* Località * Megye * Muban

* Oblast
Oblast

* Autonomous

* Okrug * Ostān * Poblacion
Poblacion
* Purok
Purok
* Shahrestān * Sum * Sýsla * Tehsil * Vingtaine

HISTORICAL

* Commote * Gau * Heerlijkheid * Köping * Maalaiskunta

* Nome

* Egypt * Greece

* Pagus * Pargana * Plasă
Plasă
* Satrapy * Socken * Subah * Syssel * Zhou

* v * t * e

Arabic
Arabic
terms for country subdivisions

FIRST-LEVEL

* Muhafazah (محافظة governorate) * Wilayah (ولاية province) * Mintaqah (منطقة region) * Mudiriyah (مديرية directorate) * Imarah (إمارة emirate) * Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) * Shabiyah (شعبية "popularate")

SECOND / THIRD-LEVEL

* Mintaqah (منطقة region) * Qadaa (قضاء district) * Nahiyah (ناحية subdistrict) * Markaz (مركز district) * Mutamadiyah (معتمدية "delegation") * Daerah / Daïra (دائرة circle) * Liwa (لواء banner / sanjak )

CITY / TOWNSHIP-LEVEL

* Amanah (أمانة municipality) * Baladiyah (بلدية municipality) * Ḥai (حي neighborhood / quarter) * Mahallah (محلة) * Qarya (قرية) * Sheyakhah (شياخة "neighborhood subdivision")

English translations given are those most commonly used.

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French terms for country subdivisions

* arrondissement * département * préfecture * subprefectures

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Greek terms for country subdivisions

MODERN

* apokentromenes dioikiseis / geniki dioikisis § / diamerisma § / periphereia * nomos § / periphereiaki enotita * demos / eparchia § / koinotita §

HISTORICAL

* archontia/archontaton * bandon * demos * despotaton * dioikesis * doukaton * droungos * eparchia * exarchaton * katepanikion * kephalatikion * kleisoura * meris * naukrareia * satrapeia * strategis * thema * toparchia * tourma

§ signifies a defunct institution

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Portuguese terms for country subdivisions

REGIONAL SUBDIVISIONS

* Estado * Distrito federal * Província * Região * Distrito * Comarca * Capitania

LOCAL SUBDIVISIONS

* Município * Concelho * Freguesia
Freguesia
* Comuna * Circunscrição

SETLEMENTS

* Cidade * Vila * Aldeia * Bairro
Bairro
* Lugar

* Historical subdivisions in italics.

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Slavic terms for country subdivisions

CURRENT

* dzielnica * gmina * krai * kraj * krajina / pokrajina * městys * obec * oblast / oblast\' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast\' * okręg * okres * okrug * opština / općina / občina / obshtina * osiedle * powiat / povit * raion * selsoviet / silrada * sołectwo * voivodeship / vojvodina * županija

HISTORICAL

* darugha * gromada * guberniya / gubernia * jurydyka * khutor * obshchina * okolia * opole * pogost * prowincja * sorok * srez * starostwo / starostva * uyezd * volost * ziemia * župa

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Spanish terms for country subdivisions

NATIONAL, FEDERAL

* Comunidad autónoma * Departamento * Distrito federal * Estado * Provincia * Región

REGIONAL, METROPOLITAN

* Cantón * Comarca * Comuna * Corregimiento * Delegación * Distrito * Mancomunidad * Merindad * Municipalidad * Municipio
Municipio

* Parroquia

* Ecuador * Spain

URBAN, RURAL

* Aldea * Alquería * Anteiglesia

* Asentamiento

* Asentamiento informal * Pueblos jóvenes
Pueblos jóvenes

* Barrio * Campamento * Caserío

* Ciudad

* Ciudad autónoma

* Colonia * Lugar * Masía * Pedanía * Población * Ranchería
Ranchería
* Sitio
Sitio
* Vereda * Villa
Villa
* Village
Village
(Pueblito/Pueblo)

* Historical subdivisions in italics.

* v * t * e

Turkish terms for country subdivisions

MODERN

* il (province) * ilçe (district) * şehir (city) * kasaba (town) * belediye (municipality) * belde (community) * köy (village) * mahalle (neighbourhood/quarter)

HISTORICAL

* ağalık (feudal district) * bucak (subdistrict) * beylerbeylik (province) * kadılık (subprovince) * kaza (sub-province) * hidivlik (viceroyalty) * mutasarrıflık (subprovince) * nahiye (nahiyah) * paşalık (province) * reya (Romanian principalities) * sancak (prefecture) * vilayet (province) * voyvodalık (Romanian provinces)

1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics. See also: Census division , Electoral district , Political division , and List of administrative divisions by country

This article about geography terminology is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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