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1591
1591
1591
(MDXCI ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, the 1591st year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 591st year of the 2nd millennium
2nd millennium
, the 91st year of the 16th century
16th century
, and the 2nd year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1591, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923
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Millennium
A MILLENNIUM (plural MILLENNIA or MILLENNIUMS) is a period equal to 1000 years , also called kiloyears. It derives from the Latin
Latin
mille, thousand, and annus, year. It is often, but not always, related to a particular dating system . Sometimes, it is used specifically for periods of a thousand years that begin at the starting point (initial reference point) of the calendar in consideration (typically the year "1"), or in later years that are whole number multiples of a thousand years after it. The term can also refer to an interval of time beginning on any date. Frequently in the latter case (and sometimes also in the former) it may have religious or theological implications (see millenarianism ). Sometimes in use, such an interval called a "millennium" might be interpreted less precisely, i.e., not always being exactly 1000 years long. It could be, for example, 1050, etc
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Calendar Era
A CALENDAR ERA is the YEAR NUMBERING system used by a calendar . For example, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
numbers its years in the Western Christian era (the Coptic Orthodox and Ethiopian Orthodox churches have their own Christian eras). The instant, date, or year from which time is marked is called the epoch of the era. There are many different calendar eras such as Saka Era . In antiquity, regnal years were counted from the accession of a monarch. This makes the Chronology of the ancient Near East very difficult to reconstruct, based on disparate and scattered king lists, such as the Sumerian King List and the Babylonian Canon of Kings . In East Asia, reckoning by era names chosen by ruling monarchs ceased in the 20th century except for Japan
Japan
, where they are still used
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Gregorian Calendar
The GREGORIAN CALENDAR is internationally the most widely used civil calendar . It is named after Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII
, who introduced it in October
October
1582. The calendar was a refinement to the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
involving a 0.002% correction in the length of the year . The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox , which helps set the date for Easter
Easter
. Transition to the Gregorian calendar would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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Rabbit (zodiac)
The RABBIT (卯 ) is the fourth in the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac
Chinese zodiac
related to the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
. The YEAR OF THE RABBIT is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol 卯 . In the Vietnamese zodiac and the Gurung zodiac, the cat takes the place of the Rabbit. CONTENTS * 1 Years and the Five Elements * 2 Chinese Zodiac Rabbit
Rabbit
* 3 Basic astrology elements * 4 See also * 5 References YEARS AND THE FIVE ELEMENTSPeople born within these date ranges can be said to have been born in the "Year of the Rabbit", while also bearing the following elemental sign: White Rabbit
Rabbit
figure in stone
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Coptic Calendar
The COPTIC CALENDAR, also called the ALEXANDRIAN CALENDAR, is a liturgical calendar used by the Coptic Orthodox Church and still used in Egypt. This calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar . To avoid the calendar creep of the latter, a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar was introduced at the time of Ptolemy III (Decree of Canopus , in 238 BC) which consisted of the intercalation of a sixth epagomenal day every fourth year. However, this reform was opposed by the Egyptian priests, and the idea was not adopted until 25 BC, when the Roman Emperor Augustus
Augustus
formally reformed the calendar of Egypt
Egypt
, keeping it forever synchronized with the newly introduced Julian calendar . To distinguish it from the Ancient Egyptian calendar, which remained in use by some astronomers until medieval times, this reformed calendar is known as the Coptic calendar
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Tiger (zodiac)
The TIGER (寅 ) is one of the 12-year cycle of animals which appear in the Chinese zodiac
Chinese zodiac
related to the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
. The YEAR OF THE TIGER is associated with the Earthly Branch symbol 寅
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Ethiopian Calendar
The ETHIOPIAN CALENDAR ( Amharic
Amharic
: የኢትዮጵያ ዘመን አቆጣጠር? ; yä'Ityoṗṗya zämän aḳoṭaṭär) is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia
Ethiopia
and also serves as the liturgical year for Christians in Eritrea
Eritrea
and Ethiopia
Ethiopia
belonging to the Orthodox Tewahedo Churches , Eastern Catholic Churches and Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria . It is a solar calendar which in turn derives from the Egyptian Calendar , but like the Julian Calendar , it adds a leap day every four years without exception, and begins the year on August 29th or August 30th in the Julian Calendar . A gap of 7–8 years between the Ethiopian and Gregorian Calendars results from an alternate calculation in determining the date of the Annunciation
Annunciation

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Discordian Calendar
The DISCORDIAN or ERISIAN CALENDAR is an alternative calendar used by some adherents of Discordianism
Discordianism
. It is specified on page 00034 of the Principia Discordia . The Discordian year 1 YOLD is 1166 BC. (Elsewhere in the Principia Discordia, it is mentioned that the Curse of Greyface occurred in 1166 BC, so this is presumably related to the start-date of the calendar. ) As a reference, AD 2017
2017
is 3183 YOLD (Year of Our Lady of Discord). The abbreviation "YOLD" is not used in the Principia, though the phrase "Year of Our Lady of Discord" is mentioned once. CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Implementations * 3 References * 4 External links COMPOSITIONAs described in the Principia Discordia, the Discordian calendar has five 73-day seasons: Chaos, Discord, Confusion, Bureaucracy , and The Aftermath
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Ab Urbe Condita
AB URBE CONDITA (Classical orthography: ABVRBECONDITÁ; Latin pronunciation: ; related to ANNO URBIS CONDITAE; A. U. C., AUC, A.U.C.; also "ANNO URBIS", short A.U. ) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC. AUC is a year-numbering system used by some ancient Roman historians to identify particular Roman years. Renaissance editors sometimes added AUC to Roman manuscripts they published, giving the false impression that the Romans usually numbered their years using the AUC system. The dominant method of identifying Roman years in Roman times was to name the two consuls who held office that year. The regnal year of the emperor was also used to identify years, especially in the Byzantine Empire after 537, when Justinian
Justinian
required its use
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Armenian Calendar
The ARMENIAN CALENDAR uses the calendar era of AD 552, reflecting the separation of the Armenian Apostolic Church from the Chalcedonian Churches by the Monophysite schism . The calendar traditionally used in medieval Armenia was based on an invariant year length of 365 days. As a result, the correspondence between it and both the solar year and the Julian calendar slowly drifted over time, shifting across a year of the Julian calendar once in 1,461 calendar years (see Sothic cycle ). Thus, the Armenian year 1461 (Gregorian 2010/2011) completed the first full cycle; Armenian year 1 began on 11 July 552 of the Julian calendar, and Armenian year 1462 began on 24 July 2012 of the Gregorian calendar (corresponding to Julian 11 July). The Armenian calendar is divided into 12 months of 30 days each, plus an additional (epagomenal ) five days are called aweleacʿ ("superfluous")
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Byzantine Calendar
The BYZANTINE CALENDAR, also called "CREATION ERA OF CONSTANTINOPLE" or "ERA OF THE WORLD" ( Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
: Ἔτη Γενέσεως Κόσμου κατὰ Ῥωμαίους, also Ἔτος Κτίσεως Κόσμου or Ἔτος Κόσμου), was the calendar used by the Eastern Orthodox Church from c. 691 to 1728 in the Ecumenical Patriarchate . It was also the official calendar of the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
from 988 to 1453, and of Kievan Rus\' and Russia from c. 988 to 1700. The calendar was based on the Julian calendar , except that the year started on 1 September and the year number used an Anno Mundi epoch derived from the Septuagint version of the Bible
Bible

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Chinese Calendar
Traditional CHINESE CALENDAR is a lunisolar calendar which reckons years, months and days according to astronomical phenomena. Currently, the Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is defined by GB/T 33661-2017 Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar, which is issued by the Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China on May 12, 2017. The Chinese calendar
Chinese calendar
is used for traditional activities in China and overseas Chinese communities. It depicts and lists the dates of traditional Chinese holidays, and guides Chinese people in selecting the most auspicious days for weddings, funerals, moving, or beginning a business. In the Chinese calendar, the days begin and end at midnight. The months begin on the day with the dark (new) moon . The years begin with the dark moon near the midpoint between winter solstice and spring equinox
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Chinese Sexagenary Cycle
The SEXAGENARY CYCLE, also known as the STEMS-AND-BRANCHES or GANZHI, is a cycle of sixty terms used for reckoning time in China and the East Asian cultural sphere
East Asian cultural sphere
. It appears as a means of recording days in the first Chinese written texts, the Shang oracle bones of the late second millennium BC. Its use to record years began around the middle of the 3rd century BC. The cycle and its variations have been an important part of the traditional calendrical systems in Chinese-influenced Asian states and territories, particularly those of Japan , Korea , and Vietnam , with the old Chinese system still in use in Taiwan . This traditional method of numbering days and years no longer has any significant role in modern Chinese time keeping or the official calendar
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Buddhist Calendar
The BUDDHIST CALENDAR ( Pali : Sāsanā Sakaraj; Burmese : သာသနာ သက္ကရာဇ်, ; Khmer : ពុទ្ធសករាជ; Sinhala : බුද්ධ වර්‍ෂ or සාසන වර්‍ෂ ( Buddha
Buddha
Varsha or Sāsana Varsha)) is a set of lunisolar calendars primarily used in mainland Southeast Asian countries of Cambodia
Cambodia
, Laos
Laos
, Myanmar
Myanmar
and Thailand
Thailand
as well as in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
for religious or official occasions. While the calendars share a common lineage, they also have minor but important variations such as intercalation schedules, month names and numbering, use of cycles, etc. In Thailand, the name Buddhist Era is a year numbering system shared by the traditional Thai lunisolar calendar and by the Thai solar calendar
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Regnal Years Of English Monarchs
The following is a list of the official regnal years of the monarchs of the Kingdom of England (subsequently Great Britain
Great Britain
and the United Kingdom