HOME
The Info List - 1591


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

1591
1591
(MDXCI ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
, the 1591st year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and Anno Domini
Anno Domini
(AD) designations, the 591st year of the 2nd millennium
2nd millennium
, the 91st year of the 16th century
16th century
, and the 2nd year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1591, the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

CONTENTS

* 1 Events

* 1.1 January–June * 1.2 July–December * 1.3 Date unknown

* 2 Births

* 2.1 January–June * 2.2 July–December * 2.3 Date unknown

* 3 Deaths * 4 References

EVENTS

June 1 June 10 : Siege of Deventer
Deventer

JANUARY–JUNE

* March 13 Battle of Tondibi : In Mali
Mali
, forces sent by the Saadi Dynasty ruler of Morocco
Morocco
, Ahmad al-Mansur , and led by Judar Pasha , defeat the Songhai Empire
Songhai Empire
, despite being outnumbered by at least five to one. * April 10 – English merchant James Lancaster sets off on a voyage to the East Indies
East Indies
. * April 21 – Japanese tea-master Sen no Rikyū commits seppuku , on the order of Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
. * May 15 – In Russia , Tsarevich Dimitri , son of the Ivan the Terrible , is found dead in mysterious circumstances, at the palace in Uglich . The official explanation is that he has cut his own throat during an epileptic seizure. Many believe he has been murdered by his rival, Boris Godunov
Boris Godunov
, who becomes tsar. * May 24 – Sir John Norreys
John Norreys
, with an expeditionary force sent by Queen Elizabeth I of England
Elizabeth I of England
, takes the town of Guingamp
Guingamp
after a brief siege, on behalf of Henry of Navarre . * May 30 Timbuktu
Timbuktu
is captured by an expedition of Arma people , sent by the Saadi ruler of Morocco
Morocco
, and led by Judar Pasha . * May 30 Zutphen
Zutphen
is captured by the Dutch and English, under Maurice of Nassau . * June 10 Deventer
Deventer
is captured by the Dutch, under Maurice of Nassau.

JULY–DECEMBER

* July 25 Maurice of Nassau and Francis Vere defeat the Duke of Parma , outside Nijmegen
Nijmegen
. * July 22 – The Durtnell (Dartnell) Family of Brasted , Kent
Kent
, England, begin to work as building contractors. They will still be functioning under the twelfth generation of the family, in the 21st century. * August
August
– Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex leads an English army in support of the Protestant
Protestant
Henry IV of France
Henry IV of France
, at the Siege of Rouen .

* August–September

* During this year's Atlantic hurricane season
Atlantic hurricane season
, probably the most severe of the pre-1600 seasons , at least eight intense hurricanes occur.

* September 1 – HMS Revenge is captured by the Spanish ,following a battle off Flores island . * September 14 Hulst
Hulst
is captured by Maurice. * October 21 Nijmegen
Nijmegen
is captured by Maurice. * October 26 – The Portuguese invasion of Jaffna Kingdom begins. * October 29 Pope Innocent IX succeeds Pope Gregory XIV , as the 230th pope .

DATE UNKNOWN

* The city of Hyderabad, India
Hyderabad, India
is founded by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah . * The Rialto Bridge in Venice
Venice
, designed by Antonio da Ponte , is completed. * The first of the Conimbricenses commentaries on Aristotle
Aristotle
, by the Jesuits
Jesuits
of the University of Coimbra
University of Coimbra
, is published.

BIRTHS

Guercino
Guercino

JANUARY–JUNE

* January 3 Valentin de Boulogne
Valentin de Boulogne
, French painter (d. 1632 ) * January 4 William Spencer, 2nd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton , British baron (d. 1636
1636
) * January 7 – Princess Dorothea, Abbess of Quedlinburg (d. 1617 ) * January 11 Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex , English Civil War general (d. 1646
1646
) * January 12 Jusepe de Ribera
Jusepe de Ribera
, Spanish Tenebrist painter and printmaker (d. 1652 ) * January 15 David van Goorle , Dutch theologian and theoretical scientist (d. 1612
1612
) * January 26 Matthew Boynton , English politician (d. 1647
1647
) * January 29 – Franciscus Junius , pioneer of Germanic philology (d. 1677 )

* February 8

* Hervey Bagot , English politician (d. 1660 ) * Guercino
Guercino
, Italian painter (d. 1666 )

* February 13 Antonio Sabino , Italian composer (d. 1650
1650
) * February 21 (or March 2) – Girard Desargues
Girard Desargues
, French mathematician (d. 1661 ) * February 25 Friedrich von Spee , German Jesuit and poet (d. 1635
1635
) * February 28 Henry Clifford, 5th Earl of Cumberland , English politician (d. 1643 ) * March 3 Lucas de Wael , Flemish painter (d. 1661 ) * March 6 Tommaso Tamburini , Italian theologian (d. 1675 ) * March 9 Johannes Chrysostomus vander Sterre , Dutch abbot, ecclesiastical writer (d. 1652 ) * March 11 Isabella of Savoy , Italian noble (d. 1626
1626
) * March 15 or 1593 Alexandre de Rhodes , French Jesuit missionary (d. 1660 ) * March 19 Dirck Hals
Dirck Hals
, Dutch painter (d. 1656 ) * March 28 William Cecil, 2nd Earl of Salisbury , English earl (d. 1668 ) * April 5 – Prince Frederick Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1634
1634
) * April 11 Bartholomeus Strobel , Silezian painter (d. 1650
1650
) * April 25 Marcos de Torres y Rueda , interim viceroy of New Spain
Spain
(d. 1649
1649
) * May 2 – Prince Francis Charles of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1660 ) * May 5 Frederick Achilles, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt (d. 1631
1631
) * May 26 Olimpia Maidalchini
Olimpia Maidalchini
, Italian noblewoman (d. 1657 ) * June 16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo , Italian physician, mathematician, and music theorist (d. 1655 )

JULY–DECEMBER

* July 4 – Jonathan Rashleigh , English politician (d. 1675 ) * July 9 Jean Bagot , French theologian (d. 1664
1664
) * July 20 Anne Hutchinson , English Puritan preacher (d. 1643 ) * August
August
6 – George William, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (d. 1669 ) * August
August
12 – Louise de Marillac , French co-founder of the Daughters of Charity (d. 1660 ) * August
August
24 – Robert Herrick , English poet (d. 1674 ) * August
August
28 – John Christian of Brieg , Duke of Brzeg (1602–1639) (d. 1639 ) * September 8 Marie Angélique Arnauld , French abbess of the Abbey of Port-Royal (d. 1661 )

Michael de Sanctis

* September 29 Michael de Sanctis , Spanish saint (d. 1625
1625
) * October 2 – Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine (1608–1624) (d. 1632 ) * October 7 Pierre Le Muet , French architect (d. 1669 ) * October 22 – Alfonso III d\'Este, Duke of Modena , Italian noble (d. 1644 ) * November 20 George Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg (d. 1615 ) * November 29 Bernhard von Mallinckrodt , German bibliophile (d. 1664
1664
) * December 22 Tommaso Dingli , Maltese architect and sculptor (d. 1666 ) * December 30 Joseph Furttenbach , German architect (d. 1667 )

DATE UNKNOWN

* David Blondel , French Protestant
Protestant
clergyman (d. 1655 ) * Andrew Bobola , Polish Jesuit missionary and martyr (d. 1657 ) * Thomas Goffe , English dramatist (d. 1629 ) * William Lenthall
William Lenthall
, English politician of the Civil War period (d. 1662 )

DEATHS

Pope Gregory XIV John of the Cross Pope
Pope
Innocent IX

* February 6 Anna Sophia of Prussia , Duchess of Prussia and Duchess of Mecklenburg (b. 1527
1527
) * February 26 Vespasiano I Gonzaga , Italian noble and diplomat (b. 1531 ) * March 17 Jost Amman
Jost Amman
, Swiss printmaker (b. 1539 ) * April 9 Emilie of Saxony , German noble (b. 1516 ) * April 21 Sen no Rikyu
Sen no Rikyu
, Japanese exponent of the tea ceremony (b. 1522 ) * May 19 Elizabeth Cecil, 16th Baroness de Ros , English noblewoman (b. c. 1574 ) * May 15 – Tsarevich Dimitri , of Russia (b. 1582
1582
) * June 21 Aloysius Gonzaga
Aloysius Gonzaga
, Italian Jesuit and saint (b. 1568
1568
) * July 2 Vincenzo Galilei
Vincenzo Galilei
, Italian composer (b. 1520
1520
) * July 10 Anna of Hesse , Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken (b. 1529 ) * July 18 Jacobus Gallus Carniolus , Slovenian composer (b. 1550 ) * August
August
23 – Luis Ponce de León , Spanish lyric poet (b. 1527
1527
) * August
August
27 – Katheryn of Berain , Welsh noblewoman (b. 1534
1534
) * September 7 Heinrich Sudermann
Heinrich Sudermann
, German politician (b. 1520
1520
) * September 10 Richard Grenville , English soldier and explorer (b. 1542 ) * September 19 Alonso de Orozco Mena , Spanish Catholic priest (b. 1500
1500
) * September 25 Christian I, Elector of Saxony
Christian I, Elector of Saxony
(b. 1560 ) * September 29 – Count Johan II of East Frisia (b. 1538 ) * October 15 Duke Otto Henry of Brunswick-Harburg , Hereditary Prince of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Harburg (b. 1555 ) * October 16 Pope Gregory XIV (b. 1535 ) * November 20 Christopher Hatton
Christopher Hatton
, English politician (b. 1540
1540
) * December 14 – Saint John of the Cross , Spanish Carmelite friar and poet (b. 1542 ) * December 18 Marigje Arriens , Dutch woman executed for witchcraft (b. c. 1520
1520
) * December 30 Pope Innocent IX (b. 1519 )

* date unknown

* Crispin van den Broeck , Flemish painter (b. 1523 ) * John Erskine of Dun , Scottish religious reformer (b. 1509 ) * Toyotomi Hidenaga , Japanese nobleman (b. 1540
1540
) * John Stubbs , English pamphleteer (b. 1543 ) * Veronica Franco , Italian poet and courtesan (b. 1546 )

REFERENC