Sufism Sufism ( ar, ''aṣ-ṣūfiyya''), also known as Tasawwuf ( ''at-taṣawwuf''), is a mystic body of religious practice, found mainly within Sunni Islam but also within Shia Islam, which is characterized by a focus on Islamic spirituality ...
, a ''murīd'' (Arabic مُرِيد 'one who seeks') is a
novice A novice is a person who has entered a religious order and is under probation, before taking vows. A ''novice'' can also refer to a person (or animal e.g. racehorse) who is entering a profession with no prior experience. Religion Buddhism ...
committed to spiritual enlightenment by ''sulūk'' (traversing a path) under a spiritual guide, who may take the title murshid, '' pir'' or ''
shaykh Sheikh (pronounced or ; ar, شيخ ' , mostly pronounced , plural ' )—also transliterated sheekh, sheyikh, shaykh, shayk, shekh, shaik and Shaikh, shak—is an honorific title in the Arabic language. It commonly designates a chief of a ...
''. A ''
sālik A sālik is a follower of Sufism, from the verb ''salaka'' which means to travel or follow, related to ''sulūk'' "pathway". ''Sulūk'' here specifically refers to a spiritual path, i.e. the combination of the two "paths" that can be followed ...
'' or Sufi follower only becomes a ''murīd'' when he makes a pledge (''
bayʿah ''Bayʿah'' ( ar, بَيْعَة, "Pledge of allegiance"), in Islamic terminology, is an oath of allegiance to a leader. It is known to have been practiced by the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ''Bayʿah'' is sometimes taken under a written pact ...
'') to a ''murshid''. The equivalent Persian term is ''shāgird''. The
initiation Initiation is a rite of passage marking entrance or acceptance into a group or society. It could also be a formal admission to adulthood in a community or one of its formal components. In an extended sense, it can also signify a transformation ...
process of a ''murīd'' is known as ''ʿahd'' ( ar, عَهْد) or ''bai'ath''. Before initiation, a ''murid'' is instructed by his guide, who must first accept the initiate as his disciple. Throughout the instruction period, the ''murīd'' typically experiences waridates like visions and dreams during personal spiritual awrads and exercises. These visions are interpreted by the '' murshid''. A common practice among the early Sufi orders was to grant a '' khirqa'' or a robe to the ''murīd'' upon the initiation or after he had progressed through a series of increasingly difficult and significant tasks on the path of mystical development until attaining wassil stage. This practice is not very common now. ''Murīds'' often receive books of instruction from ''murshids'' and often accompany itinerant ''murshids'' on their wanderings.
John Esposito John Louis Esposito (born May 19, 1940) is an Italian-American academic, professor of Middle Eastern and religious studies, and scholar of Islamic studies, who serves as Professor of Religion, International Affairs, and Islamic Studies at Ge ...
, ''The Oxford Dictionary of Islam'', Oxford University Press, 2003

See also

* Murīdūn, Andalusian movement that revolted against Almoravid authority in 1144 *
Murid War In Sufism, a ''murīd'' (Arabic مُرِيد 'one who seeks') is a novice committed to spiritual enlightenment by ''sulūk'' (traversing a path) under a spiritual guide, who may take the title murshid, '' pir'' or ''shaykh''. A '' sālik'' or Su ...
, war between Russia and a Caucasian Naqshbandi movement in the 19th century * Mouride brotherhood, a prominent Sufi ''tariqa'' in West Africa, founded in 1883 *
Talibe A talibé (also spelled ''talibe'', plural ''talibés''; ar, طالب, ṭālib, seeker, 'student'; pl. ) is a boy, usually from Senegal, the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Chad, Mali or Mauritania, who studies the Quran at a daara (West ...
* Salik * Wassil * Majzoob * Muqarrab *


External links

Qualities of a Successful Murid

Sufi Live

The Online Murid Library (DaarayKamil.com)
Arabic words and phrases Sufism {{Sufism-stub