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The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini (stylized and marketed as iPhone 12 mini) are a range of
smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can per ...

smartphone
s designed, developed, and marketed by
Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...
They are the fourteenth-generation, "affordable flagship" iPhones, succeeding the
iPhone 11 The iPhone 11 is a smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations aut ...
. They were unveiled at a virtually held Apple Special Event at
Apple Park Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at One Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States. It was opened to employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway, and superseded the original headquarte ...
in
Cupertino, California Cupertino ( ) is a city in Santa Clara County, California, United States, directly west of San Jose, California, San Jose on the western edge of the Santa Clara Valley with portions extending into the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The p ...
on October 13, 2020, alongside the "premium flagship" iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max. Pre-orders for the iPhone 12 started on October 16, 2020, and the phone became available in most countries on October 23, 2020. Pre-orders for the iPhone 12 Mini began on November 6, 2020, and the phone became available on November 13, 2020. The major upgrades over the
iPhone 11 The iPhone 11 is a smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations aut ...
include the addition of a
OLED An organic light-emitting diode (OLED or organic LED), also known as organic electroluminescent (organic EL) diode, is a light-emitting diode with E27 screw in base, A bulb-shaped modern retrofit LED lamp File:Chip-On-Board CO ...
as opposed to the
LED-backlit LCD A LED-backlit LCD is a liquid-crystal display that uses LEDs for backlighting instead of traditional cold cathode#Lamps, cold cathode fluorescent (CCFL) backlighting. LED-backlit displays use the same TFT LCD (thin-film-transistor liquid-crystal ...
IPS panel IPS (in-plane switching) is a screen technology for liquid-crystal display A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display A flat-panel display (FPD) is an electronic display device s, LED display and Vacuum fluorescent display, VF d ...
on the iPhone 11 and XR, 5G support, the introduction of ,
Apple A14 Bionic The Apple A14 Bionic is a 64-bit In computer architecture, 64-bit Integer (computer science), integers, Memory address, memory addresses, or other Data#Uses%20of%20data%20in%20computing, data units are those that are 64 bits (8 Octet (comput ...
system on a chip A system on a chip (SoC; or This article uses the convention that SoC is pronounced . Therefore, it uses the convention "an" for the indefinite article Indefinite may refer to: * the opposite of definite in grammar ** indefinite article ...
(SoC),
high-dynamic-range video High-dynamic-range television (HDR or HDR-TV) is a technology improving the signal that displays receive. It is contrasted with the retroactively-named standard-dynamic-range video, standard dynamic range (SDR). HDR changes the way the lumin ...
Dolby Vision Dolby Vision is a set of technologies developed by Dolby Laboratories for High-dynamic-range video, high dynamic range (HDR) video. It covers content creation, distribution, and playback. It includes High-dynamic-range video#Dynamic metadata, dyna ...
4K up to 30 fps and a new Mini model. The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini, like the iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max, are the first iPhone models from Apple to no longer include a power adapter or
EarPods Apple Inc. has produced and sold headphones since 2001, available for standalone purchase and bundled with iPhone (until 2020) and iPod products. Apple's current product line consists of EarPods, wired earbuds available with a Phone connector (audi ...

EarPods
headphones found in prior iPhone models; however, a
USB-C USB-C (formally known as USB Type-C) is a 24-pin USB Universal Serial Bus (USB) is an industry standard ''Industry Standard'' is a 1982 album by Dixie Dregs, The Dregs. It is their only album featuring vocals (by Alex Ligertwood of Sa ...

USB-C
to
Lightning Lightning is a naturally occurring electrostatic discharge Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion Image:Leaving Yongsan ...
cable is included; and this change was retroactively applied to other iPhone models sold by Apple, such as the
iPhone XR The iPhone XR (stylized and marketed as iPhone Xʀ; Roman numeral Roman numerals are a that originated in and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the . Numbers in this system are represented by combinat ...
,
iPhone 11 The iPhone 11 is a smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations aut ...
and the second-generation iPhone SE.


Design

The iPhone 12 and 12 Mini is the first major redesign since the iPhone X. It features a flat chassis based on the
iPhone 4 The iPhone 4 is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the List of iOS devices, fourth generation of the iPhone lineup, succeeding the iPhone 3GS and preceding the iPhone 4S, 4S. Following a number of notable leaks, ...
and most recently seen on the first iPhone SE, and
iPad Pro iPad Pro is a premium professional sub-lineup of the iPad iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS and iPadOS mobile operating systems. The iPad (1st generation), first iP ...

iPad Pro
s since 2018 and the 4th-generation iPad Air. The notch size is similar to previous iPhone models, despite speculation about a reduction in width. The borders around the display are thinner by 35% than any previous model. The new design also comes with a ceramic-hardened front glass, marketed as Ceramic Shield, while the back retains the previous generation Dual-Ion Exchange strengthened glass. On April 20, 2021 at Apple's Special Event “Spring Loaded”, Apple revealed a new purple color option which became available on April 30. The iPhone 12 and 12 Mini are available in six colors: Black, White,
Product Red Product Red, stylized as (PRODUCT)RED or (PRODUCT)RED, is a licensed brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol or any other feature that identifies one seller's good or service as distinct from those of other sellers. Brands are used i ...

Product Red
, Green, Blue, and Purple.


Specifications


Hardware

The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini use Apple's six-core processor, which contains a next-generation neural engine. They both have three internal storage options: 64, 128, and 256 GB. Both also carry an IP68 water and dust resistance rating along with dirt and grime, and is water-resistant up to six meters (20 feet) for 30 minutes. However, the manufacturer warranty does not cover liquid damage to the phone. The iPhone 12 series are the first iPhone models to be supplied from launch without
EarPods Apple Inc. has produced and sold headphones since 2001, available for standalone purchase and bundled with iPhone (until 2020) and iPod products. Apple's current product line consists of EarPods, wired earbuds available with a Phone connector (audi ...

EarPods
or a , which Apple says was done to reduce carbon emissions and waste since most users already own them. Apple also claims 70% more boxes can fit on a pallet given the smaller box, and thus further reducing emissions. A
USB-C USB-C (formally known as USB Type-C) is a 24-pin USB Universal Serial Bus (USB) is an industry standard ''Industry Standard'' is a 1982 album by Dixie Dregs, The Dregs. It is their only album featuring vocals (by Alex Ligertwood of Sa ...

USB-C
to Lightning cord is included. This change also applies retroactively to all other iPhone models still in production. To comply with French law regarding wireless device radiation and health which requires phones to be bundled with and promote use of hands-free accessories by children under 14, iPhone models will still include EarPods in this market. A magnetic connector known as is introduced on the iPhone 12 models, allowing accessories such as cases and charging cords to be attached to the rear of the device. Accessories can also be stacked together. The devices support 5G cellular communications. This allows upload speeds of up to 200 Mbit/s and download speeds of up to 4 Gbit/s. However, only models sold in the U.S. support the fastest
mmWave Extremely high frequency (EHF) is the International Telecommunication Union The International Telecommunication Union is a list of specialized agencies of the United Nations, specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for all m ...
technology; those sold elsewhere in the world, including Canada, support only sub-6 GHz frequency bands. A new feature called Smart Data Mode enables 5G only when necessary to preserve battery life.


Displays

The iPhone 12 features a display with Super Retina XDR
OLED An organic light-emitting diode (OLED or organic LED), also known as organic electroluminescent (organic EL) diode, is a light-emitting diode with E27 screw in base, A bulb-shaped modern retrofit LED lamp File:Chip-On-Board CO ...
technology at a resolution of 2532×1170 pixels and a
pixel density Pixels per inch (ppi) and pixels per centimetre (ppcm or pixels/cm) are measurements of the pixel density of an electronic image device, such as a computer monitor A computer monitor is an output device that displays information in pictorial or ...
of about 460 ppi. The iPhone 12 Mini features a display with the same technology at a resolution of 2340×1080 pixels and a pixel density of about 476 ppi. Both phones have a peak brightness of 1200 nits, equivalent to the iPhone 12 Pro. Both phones also use an improved
glass-ceramic Glass-ceramics are polycrystal A crystallite is a small or even microscopic crystal A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents (such as atoms, molecules, or ions) are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic struc ...
covering called Ceramic Shield which is co-developed with
Corning Inc. Corning Incorporated is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational ...
Apple describes it as having "4 times better drop performance" and being "tougher than any smartphone glass".


Batteries

The iPhone 12 has a 10.78 Wh (2,815 mAh) battery, a slight decrease from the 11.91 Wh (3,110 mAh) battery found in the iPhone 11 and identical to the battery found in the
iPhone 12 Pro The iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max are smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic ...
. The iPhone 12 Mini has a 8.57 Wh (2,227 mAh) battery. The battery is not user-replaceable.


Chipsets

Both the iPhone 12 and 12 Mini have the
Apple A14 Bionic The Apple A14 Bionic is a 64-bit In computer architecture, 64-bit Integer (computer science), integers, Memory address, memory addresses, or other Data#Uses%20of%20data%20in%20computing, data units are those that are 64 bits (8 Octet (comput ...
, the first
ARM In human anatomy The human body is the structure of a human being Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most abundant and widespread species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and ...
-based smartphone
system-on-a-chip A system on a chip (SoC; or This article uses the convention that SoC is pronounced . Therefore, it uses the convention "an" for the indefinite article Indefinite may refer to: * the opposite of definite in grammar ** indefinite article ...
(SoC) manufactured on the 5 nm process node. However, unlike previous years, they are not the first Apple devices to receive the newest A-series processor, with the fourth-generation iPad Air being the first. Both phones use
Qualcomm Qualcomm () is an American multinational corporation headquartered in San Diego, California, and Delaware General Corporation Law, incorporated in Delaware. It creates semiconductors, software, and services related to wireless technology. It ow ...

Qualcomm
's X55 5G
modem A modulator-demodulator, or simply a modem, is a hardware device that converts data from a digital format, intended for communication directly between devices with specialized wiring, into one suitable for a transmission medium such as telep ...
.


Cameras

Both phones have two rear 12-megapixel cameras: wide and ultra-wide. The wide camera is a 26mm full-frame equivalent with an f/1.6 aperture which captures 27% more light than the f/1.8 aperture in the iPhone 11 and a seven-element lens. The ultra-wide camera is a 13mm full-frame equivalent with an f/2.4 aperture and a five-element lens. All cameras now support Night Mode for both photo and time-lapse video at full resolution. Smart HDR has been improved thanks to Smart HDR 3. This iPhone model is the first capable of shooting 10-bit
high dynamic range High dynamic range (HDR) is a dynamic range Dynamic range (abbreviated DR, DNR, or DYR) is the ratio In mathematics, a ratio indicates how many times one number contains another. For example, if there are eight oranges and six lemons in a ...
Dolby Vision Dolby Vision is a set of technologies developed by Dolby Laboratories for High-dynamic-range video, high dynamic range (HDR) video. It covers content creation, distribution, and playback. It includes High-dynamic-range video#Dynamic metadata, dyna ...
4K video at up to 30 fps which allows for greater brightness and deeper shadows. The front-facing, TrueDepth camera features a 12-megapixel camera with an f/2.2 aperture. This model also added Night Mode to the front-facing camera. Sensors The iPhone 12 and 12 Mini include mostly the same sensors found on prior iPhone models going back to the
iPhone X The iPhone X (Roman numeral Roman numerals are a that originated in and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the . Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the . Modern style ...

iPhone X
. These include an
accelerometer An accelerometer is a tool that measures proper acceleration In relativity theory, proper acceleration is the physical acceleration (i.e., measurable acceleration as by an accelerometer) experienced by an object. It is thus acceleration relative ...

accelerometer
,
gyroscope A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period (), and the period (). ...

gyroscope
,
barometer A barometer is a scientific instrument that is used to measure air pressure in a certain environment. Pressure tendency can forecast short term changes in the weather. Many measurements of air pressure are used within surface weather analysis to ...

barometer
,
proximity sensor A proximity sensor is a sensor able to detect the presence of nearby objects without any physical contact. A proximity sensor often emits an Electromagnetic field, electromagnetic field or a beam of electromagnetic radiation (infrared, for inst ...

proximity sensor
,
ambient light sensor An ambient light sensor is a component in smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logi ...
, and a digital compass. The devices also includes the
Face ID Face ID is a facial recognition system designed and developed by Apple Inc. for the iPhone and iPad Pro. The system allows Biometrics, biometric authentication for unlocking a device, making Apple Pay, payments, accessing sensitive data, providing ...
sensor for
biometric authentication Biometrics are body measurements and calculations related to human characteristics. Biometrics authentication Authentication (from ''authentikos'', "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης ''authentes'', "author") is the act of proving an ...

biometric authentication
.


Software

Both phones originally shipped with
iOS 14 iOS 14 is the fourteenth major release of the iOS iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system A mobile operating system is an operating system An operating system (OS) is system software System software is software design ...
. The devices come with the stock iOS apps, such as Safari, Weather, and Messages, and they include
Siri Siri ( ) is a virtual assistant remote control In electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. It uses ac ...

Siri
, the personal assistant in iOS.


Reception

The iPhone 12 received positive reviews. ''
The Verge ''The Verge'' is an American technology blog A blog (a truncation In mathematics and computer science, truncation is limiting the number of numerical digit, digits right of the decimal point. Truncation and floor function Truncati ...
'' called it a "beautiful, powerful, and incredibly capable device", praising the new design reminiscent of the
iPhone 5 The iPhone 5 is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the List of iOS devices, 6th generation iPhone, succeeding the iPhone 4S and preceding both the iPhone 5S and iPhone 5C, 5C. It was formally unveiled as part of ...

iPhone 5
, the speed of the A14 Bionic processor, its 5G capabilities, addition of the
OLED An organic light-emitting diode (OLED or organic LED), also known as organic electroluminescent (organic EL) diode, is a light-emitting diode with E27 screw in base, A bulb-shaped modern retrofit LED lamp File:Chip-On-Board CO ...
display like on the high end iPhones, combined with much slimmer bezels than previous iPhone models and improved battery life over iPhone 11. ''
Engadget ''Engadget'' is a multilingual technology blog A blog (a truncation In mathematics and computer science, truncation is limiting the number of numerical digit, digits right of the decimal point. Truncation and floor function Truncati ...
'' also gave the iPhone 12 a positive review, praising the wireless charging and accessories magnetic attachment as well as the redesigned camera system, a greatly improved display like in its Pro counterparts. iPhone 12 is the third best-selling and the most popular model globally in Q2 2021. Apple was criticized for the continued reliance on
Face ID Face ID is a facial recognition system designed and developed by Apple Inc. for the iPhone and iPad Pro. The system allows Biometrics, biometric authentication for unlocking a device, making Apple Pay, payments, accessing sensitive data, providing ...
as the sole
biometric Biometrics are body measurements and calculations related to human characteristics. Biometrics authentication Authentication (from ''authentikos'', "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης ''authentes'', "author") is the act of proving an ...

biometric
option to unlock the device, which is incompatible with . The second-generation iPhone SE is the only iPhone currently produced by Apple that supports
Touch ID Touch ID is an electronic fingerprint recognition feature designed and released by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multipl ...
, an alternative unlocking option that is compatible with face masks. All models can still use a passcode to log in. The iPhone 12 mini has received more mixed reviews. Some praised the phone for being a new small phone, while others criticized the price and inferior battery life compared to the full-size 12 (although the battery life of the iPhone 12 mini is longer than that of the second-generation iPhone SE).


"OLED-gate"

Within two weeks after its public release, a thread was started at Apple Support Communities describing a problem with the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro OLED panel black pixels not shutting off completely in black scenes, resulting in what was described as "ugly glowing". A considerable number of users have since posted replies reporting the same problem, photos and videos have been shared online demonstrating the issue. As of January 2021, Apple has not yet made an official statement.


EarPods and power adapter controversy

Apple, claiming an environmental initiative, has removed the EarPods and power adapter from all new iPhone boxes, including the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro. It is claimed that removing these items would reduce e-waste and permit a smaller iPhone box, allowing more devices to be transported simultaneously to decrease
carbon footprint A carbon footprint is the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an individual, event, organization, service, place or product, expressed as carbon dioxide equivalent Global warming potential (GWP) is the heat absorbed by any greenhou ...

carbon footprint
. Apple now includes a USB-C to Lightning cable, incompatible with the existing USB-A power adapters that Apple previously supplied with its devices. Users can still use their existing USB-A power adapters and cables, but must purchase a USB-C power adapter sold separately to enable Qi fast charging. In December 2020, a Brazilian consumer rights watchdog Procon-SP Foundation requested Apple to provide proof that not including chargers is beneficial to the environment. The watchdog argues that Apple removing the charger is anti-consumer and wants to force the company to include one as it claims the charger is an essential component. Apple also went into controversy after people found out that Apple removed the charger to save costs, not saving the environment.


Repairability concerns

iFixit iFixit is an American e-commerce E-commerce (electronic commerce) is the activity of electronically The field of electronics is a branch of physics and electrical engineering that deals with the emission, behaviour and effects of electron ...
and Australian YouTuber Hugh Jeffreys discovered that a number of key components such as the cameras would malfunction or display warnings if they are replaced with new ones or those taken from an otherwise identical donor unit. Internal Apple documents also mention that, beginning with the iPhone 12 and in subsequent models, authorized technicians would have to run the phones through an internal System Configuration tool to reprogram repaired units in order to account for hardware changes. While Apple has yet to comment on the issue, the inability to replace key system components have raised concerns about right to repair and
planned obsolescence In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption (economics), consumption of good ...
. However, the iPhone 12 Mini does not have this issue. Apple later addressed the issue with the release of iOS 14.4, which displays a warning message if the phone detects an unpaired camera module but otherwise allows for full functionality.


See also

*
Comparison of smartphones This is a comparison of the various internal components and features of many smartphone A smartphone is a portable device A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry ...
* History of the iPhone *
List of iOS devices This is a list and comparison of devices designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries ...
*


Notes


References


External links

* – official site {{Apple Inc. hardware * IOS Mobile phones introduced in 2020 Mobile phones with 4K video recording Mobile phones with multiple rear cameras