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In
film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, ...

film
and
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...
, drama is a category of
narrative A narrative, story or tale is any account of a series of related events or experiences, whether nonfiction Nonfiction (also spelled non-fiction) is any document A document is a written Writing is a medium of human communication Comm ...

narrative
fiction Fiction is any creative work A creative work is a manifestation of creativity, creative effort including Work of art, fine artwork (sculpture, paintings, drawing, Sketch (drawing), sketching, performance art), dance, writing (literature), filmm ...

fiction
(or semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than
humorous Humour (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English) or humor (American English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, -or, see spelling differences) is the tendency of experiences to provoke laughter and pro ...
in tone. Drama of this kind is usually qualified with additional terms that specify its particular super-genre, macro-genre, or micro-genre, such as
soap opera A soap opera or ''soap'' for short is a radio or television serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of works in sequential segments * Serial (literature), serialised fiction in print * Serial (publishing), p ...
(operatic drama), police crime drama,
political dramaA political drama can describe a play, film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere t ...
,
legal drama A legal drama, or a courtroom drama, is a genre of film and television that generally focuses on narratives regarding legal practice Legal practice is sometimes used to distinguish the body of judicial or administrative precedent A precedent i ...
,
historical drama A historical drama (also period drama, costume drama, and period piece) is a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context of film and television. Historical drama includes historical fiction #REDIRECT historical fiction#REDIRECT his ...
,
domestic drama Domestic drama expresses and focuses on the realistic everyday lives of middle or lower classes in a certain society, generally referring to the post-Renaissance The Renaissance ( , ) , from , with the same meanings. was a period in Europe ...
,
teen drama In film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through the use of moving images. These ...
, and
comedy-drama Comedy music, Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. In the United States Example include ''The Days and Nights of Molly Dodd'', which aired from 1987 to ...
(dramedy). These terms tend to indicate a particular
setting Setting may refer to: * A location (geography) where something is set * Set construction in theatrical scenery * Setting (narrative), the place and time in a work of narrative, especially fiction * Setting up to fail a manipulative technique to engi ...
or subject-matter, or else they qualify the otherwise serious tone of a drama with elements that encourage a broader range of moods. To these ends, a primary element in a drama is the occurrence of
conflict Conflict may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * ''Conflict'' (1936 film), an American boxing film starring John Wayne * ''Conflict'' (1938 film), a French drama film directed by Léonide Moguy * ''Conflict'' (1945 film), ...
- emotional, social, or otherwise - and its resolution in the course of the storyline. All forms of
cinema Cinema may refer to: Film * Cinematography Cinematography (from ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It ...
or
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...

television
that involve are forms of if their storytelling is achieved by means of
actor An actor is a person who portrays a character Character(s) may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''Character'' (novel), a 1936 Dutch novel by Ferdinand Bordewijk * ''Characters'' (Theophrastus), a classical Greek set ...

actor
s who
represent Represent may refer to: * Represent (Compton's Most Wanted album), ''Represent'' (Compton's Most Wanted album) or the title song, 2000 * Represent (Fat Joe album), ''Represent'' (Fat Joe album), 1993 * ''Represent'', an album by DJ Magic Mike, 1994 ...
(''
mimesis Mimesis (; grc, μίμησις, ''mīmēsis'') is a term used in literary criticism Literary criticism (or literary studies) is the study, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. Modern literary criticism is often influenced by li ...

mimesis
'')
characters Character(s) may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * Character (novel), ''Character'' (novel), a 1936 Dutch novel by Ferdinand Bordewijk * Characters (Theophrastus), ''Characters'' (Theophrastus), a classical Greek set of char ...
. In this broader sense, drama is a
mode Mode ( la, modus meaning "manner, tune, measure, due measure, rhythm, melody") may refer to: Language * Grammatical mode or grammatical mood, a category of verbal inflections that expresses an attitude of mind ** Imperative mood ** Subjunctive mo ...
distinct from
novel A novel is a relatively long work of narrative A narrative, story or tale is any account of a series of related events or experiences, whether nonfiction Nonfiction (also spelled non-fiction) is any document A document is a written ...

novel
s,
short stories A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a single effect or mood. The short story is one of the oldest ty ...
, and narrative
poetry Poetry (derived from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its popula ...

poetry
or
song A song is a musical composition Musical composition can refer to an piece or work of , either or , the of a musical piece or to the process of creating or writing a new piece of music. People who create new compositions are called s ...

song
s.Elam (1980, 98). In the modern era before the birth of cinema or television, "drama" within
theatre Theatre or theater is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actor, actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage. The p ...

theatre
was a type of
play Play most commonly refers to: * Play (activity), an activity done for enjoyment * Play (theatre), a work of drama Play may refer also to: Computers and technology * Google Play, a digital content service * Play Framework, a Java framework * Play ...
that was neither a
comedy Comedy (from the el, κωμῳδία, ''kōmōdía'') is a genre of fiction that consists of discourses or works intended to be humor Humour (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic la ...
nor a
tragedy Tragedy (from the grc-gre, τραγῳδία, ''tragōidia'', ''tragōidia'') is a genre of drama Drama is the specific Mode (literature), mode of fiction Mimesis, represented in performance: a Play (theatre), play, opera, mime, ball ...

tragedy
. It is this narrower sense that the film and television industries, along with
film studies Film studies is an academic discipline that deals with various theoretical A theory is a rational Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason Reason is the capacity of conscio ...
, adopted. "
Radio drama Radio drama (or audio drama, audio play, radio play, radio theatre, or audio theatre) is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance A performance is an act of staging or presenting a play, concert, or other form of entertainment. It is also d ...
" has been used in both senses—originally transmitted in a live performance, it has also been used to describe the more high-brow and serious end of the dramatic output of
radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They are generated by an electronic device ...

radio
.


Types of drama in film and television

The Screenwriters Taxonomy contends that film genres are fundamentally based upon a film’s atmosphere, character and story, and therefore the labels “drama” and “comedy” are too broad to be considered a genre.  Instead, the taxonomy contends that film dramas are a “Type” of film; listing at least ten different sub-types of film and television drama.


Docudrama

Dramatized adaptation of real-life events. While not always completely accurate, the general facts are more-or-less true. The difference between a docudrama and a documentary is that in a documentary it uses real people to describe history or current events; in a docudrama it uses professionally trained actors to play the roles in the current event, that is "dramatized" a bit. Examples: ''
Black Mass A Black Mass is a ceremony typically celebrated by various satanic groups. It has existed for centuries in different forms and is directly based on a Catholic Mass. However, a Black Mass takes the Catholic Mass and inverts it, intentionally mock ...
'' (2015) and ''
Zodiac The zodiac is a belt-shaped region of the sky that extends approximately 8° north or south (as measured in celestial latitude) of the ecliptic The ecliptic is the plane (geometry), plane of Earth's orbit around the Sun. From the perspecti ...
'' (2007).


Docufiction

Different from docudramas, docu-fictional films combine documentary and fiction, where actual footage or real events are intermingled with recreated scenes. Examples: '' Interior. Leather Bar'' (2013) and '' Your Name Here'' (2015).


Comedy-drama

A serious story that contains some characters or scenes inherently humorous to the audience.  Examples: ''
The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel ''The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel'' is a 2011 British Indian English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become ...
'' (2011), ''
The Man Without a Past ''The Man Without a Past'' ( fi, Mies vailla menneisyyttä) is a 2002 Finnish Comedy-drama, comedy-drama film produced, written, and directed by Aki Kaurismäki. Starring Markku Peltola, Kati Outinen and Juhani Niemelä, it is the second installme ...
'' (2002), ''
Silver Linings Playbook ''Silver Linings Playbook'' is a 2012 American romantic comedy-drama Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. History The advent of radio drama, film, ci ...
'' (2012), '' Three Colours: White'' (1994) and ''
The Truman Show ''The Truman Show'' is a 1998 American psychological Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousness, conscious and Unconscious mind, unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It ...

The Truman Show
'' (1998).


Hyperdrama

Coined by film professor Ken Dancyger, these stories exaggerate characters and situations to the point of becoming fable, legend or fairy tale.  Examples: '' Fantastic Mr. Fox'' (2009) and ''
Maleficent Maleficent ( or ) is a fictional character who appears in Walt Disney Animation Studios, Walt Disney Productions' 16th animated feature film, ''Sleeping Beauty (1959 film), Sleeping Beauty'' (1959). She is an evil fairy and the self-proclaimed "D ...
'' (2014).


Light drama

Light-hearted stories that are, nevertheless, serious in nature. Examples: ''
The Help ''The Help'' is a historical fiction novel by American author Kathryn Stockett and published by Penguin Books in 2009. The story is about African Americans working in white households in Jackson, Mississippi during the early 1960s. A ''USA Toda ...
'' (2011) and ''
The Terminal ''The Terminal'' is a 2004 American comedy-drama film produced and directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Tom Hanks, Catherine Zeta-Jones, and Stanley Tucci. The film is about an Eastern European man who is stuck in John F. Kennedy Internationa ...

The Terminal
'' (2004).


Psychological drama

Drama deals on the characters' inner life and psychological problems. Examples: ''
Requiem for a Dream ''Requiem for a Dream'' is a 2000 American psychological drama In literature, psychological fiction (also psychological realism) is a narrative genre that emphasizes interior characterization Characterization or characterisation is the repres ...
'' (2000), ''
OldboyOld boy or Oldboy or Old Boys may refer to: * Old Boys, male former pupils of schools in Britain, some schools in Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, Trinidad and Tobago ** Old boy network, social and business connections among former pupils of t ...
'' (2003), ''
Anomalisa ''Anomalisa'' is a 2015 American stop-motion psychological Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousness, conscious and Unconscious mind, unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thou ...
'' (2005), '' Babel'' (2006), and ''
Whiplash Whiplash may refer to: * The long flexible part of a whip * Whiplash (medicine), a neck injury ** Whiplash Injury Protection System (WHIPS), in automobiles Film and television * Whiplash (1948 film), ''Whiplash'' (1948 film), a US film noir * ''Wh ...
'' (2014).


Satire

Satire can involve humor, but the result is typically sharp social commentary that is anything but funny. Satire often uses irony or exaggeration to expose faults in society or individuals that influence social ideology. Examples: ''
Idiocracy ''Idiocracy'' is a 2006 American science fiction comedy film directed by Mike Judge and co-written by Judge and Etan Cohen. Starring Luke Wilson, Maya Rudolph, and Dax Shepard, it follows an American soldier who takes part in a classified h ...
'' (2006) and '' Thank You for Smoking'' (2005).


Straight drama

Straight Drama applies to those that do not attempt a specific approach to drama but, rather, consider drama as a lack of comedic techniques. Examples: '' Ghost World'' (2001) and ''
Wuthering Heights ''Wuthering Heights'' is an 1847 novel by Emily Brontë Emily Jane Brontë (, commonly ; 30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848) was an English novelist and poet who is best known for her only novel, '' Wuthering Heights'', now considered a class ...
'' (2011).


Type/genre combinations

According to the Screenwriters Taxonomy, all film descriptions should contain their type (comedy or drama) combined with one (or more) of the eleven super-genres. This combination does not create a separate genre, but rather, provides a better understanding of the film. According to the taxonomy, combining the type with the genre does not create a separate genre.  For instance, the “Horror Drama” is simply a dramatic horror film (as opposed to a comedic horror film).  “Horror Drama” is not a genre separate from the horror genre or the drama type.


Action drama 

Action dramas tend to be visceral, not intellectual, with dynamic fight scenes, extensive chase scenes, and heart-racing stunts. The hero is nearly always sharp-witted, quick on their feet, and able to improvise mentally and physically. The hero begins the film with an internal problem, quickly followed by an external problem. By story’s end, the hero resolves both problems. Examples of action dramas include ''
Die Hard ''Die Hard'' is a 1988 American action film directed by John McTiernan and written by Jeb Stuart (writer), Jeb Stuart and Steven E. de Souza. It stars Bruce Willis, Alan Rickman, Alexander Godunov, and Bonnie Bedelia. Based on the 1979 novel ...
'' (1988) and the ''
Mad Max ''Mad Max'' is an Australian post-apocalyptic up Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond poster calls up the pictorial image of a bombed New York City">Liberty_bond.html" ;"title="Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond">Josep ...
'' series.


Crime drama

Crime dramas explore themes of truth, justice, and freedom, and contain the fundamental dichotomy of "criminal vs. lawman". Crime films make the audience jump through a series of mental "hoops"; it is not uncommon for the crime drama to use verbal gymnastics to keep the audience and the protagonist on their toes. Examples of crime dramas include: ''
The Big Short ''The Big Short: Inside the Doomsday Machine'' is a non-fiction book by Michael Lewis about the build-up of the United States housing bubble The United States housing bubble was a real estate bubble affecting over half of the U.S. states. ...
'' (2015), ''
The Godfather ''The Godfather'' is a 1972 American Epic film, epic crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola, who co-wrote the screenplay with Mario Puzo, based on Puzo's best-selling 1969 The Godfather (novel), novel of the same name. The film stars Marl ...

The Godfather
'' (1972), and ''
The Usual Suspects ''The Usual Suspects'' is a 1995 neo-noir mystery film, mystery Thriller film, thriller film directed by Bryan Singer and written by Christopher McQuarrie. It stars Stephen Baldwin, Gabriel Byrne, Benicio del Toro, Kevin Pollak, Chazz Palminte ...
'' (1995).


Drama thriller

In a drama thriller, the protagonist is often an unwitting hero reluctantly drawn into the story and must do battle with an epic villain to save the lives of innocent victims; the hero inevitably finds himself deeply involved in a situation involving insane criminals with a very dark past, who will threaten, double-cross, and kill anyone who stands in their way. According to screenwriter and scholar Eric R. Williams: Films such as ''
Black Swan The black swan (''Cygnus atratus'') is a large waterbird, a species of swan which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest regions of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign co ...
'' (2010), '' Se7en'' (1995), '' Shutter Island'' (2010), and ''
Zodiac The zodiac is a belt-shaped region of the sky that extends approximately 8° north or south (as measured in celestial latitude) of the ecliptic The ecliptic is the plane (geometry), plane of Earth's orbit around the Sun. From the perspecti ...
'' (2007) are thriller dramas.


Fantasy drama 

According to Eric R. Williams, the hallmark of fantasy drama films is "a sense of wonderment, typically played out in a visually intense world inhabited by mythic creatures, magic and/or superhuman characters. Props and costumes within these films often belie a sense of mythology and folklore – whether ancient, futuristic, or other-worldly. The costumes, as well as the exotic world, reflect the personal, inner struggles that the hero faces in the story." Examples of fantasy dramas include: ''
Life of Pi ''Life of Pi'' is a Canadian philosophical novel Philosophical fiction refers to the class of works of fiction Fiction generally is a narrative form, in any media (communication), medium, consisting of people, events, or places that are ima ...
'' (2012), ''
Lord of the Rings ''The Lord of the Rings'' is an epic Epic commonly refers to: * Epic poetry, a long narrative poem celebrating heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation * Epic film, a genre of film with heroic elements Epic or EPIC may al ...
'' (2001-2003), '' Pan’s Labyrinth'' (2006), and ''
Where the Wild Things Are ''Where the Wild Things Are'' is a 1963 children's picture book by American writer and illustrator Maurice Sendak, originally published by Harper & Row. The book has been adapted into other media several times, including an animated short in ...
'' (2009).


Horror drama 

Horror dramas often involves the central characters isolated from the rest of society. These characters are often teenagers or people in their early twenties (the genre’s central audience) and are eventually killed off during the course of the film. Thematically, horror films often serve as a morality tale, with the killer serving up violent penance for the victims’ past sins. Metaphorically, these become battles of Good vs. Evil or Purity vs. Sin. ''
The Conjuring ''The Conjuring'' is a 2013 American supernatural horror film directed by James Wan and written by Chad Hayes and Carey W. Hayes. It is the inaugural film in the Conjuring Universe franchise. Patrick Wilson and Vera Farmiga star as Ed an ...

The Conjuring
'' (2013), '' Psycho'' (1960), ''
Halloween Halloween or Hallowe'en (a contraction of "All Hallows' evening"), less commonly known as Allhalloween, All Hallows' Eve, or All Saints' Eve, is a celebration observed in many countries on 31 October, the eve of the Western Christian 250p ...
'' (1978), and ''
Friday the 13th Friday the 13th is considered an unlucky day in Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junction, Tasmani ...
'' (1980) are examples of horror drama films.


Life drama (day-in-the-life)

Day-in-the-life films takes small events in a person’s life and raises their level of importance. The “small things in life” feel as important to the protagonist (and the audience) as the climactic battle in an action film, or the final shootout in a western. Often, the protagonists deal with multiple, overlapping issues in the course of the film – just as we do in life. Films of this type/genre combination include: ''
12 Years a Slave ''Twelve Years a Slave'' is an 1853 memoir A memoir (; from French: ''mémoire'': ''memoria'', meaning ''memory'' or ''reminiscence'') is any nonfiction narrative A narrative, story or tale is any account of a series of related events or ex ...
'' (2013), ''
Dallas Buyers Club ''Dallas Buyers Club'' is a 2013 American biographical drama film In film and television show, television, drama is a category of narrative fiction (or docudrama, semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than humour, humorous in tone. Dra ...

Dallas Buyers Club
'' (2013), ''
Moonlight Moonlight consists of mostly (with little ) reflected from the parts of the surface where the light strikes. Illumination The intensity of moonlight varies greatly depending on the , but even the typically provides only about 0.05–0.1&nbs ...
'' (2016), and '' The Wrestler'' (2008).


Romantic drama

Romantic dramas are films with central themes that reinforce our beliefs about love (e.g.: themes such as “love at first sight”, “love conquers all”, or “there is someone out there for everyone”); the story typically revolves around characters falling into (and out of, and back into) love. '' 
Annie Hall ''Annie Hall'' is a 1977 American romantic comedy Romantic comedy (also known as romcom or rom-com) is a subgenre of comedy and slice-of-life fiction, focusing on lighthearted, humorous plot lines centered on romantic ideas, such as how tru ...
'' (1977), '' Carol'' (2015), '' Her'' (2013)'',
La La Land ''La La Land'' is a 2016 American musical Musical is the adjective of music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal cultural aspects of all ...

La La Land
'' (2016) and ''
The Notebook ''The Notebook'' is a 2004 American romantic drama Romance films or romance movies are romantic love stories recorded in visual media for broadcast in theaters and on television, TV that focus on passion (emotion), passion, emotion, and the a ...
'' (2004) are examples of romance dramas.


Science fiction drama

The science fiction drama film is often the story of a protagonist (and her allies) facing something “unknown” that has with the potential to change the future of humanity; this unknown may be represented by a villain with incomprehensible powers, a creature we do not understand, or a scientific scenario that threatens to change the world; the science fiction story forces the audience to consider the nature of human beings, the confines of time or space, and/or the concepts of human existence in general.  Examples include: ''
Blade Runner ''Blade Runner'' is a 1982 science fiction film Science fiction (or sci-fi) is a film genre A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate idea ...

Blade Runner
'' (1982), ''
Children of Men ''Children of Men'' is a 2006 science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science an ...
'' (2006), '' A Clockwork Orange'' (1971), ''
Planet of the Apes ''Planet of the Apes'' is an American science fiction media franchise consisting of films, books, television series, comics, and other media about a world in which humans and intelligent apes clash for control. The franchise is based on Frenc ...
'' (1968), and ''
Ready Player One ''Ready Player One'' is a 2011 science fiction novel, and the debut novel of American author Ernest Cline. The story, set in a dystopia in 2045, follows protagonist Wade Watts on his search for an Easter egg (media), Easter egg in a worldwide ...
'' (2018).


Sports drama

Obviously, in the sports super-genre, characters will be playing sports. Thematically, the story is often one of “Our Team” versus “Their Team”; their team will always try to win, and our team will show the world that they deserve recognition or redemption; the story does not always have to involve a team.  The story could also be about an individual athlete or the story could focus on an individual playing on a team. Examples of this genre/type include: '' Hoosiers'' (1986), '' The Hustler'' (1961), ''
Moneyball ''Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game'' is a book by Michael Lewis, published in 2003, about the Oakland Athletics The Oakland Athletics, often referred to as the A's, are an American professional baseball Baseball is a ...
'' (2011), and ''
Remember the Titans ''Remember the Titans'' is a 2000 American biographical A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person ...
'' (2000).


War drama

War films typically tells the story of a small group of isolated individuals who – one by one – get killed (literally or metaphorically) by an outside force until there is a final fight to the death; the idea of the protagonists facing death is a central expectation in a war film. In a war film even though the enemy may out-number, or out-power, the hero, we assume that the enemy ''can'' be defeated if only the hero can figure out how.  Examples include: ''
1944 Events Below, the events of World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a that lasted from 1939 to 1945. It involved —including all of the great powers—forming two opposing s: ...
'' (2015), ''
Apocalypse Now ''Apocalypse Now'' is a 1979 American epic psychological Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousness, conscious and Unconscious mind, unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thoug ...
'' (1979), ''
Hacksaw Ridge ''Hacksaw Ridge'' is a 2016 biographical film, biographical war film directed by Mel Gibson and written by Andrew Knight (writer), Andrew Knight and Robert Schenkkan, based on the 2004 documentary ''The Conscientious Objector''. The film focuses o ...
'' (2016), ''
The Hurt Locker ''The Hurt Locker'' is a 2008 American war film, war thriller film directed by Kathryn Bigelow and written by Mark Boal. It stars Jeremy Renner, Anthony Mackie, Brian Geraghty, Christian Camargo, Ralph Fiennes, David Morse (actor), David Morse, a ...
'' (2008), ''
Life is Beautiful ''Life Is Beautiful'' ( it, La vita è bella, ) is a 1997 Italian comedy-drama Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. History The advent of radio drama ...
'' (1997), and '' Wildeye'' (2015).


Western drama 

Films in the western (genre), western super-genre often take place in the American Southwest or Mexico, with a large number of scenes occurring outdoors so we can soak in scenic landscapes. Visceral expectations for the audience include fistfights, gunplay, and chase scenes. There is also the expectation of spectacular panoramic images of the countryside including sunsets, wide open landscape and endless deserts and sky. Examples of western dramas include: ''Django Unchained'' (2012), ''Hell or High Water (film), Hell or High Water'' (2016), ''
Mad Max ''Mad Max'' is an Australian post-apocalyptic up Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond poster calls up the pictorial image of a bombed New York City">Liberty_bond.html" ;"title="Joseph Pennell's 1918 prophetic Liberty bond">Josep ...
'' (1979), ''No Country for Old Men (film), No Country for Old Men'' (2007), and ''Unforgiven'' (1992).


Misidentified categories

Some film categories that use the word “comedy” or “drama” are not recognized by the Screenwriters Taxonomy as either a film genre or a film type. For instance, “Melodrama” and “Screwball Comedy” are considered Pathways, while “Romantic Comedy” and “Family Drama” are macro-genres. '' ''


Family drama

A macro-genre in the Screenwriters Taxonomy. These films tell where many of the central characters are related. The story revolves around how the family as a whole reacts to a central challenge. There are four micro-genres for the Family Drama: ''Family Bond, Family Feud, Family Loss,'' and ''Family Rift.''


Melodrama

A sub-type of drama films that uses plots that appeal to the heightened emotions of the audience. Melodramatic plots often deal with "crises of human emotion, failed romance or friendship, strained familial situations, tragedy, illness, neuroses, or emotional and physical hardship". Film critics sometimes use the term "pejoratively to connote an unrealistic, pathos-filled, Camp (style), camp tale of romance or domestic situations with stereotypical characters (often including a central female character) that would directly appeal to feminine audiences". Also called "women's movies", "weepies", tearjerkers, or "chick flicks". If they are targeted to a male audience, then they are called "guy cry" films. Often considered "soap-opera" drama.


Crime drama / police procedural / legal drama

Character development based on themes involving criminals, law enforcement and the legal system.


Historical drama

Films that focus on dramatic events in history.


Medical drama

Focuses on doctors, nurses, hospital staff, and ambulance saving victims and the interactions of their daily lives.


Teen drama

Focuses on teenage characters, especially where a secondary school setting plays a role.


See also

*List of drama films *Bourgeois tragedy *Domestic tragedy *Dramatic structure *Soap opera *Tragicomedy


References


Sources

* Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. ''The Cambridge Guide to Theatre.'' Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. . * Cook, Pam, and Mieke Bernink, eds. 1999. ''The Cinema Book.'' 2nd ed. London: British Film Institute. . * Elam, Keir. 1980. ''The Semiotics of Theatre and Drama''. New Accents ser. London and New York: Methuen. . * Hayward, Susan. 1996. ''Key Concepts in Cinema Studies.'' Key Concepts ser. London: Routledge. . * Neale, Steve. 2000. ''Genre and Hollywood.'' London: Routledge. . *Sheehan, Helena. 1987. ''Irish Television Drama: A Society and Its Stories'' *Williams, Eric R. (2017) The Screenwriters Taxonomy: A Roadmap to Creative Storytelling. New York, NY: Routledge Press, Studies in Media Theory and Practice. . {{DEFAULTSORT:Drama Drama films, Drama television series, Film genres Television genres