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Centre-left politics (
British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is a language variety that has undergone substantial codification of grammar and usage and is employed by a populatio ...
) or center-left politics (
American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, American English is the most influential form of ...
), also referred to as moderate-left politics, are political views that lean to the
left-wing Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism Egalitarianism (), or equalitarianism, is a school of thought within political philosophy that builds from the concept of social equality, prioritizing it for all people. ...
on the
left–right political spectrum The left–right political spectrum is a system of classifying political positions characteristic of left-right politics, ideologies An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, ...
, but closer to the
centre Center or centre may refer to: Mathematics *Center (geometry) In geometry, a centre (or center) (from Ancient Greek language, Greek ''κέντρον'') of an object is a point in some sense in the middle of the object. According to the speci ...
than other left-wing politics. Those on the centre-left believe in working within the established systems to improve
social justice Social justice is justice in terms of the distribution of wealth Wealth is the abundance of Value (economics), valuable financial assets or property, physical possessions which can be converted into a form that can be used for financial tran ...
. The centre-left promotes a degree of social equality that it believes is achievable through promoting
equal opportunity Equal opportunity is a state of fairness in which individuals are treated similarly, unhampered by artificial barriers or prejudices Prejudice can be an affective feeling towards a person based on their perceived group membership. The word is ...
.Oliver H. Woshinsky. ''Explaining Politics: Culture, Institutions, and Political Behavior''. New York: Routledge, 2008, pp. 143. The centre-left emphasizes that the achievement of equality requires personal responsibility in areas in control by the individual person through their abilities and talents as well as social responsibility in areas outside control by the person in their abilities or talents. The centre-left opposes a wide gap between the rich and the poor and supports moderate measures to reduce the economic gap, such as a
progressive income tax Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform. Based on the idea of progress in which advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization ...
, laws prohibiting
child labour Child labour refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and is mentally, physically, socially and morally harmful. Such ex ...

child labour
,
minimum wage A minimum wage is the lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their employees—the price floor below which employees may not sell their labor. Most List of minimum wages by country, countries had introduced minimum wage legislation b ...
laws, laws regulating working conditions, limits on working hours and laws to ensure the workers' right to organize. The centre-left typically claims that complete
equality of outcome Equality of outcome, equality of condition, or equality of results is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social ...
is not possible, but instead that equal opportunity improves a degree of equality of outcome in society. In
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continents. Ordered ...

Europe
, the centre-left includes
social democratsSocial Democrats is a name used by a number of political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about ...
,
progressives Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform. Based on the idea of progress in which advancements in science, technology, economic development and social organization are vital to the improvement of the human condition, ...
,
greens Greens may refer to: *Leaf vegetable Leaf vegetables, also called leafy greens, salad greens, pot herbs, vegetable greens, or simply greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. Althou ...
and the
Christian left The Christian left is a range of center-left and left-wing Christianity and politics, Christian political and List of Christian movements, social movements that largely embrace social justice principles and uphold a Catholic social teaching, soc ...
. Some variants of
liberalism Liberalism is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between individuals, ...

liberalism
, especially
social liberalism Social liberalism (german: Sozialliberalismus, es, socioliberalismo) also known as New liberalism in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain ...
, are described as centre-left, but many social liberals are in the centre of the
political spectrum A political spectrum is a system to characterize and classify different in relation to one another. These positions sit upon one or more that represent independent political dimensions. The expressions political compass and political map are ...

political spectrum
as well. In the
Americas The Americas (also collectively called America) is a landmass comprising the totality of North North is one of the four compass points or cardinal directions. It is the opposite of south and is perpendicular to East and West. ''North'' ...

Americas
, in relation to
economic policy The economic policy of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly ...
, the center-left also includes economic progressive forms of
Christian democracy Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well as neo-Calvinism. It was conceived as a combination of modern Democracy, democratic ideas and Christian ...
, some of which may be politically syncretic mixing in the
social conservatism Social conservatism is a political philosophy Political philosophy is the philosophical study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of public agents and institutions and the relationships between them. ...
of the
center-right Centre-right politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval ...
.


Positions

The main ideologies of the centre-left are
social democracy Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between indivi ...
(moderate forms),
social liberalism Social liberalism (german: Sozialliberalismus, es, socioliberalismo) also known as New liberalism in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain ...
(sometimes, when paired with other ideologies; can also be considered
centrist Centrism is a political outlook or position that involves acceptance and/or support of a balance of social equality and a degree of social hierarchy, while opposing political changes which would result in a significant shift of society strong ...
),
progressivism Progressivism is a political philosophy Political philosophy or political theory is the philosophical Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, existence, knowledge ...
and green politics (also can take place under a
red–green alliance In politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the Cognition, cognitive process resulting i ...
when cooperating with other parties on the left). Throughout the world, centre-left groups generally support: * A
mixed economy A mixed economy is variously defined as an economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system of Production (economics), production, allocation of resources, resource allocation and Distribution (economics), distribution of go ...
consisting of both publicly owned or subsidized programmes of education, universal health care, child care and related social services for all citizens. * A system of
social security Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
, with the stated goal of counteracting the effects of poverty and insuring the general public against loss of income following illness, unemployment or retirement (national Insurance contributions) * Government bodies that regulate
private enterprise A privately held company or private company is a company which does not offer or trade its company stock In finance, stock (also capital stock) consists of all of the shares In financial markets A financial market is a market in which ...
in the interests of workers and consumers by ensuring labor rights (e.g. supporting worker access to
trade unions A trade union (or a labor union in American English), often simply referred to as a union, is an organization of workers who have come together to achieve common goals, such as protecting the integrity of their trade, improving safety standards ...
, workers participation,
consumer protection Consumer protection is the practice of safeguarding buyers of goods and services, and the public, against unfair practices in the . Consumer protection measures are often established by law. Such laws are intended to prevent businesses from eng ...
s and fair market competition). * A system of
progressive taxation Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform Political organizations * Congressional Progressive Caucus, members within the Democratic Party in the United States Congress dedicated to ...
that includes
tax breaks Tax break also known as tax preferences, tax concession, and tax relief Tax exemption is the reduction or removal of a liability to make a compulsory payment that would otherwise be imposed by a ruling power upon persons, property, income, or trans ...
and
subsidies A subsidy or government incentive is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy. Although commonly extended from the government, the term ...
for those under poverty extended from government. * A
value-added tax A value-added tax (VAT), known in some countries as a goods and services tax (GST), is a type of tax A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity In law, a legal ...
(or occasionally a
wealth tax A wealth tax (also called a capital tax or equity tax) is a tax on an entity's holdings of assets. This includes the total value of personal assets, including cash, bank deposits, real estate, assets in insurance and pension plans, ownershi ...
) to fund government expenditures. * Government investments and spending, for example in
public works Public works are a broad category of projects, financed and constructed by the , for recreational, employment, and health and safety uses in the greater . They include public buildings (, s, s), (s, s, s, , s, s, s), (s, s, es), public servi ...

public works
, and
Keynesian economics Keynesian economics ( ; sometimes Keynesianism, named after British economist John Maynard Keynes) are the various macroeconomics, macroeconomic theories and Economic model, models of how aggregate demand (total spending in the economy) strongl ...
. The term may be used to imply positions on the
environment Environment most often refers to: __NOTOC__ * Natural environment, all living and non-living things occurring naturally * Biophysical environment, the physical and biological factors along with their chemical interactions that affect an organism or ...
, religion, public morality, etc., but these are usually not the defining characteristics, since centre-right parties may sometimes take similar positions on these issues. A centre-left party may or may not be more concerned with reducing industrial emissions than a centre-right party if not explicitly adhering to a green ideology.


History

The term "centre-left" appeared during the French "
July Monarchy The July Monarchy (french: Monarchie de juillet, officially the Kingdom of France, french: Royaume de France) was a liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberal ...
" in 1830s, a political-historical phase during the
Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France; frm, Royaulme de France; french: link=yes, Royaume de France) is the historiographical name or Hyponymy and hypernymy, umbrella term given to various political entities of France in the Middle Ages ...
when the
House of Orléans The 4th House of Orléans (french: Maison d'Orléans), sometimes called the House of Bourbon-Orléans (french: link=no, Maison de Bourbon-Orléans) to distinguish it, is the fourth holder of a surname previously used by several branches of the Hou ...
reigned under an almost
parliamentary system A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy Democracy ( gr, δημοκρατία, ''dēmokratiā'', from ''dēmos'' 'people' an ...
. During this period, the centre-left mainly showed moderate left (classical)
liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adherent of a Liberal Party Arts, entertainment and media *''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published betw ...
tendencies. The centre-left was distinct from the
left Left may refer to: Music * ''Left'' (Hope of the States album), 2006 * ''Left'' (Monkey House album), 2016 * ''Left'' (Sharlok Poems album) Direction * Left (direction), the relative direction opposite of right * Left-handedness Politics * ...
, composed of republicans, as well as the
centre-right Centre-right politics (British English) or center-right politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-right politics, lean to the Right-wing politics, right of the Left–right politics, political spectrum, but are closer to the Centr ...
, composed of the Third Party and the
conservative-liberal Conservative liberalism or right-liberalism is a variant of liberalism, combining liberal values and policies with Conservatism, conservative stances, or simply representing the right wing of the liberal movement.Michael Gallagher (academic), M. ...
Doctrinaires The Doctrinals (french: doctrinaires) was the name given during the Bourbon Restoration (1814–1830) and the July Monarchy The July Monarchy (french: Monarchie de juillet, officially the Kingdom of France, french: Royaume de France) was a li ...
. During this time, the centre-left was led by
Adolphe Thiers Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers ( , ; 15 April 17973 September 1877) was a French statesman and historian. He was the second elected President of France The president of France, officially the president of the French Republic (french: Pré ...

Adolphe Thiers
(head of the liberal-nationalist Movement Party) and
Odilon Barrot Camille Hyacinthe Odilon Barrot (; 19 July 1791 – 6 August 1873) was a Politics of France, French politician who was briefly head of the council of ministers under Napoleon III, Prince Louis Napoleon in 1848–49. Early life Barrot was born at ...

Odilon Barrot
, who headed the
populist Populism refers to a range of political stances that emphasise the idea of "the people" and often juxtapose this group against "the elite". The term developed in the 19th century and has been applied to various politicians, parties, and moveme ...
"Dynastic Opposition". The centre-left was
Orléanist Orléanist (french: Orléaniste) was a 19th-century French political label originally used by those who supported a constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exercises authority in acco ...
, but supported a liberal interpretation of the
Charter of 1830 The Charter of 1830 (french: Charte de 1830) instigated the July Monarchy in France. It was considered a compromise between constitutional monarchy, constitutional monarchists and republicanism, republicans. History After three days of prot ...
, more power to the
Parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of ...
,
manhood suffrageUniversal manhood suffrage is a form of voting rights in which all adult male citizens within a political system are allowed to vote, regardless of income, property, religion, race, or any other qualification. It is sometimes summarized by the slogan ...
and support to rising European nationalisms. Adolphe Thiers served as
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpar ...
for King
Louis Philippe I Louis Philippe (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France, frm, Royaulme de France, french: link=no, Royaume de France) was a medieval ...

Louis Philippe I
twice (in 1836 and 1840), but he then lost the King's favour, and the centre-left rapidly fell. In France, during the Second Republic and the Second Empire the centre-left was not strong or organized, but became commonly associated with the moderate republicans' group in Parliament. Finally, in 1871 the Second Empire fell as consequence of the French defeat in the
Franco-Prussian War The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War,, german: Deutsch-Französischer Krieg often referred to in France as the War of 1870, was a conflict between the Second French Empire (later the Third French Republic) and the North German Confeder ...
and Adolphe Thiers re-established the centre-left after the foundation of the Third Republic. This time the centre-left was constituted of moderate republicans, then called " Opportunists", anti-royalist
liberals Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adherent of a Liberal Party Arts, entertainment and media *''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published betw ...
and radicals from the Republican Union. During the Third Republic, the centre-left was led by political and intellectual figures like
Jules Dufaure Jules Armand Stanislas Dufaure (; 4 December 1798 – 28 June 1881) was a French politician, statesman. Biography Dufaure was born at Saujon, Charente-Maritime, and began his career as an advocate at Bordeaux, where he won a great reputation by h ...
,
Édouard René de Laboulaye __NOTOC__ Édouard René Lefèbvre de Laboulaye (; 18 January 1811 – 25 May 1883) was a French jurist, poet, author and abolitionism in France, anti-slavery activist. In 1865, he originated the idea of a monument presented by the French people ...
, Charles de Rémusat, Léon Say,
William Waddington William Henry Waddington (11 December 182613 January 1894) was a French statesman who served as Prime Minister in 1879, and as an Ambassador of France. Early life and education Waddington was born at the Château of Saint-Rémy in Eure-et ...

William Waddington
,
Jean Casimir-Perier Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier (; 8 November 1847 – 11 March 1907) was a French politician who served as from 1894 to 1895. Biography He was born in Paris, the son of , the grandson of , premier of , and the great grandson of , one of the ...

Jean Casimir-Perier
, Edmond Henri Adolphe Schérer and
Georges Picot Georges Marie René Picot (; 24 December 1838 – 16 August 1909) was a French lawyer A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at lawAttorney at law or attorney-at-law, usually abbreviated in everyday ...
. Elsewhere in Europe, centre-left movements appeared from the 1860s, mainly in
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
and
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
. In Italy, the centre-left was born as coalition between the liberal
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri (10 August 1810 – 6 June 1861), generally known as Cavour ( , ), was an Italian statesman and a leading figure in the movement towards Italian unification Italian un ...
and the progressive
Urbano Rattazzi Urbano Pio Francesco Rattazzi (; 29 June 1808 5 June 1873) was an Italy, Italian politician, statesman, and along with the Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour, Count of Cavour, one of Italy's List of national founders#Italy, founding fathers. Personal ...

Urbano Rattazzi
, the heads respectively of the
Right Rights are legal Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is desc ...
and
Left Left may refer to: Music * ''Left'' (Hope of the States album), 2006 * ''Left'' (Monkey House album), 2016 * ''Left'' (Sharlok Poems album) Direction * Left (direction), the relative direction opposite of right * Left-handedness Politics * ...
groupings in Parliament. This alliance was called "''connubio''" ("marriage") for its opportunist characteristics. In the 1900s, centre-left positions were expressed by people and parties who believed in
social democracy Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between indivi ...
and
democratic socialism Democratic socialism is a that supports within a economy, with a particular emphasis on , , and within a , or an alternative form of . Democratic socialists argue that is inherently incompatible with the values of , , and and that these ...
, but also some liberals or
Christian-democrat Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching Catholic social teaching, commonly abbreviated as CST, is a Catholic doctrine on matters of human dignity D ...
s were associated with the centre-left. Currently, the centre-left parties in Europe are united in the social democratic
Party of European Socialists The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a social democratic Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other form ...

Party of European Socialists
and ecologist
European Green Party The European Green Party (EGP), sometimes referred to as European Greens, is the European political party that operates as a federation of political parties across Europe supporting green politics. The EGP cooperates with the European Free Al ...

European Green Party
. The prevalence of the position occurred mainly due to the rise of
socialism Socialism is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between individuals, ...
caused Liberals to move away from ''
laissez-faire ''Laissez-faire'' ( ; from french: laissez faire , ) is an economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system of Production (economics), production, allocation of resources, resource allocation and Distribution (economics), d ...
'' policies to more interventionist policies, which created the movement. New liberalism (or social liberalism), along with moderate socialism, is regarded as a representative modern centre-left ideology.


List of major centre-left parties in the anglosphere

Current major centre-left parties within the
anglosphere The Anglosphere is a group of English-speaking nations that share common cultural and historical ties to the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, ...
include the following: * –
Labour Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
* –
Labor Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
* –
Progressive Liberal Party The Progressive Liberal Party ( abbreviated PLP) is a populist and social liberal party in the Bahamas The Bahamas (), known officially as the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, is a country within the Lucayan Archipelago of the West Indies ...
(factions) * –
Awami League The Bangladesh Awami League ( bn, বাংলাদেশ আওয়ামী লীগ, translit=Bānglādēsh Awāmī Līg; translated from Urdu: Bangladesh People's League), often simply called the Awami League or AL, is one of the major po ...
(factions) * –
Labour Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
, Democratic Labour Party * –
People's United Party The People's United Party (PUP) is one of two major political parties in Belize. It is currently the governing party of Belize after success in the 2020 Belizean general election, winning a majority of 26 seats out of 31 in the House of Represent ...
, Belize People's Front, Belize Progressive Party * –
Umbrella for Democratic Change The Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) is a political alliance in Botswana. History The UDC was founded in November 2012 by members from various opposition parties, including the Botswana People's Party, BPP and Botswana Movement for Democrac ...
* – Social Democratic Front * –
New Democratic Party The New Democratic Party (NDP; french: Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a social democratic Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in ...

New Democratic Party
,
Bloc Québécois The Bloc Québécois (BQ; , " Quebecer Bloc") is a federal political party in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the ...
,
Green Party A Green party is a formally organized political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about poli ...
(factions),
Liberal Party The Liberal Party is any of many political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, ...
(factions) * –
Labour Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
* –
United Democratic PartyUnited Democratic Party may refer to: *United Democratic Party (Belize) *United Democratic Party (British Guiana) *United Democratic Party (Cayman Islands) *United Democratic Party (The Gambia) *United Democratic Party (Malaysia) *United Democratic ...
(factions) * – National Democratic Congress * – People's Progressive Party,
A Partnership for National Unity A Partnership for National Unity (APNU) is a left-wing political alliance in Guyana Guyana (pronounced or ), officially the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, is a country on the northern mainland of South America and the capital city is Geo ...
, People's National Congress, Alliance for Change (factions) * – Sinn Féin, Labour Party (Ireland), Labour Party, Green Party (Ireland), Green Party, Social Democrats (Ireland), Social Democrats * – People's National Party * – National Super Alliance * – People's Justice Party (Malaysia), People's Justice Party, Democratic Action Party, National Trust Party (Malaysia), National Trust Party * – Militant Socialist Movement, Labour Party (Mauritius), Labour Party * – New Zealand Labour Party, Labour Party * – All Progressives Congress * – Pakistan Peoples Party * – Together for Peru, Peruvian Aprista Party * - PDP–Laban, Liberal Party (Philippines), Liberal Party (factions) * – United Seychelles * – Workers' Party (Singapore), Workers' Party * – African National Congress * – Sri Lanka People's Freedom Alliance (factions), Samagi Jana Balawegaya (factions), Tamil National Alliance * – People's National Movement (factions), United National Congress * – Labour Party (UK), Labour Party, Liberal Democrats (UK), Liberal Democrats (factions) ** – Scottish National Party, Scottish Labour, Scottish Greens, Scottish Liberal Democrats (factions) ** – Welsh Labour, Plaid Cymru, Welsh Liberal Democrats (factions) ** Northern Ireland – Sinn Féin, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Green Party Northern Ireland, Green Party, Alliance Party of Northern Ireland, Alliance Party (factions) * – Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party (see Factions in the Democratic Party (United States)#Center-left factions, factions) * – Patriotic Front (Zambia), Patriotic Front * – Movement for Democratic Change (2018), Movement for Democratic Change


See also

* Centre-right politics * Blairism * Eco-capitalism * Economic interventionism * Georgism * Green liberalism * Green libertarianism * List of left-wing political parties * Neoclassical liberalism * Social democracy * Social liberalism * Social market economy * Soft left * Third Way * Welfare capitalism * Welfare state


References


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Centre-Left Centrism Left-wing politics Political spectrum Political terminology Centre-left politics,