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The Yale Bulldogs football program represents Yale University in college football at the National Collegiate Athletic Association, NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA). Yale's football program is one of the oldest in the world, having begun competing in the sport in 1872. The Bulldogs have a legacy that includes 27 national championships, two of the first three Heisman Trophy winners (Larry Kelley in 1936 and Clint Frank in 1937), 100 consensus All-Americans, 28 College Football Hall of Fame inductees, including the "Father of American Football" Walter Camp, the first professional football player Pudge Heffelfinger, and coaching giants Amos Alonzo Stagg, Howard Jones (American football coach), Howard Jones, T. A. Dwight Jones, Tad Jones and Carmen Cozza. With over 900 wins, Yale ranks in the top ten for most wins in college football history.


History


Early history

The Bulldogs were the dominant team in the early days of intercollegiate football, winning 27 College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS, college football national championships, including 26 in 38 years between 1872 and 1909. Walter Camp, known as the "Father of Football," graduated from Hopkins School, Hopkins Grammar School in 1876, and played college football at Yale University, Yale College from 1876 to 1882. He later served as the head football coach at Yale from 1888 to 1892. It was Camp who pioneered the fundamental transition of American football from rugby when in 1880, he succeeded in convincing the Intercollegiate Football Association to discontinue the rugby "scrum," and instead have players line up along a "line of scrimmage" for individual plays, which begin with the snap of the ball and conclude with the tackling of the ballcarrier. In 1916, against the advisement of coach Tad Jones, Yale quarterback Chester J. LaRoche (1918s) helped lead the Yale team in a win against Princeton by turning the momentum of the game with a fourth-down call in the huddle to go for first down rather than punt. The team made the down and went on to win the game in one of Yale's greatest victories in its history. LaRoche went on to spearhead the creation of the National Football Foundation and Hall of Fame.


Formation of the Ivy League

When the Ivy League athletic conference was formed in 1955, conference rules prohibited post-season play in football. While Yale had always abstained from post-season play, other member schools had participated in bowl game, bowls before, and the new policy further insulated Yale and the Ivy League from the national spotlight.


NCAA Division I subdivision split

The NCAA decided to split Division I into two subdivisions in 1978, then called NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, I-A for larger schools, and NCAA Football Championship Subdivision, I-AA for the smaller ones. The NCAA had devised the split, in part, with the Ivy League in mind, but the conference did not move down for four seasons despite the fact that there were many indications that the ancient eight were on the wrong side of an increasing disparity between the big and small schools. In 1982, the NCAA created a rule that stated a program's average attendance must be at least 15,000 to qualify for I-A membership. This forced the conference's hand, as only some of the member schools met the attendance qualification. Choosing to stay together rather than stand their ground separately in the increasingly competitive I-A subdivision, the Ivy League moved down into I-AA starting with the 1982 season.


Conference affiliations

Yale has been both an independent and affiliated with the Ivy League. * Independent (1872–1955) * Ivy League (1956–present)


Championships


National championships

Yale has won 27 national championships from NCAA-designated major selectors. Yale claims each of these championships.


Conference championships

Yale has won 16 conference championships, all in the Ivy League, as of 2019 with eight outright and eight shared. † Co-championship


Head coaches

Career records of Yale head coaches.


Rivalries


Harvard

Harvard and Yale have been competing against each other in football since 1875. The annual rivalry game between the two schools, known as "Harvard–Yale football rivalry, The Game", is played in November at the end of the football season. As of 2017, Yale leads the series 67–59–8. The Game is the second oldest continuing rivalry and also the third most-played List of NCAA college football rivalry games, rivalry game in college football history, after the The Rivalry (Lehigh-Lafayette), Lehigh–Lafayette Rivalry (1884) and the Princeton University, Princeton–Yale game (1873). ''Sports Illustrated On Campus'' rated the Harvard–Yale rivalry the sixth-best in college athletics in 2003. Harvard had been unbeaten versus Yale from 2007 to 2015. The nine game winning streak was the longest during the rivalry. Yale's 21–14 victory over Harvard in Cambridge in 2016 ended the streak. The Game is significant for historical reasons as the rules of The Game soon were adopted by other schools. Football's rules, conventions, and equipment, as well as elements of "atmosphere" such as the mascot and fight song, include many elements pioneered or nurtured at Harvard and Yale.


Princeton

The series with Princeton Tigers football, Princeton dates to 1873.


Yale Bowl

The Yale Bowl is Yale's football stadium in New Haven, Connecticut about 1-1/2 miles west of Yale's main campus. Completed in 1914, the stadium Seating capacity, seats 61,446, reduced by renovations from the original capacity of 70,869. Ground was broken on the stadium in August 1913. It was the first bowl-shaped stadium in the country, and provided inspiration for the design of such stadiums as the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rose Bowl (stadium), Rose Bowl, and Michigan Stadium. Through its inspiration of the Rose Bowl stadium, its name is also the origin of college football's bowl games. It was the perfect setting for New Haven native Albie Booth, also known as "Little Boy Blue" to perform his heroics vs. Army in November 1929 and for the 47-yard "kick that made history" by Randall "Randy" C. Carter, '77, snapped by the stalwart center from Illinois, Ralph Bosch, '77 and surely placed by John "Nubes" Nubani, '78, in the last seconds of the 1975 Yale-Dartmouth game to win the game for Yale, 16–14. The victory lifted head coach Carm Cozza into a tie with the legendary Walter Camp for most victories by a Bulldog mentor. The current scoreboard (notable for the time clock being arranged vertically instead of horizontally) was added in 1958, and in 1986 the current press box was added. Yale hosted Penn in the first night football game at the Bowl on October 21, 2016. Penn defeated Yale in the game, 42–7. The Bowl was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987.


College Football Hall of Fame inductees

As of 2017, 29 Yale Bulldogs players and coaches have been inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame.


Yale players in the NFL

More than 25 players from Yale have gone on to play in the National Football League, including running backs Calvin Hill, Chuck Mercein and Chris Hetherington, defensive backs Dick Jauron, Gary Fencik and Kenny Hill (defensive back), Kenny Hill, tight ends Eric Johnson (tight end), Eric Johnson and John Spagnola, quarterback Brian Dowling (American football), Brian Dowling, and linemen Fritz Barzilauskas, Century Milstead and Mike Pyle.


All-Americans

Since the first All-American team was selected by Caspar Whitney in 1889, more than 100 Yale football players have been selected as first-team All-Americans. Consensus All-Americans are noted below with bold typeface. * 1889 College Football All-America Team, 1889: Amos Alonzo Stagg (End), Charles O. Gill (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Pudge Heffelfinger (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1890 College Football All-America Team, 1890: William Rhodes (American football), William Rhodes (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Pudge Heffelfinger, Lee McClung (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1891 College Football All-America Team, 1891: Frank Hinkey (End), John A. Hartwell (End), Wallace Winter (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Pudge Heffelfinger (Guard (gridiron football), G), Lee McClung (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1892 College Football All-America Team, 1892: Frank Hinkey (End), Alexander Hamilton Wallis (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Vance McCormick (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1893 College Football All-America Team, 1893: Frank Hinkey (End), Bill Hickok (American football), Bill Hickock (Guard (gridiron football), G), Frank Butterworth (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1894 College Football All-America Team, 1894: Frank Hinkey (End), Anson Beard (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Bill Hickock (Guard (gridiron football), G), Phillip Stillman (Center (gridiron football), C), George Adee (Quarterback, QB), Frank Butterworth (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1895 College Football All-America Team, 1895: Fred J. Murphy, Fred Murphy (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Sam Thorne (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1896 College Football All-America Team, 1896: Lyman M. Bass, Lyman Bass (End), Fred Murphy (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Burr Chamberlain (Center (gridiron football), C), Clarence Fincke (Quarterback, QB) * 1897 College Football All-America Team, 1897: John Hall (American football end), John Hall (End), Burr Chamberlain (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Rodgers (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Gordon Brown (guard), Gordon Brown (Guard (gridiron football), G), Charles Chadwick (athlete), Charles Chadwick (Guard (gridiron football), G), George Cadwalader (Center (gridiron football), C), Charles de Saulles (Quarterback, QB) * 1898 College Football All-America Team, 1898: Burr Chamberlain (Guard (gridiron football), G), Gordon Brown (Guard (gridiron football), G), Malcolm McBride (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1899 College Football All-America Team, 1899: George Stillman (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Gordon Brown (Guard (gridiron football), G), Albert Sharpe (American football), Albert Sharpe (Halfback (American football), HB), Malcolm McBride (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1900 College Football All-America Team, 1900: Sherman Coy (End), George Stillman (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), James Bloomer (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Gordon Brown (Guard (gridiron football), G), Herman Olcott (Center (gridiron football), C), George B. Chadwick, George Chadwick (Halfback (American football), HB), William Finck (American football), William Finck (Halfback (American football), HB), Albert Sharpe (Halfback (American football), HB), Perry Hale (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) Charles Gould (American football), Charles Gould (End) * 1901 College Football All-America Team, 1901: James Hogan (American football), James Hogan (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Herman Olcott (Guard (gridiron football), G), Henry Holt (American football), Henry Holt (Center (gridiron football), C) * 1902 College Football All-America Team, 1902: Tom Shevlin (End), Ralph Kinney (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), James Hogan (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Edgar Glass (Guard (gridiron football), G), Henry Holt (Center (gridiron football), C), Foster Rockwell (Quarterback, QB), George Chadwick (Halfback (American football), HB), Harold Metcalf (Halfback (American football), HB), Morgan Bowman (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1903 College Football All-America Team, 1903: Charles Rafferty (End), Tom Shevlin (End), James Hogan (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), James Bloomer (Guard (gridiron football), G), Foster Rockwell (Quarterback, QB), Harold Metcalf (Halfback (American football), HB), Ledyard Mitchell (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1904 College Football All-America Team, 1904: Tom Shevlin (End), Neal (End), James Hogan (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), James Bloomer (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Ralph Kinney (Guard (gridiron football), G), Roswell Tripp (Guard (gridiron football), G), Clint Roraback (Center (gridiron football), C), Foster Rockwell (Quarterback, QB), Lydig Hoyt (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1905 College Football All-America Team, 1905: Tom Shevlin (End), Roswell Tripp (Guard (gridiron football), G), Guy Hutchinson (Quarterback, QB), Howard Roome (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1906 College Football All-America Team, 1906: Robert Forbes (American football), Robert Forbes (End), Lucius Horatio Biglow (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Arthur Brides (Guard (gridiron football), G), Clarence Hockenberger (Center (gridiron football), C), T. A. Dwight Jones, Tad Jones (Quarterback, QB), Hugh Knox (Halfback (American football), HB), Paul Veeder (Fullback (gridiron football), FB), Samuel Finley Brown Morse, Samuel F.B. Morse (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1907 College Football All-America Team, 1907: Clarence Alcott (End), Lucius Horatio Biglow (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Tad Jones (Quarterback, QB), Ted Coy (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1908 College Football All-America Team, 1908: William Goebel (Guard (gridiron football), G), Hamlin Andrus (Guard (gridiron football), G), Ted Coy (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1909 College Football All-America Team, 1909: John Kilpatrick (End), Henry Hobbs (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Hamlin Andrus (Guard (gridiron football), G), Carroll Cooney (Center (gridiron football), C), Stephen Philbin (Halfback (American football), HB), Ted Coy (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1910 College Football All-America Team, 1910: John Kilpatrick (End), Jim Scully (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Fred J. Daly (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1911 College Football All-America Team, 1911: Douglas Bomeisler (End), Jim Scully (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Pomeroy Francis (Guard (gridiron football), G), Hank Ketcham (American football), Hank Ketcham (Center (gridiron football), C), Art Howe (American football), Art Howe (Quarterback, QB), Jesse Philbin (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1912 College Football All-America Team, 1912: Douglas Bomeisler (End), Carroll T. Cooney (Guard (gridiron football), G), Hank Ketcham (Center (gridiron football), C) * 1913 College Football All-America Team, 1913: Ben Avery (End), Bud Talbott (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), John Pendleton (Guard (gridiron football), G), Hank Ketcham (Guard (gridiron football), G), William Marting (Center (gridiron football), C) * 1914 College Football All-America Team, 1914: Red Brann (End), Bud Talbott (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Harry LeGore (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1915 College Football All-America Team, 1915: Clinton Black (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1916 College Football All-America Team, 1916: Charles Comerford (End), George Moseley (End), Clinton Black (Guard (gridiron football), G), Lawrence Fox (footballer), Lawrence Fox (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1920 College Football All-America Team, 1920: Tim Callahan (American football), Tim Callahan (Guard (gridiron football), G), John Acosta (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1921 College Football All-America Team, 1921: Malcolm Aldrich (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1922 College Football All-America Team, 1922: Harry P. Cross, Harry Cross (Guard (gridiron football), G), Phillip Cruikshank (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1923 College Football All-America Team, 1923: Century Milstead (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Bill Mallory (American football), Bill Mallory (Fullback (gridiron football), FB) * 1924 College Football All-America Team, 1924: Richard Luman (End), Johnny Joss (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Winslow Lovejoy (Center (gridiron football), C), Ducky Pond (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1925 College Football All-America Team, 1925: Johnny Joss (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Herbert Sturhahn (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1926 College Football All-America Team, 1926: Herbert Sturhahn (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1927 College Football All-America Team, 1927: Dwight Fishwick (End), Sidney Quarrier (Tackle (gridiron football position), T), Bill Webster (American football), Bill Webster (Guard (gridiron football), G), John Charlesworth (American football), John Charlesworth (Center (gridiron football), C), Bruce Caldwell (American sportsman), Bruce Caldwell (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1929 College Football All-America Team, 1929: Wade Greene (Guard (gridiron football), G), Albie Booth (Quarterback, QB) * 1930 College Football All-America Team, 1930: Frederick Linehan (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1932 College Football All-America Team, 1932: Robert Lassiter (Halfback (American football), HB) * 1936 College Football All-America Team, 1936: Larry Kelley (End), Clint Frank (Quarterback, QB) * 1937 College Football All-America Team, 1937: Clint Frank (Quarterback, QB) * 1942: Spencer Moseley (Center (gridiron football), C) * 1944: Paul Walker (American football), Paul Walker (End) * 1945: Paul Walker (End) * 1960: Ben Balme (Guard (gridiron football), G) * 1970: Tom Neville (Tackle (gridiron football position), T) * 1972: Dick Jauron (Running back, RB) * 1977: John Pagliaro (Running back, RB) * 1981: Rich Diana (Running back, RB)


See also

* List of NCAA football teams by wins


References


External links

* {{Yale Yale Bulldogs football, American football teams established in 1872 1872 establishments in Connecticut