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Wrexham ( ; cy, Wrecsam; ) is a large market town and the administrative centre of
Wrexham County Borough Wrexham County Borough ( cy, Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam) is a county borough County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereig ...
in
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...

Wales
. It is located between the Welsh mountains and the lower Dee Valley neighbouring the
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...

English
county of
Cheshire Cheshire ( ;), archaically the County Palatine of Chester, is a historic and ceremonial county in northwest England North West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office re ...

Cheshire
. Historically part of
Denbighshire Denbighshire ( cy, Sir Ddinbych; ) is a Local government in Wales#Principal areas, county in the North East Wales, north-east of Wales. Its borders differ from the Denbighshire (historic), historic county of the same name. This part of Wales co ...
, the town became part of
Clwyd Clwyd () is a preserved county of Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north an ...
in 1974 and has been the principal centre of Wrexham County Borough since 1996. Wrexham has historically been one of the primary settlements of Wales. At the
2011 Census2011 censuses were conducted in the following countries: * Australia: Census in Australia * Austria: Demographics of Austria * Bangladesh: 2011 Bangladesh Census * Bulgaria: Demographics of Bulgaria * Canada: Canada 2011 Census * Croatia: 2011 Censu ...
, it had a population of 65,692, making it the fourth largest urban area in Wales and largest in
north Wales , area_land_km2 = 6,172 , postal_code_type = Postcode A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or nume ...

north Wales
. The town comprises the local government communities of
ActonActon may refer to: Places Antarctica * Mount Acton Australia * Acton, Australian Capital Territory, a suburb of Canberra * Acton, Tasmania, a suburb of Burnie * Acton Park, Tasmania, a suburb of Hobart, Tasmania, formerly known as Acton Canada ...
,
Caia Park Caia Park (), or colloquially Caia or Queen's Park, is a local government community A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level ...
,
Offa Offa (died 29 July 796 AD) was King King is the title given to a male in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is , which title is also given to the of a king. *In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contemporary indi ...
, and
Rhosddu Rhosddu () is a community A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level of analysis" is distinct from the term "unit of observati ...
. A wider urban area extends into villages like
Coedpoeth Coedpoeth () is a large village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. The built-up area with Minera had a population of 5,723 in the 2011 census. History The etymology of the Welsh placenames, placename is from Wels ...
,
Llay Llay ( cy, Llai; meaning meadow; ) is a village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. It borders several other villages including Gwersyllt and Gresford. At the United Kingdom Census 2001, 2001 Census, the total popu ...
,
Gresford Gresford (; cy, Gresffordd ) is a village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. According to the 2001 Census, the population of the community, which also includes the village of Marford, was 5,334, reducing to 5,0 ...
, and
Rhosllanerchrugog RhosllanerchrugogDavies, Jenkins and Baines (eds) ''The Welsh Academy Encyclopedia of Wales'', 2008, p.752 (also spelled Rhosllannerchrugog, ), is a large village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. It lies within ...
. Wrexham was likely founded prior to the 11th century and in the Middle Ages developed as a regional centre for trade and administration. The market town became the most populous settlement in Wales in the 17th century and was at the forefront of the
Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Great Britain, continental Europe Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent A continent is any of several large landmasse ...
from the 18th century. Prior to de-industrialisation in the 20th century, the town and surrounding area were a hub of coal and lead mining; the production of iron, steel and leather; and brewing. Today, Wrexham continues to serve north Wales and the Welsh borderlands as a centre for manufacturing, retail, education and administration. The town is noted for hosting
Wrexham A.F.C. Wrexham Association Football Club ( cy, Clwb Pêl-droed Cymdeithas Wrecsam) is a Welsh professional association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a sphere, spherica ...
(one of the oldest professional football teams in the world); the nationally significant industrial heritage of the
Clywedog Valley The River Clywedog is a river in the county borough of Wrexham (county borough), Wrexham, Wales. Its uses have been watering crops, powering industrial machinery but is now used as walking trails or geography trips. The river originates to the ...
; the celebrated National Trust Property of
Erddig Erddig Hall () is a Grade-I listed National Trust property in Wrexham Wrexham ( ; cy, Wrecsam; ) is a large market town and the administrative centre of Wrexham County Borough Wrexham County Borough ( cy, Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam) is a L ...
; and the fine Tudor church of
St Giles Saint Giles (, la, Aegidius, french: Gilles), also known as Giles the Hermit, was a hermit or monk active in the lower Rhône The Rhône ( , ; german: Rhone ; wae, Rotten ; it, Rodano ; frp, Rôno ; oc, Ròse ) is one of the major rivers ...
, which towers over the historic
town centre A town centre is the commerce, commercial or geographical centre or core area of a town. Town centres are traditionally associated with shopping or retail. They are also the centre of communications with major public transport hubs such as train ...
.


History


Early history

Human activity in the Wrexham area dates back to the
Mesolithic The Mesolithic (Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

Mesolithic
period (8000 to 4300 BC), with tools made from flint being found to the east of the town. Two
Bronze Age The Bronze Age is a prehistoric Periodization, period that was characterized by the use of bronze, in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the Three-age sys ...
burial mounds are located to the west of the modern town centre and there is evidence that the area had developed into a centre for an innovative metalworking industry by the early
Middle Bronze Age The Bronze Age is a prehistoric Periodization, period that was characterized by the use of bronze, in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the Three-age syst ...
. A series of
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's pa ...
hill-forts are located to the west of present-day Wrexham along the upland-lowland line suggesting the presence of an ancient tribal boundary. At the time of the
Roman conquest of Britain The Roman conquest of Britain was a process that consisted of the conquest of territory located on the island of Great Britain, Britain by occupying Roman Empire, Roman forces. It began in AD 43 under Emperor Claudius, and was largely com ...
, the area which Wrexham formed part of was held by a tribe called the
Cornovii The Cornovii is the name by which two, or three, Iron Age tribes in Britain, tribes were known in Roman Britain. One tribe was in the area centred on present-day Shropshire, one was in Caithness in northernmost Scotland, and there was probably one i ...
. A Roman civilian settlement was located in the Plas Coch area of Wrexham and excavations have revealed evidence of agriculture and trade with the wider Roman world. Following the end of Roman rule in Britain, Wrexham formed part of the
Romano-British Romano-British culture is the culture that arose in Britain under the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post-Republican Repub ...
Kingdom of
Powys Powys (; ) is a county A county is a geographical region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of hu ...
.


Medieval

The
Battle of Chester The Battle of Chester (Old Welsh Old Welsh ( cy, Hen Gymraeg) is the stage of the Welsh language Welsh ( or ) is a Brittonic languages, Brittonic language of the Celtic language family that is native to the Welsh people. Welsh is spoken ...
circa 615/616 marked the beginning of a long struggle between the Welsh and English for territory in this part of Wales. During the 8th century, the Anglo-Saxon royal house of
Mercia Mercia (, ang, Miercna rīċe; la, Merciorum regnum) was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon The Anglo-Saxons were a cultural group Cultural identity is a part of a person's identity Identity may refer to: Social sciences * Id ...

Mercia
pushed their frontiers westwards and established the earth boundaries of
Wat's Dyke Wat's Dyke ( cy, Clawdd Wat) is a linear earthwork running through the northern Welsh Marches from Basingwerk Abbey on the River Dee, Wales, River Dee estuary, passing east of Oswestry and on to Maesbury in Shropshire, England. It runs gener ...
and
Offa's Dyke Offa's Dyke ( cy, Clawdd Offa) is a large linear Earthworks (Archaeology), earthwork that roughly follows the England–Wales border, border between England and Wales. The structure is named after Offa of Mercia, Offa, the Anglo-Saxon England, ...

Offa's Dyke
to the west of the present town. During this first period of Mercian advance in the 8th century, the settlement of Wrexham was likely founded on the flat ground above the meadows of the
River Gwenfro The River Gwenfro ( cy, Afon Gwenfro) is a small river in Wrexham County Borough Wrexham County Borough ( cy, Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam) is a Local government in Wales#Principal areas, county borough in the North East Wales, north-east of Wale ...
. The name Wrexham probably comes from the old English for Wryhtel's river meadow. Alternatively, the name may have described a settlement of the Wreocensæte people, who were possibly a continuation of the Cornovii tribe of Roman Britain. The settlement may have originally been named 'Caer Fantell' in Welsh but by the 13th century was recorded in Welsh as 'Gwrexham' or 'Gregsam'. The Mercians fought over north-east Wales during the 8th to 10th centuries but the Welsh Kings of Powys re-conquered the Wrexham area during the 11th century. Following the Welsh reconquest, Wrexham formed an integral part of the Powys lordship of
Maelor The Maelor is an area of north-east Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and wes ...
and so does not appear in the
Domesday Book Domesday Book () – the Middle English Middle English (abbreviated to ME) was a form of the English language spoken after the Norman conquest of England, Norman conquest (1066) until the late 15th century. The English language underwent ...
of 1086. The first recorded reference to the town in 1161 is to a castle at 'Wristlesham'. Stability under the princes of
Powys Fadog Powys Fadog (English: ''Lower Powys'' or ''Madog's Powys'') was the northern portion of the former princely realm of Powys Powys (; ) is a and in . It is named after the which was a Welsh , and that emerged during the Middle Ages followin ...
enabled Wrexham to develop as a trading town and administrative centre of one of the two
commote A commote (Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European language family, indigenous to the British Isles, spoken in Wales ** Patagonian Wels ...
s making up the Lordship. In 1202, Madoc ap Gruffydd Maelor, Lord of Dinas Brân, granted some of his demesne lands in 'Wrechcessham' to the abbey of and in 1220 the earliest reference to a church in Wrexham is made. Following the loss of Welsh independence and the death in battle of Prince
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (c. 1223 – 11 December 1282), sometimes written as Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, also known as Llywelyn the Last ( cy, Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf, lit=Llywelyn, Our Last Leader), was Prince of Wales ( la, Princeps Walliae, links= ...
in 1282, Wrexham became part of the semi-independent Marcher lordship of Bromfield and Yale. Wrexham increased in importance throughout the Middle Ages as the lordship's administrative centre, and the town's position made it a suitable centre for the exchange of the produce of the Dee valley and Denbighshire uplands, whilst iron and lead were also mined locally. From 1327 onwards, the town is referred to as a ''villa mercatoria'' (market town) and became a celebrated centre for Welsh craftsmen. The town was particularly well known in the 14th and 15th centuries for the manufacture of Welsh
buckler A buckler (French ''bouclier'' 'shield', from Old French ''bocle, boucle'' 'boss Boss may refer to: * Supervisor A supervisor, or also known as foreman, boss, overseer, facilitator, monitor, area coordinator, or sometimes gaffer, is the jo ...
s, as illustrated by the mention in the 1547 Inventory of King Henry VIII of 'wreckesham Buckelers'. In 1391 Wrexham was wealthy enough for a bard, jester, juggler, dancer and goldsmith to earn their living there. The traditional pattern of Welsh life –
law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its bounda ...
, administration, customs and
language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the ...
– remained undisturbed through the Middle Ages and the pattern was for local
English people The English people are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as rea ...
to rapidly
adopt Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting Parenting or child rearing promotes and supports the physical Physical may refer to: *Physical examination, a regular overall check-up with a doctor *Physical (album), ''Physical' ...
the
Welsh-language Welsh ( or ) is a Brittonic language Brittonic or Brythonic may refer to: *Common Brittonic, or Brythonic, the Celtic language anciently spoken in Great Britain *Brittonic languages, a branch of the Celtic languages descended from Common B ...
and to be assimilated into
Welsh culture Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the ...
, even to point of adopting Welsh
Patronymic surname A patronymic surname is a surname In some cultures, a surname, family name, or last name is the portion of one's personal name A personal name, or full name, in onomastic Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the etymology, histor ...
s. The local Welsh nobility and peasantry backed the uprising led by
Owain Glyndŵr Owain ap Gruffydd, lord of Glyndyfrdwy (c. 1359c. 1415), also known as Owain Glyndŵr or Glyn Dŵr (, en, Owen Glendower), was a Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a ...

Owain Glyndŵr
against King
Henry IV of England Henry IV (April 1367 – 20 March 1413) or Henry Bolingbroke was King of England This list of kings and queens of the begins with , who initially ruled , one of the which later made up modern England. Alfred styled himself King of ...

Henry IV of England
during the early
15th-century The 15th century was the which spans the years () to (). The term is often used to refer to the 1400s, the century between 1400 and 1499. In , the 15th century includes parts of the , the , and the . Many technological, social and cult ...
. Local poet
Guto'r Glyn Guto'r Glyn (c. 1412 – c. 1493) was a Welsh language poet and soldier of the era of the ''Beirdd yr Uchelwyr'' ("Poets of the Nobility") or ''Cywyddwyr'' ("cywydd-men"), the itinerant professional poets of the later Middle Ages. He is consider ...
(c. 1412 – c. 1493) heralded Siôn ap Madog, the great-nephew of Owain Glyndŵr, as '''Alecsander i Wrecsam''' ("an
Alexander Alexander is a male given name. The most prominent bearer of the name is Alexander the Great, the king of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia (ancient kingdom), Macedonia who created one of the largest empires in ancient history. Etymology T ...

Alexander
for Wrexham") and the poet
Hywel DafiHywel or (), sometimes Anglicisation of names, anglicised as Howell, is a Welsh masculine given name. It may refer to: *Saint Hywel, a sixth-century disciple of Saint Teilo *Hywel ap Rhodri Molwynog, 9th-century king of Gwynedd *Hywel Dda or Hywel t ...
addresses Siôn's heir as '''Gwregys am ais Gwregsam wyt (the armour around Wrexham's ribs).


Early Modern

The
Acts of UnionAct of Union may refer to: In Great Britain and Ireland * Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542, passed during the reign of King Henry VIII to make Wales a part of the Kingdom of England (These laws are often referred to in the plural as the "Acts of Un ...
passed during the reign of Henry VIII brought the lordship into the full system of English administration and law. It became part of the new shire of
Denbighshire Denbighshire ( cy, Sir Ddinbych; ) is a Local government in Wales#Principal areas, county in the North East Wales, north-east of Wales. Its borders differ from the Denbighshire (historic), historic county of the same name. This part of Wales co ...
in 1536. In 1584 St Richard Gwyn, a local
Recusant Recusancy, from the Latin ''recusare'' (to refuse), was the state of those who remained loyal to the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of member ...
, schoolteacher, and poet in the
Welsh-language Welsh ( or ) is a Brittonic language Brittonic or Brythonic may refer to: *Common Brittonic, or Brythonic, the Celtic language anciently spoken in Great Britain *Brittonic languages, a branch of the Celtic languages descended from Common B ...
, was convicted of
high treason Treason is the crime of attacking a Sovereign state, state authority to which one owes allegiance. This typically includes acts such as participating in a war against one's native country, attempting to Coup d'etat, overthrow its government, Es ...
based on his Catholic beliefs by a panel of judges headed by the
Chief Justice The chief justice is the presiding member of a supreme court A supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adjudication, adjudicate legal disputes betwee ...

Chief Justice
of
Chester Chester is a walled cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of ...

Chester
, Sir George Bromley. On 15 October 1584, Gwyn was taken to the Beast Market and
hung, drawn and quartered To be hanged, drawn and quartered was, from 1352 after the Treason Act 1351, a statutory penalty in England for men convicted of high treason, although the ritual was first recorded during the reign of King Henry III (1216–1272). The convic ...
for his faith. He was
canonised Canonization is the declaration of a deceased person as an officially recognized saint, specifically, the official act of a Christianity, Christian communion declaring a person worthy of Cult (religious practice), public cult and entering his ...
by
Pope Paul VI Pope Paul VI ( la, Paulus VI; it, Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini, ; 26 September 18976 August 1978) was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the ...
in 1970 as one of the
Forty Martyrs of England and Wales The Forty Martyrs of England and Wales are a group of Catholic The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Gr ...
. His Feast Day is October 17. The main body of the church of
St Giles Saint Giles (, la, Aegidius, french: Gilles), also known as Giles the Hermit, was a hermit or monk active in the lower Rhône The Rhône ( , ; german: Rhone ; wae, Rotten ; it, Rodano ; frp, Rôno ; oc, Ròse ) is one of the major rivers ...
was rebuilt in the late 15th and early 16th centuries to become one of the finest examples of ecclesiastical architecture in Wales. The economic character remained predominantly as an agricultural market town into the 17th century but there were workshops of weavers, smiths, nailers as well as dye houses. The 1620 Norden's jury of survey of Wrexham Regis stated that four-fifths of the land-holding classes of Wrexham bore Welsh names and every field except one within the manor bore a Welsh or semi-Welsh name. A grammar school was established in 1603 by Alderman Valentine Broughton of Chester. During the
English Civil War The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, ...
, most of the local Welsh gentry supported
King Charles I of the King of the Romans (variant used in the early modern period) File:Nezahualpiltzintli.jpg, Aztec King Nezahualpiltzintli of Texcoco King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen re ...

King Charles I
and in 1642 the King addressed enthusiastic crowds in the town. However, local landlord Sir Thomas Myddelton declared for the
Rump Parliament The Rump Parliament was the English Parliament The Parliament of England was the legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gath ...

Rump Parliament
and Parliamentarians occupied the town in 1643 and 1645. Wrexham served as military headquarters for both forces and a quarter of houses were burned down in 1643 during the quartering of troops in the town. In the 17th century, Wrexham served as an educational and cultural focal point for local society and became a 'Puritan Metropolis'.
Morgan Llwyd Morgan Llwyd (1619 – 3 June 1659) was a Welsh Puritan preacher, poet and prose writer. Biography Morgan Llwyd was born to a cultured and influential family in the parish of Maentwrog, Gwynedd. His grandfather, Huw Llwyd, was a professiona ...
, the radical nonconformist preacher and writer, was educated at the Wrexham Grammar School and became Vicar of Wrexham in 1645.


Late Modern

Wrexham was known for its leather industry and by the 18th century there were a number of skinners and tanners in the town. The Industrial Revolution began in Wrexham in 1762 when the entrepreneur John Wilkinson (1728–1808), known as "Iron Mad Wilkinson", opened
Bersham Ironworks Bersham Ironworks were large ironworks at Bersham Bersham ( cy, Y Bers) is a small Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European languag ...
. Wilkinson's steam engines enabled a peak of production at
Minera Lead Mines Image:Minera Lead Mines - geograph.org.uk - 310965.jpg, The restored engine house and workings. The Minera Lead Mines were a mining operation and are now a country park and tourist centre in the village of Minera near Wrexham, in Wrexham County Boro ...
on the outskirts of Wrexham. From the late 18th century numerous large-scale industrialised collieries operated in the southern section of the North East Wales coalfield, alongside hundreds of more traditional small-scale pits belonging to a mining tradition dating back to the Middle Ages. 18th century literary visitors included
Samuel Johnson Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709  – 13 December 1784), often called Dr Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions as a poet, playwright, essayist, moralist, critic A critic is a person who communicates an asse ...
, who described Wrexham as "a busy, extensive and well-built town", and
Daniel Defoe Daniel Defoe (; born Daniel Foe; c. 1660 – 24 April 1731) was an English writer, trader, journalist, pamphleteer Pamphleteer is a historical term for someone who creates or distributes pamphlet A pamphlet is an unbound book A book is ...

Daniel Defoe
who noted the role of Wrexham as a "great market for Welch flannel". The artist J. M. W. Turner also visited the town in 1792-93 and 1794 which resulted in his drawings of St Giles Parish Church and surrounding buildings and a watercolour painting of a street scene. Rev.
William Bingley William Bingley (January 1774 – 11 March 1823) was an English cleric, naturalist and writer. Life Bingley was born at Doncaster, and left an orphan at an early age. In 1795 he entered Peterhouse, Cambridge, and took the degree of B.A. in 1799, a ...
described Wrexham in 1839 as "of such size and consequence as to have occasionally obtained the appellation of the metropolis of North Wales". Wrexham gained its first newspaper in 1848. The Market Hall was built in 1848, and in 1863 a volunteer fire brigade was founded. In addition to brewing, tanning became one of Wrexham's main industries. In the mid 19th century Wrexham was granted
borough A borough is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for ...
status. By 1851, the population of Wrexham was 6,714; within thirty years this had increased to 10,978 as the town became increasingly industrialised. Wrexham benefited from good underground water supplies which were essential to the brewing of beer: by the mid-19th century, there were 19 breweries in and around the town.
Wrexham Lager File:The original Wrexham Lager Brewery - geograph.org.uk - 341064.jpg, The original brewery building as on the company's final logo is now home to the training provider, ACT Wrexham Lager is a brewery in Wrexham, north-east Wales, that has p ...
brewery was established in 1882 in Central Road and became the first brewery in the United Kingdom to produce lager beer. A permanent military presence was established in the town with the completion of
Hightown Barracks Hightown Barracks is a military installation in Wrexham, Wales. History The barracks were built in the Gothic Revival architecture, Fortress Gothic Revival Style and completed in 1877. Their creation took place as part of the Cardwell Reforms whic ...
in 1877. The Poyser Street drill hall was completed in 1902. When the 1912
National Eisteddfod of Wales The National Eisteddfod of Wales (Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European language family, indigenous to the British Isles, spoken in Wal ...
was held at Wrexham,
T.H. Parry-Williams Sir Thomas Herbert Parry-Williams (21 September 1887 – 3 March 1975) was a Welsh poet, author and academic. Parry-Williams was born at Tŷ'r Ysgol (''the Schoolhouse'') in Rhyd Ddu, Caernarfonshire, Wales. He was educated at the University Co ...
achieved for the first time the feat, almost unheard of since, of winning both the Chair and
the Crown The Crown is the state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...
. Parry-Williams later recalled returning home to
Rhyd-ddu Rhyd-ddu (Welsh language, Welsh for 'black ford') is a small village in Snowdonia, North Wales which is a starting point for hillwalking, walks up Snowdon (via the Snowdon#Rhyd Ddu Path, Rhyd Ddu Path), Moel Hebog, Yr Aran and the Nantlle Ridge. ...
, where had been working as a hired hand upon the farm of a relative. Upon telling his employer of his double-victory, Parry-Williams was advised to, "seek grace." When Parry-Williams then explained that both victories had gained him £40, the relative shouted in angry disbelief, ''"Ac mi gwnest nhw i gyd ar dy din!!!"'' ("And you earned them all sitting on your arse!!!!") By 1913, the North East Wales coal field was producing up to 3 million tonnes a year and employed over 10,000 people, dominating the economic and cultural life of the area. One of the worst mining disasters in British history occurred at
Gresford Colliery Gresford Colliery was a coal mine located a mile from the North Wales village of Gresford, near Wrexham. History Sinking The North Wales Coalfield, of which Gresford was part, runs from Point of Ayr, on the Flintshire coast to the Shropshire b ...
in 1934 when underground explosions and a subsequent fire cost the lives of 266 men. However the industry went into decline after the
First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainmen ...
, and of the seven large-scale collieries operating in the Wrexham area in 1946, only two functional collieries remained by 1968. The last pit to close in the Borough was Bersham Colliery in 1986.The leatherworks in Pentrefelin and Tuttle Street, the many coal mines in the area, the brickworks in Abenbury,
Brymbo Steelworks The Brymbo Steel Works was a former large steelworks in the village of Brymbo near Wrexham, Wales. In operation between 1796 and 1990, it was significant on account of its founder, one of whose original blast furnace stacks remains on the site. ...
and the breweries all closed in the latter half of the 20th century. Wrexham suffered from the same problems as much of industrialised Britain and saw little investment in the 1970s. In the 1980s and 1990s, the
Welsh Development Agency Welsh Development Agency (WDA; cy, Awdurdod Datblygu Cymru) was an executive agency (or QUANGO) and later designated an Assembly Sponsored Public Body (ASPB). Established in 1976, it was tasked with rescuing the ailing Welsh economy by encouragin ...
(WDA) funded a major dual carriageway (the A483) bypassing Wrexham town centre and connecting it with nearby
Chester Chester is a walled cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of ...

Chester
and with England's trunk road network. New shopping areas have been created within the town at Henblas Square, Island Green and Eagles Meadow and the
Wrexham Industrial Estate Wrexham Industrial Estate (Welsh language, Welsh: ) is a well defined industrial area in Wrexham. It is suited on the eastern outskirts of the town and 2.5 miles from the centre of Wrexham. Originally the site of a World War II munitions factory, ...
, previously used in the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, has become home to many manufacturing businesses. Wrexham Town Hall, an early 18th century arcaded structure with an assembly hall on the first floor, which had been built at the top of Town Hall, was demolished to improve traffic flows in the area in February 1940. Wrexham's former police station on Regent Street, originally the barracks for the Royal Denbighshire Militia, is now home to Wrexham County Borough Museum. The museum has two galleries devoted to the history of the town and its surrounding communities. The museum also holds the archive of the
Royal Welch Fusiliers The Royal Welch Fusiliers ( cy, Ffiwsilwyr Brenhinol Cymreig) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army and part of the Prince of Wales' Division, founded in 1689 shortly after the Glorious Revolution. In 1702, it was designated a fusilier ...
; battalions were stationed in Wrexham during the First World War. The collection is notable for containing original documents in the handwriting of
Siegfried Sassoon Siegfried Loraine Sassoon (8 September 1886 – 1 September 1967) was an English war poet, writer, and soldier. Decorated for bravery on the Western Front (World War I), Western Front, he became one of the leading poets of the First World ...

Siegfried Sassoon
,
Robert Graves Robert von Ranke Graves (24 July 1895 – 7 December 1985) was a British poet, historical novelistThis page provides a list of novelists who have written historical novels. Countries named are where they ''worked'' for longer periods. Alte ...

Robert Graves
, J. C. Dunn and other notable members of the RWF, as well as official records.


Governance

Wrexham County Borough Council is made up of 52 Councillors, with one then appointed to serve as
Mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or , regardless whether it carries an actual with it) in an or government and participates in the exercise of , (either their ow ...
for a year. Wrexham is divided into the
communities A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level of analysis" is distinct from the term "unit of observation" in that the former refer ...
of
ActonActon may refer to: Places Antarctica * Mount Acton Australia * Acton, Australian Capital Territory, a suburb of Canberra * Acton, Tasmania, a suburb of Burnie * Acton Park, Tasmania, a suburb of Hobart, Tasmania, formerly known as Acton Canada ...
,
Rhosddu Rhosddu () is a community A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level of analysis" is distinct from the term "unit of observati ...
,
Offa Offa (died 29 July 796 AD) was King King is the title given to a male in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is , which title is also given to the of a king. *In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contemporary indi ...
and
Caia Park Caia Park (), or colloquially Caia or Queen's Park, is a local government community A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level ...
. The Wrexham
constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger state St ...
elects members to the
UK Parliament The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kin ...
and the
Senedd The Senedd (; ), officially known as the Welsh Parliament in English language, English and () in Welsh language, Welsh, is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved, unicameral legislature of Wales. A democratically elected body, it makes ...

Senedd
. The
constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger state St ...
includes both the town and some of its outlying villages such as
Gwersyllt Gwersyllt () is an urban village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. The densely populated village is one of Wrexham's largest and is situated in the north western suburbs of the town, bordering the nearby village ...
,
Llay Llay ( cy, Llai; meaning meadow; ) is a village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. It borders several other villages including Gwersyllt and Gresford. At the United Kingdom Census 2001, 2001 Census, the total popu ...
,
Marford Marford is a village in the Wrexham (county borough), county borough of Wrexham near the England–Wales border, Wales-England border. Marford covers some , where the hills of north-east Wales meet the Cheshire Plain. Distant landmarks that can b ...
,
Rossett Rossett ( cy, Yr Orsedd ) is a village, Community (Wales), community and electoral ward in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. Rossett is served by the A483 road. At the time of the 2001 United Kingdom Census, 2001 census, Rossett community (inclu ...
and Holt. The UK Parliament constituency of Wrexham was considered a
safe seat A safe seat is an electoral district (constituency) in a legislature, legislative body (e.g. Congress, Parliament, City Council) which is regarded as fully secure, for either a certain political party, or the incumbent representative personally o ...
for the
Labour Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
until 2019. At the 2019 general election, Wrexham elected Sarah Atherton MP to the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorpor ...

House of Commons
, the first
Conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of ae ...

Conservative
Member of Parliament for the constituency.
Lesley Griffiths Susan Lesley Griffiths Member of the Senedd, MS (born 1960), known as Lesley Griffiths, is a Welsh Labour politician serving as Welsh Government, Trefnydd of the Senedd since 2021. She worked as a secretary to John Marek (politician), John Marek ...

Lesley Griffiths
MS,
Welsh Labour Welsh Labour ( cy, Llafur Cymru) is the branch of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as ...
, has represented the Wrexham constituency in the
Senedd The Senedd (; ), officially known as the Welsh Parliament in English language, English and () in Welsh language, Welsh, is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved, unicameral legislature of Wales. A democratically elected body, it makes ...

Senedd
since 2007 and has held a number of cabinet positions in the
Welsh Government The Welsh Government ( cy, Llywodraeth Cymru) is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved government of Wales. The government consists of ministers, who attend cabinet meetings, and Minister (government), deputy ministers who do not, and als ...
.


Public services

Wrexham Maelor Hospital The Wrexham Maelor Hospital ( cy, Ysbyty Maelor Wrecsam) is a district general hospital for the north east region of Wales. It is managed by Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board. History The hospital has its origins in the Wrexham Union Workho ...
( cy, Ysbyty Maelor Wrecsam) is the region's major acute district hospital, with over 900 beds, and is the largest of the three core hospitals in
North Wales , area_land_km2 = 6,172 , postal_code_type = Postcode A postal code (also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code) is a series of letters or nume ...
. Other NHS hospitals within the borough are Chirk Community and Penley Polish Hospital. Yale Hospital ( cy, Ysbyty Iâl), situated close to the Maelor Hospital on the Wrexham Technology Park, is Wrexham's largest private hospital with over 25 beds. Formerly ''BUPA Yale Hospital'', it is now owned and operated by Spire Healthcare. Wrexham is served by North Wales Police; their Eastern Division HQ has a large HQ building in Llay and a police station in the town centre. The region's main fire station is situated on Croesnewydd Road and is part of the newly combined Ambulance Service station. Other local fire stations are located in the nearby towns of Chirk and Llangollen.


City status

Wrexham has applied for City status in the United Kingdom, city status three times since the turn of the 21st century, in competitions to mark the new Millennium, and for both the Queen's Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Golden and Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Diamond Jubilees. In March 2012, it was announced that Wrexham had again missed out on city status as the community of St Asaph, which was previously a city, was granted city status. In 2021, the Wrexham council announced their intention to apply for a fourth time for the Queen's Platinum Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Platinum Jubilee award.


Geography

Wrexham is not built on a major river, but on a relatively flat plateau between the lower Dee Valley and Clwydian Range, easternmost mountains of North East Wales, north-east Wales. This position enabled it to grow as a market town, as a crossroads between England and Wales, and later as an industrial hub – due to its rich natural reserves of iron ore and coal. But three small rivers flow through parts of the town: the River Clywedog, Clywedog, River Gwenfro, Gwenfro and River Alyn, Alyn. Wrexham is also famed for the quality of its underground water reserves, which gave rise to its previous dominance as a major brewing centre. Originally a market town with surrounding urban villages, Wrexham has now coalesced with a number of urban villages and forms North Wales' largest conurbation, including its western and south western suburban villages. The conurbation including Wrexham, Rhosllannerchrugog,
Coedpoeth Coedpoeth () is a large village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. The built-up area with Minera had a population of 5,723 in the 2011 census. History The etymology of the Welsh placenames, placename is from Wels ...
and
Llay Llay ( cy, Llai; meaning meadow; ) is a village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. It borders several other villages including Gwersyllt and Gresford. At the United Kingdom Census 2001, 2001 Census, the total popu ...
built-up areas totals over 100,000 residents. The Office for National Statistics defines a Wrexham Built-Up Area (Pop. 65,592 in 2011) making it the 134th largest built up area in the UK, and the 4th largest in Wales. Wrexham is home to approximately 40% of the total population of the county borough. Wrexham is approximately south of
Chester Chester is a walled cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of ...

Chester
, north-west of Shrewsbury, south-west of Manchester, and north of Cardiff.


Landmarks and attractions


Town centre

The historic town centre contains a large number of listed buildings set on a Medieval street pattern radiating out from the Parish Church of St Giles which was the focal point around which the town developed. The church precinct, and the surrounding narrow enclosed streets and alleyways retain a medieval character. Several complete medieval buildings survive on Town Hill and Church Street. Hope Street, Regent Street and Queen Street form the traditional main shopping streets and are wider in some parts than others, resulting from the location of the street markets, which occurred from Medieval times through to the 19th century. The shopping streets and indoor markets are interconnected by historic narrow alleyways and arcades, such as Bank Street and Central Arcade, which host small independent businesses. The half-timbered Talbot Hotel building, built in 1904, stands in a prominent position at the junction of Hope Street and Queen Street. The Horse and Jockey Public House, was probably originally built in the 16th century as a hall-house and retains its thatched roof. High Street is notable for its grand 18th and 19th century properties of varying scale, colour and detail which were built on long, narrow burgage plots probably of medieval origin. The 18th century façade of the Wynnstay Hotel on Yorke Street closes the vista down the High Street. The hotel is notable as the birthplace of the Football Association of Wales, which was formed at a meeting in the hotel in 1876. The Golden Lion Pub on the High Street is of 16th century origin and became an inn c.1700. The listed Border Brewery chimney towers over Tuttle Street and forms a local landmark in the town centre. File:Wrexham High Street, Wales (2).jpg, Wrexham High Street File:Wrexham Overton Arcade.jpg, Overton Arcade File:Wrexham General Market.jpg, General Market File:Wrexham Central Arcade.jpg, Central Arcade File:Wrexham Butchers Market.jpg, Butchers' Market File:Wrexham High Street, Wales.jpg, Wrexham High Street


Attractions

Wrexham held the
National Eisteddfod of Wales The National Eisteddfod of Wales (Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European language family, indigenous to the British Isles, spoken in Wal ...
for the sixth time in 2011. A number of visitor attractions can be found in the area. *Focus Wales – An annual multi-venue festival that takes place in the Wrexham town centre with a focus on emerging talent and the Welsh language. *St Giles' Church, Wrexham, St. Giles Church – One of the Seven Wonders of Wales and burial place of Elihu Yale *Racecourse Ground – Home of Wrexham F.C. The world's oldest international stadium that still continues to host international games. *Erddig Hall – A National Trust property. *Techniquest, Xplore! – Science discovery centre. * Wrexham County Museum – A museum showcasing local history. * Indoor Markets – Wrexham has always been known as a market town and continues this tradition with two architecturally significant Victorian indoor markets (Butchers and General).


Venues and centres

Wrexham has a number of historic town centre buildings, many of which are pubs but others have been converted into arts or community centres. * The Horse & Jockey pub on Hope Street * The Golden Lion on High Street * The Old Swan on Abbott Street. * The Wynstay Arms Hotel on High Street – Football Association of Wales, FAW was formed at the hotel on 2 February 1876. * Tŷ Pawb – A cultural community resource that brings together markets, arts and a food court. * Saith Seren ("Seven Stars") – A former public house, which is now the Wrexham Welsh Centre. The venue is a bilingual community centre but retains its facilities as a pub with local food, a bar, live entertainment, community meeting facilities.


Economy

Wrexham's economy has moved away from heavy industry to high tech manufacturing, bio-technology, finance and professional services. The town also has the largest retail sector in North Wales. In 2007, the town was ranked fifth in the UK for business start-up success, higher than most larger UK towns and cities. In 2020, it was ranked second, behind only Mulbarton.


Shopping

There are several shopping streets including Hope Street with major retailers such as New Look (company), New Look, WHSmith and Claire's and Bank street with independent businesses. Plas Coch and Berse retail parks are on the outskirts close to the A483. Central and Island Green retail parks are in the town centre. Eagles Meadow is a shopping and leisure development in the town, and contains shops such as M&S, Boots (company), Boots, and an Odeon Cinemas, Odeon Cinema, the development is connected to Yorke Street and High Street by a bridge. There are two traditional covered markets (General and Butchers) plus an open-air market on Mondays. Wrexham has a Shopmobility service which is free. Much of the Wrexham town centre is pedestrianised.


Finance and professional services

Wrexham is home to Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation, DTCC, which collates and analyses company information for investment banks and financial organisations. Moneypenny is the UK's largest outsourced switchboard and personal assistant service. Following expansion to the US and New Zealand, they built a new global headquarters at the Western Gateway site at a cost of £15 million including a treehouse meeting room, its own village pub and a sun terrace. The Development Bank of Wales signed a lease for its new headquarters in Wrexham based on the Wrexham Technology Park, which is expected to accommodate 50 jobs. Chetwood Financial is a fintech lender that acquired a full banking licence in 2018, the only new retail bank to secure a licence in 2018.


Industries

Wrexham Industrial Estate Wrexham Industrial Estate (Welsh language, Welsh: ) is a well defined industrial area in Wrexham. It is suited on the eastern outskirts of the town and 2.5 miles from the centre of Wrexham. Originally the site of a World War II munitions factory, ...
is one of the largest industrial areas in Europe and is home to over 340 businesses creating employment for over 10,000 people. The estate currently extends to over 550 hectares and is home to major manufacturing businesses in a range of sectors including automotive, aerospace, food, pharmaceutical and engineering. Wrexham Industrial Estate is home to a number of biopharmaceutical companies such as Wockhardt and Ipsen which have major sites which provide research and development and manufacturing capabilities. The Industrial estate also hosts a 2,100 capacity Category C male prison, costing £212 million, which HM Prison Berwyn, was built on the former Firestone Site. The prison opened in March 2017, and was named in February 2016 as HM Prison Berwyn. Wrexham's close location to both aerospace (Airbus are located in nearby Broughton, Wrexham, Broughton) and automotive manufacturers have led to a number of organisations being in the town. JCB (company), JCB on the
Wrexham Industrial Estate Wrexham Industrial Estate (Welsh language, Welsh: ) is a well defined industrial area in Wrexham. It is suited on the eastern outskirts of the town and 2.5 miles from the centre of Wrexham. Originally the site of a World War II munitions factory, ...
, ACT and Magellan Aerospace are all major employers in the area. Large food manufacturing sites include Kelloggs, Cadbury, Oscar Mayer, Rowan Foods and Village Bakery. Electronics companies Sharp Corporation, Sharp and Brother Industries, Brother have manufacturing facilities located along the A483. One of Wrexham's traditional industries is brewing. Wrexham was once home to Marstons, Border Breweries (Wrexham), Border Breweries and
Wrexham Lager File:The original Wrexham Lager Brewery - geograph.org.uk - 341064.jpg, The original brewery building as on the company's final logo is now home to the training provider, ACT Wrexham Lager is a brewery in Wrexham, north-east Wales, that has p ...
. Wrexham is still a brewing town, however, on a smaller scale, many are either located on Wrexham Industrial Estate and in the town centre, this includes Big Hand, Magic Dragon, Erddig, Sandstone, Axiom and the revival of Wrexham Lager Beer.


Residential development

The central area of Wrexham has also seen a number of purpose-built residential developments as well as conversions of older buildings to residential use. Outside the town centre new estates are being developed in several areas, including over 500 homes at the former
Brymbo Steelworks The Brymbo Steel Works was a former large steelworks in the village of Brymbo near Wrexham, Wales. In operation between 1796 and 1990, it was significant on account of its founder, one of whose original blast furnace stacks remains on the site. ...
site, a ribbon of development on Mold Road leading out of the town (which includes four development companies) and Ruthin Road (Wrexham Western Gateway). There are further plans. These include the development of National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, National Trust (NT) land at
Erddig Erddig Hall () is a Grade-I listed National Trust property in Wrexham Wrexham ( ; cy, Wrecsam; ) is a large market town and the administrative centre of Wrexham County Borough Wrexham County Borough ( cy, Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam) is a L ...
for over 250 homes. This latter proposal generated many protests, particularly from residents of nearby Rhostyllen. A motion at the NT's 2008 AGM to block the development gained much support but was overturned by proxy votes cast by the chairman.


Demography

According to the 2011 census, the average percentage of Welsh speakers (aged 3+) in the electoral divisions that make up the town of Wrexham was 11.01% compared to the Wales average of 19.0%. The average percentage of Welsh speakers for Wrexham County Borough Council was 12.9%, the highest proportion being in the rural Dyffryn Ceiriog division (31.2%) and the lowest in the urban Wynnstay division (7.7%). In January 2015, it was estimated more than 2,000 Portuguese migrants live and work in the town. The community is mainly centred in the district of Hightown, Wrexham, Hightown, and the community hold an annual carnival through the town centre. A Poles, Polish community exists in the town with a number of Polish supermarkets and restaurants in the town centre. In July 2019 Alyn Family Doctors, a GP practice, made a formal objection to proposals to build 300 homes in
Llay Llay ( cy, Llai; meaning meadow; ) is a village and Community (Wales), community in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. It borders several other villages including Gwersyllt and Gresford. At the United Kingdom Census 2001, 2001 Census, the total popu ...
and
Rossett Rossett ( cy, Yr Orsedd ) is a village, Community (Wales), community and electoral ward in Wrexham County Borough, Wales. Rossett is served by the A483 road. At the time of the 2001 United Kingdom Census, 2001 census, Rossett community (inclu ...
, saying "We are already overstretched and cannot cope, and any other developments in our area are unmanageable."


Culture

In October 2021, Wrexham County Borough was shortlisted for the UK City of Culture 2025.


Performing arts

A company of actors (anterliwtwyr) from Wrexham is recorded as appearing in Shrewsbury in Henry VIII's reign. The town is referenced in the late-Jacobean Beaumont and Fletcher play, 'The pilgrim' (1647), in which the stock Welshman declares that "Pendragon was a shentleman, marg you, Sir, and the organs at Rixum were made by relevations". Wrexham hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1888, 1912, 1933 and 1977, as well as an unofficial National Eisteddfod event in 1876. The National Eisteddfod returned to the area in 2011, when Wales' leading festival was held on the land of Lower Berse Farm between 30 July and 6 August. Wrexham has a number of theatres, including the Grove Park Theatre on Vicarage Hill and the Yale Studio theatre close to Llwyn Isaf, with others at Glyndŵr University on Mold Road and at Coleg Cambria. There is a multi-screen Odeon Cinemas, Odeon cinema in the Eagles Meadow development.


Visual arts

Tŷ Pawb (formally Oriel Wrecsam and the People's Market) is Wrexham's largest facility for visual arts and exhibitions, and offers other resources including an indoor market, food court and performance spaces. Tŷ Pawb is Welsh for "Everybody's House" and the name was selected by public vote in 2017. Tŷ Pawb was the lead organisation for Wales in the Venice Biennale 2019. Other galleries in Wrexham include Undegun Arts Space on Regent Street and The Wrexham Independent Gallery (TWIG) on Lord Street. Wrexham's School of Creative Arts (part of Wrexham Glyndŵr University and formally known as North Wales School of Art and Design or NWSAD) is based on Regent Street.


Music

Live music venues have developed around the core of the town. Further out of the centre other venues provide live music shows. The scene is dominated by local bands and the town has become known for the rock, indie and alternative genres. Central Station opened in 1999, the venue had a capacity of approximately 650, attracting a number of international acts. Shortly after its rebrand to Live Rooms Wrexham, it was found to be under financial pressures and closed on 9 February 2019, the year that marked its 20th anniversary. William Aston Hall at Glyndŵr University is a 900-seat venue designed to accommodate a range of events from conferences and exhibitions to theatrical performances, comedy shows and pop/rock concerts. Acts who have performed there include Super Furry Animals, Feeder (band), Feeder, Love (band), Love, Ray Davies, Freddie Starr and The Sweet, Sweet. The Wrexham Symphony Orchestra has been the orchestra in residence at William Aston Hall since 2004. In 2016 the Racecourse Ground re-introduced live music to its summer schedule, the Welsh band Stereophonics were the first musicians to play a live show since the festival with Motörhead in 1982. After the success of Stereophonics with special guests Catfish and the Bottlemen came 2017 with live music from UB 40 and Olly Murs. In June 2018 the Stereophonics returned to the Racecourse Ground alongside special guest Jake Bugg. In June 2021, Lionel Richie and Jess Glynne will be headlining shows at the Racecourse Ground FOCUS Wales is a festival that began in 2010 to showcase musicians from Wales and around the world using venues across the town. FOCUS Wales includes interactive sessions and celebrates the arts of the region and beyond.


Media

Wrexham's newspapers include two daily titles, Reach PLC's ''Daily Post (North Wales)'' run from Colwyn Bay, and Newsquest's ''The Leader (Welsh newspaper), The Leader'' (formerly ''Wrexham Evening Leader'') run from Mold with a circulation of just 3,825 for the Wrexham edition. Two commercial radio stations broadcast from the Wrexham area – Communicorp station Heart North Wales and Global Radio-owned Capital (radio network), Capital North West and Wales broadcast from studios in Gwersyllt. A third station, Capital Cymru (serving Anglesey and Gwynedd) also broadcasts from Gwersyllt. BBC Cymru Wales has a studio and newsroom for radio, television and online services based at Glyndŵr University on Mold Road. From March 2008 to January 2021, the university was also the base for Calon FM, a community radio station serving the county borough. An online news website covering the Wrexham area, ''Wrexham.com'', operates from offices in Regent Street in the town centre since 2012.


Parks and open spaces

Wrexham has three parks, Bellevue Park, Wrexham, Bellevue Park, Acton Park, Wrexham, Acton Park and Erddig Park, as well as a green area within the town centre called Llwyn Isaf. Bellevue Park, Wrexham, Bellevue Park was built alongside the old cemetery on Ruabon Road. The park was designed to commemorate the jubilee year of the incorporation of Wrexham. It became neglected during the 1970s and many of the amenities were in a poor state of repair. A major project was undertaken to restore the park to its original state. The park reopened in June 2000. In 2015 Belle Vue Park was dedicated as a Fields in Trust Centenary Field because of its links with veterans of two world wars. Acton, Wrexham#Acton Park, Acton Park was originally the landscaped grounds of Acton Hall. It was laid out in 1785 by James Wyatt on the instructions of the owner Sir Foster Cunliffe. Llwyn Isaf, situated alongside Wrexham Guildhall, is a popular green area within the town centre. The green was originally the landscaped grounds of a mansion house known as Llwyn Isaf. It now lies at the centre of Wrexham's civic centre just off Queens Square. The Welsh Children in Need concert was held here in 2005, which included Bryan Adams and Katherine Jenkins. Erddig, Erddig Park is two miles (3 km) south of the town centre where the town meets the Clywedog Valley. The park is owned and managed by the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, National Trust, and is home to Erddig, Erddig Hall and its formal gardens.


Sport


Football

The town has a professional association football, football team,
Wrexham A.F.C. Wrexham Association Football Club ( cy, Clwb Pêl-droed Cymdeithas Wrecsam) is a Welsh professional association football Association football, more commonly known as simply football or soccer, is a team sport played with a sphere, spherica ...
, the oldest football club in Wales. Their home ground is the Racecourse Ground, the oldest international football ground in the World. Wrexham was the site of the headquarters of the Football Association of Wales from its formation in 1876 until relocation to Cardiff in 1991. Colliers Park has received a substantial investment to improve the facility, which was financed by FAW Wales and now recognised as a National Development Centre, complementing their existing facility in Newport, Wales, Newport. On 16 November 2020, it was confirmed that actors Ryan Reynolds and Rob McElhenney, through the RR McReynolds Company LLC, would be taking over the club after receiving the backing of the Wrexham Supporters Trust.


Rugby League

Until the end of 2016 the Racecourse stadium was home to the North Wales Crusaders who currently play in League 1 (rugby league), League 1 – Rugby Football League Championship Third Division, the third division of the sport in Britain. In 2011 North Wales were created following the folding of the Super League club Crusaders Rugby League, Crusaders RL. As of 2017, the club is based at the town's Queensway Stadium.


Rugby Union

The Racecourse Ground has in the past also served as the secondary home of the Scarlets, one of the four Welsh professional rugby union sides that compete in the Pro14. The Wales rugby union team have also played there on occasion. Wrexham is also home to rugby union team Wrexham RFC, a team affiliated to the Welsh Rugby Union. In 1931 nine northern Welsh clubs met at Wrexham to form the North Wales Rugby Union, Wrexham RFC were one of the founders. Rhos Rugby Club, one of Wrexham RFC's main rivals are also based just outside the town in the village of Rhosllanerchrugog. Rhos now have grown to match Wrexham's quality, making the rivalry even more intense than in previous years.


Other sports

* Athletics (sport), Athletics – Queensway International Athletics stadium in
Caia Park Caia Park (), or colloquially Caia or Queen's Park, is a local government community A community is a social unit The term "level of analysis" is used in the social sciences to point to the location, size, or scale of a research target. "Level ...
is Wrexham's second stadium after the Racecourse and has hosted the Welsh Open Athletics event in recent years. The stadium is also home to North Wales' largest athletics club, Wrexham Amateur Athletics Club. From 2017 it is home to rugby league side North Wales Crusaders. * Field hockey, Hockey – Plas Coch is home to the North Wales Regional Hockey Stadium, home of Wrexham Glyndwr HC, with seating for 200 spectators and floodlighting. * Leisure centres – Wrexham has 7 leisure centres: Chirk, Clywedog, Darland, Gwyn Evans(Gwersyllt), Plas Madoc, Queensway and Waterworld, which offer activities including swimming, aerobics, climbing walls and yoga. * Tennis – Wrexham is home to the North Wales Regional Tennis Centre, which plays host to a number of international competitions each year including the Challenger Series. The centre is a pay and play facility and is open 7 days a week to all members of the public. The centre is also home to the WLTA (Wrexham Lawn Tennis Association). * Golf – Wrexham has 4 golf courses: Moss Valley Golf Club, Plassey Golf Club, Wrexham Golf Club and Clays Farm Golf Club.


Religion


Parish Church of St. Giles

St. Giles is the Parish Church of Wrexham and is considered to be the greatest medieval church in Wales. It includes a colourful ceiling of flying musical angels, two early eagle lecterns, a window by the artist Edward Burne-Jones and the
Royal Welch Fusiliers The Royal Welch Fusiliers ( cy, Ffiwsilwyr Brenhinol Cymreig) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army and part of the Prince of Wales' Division, founded in 1689 shortly after the Glorious Revolution. In 1702, it was designated a fusilier ...
chapel. In the graveyard is the tomb of Elihu Yale who was the benefactor of Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, New Haven, Connecticut, United States and after whom Yale College Wrexham is named. As a tribute to Yale and his resting place, a scaled-down replica of the church tower, known as Wrexham Tower was constructed at Yale University. The tower appears in an 18th-century rhyme, as one of the Seven Wonders of Wales. In 2015, a first edition (1611) of the King James Bible (also known as the Authorized Version) was discovered in a cabinet by the Rector of the church.


St. Mary's Cathedral

The Roman Catholic Wrexham Cathedral, Cathedral of Our Lady of Sorrows in Regent Street is the main church of the Bishop of Wrexham, Diocese of Wrexham, which extends over all of North Wales. Built in 1857 at the height of the Gothic Revival, the cathedral was home to the Bishop of Menevia from 1898 until 1987, whose diocese covered all of Wales. However, in 1987 the Roman Catholic province of Wales was reconstructed, since which time the cathedral has been home to the Bishop of Wrexham. The cathedral is also home to the relic of Saint Richard Gwyn, Wrexham's patron saint. He was a Roman Catholic martyr in the 16th century and was hanged, drawn and quartered at Wrexham's Beast Market. He was canonised by
Pope Paul VI Pope Paul VI ( la, Paulus VI; it, Paolo VI; born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini, ; 26 September 18976 August 1978) was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the ...
in 1970. The current dean of the cathedral is Canon Fr. Simon Treloar.


Other denominations

Wrexham has a number of Nonconformity in Wales, non-conformist chapels and churches around the town, including a corps of The Salvation Army. The main Methodist church is Wrexham Methodist church, built in 1971 on the site of the former Brynyfynnon Chapel on Regent.Street. Wrexham had a church with a spire dedicated to and named after St. Mark in St. Mark's Road but it was demolished in 1960 after being declared unsafe and in danger of collapse due to inadequate foundations. A multi-storey car park named St. Mark's was erected on the site.


Education


Wrexham Glyndŵr University

Named after the 14th century scholar and last Welsh Prince of Wales,
Owain Glyndŵr Owain ap Gruffydd, lord of Glyndyfrdwy (c. 1359c. 1415), also known as Owain Glyndŵr or Glyn Dŵr (, en, Owen Glendower), was a Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a ...

Owain Glyndŵr
, Wrexham Glyndŵr University was formed when the North East Wales Institute (NEWI) was granted full university status in 2008. It consists of Plas Coch campus in the western part of the town and the North Wales School of Art and Design located on Regent Street. The institution was founded in 1887 as the Wrexham School of Science and Art. Glyndŵr remains an accredited institution of the University of Wales and offers both undergraduate and postgraduate degrees. Glyndŵr has approximately 8,000 full-time students and over 350 from outside the UK, although not all on the Wrexham campus.


Yale College (Coleg Cambria)

Yale College (now part of Coleg Cambria) is the main provider of adult education in Wrexham and is one of the largest colleges in Wales. As a tertiary college it also provides a wide range of higher education courses at its two campuses at Grove Park in the town centre and Bersham Road in southwest Wrexham. It was named after Elihu Yale, best known for being the prime benefactor of Yale University. It was founded in 1950 as a state school on a site at Crispin Lane. In 1973, as part of the conversion of local schools to the comprehensive system, it was renamed as Yale Sixth Form College and the pupils re-located to other schools. The Crispin Lane site was incorporated into NEWI (now Glyndŵr University) after the development of the Grove Park Campus. In 1998 Yale College took up residence in two sites across Wrexham: the faculty of engineering and construction at a site on Bersham Road, and a multi-purpose site in a redeveloped Grove Park campus. Over the next fifteen years the college grew. In 2013 Yale College was merged with Deeside College, Northope College, and Llysfasi College to form a new college, Coleg Cambria, under the leadership of the ex-Deeside principal David Jones. The merger officially took place on 1 August 2013. For the 2020–21 academic year, one of Coleg Cambria's Yale Grove Park Campus in Wrexham town centre, under went redevelopment. With a cost of £20 million, the new Hafod building is described to be a "commercial village" in Wrexham.


Schools

Wrexham has a number of primary and secondary schools. It has just one Welsh-speaking secondary school, Ysgol Morgan Llwyd. In 2003, three of the largest secondary schools, St David's School, Ysgol Bryn Offa and The Groves High School were merged to create two larger "super schools", Rhosnesni High School, and Ysgol Clywedog. Other large secondary schools Darland High School and Ysgol Bryn Alyn, were both built in 1958. Wrexham has become home to the first shared-faith school in Wales, St Joseph's Catholic and Anglican High School, Wrexham, St Joseph's. There are seven Welsh medium education, Welsh medium primary schools in Wrexham County Borough, two of which are located in Wrexham town (Ysgol Bodhyfryd CP and Ysgol Plas Coch CP). Ysgol Morgan Llwyd serves as the single Welsh medium secondary school for the county and is located in Wrexham.


Twin municipalities

* Iserlohn (Märkischer Kreis), Germany * Racibórz, Poland The town of Wrexham is twinned with the German district of Märkischer Kreis and the Polish town of Racibórz. The first twinning was established on 17 March 1970 between the former Kreis Iserlohn and Wrexham Rural District. Its early success ensured that, after local government reorganisation in both countries in the mid-seventies, the twinning was taken over by the new Councils of Märkischer Kreis and Wrexham Maelor Borough Council and, in 1996, by Wrexham County Borough Council. In 2001 Märkischer Kreis entered a twinning arrangement with Racibórz (Ratibor), a county in Poland, which was formerly part of Silesia, Germany. In September 2002, a delegation from Racibórz visited Wrexham and began initial discussions about possible co-operation which led, eventually, to the signing of Articles of Twinning between Wrexham and Racibórz in March 2004. The Wrexham area has strong historical links with Poland. Following World War II, many service personnel from the Free Polish armed forces who had been injured received treatment at Penley Polish Hospital. Many of their descendants remain in the area to this day.


Transport


Rail

Wrexham has four railway stations, Wrexham General, Wrexham Central, Gwersyllt and Ruabon. Until the early 1980s what is now platform 4 of Wrexham General, serving the Wrexham Central – Bidston service, was a separate station, Wrexham Exchange. There are plans in development for two new railway stations: Wrexham North and Wrexham South. ;Wrexham General was opened in 1846, rebuilt in 1912 and again in 1997. It has six platforms (four through, two terminal). Wrexham General is on two different lines, The Shrewsbury to Chester Line and the Borderlands Line both of which are run by Transport for Wales Rail, Transport for Wales. Wrexham General was also the base for the former train operating company Wrexham & Shropshire (the operating name of the Wrexham, Shropshire and Marylebone Railway Company). The company provided passenger train services from Wrexham via Shropshire to Marylebone station, London Marylebone on an open-access basis. Services started in 2008 with an agreement for a seven-year period. Wrexham & Shropshire began running services on 28 April 2008. Having decided they could not make the business profitable, the company ended services on 28 January 2011. All services that operate from Wrexham Central to Bidston also run through this station. A token Avanti West Coast service runs via Chester railway station, Chester and Crewe railway station, Crewe to London Euston railway station, London Euston. Whereas Transport for Wales operate a few direct services every weekday to . ;Wrexham Central , which is located on the Island Green retail park, is a small terminus station which is the southern terminus of the Wrexham to Bidston in Birkenhead Borderlands Line. Until the 1998 construction of the Island Green retail park, Wrexham Central station was located 50 metres further along the track. ;Gwersyllt is an unmanned halt which serves the Gwersyllt suburb of Wrexham. It is a stop on the Borderlands line between Wrexham General and Bidston. ;Ruabon is a bus and mainline rail interchange located in South Wrexham. It is the second busiest station in Wrexham after Wrexham General. It is located on the Shrewsbury to Chester line, Shrewsbury to Wrexham line between Chirk railway station, Chirk and Wrexham General. It now only has two through platforms, the former bay platforms long disused. The town centre is approximately 7 minutes away by train and 20 minutes by bus. Trains run hourly in each direction between Wrexham and Shrewsbury. Northbound trains usually continue beyond Wrexham to Chester railway station, Chester and Holyhead railway station, Holyhead (connecting with the ferries to Dublin Port) whereas, southbound trains usually continue via Shrewsbury railway station, Shrewsbury in all cases, and to either Cardiff Central railway station, Cardiff Central or Birmingham New Street railway station, Birmingham New Street.


Bus

Most buses are low-floor and with slightly elevated bus stops to allow easy access. A Wrexham bus station, bus terminal, the largest in north Wales, has been built in Wrexham, with a staffed information booth. The bus station serves local, regional and long-distance bus services. It is served by various bus companies, including Arriva Buses Wales, and Stagecoach Group, Stagecoach. Long-distance coaches are available to Edinburgh via Manchester, Bradford and Leeds and to London via Telford and Birmingham. The Wrexham Shuttle provides a link between Wrexham and the nearby industrial estate. The townlink bus connects the main bus station with Eagles Meadow shopping centre and Border retail park to the east and Wrexham General and Central stations with Plas Coch, Wrexham Central and Island Green shopping centres to the south and west of the town. Wrexham is served by the National Express coach network, which picks up from the Wrexham bus station. Wrexham use the distinctive yellow American Blue Bird Corp., Bluebird school buses.


Roads

The town centre is orbited by a ring road. The northern and eastern parts of the road are dualled between Rhosddu Road roundabout and Eagles Meadow. The A483 road, A483 is Wrexham's principal route. It skirts the western edge of the town, dividing it from the urban villages to the west. The road has connections with major roads (A55 road, A55(M53 motorway, M53), A5 road (Great Britain), A5(M54 motorway, M54)). The A5156 road (Great Britain), A5156 leads to the A534 and on to the Wrexham Industrial Estate. The A541 road is the main route into Wrexham from Mold and the town's western urban area. It connects to the B5101 road which eventually leads to the A5104 road to the east of Treuddyn in Flintshire.


Future development

Wrexham Council say they plan to carry out widespread works in the town centre over the next few years. There have been works carried out to Regent Street, Hope Street, Queen's Square, and Wrexham Bus Station, involving introduction of amenities and resurfacing. A new tourist information centre including a shop selling local produce, a cafe and event space was to open in Autumn 2020. Henblas Street, the site of the Techniquest re-location is currently re-developing a disused shopping area into a multi-purpose site including Sports Direct, eateries, housing and independent retail. The Diocese of St Asaph is currently in the process of refurbishing the old Burton's building to create a worship space, meeting rooms, office space, kitchen and hospitality areas and a base for social and community engagement. The Crown Buildings are currently undergoing a refurbishment project to become a community health and wellbeing centre including integrated office accommodation, completion expected by December 2021. The
Welsh Government The Welsh Government ( cy, Llywodraeth Cymru) is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved government of Wales. The government consists of ministers, who attend cabinet meetings, and Minister (government), deputy ministers who do not, and als ...
has acquired key sites to form part of the Wrexham Gateway Project to redevelop the Kop stand at the Racecourse Ground and upgrade the transportation network to support the upgrade in the sport and event facility.


People

*Jack Mary Ann – local folk hero who lived in the Top Boat House area of Broughton *Chris Bartley (rower), Chris Bartley – Olympic silver medallist rower. *William Davidson Bissett (1893–1971) – Scots-born Victoria Cross recipient. Cremated at Pentre Bychan. *Hannah Blore – Byte Class; Women's World Champion, 2005, 2008 *David Bower – deaf actor who is best known for his role as David, the younger brother of Charles, in the comedy Four Weddings and a Funeral. *Grahame Davies (1964– ) – poet *C. H. Dodd, Charles Harold Dodd (1884–1973) – eminent New Testament scholar and influential Protestant theologian *Percy Dodd, Percy William Dodd (1889–1931) – classics lecturer at the University of Leeds and captain in the West Yorkshire Regiment during the Great War *A. H. Dodd, Arthur Herbert Dodd (1891–1975) – Wales, Welsh historian and professor of history at University of Wales, Bangor, University College, Bangor *Dr Harold Drinkwater (1855–1925) – physician noted as a botanical artist *Dr Thomas Eyton-Jones (1832–1893) – medical professional *Rosemarie Frankland – Miss Wales 1961, 1st runner-up Miss Universe 1961, Miss United Kingdom 1961 and Miss World 1961. *Amy Guy gladiator 'SIREN' on the TV show of the same name. Member of the British Team in horse riding. Miss Wales 2004 Miss World Sport 2004. Miss United Kingdom 2005. *Saint Richard Gwyn – (1535–1584), Catholic martyr and Patron Saint of Wrexham *Edwin Hughes (soldier), Edwin Hughes – ("Balaclava Ned") (1830–1927), the last survivor of the Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaklava in the Crimea *Mark Hughes – former Wales international footballer and subsequently manager of Wales and several clubs *Dennis Taylor – ex-snooker World Champion, currently living in Llay. *Tom James – Olympic Gold Medallist Rower. *George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, George Jeffreys – (1645–1689), 'The Hanging Judge' of Acton Hall in
ActonActon may refer to: Places Antarctica * Mount Acton Australia * Acton, Australian Capital Territory, a suburb of Canberra * Acton, Tasmania, a suburb of Burnie * Acton Park, Tasmania, a suburb of Hobart, Tasmania, formerly known as Acton Canada ...
*Darren Jeffries – Hollyoaks actor *Dewi Penrhyn Jones – professional cricketer for Glamorgan C.C.C.2014. Born in Wrexham 1994 *Ewart Jones, Professor Sir Ewart Ray Herbert Jones FRS – chemist, inventor of the Jones oxidation, Waynflete Professorship, Waynflete Professor of Chemistry at Oxford University *Joey Jones – former Wales international footballer *Paul Jones (footballer, born 1986), Paul Jones – former Wales international football goalkeeper *Rob Jones (footballer, born 1971), Rob Jones – former footballer who played for Liverpool F.C. *Jason Koumas – former Wales international footballer *Charlie Landsborough – (born 1941), British country and folk musician and singer-songwriter *Tom Lawrence – Wales international footballer *David Lord (officer), David Lord – (1913–1944), Irish born holder of the Victoria Cross and Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Distinguished Flying Cross *Andrew Moore (rugby player), Andy Moore – Neath/Swansea Rugby Club & Wales International *Seb Morris – (racing driver), Also appeared as the face of Jack Wills Autumn/Winter 2013 campaign *Jonathon O'Dougherty – British National Ice Dance champion * J.G. Parry-Thomas, John Godfrey Parry-Thomas – (1884–1927), engineer and racing driver *Leigh Richmond Roose – former Wales international footballer *Leonard Rowland (1862–1939), mayor of Wrexham *Robbie Savage – former Wales international footballer *Andy Scott (guitarist), Andy Scott – guitarist with 1970s glam rock band The Sweet *Tim Vincent – former ''Blue Peter'' presenter and former ''Access Hollywood'' reporter. *Robert Waithman – (1764–1833), born in Wrexham, became Lord Mayor of London in 1823 *John Wilkinson (industrialist), John "Iron-Mad" Wilkinson – (1728–1808), son of Isaac, known for
Bersham Ironworks Bersham Ironworks were large ironworks at Bersham Bersham ( cy, Y Bers) is a small Welsh Welsh may refer to: Related to Wales * Welsh, referring or related to Wales * Welsh language, a Brittonic Celtic language of the Indo-European languag ...
in the town and producing cannons for the American civil war *Llŷr Williams – Welsh pianist, received the Outstanding Young Artist Award from MIDEM Classique and the International Artist Managers' Association *Mike Williams (journalist), Mike Williams – Welsh journalist, Editor in Chief of NME *Neco Williams – Liverpool and wales footballer *Elihu Yale – (1649–1721), businessman and benefactor of Yale University *Philip Yorke (antiquary), Philip Yorke – (1743–1804), antiquarian and writer, squire of
Erddig Erddig Hall () is a Grade-I listed National Trust property in Wrexham Wrexham ( ; cy, Wrecsam; ) is a large market town and the administrative centre of Wrexham County Borough Wrexham County Borough ( cy, Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam) is a L ...
*Neck Deep – Welsh pop punk band formed in 2012


References

{{Authority control Wrexham, Towns in Wrexham County Borough Towns of the Welsh Marches Market towns in Wales Towns with cathedrals in the United Kingdom The Lordship of Bromfield and Yale