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The Right Honourable (
abbreviation An abbreviation (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Re ...
: The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an
honorific An honorific is a title that conveys esteem, courtesy, or respect for position or rank when used in addressing or referring to a person. Sometimes, the term "honorific" is used in a more specific sense to refer to an honorary academic title. It i ...
style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style, the features that make a building or structure historically identifiable * Design, the process of creating something * Fashion, a prevailing mode of clothing ...
traditionally applied to certain persons and collective bodies in the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
, the former
British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ...

British Empire
and the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territorial evolution of the British Empire, territories of the British Empire. The chief ins ...

Commonwealth of Nations
. The term is predominantly used today as a style associated with the holding of certain senior public offices in the United Kingdom, Canada, and New Zealand. "Right" in this context is an
adverb An adverb is a word or an expression that modifies a verb A verb, from the Latin ''wikt:verbum#Latin, verbum'' meaning ''word'', is a word (part of speech) that in syntax conveys an action (''bring'', ''read'', ''walk'', ''run'', ''learn''), ...

adverb
meaning "thoroughly" or "very".


Major current title


United Kingdom

The prefix is customarily abbreviated to "The", always capitalised, in many cases, e.g. "
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
The Earl Mountbatten of Burma
", short for "The Right Honourable The Earl Mountbatten of Burma", but never abbreviated for
Privy Counsellors The Privy Council of the United Kingdom is a privy council, formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises Politics of the United Kingdom, senior politicians who are current o ...
for whom, however, abbreviation to "The Rt Hon." or "Rt Hon." is often used. The following persons are entitled to the style in a personal capacity: * Peers below the rank of
marquess A marquess (; french: marquis ), es, marqués, pt, marquês. is a nobleman Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below Royal family, royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy (class), arist ...
, i.e.
earl Earl () is a rank of the nobility in Britain. The title originates in the Old English word ''eorl'', meaning "a man of noble birth or rank". The word is cognate with the Scandinavia Scandinavia, Sami languages, Sami: ''Skadesi-suolu''/''S ...

earl
s,
viscount A viscount ( , for male) or viscountess (, for female) is a Title#Aristocratic titles, title used in certain European countries for a nobility, noble of varying status. In many countries a viscount, and its historical equivalents, was a non-her ...
s and
baron Baron is a rank of nobility Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately below Royal family, royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy (class), aristocracy. Nobility has often been an Estates of the ...

baron
s. The wife of a peer is accorded her husband's style by courtesy.
Duke Duke is a male title either of a monarch ruling over a , or of a member of , or . As rulers, dukes are ranked below s, s, s, s, and sovereign s. As royalty or nobility, they are ranked below princes of nobility and grand dukes. The title comes ...

Duke
s are styled "
The Most NobleForms of address used in the United Kingdom are given below. Terminology Abbreviations Several terms have been abbreviated in the tables below. The forms used in the table are given first, followed by alternative acceptable abbreviations in parent ...
" or "
His Grace His Grace or Her Grace is an English Style (manner of address), style used for various high-ranking personages. It was the style used to address List of English monarchs, Kings of England until Henry VIII of England, Henry VIII and the List of Scot ...
", and marquesses are styled "
The Most Honourable The prefix "The Most Honourable" is a that is used in several countries. In the , it precedes the name of a or marchioness. Overview In , , as well as their spouses, are entitled to be styled "The Most Honourable" upon receipt of the Jamaican ...
". If a duke or a marquess becomes a Privy Counsellor, they retain the higher style but may use the post-nominals of "PC" to indicate their Privy Council membership. (All this applies for men and women.) * Members of the
Privy Council of the United Kingdom The Privy Council of the United Kingdom, officially Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, or known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mai ...
, including current and former members of the
Cabinet of the United Kingdom The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is a group of the most senior ministers of the crown Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister of the reigning sovereign or viceroy A vic ...
, as well as some other senior ministers. *
Members of the Privy Council of Northern Ireland Member may refer to: * Military jury, referred to as "Members" in military jargon * Element (mathematics), an object that belongs to a mathematical set * In object-oriented programming, a member of a class ** Field (computer science), entries in a ...
The following persons are entitled to the style . The style is added to the name of the office, not the name of the person: * The Right Honourable
Lord Mayor Lord mayor is a title of a mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or ...
of
London London is the Capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a estuary down to the North Sea, and has b ...
* The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of
Cardiff Cardiff (; cy, Caerdydd ) is the capital city of Wales and a Local government in Wales, county. Officially known as the City and County of Cardiff, it is the United Kingdom's eleventh-largest city and the main commercial centre of Wales. Cardi ...

Cardiff
* The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of
Belfast Belfast ( ; , ) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. It is the 12th-largest city in the United Kingdom and the second-largest on the island of Ireland. It had a popul ...

Belfast
* The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of
York York is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United ...

York
* The Right Honourable
Lord Lyon King of Arms The Right Honourable the Lord Lyon King of Arms, the head of , is the most junior of the in Scotland and is the official with responsibility for regulating in that country, issuing new grants of arms, and serving as the judge of the , the ol ...
* The Right Honourable Lord Provost of
Edinburgh Edinburgh (; sco, Edinburgh; gd, Dùn Èideann ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the holding primary status in a , , , , or other , usually as its seat of the government. A capital is typically a that physically enc ...

Edinburgh
* The Right Honourable Lord Provost of
Glasgow Glasgow ( ; sco, Glesga; gd, Glaschu) is the most populous city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia'' ...

Glasgow
All other lord mayors are "
The Right WorshipfulHis Worship or Her Worship is an honorific prefix for mayors, Justice of the Peace, justices of the peace and magistrates in present or former Commonwealth realms. In spoken address, these officials are addressed as Your Worship or referred to as His ...
"; other lords provost do not use an honorific. By the 1920s, a number of city mayors, including the
Lord Mayor Lord mayor is a title of a mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or ...
of
Leeds Leeds is the largest city in the Ceremonial counties of England, county of West Yorkshire, England. Leeds is to the east of Bradford, north of Sheffield, south-west of York, and north-east of Manchester. The city forms the core of the City of ...

Leeds
, were unofficially using the prefix "The Right Honourable", and the matter was consequently raised in
Parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of ...

Parliament
. The Lord Mayor of
Bristol Bristol () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routle ...

Bristol
at present still uses the prefix "Right Honourable", without official sanction. The Chairman of the London County Council (LCC) was granted the style in 1935 as part of the celebrations of the
silver jubilee Silver jubilee marks a 25th anniversary An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that event. For example, the first e ...

silver jubilee
of King
George V George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. Born during the reign of his grandmother ...

George V
. The chairman of the
Greater London Council The Greater London Council (GLC) was the top-tier local government administrative body for Greater London Greater London is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of England that makes up the majority of the London region. Thi ...
, the body that replaced the LCC in 1965, was similarly granted the prefix until the GLC was abolished in 1986. Privy Counsellors are appointed for life by the monarch, on the advice of the prime minister. All members of the British Cabinet (technically a committee of the Privy Council) are appointed to the Privy Council, as are certain other senior ministers in the government, senior members of the
Shadow Cabinet#REDIRECT Shadow cabinet The shadow cabinet or shadow ministry is a feature of the Westminster system of government. It consists of a senior group of opposition spokespeople who, under the leadership of the parliamentary opposition, Leader of t ...
, and leaders of the major political parties. The Privy Council thus includes all current and former members of the
Cabinet of the United Kingdom The Cabinet of the United Kingdom is a group of the most senior ministers of the crown Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in Commonwealth realms to describe a minister of the reigning sovereign or viceroy A vic ...
, excepting those who have resigned from the Privy Council. The first ministers of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are also so appointed, as is the leader of the largest opposition party in the
Scottish Parliament The Scottish Parliament ( gd, Pàrlamaid na h-Alba ; : ''Scots Pairlament'') is the , legislature of . Located in the area of the capital city, , it is frequently referred to by the Holyrood. The Parliament is a democratically elected body ...

Scottish Parliament
. In order to differentiate peers who are Privy Counsellors—entitled to the honorific in both capacities—from those who are not, ''Debrett's Peerage'' rules that the
suffix In linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modeling them. The traditional areas of linguistic analysis include ...
"PC" should be added after the name.
Debrett's Debrett's () is a British professional coaching company, publisher and authority on etiquette and behaviour, founded in 1769 with the publication of the first edition of ''The New Peerage''. The company takes its name from its founder, John Deb ...
recommends the use of the post-nominal letters "PC" in a social style of address for a peer who is a Privy Counsellor.
This is not, however, considered correct by ''
Who's Who ''Who's Who'' (or "''Who is Who''") is the title of a number of reference publications, generally containing concise biography, biographical information on the prominent people of a country. The title has been adopted as an expression meaning a g ...
''. In the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporat ...
,
members Member may refer to: * Military jury, referred to as "Members" in military jargon * Element (mathematics), an object that belongs to a mathematical set * In object-oriented programming, a member of a class ** Field (computer science), entries in ...
are not permitted to address each other directly or name other members, but must instead address the Speaker and refer to each other indirectly by their job. A non-
Privy Council A privy council is a body that advises the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may refer to: ...
member is thus "my hon. Friend (the member for ''constituency'')" if in the same party as the person speaking, and "the hon. Member/Gentleman/Lady (the member for ''constituency'')" otherwise. ("Honourable" is abbreviated as "hon." in
Hansard ''Hansard'' is the traditional name of the transcripts of Parliamentary debates in Britain and many Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth countries. It is named after Thomas Curson Hansard (1776–1833), a London printer and publisher, who was t ...
.) "Honourable" becomes "right honourable" for those members entitled to this style, in particular Privy Counsellors. Members with government or opposition jobs may be referred to as such, for example "my right hon. Friend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer", "the right hon. Lady, the Leader of the Opposition", "his right hon. Friend, the Secretary of State for ''Department''", "the Secretary of State" (where this is unambiguous, such as while asking questions of a minister), or "the Prime Minister". Other honorifics were used for members in relevant professions until the custom was abolished in 2010 following a recommendation of the Modernisation Committee: * "(right) honourable and reverend" for clergy * "(right) honourable and gallant" for military officers * "(right) honourable and learned" for
barrister A barrister is a type of lawyer A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at law, barrister A barrister is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdiction (area), jurisdictions. Barristers mostly specialis ...

barrister
s Non-British Commonwealth-citizen judges appointed to the
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC) is the highest court of appeal for certain British territories, some Commonwealth countries and a few UK bodies. Established on 13 August 1833 to hear appeals formerly heard by the King-in-Cou ...
are also entitled to the honorific, although the appellation may be ignored in the judge's home country.


Collective entities

In the United Kingdom, "The Right Honourable" is added as a prefix to the name of various collective entities such as: * The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal (of the United Kingdom, etc.) in Parliament Assembled (the
House of Lords The House of Lords, formally The Right Honourable the Lords Spiritual and Temporal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Parliament assembled, is the of the . Membership is by , or . Like the , it meets in the . ar ...

House of Lords
) * The Right Honourable the Knights, Citizens and Burgesses (of the House of Commons/Commons House) in Parliament Assembled (the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporat ...
) (archaic, now simply The Honourable the Commons of the United Kingdom, etc.) * The Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty (the former
Board of Admiralty The Board of Admiralty was established in 1628 when Charles I put the office of Lord High Admiral into commission. As that position was not always occupied, the purpose was to enable management of the day-to-day operational requirements of the R ...
) * The Right Honourable the Lords of the Committee of the
Privy Council A privy council is a body that advises the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may refer to: ...
appointed for the consideration of all matters relating to Trade and Foreign Plantations (the
Board of Trade The Board of Trade is a British government body concerned with commerce and industry, currently within the Department for International Trade. Its full title is The Lords of the Committee of the Privy Council appointed for the consideration of a ...
) See also the collective use of "
the Most Honourable The honorific prefix "The Most Honourable" is a form of address that is used in several countries. In the United Kingdom, it precedes the name of a marquess or marchioness. Overview In Jamaica, Governor-General of Jamaica, Governors-General of Ja ...
", as in "The Lords of Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council" (the
Privy Council A privy council is a body that advises the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may refer to: ...
).


Canada

In Canada, occupants of only the three most senior public offices are styled as "The Right Honourable" ( in French). Formerly, this was by virtue of their appointment to the
Privy Council of the United Kingdom The Privy Council of the United Kingdom, officially Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, or known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mai ...
. However, Canadian appointments to the British Privy Council were ended by the government of
Lester Pearson Lester Bowles Pearson (23 April 1897 – 27 December 1972) was a Canadian scholar, statesman, soldier, and diplomat, who won the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish ...
. Currently, individuals who hold, or have held, one of the following offices are awarded the style of Right Honourable for life: *
Governor General of Canada The governor general of Canada (french: gouverneure générale du Canada) is the federal viceregal A viceroy () is an official who runs a polity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective i ...
*
Prime Minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ministre du Canada, link=no) is the first minister of the Crown '' File:서봉총 금관 금제드리개.jpg, The Seobongchong Golden Crown of Ancient Silla, which is 339th National Treasu ...
*
Chief Justice of Canada The chief justice of Canada (french: juge en chef du Canada) is the presiding judge of the nine-member Supreme Court of Canada Supreme may refer to: * Supreme (brand), a clothing brand based in New York * Supreme (comics), a comic book superhero ...
"The Right Honourable" is not to be confused with "His/Her Excellency", used by governors general during their term of office, or "
The Honourable The prefix The Honourable (or The Honorable in the United States and the Philippines), abbreviated to The Hon., Hon., or The Hon'ble, is an honorific Style (manner of address), style that is used before the names of certain classes of people ...
", used only while in office by provincial
premiers Premier is a title for the head of government in some countries, states and sub-national governments. A second in command to a premier is designated as a vice-premier or deputy premier. Examples by country The word comes from french "Premier mi ...
and cabinet ministers, and for life by
senators
senators
and members of the
Queen's Privy Council for Canada The 's Privy Council for Canada (QPC; french: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada)) during the reign of a king., sometimes called Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council (PC), is the full group of personal consultant ...
(chiefly cabinet ministers, as well as other figures such as party leaders or provincial premiers who may be appointed from time to time). The title may also be granted for life by the Governor General to eminent Canadians who have not held any of the offices that would otherwise entitle them to the style. This has been done on two occasions: to eight prominent political figures to mark the 125th anniversary of Canadian Confederation in 1992, and to longtime Member of Parliament
Herb Gray Herbert Eser Gray (May 25, 1931 – April 21, 2014) was a prominent Canadian politician. He served as a Member of Parliament for Windsor West for four decades, from 1962 to 2002; and consequently he is one of the longest serving Members of Parli ...
upon his retirement in 2002. Over the years, a number of prominent Canadians became members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and thus were entitled to use the style of Right Honourable, either because of their services in Britain (e.g. serving as envoys to London) or as members of the
Imperial War Cabinet The Imperial War Cabinet (IWC) was the British Empire's wartime coordinating body. It met over three sessions, the first from 20 March to 2 May 1917, the second from 11 June to late July 1918, and the third from 20 or 25 November 1918 to early Ja ...

Imperial War Cabinet
, or due to their prominence in the
Canadian Cabinet The Cabinet of Canada (french: Cabinet du Canada) is a body of ministers of the Crown that, along with the Canadian monarch, and within the tenets of the Westminster system, forms the government of Canada The Government of Canada (french: g ...
. These included all but three of Canada's early prime ministers ( Alexander Mackenzie,
John Abbott Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, (March 12, 1821 – October 30, 1893) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the third prime minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ministre du Canada, link=no) ...
, and
Mackenzie Bowell Sir Mackenzie Bowell (; December 27, 1823 – December 10, 1917) was a Canadian newspaper publisher and politician, who served as the fifth prime minister of Canada The prime minister of Canada (french: premier ministre du Canada, lin ...

Mackenzie Bowell
), who governed before the title was used domestically.


New Zealand

Previously in New Zealand the
prime minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
and some other senior cabinet ministers were customarily appointed to the
Privy Council of the United Kingdom The Privy Council of the United Kingdom, officially Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, or known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mai ...
and thus styled ''The Right Honourable''. In her resignation honours, the former prime minister
Helen Clark Helen Elizabeth Clark (born 26 February 1950) is a New Zealand politician who served as the 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1999 to 2008, and was the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme The United Nations D ...

Helen Clark
did not recommend the appointment of any new Privy Counsellors. In 2009 it was announced that her successor,
John Key Sir John Phillip Key (born 9 August 1961) is a New Zealand retired politician who served as the 38th prime minister of New Zealand from 2008 to 2016 and as Leader of the New Zealand National Party from 2006 to 2016. After resigning from both ...
, had decided not to make any further recommendations to
the Crown The Crown is the state (polity), state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their subdivisions (such as the Crown Dependencies, British Overseas Territories, overseas territories, Provinces and territorie ...

the Crown
for appointments to the Privy Council. In August 2010, the
Queen of New Zealand The monarchy of New Zealand is the constitutional A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents A precedent is a principle or rule established in a previous legal case A legal case is in a general ...
announced that, with immediate effect, individuals who hold, and those persons who after the date of the signing of these rules are appointed to, the following offices are awarded the style ''The Right Honourable'' for life: * the
Governor-General of New Zealand The governor-general of New Zealand ( mi, te kāwana tianara o Aotearoa) is the viceregal A viceroy () is an official who runs a polity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, wh ...
* the
Prime Minister of New Zealand The prime minister of New Zealand ( mi, Te pirimia o Aotearoa) is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-go ...
* the
Chief Justice of New Zealand The chief justice of New Zealand ( mi, Te Kaiwhakawā Tumuaki o Aotearoa) is the head of the New Zealand judiciary, and presides over the Supreme Court of New Zealand. The chief justice of New Zealand is also the chief justice of Tokelau. Bef ...
* the
Speaker of the New Zealand House of Representatives In New Zealand, the Speaker of the House of Representatives ( mi, Te Mana Whakawā o te Whare) is the presiding officer and highest authority of the New Zealand House of Representatives. The individual who holds the position is elected by member ...
This change was made because the practice of appointing New Zealanders to the Privy Council of the United Kingdom had ceased. However, the change had little immediate effect, as all but two of the holders or living former holders of the offices granted the style had already been appointed to the Privy Council. The living New Zealanders holding the style ''The Right Honourable'' as a result of membership of the Privy Council are: * Sir Geoffrey Winston Russell Palmer (1985) — prime minister * Jonathan Lucas Hunt (1989) — cabinet minister * (1989) — governor-general * (1990) — prime minister * James Brendan Bolger (1991) — prime minister * Sir Donald Charles McKinnon (1992) — deputy prime minister * Sir William Francis Birch (1992) — cabinet minister * Sir John Steele Henry (1996) — court of appeal justice * Sir Edmund Walter Thomas (1996) — supreme court justice * (1998) — prime minister * Winston Raymond Peters (1998) — deputy prime minister * Sir Douglas Arthur Montrose Graham (1998) — cabinet minister * Paul Clayton East (1998) — cabinet minister * Sir Kenneth James Keith (1998) — court of appeal justice * Sir Peter Blanchard (1998) — supreme court justice * Sir Andrew Patrick Charles Tipping (1998) — supreme court justice * Wyatt Beetham Creech (1998) — deputy prime minister * Dame Sian Seerpoohi Elias (1999) — chief justice * Simon David Upton (1999) — cabinet minister The living New Zealanders holding the style ''The Right Honourable'' for life as a result of the 2010 changes are:


Minor or historic title


Australia

In Australia, the
lord mayor Lord mayor is a title of a mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or ...
s of
Adelaide Adelaide ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually ...

Adelaide
,
Brisbane Brisbane ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller low ...

Brisbane
,
Hobart Hobart () is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

Hobart
,
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...

Melbourne
,
Perth Perth () is the list of Australian capital cities, capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia (WA). It is Australia's list of cities in Australia by population, fourth-most populous city, with a population of 2.1 mi ...

Perth
and
Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug The Darug or Dharug people are an Aboriginal Australian people, who share strong ties of kinship and, in Colonial Australia, pre-colonial times, survived as skilled hunters in family groups or clans, scattered througho ...

Sydney
are entitled to be styled "The Right Honourable" while in office. Historically, a number of Australians were entitled to the style as members of the
Privy Council of the United Kingdom The Privy Council of the United Kingdom, officially Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, or known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mai ...
. Appointment to the Australian equivalent of the Privy Council, the Federal Executive Council, does not entitle a person to the style. Typical appointees to the Imperial Privy Council included senior politicians and judges at state and federal level.
Malcolm Fraser John Malcolm Fraser (; 21 May 1930 – 20 March 2015) was an Australian politician who served as the 22nd prime minister of Australia, in office from 1975 to 1983 as leader of the Liberal Party of Australia The Liberal Party of Austral ...

Malcolm Fraser
in 1976 was the most recent prime minister to accept appointment to the Privy Council and thus to be styled "The Right Honourable". Of his 21 predecessors, only four were not members of the Privy Council –
Alfred Deakin Alfred Deakin (3 August 18567 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia. He was a leader of the movement for Federation of Australia, Federation, which occurred in 1901. During his three ter ...

Alfred Deakin
(declined appointment),
Chris Watson John Christian Watson (born Johan Cristian Tanck; 9 April 186718 November 1941), commonly known as Chris Watson, was an Australian politician who served as the third Prime Minister of Australia. He was the first Prime Minister from the Australian ...

Chris Watson
(never offered),
Arthur Fadden Sir Arthur William Fadden, (13 April 189421 April 1973) was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia from 29 August to 7 October 1941. He was the leader of the Country Party from 1940 to 1958. Fadden was born in Ing ...

Arthur Fadden
(accepted after leaving office), and
Gough Whitlam Edward Gough Whitlam (; 11 July 191621 October 2014) was the 21st prime minister of Australia The prime minister of Australia is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second highest official in the ex ...
(declined appointment). The last Governor-General to be entitled to the style was
Sir Ninian Stephen Sir Ninian Martin Stephen (15 June 1923 – 29 October 2017) was an Australian judge who served as the List of Governors-General of Australia, 20th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1982 to 1989. He was previously a Justice of the Hig ...
, who left office in 1988. The last active politician to be entitled to the style was
Ian Sinclair Ian McCahon Sinclair (born 10 June 1929) is a former Australian politician who served as leader of the National Party of Australia, National Party from 1984 to 1989. He was a government minister under six prime ministers, and later Speaker of t ...

Ian Sinclair
, who retired in 1998. The few Australian recipients of British peerages were also entitled to the style. Present-day Australian governments no longer recommend Australians for elevation to the peerage or appointment to the Privy Council. However, some present-day Australian citizens either hold hereditary peerages (e.g. Malcolm Murray, 12th Earl of Dunmore) or have been awarded
life peer In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefe ...
ages on the recommendation of the UK government (e.g. Trixie Gardner, Baroness Gardner of Parkes).


Ireland

Members of the Privy Council of Ireland were entitled to be addressed as ''The Right Honourable'', even after the Privy Council ceased to have any functions or to meet on the creation of the Irish Free State in December 1922. Nevertheless, the Lord Mayor of Dublin, like some of his counterparts in Great Britain, retained the use of the honorific style as a result of its having been conferred separately by legislation; in 2001 it was removed, as a consequence of local government law reform.


Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka (formerly known as British Ceylon, Ceylon) the British practice was followed with Ceylonese members of the
Privy Council of the United Kingdom The Privy Council of the United Kingdom, officially Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, or known simply as the Privy Council, is a formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mai ...
were styled ''The Right Honourable'' and were referred to as in Sinhala language, Sinhala. Ceylonese appointees to the privy council included D. S. Senanayake and John Kotelawala, Sir John Kotelawala.


See also

* His Eminence, Eminence * Excellency *
The Honourable The prefix The Honourable (or The Honorable in the United States and the Philippines), abbreviated to The Hon., Hon., or The Hon'ble, is an honorific Style (manner of address), style that is used before the names of certain classes of people ...
* The Much Honoured *
The Most Honourable The prefix "The Most Honourable" is a that is used in several countries. In the , it precedes the name of a or marchioness. Overview In , , as well as their spouses, are entitled to be styled "The Most Honourable" upon receipt of the Jamaican ...
* The Reverend * Style (manner of address)


Notes


References


External links


Privy Council members
{{DEFAULTSORT:Right Honourable Styles (forms of address)