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Styria (german: Steiermark ;
Croatian Croatian may refer to: *Croatia *Croatian cuisine *Croatian language *Croatian name *Croats, people from Croatia, or of Croatian descent *Citizens of Croatia, see demographics of Croatia See also

* Croatia (disambiguation) * Serbo-Croatian (di ...
and sl, ; hu, Stájerország) is a
state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ...
(''Bundesland'') in the southeast of
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastli ...

Austria
. With an area of , Styria is the second largest state of Austria, after
Lower Austria Lower Austria (german: Niederösterreich; : ''Niedaöstareich'', ''Niedaestareich'') is one of the nine , located in the northeastern corner of the country. Since 1986, the of Lower Austria has been , replacing which became a separate state in 1 ...
. Styria is bordered to the south by
Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: , abbr.: ''RS''), is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, lin ...

Slovenia
, and clockwise, from the southwest, by the Austrian states of
Carinthia Carinthia (german: Kärnten ; sl, Koroška ) is the southernmost Austrian state or ''Land''. Situated within the Eastern Alps Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the Alps, usually defined as the area east of a line from L ...
,
Salzburg Salzburg (, ; literally "Salt Castle"; bar, Soizbuag, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian) is the List of cities and towns in Austria, fourth-largest city in Austria. In 2020, it had a population of 156,872. The town is on the site of the ...
,
Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The Stat ...
,
Lower Austria Lower Austria (german: Niederösterreich; : ''Niedaöstareich'', ''Niedaestareich'') is one of the nine , located in the northeastern corner of the country. Since 1986, the of Lower Austria has been , replacing which became a separate state in 1 ...
, and
Burgenland Burgenland (; hu, Őrvidék; hr, Gradišće; Austro-Bavarian Austro-Bavarian (also known as Austrian or Bavarian; or ; german: Bairisch ) is a West Germanic language spoken in parts of Bavaria and most of Austria. Before 1945, Austro-Bava ...
. The state capital is
Graz Graz ( , ; sl, Gradec) is the capital city of the n state of and in Austria after . As of 1 January 2021, it had a population of 331,562 (294,236 of whom had principal-residence status). In 2018, the population of the Graz (LUZ) stood at 652 ...

Graz
.


Etymology

The
March of Styria The March of Styria (german: Steiermark), originally known as Carantanian march (''Karantanische Mark'', ''marchia Carantana'' after the former Slavs, Slavic principality of Carantania), was a southeastern March (territorial entity), frontier march ...
derived its name from the original seat of its ruling
Otakar Otakar is a masculine Czech given name of Germanic origin (cf. Audovacar Audovacar (from Proto-Germanic *''Audawakraz'') is a masculine Germanic name. Composed of the roots (wealth) and (awake), it may be translated "warden of riches" or "watch ...
dynasty:
Steyr Steyr (; Central Bavarian Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian language, Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and the German state of Bavaria along the Danube river, on the northern side of the ...

Steyr
, in today's
Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The Stat ...
. In German, the area is still called "Steiermark" while in English the Latin name "Styria" is used. The ancient link between Steyr and Styria is also apparent in their nearly identical coats of arms, a white
Panther Panther may refer to: Large cats * ''Pantherinae'', the cat subfamily that contains the genera ''Panthera'' and ''Neofelis'' **''Panthera'', the cat genus that contains tigers, lions, jaguars and leopards. *** Jaguar (''Panthera onca''), found in ...
on a green background.


Geography

* The term "
Upper Styria Upper Styria (german: Obersteiermark), in the Austrian usage of the term, refers exclusively to the northwestern, generally mountainous and well-wooded half of the States of Austria, federal state of Styria. The southwestern half of the state arou ...
" (german: Obersteiermark) refers to the northern and northwestern parts of the federal-state (districts
Liezen Liezen is a municipality in the Austrian federal state of Styria, district capital of the Liezen (district), district of the same name and economic center on the Enns River, River Enns. Population Politics Since 1995, the left-wing SPÖ party hav ...
,
Murau Murau is a town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares an origin with the ...
, Murtal,
Leoben Leoben () is a Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian and sl, ; hu, Stájerország, Austro-Bavarian: ''Steiamoak'') is a state (''Bundesland'') in the southeast of Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the& ...
, Bruck-Mürzzuschlag). * The term "Western Styria" (''Weststeiermark'') is used for the districts to the west of Graz (
Voitsberg Voitsberg () is a small city in the district of Voitsberg in Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian and sl, ; hu, Stájerország, Austro-Bavarian: ''Steiamoak'') is a state (''Bundesland'') in the southeast of Austria Austri ...
,
Deutschlandsberg Deutschlandsberg ( sl, Lonč) is a town in Deutschlandsberg (district), Deutschlandsberg district of Styria, Austria. It is located in southern Austria, near the border with Slovenia. It is approximately 35 km from Graz. Popular tourist attrac ...
, western part of the district
Leibnitz Leibnitz (Slovenian Slovene or Slovenian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Slovenia, a country in Central Europe * Slovene language, a South Slavic language mainly spoken in Slovenia * Slovenes, an ethno-linguistic group mainly l ...
). Because of the similar landscape with hills, valleys, wine and culture, the region in western Styria is also called "Styrian Tuscany". * The districts east of Graz ( Weiz, Hartberg-Fürstenfeld, and Südoststeiermark) are referred to as "Eastern Styria" (''Oststeiermark''). The western and eastern parts of the district
Graz-Umgebung Bezirk Graz-Umgebung is a Districts of Austria, district of the States of Austria, state of Styria in Austria. Since the 2015 Styria municipal structural reform, it consists of the following municipalities: * Deutschfeistritz * Dobl-Zwaring * Egge ...
(literally, ''surroundings'' of Graz) may or may not be considered parts of West and East Styria, respectively. The southern parts of the
Duchy of Styria The Duchy of Styria (german: Herzogtum Steiermark; sl, Vojvodina Štajerska; hu, Stájer Hercegség) was a duchy A duchy is a medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection ...
, which formed part of former
Yugoslavia Yugoslavia (; sh, Jugoslavija / ; sl, Jugoslavija ; mk, Југославија ;; rup, Iugoslavia; hu, Jugoszlávia; Pannonian Rusyn Image:Novi Sad mayor office.jpg, 250px, Mayor office written in four official languages used in the ...

Yugoslavia
and later
Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: , abbr.: ''RS''), is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, lin ...

Slovenia
(with the exception of World War II), were (and sometimes colloquially still are) referred to as "
Lower Styria Styria ( sl, Štajerska), also Slovenian Styria (''Slovenska Štajerska'') or Lower Styria (''Spodnja Štajerska''; german: Untersteiermark), is a traditional region in northeastern Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Re ...
" (''Untersteiermark''; sl, Štajerska).


History

Styria was inhabited by
Celtic The words Celt and Celtic (also Keltic) may refer to: Ethno-linguistics *Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: Second millennium B.C.E. to present ancestry: ...

Celtic
tribes. After its conquest by the
Romans Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, ...
, the eastern part of what is now Styria was part of
Pannonia Pannonia (, ) was a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as ...

Pannonia
, while the western one was included in
Noricum Noricum () is the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of t ...
. During the
Barbarian invasions The Migration Period or better known as the Barbarian Invasions (from the Roman and Greek perspective) was a period in the history of Europe, during and after the decline of the Roman Empire, decline of the Western Roman Empire, during which the ...
, it was conquered or crossed by the
Visigoths The Visigoths (; la, Visigothi, Wisigothi, Vesi, Visi, Wesi, Wisi) were an early Germanic people The Germanic peoples were a historical group of people living in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe between Western Europe a ...
, the
Huns The Huns were a nomadic people A nomad ( frm, nomade "people without fixed habitation") is a member of a community without fixed habitation which regularly moves to and from the same areas. Such groups include hunter-gatherers, pastoral ...

Huns
, the
Ostrogoths The Ostrogoths ( la, Ostrogothi, Austrogothi) were a Roman-era Germanic people Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, Germani) are a category of ancient northern European tribes, first mention ...
, the
Rugii The Rugii, Rogi or Rugians (Ancient Greek: ρογοί, ''Rogoi'') were a Roman-era Germanic peoples, Germanic people. They were first clearly recorded by Tacitus, in his ''Germania'' who called them the ''Rugii'', and located them near the sout ...

Rugii
, and the
Lombards The Lombards () or Langobards ( la, Langobardi) were a Germanic people The Germanic peoples were a historical group of people living in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe between Western Europe and Eastern Europe, based on ...
.
Slavs Slavs are an ethno-linguistic group of people who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic language, Balto-Slavic linguistic group of the Indo-European languages. They are native to Eurasia, stretching from Central Europe, ...

Slavs
under the domination of the
Avars Avar(s) or AVAR may refer to: Peoples and states * Avars (Caucasus), a modern Northeast Caucasian-speaking people in the North Caucasus, Dagestan, Russia **Avar language, the modern Northeast Caucasian language spoken by the Avars of the North Ca ...
settled in the valleys around 600. At the same time, Bavarians under
Frankish Frankish may refer to: * Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical Germanic peoples (from lat, Germani) are a category of ancient northern European tribes, first mentioned by Graeco-Roman author ...

Frankish
domination began to expand their area to the south and east, ultimately absorbing the Slavic population. In 1180, Styria separated from the
Duchy of Carinthia The Duchy of Carinthia (german: Herzogtum Kärnten; sl, Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy A duchy is a medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization a ...

Duchy of Carinthia
and became a Duchy of its own; in 1192 the Austrian Duke Leopold V became also Duke of Styria. Later, Styria formed the central part of
Inner Austria Inner Austria (german: Innerösterreich, sl, Notranja Avstrija, it, Austria Interiore) was a term used from the late 14th to the early 17th century for the Habsburg The House of Habsburg (; ; alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English; german: ...
. Styria developed culturally and economically under
Archduke John of Austria Archduke John of Austria (german: Erzherzog Johann Baptist Joseph Fabian Sebastian von Österreich; 20 January 1782 – 11 May 1859), a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, was an Austrian field marshal and imperial regent (''Reichsverwes ...
between 1809 and 1859. In 1918, after
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
, it was divided into a northern section (forming what is the current Austrian state), and a southern one, called
Lower Styria Styria ( sl, Štajerska), also Slovenian Styria (''Slovenska Štajerska'') or Lower Styria (''Spodnja Štajerska''; german: Untersteiermark), is a traditional region in northeastern Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Re ...
, now inhabited by Slovenians, and which was annexed to Yugoslavia, and later became part of Slovenia. As a result of the turbulence of the two world wars, the German-speaking population of
Lower Styria Styria ( sl, Štajerska), also Slovenian Styria (''Slovenska Štajerska'') or Lower Styria (''Spodnja Štajerska''; german: Untersteiermark), is a traditional region in northeastern Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Re ...
, which had been concentrated in the cities, migrated out of the region or was expelled.


Economy

View over the vineyards of Western Styria The
Gross domestic product Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary Image:National-Debt-Gillray.jpeg, In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contrasted with the beggar whose legs and arms were amputated, in the ...
(GDP) of the state was 49.6 billion € in 2018, accounting for 12.9% of the Austria's economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 35,400 € or 118% of the EU27 average in the same year. As elsewhere in the developed world, there has been a shift away from the
manufacturing sector In macroeconomics Macroeconomics (from the Greek prefix ''makro-'' meaning "large" + ''economics'') is a branch of economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production ...
towards the
service sector The tertiary sector of the economy, generally known as the service sector, is the third of the three economic sector Image:Economic sectors and income.JPG, 250px, This figure illustrates the percentages of a country's economy made up by differen ...
in Styria. This has had negative consequences for the industrial regions of upper Styria which have suffered a steady decline in population in recent years. In 2004, Styria had the strongest
economic growth Economic growth can be defined as the increase or improvement in the inflation-adjusted market value of the goods and services produced by an economics, economy over time. Statisticians conventionally measure such growth as the percent rate of i ...

economic growth
rate in Austria at 3.8%—mainly due to the Graz area which saw strong economic growth that year and has continued to grow in economic and population terms since then. Styria is home to more than 150
clean technology Clean technology, in short cleantech, is any process, product, or service that reduces negative environmental impacts through significant energy efficiency Energy efficiency may refer to: * Energy efficiency (physics), the ratio between the usefu ...
companies of which one dozen are world technology leaders in their field. The revenue of Styrian cleantech companies totals €2.7 billion. This equals 8 percent of the Gross Regional Product (GRP) and is one of the highest concentrations of leading clean technology companies in Europe. The companies have an average (real) growth rate of 22 percent per year—well above the worldwide cleantech market growth of 18 percent per year. The region created roughly 2,000 additional green jobs in 2008 alone. The
Formula One Formula One (also known as Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of international racing for single-seater An open-wheel car (formula car, or often single-seater car in British English) is a car with the wheels outside the car's main body ...
Austrian Grand Prix The Austrian Grand Prix (german: Großer Preis von Österreich) is a Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA; en, International Automobile Federation) is an association established ...
has been held in the region, first at the
Zeltweg Airfield Zeltweg Air Base, now known as Fliegerhorst Hinterstoisser, is a military airfield in Styria, Austria near Zeltweg. It is the main airfield of the Austrian Air Force. It was also used as a motor racing circuit in the 1960s. History The planning ...
in
1964 Events * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks t ...
and then at the
Osterreichring The Red Bull Ring is a motorsport race track Race, RACE or "The Race" may refer to: * Race (biology), an informal taxonomic classification within a species, generally within a sub-species * Race (human categorization) A race is a grouping ...

Osterreichring
from 1970 to 1987. The sport returned to the circuit, now redesigned and rebranded as the A1-Ring, from 1997 to 2003. Formula One once again returned to the circuit, now renamed the Red Bull Ring, in 2014 and has been held at the track every year since. The COVID-19 pandemic saw the 2020 Formula One calendar massively revised, resulting in the Red Bull Ring becoming the first circuit to host consecutive Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, with the first round running under the Austrian Grand Prix name and the second held as the Styrian Grand Prix. This continued in 2021.


Administrative divisions

The state is divided into 13
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic ...
(''Bezirke''), one of them a statutory city.


Statutory city

*
Graz Graz ( , ; sl, Gradec) is the capital city of the n state of and in Austria after . As of 1 January 2021, it had a population of 331,562 (294,236 of whom had principal-residence status). In 2018, the population of the Graz (LUZ) stood at 652 ...

Graz


Districts

* Bruck-Mürzzuschlag *
Deutschlandsberg Deutschlandsberg ( sl, Lonč) is a town in Deutschlandsberg (district), Deutschlandsberg district of Styria, Austria. It is located in southern Austria, near the border with Slovenia. It is approximately 35 km from Graz. Popular tourist attrac ...
*
Graz-Umgebung Bezirk Graz-Umgebung is a Districts of Austria, district of the States of Austria, state of Styria in Austria. Since the 2015 Styria municipal structural reform, it consists of the following municipalities: * Deutschfeistritz * Dobl-Zwaring * Egge ...
* Hartberg-Fürstenfeld *
Leibnitz Leibnitz (Slovenian Slovene or Slovenian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Slovenia, a country in Central Europe * Slovene language, a South Slavic language mainly spoken in Slovenia * Slovenes, an ethno-linguistic group mainly l ...
*
Leoben Leoben () is a Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian and sl, ; hu, Stájerország, Austro-Bavarian: ''Steiamoak'') is a state (''Bundesland'') in the southeast of Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the& ...
*
Liezen Liezen is a municipality in the Austrian federal state of Styria, district capital of the Liezen (district), district of the same name and economic center on the Enns River, River Enns. Population Politics Since 1995, the left-wing SPÖ party hav ...
(with the subdistrict Gröbming) *
Murau Murau is a town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares an origin with the ...
* Murtal * Südoststeiermark *
Voitsberg Voitsberg () is a small city in the district of Voitsberg in Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian and sl, ; hu, Stájerország, Austro-Bavarian: ''Steiamoak'') is a state (''Bundesland'') in the southeast of Austria Austri ...
* Weiz


Politics

The state had been a stronghold of the
right-wing Right-wing politics is generally defined by support of the view that certain social order The term social order can be used in two senses: In the first sense, it refers to a particular system of social structures and institution Instit ...
Austrian People's Party The Austrian People's Party (german: Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) is a Christian-democratic Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well ...
(ÖVP) since 1945. However, Graz is markedly more
left-wing Left-wing politics support social equality Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social in ...
than the rural districts of the province. The governor (Austrian political term: ''
Landeshauptmann Landeshauptmann (if male) or Landeshauptfrau (if female) (, "state captain", plural ''Landeshauptleute'') is the chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board Boar ...
'') of Styria has typically been a ÖVP candidate. In the 2021 municipal election in Graz, the KPÖ surprisingly took over first place from the ÖVP, thus pushing long-time mayor Siegfried Nagl (ÖVP) out of office. The result caused a sensation internationally.
Elke Kahr Elke Kahr (born 2 November 1961) is an Austrian politician of the Communist Party of Austria The Communist Party of Austria (german: Kommunistische Partei Österreichs, KPÖ) is a communist party A communist party is a left-wing political ...
led the KPÖ for a third time in the 2021 Graz local election. Despite opinion polling suggesting a victory for the ruling
Austrian People's Party The Austrian People's Party (german: Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) is a Christian-democratic Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well ...
(ÖVP), the KPÖ became the largest party with 28.8% of votes and 15 seats. After the election, the KPÖ entered into coalition talks with the
Greens Greens may refer to: *Leaf vegetable Leaf vegetables, also called leafy greens, salad greens, pot herbs, vegetable greens, or simply greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. Althou ...
and
SPÖ The Social Democratic Party of Austria (german: Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ), founded and known as the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria (german: link=no, Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei Österreichs, SDAPÖ) until ...
. On November 13, 2021, the KPÖ, the Greens and the SPÖ announced their coalition: Graz gets a communist mayor with Elke Kahr.


Recent elections

In the 2005 elections for state parliament the
Social Democrats Social democracy is a Political philosophy, political, Social philosophy, social, and economic philosophy within socialism that supports Democracy, political and economic democracy. As a policy regime, it is described by academics as advocatin ...
(SPÖ) under their regional chairman
Franz Voves
Franz Voves
won the majority after the ÖVP had damaged its credibility through scandals and the secession of a high-ranking party member who took part in the 2005 elections after setting up his own party. In these elections, the KPÖ also received many votes after it had gained much popularity through its role in local politics in Graz during the preceding few years. The two
right-wing populist Right-wing populism, also called national populism and right-wing nationalism, is a political ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition abo ...
parties, the
Freedom Party of Austria The Freedom Party of Austria (german: Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) is a Right-wing populism, right-wing populist and National conservatism, national-conservative list of political parties in Austria, political party in Austria. It w ...
(FPÖ) and the
Alliance for the Future of Austria The Alliance for the Future of Austria (german: Bündnis Zukunft Österreich; BZÖ) is a right-wing populist, national conservative political party in Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (g ...
(BZÖ), failed to win seats. In subsequent elections in 2010 and 2015, the Social Democrats, the Austrian People's Party, and the Communist Party each lost between one fourth and one third of their shares of the vote relative to 2005. The Freedom Party grew from 4.6 percent to 26.8 percent. The current government of Styria is a coalition of Social Democrats and People's Party, with each party holding 4 seats of the 8 seats available. The governor,
Hermann Schützenhöfer Hermann Schützenhöfer (; born February 29, 1952 in Edlitz, Lower Austria) is governor of the Austrian province Styria and chairman of the Styrian Austrian People's Party, People's Party (STVP/ÖVP) since 2006. Life Schützenhöfer grew up in Edl ...
, is a representative of the People's Party. His deputy, Michael Schickhofer, is a Social Democrat.


Notable people

*
Palman Palman (Serbian Cyrillic The Serbian Cyrillic alphabet ( sr, српска ћирилица/''srpska ćirilica'', pronounced ) is an adaptation of the Cyrillic script , bg, кирилица , mk, кирилица , russian: кириллица ...
(fl. 1310–1363), knight and mercenary commander of the
Serbian Empire The Serbian Empire ( sr, / , ) was a medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affa ...

Serbian Empire
*
Johann Joseph Fux Johann Joseph Fux (; c. 1660 – 13 February 1741) was an Austrian composer, music theorist Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, rh ...

Johann Joseph Fux
(1660–1741), composer and music theorist, wrote ''Gradus ad Parnassum'' – a composition manual used by Beethoven and Mozart *
Archduke John of Austria Archduke John of Austria (german: Erzherzog Johann Baptist Joseph Fabian Sebastian von Österreich; 20 January 1782 – 11 May 1859), a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine, was an Austrian field marshal and imperial regent (''Reichsverwes ...
(1782–1859) *
Peter Rosegger Peter Rosegger (original ''Roßegger'' ) (31 July 1843 – 26 June 1918) was an Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East ...
(1843–1918), honoured poet *
Johann Puch Johann Puch, sl, Janez Puh (27 June 1862 – 19 July 1914) was a Slovene Slovene or Slovenian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Slovenia, a country in Central Europe * Slovene language, a South Slavic language mainly spoken in S ...
(1862–1914), founded Johann
Puch Puch () is a manufacturing Manufacturing is the creation or Production (economics), production of goods with the help of equipment, Work (human activity), labor, machines, tools, and chemical or biological processing or formulation. It is th ...

Puch
Erste Steiermärkische Fahrrad-Fabriks-Aktiengesellschaft at Graz in 1899. *
Robert Stolz Robert Elisabeth Stolz (25 August 188027 June 1975) was an Austrian songwriter A songwriter is a musician A musician is a person who Composer, composes, Conducting, conducts, or Performing arts, performs music. According to the United Sta ...
(1880-1975), composer born in Graz *
Karl Böhm Karl August Leopold Böhm (28 August 1894, in Graz – 14 August 1981, in Salzburg) was an Austrian Conducting, conductor. He was best known for his performances of the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Mozart, Richard Wagner, Wagner and Richard ...
, (1894-1981), conductor *
Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn Erik Maria Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn (, born July 31, 1909 in Tobelbad, Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian and sl, ; hu, Stájerország, Austro-Bavarian: ''Steiamoak'') is a state (''Bundesland'') in the southeast of Austria ...
(1909-1999), political scientist * Bert Isatitsch (1911–1994), first president of the
International Luge Federation The International Luge Federation (French language, French: Fédération Internationale de Luge de Course (FIL); German language, German: Internationaler Rennrodelverband) is the main international federation for all luge sports. Founded by 13 na ...
*
Frank Stronach Frank Stronach, (born 6 September 1932) is an Austrian and Canadian businessman and politician. He is the founder of Magna International, an international automotive parts company based in Aurora, Ontario, Canada, Granite Real Estate, and St ...

Frank Stronach
(b. 1932), founder of
Magna International Magna International Inc. is a Canadian mobility technology company for automakers. Magna is currently investing heavily in AI, and Level 5 Automation. It is one of the largest companies in Canada and was recognized on the 2020 ''Forbes ''Fo ...
, billionaire *
Jochen Rindt Karl Jochen Rindt (; 18 April 1942 – 5 September 1970) was a German-born racing driver who competed with an Austrian license during his career, despite having German and not Austrian citizenship. In , he was killed during practice for the It ...
(1942–1970), Formula 1 World Champion * Dr. Helmut Marko (b. 1943), former racing driver *
Dietrich Mateschitz Dietrich Mateschitz ( hr, Matešić; born 20 May 1944) is an Austrian billionaire A billionaire is a person with a net worth of at least 1,000,000,000, one billion (1,000,000,000, i.e. a thousand million) units of a given currency, usually of ...
(b. 1944), founder and CEO of
Red Bull Red Bull is an energy drink sold by Red Bull GmbH, an Austria, Austrian company created in 1987. Red Bull has the highest market share of any energy drink in the world, with 7.5 billion cans sold in a year (). Austrian entrepreneur Dietrich ...
, billionaire *
Klaus Maria Brandauer Klaus Maria Brandauer (; born Klaus Georg Steng; 22 June 1943) is an Austrian actor and director. He is also a professor at the Max Reinhardt Seminar The Max Reinhardt Seminar (Reinhardt Seminar) is the School of Drama at the University of Musi ...
(b. 1944), actor and director *
Elfriede Jelinek Elfriede Jelinek (; born 20 October 1946) is an Austrian playwright and novelist. She is one of the most decorated authors writing in German today and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2004 for her "musical flow of voices and counter- ...
(b. 1946), Nobel Prize in Literature winner *
Arnold Schwarzenegger Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (; ; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, producer, businessman, retired bodybuilder, and former politician who served as the 38th governor of California from 2003 to 2011. As of , he is the most r ...

Arnold Schwarzenegger
(b. 1947), bodybuilder, film actor and former
Governor of California The governor of California is the head of government of the U.S. state of California. The governor is the commander-in-chief of the California National Guard and the California State Guard. Established in the Constitution of California, the go ...
* Hugo Eberhardt (1948) (b. 1948), leader in the field of technical safety * Getty Kaspers (b. 1948), lead vocals of
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...

Dutch
band
Teach-In A teach-in is similar to a general educational forum on any complicated issue, usually an issue involving current political affairs. The main difference between a teach-in and a seminar A seminar is a form of academic instruction, either at an a ...
, who won the 1975 Eurovision Song Contest. *
Eva Rueber-Staier Eva Rueber-Staier (sometimes spelled Eva Reuber-Staier) (born 20 February 1951) is an Austrian actress, TV host, model and beauty queen who won Miss World 1969. Rueber-Staier was born in 1951 in Bruck an der Mur, Styria. She won the title of Mis ...
(b. 1951), Miss Austria 1969, Miss World 1969 *
Wolfgang Muthspiel Wolfgang Muthspiel (born 2 March 1965) is an Austrian jazz guitarist and record label owner. He is the brother of musician Christian Muthspiel. Music career When he was six, he began playing violin, and at fourteen he moved on to classical guitar ...

Wolfgang Muthspiel
(b. 1965), jazz composer and guitarist *
Ulla Weigerstorfer Ulla Weigerstorfer (born Ulrike Weigerstorfer 16 August 1967 in Bad Aussee Bad Aussee (Central Bavarian Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian language, Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and ...
(b. 1967), Miss Austria 1987 and Miss World 1987 *
Thomas Muster Thomas Muster (born 2 October 1967) is an Austrian former List of ATP number 1 ranked singles tennis players, world No. 1 tennis player. One of the world's leading clay court players in the 1990s, he won the 1995 French Open – Men's Singles, 1 ...

Thomas Muster
(b. 1967), former World No. 1 tennis player *
Renate Götschl Renate Götschl (born 6 August 1975 in Judenburg, Austria) is a former champion alpine skiing, alpine ski racer. She is a two-time individual List of Alpine Skiing World Champions, World Champion in the alpine skiing combined, combined (FIS Alpine ...
(b. 1975), alpine skiing World Champion *
Elisabeth Görgl Elisabeth Görgl (born 20 February 1981) is a retired FIS Alpine Ski World Cup, World Cup Alpine skiing, alpine ski racer from Austria. Born in Bruck an der Mur, Styria, Görgl made her World Cup debut in March 2000 and has reached World Cup pod ...

Elisabeth Görgl
(b. 1981), professional alpine skier * Christoph Strasser (b. 1982), champion ultra cyclist * Conchita Wurst (b. 1988), singer and winner of the Eurovision Song Contest 2014


See also

*
Lower Styria Styria ( sl, Štajerska), also Slovenian Styria (''Slovenska Štajerska'') or Lower Styria (''Spodnja Štajerska''; german: Untersteiermark), is a traditional region in northeastern Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Re ...


References


External links


Imperial Austria: Treasures of Art, Arms and Armor from the State of Styria – The Canadian Museum of Civilization

Official Tourism Website of Styria
{{Styria Styria, States of Austria Divided regions NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union Wine regions of Austria