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Streeterville is a in the of , United States, north of the . It is bounded by the river on the south, the portion of on the west, and on the north and east, according to most sources, although the City of Chicago only recognizes a small portion of this region as Streeterville. Thus, it can be described as the Magnificent Mile plus all land east of it. The tourist attraction of extends out into the lake from southern Streeterville. The majority of the land in this neighborhood is reclaimed . Named for , the neighborhood contains a combination of hotels, restaurants, professional office centers, residential high rises, universities, medical facilities, and cultural venues. The area has undergone increased development in the early 21st century as numerous empty lots in Streeterville have been converted into commercial and residential properties, especially in the southern part of the neighborhood. The neighborhood had earlier experienced booms following and .


History

Before the American settlement of the Chicago area, the lake shoreline fluctuated from year to year as storm waves parts of the shore and built up the shore elsewhere. By 1803, when American troops started the construction of , a blocked the mouth of the river causing it to jog southwards and enter at about the level of present-day . When surveyed in 1821 the Lake Michigan shoreline north of the river ran approximately along what is now North Saint Clair Street, just to the east of what is now . In 1834, after a number of failed attempts to cut through the sandbar at the mouth of the river, a was built to protect a channel cut through the bar. and sand accumulated north of this pier, creating usable land that was later nicknamed "The Sands". s and a district encroached on the district, causing angst among the property owners. In 1857, evicted these trespassers from the land. In the late 1880s, claimed that his newly acquired boat struck a sandbar just off the Chicago shoreline during a storm.Salzmann, Joshua,''Journal of Illinois History'', Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, Autumn 2006, pg.201 Vol. 9 Number 3 Landfill dumped in an effort to create land on which to build by the Lincoln Park Board created of new land along the lake front, which Streeter attempted to claim. Streeter claimed that this newly created land was his and that it was an independent territory which he called the District of Lake Michigan. For the next few decades, Streeter persisted in his claims, sometimes supporting them through criminal means. A witness in Streeter's 1902 land fraud trial testified that Streeter had purposely set out to contest the claims of the wealthy shoreline owners. Contractor Hank Brusser told the court that Streeter asked him to fill in portions of the shoreline in order to create confusion over land titles. According to Brusser, Streeter said that: "They he owners of the shorelinewill have to buy us off" and that "We'll get a million out of it".Clash in Streeter Trial, ''The Chicago Tribune'', page 7 column 3, July 10, 1902 Streeter was also motivated by the profit he gained by selling and taxing the land he claimed.True Bills for Capt. Streeter, ''The Chicago Tribune'', page 3 column 1, February 1, 1902 The local press became enamored with the story of Streeter's brash personality and his self-proclaimed district. Mayor tried to the Streeters for selling liquor, and after several eviction attempts and gun battles, Streeter landed in jail. In 1918, the courts ruled against his claim of sovereignty. Today, the district is home to some of the most expensive real estate in Chicago. The 1920 opening of the , which was part of the efforts to enact the of 1909, as well as the economic boom of the 1920s, brought wealth to the eastern sector of the Near North Side and paved the way for a luxury shopping district on North Michigan Avenue. Investors built high-rise apartment buildings such as those in the , and elaborate hotels. The Bridge connected to a North Michigan avenue that served as a replacement for the former Pine Street which hosted warehouses and factory buildings near the river, and large mansions and rowhouses in northward sections in the neighborhoods of McCormickville and Streeterville. Magnificent Mile architecture during the economic boom of the 1920s emphasized architectural styles such as , , and vertical-style . The buildings redefined the Chicago skyline with stylistic variation that gave new meaning to urban context and design compatibility. A post-World War II construction surge occurred in the area, and in the 1950s the city pursued a plan of urban renewal. A local real estate developer named led the revitalization of North Michigan Avenue under the banner of “The ”. The success of this effort spurred the erection of more high-rise apartments and new investment in the Near North Side. This development led to the "canyonization" of Michigan Avenue, where the buildings on both sides of the street tower above, creating an "".


Today

While Streeterville is generally bounded on the west by the Magnificent Mile, the City of Chicago and the Streeterville Organization of Active Residents, claim the boundary extends one block further to the west to . Streeterville includes some of Chicago's tallest , such as the , and upscale stores, hotels, and restaurants. Although its main campus is in , . The Northwestern University is on the Chicago campus and is adjacent to several closely affiliated hospitals, including , the , the , and the . The opened in October 2007, and the opened in May 2012. The is located in Streeterville and construction of a replacement facility, also in Streeterville, was begun in 2013. The and part of its are nearby. The is at Chicago Avenue and , adjacent to Lake Shore Park and . In the western end of the park is the . The downtown campus of the has a setting to the south. The east side of the Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue is part of Streeterville, as are , the most visited attraction in Chicago, and the , the eighth-most visited attraction in Chicago. The area east of and north of the Chicago River had a split personality for much of the 20th century - the northern portion upscale residential, retail, and university uses and the area near the and dedicated to shipping and factories. At the end of the 1960s, however, residential complexes such as (1965) and McClurg Court Center (1971) began to appear among the warehouses and by the end of the century, residential and retail dominated the entire area. The neighborhood now has a reputation as part of an upscale residential strip that balances the more industrial western portion of the Near North Side. In 2007, construction started on what would have been Chicago's tallest skyscraper, the . It was to be located in the southeastern corner of the neighborhood, next to . The Chicago Spire was originally supposed to be completed in 2010, but was later cancelled. In the early 21st century, much of the southern part of the neighborhood that had previously contained warehouses and empty lots has undergone development, including the east of . The River East Art Center serves as the primary retail hub apart from the Magnificent Mile. South Streeterville currently has numerous skyscrapers that are either proposed or already under construction such as a new tower at and 500 North Lake Shore. Streeterville hosts several landmarks and places that have been designated as historic districts. The , which consists of a row of early 20th century luxury apartments, sits on the northern edge of the district opposite Lake Michigan. The is located along Michigan Avenue where Streeterville meets the border of the and neighborhoods at . The Water Tower District contains the only public buildings that survived the . Also, part of the lies within Streeterville at the southern end of the Magnificent Mile and contains numerous s and skyscrapers built in the 1920s.Wagner, Robert. (February 3, 1978
National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Michigan–Wacker Historic District
, National Park Service, p.11
The neighborhood hosts several individual landmarks. The neighborhood hosts a , the , the home of the first in Chicago. Properties in the neighborhood listed in the include , the , the , the , the and the . Other in the neighborhood include , , , , and the . Notable buildings in the district include the skyscrapers on the Magnificent Mile: : () : () : () : () : () : () : () : (). Non-Michigan Avenue skyscrapers in the neighborhood include the following: : () : () : () : () : () : () : () : () : (). : (837 feet (255 m)) Some of the notable buildings in the district that have not been designated are and . The neighborhood hosts more than 25 hotels, including the only three s in the , the , , and the Chicago as well as the historic Drake Hotel. Two of these host the highest rated s in Illinois.


Economy

operates an office in Suite 1310 at the . ' offices were on the 15th and 16th floors of until 2012. Several consulates are in Streeterville. Countries with consulates include , , , , , , , and .


Education

(CPS) operates public schools. serves the community, for grades K-8. Streeterville residents are zoned to . Any graduate from Ogden's 8th grade program may automatically move on to the 9th grade at Ogden, but students who did not graduate from Ogden's middle school must apply to the high school.


Transportation

Streeterville is accessible via with multiple direct exits in both directions. In addition, the has stops at and stations on the , which runs along immediately to the west of the neighborhood. From the the Ohio Street exit feeds into Streeterville. Numerous bus routes run within the neighborhood, notably along Michigan Avenue, Grand Avenue, and Chicago Avenue. During warm-weather months, water taxis and sightseeing boats ply the Chicago River along the south edge of the neighborhood and Navy Pier handles similar Lake Michigan water traffic.


Healthcare

The Streeterville neighborhood also contains many healthcare facilities that are based around the . Feinberg's main hospital is the with a variety of specialty hospitals also in the neighborhood including the , , and . In addition to the hospital buildings, the neighborhood contains a variety of medical research buildings that supplement patient care at the hospitals.


See also

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Notes


External links


Streeterville Chamber of CommerceHerbal Supplement ReviewStreeterville Organization of Active ResidentsLiving in StreetervilleHealth Supplements
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