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The Order of Sikatuna ( fil|Orden ni Sikatuna) is the national order of diplomatic merit of the Republic of the Philippines. It is conferred upon individuals who have rendered exceptional and meritorious services to the Republic of the Philippines, upon diplomats, officials and nationals of foreign states who have rendered conspicuous services in fostering, developing and strengthening relations between their country and the Philippines, or upon personnel of the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA), both in the Home Office and in the Foreign Service. The Order of Sikatuna may be awarded by the Secretary of Foreign Affairs in the name and by authority of the President.

History

The Order of Sikatuna was established by President Elpidio Quirino as the "Order of Sikatuna" through Executive Order No. 571 dated February 27, 1953. Section 2 of the executive order states, "The Order of Sikatuna ..commemorates the first treaty (Pacto de Sangre) between the Philippines and a foreign country..." In the Quirino order, the Order of Sikatuna commemorates the ''pacto de sangre'' or blood compact, more popularly known as sandugo. This was, according to the Executive Order, the first international treaty of friendship between Bohol native chieftain, Datu Sikatuna and Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, between a Filipino and Spaniard. Lately, however, the Executive Order's premise has been put to question. The event was not the first blood compact since the first recorded happened 44 years before between Ferdinand Magellan, representing the Spanish crown, and ''raia'' Siaiu, king of the island-port of Mazaua. Magellan called the ceremony "casi casi", a Malayan term meaning "to be one and the same thing" or to be blood brothers. At the same time the first recorded Treaty of Peace was entered into on Tuesday, April 9, 1521 by datu Humabon of Cebu and Magellan. The Order of Sikatuna's composition was expanded from the original four classes by Presidents Diosdado Macapagal and again by Ferdinand E. Marcos. In 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo reformed the Philippine system of orders, medals, and decorations, through Executive Order No. 236, known as the Honors Code of the Philippines which codified the civilian orders, decorations and medals of the Republic of the Philippines. Among its provisions was one renaming the order as simply, "The Order of Sikatuna," and clarifying its protocolar standing.

Ranks

*Grand Collar (GCS) (''Raja'') – Conferred upon a former or incumbent Head of State and/or of government *Grand Cross (GCrS) (''Datu'') – The Grand Cross shall have two distinctions: (i) Gold (Katangiang Ginto) and (ii) Silver (Katangiang Pilak). The Grand Cross may be conferred upon a Crown Prince, Vice President, Senate President, Speaker of the House, Chief Justice or the equivalent, foreign minister or other official of cabinet rank, Ambassador, Undersecretary, Assistant Secretary, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing *Grand Officer (GOS) (''Maringal na Lakan'') – Conferred upon a Chargé d'affaires, e.p., Minister, Minister Counselor, Consul General heading a consular post, Executive Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing *Commander (CS) (''Lakan'') – Conferred upon a Chargé d'affaires a.i., Counselor, First Secretary, Consul General in the consular section of an Embassy, Consular officer with a personal rank higher than Second Secretary, Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing *Officer (OS) (''Maginoo'') – Conferred upon a Second Secretary, Consul, Assistant Director, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing *Member (MS) (''Maharlika'') – Conferred upon a Third Secretary, Vice Consul, Attaché, Principal Assistant, or other person of a rank similar or equivalent to the foregoing

Awardees



Ambassadors

*Aftab Ahmad Khan - Ambassador of Pakistan to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1986. * - Ambassador of Spain to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1986. *Aftab Ahmad Khan - Ambassador of Pakistan to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1986. *Stephen W. Bosworth - Ambassador of the United States to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1987. *Pasi Rutanen - Ambassador of Finland to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1987. *Knut Mørkved - Ambassador of Norway to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1987. *Kiyoshi Sumiya - Ambassador of Japan to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1988. * - Ambassador of Germany to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1989. *Bruno Torpigliani - Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1990. *Tsuneo Tanaka - Ambassador of Japan to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1990. *Nicholas Platt - Ambassador of the United States to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1991. *Edward Lee Kwong Foo - Ambassador of Singapore to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1993. *Rodolfo Severino, Jr. - Secretary-General of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Rank of Datu, 1997, Rank of Raja, November 2001. *U San Thein - Ambassador of Myanmar to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 1999. *Robert Collette - Ambassador of Canada to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2003. *Herbert Jess - Ambassador of Germany to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2004. * Francis J. Ricciardone, Jr. - Ambassador of the United States to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2005. *Stanislav Slavicky - Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2005. *Wu Hongbo - Ambassador of China to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2005. *Iskandar Bin Sarudin - Ambassador of Malaysia to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2006. *Joao Jose Gomes Caetano da Silva - Ambassador of Portugal to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2006. *Graeme Matheson - Ambassador to New Zealand to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2011. *Robert Gerard Brinks - Ambassador of the Netherlands to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Silver Distinction, 2012. *Alcides G. R. Prates - Ambassador of Brazil to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Silver Distinction, 2012. *Wadee Al-Batti - Ambassador of the Iraq to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Silver Distinction, 2013. *Harry K. Thomas Jr. - Ambassador of the United States to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2013. *Christopher Thornley - Ambassador of Canada to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2013. * Bill Tweddell - Ambassador of Australia to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2016. * Dato Mohd Zamri bin Mohd Kassim - Ambassador of Malaysia to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2016. *Erik Førner - Ambassador of Norway to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, 2018. * Jaroslav Olša Jr. - Ambassador of the Czech Republic to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2018. * Amanda Gorely - Ambassador of Australia to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Silver Distinction, 2018. * Dato’ Razlan Abdul Rashid - Ambassador of Malaysia to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Silver Distinction, 2018. * Jan Top Christensen - Ambassador of Denmark to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2019 *Archbishop Gabriele Giordano Caccia - Apostolic Nuncio to the Philippines and Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2019. *Koji Haneda - Ambassador of Japan to the Philippines, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2020.

Heads of State

* Plaek Phibunsongkhram - Prime Minister of Thailand, 1955 *Ngo Dinh Diem - 1st President of the Republic of Vietnam, 1956 *King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia, 1956 *Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek - President of the Republic of China, 1960 *Dwight D. Eisenhower - 34th President of the United States, 1960 *Syed Putra of Perlis - Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, 1961 * Crown Prince Akihito of Japan, 1962 * Generalissimo Francisco Franco - Head of the Spanish State, 1962 *Antonio Segni - 4th President of Italy, 1962 *King Rama IX of Thailand, 1963 *Heinrich Lübke - 6th President of Germany, 1964 *Philibert Tsiranana - 1st President of the Malagasy Republic, 1964 *Emperor Hirohito of Japan, 1966 *Suharto - 2nd President of Indonesia, 1968 *King Mahendra of Nepal, 1971 *Lee Kuan Yew - 1st Prime Minister of Singapore, 1974 *Kakuei Tanaka - Prime Minister of Japan, 1974 *Juan Carlos de Borbon - Prince of Spain, 1974 *Nicolae Ceaușescu - 1st President of Romania, 1975 *Dr. Benjamin Sheares - 2nd President of Singapore, 1976 *King Hussein of Jordan, 1976 *Kriangsak Chamanan - Prime Minister of Thailand, 1978 *Fra' Angelo de Mojana di Cologna - 77th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, 1979 *Yasuhiro Nakasone - Prime Minister of Japan, 1983 *Raúl Alfonsín - President of Argentina, 1986 *Virgilio Barco Vargas - 27th President of Colombia, 1987 *Muhammad Khan Junejo - 10th Prime Minister of Pakistan, 1988 *Francesco Cossiga - 8th President of Italy, 1988 *Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah of Brunei Darrussalam, 1988 *François Mitterrand - 21st President of France, 1989 *Chuan Leekpai - Prime Minister of Thailand, 1993 *Kim Young-sam - 7th President of South Korea, 1994 *Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan - Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, 1995 *Ernesto Pérez Balladares - 33rd President of Panama, 1995 *Carlos Menem - President of Argentina, 1995 *Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle - 31st President of Chile, 1995 *Konstantinos Stephanopoulos - President of Greece, 1997 *Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa - 1st Prime Minister of Bahrain, 2001 *Ion Iliescu - 2nd President of Romania, 2002 *Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan, 2002 *George W. Bush - 43rd President of the United States, 2003 *Barack Obama - 44th President of the United States, 2014 *Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono - 6th President of Indonesia, 2015 * Shinzo Abe - Prime Minister of Japan, 2015 *Fra' Matthew Festing - 79th Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, 2015 *Takeo Fukuda - Prime Minister of Japan, 2017

Others

* Alberto Martín-Artajo - Foreign Minister of Spain, Rank of Lakan, 1953 *Carlos P. Romulo - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Maharlika, 1953, Rank of Rajah, 1982 *Vũ Văn Mẫu - Foreign Minister of South Vietnam, Rank of Lakan, 1956 *Narciso Ramos - former Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Rank of Datu, 1970 *Carl Albert - Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Rank of Lakan, 1971 *Kim Yong-shik - Foreign Minister of South Korea, Rank of Datu, 1972 *Maraden Panggabean - 15th Minister of Defence of Indonesia, Rank of Datu, 1972 *Goh Keng Swee - Minister of Defence of Singapore, Rank of Datu, 1972 *Washington SyCip - Filipino businessman, Rank of Maginoo, 1980 *Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf - Vice President of Iraq, Rank of Raja, 1982 *Dante Caputo - 99th Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina, 1986 *Emmanuel Pelaez - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, 1987 *Luis Moreno Salcedo - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, 1987 *Salvador P. Lopez - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, 1987 *José Laurel III - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, 1987 *Giulio Andreotti - 17th Minister of Foreign Affairs of Italy, Rank of Datu, 1988 *Hiroshi Nakajima - Regional Director of the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region, Rank of Datu, 1988 *Carlos Lopez Contreras - Minister of Foreign Affairs of Honduras, Rank of Datu, 1988 *Abel Matutes - Member of the Commission of the European Communities of Spain, Rank of Datu, 1990 *Francisco Fernández Ordóñez - Foreign Minister of Spain, Rank of Datu, 1990 * - Director General for North America and Asia of the Spanish Foreign Ministry, Rank of Lakan, 1990 *Enrique Silva Cimma - Foreign Minister of Chile, Rank of Datu, 1990 *Javier Solana - Foreign Minister of Spain, Rank of Datu, 1994 *Domingo Lucenario Jr. - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2009. *Jerril Santos - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2009. *Enrique Manalo - Filipino diplomat, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2010. *Bernardita Catalla - former Philippine Ambassador to Lebanon, Rank of Datu, Gold Distinction, 2020. *Douglas MacArthur - General of the Army, Field Marshal of the Philippines, and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, Rank of Lakan * Wassim Nanaa - Honorary Consul General of the Philippines in Aleppo Syria Rank of Grand Officer * Jaime Cardinal Sin - Archbishop of Manila *Ali Alatas - 13th Foreign Minister of Indonesia * Manny Pacquiao -Filipino boxer * Chuan Leekpai - Former Prime Minister of Thailand * Mohammad Mohsin - former Bangladeshi Foreign Secretary, Rank of Datu * Johannes de Kok - European Commission head of delegation, Rank of Grand Cross Datu (Gold Distinction) * Rafael E. Seguis - Foreign Affairs Undersecretary for Special Concerns, Rank of Datu * Tadao Chino - President, Asian Development Bank, Grand Cross * Patrick Pichi Sun - Ambassador for the Republic of China * Ban Ki Moon - Secretary-General of the United Nations (Korea) * Hillary Clinton - US Secretary of State *Jose T. Almonte - former National Security Advisor to President Fidel V. Ramos *Daniel Inouye - United States Senator, rank of Datu * George Yeo - Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Singapore, with rank of Datu * Sadako Ogata - Former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. * Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa - Prime Minister of Bahrain
Gloria Steele - Mission Director, USAID/Philippines
* Takehiko Nakao - President, Asian Development Bank, Grand Cross. *Haruhiko Kuroda - President, Asian Development Bank. ''This article incorporates public domain text from the library of the Philippine Congress.''

See also

* Sandugo * Sandugo Festival

References



External links


The Order of Sikatuna gov.ph



Executive Order No. 236
of September 19, 2003, ESTABLISHING THE HONORS CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES TO CREATE AN ORDER OF PRECEDENCE OF HONORS CONFERRED AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES. * Manuel L. Quezon III
Medals
''Girondists off-duty rants''


Ribbons of the Philippines 1

Ribbons of the Philippines 2
{{Order of Sikatuna recipients Sikatuna, Order Of