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Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a historic county in the
East Midlands The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the ITL 1 statistical regions of England, first level of International Territorial Level, ITL for Statistics, statistical purposes. It consists of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Linco ...
of England. In 2015, it had a population of 723,000. The
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...

county
is administered by two
unitary authorities A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized gove ...
:
North Northamptonshire North Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area forming part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, created in 2021. The largest towns in the area are Kettering, Co ...
and
West Northamptonshire West Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority covering part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, created in 2021. By far the largest settlement in West Northamptonsh ...
. It is known as "The Rose of the Shires". Covering an area of 2,364 square kilometres (913 sq mi), Northamptonshire is landlocked between eight other counties:
Warwickshire Warwickshire (; abbreviated Warks) is a Counties of England, county in the West Midlands (region), West Midlands region of England. The county town is Warwick, and the largest town is Nuneaton. The county is famous for being the birthplace of W ...

Warwickshire
to the west,
Leicestershire Leicestershire (; postal abbreviation Leics.) is a landlocked Counties of England, county in the England, English Midlands (England), Midlands, being within the East Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to th ...

Leicestershire
and
Rutland Rutland () is a Counties of England, county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire. Its greatest length north to south is onl ...

Rutland
to the north,
Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the ...

Cambridgeshire
to the east,
Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a historic county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambe ...

Bedfordshire
to the south-east,
Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire (), abbreviated Bucks, is a Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in South East England that borders Greater London to the south-east, Berkshire to the south, Oxfordshire to the west, Northamptonshire to the north, B ...

Buckinghamshire
to the south,
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire is a landlocked county in the far west of the government statistical region of South East England. The Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buc ...

Oxfordshire
to the south-west and
Lincolnshire Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs.) is a in the of , with a long coastline on the to the east. It borders to the south-east, to the south, to the south-west, and to the west, to the north-west, and the to the north. It also borders ...

Lincolnshire
to the north-east – England's shortest administrative county boundary at 20 yards (19 metres), although this was not the case with the historic county boundary. Northamptonshire is the southernmost county in the
East Midlands The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the ITL 1 statistical regions of England, first level of International Territorial Level, ITL for Statistics, statistical purposes. It consists of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Linco ...
region. Apart from the
county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer ...
of
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
, other major population centres include
Kettering Kettering is a large market and industrial town in North Northamptonshire, England. It is located north of London and north-east of Northampton Northampton is a town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on ...

Kettering
,
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
,
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
,
Rushden Rushden is a market town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the North Northamptonshire unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England. The parish of Rushden covers an area of some . The population of Rushden ...
and
Daventry Daventry ( , historically ) is a market town and civil parish in the West Northamptonshire unitary authority in Northamptonshire, England, close to the border with Warwickshire. At the United Kingdom census, 2011, 2011 Census Daventry had a po ...
. Northamptonshire's
county flower In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas. Some countries have a country-wide floral emblem; others in addition have symbols representing subdivisions. Different processes have been used to a ...
is the
cowslip
cowslip
. The
Soke of Peterborough The Soke of Peterborough is a historic area of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies no ...
falls within the historic boundaries of the county, but its area has been part of the
ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial counties, are areas of England to which lord-lieutenant, lord-lieutenants are appointed. Legal ...

ceremonial county
of
Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the ...

Cambridgeshire
since 1974.


History

Much of Northamptonshire's countryside appears to have remained somewhat intractable with regards to early human occupation, resulting in an apparently sparse population and relatively few finds from the
Palaeolithic The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic or Palæolithic (), also called the Old Stone Age (from Greek wikt:παλαιός, palaios - old, lithos - stone), is a period in prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of ...
,
Mesolithic The Mesolithic (Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

Mesolithic
and
Neolithic The Neolithic period is the final division of the Stone Age, with a wide-ranging set of developments that appear to have arisen independently in several parts of the world. It is first seen about 12,000 years ago when the first developments of ...
periods. In about 500 BC the
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history between the use of the first stone tools by hominins 3.3 million years ago and the ...
was introduced into the area by a continental people in the form of the
Hallstatt culture The Hallstatt culture was the predominant Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town in the US *Western Creek, Tasmania, a locality in Australia *Western Junction, Tasmania, a loca ...

Hallstatt culture
, and over the next century a series of hill-forts were constructed at Arbury Camp, Rainsborough camp,
Borough Hill Borough Hill is a hill to the east of the town of Daventry Daventry ( , historically ) is a market town and civil parish in the West Northamptonshire unitary authority in Northamptonshire, England, close to the border with Warwickshire. A ...
, Castle Dykes,
Guilsborough Guilsborough is a village and civil parishes in England, civil parish in West Northamptonshire in England. At the time of the United Kingdom Census 2001, 2001 census, the parish's population was 882 people, reducing to 692 at the 2011 Census. I ...
,
Irthlingborough Irthlingborough () is a town on the River Nene in North Northamptonshire, England. It had a population of 8,900 at the 2011 census and was the smallest town in England to have had a The Football League, Football League team, Rushden & Diamonds ...
, and most notably of all,
Hunsbury Hill Hunsbury Hill is an Iron Age hill fort two miles (3 km) south-west of the centre of the town of Northampton in the county of Northamptonshire.
. There are two more possible hill-forts at Arbury Hill (
Badby Badby is a village and a rural parish of about in West Northamptonshire, England.- OS Explorer Map 207: Newport Pagnell & Northampton South (1:25 000) Location Badby is about 2 miles (3 km) south of Daventry, on the A361 road, A361 Davent ...
) and Thenford. In the 1st century BC, most of what later became Northamptonshire became part of the territory of the
Catuvellauni The Catuvellauni (Gaulish language, Gaulish: "war-chiefs") were a Celtic tribe or state of southeastern prehistoric Britain, Britain before the Roman conquest of Britain, Roman conquest, attested by inscriptions into the 4th century. The fortu ...
, a
Belgic tribe The Belgae () were a large confederation of tribes living in northern Gaul Gaul ( la, Gallia) was a region of Western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of seve ...
, the Northamptonshire area forming their most northerly possession. The
Catuvellauni The Catuvellauni (Gaulish language, Gaulish: "war-chiefs") were a Celtic tribe or state of southeastern prehistoric Britain, Britain before the Roman conquest of Britain, Roman conquest, attested by inscriptions into the 4th century. The fortu ...
were in turn conquered by the
Romans Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, ...

Romans
in 43 AD. The Roman road of
Watling Street Watling Street is a historic route in England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the ...

Watling Street
passed through the county, and an important Roman settlement,
LactodurumLactodurum was a town in the Roman province of Britannia. Today it is known as Towcester, located in the England, English county of Northamptonshire. Towcester lays claim to being the oldest town in Northamptonshire and possibly, because of the anti ...
, stood on the site of modern-day
Towcester Towcester (pronounced as "toaster") is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), whic ...
. There were other Roman settlements at
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
,
Kettering Kettering is a large market and industrial town in North Northamptonshire, England. It is located north of London and north-east of Northampton Northampton is a town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on ...

Kettering
and along the Nene Valley near
Raunds Raunds is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a villag ...
. A large fort was built at Longthorpe. After the Romans left, the area eventually became part of the
Anglo-Saxon The Anglo-Saxons were a cultural group Cultural identity is a part of a person's identity Identity may refer to: Social sciences * Identity (social science), personhood or group affiliation in psychology and sociology Group expression ...
kingdom of
Mercia Mercia (, ang, Miercna rīċe; la, Merciorum regnum) was one of the kingdoms of the . The name is a of the or (West Saxon dialect; in the Mercian dialect itself), meaning "border people" (see ). Mercia dominated what would later become ...

Mercia
, and Northampton functioned as an administrative centre. The Mercians converted to
Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as the world of Abrahamism and Semitic religions, are a group of Semitic-originated religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of ...

Christianity
in 654 AD with the death of the
pagan Paganism (from classical Latin Classical Latin is the form of Latin language Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, includ ...

pagan
king
Penda Penda (died 15 November 655)Manuscript A of the ''Anglo-Saxon Chronicle'' gives the year as 655. Bede also gives the year as 655 and specifies a date, 15 November. R. L. Poole (''Studies in Chronology and History'', 1934) put forward the theory ...
. From about 889 the area was conquered by the
Danes Danes ( da, danskere, ) are a North Germanic The North Germanic languages make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European The Indo-European languages are a lang ...
(as at one point almost all of England was, except for Athelney marsh in
Somerset ( en, All The People of Somerset) , locator_map = , coordinates = , region = South West England South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the ...

Somerset
) and became part of the
Danelaw The Danelaw (, also known as the Danelagh; ang, Dena lagu; da, Danelagen) was the part of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west a ...
– with
Watling Street Watling Street is a historic route in England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the ...

Watling Street
serving as the boundary – until being recaptured by the
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
under the
Wessex Wessex (; ang, Westseaxna rīċe , 'the Kingdom of the West Saxons') was an Anglo-Saxons, Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy, kingdom in the south of Great Britain, from 519 until England was Kingdom of England, unified by Æthelstan in 927. The Anglo-Sa ...

Wessex
king
Edward the Elder Edward the Elder (– 17 July 924) was King of the Anglo-Saxons This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 12 July 927, when it emerged from ...

Edward the Elder
, son of
Alfred the Great Alfred the Great (848/49 – 26 October 899) was king of the West Saxons This is a list of monarchs of Wessex until 886 AD. For later monarchs, see the List of English monarchs. While the details of the later monarchs are confirmed by a numbe ...

Alfred the Great
, in 917. Northamptonshire was conquered again in 940, this time by the
Vikings Vikings—"pirate", non, víkingr is the modern name given to seafaring people primarily from Scandinavia Scandinavia; : ''Skadesi-suolu''/''Skađsuâl''. ( ) is a in , with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. In ...

Vikings
of
York York is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United ...

York
, who devastated the area, only for the county to be retaken by the English in 942. Consequently, it is one of the few counties in England to have both Saxon and Danish town-names and settlements. The county was first recorded in the ''
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle The ''Anglo-Saxon Chronicle'' is a collection of annals Annals ( la, annāles, from , "year") are a concise historical History (from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''historia'', meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by investigation") is the stud ...
'' (1011), as ''Hamtunscire'': the ''scire'' (
shire Shire is a traditional term for an administrative division of land in Great Britain Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of , it is the largest of the Britis ...

shire
) of ''Hamtun'' (the homestead). The "North" was added to distinguish Northampton from the other important ''Hamtun'' further south:
Southampton Southampton () is a port A port is a maritime law, maritime facility comprising one or more Wharf, wharves or loading areas, where ships load and discharge Affreightment, cargo and passengers. Although usually situated on a sea ...
– though the origins of the two names are in fact different.
Rockingham Castle Rockingham Castle is a former royal castle and hunting lodge in Rockingham Forest approximately two miles north from the town centre of Corby, Northamptonshire. History 11th - 14th centuries The site on which the castle stands has been used in t ...
was built for
William the Conqueror William I (c. 1028Bates ''William the Conqueror'' p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first House of Normandy, Norman List of English monarchs, monarch of Engl ...

William the Conqueror
and was used as a Royal fortress until
Elizabethan The Elizabethan era is the epoch in the of the during the reign of (1558–1603). Historians often depict it as the in English history. The symbol of (a female personification of Great Britain) was first used in 1572, and often thereafter ...
times. In 1460, during the
Wars of the Roses The Wars of the Roses were a series of fifteenth-century English civil wars for control of the throne of England, fought between supporters of two rival cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, represented by a ...
, the Battle of Northampton took place and King
Henry VIHenry VI may refer to: * Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165–1197) * Henry VI, Count Palatine of the Rhine (ruled 1212–1214) * Henry VI, Count of Luxembourg (crowned 1281, died 1288) * Henry VI the Older (before 1345 – 1393) * Henry VI, Count o ...

Henry VI
was captured. The now-ruined
Fotheringhay Castle Fotheringhay Castle, also known as ''Fotheringay Castle'', was a High Middle Ages, High Middle Age Norman architecture, Norman Motte-and-bailey castle in the village of Fotheringhay to the north of the market town of Oundle, Northamptonshire, ...
was used to imprison
Mary, Queen of Scots Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart, was List of Scottish monarchs, Queen of Scotland from 14 December 1542 until her forced abdication in 1567. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of King ...

Mary, Queen of Scots
, before her execution.
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Fathers of the United States, Founding Father who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Appointed by the Continenta ...

George Washington
, the first
President of the United States of America The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the Federal government of the United States#Executive branch, executive branch of the Federal govern ...
, was born into the Washington family who had migrated to America from Northamptonshire in 1656.
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Fathers of the United States, Founding Father who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Appointed by the Continenta ...

George Washington
's ancestor, Lawrence Washington, was Mayor of
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
on several occasions and it was he who bought Sulgrave Manor from
Henry VIII Henry VIII (28 June 149128 January 1547) was King of England This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 12 July 927, when it emerged fro ...
in 1539. It was George Washington's great-grandfather,
John Washington John Washington (1631–1677) was an English planter, soldier, and politician in colonial Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic (United States), Mid-Atlantic and South ...
, who emigrated in 1656 from Northants to
Virginia Virginia (), officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), '' ...

Virginia
. Before Washington's ancestors moved to Sulgrave, they lived in
WartonWarton may refer to: Places in England *Warton, Fylde, a village between Preston and Lytham St. Annes, Lancashire **Bryning-with-Warton, civil parish containing Warton **Warton Aerodrome, a BAE Systems airfield near the above village *Warton, Lancas ...
,
Lancashire Lancashire ( , ; abbreviated Lancs.) is a non-metropolitan and ceremonial county The counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies, also referred to as the lieutenancy areas of England and informally known as ceremonial co ...

Lancashire
. During the
English Civil War The English Civil War (1642–1651) was a series of civil wars A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, ...
, Northamptonshire strongly supported the
ParliamentarianParliamentarian has two principal meanings. First, it may refer to a member or supporter of a Parliament, as in: *Member of parliament *Roundhead, supporter of the parliamentary cause in the English Civil War Second, in countries that do not refe ...
cause, and the
Royalist A royalist supports a particular monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication, and therefore the head of state of a monarchy. ...

Royalist
forces suffered a crushing defeat at the
Battle of Naseby The Battle of Naseby was a decisive engagement of the First English Civil War, fought on 14 June 1645 between the main Cavalier, Royalist army of Charles I of England, King Charles I and the Roundhead, Parliamentarian New Model Army, commanded ...

Battle of Naseby
in 1645 in the north of the county. King
Charles ICharles I may refer to: Kings and emperors * Charlemagne (742–814), numbered Charles I in the lists of French and German kings * Charles I of Anjou (1226–1285), also king of Albania, Jerusalem, Naples and Sicily * Charles I of Hungary (1288 ...

Charles I
was imprisoned at
Holdenby House Holdenby House is a historic country house in Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. Th ...

Holdenby House
in 1647. In 1823 Northamptonshire was said to "
njoy NJOY (trade name of NJOY, LLC) is an independent American company that manufactures and distributes electronic cigarettes and Vaporizer (inhalation device), vaping products. In 2017, NJOY acquired the assets of NJOY, Inc., one of the first companie ...
a very pure and wholesome air" because of its dryness and distance from the sea. Its livestock were celebrated: "Horned cattle, and other animals, are fed to extraordinary sizes: and many horses of the large black breed are reared." Nine years later, the county was described as "a county enjoying the reputation of being one of the healthiest and pleasantest parts of England" although the towns were "of small importance" with the exceptions of Peterborough and Northampton. In summer, the county hosted "a great number of wealthy families... country seats and villas are to be seen at every step." Northamptonshire is still referred to as the county of "spires and squires" because of the numbers of stately homes and ancient churches. In the 18th and 19th centuries, parts of Northamptonshire and the surrounding area became
industrialised Factories, refineries, mines, and agribusiness are all elements of industrialisation Industrialisation ( alternatively spelled industrialization) is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian societ ...
. The local specialisation was
shoe A shoe is an item of footwear intended to protect and comfort the Foot, human foot. Shoes are also used as an item of decoration and fashion. The design of shoes has varied enormously through time and from culture to culture, with form origin ...

shoe
making and the
leather Leather is a strong, flexible and durable material obtained from the tanning Tanning may refer to: *Tanning (leather), treating animal skins to produce leather *Sun tanning, using the sun to darken pale skin **Indoor tanning, the use of arti ...

leather
industry and became one of Britain's major centres for these crafts by the 19th century. In the north of the county a large
ironstone 300px, Ironstone (sandstone with iron oxides) from the Mississippian age, Mississippian Breathitt Formation, Mile Marker 166, Interstate 64 in Kentucky, I-64, Kentucky Ironstone is a sedimentary rock, either deposited directly as a ferruginous sed ...
quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine File:Ende Gelände 2017 CHB 23 (cropped).jpg, The giant bucket-wheel excavators in the German Rhineland coal mines are among the world's biggest land vehicles. Open-pit mining, also known as open-cas ...

quarry
ing industry developed from 1850. Prior to 1901 the ancient
hundreds A hundred is the natural number following 99 and preceding 101. Hundred may also refer to: Units and divisions * Hundred (word) formerly also equal to 120 or other values * Hundred (unit) sometimes equal to 120 or other values ** Hundredweight (cw ...
were disused. Northamptonshire was administered as four major divisions: Northern, Eastern, Mid, and Southern.University of Kentucky Genealogy Archives: Northamptonshire
accessed February 2019.
During the 1930s, the town of
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
was established as a major centre of the
steel Steel is an alloy An alloy is an admixture of metal A metal (from Ancient Greek, Greek μέταλλον ''métallon'', "mine, quarry, metal") is a material that, when freshly prepared, polished, or fractured, shows a lustrous appe ...

steel
industry. Much of Northamptonshire nevertheless remains rural. Corby was designated a
new town New is an adjective referring to something recently made, discovered, or created. New or NEW may refer to: Music * New, singer of K-pop group The Boyz Boyz or The Boyz may refer to: Music Bands *The Boyz (German band), a German boy band of t ...
in 1950 and Northampton followed in 1968. the government is encouraging development in the
South Midlands The South Midlands is a notional area of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwes ...
area, including Northamptonshire.


Peterborough

The
Soke of Peterborough The Soke of Peterborough is a historic area of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies no ...
was historically associated with and considered part of Northamptonshire and the
Church of England The Church of England (C of E) is a Christian church Christian Church is a Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be Critic ...
Diocese In Ecclesiastical polity, church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. History In the later organization of the Roman Empire, the increasingly subdivided Roman province, prov ...
that covers Northamptonshire is centred in
Peterborough Cathedral Peterborough Cathedral, properly the Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul and St Andrew – also known as Saint Peter's Cathedral in the United Kingdom – is the seat of the Church of England, Anglican Bishop of Peterborough, dedicated to Sain ...

Peterborough Cathedral
. However, Peterborough had its own courts of quarter sessions and, later,
county council A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county. This term has slightly different meanings in different countries. Members are elected in County Council elections. Ireland The county councils created und ...
. In 1965 the administration was merged with that of neighbouring
Huntingdonshire Huntingdonshire (; abbreviated Hunts) is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire and a historic counties of England, historic county of England. The district council is based in Huntingdon. Other towns include St Ives, Cambridgeshire, St Iv ...
. Under the
Local Government Act 1972 The Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and ...
the city of
Peterborough Peterborough () is a City status in the United Kingdom, cathedral city and unitary authority#United Kingdom, unitary authority area in Cambridgeshire, England, with a population of 202,110 in 2017. Originally part of Northamptonshire, it became ...

Peterborough
became a district of
Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the ...

Cambridgeshire
.


Geography

Northamptonshire is a landlocked county located in the southern part of the
East Midlands The East Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the ITL 1 statistical regions of England, first level of International Territorial Level, ITL for Statistics, statistical purposes. It consists of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Linco ...
region which is sometimes known as the
South Midlands The South Midlands is a notional area of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwes ...
. The county contains the
watershed Watershed is a hydrological term, which has been adopted in other fields in a more or less figurative sense. It may refer to: Hydrology * Drainage divide, the line that separates neighbouring drainage basins ** European watershed * Drainage basin, ...
between the
River Severn , name_etymology = , image = SevernFromCastleCB.JPG , image_size = 288 , image_caption = The river seen from Shrewsbury Castle Shrewsbury Castle is a red sandstone castle in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Englan ...
and
The Wash The Wash is a rectangular bay A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which cove ...

The Wash
while several important rivers have their sources in the north-west of the county, including the
River Nene The River Nene ( or : see below) is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its ...
, which flows north-eastwards to The Wash, and the " Warwickshire Avon", which flows south-west to the Severn. In 1830 it was boasted that "not a single brook, however insignificant, flows into it from any other district". The highest point in the county is Arbury Hill at . There are several towns in the county with
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
being the largest and most populous. At the time of the 2011 census, a population of 691,952 lived in the county with 212,069 living in Northampton. The table below shows all towns with over 10,000 inhabitants. As of 2010 there are 16 settlements in Northamptonshire with a town charter: *
Brackley Brackley is a market town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, ...
,
Burton Latimer Burton Latimer is a town in North Northamptonshire North Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area forming part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, created ...
,
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
,
Daventry Daventry ( , historically ) is a market town and civil parish in the West Northamptonshire unitary authority in Northamptonshire, England, close to the border with Warwickshire. At the United Kingdom census, 2011, 2011 Census Daventry had a po ...
,
Desborough Desborough, a town in Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is a county in the East Midlands of England. In 2015 it had a population of 723,000. The county A coun ...
,
Higham Ferrers Higham Ferrers is a market town and civil parish in the Nene Valley in North Northamptonshire, England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west ...

Higham Ferrers
,
Irthlingborough Irthlingborough () is a town on the River Nene in North Northamptonshire, England. It had a population of 8,900 at the 2011 census and was the smallest town in England to have had a The Football League, Football League team, Rushden & Diamonds ...
,
Kettering Kettering is a large market and industrial town in North Northamptonshire, England. It is located north of London and north-east of Northampton Northampton is a town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on ...

Kettering
,
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
,
Oundle Oundle () is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection ...
,
Raunds Raunds is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a villag ...
, Rothwell,
Rushden Rushden is a market town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the North Northamptonshire unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England. The parish of Rushden covers an area of some . The population of Rushden ...
,
Towcester Towcester (pronounced as "toaster") is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), whic ...
,
Thrapston Thrapston is a market town in North Northamptonshire North Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area forming part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, creat ...
and
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
.


Climate

Like the rest of the
British Isles The British Isles are a group of islands in the North Atlantic off the north-western coast of continental Europe Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent A continent is any of several large landmasse ...

British Isles
, Northamptonshire has an
oceanic climate An oceanic climate, also known as a maritime climate or marine climate, is the Köppen classification of climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the deg ...
(
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by German-Russian climate science, climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by ...
). The table below shows the average weather for Northamptonshire from the
Moulton:''See also Molton (disambiguation)'' Moulton may refer to: Places in the United Kingdom ;In England *Moulton, Cheshire *Moulton, Lincolnshire **Moulton Windmill *Moulton St Mary, Norfolk *Moulton, Northamptonshire **Moulton College, agricultura ...
weather station.


Governance


Local government

Between 1974 and 2021, Northamptonshire, like most English counties, was divided into a number of local authorities. The seven borough/district councils covered 15 towns and hundreds of villages. The county had a two-tier structure of
local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of government policy Public policy is a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government ...
and an elected
county council A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county. This term has slightly different meanings in different countries. Members are elected in County Council elections. Ireland The county councils created und ...
based in
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
, and was also divided into seven
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic na ...
each with their own district or borough councils: Northampton itself is the most populous
civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, gove ...
in England, and (prior to 2021) was the most populous urban district in England not to be administered as a
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that s ...
(even though several smaller districts are unitary). During the 1990s local government reform, Northampton Borough Council petitioned strongly for unitary status, which led to fractured relations with the County Council. The
Soke of Peterborough The Soke of Peterborough is a historic area of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies no ...
is within the historic county of Northamptonshire, although it had had a separate county council since 1889 and separate courts of quarter sessions before then. The city of
Peterborough Peterborough () is a City status in the United Kingdom, cathedral city and unitary authority#United Kingdom, unitary authority area in Cambridgeshire, England, with a population of 202,110 in 2017. Originally part of Northamptonshire, it became ...
has been a
unitary authority A unitary authority is a local authority Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic discipline that s ...
since 1998, but it forms part of
Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the ...

Cambridgeshire
for
ceremonial purposes
ceremonial purposes
.


De facto bankruptcy of the county council

In early 2018, Northamptonshire County Council was declared technically insolvent and would be able to provide only the bare essential services. According to
The Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ''The Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper published on Sun ...

The Guardian
the problems were caused by "a reckless half-decade in which it refused to raise council tax to pay for the soaring costs of social care" and "partly due to past failings, the council is now having to make some drastic decisions to reduce services to a core offer." Some observers, such as Simon Edwards of the
County Councils NetworkThe County Councils Network is a special interest group within the Local Government Association. Its 36 members are all 27 English county councils and 10 Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority councils. The network is the national voice fo ...
, added another perspective on the cause of the financial crisis, the
United Kingdom government austerity programme The United Kingdom government austerity programme is a fiscal policy In economics Economics () is a social science Social science is the Branches of science, branch of science devoted to the study of society, societies and th ...
: "It is clear that, partly due to past failings, the council is now having to make some drastic decisions to reduce services to a core offer. However, we can’t ignore that some of the underlying causes of the challenges facing Northamptonshire, such as dramatic reductions to council budgets and severe demand for services, mean county authorities across the country face funding pressures of £3.2bn over the next two years."


Structural changes

In early 2018, following the events above, Government-appointed commissioners took over control of the council's affairs. Consequently, the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government commissioned an independent report which, in March 2018, proposed structural changes to local government in Northamptonshire. These changes saw the existing county council and district councils abolished and two new unitary authorities created in their place. One authority,
West Northamptonshire West Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority covering part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, created in 2021. By far the largest settlement in West Northamptonsh ...
, consists of the former districts of
Daventry Daventry ( , historically ) is a market town and civil parish in the West Northamptonshire unitary authority in Northamptonshire, England, close to the border with Warwickshire. At the United Kingdom census, 2011, 2011 Census Daventry had a po ...
,
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
and
South Northamptonshire South Northamptonshire was from 1974 to 2021 a district in Northamptonshire, England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to ...
and the other authority,
North Northamptonshire North Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area forming part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, created in 2021. The largest towns in the area are Kettering, Co ...
, consists of
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
,
East Northamptonshire East Northamptonshire (officially "The District of East Northamptonshire") was from 1974 to 2021 a local government district in Northamptonshire Northamptonshire (; abbreviated Northants.), archaically known as the County of Northampton, is ...
,
Kettering Kettering is a large market and industrial town in North Northamptonshire, England. It is located north of London and north-east of Northampton Northampton is a town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on ...
and
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...
districts.


National representation

Northamptonshire returns seven
Members of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) ...
(MPs). , all of whom are currently from the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
. Several of the constituencies have been marginal in the past, including the Northampton seats, Wellingborough, Kettering, and Corby, which were all Labour seats before 2005. In the 2016 EU referendum, all of the Northamptonshire districts voted to Leave, most by a significant margin. Two prominent Brexiteer MPs,
Philip Hollobone Philip Thomas Hollobone (born 7 November 1964) is a British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative Party politician and former investment banker. He has been the Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), Member of Parliament for Kettering (UK Parliam ...
and
Peter Bone Peter William Bone (born 19 October 1952) is a British Conservative Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the people who live in their constituency. In many countries wi ...
represent parts of the county. From 1993 until 2005, Northamptonshire County Council, for which each of the 73
electoral division An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, (election) precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is a subdivision of a larger State (pol ...
s in the county elect a single councillor, had been held by the Labour Party; it had been under
no overall control In the context of local authorities Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized government ...
since 1981. The councils of the rural districts – Daventry, East Northamptonshire, and South Northamptonshire – are strongly Conservative, whereas the political composition of the urban districts is more mixed. At the 2003 local elections, Labour lost control of Kettering, Northampton, and Wellingborough, retaining only Corby. Elections for the entire County Council are held every four years – the last were held on 5 May 2005 when control of the County Council changed from the Labour Party to the Conservatives. The County Council uses a
leader and cabinet In England, local authorities Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized government that ...
executive system and abolished its
area committeeMany large local government Local government in the United Kingdom, councils in the United Kingdom have a system of area committees, with responsibility for services in a particular part of the area covered by the council. In the county council area ...
s in April 2006.


Economy

Historically, Northamptonshire's main industry was manufacturing of boots and shoes. Many of the manufacturers closed down in the
Thatcher era The premiership of Margaret Thatcher began on 4 May 1979, when Thatcher accepted an invitation to form a new administration, and ended on 28 November 1990. She was elected to the position in 1979 Events January * January 1 Janua ...
which in turn left many county people unemployed. Although R Griggs and Co Ltd, the manufacturer of
Dr. Martens Dr. Martens, also commonly known as Doc Martens, Docs or DMs, is a British footwear Footwear refers to garments worn on the feet, which typically serves the purpose of protective clothing, protection against adversities of the environment suc ...

Dr. Martens
, still has its UK base in Wollaston near
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
, the shoe industry in the county is now nearly gone. Large employers include the breakfast cereal manufacturers
Weetabix Weetabix is a breakfast cereal Cereal, often called breakfast cereal (and further categorized as cold cereal or warm cereal), is a traditional breakfast Breakfast is the first meal of the day eaten after waking up, usually in the morning. T ...

Weetabix
, in
Burton Latimer Burton Latimer is a town in North Northamptonshire North Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area forming part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, created ...
, the
CarlsbergCarlsberg may refer to: Places * Carlsberg (district), a district in Copenhagen, Denmark ** Carlsberg station, its train station * Carlsberg, Germany, a municipality in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany * Carlsberg Fjord, Greenland Other uses * Carlsber ...

Carlsberg
brewery in
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
,
Avon Products Avon Products, Inc. or simply known as Avon, is a direct sales Direct selling consists of two main business models: single-level marketing, in which a direct seller makes money by buying products from a parent organization and selling them direc ...
,
Siemens Siemens AG ( ) is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...

Siemens
,
Barclaycard Barclaycard (; stylized as barclaycard) is a brand for credit cards of Barclays PLC. , Barclays had over ten million customers in the United Kingdom. History Barclays launched Barclaycard on 29 June 1966, initially as a charge card,http://www.ac ...

Barclaycard
, Saxby Bros Ltd and
Golden Wonder Golden Wonder is a British company that manufactures snack foods, most notably . These include Ringos, Golden Wonder and Transform-A-Snack. Since 2006, it has been a wholly owned subsidiary of the Northern Irish company , after being rescued ou ...
. In the west of the county is the Daventry International Railfreight Terminal; which is a major rail freight terminal located on the
West Coast Main Line The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guar ...

West Coast Main Line
near
Rugby Rugby may refer to: Sports Rugby codes * Rugby football in various forms: ** Rugby league: 13 players per side *** Masters Rugby League *** Mod league *** Rugby league nines *** Rugby league sevens *** Touch (sport) *** Wheelchair rugby league ** ...
. Wellingborough also has a smaller railfreight depot on Finedon Road, called Nelisons sidings. This is a chart of trend of the regional gross value added of Northamptonshire at current basic prices in millions of British Pounds Sterling (correct on 21 December 2005): The region of Northamptonshire,
Oxfordshire Oxfordshire is a landlocked county in the far west of the government statistical region of South East England. The Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county borders Warwickshire to the north-west, Northamptonshire to the north-east, Buc ...

Oxfordshire
and the
South Midlands The South Midlands is a notional area of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwes ...
has been described as " Motorsport Valley... a global hub" for the motor sport industry. The Mercedes GP and
Force India Force India Formula One Team Limited, commonly known as Force India and later Sahara Force India, was a Formula One Formula One (also known as Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of international racing for single-seater An open-w ...
Formula One Formula One (also known as Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of international racing for single-seater An open-wheel car (formula car, or often single-seater car in British English) is a car with the wheels outside the car's main body ...
teams have their bases at
Brackley Brackley is a market town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, ...
and
Silverstone Silverstone is a village and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in Northamptonshire, England. It is about from Towcester on the former A43 road, A43 main road, from the M1 motorway junction 15A and about from the M40 motorway junction 1 ...

Silverstone
respectively, while
Cosworth Cosworth is a British automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958, specialising in high-performance internal combustion engines, powertrain, and electronics; for auto racing, automobile racing (motorsport) and mainstream Automoti ...
and
Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains (previously known as Ilmor Engineering and Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines) is a Formula One Formula One (also known as Formula 1 or F1) is the highest class of international auto racing fo ...
are also in the county at Northampton and
Brixworth Brixworth is a large village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and count ...
. International
motor racing Motorsport, motorsports or motor sport is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in Alexandria, Egypt Sports clubs *AC Sporting, a ...

motor racing
takes place at
Silverstone Circuit Silverstone Circuit is a motor racing circuit in England, near the Northamptonshire villages of Silverstone and Whittlebury. It is the current home of the British Grand Prix, which it first hosted as the 1948 British Grand Prix. The 1950 Briti ...

Silverstone Circuit
and
Rockingham Motor Speedway Rockingham Motor Speedway is a former racing motorsport venue in the United Kingdom, that hosted corporate driving days, driver training, conferencing and exhibitions, vehicle manufacturing events, track days, testing, driving experiences and m ...

Rockingham Motor Speedway
; Santa Pod Raceway is just over the border in
Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a historic county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambe ...

Bedfordshire
but has a Northants postcode. A study commissioned by Northamptonshire Enterprise Ltd (NEL) reported that Northamptonshire's motorsport sites attract more than 2.1 million visitors per year who spend a total of more than £131 million within the county.


Milton Keynes and South Midlands Growth area

Northamptonshire forms part of the Milton Keynes and South Midlands Growth area which also includes Milton Keynes, Aylesbury Vale and
Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a historic county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambe ...

Bedfordshire
. This area has been identified as an area which is due to have tens of thousands additional homes built between 2010 and 2020. In North Northamptonshire (Boroughs of Corby, Kettering, Wellingborough and East Northants), over 52,000 homes are planned or newly built and 47,000 new jobs are also planned.MSKM: North Northants
Mksm.org.uk, Accessed 2 October 2010
In West Northamptonshire (boroughs of Northampton, Daventry and South Northants), over 48,000 homes are planned or newly built and 37,000 new jobs are planned.MKSM: West Northants
Mksm.org.uk, Accessed 2 October 2010
To oversee the planned developments, two urban regeneration companies have been created: North Northants Development Company (NNDC) and the West Northamptonshire Development Corporation. The NNDC launched a controversial campaign called ''North Londonshire'' to attract people from London to the county. There is also a county-wide tourism campaign with the slogan ''Northamptonshire, Let yourself grow''.


Education


Schools

Northamptonshire County Council previously operated a comprehensive system of state-funded secondary schools. From May 2021 compulsory education in the county is administered by North Northamptonshire Council and West Northamptonshire Council. The county's Northamptonshire Music and Performing Arts Trust, music and performing arts trust provides peripatetic music teaching to schools. It also supports 15 local Saturday morning music and performing arts centres around the county and provides a range of county-level music groups.


Colleges

There are seven colleges across the county, with the Tresham College of Further and Higher Education having four campuses in three towns:
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
,
Kettering Kettering is a large market and industrial town in North Northamptonshire, England. It is located north of London and north-east of Northampton Northampton is a town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on ...

Kettering
and
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
. Tresham, which was taken over by Bedford College in 2017 due to failed Ofsted inspections, provides further education and offers vocational courses and re-sit GCSEs. It also offers Higher Education options in conjunction with several universities. Other colleges in the county are: Fletton House, Knuston Hall, Moulton College, Northampton College, Northampton New College and The East Northamptonshire College.


University

Northamptonshire has one university, the University of Northampton. It has two campuses apart and 10,000 students. It offers courses for needs and interests from foundation and undergraduate level to postgraduate, professional and doctoral qualifications. Subjects include traditional arts, humanities and sciences subjects, as well as entrepreneurship, product design and advertising.


Healthcare


Hospitals

The main acute National Health Service (England), National Health Service hospitals in Northamptonshire Northampton General Hospital, which also operates Danetre Hospital in Daventry, and Kettering General Hospital. In the south-west of the county, the towns of Brackley, Towcester and surrounding villages are serviced by the Horton General Hospital in Banbury in neighbouring Oxfordshire for acute medical needs. A similar arrangement is in place for the town of
Oundle Oundle () is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection ...
and nearby villages, served by Peterborough City Hospital. In February 2011 a new satellite out-patient centre opened at Nene Park, Irthlingborough to provide over 40,000 appointments a year, as well as a minor injury unit to serve Eastern Northamptonshire. This was opened to relieve pressure off Kettering General Hospital, and has also replaced the dated Rushden Memorial Clinic which provided at the time about 8,000 appointments a year, when open.


Water contamination

In June 2008, Anglian Water found traces of Cryptosporidium in water supplies of Northamptonshire. The local reservoir at Pitsford was investigated and a European rabbit which had strayed into it was found, causing the problem. About 250,000 residents were affected; by 14 July 2008, 13 cases of cryptosporidiosis attributed to water in Northampton had been reported. Following the end of the investigation, Anglian Water lifted its boil notice for all affected areas on 4 July 2008."Anglian Water"
, Press Release
Anglian Water revealed that it will pay up to £30 per household as compensation for customers hit by the water crisis.


Transport

The gap in the hills at Watford Gap meant that many south-east to north-west routes passed through Northamptonshire. The Roman Road
Watling Street Watling Street is a historic route in England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the ...

Watling Street
(now part of the A5 road (Great Britain), A5) passes through here, as did later canals, railways and major roads.


Roads

Major national roads including the M1 motorway (London to Leeds) and the A14 road (England), A14 (Rugby to Felixstowe), provide Northamptonshire with transport links, both north–south and east–west. The A43 road, A43 joins the M1 to the M40 motorway, passing through the south of the county to the junction west of Brackley, and the A45 road, A45 links Northampton with Wellingborough and Peterborough. The county road network, managed by Northamptonshire County Council includes the A45 road, A45 west of the M1 motorway, the A43 road, A43 between
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
and the county boundary near Stamford, the A361 road, A361 between Kilsby and Banbury (Oxon) and all B, C and Unclassified Roads. Since 2009 these highways have been managed on behalf of the county council by MGWSP, a joint venture between May Gurney and WSP.


Rivers and canals

Two major canals – the Oxford Canal, Oxford and the Grand Union Canal, Grand Union – join in the county at Braunston. Notable features include a flight of 17 canal lock, locks on the Grand Union at Rothersthorpe, the Stoke Bruerne Canal Museum, canal museum at Stoke Bruerne, and a tunnel at Blisworth Tunnel, Blisworth which, at , is the third-longest navigable canal tunnel on the Canals of the United Kingdom, UK canal network. A branch of the Grand Union Canal connects to the
River Nene The River Nene ( or : see below) is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its ...
in Northampton and has been upgraded to a "wide canal" in places and is known as the ''Nene Navigation''. It is famous for its guillotine locks.


Railways

Two trunk railway routes, the Midland Main Line and the
West Coast Main Line The West Coast Main Line (WCML) is one of the most important railway corridors in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guar ...

West Coast Main Line
, cross the county. At its peak, Northamptonshire had 75 railway stations. It now has only six, at Northampton railway station, Northampton and Long Buckby railway station, Long Buckby on the West Coast Main Line, Kettering railway station, Kettering, Wellingborough railway station, Wellingborough and Corby railway station, Corby on the Midland Main Line, along with King's Sutton railway station, King's Sutton, only a few yards from the boundary with Oxfordshire on the Chiltern Main Line. Before nationalisation of the railways in 1948 and the creation of British Railways, three of the "Big Four" railway companies operated in Northamptonshire: the London, Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway and Great Western Railway. Only the Southern Railway (UK), Southern Railway was not represented. As of 2019, it is served by Chiltern Railways, East Midlands Railway, Avanti West Coast and West Midlands Trains. ;Corby rail history
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
was described as the largest town in Britain without a railway station. The railway running through the town from Kettering to Oakham in
Rutland Rutland () is a Counties of England, county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire. Its greatest length north to south is onl ...

Rutland
was previously used only by freight traffic and occasional diverted passenger trains that did not stop at the station. The line through Corby was once part of a main line to Nottingham through Melton Mowbray, but the stretch between Melton and Nottingham was closed in 1968. In the 1980s, an experimental passenger shuttle service ran between Corby and Kettering but was withdrawn a few years later. On 23 February 2009, a new Corby railway station, railway station opened, providing direct hourly access to St Pancras railway station, London St Pancras. Following the opening of Corby Station, Rushden then became the largest town in the United Kingdom without a direct railway station. ;Closed lines and stations Railway services in Northamptonshire were reduced by the Beeching cuts in the 1960s. Closure of the line connecting Northampton to
Peterborough Peterborough () is a City status in the United Kingdom, cathedral city and unitary authority#United Kingdom, unitary authority area in Cambridgeshire, England, with a population of 202,110 in 2017. Originally part of Northamptonshire, it became ...

Peterborough
by way of Wellingborough,
Thrapston Thrapston is a market town in North Northamptonshire North Northamptonshire is a Unitary authorities of England, unitary authority area forming part of the Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England, creat ...
, and
Oundle Oundle () is a market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection ...
left eastern Northamptonshire devoid of railways. Part of this route was reopened in 1977 as the Nene Valley Railway. A section of one of the closed lines, the Northampton to Market Harborough line, is now the Northampton & Lamport Railway, Northampton & Lamport heritage railway, while the route as a whole forms a part of the National Cycle Network, as the Brampton Valley Way. As early as 1897 Northamptonshire would have had its own Channel Tunnel rail link with the creation of the Great Central Railway, which was intended to connect to a tunnel under the English Channel. Although the complete project never came to fruition, the rail link through Northamptonshire was constructed, and had stations at Charwelton, Woodford Halse, Helmdon and
Brackley Brackley is a market town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, ...
. It became part of the London and North Eastern Railway in 1923 (and of British Railways in 1948) before its closure in 1966. ;Future In June 2009 the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) recommended opening a new station on the former Irchester railway station site for
Rushden Rushden is a market town and civil parishes in England, civil parish in the North Northamptonshire unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Northamptonshire, England. The parish of Rushden covers an area of some . The population of Rushden ...
,
Higham Ferrers Higham Ferrers is a market town and civil parish in the Nene Valley in North Northamptonshire, England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west ...

Higham Ferrers
and Irchester, called Rushden Parkway railway station, Rushden Parkway. Network Rail is electrifying the Midland Main Line north of Bedford, to Kettering and Corby.Network Rail: East Midlands Draft Route Utilisation Strategy
Access date: 4 January 2010
An open access company has approached Network Rail for services to Oakham in
Rutland Rutland () is a Counties of England, county in the East Midlands of England, bounded to the west and north by Leicestershire, to the northeast by Lincolnshire and the southeast by Northamptonshire. Its greatest length north to south is onl ...

Rutland
to London via the county. The Rushden Historical Transport Society, operators of the Rushden, Higham and Wellingborough Railway, would like to see the railway fully reopen between
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
and
Higham Ferrers Higham Ferrers is a market town and civil parish in the Nene Valley in North Northamptonshire, England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west ...

Higham Ferrers
. The route of the planned High Speed 2 railway line (between London and Birmingham) will go through the southern part of the county but without any stations.


Buses

Most buses are operated by Stagecoach Midlands. Some town area routes have been named the Corby Star, Connect Kettering, Connect Wellingborough and Daventry Dart; the last three of these routes have route designations that include a letter (such as A, D1, W1, W2). Stagecoach Gold bus route X4, Stagecoach's X4 route provides interurban links across the county, running between Northampton, Wellingborough, Kettering, Corby, Oundle, and Peterborough.


Airports

Sywell Aerodrome, on the edge of Sywell village, has three grass runways and one concrete all-weather runway. It is, however, only 1000 metres long and therefore cannot be served by passenger jets.


Media


Newspapers

The two main newspapers in the county are the Northamptonshire Evening Telegraph and the Northampton Chronicle & Echo.


Television

;BBC regions Most of Northamptonshire is served by the BBC's BBC East, East region which is based in Norwich. The regional news television programme, BBC Look East, provides local news across the East of England, Milton Keynes and most of Northamptonshire. An opt-out in ''Look East'' covers the west part of the region only, broadcast from Cambridge. This area also is covered by the BBC's The Politics Show, The Politics Show: East and Inside Out (2002 TV programme), Inside Out: East. A small part of the north of the county is covered by BBC East Midlands's regional news BBC East Midlands Today, while a small part of
South Northamptonshire South Northamptonshire was from 1974 to 2021 a district in Northamptonshire, England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to ...
is covered by BBC Oxford's regional news BBC South Today#BBC Oxford News, BBC Oxford News which is part of the BBC South Today programme. ;ITV regions Most of Northamptonshire is covered by ITV (TV network), ITV's Anglia Television, Anglia region (which broadcasts Anglia Today/Tonight); in the south-west of the county, primarily
Brackley Brackley is a market town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, ...
and the surrounding villages, broadcasts can be received from the Oxford transmitter which broadcasts Meridian Broadcasting, ITV Meridian's Meridian Today/Tonight.


Radio

BBC Radio Northampton, broadcasts on two FM radio, FM frequencies: 104.2 MHz for the south and west of the county (including
Northampton Northampton is a market town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on the River Nene, north-west of London and south-east of Birmingham. As the county town of Northamptonshire, Northampton is the largest settlement ...
and surrounding area) and 103.6 MHz for the north of the county (including
Kettering Kettering is a large market and industrial town in North Northamptonshire, England. It is located north of London and north-east of Northampton Northampton is a town and civil parish in the East Midlands region of England. It lies on ...

Kettering
,
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
and
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
). BBC Radio Northampton is situated on Abington Street, Northampton. These services are broadcast from the Moulton Park & Geddington transmitters. There are three commercial radio stations in the county. The former ''Kettering and Corby Broadcasting Company (KCBC)'' station was called Connect Radio (97.2 and 107.4 MHz FM), following a merger with the Wellingborough-based station of the same name. It is now part of Smooth East Midlands. While both Heart Northants (96.6 MHz FM) and AM broadcasting, AM station Smooth Northants (1557 kHz) air very little local content as they form part of a national network. National Digital audio broadcasting, digital radio is also available in Northamptonshire, though coverage is limited. Corby is served by its own dedicated station, Corby Radio (96.3fm), based in the town and focused on local content.


Sport


Rugby union

Northamptonshire has many rugby union clubs. Its premier team Northampton Saints, competes in the Aviva Premiership and won the European championship in 2000 by defeating Munster Rugby, Munster for the Heineken Cup, 9–8. Northampton Saints, Saints are based at the 15,249 capacity Franklin's Gardens ground. In 2014 the club won the Aviva Premiership as well as the Challenge Cup. For the 2014/15 campaign the team finished top of the table for the first time in the premiership, eventually losing 24–29 to Saracens in the playoff semi-final.


Association football

Northamptonshire has twenty four football (soccer), football clubs operating in the top ten levels of the English football league system. The sport in the area is administered by the Northamptonshire Football Association, which is affiliated with the United Counties League, the Northamptonshire Combination Football League, the Northampton Town Football League, as well as the Peterborough and District Football League in neighbouring
Cambridgeshire Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs.) is a county in the East of England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the north-east, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the ...

Cambridgeshire
. Only two clubs in Northamptonshire to have competed in The Football League are Northampton Town and the defunct Rushden & Diamonds.


Northampton Town F.C.

The only fully-professional English football league club in the county is Northampton Town F.C., Northampton Town, which attracts between 4,000 and 6,000 fans on an average game day and has been part of the Football League since 1920. Their home ground is Sixfields Stadium which opened in 1994. The first match there took place on 15 October against Barnet Football Club. The stadium can hold up to 7,500 people, with provisions for disabled fans.


Other clubs

The county also a number of semi-professional sides that compete in levels 6 to 8 of the football pyramid. These are Kettering Town F.C., Kettering Town, Brackley Town F.C., Brackley Town, AFC Rushden & Diamonds, and Corby Town F.C.. Nineteen teams compete in the United Counties League (UCL), a league operating at levels 9 and 10 of the English League system, and which encompasses all of Northamptonshire and parts of neighbouring counties.


Cricket

Northamptonshire County Cricket Club (also known as The Steelbacks) is in Division Two of the County Championship, and play their home games at the County Cricket Ground, Northampton. They finished as runners-up in the Championship on four occasions in the period before it split into two divisions. In 2013 the club won the Friends Life t20, beating Surrey in the final. Appearing in their 3rd final in 4 years, the Steelbacks to beat Durham by 4 wickets at Edgbaston in 2016 to lift the Natwest t20 Blast trophy for the second time. It also won the NatWest Trophy on two occasions and the Benson & Hedges Cup once.


Motor sport

Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone is a major motor racing circuit, most notably used for the Grand Prix motor racing, British Grand Prix. There is also a dedicated radio station for the circuit which broadcasts on 87.7 FM or 1602 MW when events are taking place. However, part of the circuit is across the border in Buckinghamshire. Rockingham Motor Speedway, Rockingham Speedway, located near
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
, was one of the largest motor sport venues in the United Kingdom with 52,000 seats until it was closed permanently in 2018 to make way for a logistics hub for the automotive industry, hosting its last race in November of that year. It was a US-style elliptical racing circuit (the largest of its kind outside of the United States), and is used extensively for all kinds of motor racing events. The Santa Pod drag racing circuit, venue for the FIA European Drag Racing Championships is just across the border in
Bedfordshire Bedfordshire (; abbreviated Beds) is a historic county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambe ...

Bedfordshire
but has a NN postcode area, NN postcode.
Cosworth Cosworth is a British automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958, specialising in high-performance internal combustion engines, powertrain, and electronics; for auto racing, automobile racing (motorsport) and mainstream Automoti ...
, the high-performance engineering company, is based in Northampton. Two Formula One teams are based in Northamptonshire, with Mercedes-Benz in Formula One, Mercedes at
Brackley Brackley is a market town A town is a human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, ...
and Aston Martin in Formula One, Aston Martin in
Silverstone Silverstone is a village and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in Northamptonshire, England. It is about from Towcester on the former A43 road, A43 main road, from the M1 motorway junction 15A and about from the M40 motorway junction 1 ...

Silverstone
. Aston Martin also have a secondary facility in Brackley, while Mercedes AMG High Performance Powertrains, Mercedes build engines for themselves, Aston Martin and Williams Grand Prix Engineering, Williams at
Brixworth Brixworth is a large village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and count ...
.


Swimming and diving

There are seven competitive swimming clubs in the county: Northampton Swimming Club, Wellingborough Amateur Swimming Club, Rushden Swimming Club, Kettering Amateur Swimming Club, Corby Amateur Swimming Club, Daventry Dolphins Swimming Club, and Nene Valley Swimming Club. There is also one diving club: Corby Steel Diving Club. The main pool in the county is Corby East Midlands International Pool, which has an 8-lane 50m swimming pool with a floor that can adjust in depth to provide a 25m pool. The pool is home to the Northamptonshire Amateur Association's County Championships as well as some of the Youth Midland Championships. Northamptonshire is home to 2016 paralympian Ellie Robinson. She was talent-spotted in July 2012 and developed at Northampton Swimming Club, and was selected to compete for Great Britain at the 2016 IPC Swimming European Championships. It was here she won three bronze and one silver medal.


Culture

Jane Austen set her 1814 novel ''Mansfield Park'' mostly in Northamptonshire. Melrose Plant, a prominent secondary protagonist in the Richard Jury series of mystery novels by Martha Grimes, resides in Northamptonshire, and much of the action in the books takes place there. ''Kinky Boots (film), Kinky Boots'', the 2005 British-American film and subsequent stage musical adaptation, was based on the true story of a traditional Northamptonshire shoe factory which, to stay afloat, entered the market for fetish footwear. Rock and pop bands originating in the area have included Bauhaus (band), Bauhaus, Temples (band), Temples, The Departure, New Cassettes, Raging Speedhorn and Defenestration (band), Defenestration. Richard Coles, an English musician, partnered in the 1980s with Jimmy Somerville to create The Communards band. They made three Top Ten Hits and made the Number 1 record in 1986 with their song 'Don't Leave Me This Way, Don't Leave me this way'. In 2012, The University of Northampton awarded him an honorary doctorate. He is now the vicar of Finedon in Northamptonshire. It is the birthplace of composer Malcolm Arnold (born October 21, 1921) and of actor Marc Warren (born March 20, 1967).


Places of interest


Annual events

* Gretton, Northamptonshire, Gretton Barn dance * Grand Prix motor racing, British Grand Prix at Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone * Burghley Horse Trials * Crick Boat Show * Hollowell, Hollowell Steam Rally * Northampton Balloon Festival * Rothwell Fair * Rushden Cavalcade * St Crispin Street Fair *
Wellingborough Wellingborough ( ) is a large market town in North Northamptonshire, England, from Northampton on the north side of the River Nene. Originally named "Wendelingburgh" (the stronghold of Wændel's people), the Anglo-Saxon settlement is mention ...

Wellingborough
Carnival * World Conker Championships * Buckby Feast *
Corby Corby is a town in North Northamptonshire, England, located north-east of Northampton. From 1974 to 2021, the town served as the administrative headquarters of the Borough of Corby. At the 2011 United Kingdom census, 2011 Census, the town had a ...
Highland Gathering


See also

* Custos Rotulorum of Northamptonshire - List of Keepers of the Rolls * Grade I listed buildings in Northamptonshire * High Sheriff of Northamptonshire * History of Northamptonshire * List of places in Northamptonshire * Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire * Northamptonshire (UK Parliament constituency) - Historical list of MPs for the Northamptonshire constituency * Northamptonshire Police * Northamptonshire Police and Crime Commissioner * :People from Northamptonshire


Notes


References

* * .


External links


Northamptonshire County Council
*
1894/5 description

Local Theatre in Northamptonshire

Northamptonshire History Website

Northamptonshire Tourism Website

Northamptonshire Guide WebsiteVisit Northamptonshire Website

Northamptonshire Online Forum

Images of Northamptonshire
at the English Heritage Archive {{Use dmy dates, date=December 2018 Northamptonshire, Non-metropolitan counties East Midlands Counties of England established in antiquity