HOME
TheInfoList



, neighboring_municipalities=
Adligenswil Adligenswil is a municipality in Lucerne District in Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. It is east of the city of Lucerne and borders on canton Schwyz. Geography Adligenswil is a spread out community on the north side of the valley of the Würzenba ...
,
Ebikon Ebikon is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. History Ebikon was first mentioned during the late 9th Century as ''marcha Abinchova''. Geography Ebikon has an area of . Of this area, 38.4% is used fo ...
, Emmen,
Horw Horw (; Swiss German: ''Horb'') is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. History Horw is first mentioned in 1231 as ''Horwe''. left, 250px, Horw Geography Horw has an area of . Of this area, 32.6% is ...
,
Kriens Kriens is a city and a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. The municipality lies at the foot of the mountain Pilatus, and is a western suburb of Lucerne. History In the oldest documents of the Benedict ...
,
Malters Malters is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. History Malters is first mentioned in second half of the 9th Century as ''in Maltrensi marcha''. In 1238 it was mentioned as ''villa Malters''. Geograph ...
,
Meggen Meggen is a municipality in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. History Meggen is first mentioned in 1226 as ''Meken'', though a 14th Century copy of an older document mentions ''in Acta Murensia'' around 1160. Geogra ...
,
Neuenkirch Neuenkirch is a municipality in the district of Sursee in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. History Neuenkirch is first mentioned in 1256 as ''nova ecclesia''. In 1259 it was mentioned as ''Nuwenkilch''. Geography Neuenkirch has an area of ...
Lucerne or Luzern ( )Pronunciations: ; german: Luzern ; gsw, Lozärn, label=
Lucerne German Swiss German (Standard German: ''Schweizerdeutsch'', gsw, Schwiizerdütsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, Schwizertitsch Mundart,Because of the many different dialects, and because there is no defined orthography for any of them, many d ...
; it, Lucerna ; rm, Lucerna
is a city in central
Switzerland ,german: Schweizer(in),french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federal semi-direct democracy under a multi-party assembly-independent directorial republic , leader_title1 = Federal Council , leader_name ...
, in the German-speaking portion of the country. Lucerne is the capital of the
canton of Lucerne The canton of Lucerne (german: Kanton Luzern ; french: canton de Lucerne ) is a canton of Switzerland. It is located in the centre of Switzerland. The population of the canton (as of ) is . , the population included 57,268 foreigners, or about 15 ...
and part of the
district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of muni ...
of the same name. With a population of approximately 82,000 people, Lucerne is the most populous city in
Central Switzerland Central Switzerland is the region of the Alpine foothills geographically the heart and historically the origin of Switzerland, with the cantons of Uri, Schwyz, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Lucerne and Zug. Central Switzerland is one of the NUTS 2 Statistic ...

Central Switzerland
, and a nexus of economics, transportation, culture, and media in the region. The city's
urban area An urban area, or built-up area, is a human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment. Urban areas are created through urbanization and are categorized by urban morphology as cities, towns, conurbations or ...

urban area
consists of 19 municipalities and towns with an overall population of about 220,000 people. Owing to its location on the shores of
Lake Lucerne Lake Lucerne (german: Vierwaldstättersee, literally "Lake of the four forested settlements" (in English usually translated as ''forest cantons''), french: lac des Quatre-Cantons, it, lago dei Quattro Cantoni) is a lake in central Switzerland an ...

Lake Lucerne
(german: Vierwaldstättersee) and its outflow, the river
ReussReuss may refer to: *Reuss (surname) *Reuss (river) in Switzerland *Reuss (state) or Reuß, several former states or countries in present-day Germany, and the Republic of Reuss *Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line (House of Reuss), members inclu ...
, within sight of the mounts
Pilatus Pilatus may refer to: People * Pontius Pilate (Latin: Pontius Pilatus, died 39 AD), Roman governor of Judea * Leontius Pilatus (died 1366), Greek Calabrian scholar * Rob Pilatus (1964–1998), artist and member of group Milli Vanilli Other uses * P ...
and
Rigi The Rigi (or ''Mount Rigi''; also known as ''Queen of the Mountains'') is a mountain massif of the Alps, located in Central Switzerland. The whole massif is almost entirely surrounded by the water of three different bodies of water: Lake Lucerne, ...
in the
Swiss Alps The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the ''Swiss Alps'' (german: Schweizer Alpen, french: Alpes suisses, it, Alpi svizzere, rm, Alps svizras), represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swis ...
, Lucerne has long been a destination for tourists. One of the city's famous landmarks is the
Chapel Bridge 300px, schematic rendering of typical "side chapels" in the apse of a cathedral, surrounding the ambulatory. A chapel is a Christian place of prayer and worship that is usually relatively small, and is distinguished from a church. The term has ...
(german: Kapellbrücke, link=no), a wooden bridge first erected in the 14th century. The official language of Lucerne is (the Swiss variety of Standard)
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language * Germanic peoples * Ger ...
, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic
Swiss German Swiss German (Standard German: ''Schweizerdeutsch'', gsw, Schwiizerdütsch, Schwyzerdütsch, Schwiizertüütsch, Schwizertitsch Mundart,Because of the many different dialects, and because there is no defined orthography for any of them, many d ...
dialect.


History


Early history and founding (750–1386)

After the
fall of the Roman Empire The fall of the Western Roman Empire (also called the fall of the Roman Empire or the fall of Rome), c. 376-476, was the process of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which the Empire failed to enforce its rule, and its vast territory was ...
beginning in the 6th century, Germanic Alemannic peoples increased their influence on this area of present-day Switzerland. Around 750 the Benedictine Monastery of St. Leodegar was founded, which was later acquired by
Murbach Abbey Murbach Abbey (french: Abbaye de Murbach) was a famous Benedictine monastery in Murbach, southern Alsace, in a valley at the foot of the Grand Ballon in the Vosges. The monastery was founded in 727 by Eberhard, Count of Alsace, and established as ...
in
Alsace Alsace (, also ; Low Alemannic German/ gsw-als, 's Elsàss ; german: Elsass ; la, Alsatia; ) is a cultural region and a territorial collectivity in Eastern France, on the west bank of the upper Rhine next to Germany and Switzerland. In 2017, it ...

Alsace
in the middle of the 9th century, and by this time the area had become known as ''Luciaria''. The origin of the name is uncertain, it is possibly derived from the Latin name of the pike, ''
lucius Lucius ( el, Λούκιος ''Loukios''; ett, Luvcie) is a male given name derived from ''Lucius'' (abbreviated ''L.''), one of the small group of common Latin forenames (''praenomina'') found in the culture of ancient Rome. Lucius derives from Lati ...
'', thus designating a pike fishing spot in the river Reuss. Derivation from the theonym
Lugus Lugus was a deity of the Celtic pantheon. His name is rarely directly attested in inscriptions, but his importance can be inferred from place names and ethnonyms, and his nature and attributes are deduced from the distinctive iconography of Gallo- ...
has been suggested but is phonetically implausible. In any case, the name was associated by popular etymology with Latin ''lucerna'' "lantern" from an early time. In 1178 Lucerne acquired its independence from the jurisdiction of Murbach Abbey, and the founding of the city proper probably occurred that same year. The city gained importance as a strategically located gateway for the growing commerce from the Gotthard trade route. By 1290, Lucerne had become a self-sufficient city of reasonable size with about 3000 inhabitants. About this time King Rudolph I von Habsburg gained authority over the Monastery of St. Leodegar and its lands, including Lucerne. The populace was not content with the increasing
Habsburg The House of Habsburg (; ; alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English; german: Haus Habsburg, es, Casa de Habsburgo, hu, Habsburg-család), also House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich, es, link=no, Casa de Austria), was one of the most ...
influence, and Lucerne allied with neighboring towns to seek independence from their rule. Along with Lucerne, the three other forest cantons of
Uri A Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is a unique sequence of characters that identifies a logical or physical resource used by web technologies. URIs may be used to identify anything, including real-world objects, such as people and places, concep ...
,
Schwyz The town of Schwyz (; french: Schwytz; it, Svitto) is the capital of the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland. The Federal Charter of 1291 or ''Bundesbrief'', the charter that eventually led to the foundation of Switzerland, can be seen at the ''Bu ...
and
Unterwalden Unterwalden (Latinized as ''Sylvania'', later also ''Subsylvania'' as opposed to ''Supersylvania'') is the old name of a forest-canton of the Old Swiss Confederacy in central Switzerland, south of Lake Lucerne, consisting of two valleys or ''Talsc ...

Unterwalden
formed the "eternal"
Swiss Confederacy The Old Swiss Confederacy or Swiss Confederacy, Swiss Confederation (Modern German: ; historically , after the Reformation also , "Republic of the Swiss") was a loose confederation of independent small states (, German or ) within the Holy Rom ...
, known as the ''
Eidgenossenschaft ''Eidgenossenschaft'' () is a German word specific to the political history of Switzerland. It means "oath commonwealth" or "oath alliance" in reference to the "eternal pacts" formed between the Eight Cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy of the l ...
'', on November 7, 1332. Later the cities of
Zürich , neighboring_municipalities = Adliswil, Dübendorf, Fällanden, Kilchberg, Maur, Oberengstringen, Opfikon, Regensdorf, Rümlang, Schlieren, Stallikon, Uitikon, Urdorf, Wallisellen, Zollikon , twintowns = Kunming, San Francisco Zürich is the lar ...

Zürich
, Zug and
Bern ,german: Berner(in),french: Bernois(e), it, Bernese , neighboring_municipalities = Bremgarten bei Bern, Frauenkappelen, Ittigen, Kirchlindach, Köniz, Mühleberg, Muri bei Bern, Neuenegg, Ostermundigen, Wohlen bei Bern, Zollikofen , website ...
joined the alliance. With the help of these additions, the rule of
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine federated states (''Bund ...
over the area came to an end. The issue was settled by Lucerne's victory over the Habsburgs in the
Battle of Sempach The Battle of Sempach was fought on 9 July 1386, between Leopold III, Duke of Austria and the Old Swiss Confederacy. The battle was a decisive Swiss victory in which Duke Leopold and numerous Austrian nobles died. The victory helped turn the loos ...
in 1386. For Lucerne this victory ignited an era of expansion. The city shortly granted many rights to itself, rights which had been withheld by the Habsburgs until then. By this time the borders of Lucerne were approximately those of today.


From city to city-state (1386–1520)

In 1415 Lucerne gained ''
Reichsfreiheit Imperial immediacy (german: Reichsfreiheit or ') was a privileged constitutional and political status rooted in German feudal law under which the Imperial estates of the Holy Roman Empire such as Imperial cities, prince-bishoprics and secular princ ...
'' from
Emperor Sigismund Sigismund of Luxembourg (15 February 1368 – 9 December 1437) was prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, king of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, king of Germany from 1411, king of Bohemia from 1419, king of I ...
and became a strong member of the Swiss confederacy. The city developed its infrastructure, raised taxes, and appointed its own local officials. The city's population of 3000 dropped about 40% due to the
Black Plague The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague pandemic occurring in Afro-Eurasia from 1346 to 1353. It is the most fatal pandemic recorded in human history, causing the death of people i ...
and several wars around 1350. In 1419 town records show the first witch trial against a male person.


Swiss-Catholic town (1520–1798)

Among the growing towns of the confederacy, Lucerne was especially popular in attracting new residents. Remaining predominantly Catholic, Lucerne hosted its own annual
passion play#REDIRECT Passion Play ...
from 1453 to 1616, a two-day-long play of 12 hours performance per day. As the confederacy broke up during the
Reformation The Reformation (alternatively named the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a major movement within Western Christianity in 16th-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Catholic Church and in p ...
, after 1520, most nearby cities became Protestant, but Lucerne remained Catholic. After the victory of the Catholics over the Protestants in the Battle at Kappel in 1531, the Catholic towns dominated the confederacy. It was during this period that
Jesuits The Society of Jesus (SJ; la, Societas Iesu) is a religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome. It was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and six companions with the approval of Pope Paul III in 1540. The members are called Jesuits ...
first came to Lucerne in 1567, with their arrival given considerable backing by Cardinal
Carlo Borromeo Charles Borromeo ( it, Carlo Borromeo; la, Carolus Borromeus; 2 October 1538 – 3 November 1584) was the Archbishop of Milan from 1564 to 1584 and a cardinal of the Catholic Church. He was a leading figure of the Counter-Reformation combat against ...

Carlo Borromeo
,
Archbishop of Milan The Archdiocese of Milan ( it, Arcidiocesi di Milano; la, Archidioecesis Mediolanensis) is a metropolitan see of the Catholic Church in Italy which covers the areas of Milan, Monza, Lecco and Varese. It has long maintained its own Latin liturgical ri ...
. The region, though, was destined to be dominated by Protestant cities such as Zürich, Bern and
Basel , french: link=no, Bâlois(e), it, Basilese , neighboring_municipalities= Allschwil (BL), Hégenheim (FR-68), Binningen (BL), Birsfelden (BL), Bottmingen (BL), Huningue (FR-68), Münchenstein (BL), Muttenz (BL), Reinach (BL), Riehen (BS), Saint-L ...
, which defeated the Catholic forces in the 1712
Toggenburg War The Toggenburg War, also known as the Second War of Villmergen or the Swiss Civil War of 1712, was a Swiss civil war during the Old Swiss Confederacy, that took place from 12 April until 11 August 1712. On the one hand there were the Catholic "in ...
. The former prominent position of Lucerne in the confederacy was lost forever. In the 16th and 17th centuries, wars and epidemics became steadily less frequent and as a result the population of the country increased strongly. Lucerne was besieged by a peasant army and quickly signed a peace treaty with the rebels in the
Swiss peasant war of 1653 The Swiss peasant war of 1653 was a popular revolt in the Old Swiss Confederacy at the time of the Ancien Régime. A devaluation of Bernese money caused a tax revolt that spread from the Entlebuch valley in the Canton of Lucerne to the Emmental va ...
.


Century of revolutions (1798–1914)

In 1798, nine years after the beginning of the
French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers to the period that began with the Estates General of 1789 and ended in November 1799 with the formation of the French Consulate. Many of its ideas are considered fundamental principles of Western liberal de ...
, the French army marched into Switzerland. The old confederacy collapsed and the government became democratic. The industrial revolution hit Lucerne rather late, and by 1860 only 1.7% of the population worked in industry, which was about a quarter of the national average at that time. Agriculture, which employed about 40% of the workers, was the main form of economic output in the canton. Nevertheless, industry was attracted to the city from areas around Lucerne. From 1850 to 1913, the population quadrupled and the flow of settlers increased. In 1856 trains first linked the city to
Olten Olten is a town in the canton of Solothurn in Switzerland and capital of the district of the same name. Olten's railway station is within 30 minutes of Zürich, Basel, Bern, and Lucerne by train, and is a rail hub of Switzerland. History Sign ...
and Basel, then Zug and Zürich in 1864 and finally to the south in 1897. The 1804 play ''
William Tell William Tell (german: Wilhelm Tell, ; french: Guillaume Tell; it, Guglielmo Tell; rm, Guglielm Tell) is a folk hero of Switzerland. According to the legend, Tell was an expert marksman with the crossbow who assassinated Albrecht Gessler, a tyrann ...
'' by
Friedrich Schiller Johann Christoph Friedrich (von) Schiller (, short: ; 10 November 17599 May 1805) was a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life (1788–1805), Schiller developed a productive, i ...
did much to establish the reputation of Lucerne and its environs. Schiller himself had not been to Lucerne, but was inspired to write the play by his wife Lotte and his friend
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German poet, playwright, novelist, scientist, statesman, theatre director, critic, and amateur artist. His works include: four novels; epic and lyric poetry; prose and verse dra ...
, who had both personally visited the city and its surrounding canton. Goethe had lodged in the Hirschenplatz on his route to Italy in 1779. It was during the latter part of the 19th century that Lucerne became a popular destination for artists, royalty and others to escape to. The German composer
Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner ( ; ; 22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most ope ...
established a residence at
Tribschen Tribschen (also seen as ''Triebschen'') is a district of the city of Lucerne, in the Canton of Lucerne in central Switzerland. Tribschen is best known today as the home of the German composer Richard Wagner from 30 March 1866 to 22 April 1872. Wh ...
in 1866 from which he lived and worked. The city was then boosted by a visit by
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death in 1901. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was lo ...

Queen Victoria
to the city in 1868, during which she went sightseeing at the
Kapellbrücke The Kapellbrücke (literally, Chapel Bridge) is a covered wooden footbridge spanning the river Reuss diagonally in the city of Lucerne in central Switzerland. Named after the nearby St. Peter's Chapel, the bridge is unique in containing a number ...
and Lion Monument and relished speaking with local people in her native German. The American writer
Mark Twain Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist the United States has prod ...
further popularised the city and its environs in his travel writings after visiting twice, in 1878 and 1897. In 1892 Swiss poet and future
Nobel Prize laureate Nobel laureates of 2012 Alvin E. Roth, Brian Kobilka, Robert J. Lefkowitz">Brian_Kobilka.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="Alvin E. Roth, Brian Kobilka">Alvin E. Roth, Brian Kobilka, Robert J. Lefkowitz, Da ...
Carl Spitteler Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (24 April 1845 – 29 December 1924) was a Swiss poet who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1919 "in special appreciation of his epic, ''Olympian Spring''". His work includes both pessimistic and heroic p ...
also established himself in Lucerne, living there until his death in 1924. Lucerne's status as a fashionable destination led to it becoming one of the first centres of modern-style tourism. Some of the city's most recognisable buildings are hotels from this period, such as the Schweizerhof Hotel (1845), Grand Hotel National (1870), and Château Gütsch (1879). It was at the
National National may refer to: Common uses * Nation or country ** Nationality – a ''national'' is a person who is subject to a nation, regardless of whether the person has full rights as a citizen ** National (distribution), a type of product or publi ...
that Swiss hotelier
César Ritz César Ritz (23 February 1850 – 24 October 1918) was a Swiss hotelier and founder of several hotels, most famously the Hôtel Ritz in Paris and the Ritz and Carlton Hotels in London (the forerunners of the modern Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company). He ...
would establish himself as manager between 1878 and 1888.


20th and 21st century

In August 1993, the
Kapellbrücke The Kapellbrücke (literally, Chapel Bridge) is a covered wooden footbridge spanning the river Reuss diagonally in the city of Lucerne in central Switzerland. Named after the nearby St. Peter's Chapel, the bridge is unique in containing a number ...
in the centre of the city suffered from a great fire which destroyed two thirds of its interior paintings. The bridge was subsequently reconstructed and reopened to the public in April 1994, after a total of CHF 3.4 million was spent on its repair. On June 17, 2007, voters of the city of Lucerne and the adjacent town of
Littau Littau is a former municipality, and now part of the city of Lucerne, in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. On 1 January 2010 the municipality of Littau merged into the municipality of Lucerne. History Littau is fir ...
agreed to a merger in a simultaneous
referendum A referendum (plural: referendums or less commonly referenda) is a direct and universal vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal and can have nationwide or local forms. This may result in the adoption of a new ...

referendum
. This took effect on January 1, 2010. The new city, still called Lucerne, has a population of around 80,000 people, making it the seventh-largest city in Switzerland. The results of this referendum are expected to pave the way for negotiations with other nearby cities and towns in an effort to create a unified city-region, based on the results of a study.


Geography and climate


Topography

Lucerne is located at the outfall of
Lake Lucerne Lake Lucerne (german: Vierwaldstättersee, literally "Lake of the four forested settlements" (in English usually translated as ''forest cantons''), french: lac des Quatre-Cantons, it, lago dei Quattro Cantoni) is a lake in central Switzerland an ...

Lake Lucerne
into the river
ReussReuss may refer to: *Reuss (surname) *Reuss (river) in Switzerland *Reuss (state) or Reuß, several former states or countries in present-day Germany, and the Republic of Reuss *Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line (House of Reuss), members inclu ...
, which flows from south-east to north-west. The city occupies both banks of the river and the lowest reach of the lake, with the city centre straddling the river immediately downstream of the outfall. The city's suburbs climb the hills to the north-east and south-west, and stretch out along the river and lake banks, whilst the recently added area of
Littau Littau is a former municipality, and now part of the city of Lucerne, in the district of Lucerne in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. On 1 January 2010 the municipality of Littau merged into the municipality of Lucerne. History Littau is fir ...
is to the north-west. Besides this contiguous city area, the municipality also includes an
exclave An enclave is a territory (or a part of one) that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state. Enclaves may also exist within territorial waters. ''Enclave'' is sometimes used improperly to denote a territory that is only partly s ...
on the south shore of Lake Lucerne some away, comprising the northern slopes of the
Bürgenstock The Bürgenstock is a mountain in Switzerland (1,115 m above sea level) located partway along the shore of Lake Lucerne. Bürgenstock is also a resort located at 874 m a.s.l. on the same mountain. The lookout point at the summit of the Bürgenstoc ...
. This section of the municipality is entirely surrounded by the lake and by land of the
canton of Nidwalden Nidwalden, also Nidwald (german: (Kanton) Nidwalden, ) is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of eleven municipalities and the seat of the government and parliament is in Stans. It is traditionally considered a "h ...
. It does not contain any significant settlements, but the summit of the Bürgenstock is the highest point of the municipality. The municipality has an area of . Of this area and , 28.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 22.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 47.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (2.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).


Climate

Between 1961 and 1990 Lucerne had an average of 138.1 days of rain per year and on average received of
precipitation In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravitational pull from clouds. The main forms of precipitation include drizzling, rain, sleet, snow, ice pellets, graupel and hail. ...
. The wettest month was June during which time Lucerne received an average of of rainfall. During this month there was rainfall for an average of 14.2 days. The driest month of the year was February with an average of of precipitation over 10.2 days. Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The
Köppen Climate Classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by German-Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably i ...
subtype for this climate is " Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/
Oceanic climate Oceanic may refer to: *Of or relating to the ocean *Of or relating to Oceania **Oceanic climate **Oceanic languages **Oceanic person or people, also called "Pacific Islander(s)" Places *Oceanic, British Columbia, a settlement on Smith Island, Br ...
).


Politics


Government

The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the
executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or function * Executive (government), branch of government that has authority and responsibility for the administration of state bureaucracy * Executive, a senior management role in an organization ** Chief exec ...
government of the city of Lucerne and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of five councilors (german: Stadtrat/-rätin), each presiding over a directorate (''Direktion'') comprising several departments and bureaus. The president of the executive department acts as mayor (''Stadtpräsident''). In the mandate period (''Legislatur'') September 2016 – August 2020 the City Council is presided by ''Stadtpräsident''
Beat Züsli Beat, beats or beating may refer to: Common meanings Assigned activity or area * Patrol, an area (usually geographic) that one is responsible to monitor, including: ** Beat (police), the territory and time that a police officer patrols ** Beat ...
. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Grand City Council are carried by the City Council. The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. Any resident of Lucerne allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The delegates are selected by means of a system of Majorz. The mayor is elected as such as well by public election while the heads of the other directorates are assigned by the collegiate. , Luzern's City Council is made up of one representative of the SP (
Social Democratic Party The name Social Democratic Party or Social Democrats has been used by many political parties in various countries around the world. Such parties are most commonly aligned to social democracy as their political ideology. Active parties Form ...
, who is also the mayor), and one each of CVP (
Christian Democratic Party __NOTOC__ Christian democratic parties are political parties that seek to apply Christian principles to public policy. The underlying Christian democracy movement emerged in 19th-century Europe, largely under the influence of Catholic social teac ...
), GPS (
Green Party A Green party is a formally organized political party based on the principles of green politics, such as social justice, environmentalism and nonviolence. Greens believe that these issues are inherently related to one another as a foundation f ...
), FDP ( FDP.The Liberals), and glp ( Green Liberal Party). The last regular election was held on 1 May/5 June 2016. Toni Göpfert (FDP) is Town Chronicler (''Stadtschreiber'') since 1990.


Parliament

The Grand City Council (Grosser Stadtrat) holds
legislative power A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with th ...
. It is made up of 48 members, with elections held every four years. The Grand City Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. The delegates are selected by means of a system of
proportional representation Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical, and to ideological partitioning of the electorate. ...
. The sessions of the Grand City Council are public. Unlike members of the City Council, members of the Grand City Council are not politicians by profession, and they are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Luzern allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Grand City Council. The parliament holds its meetings in the ''Rathaus'' (Town Hall) am Kornmarkt. The last regular election of the Grand City Council was held on 1 May 2016 for the mandate period (german: Legislatur) from September 2016 to August 2020. Currently the Grand City Council consist of 13 members of the Social Democratic Party (SP/PS) and one of its junior section, the ''JUSO'', 9 The Liberals (FDP/PLR), 7 Christian Democratic People's Party (CVP/PDC), 7 Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC), 6 Green Party (GPS/PES) and one of its junior section, the ''jg of Luzern'', and 4 Green Liberal Party (GLP/PVL).


National elections


National Council

In the 2019 federal election for the
Swiss National Council The National Council (german: Nationalrat; french: Conseil national; it, Consiglio nazionale; rm, Cussegl naziunal) is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland, the upper house being the Council of States. With 200 seats, the Nationa ...
the most popular party was the PS which received 25.0% (-0.7) of the vote. The next five most popular parties were the
Green Party A Green party is a formally organized political party based on the principles of green politics, such as social justice, environmentalism and nonviolence. Greens believe that these issues are inherently related to one another as a foundation f ...
(20.8%, +7.4), the SVP (15.0%, -4.6), the CVP (14.1%, 0), FDP (13.0%, -2.5), the glp (10.5%, +1.8). In the federal election a total of 25,836 votes were cast, and the
voter turnout In political science, voter turnout is the percentage of eligible voters who cast a ballot in an election. Eligibility varies by country, and the voting-eligible population should not be confused with the total adult population. Age and citizensh ...
was 49.5%. In the 2015 election for the
Swiss National Council The National Council (german: Nationalrat; french: Conseil national; it, Consiglio nazionale; rm, Cussegl naziunal) is the lower house of the Federal Assembly of Switzerland, the upper house being the Council of States. With 200 seats, the Nationa ...
the most popular party was the
SP Sp or SP may refer to: Arts and entertainment * /sp/, the sports board on the Internet forum 4chan * ''SP'' (TV series), a Japanese TV series * Game Boy Advance SP, an upgraded version of the Game Boy Advance handheld video game system, released i ...
which received 25.8% of the vote. The next five most popular parties were the SVP (19.5%), the FDP (15.4%), the CVP (14.1%), the
GPS The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, Announcements from Vice President Al Gore and the Clinton Administration in 1998 initiated these changes, which were authorized by the U.S. Congress in 2000. During the 1990s, GPS ...
(13.3%), and the GLP (8.9%). In the federal election, a total of 26,521 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 49.48%.


International relations


Twin towns

Lucerne is twinned with the following towns: *
Bournemouth Bournemouth () is a coastal resort town on the south coast of England. At the 2011 census, the town had a population of 183,491. With Poole to the west and Christchurch in the east, Bournemouth is part of the South East Dorset conurbation, which ...
, United Kingdom (1981) *
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivisio ...

Chicago
,
Illinois Illinois ( ) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It has the fifth largest gross domestic product (GDP), the sixth largest population, and the 25th largest land area of all U.S. states. Illinois has been noted as a micr ...
, United States (1999) *
Cieszyn Cieszyn ( , ; cs, Těšín ; german: Teschen; la, Tessin) is a border town in southern Poland on the east bank of the Olza River, and the administrative seat of Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship. The town has 34,513 inhabitants (as of 2019), and ...
, Poland (1994) * Guebwiller / Murbach, France (1978) *
Olomouc Olomouc (, , ; locally or ; german: Olmütz; pl, Ołomuniec ; hu, Alamóc}; la, Olomucium or ''Iuliomontium'') is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. Located on the Morava River, the city is the ecclesiastical metropolis and was ...
, Czech Republic (1994) *
Potsdam Potsdam () is the capital and largest city of the German state of Brandenburg. It directly borders the German capital, Berlin, and is part of the Berlin/Brandenburg Metropolitan Region. It is situated on the River Havel some southwest of Berlin ...
, Germany (2002)


Demography


Population

Lucerne has a population (as of ) of . , 19,264 or 25.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals, of which 19.9% are from
Europe Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia, and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlant ...
, 2.8% from
Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with b ...
, 1.2% from
Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of it ...

Africa
and 1.0% from
America The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, 326 India ...
. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 1.2%. Most of the population () speak
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language * Germanic peoples * Ger ...
(87%), with
Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional Italian, regional variants of the ...
, as well as
Serbo-Croatian Serbo-Croatian () – also called Serbo-Croat (), Serbo-Croat-Bosnian (SCB), Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian (BCS), and Bosnian-Croatian-Montenegrin-Serbian (BCMS) – is a South Slavic language and the primary language of Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and ...
and
English English usually refers to: * English language * English people English may also refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * ''English'', an adjective for something of, from, or related to England ** English national identity, an identity and ...

English
with 5% being second most common languages, followed by
French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France ** French language, a French language which originated in France, and its various dialects ** French people, a nation and ethnic group identified with Fr ...
and Albanian with 3%, and
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...
and
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (disambiguation), the name of several ...
with 2% each. The age distribution in Lucerne is (); 12,916 people or 15.7% of the population is 0–19 years old. 26,381 people or 33.8% are 20–39 years old, and 25,863 people or 32.1% are 40–64 years old. The senior population distribution is 10,530 people or 13.1% are 65–79 years old, 4,208 or 5.2% are 80–89 years old and 900 people or 1.1% of the population are 90+ years old. In Lucerne about 73.6% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a ''
Fachhochschule A ''Fachhochschule'' (; plural ''Fachhochschulen''), abbreviated FH, or University of Applied Sciences (UAS) is a German tertiary education institution that specializes in a particular applied science or applied art, such as engineering, technology ...
''). there are 30,586 households, of which 15,452 households (or about 50.5%) contain only a single individual. 853 or about 2.8% are large households, with at least five members.LUSTAT Lucerne Cantonal Statistics
accessed 12 August 2009
there were 5,707 inhabited buildings in the municipality, of which 4,050 were built only as housing, and 1,657 were
mixed use Traditional mixed-use development pattern in a city center: North_Macedonia.html"_style="text-decoration:_none;"class="mw-redirect"_title="Bitola,_North_Macedonia">Bitola,_North_Macedonia_ Mixed-use_development_is_a_term_used_for_two_related_ ...
buildings. There were 1,152 single family homes, 348 double family homes, and 2,550 multi-family homes in the municipality. Most homes were either two (787) or three (1,468) story structures. There were only 74 single story buildings and 1,721 four or more story buildings.


Historic population

The historical population of Lucerne is given in the following table:


Religion

The city grew up around Sankt Leodegar Abbey, founded in AD 840, and remained strongly
Roman Catholic Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people, the people of ancient Rome *''Epistle to the Romans'', shortened to ''Romans'', a letter in ...
into the 21st century. By 1850, 96.9% of the population was Catholic, in 1900 it was 81.9% and in 1950 it was still 72.3%. the religious membership of Lucerne was: 35,682 (60%) Roman Catholic, 9,227 (15.5%) Protestant, with an additional 1,979 (3.33%) who were of some other Christian denominations; 1,824 individuals (3.07% of the population) Muslim; 196 individuals (0.33% of the population) Jewish. Of the remainder, 1,073 (1.8%) individuals were another religion; 6,310 (10.61%) stated they do not belong to any organized religion; and 3,205 (5.39%) did not answer the question.


Economy

, there were a total of 77,641 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 166 people worked in 53 businesses in the primary economic sector. The
secondary sector In macroeconomics, the secondary sector of the economy is an economic sector in the three-sector theory which describes the role of manufacturing. It encompasses the industries which produce a finished, usable product or are involved in construc ...
employed 7,326 workers in 666 separate businesses. Finally, the
tertiary sector The tertiary sector of the economy, generally known as the service sector, is the third of the three economic sectors of the three-sector theory. The others are the secondary sector (approximately the same as manufacturing), and the primary secto ...
provided 70,149 jobs in 6,929 businesses. In 2013 a total of 11.0% of the population received social assistance.Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Regional portraits
accessed 2 May 2016
51.7% of the population of the municipality were employed in some capacity. At the same time, women made up 47.9% of the workforce. Lucerne is home to a number of major Swiss companies, including
Schindler Group , logo = Logo-schindler.png , logo_size = 200px , image = SchindlerTestTowerHeadOfficeEbikon.jpg , image_size = 250px , image_caption = Schindler Test Tower at the Head Office in Ebikon, Canton of Lucerne, Switzerland , type = Public (''Aktiengesel ...
, Chronoswiss, Emmi,
EF Education First EF Education First (abbreviated as EF) is an international education company that specializes in language training, educational travel, academic degree programs, and cultural exchange. The company was founded in 1965 by Bertil Hult in the Swedis ...
and the Luzerner Kantonalbank.
Suva Suva () is the capital of Fiji, and its largest metropolitan city. It is located on the southeast coast of the island of Viti Levu, in Rewa Province, Central Division. In 1877, it was decided to make Suva the capital of Fiji. At that time, th ...
, one of Switzerland's oldest accident insurance companies, is also based in Lucerne, as is the University of Lucerne, the youngest of Switzerland's traditional universities. Thanks to its continuous tax-cutting policies, Lucerne has become Switzerland's most business-friendly canton. Lucerne offers Switzerland's lowest corporate tax rate at cantonal level. Furthermore, Lucerne also offers very moderate personal income tax rates. In a recent published study of BAK Basel Economics taxation index 2012, Lucerne made it to the 4th place with an only marginally 2% higher tax rate compared to the top canton in this comparison.


Sights

Since the city straddles the
ReussReuss may refer to: *Reuss (surname) *Reuss (river) in Switzerland *Reuss (state) or Reuß, several former states or countries in present-day Germany, and the Republic of Reuss *Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line (House of Reuss), members inclu ...
where it drains the lake, it has a number of bridges. The most famous is the Chapel Bridge (''
Kapellbrücke The Kapellbrücke (literally, Chapel Bridge) is a covered wooden footbridge spanning the river Reuss diagonally in the city of Lucerne in central Switzerland. Named after the nearby St. Peter's Chapel, the bridge is unique in containing a number ...
''), a long wooden covered bridge originally built in 1333, the oldest covered bridge in
Europe Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It comprises the westernmost peninsulas of the continental landmass of Eurasia, and is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlant ...
, although much of it had to be replaced after a fire on 18 August 1993, allegedly caused by a discarded cigarette. Partway across, the bridge runs by the octagonal Water Tower (''Wasserturm''), a fortification from the 13th century. Inside the bridge are a series of paintings from the 17th century depicting events from Lucerne's history. The Bridge with its Tower is the city's most famous landmark. Downriver, between the Kasernenplatz and the Mühlenplatz, the Spreuer Bridge (''Spreuerbrücke'' or ''Mühlenbrücke'', Mill Bridge) zigzags across the Reuss. Constructed in 1408, it features a series of medieval-style 17th century plague paintings by Kaspar Meglinger (:de:Kaspar Meglinger, de) titled ''Dance of Death'' (''Totentanzzyklus''). The bridge has a small chapel in the middle that was added in 1568. Old Town Lucerne is mainly located just north of the Reuss, and still has several fine half-timber structures with painted fronts. Remnants of the old town walls exist on the hill above Lucerne, complete with eight tall watch towers. An additional gated tower sits at the base of the hill on the banks of the
ReussReuss may refer to: *Reuss (surname) *Reuss (river) in Switzerland *Reuss (state) or Reuß, several former states or countries in present-day Germany, and the Republic of Reuss *Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line (House of Reuss), members inclu ...
. The twin needle towers of the Church of St. Leodegar (Lucerne), Church of St. Leodegar, which was named after the city's patron saint, sit on a small hill just above the lake front. Originally built in 735, the present structure was erected in 1633 in the late Renaissance style. However, the towers are surviving remnants of an earlier structure. The interior is richly decorated. The church is popularly called the ''Hofkirche'' (in German) and is known locally as the ''Hofchile'' (in Swiss-German). Bertel Thorvaldsen's famous carving of a dying lion (the '' Lion Monument'', or ''Löwendenkmal'') is found in a small park just off the Löwenplatz. The carving commemorates the hundreds of Swiss Guards who were 10 August (French Revolution), massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution, when an armed mob stormed the Tuileries Palace in Paris. The Swiss Museum of Transport is a large and comprehensive museum exhibiting all forms of transport, including locomotives, automobiles, ships, and aircraft. It is to be found beside the lake in the northern-eastern section of the city. The Culture and Convention Center (KKL) beside the lake in the center of the city was designed by Nouvel Jean, Jean Nouvel. The center has one of the world's leading concert halls, with acoustics by Russell Johnson (architect), Russell Johnson. The Richard Wagner Museum is found on the lake at
Tribschen Tribschen (also seen as ''Triebschen'') is a district of the city of Lucerne, in the Canton of Lucerne in central Switzerland. Tribschen is best known today as the home of the German composer Richard Wagner from 30 March 1866 to 22 April 1872. Wh ...
and is dedicated to the composer
Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner ( ; ; 22 May 181313 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most ope ...
. Wagner lived in Lucerne from 1866 to 1872 and his former villa now hosts the museum dedicated to him.


Culture and events


Culture

Since plans for the new culture and convention centre arose in the late 1980s, Lucerne has found a balance between the so-called established culture and alternative culture. A consensus was reached that culminated in a culture compromise (Kulturkompromiss). The established culture comprises the Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre (KKL), the city theater (Luzerner Theater) and, in a broader sense, smaller establishments such as the Kleintheater, founded by comedian Emil Steinberger (actor), Emil Steinberger, a Lucerne native, or Stadtkeller, a music restaurant in the city's old town. KKL houses a concert hall as well as the Museum of Art Lucerne (Kunstmuseum Luzern). Alternative culture took place mostly on the premises of a former tube factory, which became known as Boa (Lucerne), Boa. Other localities for alternative culture have since emerged in the same inner city area as Boa. Initially, Boa staged various plays, but concerts became more and more common; this new use of the building clashed with the development of apartment buildings on nearby lots of land. Due to possible noise pollution, Boa was closed and a replacement in a less heavily inhabited area is currently under construction. Critics claimed though that the new establishment would not meet the requirements for an alternative culture. Südpol is a center for performing arts in Lucerne presenting music-, dance- and theatre-events. The house at the foot of
Pilatus Pilatus may refer to: People * Pontius Pilate (Latin: Pontius Pilatus, died 39 AD), Roman governor of Judea * Leontius Pilatus (died 1366), Greek Calabrian scholar * Rob Pilatus (1964–1998), artist and member of group Milli Vanilli Other uses * P ...
opened in November 2008. Lucerne is home to the Luzerner Sinfonieorchester, a category A symphonic orchestra, and to the 21st Century Symphony, 21st Century Symphony Orchestra, and they both hold most of their performances in the Lucerne Culture and Congress Centre. Lucerne is also home to Keramikkonzerte, a series of classical chamber music concerts held throughout each year, as well as Zaubersee, a festival dedicated to Russian classical music.


Events

Every year, towards the end of winter, ''Fasnacht'' (Carnival) breaks out in the streets, alleyways and squares of the old town. This is a glittering outdoor party, where chaos and merriness reign and nothing is as it normally is. Strange characters in fantastic masks and costumes make their way through the alleyways, while ''Guggenmusiken'' (carnival bands) blow their instruments in joyful cacophony and thousands of bizarrely clad people sing and dance away the winter. The ''Lucerner Fasnacht'', based on religious, Catholic backgrounds, starts every year on the Thursday before ''Aschermittwoch'' (Ash Wednesday) with a big bang at 5am called ''Morgenwacht'' (Morning Watch). There are big parades in the afternoon on ''Schmotzige Donnerstag'' (literally: Fat Tuesday, Lardy Thursday) and the following Monday, called ''Güdismontag'' (literally: Shrove Monday, Paunch Monday), which attract tens of thousands of people. Lucerne's Carnival ends with a crowning finish on ''Güdisdienstag'' (literally: Fat Tuesday, Paunch Tuesday) evening with the ''Monstercorso'', a tremendous parade of ''Guggenmusiken'', lights and lanterns with even a larger audience. Rather recently a fourth Fasnacht day has been introduced on the Saturday between the others Fasnacht days, the ''Rüüdige Samstag'' while mainly several indoor balls take place. From dusk till dawn on the evenings of ''Schmotzige Donnerstag'', ''Güdismontag'', and after the ''Monstercorso'' many bands wander through the historical part of the city playing typical Fasnacht tunes. Until midnight, the historical part of the city usually is packed with people participating. A large part of the audience are also dressed up in costumes, even a majority in the evenings. The city hosts various renowned festivals throughout the year. The Lucerne Festival for classical music takes place in the summer. Its orchestra, the Lucerne Festival Orchestra, is hand-picked from some of the finest instrumentalists in the world. In June yearly the pop music festival B-Sides takes place in Lucerne. It focuses on international acts in alternative music, indie rock, experimental rock and other State of the art, cutting edge and left field artistic musical genres. In July, the Blue Balls Festival brings jazz, blues and punk music to the lake promenade and halls of the Culture and Convention Center. The Lucerne Blues Festival is another musical festival which usually takes place in November. Since spring 2004, Lucerne has hosted the Festival Rose d'Or for television entertainment. And in April, the well-established comics festival ''Fumetto'' attracts an international audience. Being the cultural center of a rather rural region, Lucerne regularly holds different folklore festivals, such as Lucerne Cheese Festival, held annually. In 2004, Lucerne was the focus of Schwingen, Swiss Wrestling fans when it had hosted the Swiss Wrestling and Alpine festival (''Eidgenössisches Schwing- und Älplerfest''), which takes place every three years in a different location. A national music festival (''Eidgenössiches Musikfest'') attracted marching bands from all parts of Switzerland in 2006. In summer 2008, the yodelling festival (''Eidgenössisches Jodlerfest'') had a similar impact. The 2021 Winter Universiade will be hosted by Lucerne.


Transport

Lucerne boasts a developed and well-run transport network, with the main operator, Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern, Verkehrsbetriebe Luzern (VBL), running both the trolleybuses in Lucerne and a motor buses network in the city and to neighboring municipalities. Other operators, such as PostBus Switzerland, PostAuto Schweiz and Auto AG Rothenburg, provide bus services to other towns and villages. Lucerne railway station is one of Switzerland's principal stations, and is well-connected to the rest of Switzerland via Rail transport, railway services operated by Swiss Federal Railways, Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS) and the Zentralbahn, Zentralbahn (zb). There are 40 trains per day between Lucerne and Zurich, with an average travel time of 48 minutes. Zurich Airport can be reached in just over an hour.https://www.thetrainline.com/en/train-times/lucerne-to-zurich-airport Two other railway stations are located within the city boundaries, with Lucerne Allmend/Messe railway station close to the Swissporarena in the south of the city, and the Lucerne Verkehrshaus railway station adjacent to the Swiss Museum of Transport in the east. Lucerne's city transit system is fully integrated into the coherent and integrated fare network system called passepartout (fare network), passepartout encompassing all kind of public transport in the cantons of canton of Lucerne, Lucerne, canton of Obwalden, Obwalden, and canton of Nidwalden, Nidwalden.


Sport

Image:Swissporarena luftaufnahme cropped.jpg, The Swissporarena is home to FC Lucerne of the Swiss Super League There are several association football, football clubs throughout the city. The most successful one is FC Luzern which plays in Switzerland's premier league (Swiss Super League). The club plays its home matches at the new Swissporarena, with a capacity of 16,800. The city's main Ice hockey, hockey team is the HC Luzern which plays in the Swiss 2. Liga (ice hockey), Swiss Second League, the fourth tier of Swiss hockey. They play their home games in the 5,000-seat Swiss Life Arena. In the past, Lucerne also produced national successes in men's Team handball, handball and women's volleyball and softball. Having a long tradition of equestrianism, equestrian sports, Lucerne has co-hosted CSIO Switzerland, an international equestrian show jumping event, until it left entirely for St. Gallen in 2006. Since then, the Lucerne Equestrian Masters replaced it. There is also an annual horse racing event, usually taking place in August. Lucerne annually hosts the final leg of the Rowing World Cup on Rotsee Lake. Numerous World Rowing Championships have been held in Lucerne including the inaugural World Championships of 1962 World Rowing Championships, 1962 and then the regattas of 1974 World Rowing Championships, 1974, 1982 World Rowing Championships, 1982 and 2001 World Rowing Championships, 2001 Lucerne hosts the annual Spitzen Leichtathletik Luzern Track and field meeting, which attracts world class athletes such as Yohan Blake and Valerie Adams. The city also provides facilities for ice-hockey, figure-skating, golf, human swimming, swimming, basketball, Rugby union, rugby, skateboarding, climbing and more. Lucerne hosted FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour event Lucerne Open 2015 and FIVB Beach Volleyball U21 World Championships, FIVB Beach Volleyball U21 World Championship in 2016.


Gallery

File:Lucerne's Jesuit Church at Sunset.jpg, Jesuit Church, Lucerne, Jesuit Church File:Löwendenkmal tourists.jpg, Lucerne's famous Lion Monument commemorates the Swiss Guards of Louis XVI of France, Louis XVI who were massacred in 1792 during the French Revolution File:Luzern - Rathausquai.JPG, The crowded Rathausquai File:Jodlerfest08.jpg, Yodelling festival 2008 File:SUVA, Schw. Unfallversicherungsgesellschaft IMG 4964.jpg, The Suva head office, set on a hill overlooking the centre of Lucerne File:Picswiss LU-03-24.jpg, Lucerne's town hall has been home to the city's government for centuries


Notable people


See also

* List of mayors of Lucerne


Notes and references


Notes


References


Further reading

* * * André Meyer: ''The Jesuit church of Lucerne'', Berne 1985 (= Schweizerische Kunstführer, ser. 32, Nr. 314). * Laura Stokes: ''Demons of urban reform. Early European witch trials and criminal justice, 1430-1530''. Basingstoke 2011. .


External links

*
University of Luzern

Business School in Luzern

Lucerne Tourism
{{Authority control Lucerne, Cities in Switzerland Cantonal capitals of Switzerland Canton of Lucerne, Lucerne (capital) Municipalities of the canton of Lucerne Populated places established in the 1st millennium Lakeside resorts in Switzerland Free imperial cities Populated places on Lake Lucerne 1330s establishments in the Holy Roman Empire 1332 establishments in Europe 14th-century establishments in the Old Swiss Confederacy