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K-1 is a
martial arts Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat Combat (French language, French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violence, violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed (using weapons) or unarmed ...
organization and martial arts brand established in 1993, well-known worldwide mainly for its
kickboxing Kickboxing is a group of stand-up Stand-up comedy is a comedy Performing arts, performance to a live audience, addressed directly from the stage. The performer is known as a comic, comedian, or simply stand-up. Overview Stand-up comedy ...

kickboxing
heavyweight division fights and
tournaments A tournament is a competition involving 4 or more teams, or a large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game. More specifically, the term may be used in either of two overlapping senses: # One or more competitions held at a sing ...

tournaments
("Grand Prix" or "GP"). In January 2012, K-1 Global Holdings Limited, a company registered in Hong Kong, acquired the rights to K-1, and is the current organizer of K-1 events worldwide. Founded in 1993 by
karateka (; ; Okinawan language, Okinawan pronunciation: ) is a martial arts, martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It developed from the Okinawan martial arts, indigenous Ryukyuan martial arts (called , "hand"; ''tii'' in Okinawan) under the ...

karateka
Kazuyoshi Ishii is a Japanese master Master or masters may refer to: Ranks or titles *Ascended master Ascended masters in the Ascended Master Teachings of a number of movements in the Theosophy (Blavatskian), theosophical tradition are held to be spiritua ...
, at its height in the late 90s and the 2000s under the ownership of the
Fighting and Entertainment Group Fighting and Entertainment Group (FEG) was the leading Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Ja ...
(FEG), K-1 was the largest and most prestigious "
Kickboxing Kickboxing is a group of stand-up Stand-up comedy is a comedy Performing arts, performance to a live audience, addressed directly from the stage. The performer is known as a comic, comedian, or simply stand-up. Overview Stand-up comedy ...

Kickboxing
" organization in the world. With thousands of fighters and watched by millions of fans around the world. However, since 2010 K-1 started to lose its status of top organization, as FEG started to have financial issues, not begin able to organize big events or pay huge prize money, eventually going bankrupt, and sucessor
holding companies A holding company is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objecti ...
have been unable to mantain events the same level of size during the FEG years. The letter
K
K
in K-1 is officially designated as a representation of words
karate (; ; Okinawan language, Okinawan pronunciation: ) is a martial arts, martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It developed from the Okinawan martial arts, indigenous Ryukyuan martial arts (called , "hand"; ''tii'' in Okinawan) under the ...

karate
,
kickboxing Kickboxing is a group of stand-up Stand-up comedy is a comedy Performing arts, performance to a live audience, addressed directly from the stage. The performer is known as a comic, comedian, or simply stand-up. Overview Stand-up comedy ...

kickboxing
and
kung fu Chinese martial arts, often named under the umbrella terms kung fu (; ), kuoshu () or wushu (), are several hundred fighting styles that have developed over the centuries in China. These fighting styles are often classified according to common ...

kung fu
. Nevertheless, some reports suggest that it represents the initial K found in competing disciplines such as karate, kickboxing, kung fu,
kempo
kempo
, ''kakutougi'' (the generic Japanese term for "combat sports"), and

kwon_do.html"_;"title="ae
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kwon_do.Tashiro,_H.,_&_Tyrangiel,_J._(2001)
Turning_the_martial_arts_into_mondo_mayhem
''TIME''_(September_3,_2001)._Retrieved_on_March_4,_2010._Yet_another_theory_claims_that_the_K_simply_comes_from_''kakutougi''_and_the_"1"_component_pertains_to_the_single_weight_division_(in_earlier_competition)_and_the_champion's_unique_position.Maylam,_J._(2001)

''The_Japan_Times''_(October_21,_2001)._Retrieved_on_March_4,_2010._Nevertheless,_the_promotion_held_several_tournaments_under_K-2_and_K-3_banners_from_1993_to_1995. K-1_has_its_own_unique_ruleset_(known_as_"Oriental_Rules"_or_simply_"K-1_Rules"),_and_due_the_promotion's_popularity,_it_is_also_referred_as_"Unified_Rules"_as_it_has_been_adopted_by_other_top_kickboxing_organizations_such_as_Glory_(kickboxing).html" ;"title="ae"_>kwon_do.html" ;"title="ae
[tae
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[tae
kwon do.Tashiro, H., & Tyrangiel, J. (2001)
Turning the martial arts into mondo mayhem
''TIME'' (September 3, 2001). Retrieved on March 4, 2010.
Yet another theory claims that the K simply comes from ''kakutougi'' and the "1" component pertains to the single weight division (in earlier competition) and the champion's unique position.Maylam, J. (2001)

''The Japan Times'' (October 21, 2001). Retrieved on March 4, 2010.
Nevertheless, the promotion held several tournaments under K-2 and K-3 banners from 1993 to 1995. K-1 has its own unique ruleset (known as "Oriental Rules" or simply "K-1 Rules"), and due the promotion's popularity, it is also referred as "Unified Rules" as it has been adopted by other top kickboxing organizations such as Glory (kickboxing)">Glory, ONE Championship and Bellator Kickboxing. And kickboxing Sports governing body, governing bodies such as the ISKA and World Kickboxing Network, WKN have also crowned their own "K-1 rules" champions. As such "K-1" is also refered as a style of Kickboxing and sometimes is erroniously considered as a standalone martial arts/combat sport.


History

K-1's predecessor
Seidokaikan is a traditional full contact karate (; ; Okinawan language, Okinawan pronunciation: ) is a martial arts, martial art developed in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It developed from the Okinawan martial arts, indigenous Ryukyuan martial arts (called , ...
Karate was formed in 1980 by
Kazuyoshi Ishii is a Japanese master Master or masters may refer to: Ranks or titles *Ascended master Ascended masters in the Ascended Master Teachings of a number of movements in the Theosophy (Blavatskian), theosophical tradition are held to be spiritua ...
, a former Kyokushin karate practitioner who had formed his own organization to help promote the best stand-up martial artists. Seidokaikan arranged several successful challenge events against other martial arts organizations, originally using rules based on the Kyokushin Knockdown karate rules, but gradually adapting and changing closer to kickboxing rules. In 1993, Mr. Ishii founded the K-1 organization exclusively as a kickboxing organization, closely cooperating with, but independent from Seidokaikan.


Financial problems

Starting in 2010, multiple stories began to surface regarding the financial troubles of K-1 and their parent company FEG. Simon Rutz, the owner of the
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...

Dutch
-based kickboxing promotion It's Showtime, claimed in January 2011 that some fighters from It's Showtime had not been paid for fights in K-1. In early 2011, FEG publicly announced that they were facing financial problems and that the organization would take some months off to restructure. Many fighters and managers spoke out against FEG due to unpaid fight purses and objections to the direction that its owner was taking K-1. It appeared that financial problems were severe, and that FEG could potentially lose ownership of K-1. The entire K-1 brand, along with most of its trademarks, with the exception of, 'K-1 Koshien', 'K-1 MAX' and '
Dream A dream is a succession of images, idea In philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, such as those about reason, Metaphysics, existence, Epistemology, knowledge, Ethics, values, Philosophy of ...
', were sold to Japanese real estate firm, Barbizon Corporation Limited, on July 28, 2011. On February 1, 2012 EMCOM Entertainment Inc. purchased K-1 from Barbizon.


K-1 Global

In March 2012, It's Showtime announced that EMCOM Entertainment established a new company K-1 Global Holdings Ltd. in
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
. K-1 Global Holdings, Ltd., became the new official owner of the K-1 brand. K-1 Global's agreement with promotion required that certain fighters signed under It's Showtime appear in upcoming K-1 Global events. A number of events were already planned and scheduled for the 2012 calendar before new K-1 ownership took complete control of the company. It's Showtime was the promoter of the first event presented by K-1 Global Holdings Ltd., the K-1 World MAX Final 16. It took place on May 27, 2012 at the Palacio Vistalegre in Madrid, Spain. After the event, controversy and rumors circulated over the fact that once again, fighters were not paid for their performances. Problems were compounded due to unpaid financial obligations of FEG, and the complete transfer of ownership of the K-1 name was not yet complete. As a result, the K-1 World Grand Prix scheduled for 2012 would be cancelled if these issues were not resolved. Ultimately, K-1 Global Holdings, Ltd. was blamed for the failure of an event they did not promote. They were also accused of not paying fighters when in fact, the promoter and FEG shared responsibilities in ensuring fighters were paid. The Chairman of the new K-1 resolved the matter by paying fighters what was owed and including a 50% bonus. It was announced in June 2012 that It's Showtime was purchased by Glory Sports International, eventually to be merged in their new promotion GLORY. On August 10, 2012 K-1's co-promotion agreement with
Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions ...

Romania
n-based kickboxing promotion SUPERKOMBAT was announced. Eventually it was ended. Early 2013 SK president
Eduard Irimia Eduard "Edi" Irimia (born July 10, 1974) is a Romanian kickboxing Kickboxing is a stand-up combat sport based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate (; ; Okinawan language, Okinawan pronunciation: ) is a martia ...
stated that its company will be independent in 2013 but will still continue to have cooperation with any interested promotion including K-1 by offering fighters.


K-1 World GP

Following the bankruptcy of K-1 Global, the rights to the K-1 brand were acquired by EMCOM Holdings under a subsidiary company called "K-1 Global Holdings Limited", which was founded in
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
in August 2011. On May 29, 2014, the launch of a K-1 World League was announced. K-1 World League acquired naming rights and exclusive license for the Japanese region from K-1 Global Holding Ltd. "K-1 World League" was subsequently renamed "K-1 World GP" on September 24, 2014. After its formation, "K-1 World League" formally incorporated the KRUSH. Launched prior to the death of FEG, in 2009, Krush was a collaboration between K-1 and AJKF. It was seen at the time as the second tier of K-1 competition, and produced a number of future K-1 fighters such as
Takeru Segawa is a Japanese kickboxer. He is the current List of K-1 champions#K-1 Super Featherweight Championship, K-1 Super Featherweight champion and the former List of K-1 champions#K-1 Featherweight Championship, K-1 Featherweight champion and List of K ...
,
Tatsuya Tsubakihara Tatsuya Tsubakihara is a Japanese kickboxer, fighting out of Osaka, Japan. He is the current List of K-1 champions#K-1 Featherweight Championship, K-1 Featherweight champion. As of October 2020 he was ranked the #2 Super Flyweight in the world by ...
and
Leona Pettas Leona Pettas (レオナ・ペタス) (born April 29, 1992) is a Japanese kickboxer. He took the family name of his first trainer Karateka Nicholas Pettas. He is the current Krush Super Featherweight champion. As of September 2020, he is the #2 r ...
, among others. K-1 would later add the KHAOS brand as well, which is seen as the third tier of competition, as a stepping stone between amateur and professional competition. K-1 maintains a number of gyms throughout Japan, from which potential kickboxers can transition from training to amateur competition to professional competition. A fighter can viably spend their entire career under the K-1 umbrella. On January 26, 2019 Krush was renamed "K-1 KRUSH FIGHT" to further announce the connection between the two brands. However, on December 7, 2019, it was renamed back to Krush. The aim of renaming the competition back to Krush was to dispel the image of the brand as the second tier of K-1. On September 20, 2016, "K-1 World GP" executive producer Kensaku Maeda retired, and was subsequently replaced by the Krush executive producer Mitsuru Miyata. From June 2017 onward, "K-1 World GP" started once again started holding events at the
Saitama Super Arena is a multi-purpose indoor arena An arena is a large enclosed platform, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theatre, musical performances, or sporting events. It is composed of a large open space surrounded on most or a ...
. It was further revealed that fighters were signed exclusively to K-1, which wasn't the case previously. On December 17, 2018, it was announced that the former Krush and K-1 commentator and martial arts writer Takumi Nakamura would replace Mitsuru Miyata as the executive producer.


Rules

K-1 rules are as follows: * The fights are contested in a ring which is six or more square meters and surrounded by four ropes. * Only striking techniques such as punches, kicks and knees are allowed. Strikes with the back of the fist are allowed, but not with the elbow or the forearm. Multiple clinch knees are prohibited. *Sweeps, throws, headbutts and strikes with the elbow are prohibited. Furthermore, spitting, biting, groin strikes, strikes to the back of the head, striking after the round has ended or the referee has called for a break, striking while the opponent is knocked down and excessive holding are all considered fouls. *Matches, both regular and title matches, are contested in three three-minute rounds. In case of a draw, an extension round is fought. *Matches are scored based of four criteria: **(1) Number of knockdowns a fighter has scored, with three knockdowns inside of a single round resulting in a technical knockout **(2) Presence or absence of damage to the opponent **(3) The number clean strikes, with strikes which are thrown with fight ending intention scoring more highly than those thrown with the intent of racking up points **(4) Aggressiveness


List of K-1 events

In the past every year there were dozens of other K-1 qualifying tournaments and preliminaries held around the world. K-1 has held events in many countries around the world. The following is a list of countries that K-1 has held events in chronological order: *
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an in . It is situated in the northwest , and is bordered on the west by the , while extending from the in the north toward the and in the south. Japan is a part of the , and spans of coveri ...

Japan
(1993–2012, 2014-2020) *
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Netherlands
(1994, 2001–2003, 2006–2010) *
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a spanning and in the and the , and s. Its extends from the to the and from the to the and the ; overseas territories include in , in the N ...

France
(1995, 2002–2008, 2010) *
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Switzerland
(1995–2000, 2003, 2017) *
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United States
(1998, 2000–2008, 2012) *
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
(2000–2005, 2010) *
England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and the to the southwest. England is separated from by the to the east and the to the south. The country cover ...

England
(2000, 2002–2004, 2006–2007, 2013) *
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of delimited by the and surrounding it, whose territory largely coincides with the . Italy is located in the centre of th ...

Italy
(2000–2008) *
Germany Germany (german: Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in . It is the in Europe after , and the most populous . Germany is situated between the and seas to the north, and the to the south; it covers an area of ...

Germany
(2000–2008) *
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Belarus
(2000, 2010) *
Croatia , image_flag = Flag of Croatia.svg , image_coat = Coat of arms of Croatia.svg , anthem = "Lijepa naša domovino ''Lijepa naša domovino'' (; ) is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that ...

Croatia
(2000, 2002, 2007, 2009–2010, 2013) *
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital cities ...

South Africa
(2000–2002, 2006) * New Zealand (2000–2006) *
Czech Republic The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name Czechia and formerly known as Bohemia, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Austria to the south, Germany to the west, Poland to the northeast, and Slovakia to ...
(2000–2001, 2006–2009) *
Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ) is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe. It is the most populous and politically central Constituent state, constituent of the Danish Realm, Kingdom of Denmark, da, Kongeriget Danmark, a constitutio ...

Denmark
(2001) *
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
(2001–2002, 2006, 2010) *
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...

Spain
(2002–2004, 2005–2006, 2012–2014) *
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both and . At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 million people, Brazil is the ...

Brazil
(2002–2006, 2013) *
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe.The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names states that the country's fo ...

Sweden
(2003–2010) *
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of Europe. There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly becau ...

Russia
(2003, 2006, 2010) *
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina,, abbreviated BiH or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in South South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north a ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
(2003–2004, 2009, 2016) *
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Tele ...

Scotland
(2004) *
Portugal Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=yes ), is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, ...

Portugal
(2004, 2006, 2013) *
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in . It is divided into 16 , covering an area of , and has a largely climate. Poland has a population of nearly 38.5 million people, and is the fifth-most populous . ...

Poland
(2004, 2007–2010) *
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship. A cou ...

South Korea
(2004–2010, 2013) *
Slovenia Slovenia ( ; sl, Slovenija ), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: , abbr.: ''RS''), is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, lin ...

Slovenia
(2005–2006, 2008) *
Hungary Hungary ( hu, Magyarország ) is a in . Spanning of the , it is bordered by to the north, to the northeast, to the east and southeast, to the south, and to the southwest and to the west. Hungary has a population of 10 million, mostl ...

Hungary
(2005–2010) *
Lithuania Lithuania (; lt, Lietuva ), officially the Republic of Lithuania ( lt, Lietuvos Respublika, links=no), is a country in the Baltic region The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countri ...
(2006–2007, 2010, 2013) *
Latvia Latvia ( or ; lv, Latvija ; ltg, Latveja; liv, Leţmō), officially known as the Republic of Latvia ( lv, Latvijas Republika, links=no, ltg, Latvejas Republika, links=no, liv, Leţmō Vabāmō, links=no), is a country in the Baltic re ...

Latvia
(2006–2008) *
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkans in Southeast Europe. It shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; the ...

Turkey
(2007, 2010) *
Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe. It is bordered by the Netherlands to the north, Germany to the east, Luxembourg to the southeast, France to the ...

Belgium
(2007) *
Estonia Estonia ( et, Eesti ), officially the Republic of Estonia ( et, Eesti Vabariik, links=no), is a country in . It is bordered to the north by the across from , to the west by the across from , to the south by , and to the east by and . The ter ...

Estonia
(2007, 2009) *
Romania Romania ( ; ro, România ) is a country at the crossroads of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions ...

Romania
(2007, 2009–2010) *
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a and of China on the eastern in . With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities in a territory, Hong ...

Hong Kong
(2007) *
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastli ...

Austria
(2008) *
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
(2008) *
Moldova Moldova (, ; ), officially the Republic of Moldova ( ro, Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to ...

Moldova
(2009–2010, 2013) *
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in . It is the world's , with a of more than 1.4 billion. China spans five geographical and 14 different countries, the in the world after . Covering an area of ap ...

China
(2013-2015) *
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in . Its population is approximately 10.7 million as of 2021; is its largest and capital city, followed by . Situated on the southern tip of the , ...

Greece
(2012) *
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of . Its extend from the to the and northward into the , covering , making it the world's . Its southern and western , stretching , is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital ...

Canada
(2013) *
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_(right),_are_large_islands_of_north-west_Europe image:Small_Island_in ...

Ireland
(2013) *
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (, ; az, Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan ( az, Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a country in the Transcaucasia, Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is boun ...

Azerbaijan
(2014) *
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is the United Nations geoscheme for Asia#South-eastern A ...

Thailand
(2014) *
Serbia Serbia (, ; Serbian Serbian may refer to: * someone or something related to Serbia, a country in Southeastern Europe * someone or something related to the Serbs, a South Slavic people * in both meanings, depending on the context, it may refe ...

Serbia
(2016)


Tournament format


K-1 Grand Prix

Original K-1 Grand Prix was a single event tournament held in Japan where competitors participated on invitation. By 1998, K-1 introduced the
K-1 World Grand Prix K-1 World Grand Prix, also known as the K-1 World GP, is an elimination kickboxing Kickboxing is a stand-up combat sport based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate (; ; Okinawan language, Okinawan pronunciati ...
format composed of K-1 Regional Elimination Tournaments (theoretically amounting to six), which qualify fighters for the K-1 World Grand Prix Final, along with licensed K-1 Fighting Network events designed to hold national preliminaries for regional qualification. However, given the fact that K-1's popularity differs greatly among six K-1 regions, which may limit the number of actual elimination tournaments or change locations. For example, K-1 attempted to gain popularity in the United States by holding two GPs, however only a few Americans have ever qualified for the Finals. In 2006 one of the American GPs was relocated to
Auckland Auckland ( mi, Tāmaki Makaurau) is a large metropolitan city in the of . The in the country, Auckland has an urban population of about It is located in the —the area governed by —which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the ...

Auckland
. Additionally the K-1
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
GP lost its qualifying right in favor of
Amsterdam Amsterdam (, , ) is the Capital of the Netherlands, capital and Municipalities of the Netherlands, most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the City Region of Amsterdam, urban ar ...

Amsterdam
. Eventually Amsterdam lost it in favor of
Łódź Łódź, or ''Lodsch'', 1940–1945: ''Litzmannstadt''; russian: Лодзь, Lodz'; la, Lodzia. also rendered in English as Lodz, is the third largest city in Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located ...
, and then Łódź in favor of
Bucharest Bucharest ( , ; ro, București ) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre. It is in the southeast of the country, at , on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than north of the ...

Bucharest
. K-1 World Grand Prix Final Eliminator ("Final 16") is an event where 16 participants compete for the final eight spots in the Final ("Final 8"). Eight participants from the Final Eliminator meet at the K-1 World Grand Prix Final. Lesser elements in the tournament format have been significantly modified in years. The final was held at
Tokyo Dome is a stadium in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan. Construction on the stadium began on May 16, 1985, and it opened on March 17, 1988. It was built on the site of the Velodrome, adjacent to the predecessor ballpark, Korakuen Stadium. It has a maximum total ...

Tokyo Dome
from 1997 to 2006. The 2012 final took place for the first time in history outside Japan, in
Zagreb, Croatia Zagreb ( , , ; ) is the capital (political), capital and List of cities and towns in Croatia#List of cities and towns, largest city of Croatia. It is in the northwest of the country, along the Sava river, at the southern slopes of the Medvednic ...

Zagreb, Croatia
.


K-1 World MAX and other

By 2002, K-1 started the K-1 World MAX ("Middleweight Artistic Xtreme") tournament for 70 kg (154 lb) Middleweight division, following a similar scheme to K-1 World Grand Prix (with theoretically four regional eliminators). In 2007, K-1 introduced two new title belts separate from K-1 World GP Champions, Super Heavyweight World Title for fighters over 100 kg/220 lbs and Heavyweight World Title for fighters under 100 kg/156–220 lbs.


Broadcast

K-1 events have been shown on the
Tokyo Broadcasting System formerly is a Japanese media and licensed broadcasting holding company A holding company is a company whose primary business is holding a controlling interest in the securities of other companies. A holding company usually does not produc ...

Tokyo Broadcasting System
and
Fuji TV JOCX-DTV, virtual channel 8 (Ultra high frequency, UHF digital television, digital channel 21), branded as and colloquially known as CX, is a Japanese television station based in Odaiba, Minato, Tokyo, Japan. Owned-and-operated station, Own ...

Fuji TV
. Following the reformation of K-1 under "K-1 World GP", it bounced between several different broadcasters such as GAORA SPORTS, BS Sky PerfecTV! and TV TOKYO. K-1 events are currently being broadcast by Abema TV. Internationally, K-1 has been seen on XTM in South Korea , Combate and
SporTV SporTV is a Brazilian broadcasting of sports events, pay television sports television network, network owned by Canais Globo, part of Grupo Globo, launched in 1991. It is the most watched sports network in Brazil. On January 18, 2013, were la ...
in Brazil ,
HDNet Fights HDNet Fights was a US based television outlet for various MMA and combat sports promotions. Its broadcast lineup included DREAM, Sengoku, K-1, Strikeforce, Adrenaline MMA Adrenaline MMA was a mixed martial arts organization that operated prim ...
in the United States, and on
Eurosport Eurosport is a Pan-European identity, pan-European television sports network and a subsidiary of Discovery, Inc., Discovery. Eurosport owns a wide range of rights across many sports but generally does not bid for premium priced rights such as th ...

Eurosport
in Europe. K-1 Japan Group also operates a YouTube channel where fights, press conferences, and general media is uploaded.https://www.youtube.com/user/k1WorldLeague


List of K-1 champions


Current K-1 champions


See also

*
List of K-1 events This is a list of events held and scheduled by the K-1, a kickboxing Kickboxing is a stand-up combat sport based on kicking and punching, historically developed from karate (; ; Okinawan language, Okinawan pronunciation: ) is a marti ...
*
List of K-1 championsThis is the list of all K-1 champions. Included are the K-1 World Grand Prix and K-1 World MAX champions as well as all the preliminary tournament winners from the events promoted by K-1 and FEG (1993-2011) and later by K-1 Global (2012-present) fo ...
*
Krush Krush were a UK dance music Dance music is music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal cultural aspects of all human societies. General ...
*
List of male kickboxers This is a list of notable male professional kickboxers. Included are all the professional competitors of stand-up, striking-oriented martial arts such as kickboxing Kickboxing is a stand-up combat sport based on kicking and punching, histor ...
* List of Krush champions


References


External links

*
K-1 Japan
{{Martial arts Kickboxing organizations Sports organizations established in 1993 1993 establishments in Japan Kickboxing in Japan