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Jiaxing (), alternately romanized as Kashing, is a prefecture-level city in northern Zhejiang province, China. Lying on the Grand Canal of China, Jiaxing borders Hangzhou to the southwest, Huzhou to the west, Shanghai to the northeast, and the province of Jiangsu to the north. At the 2010 census, its population was 4,501,657 and its built-up area made of 2 urban districts was home to 1,201,882 inhabitants.

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Jiaxing administers 7 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 3 county-level cities and 2 counties. These are further divided into 75 township-level divisions, including 60 towns, 2 townships and 13 subdistricts.

History



Known as a place

*Spring and Autumn period: Jiaxing is known as Zuili (Drunken Plums) and is an important city in the state of Yuè.

Known as a county

*210 BC: Qin Shi Huang changed the name of Jiaxing from Changshui District () to Youquan (). *231: Wild rice () of Jiaxing informed Sun Quan of the Kingdom of Wu that there was a sign of auspice, so Sun changed Youchuan to Hexing District (). This why Jiaxing's abbreviation is ''He''. Sun also changed his era name to Jiahe () in the following year. *January 242: Sun He was made the crown prince. Because of the naming taboo, Jiahe was changed to Jiaxing.

Known as a prefecture

*938: (Later Jin of the Five Dynasties): Xiu Prefecture () established *1117: (Song Dynasty): Jiahe District () *1429: (Ming Dynasty): Xiushui District () was established northwest of Jiaxing. *Early 1900s (the Republic of China): Xiushui and Jiaxing were combined into Jiahe County *1914: Reverted to Jiaxing County (because there's a Jiahe in Hunan) *1921: Communist Party of China founded at the South Lake in Jiaxing. *1926: Following the defection of Zhejiang civil governor Xia Chao to the Kuomintang during the Northern Expedition, the army of warlord Sun Chuanfang completely defeats Xia's largely untrained army at Jiaxing. Xia is captured and executed shortly thereafter. *1949 − 1958, 1979 (PRC): Upgraded to a city *1981: Old Jiaxing County merged into the city *1983: Upgraded to prefecture-level city

Geography



Economy

Industry is the main economic driver to the city's economy, contributing 47% to its GDP in 2015. Jiaxing is also well known as the 'hometown of silk', hence it is a famous producer of textiles and woolens. It is one of the world's largest exporters of leather goods. There are mechanical, chemical and electronic industries there. Jiaxing is an important energy base in East China. Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant, the first self-designed nuclear power station in China, and Fangjiashan Nuclear Power Plant (under construction) are located in Haiyan County.

Jiaxing Export Processing Zone

Established in 2003, Jiaxing Export Processing Zone is a state-level export processing zone approved by State Council. It has a built-up area of 2.98 km2. Its development goal is to become the export processing base for IT, IC, mechanical and electrical, electronics and other high-tech industries.

Tourism

*South Lake, where the Communist Party of China was officially founded. *Wuzhen *Xitang

Transportation

The city is served by two railway stations: Jiaxing railway station, on the Shanghai–Kunming railway, and Jiaxing South railway station on the high speed Shanghai–Hangzhou Passenger Railway. The city is served by two long-distance bus stations: Jiaxing North Bus Station and the new Jiaxing Transportation Center. Jiaxing is on the G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway, G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway and China National Highway 320. Jiaxing Air Base is being converted to a public-use airport.

Language

Jiaxing dialect is a Northern Wu dialect in the Sujiahu dialect grouping. As such, it is a sister dialect of both Shanghainese and Suzhou dialect, and easily intelligible with both. It is not mutually intelligible with Mandarin or other varieties of Chinese such as Cantonese, Hokkien or Hakka.

Religion

Local people believe in Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism and Protestantism. Jiaxing Catholic Church and Jiaxing Vincent Abbey are well-known Roman Catholic Churches in Jiaxing.

Notable people

* Zhu Yizun (), scholar and poet * Wang Guowei (), scholar, writer and poet * Xu Zhimo (), poet * Shiing-Shen Chern (), mathematician * Mao Dun (), novelist, critic, journalist * Zhang Yuanji (), publisher at Commercial Press * Zhang Zhongjun (), scientist * Xu Kuangdi (), scientist, politician * Zhu Shenghao (), translator * Zhang Leping (), cartoonist, creator of Sanmao * Yang Borun (), poet, calligrapher, painter * Jin Yong (), novelist * Fan Xiping (), Go player * Miao Huixin, artist * Shen Junru (), politician, patriot * Wu Outing (), poet, painter, culture scholar * Zhou Hanming, mathematician

See also

*List of twin towns and sister cities in China

References




Bibliography


* *

External links

*
Government website of Jiaxing
{{Authority control Category:Cities in Zhejiang Category:Port cities and towns in China