HistoryThe Israel Police was established in 1948. It is responsible for public security, maintaining public order, securing public events and rallies, dismantling suspicious objects and explosives (Explosive Ordnance Disposal, EOD), riot and crowd control, law enforcement, crime fighting, detective work, covert operations against drug networks, investigating suspects, road traffic control, operating the Civil Guard (Israel), Civil Guard, handling civilian complaints, handling youth violence, educational campaigns. The Israel Police is a professional force, with some 35,000 persons on the payroll. There are also 70,000 Civil Guard volunteers who carry out part-time work in helping to police their own communities. The police are divided into the following main divisional groups:
Regional districtsThe Israel Police is divided into six regional district commands: * Central District (Israel), Central District * Southern District (Israel), Southern District * Northern District (Israel), Northern District * Judea and Samaria Area, Judea & Samaria District * Tel Aviv District * Jerusalem District Police, Jerusalem District * Coastal District Police
Operational units* The Security and Community Policing Branch is responsible for ordinary law enforcement tasks such as conducting patrols in public and responding to emergency calls. * The Israel Border Police ("''MAGAV''") is the combat arm of the police and mainly serves in unquie areas – the borders, Jerusalem, and the West Bank. It is responsible for law enforcement in the rural countryside and for putting down civil unrest, particularly rioting. It participates in counter-terrorism operations. The Border Police has both professional officers on payroll and conscripts who serve in the Border Police as their mandatory three-year national service. It also has volunteer personnel. * The Yamam (acronym for Special Police Unit) is the police's counter-terrorism and hostage rescue unit. It is known as one of the most experienced and specialized units of its kind in the world. The unit has taken part in hundreds of operations in and outside the borders of Israel. * The Yasam is a riot police and crowd control unit, and also participates in counter-terror operations. The unit, originally started as Riot Police, was called upon to assist with counter-terror operations, as well as dismantling settlements in accordance with the Israeli court decisions. The Yasam has sub-units of Rapid Response Motorcycle Units. * The Yamas (Israel Border Police unit), Yamas is a counter-terrorist commando unit. It's operators are trained in conducting operations undercover, disguised as civilians. Although officially part of the Border Police, it is directly subordinate to Shin Bet, the Israeli internal security service. * The National Traffic Police is the police's traffic enforcement arm. It is divided into five regional districts and a national patrol unit. * The Civil Guard (Israel), Civil Guard is the police's force of part-time volunteer officers, who comprise the majority of Israeli police officers. It is officially a division of the Security and Community Policing Branch. Civil Guard volunteers have limited police powers. They carry out patrols in public, are trained to provide the initial response to any security situation they encounter until regular police forces arrive, and partake in traffic control. The Civil Guard also has search and rescue teams. * Lahav 433 is the police's unit for investigations of serious crimes and corruption. * The Dog Handling Unit is responsible for operating police dogs. * The Police Aerial Unit operates police helicopters. * The Police Marine Unit is responsible for operating boats and has police divers. * The Israel Police Bomb Disposal Unit is the bomb squad of the police. It deals with operations and investigations which involve suspicious objects, explosive devices or military ordnance. * The Seif Unit is responsible for tackling crime in the Arab citizens of Israel, Israeli-Arab population. * The Division of Identification and Forensic Science is responsible for forensic science in investigations. It has laboratories dealing with latent fingerprint anlysis, arson investigation, mass spectrometry and explosive analysis, digital evidence, DNA and other areas of biology, firearms, and questioned document examination. * The Internal Investigations Department is responsible for investigating wrongdoing by police personnel. It is officially independent from the police and under the jurisdiction of the Justice Ministry.
Weapons and equipmentEach patrol officer is armed with a pistol (handgun) which he or she usually also carries while off duty. Also, each patrol car must have at least one long-arm (i.e. rifle). Police volunteers are usually armed with an M1 carbine, M1 Carbine, which they return to the armory after they finish their duty (they do not take the rifle home, but may sign one out for escorting field trips, etc.). Volunteers who have a gun license may use their own personal handgun as personal defense weapon while on duty, under the condition that the gun and ammunition type is authorized by the police (9 mm). Common pistols owned and carried by volunteers include Glock and CZ-75 designs. Specialized armaments such as automatic rifles, bolt-action rifles and non-lethal weapons are assigned according to activity and not on personal basis. Border Guard personnel, however, carry an M16 rifle, M16 or M4 carbine, M4 rifle as a standard personal weapon and can carry it home while off duty (like regular infantry in the Israel Defense Forces).
Awards and recognition* July 6, 2004: Received an award from the Anti-Defamation League for its counter terror efforts and for passing seminars of counter-terror measures to FBI and local USA police., * In October 2010 the elite unit YAMAM of the Israeli Police won the "Urban Shield" SWAT competition held by the Alameda County Sheriff's Office setting a new record in the competition. * In October 2011 the elite unit YAMAM of the Israeli Police won the "Urban Shield" SWAT competition held by the Alameda County Sheriff's Office again.
Women policeIn 2015, the editorial of ''Haaretz'' claimed "Women constitute at least 30 percent of the police force" and criticized there were no women who have reached the rank of major general.
ControversyA 2014 analysis by Yesh Din questioned the professionalism of the police force of the Judea & Samaria Area, Judea & Samaria District (also known as the West Bank) as only 7.4% of reported attacks by Israeli citizens on Palestinian persons and property had led to indictments. In 2015, several senior officers resigned due to criminal investigations or accusations of sexual harassment of employees. Five police at the rank of major general resigned in the preceding 18 months amid scandal. The February 2015 announcement that another senior Israel Police officer was under investigation for sexual harassment was criticized by women's and rape victim advocacy groups, who held protests at police headquarters in a number of cities.
See also*Lahav 433 *Palestinian Civil Police Force *Administration of Border Crossings, Population and Immigration *Law enforcement by country