HOME TheInfoList
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff


picture info

Golan Heights
The Golan Heights ( ar|هَضْبَةُ الْجَوْلَانِ|Haḍbatu l-Jawlān or , he|רמת הגולן| ), or simply the Golan, is a region in the Levant, spanning about . The region defined as the Golan Heights differs between disciplines: as a geological and biogeographical region, the Golan Heights refers to a basaltic plateau bordered by the Yarmouk River in the south, the Sea of Galilee and Hula Valley in the west, the Anti-Lebanon with Mount Hermon in the north and Wadi Raqqad in the east. As a geopolitical region, the Golan Heights refers to the area captured from Syria and occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, territory which has been administered as part of Israel since 1981. This region includes the western two-thirds of the geological Golan Heights and the Israeli-occupied part of Mount Hermon. The earliest evidence of human habitation on the Golan dates to the Upper Paleolithic period. According to the Bible, an Amorite Kingdom in Bashan was conq ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Status Of The Golan Heights
The Golan Heights are a rocky plateau in Western Asia that was captured by Israel from Syria in the 1967 Six-Day War. The international community recognizes the Golan Heights to be official Syrian territory and widely rejects Israeli military occupation. Following the war, Syria dismissed any negotiations with Israel as part of the Khartoum Resolution. The Golan was under military administration until the Knesset passed the Golan Heights Law in 1981, which applied Israeli law to the territory; a move that has been described as an annexation. In response, the United Nations Security Council unanimously passed UNSC Resolution 497 which condemned the Israeli actions to change the status of the territory declaring them "null and void and without international legal effect", and that the Golan remained an occupied territory. In 2019, the United States became the only state to recognize the Golan Heights as Israeli sovereign territory, while the rest of the international community contin ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Lake Ram
Lake Ram ( ar|بحيرة مسعدة, "Buhairat Mas'ade", lit. Lake of Mas'ade; also Birkat el-Ram. he|בריכת רם, "Brekhat Ram") is a crater lake (maar) in the northeastern Golan Heights, near Mount Hermon, under Israeli occupation. Josephus knew it by the name Lake Phiala. The sources of the lake are rain water and an underground spring. The lake has no outlet. It is known in Hebrew as "Brekhat Ram" (also written Berekhat Ram), meaning high pool.The Vilnay Guide to Israel, Volume 2, Beit-Or-Vilnay, 1999, p.298. It is also called Birket Ram, using the Arabic word for pond. The area is inhabited by the Druze community. Geology Most geologists believe that the lake formed inside the crater of an extinct volcano. Archaeology During excavations evidence was discovered of Palaeolithic human and hominid activity. Most notably, excavation led to the discovery of the Venus of Berekhat Ram, a pebble allegedly worked by Homo erectus. The artefact has been claimed to be the oldest known ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Hula Valley
The Hula Valley ( he|עמק החולה, translit. ''Emek Ha-Ḥula''; also transliterated as Huleh Valley, ar|سهل الحولة) is an agricultural region in northern Israel with abundant fresh water, which used to be Lake Hula, prior to its draining. It is a major stopover for birds migrating along the Syrian-African Rift Valley between Africa, Europe, and Asia. Lake Hula and the marshland surrounding it were a breeding ground for mosquitoes carrying malaria, and so were drained in the 1950s. A small section of the valley was later re-flooded in an attempt to revive a nearly extinct ecosystem. An estimated 500 million migrating birds now pass through the Hula Valley every year. Etymology Lake Hula was historically referred to by different names. The 14th century BCE Egyptians called the lake ''Samchuna'', while the Hebrew Bible records it as ''Merom''. In the 1st century CE, the Jewish-Roman historian Flavius Josephus termed it ''Semechonitis'' ( el|Σημεχωνίτις), J ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Iturea
Iturea ( grc|Ἰτουραία, ''Itouraía'') is the Greek name of a Levantine region north of Galilee during the Late Hellenistic and early Roman periods. It extended from Mount Lebanon across the plain of Marsyas to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in Syria, with its centre in Chalcis. Itureans The Itureans (Greek: ) were a semi-nomadic tribe. The exact origin of the Itureans is disputed. Most scholars identified them as Arabs, while some believed that they were Aramaean people. They first rose to power in the aftermath of the decline of the Seleucids in the 2nd century BCE. Then, from their base around Mount Lebanon and the Beqaa Valley, they came to dominate vast stretches of Syrian territory, and appear to have penetrated into northern parts of Israel as far as the Galilee. Etymology Several etymologies have been proposed for the name ''Iturea'' and much uncertainty still remains. Based on the Septuagint translation of 1Ch 5:19 several commentators including Gesenius, John Gill a ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Israel Antiquities Authority
The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA, he|רשות העתיקות ; ar|داﺌرة الآثار, before 1990, the Israel Department of Antiquities) is an independent Israeli governmental authority responsible for enforcing the 1978 Law of Antiquities. The IAA regulates excavation and conservation, and promotes research. The director-general is Mr. Israel Hason and its offices are housed in the Rockefeller Museum. The Israel Antiquities Authority plans to move into a new building for the National Campus for the Archaeology of Israel in Jerusalem, next to the Israel Museum. History The Israel Department of Antiquities and Museums (IDAM) of the Ministry of Education was founded on July 26, 1948, after the establishment of the State of Israel. It took over the functions of the Department of Antiquities of the British Mandate in Israel and Palestine. Originally, its activities were based on the British Mandate Department of Antiquities ordinances. IDAM was the statutory authority ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Babylonian Captivity
The Babylonian captivity or Babylonian exile is the period in Jewish history during which a number of people from the ancient Kingdom of Judah were captives in Babylon, the capital of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. After the Battle of Carchemish in 605 BCE, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon besieged Jerusalem, resulting in tribute being paid by King Jehoiakim. Jehoiakim refused to pay tribute in Nebuchadnezzar's fourth year, which led to another siege in Nebuchadnezzar's seventh year, culminating with the death of Jehoiakim and the exile to Babylonia of King Jeconiah, his court and many others; Jeconiah's successor Zedekiah and others were exiled in Nebuchadnezzar's 18th year; a later deportation occurred in Nebuchadnezzar's 23rd year. The dates, numbers of deportations, and numbers of deportees given in the biblical accounts vary. These deportations are dated to 597 BCE for the first, with others dated at 587/586 BCE, and 582/581 BCE respectively. After the fall of Babylon to the Pers ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Torah
Torah (; he|תּוֹרָה, "Instruction", "Teaching" or "Law") has a range of meanings. It can most specifically mean the first five books (Pentateuch or Five Books of Moses) of the Hebrew Bible. This is commonly known as the Written Torah. It can also mean the continued narrative from all the 24 books, from the Book of Genesis to the end of the Tanakh (Chronicles). If in bound book form, it is called ''Chumash'', and is usually printed with the rabbinic commentaries ('). If meant for liturgic purposes, it takes the form of a Torah scroll (''Sefer Torah''), which contains strictly the five books of Moses. It can even mean the totality of Jewish teaching, culture, and practice, whether derived from biblical texts or later rabbinic writings. This is often known as the Oral Torah. Common to all these meanings, Torah consists of the origin of Jewish peoplehood: their call into being by God, their trials and tribulations, and their covenant with their God, which involves follo ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Bashan
Bashan (; he|הַבָּשָׁן, ''ha-Bashan''; la|Basan or ''Basanitis'') is a term for the northernmost region of the Transjordan, which is located in what is today known as Syria. The Hebrew Bible first mentions it in , where Og the king of Bashan came out against the Israelites at the time of their entrance into the Promised Land, but was vanquished in battle (; ). Along with the half of Gilead it was given to the half-tribe of Manasseh (). According to the book of Joshua, Golan, one of its cities, became a Levitical city and a city of refuge (). According to the Torah, the Israelites invaded Bashan and conquered it from the Amorites. states: Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. And the said unto me, Fear him not: for I will deliver him, and all his people, and his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Amorite
The Amorites (; Sumerian 𒈥𒌅 ''MAR.TU''; Akkadian ''Amurrūm'' or ''Tidnum''; Egyptian ''Amar''; he|אמורי ''ʼĔmōrī''; grc|Ἀμορραῖοι) were an ancient Northwest Semitic-speaking people from the Levant who also occupied large parts of southern Mesopotamia from the 21st century BC to the end of the 17th century BC, where they established several prominent city-states in existing locations, such as Isin, Larsa and later notably Babylon, which was raised from a small town to an independent state and a major city. The term ''Amurru'' in Akkadian and Sumerian texts refers to the Amorites, their principal deity and an Amorite kingdom. The Amorites are also mentioned in the Bible as inhabitants of Canaan both before and after the conquest of the land under Joshua. Origin In the earliest Sumerian sources concerning the Amorites, beginning about 2400 BC, the land of the Amorites ("the ''Mar.tu'' land") is associated not with Mesopotamia but with the lands to the ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Bible
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, ''tà biblía'', "the books") is a collection of religious texts or scriptures sacred to Christians, Jews, Samaritans, Rastafari and others. It appears in the form of an anthology, a compilation of texts of a variety of forms that are all linked by the belief that they are collectively revelations of God. These texts include theologically-focused historical accounts, hymns, prayers, proverbs, parables, didactic letters, poetry, and prophecies. Believers also generally consider the Bible to be a product of divine inspiration. Those books included in the Bible by a tradition or group are called canonical, indicating that the tradition/group views the collection as the true representation of God's word and will. A number of biblical canons have evolved, with overlapping and diverging contents from denomination to denomination. The Hebrew Bible overlaps with the Greek Septuagint and the Christian Old Testament. The Christian New Te ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Upper Paleolithic
The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) also called the Late Stone Age is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age. Very broadly, it dates to between 50,000 and 12,000 years ago (the beginning of the Holocene), according to some theories coinciding with the appearance of behavioral modernity in early modern humans, until the advent of the Neolithic Revolution and agriculture. Anatomically modern humans (i.e. ''Homo sapiens'') are believed to have emerged in Africa around 300,000 years ago, although it has been argued by some that these lifestyles changed relatively little from that of archaic humans of the Middle Paleolithic, until about 50,000 years ago, when there was a marked increase in the diversity of artefacts. This period coincides with the expansion of modern humans from Africa throughout Asia and Eurasia, which contributed to the extinction of the Neanderthals. The Upper Paleolithic has the earliest known evidence of organized settleme ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Golan Heights Law
The Golan Heights Law is the Israeli law which applies Israel's government and laws to the Golan Heights. It was ratified by the Knesset by a vote of 63―21, on December 14, 1981.Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs.Golan Heights Law Although the law did not use the term, it was considered by the international community and some members of the Israeli opposition as an "annexation" of the Golan Heights. The law was passed half a year after the peace treaty with Egypt which included Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula. In February 2018, the Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu stated that "the Golan Heights will remain Israel's forever", after his political rival Yair Lapid called on the international community to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights two months earlier. On March 25, 2019, the United States recognized the Golan Heights as sovereign Israeli territory while the UN reaffirmed that the "..status of Golan has not changed". The law The thre ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Six-Day War
The Six-Day War (, ''Milhemet Sheshet HaYamim''; Arabic: , ''an-Naksah'', "The Setback" or , ''Ḥarb 1967'', "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 between Israel and Jordan, Syria, and Egypt. Relations between Israel and its neighbours were not normalised after the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In 1956 Israel invaded the Sinai peninsula in Egypt, with one of its objectives being the reopening of the Straits of Tiran that Egypt had blocked to Israeli shipping since 1950. Israel was eventually forced to withdraw, but was guaranteed that the Straits of Tiran would remain open. A United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) was deployed along the border, but there was no demilitarisation agreement. In the months prior to June 1967, tensions became dangerously heightened. Israel reiterated its post-1956 position that the closure of the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping would be a cause for war ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



picture info

Geopolitics
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ ''gê'' "earth, land" and πολιτική ''politikḗ'' "politics") is the study of the effects of Earth's geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations. While geopolitics usually refers to countries and relations between them, it may also focus on two other kinds of states: ''de facto'' independent states with limited international recognition and relations between sub-national geopolitical entities, such as the federated states that make up a federation, confederation or a quasi-federal system. At the level of international relations, geopolitics is a method of studying foreign policy to understand, explain and predict international political behavior through geographical variables. These include area studies, climate, topography, demography, natural resources, and applied science of the region being evaluated. Geopolitics focuses on political power linked to geographic space. In particular, territorial waters and land ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]



Ruqqad
The Ruqqad is a wadi flowing in south-west Syria, and ''de facto'' also in Northeast Israel. It flows into the Yarmouk River, of which it is one of the main tributaries, and forms the topographical eastern boundary of the Golan Heights. It marks the south-east part of the ''de facto'' border between the Israel-annexed part of the Golan Heights and the Syrian-held part of the region. The Battle of Yarmuk between the Byzantines and Muslims in 636 took place in an area bordered by Wadi ar-Raqqad, close to its junction with the Yarmuk River. Name The name is written as Wadi ar-Raqqad, al Raqqad, Ruqqad or Ruqqād, in different combinations. The word is derived from the root and means more or less to sleep or lie down. References {{coord|32.7790|N|35.7914|E|source:wikidata|display=title Category:Valleys of Syria Category:Golan Heights Category:Rivers of Syria Category:Rivers of Israel ...
[...More Info...]      
[...Related Items...]