HOME

TheInfoList




Guntur () is a city and the administrative headquarters of
Guntur district Guntur district is one of the nine districts in the Coastal Andhra Coastal Andhra (') is a region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It was part of Madras State before 1953 and Andhra State from 1953 to 1956. According to the 2011 ce ...
in the
Indian state India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest country by area, the List of countries and dependencies by population, second ...
of
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh (English: Telugu: ) is a States and union territories of India, state in the south-eastern Coastal India, coastal region of India. It is the List of states and union territories of India by area, seventh-largest state by area c ...

Andhra Pradesh
.
Guntur City Guntur () is a city and the administrative headquarters of Guntur district in the States and union territories of India, Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Guntur City is spread across 168.49 km square and is the third-largest City in the sta ...
is spread across 168.49 km square and is the third-largest City in the state. It is situated to the west of the
Bay of Bengal The Bay of Bengal is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's five ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface ...

Bay of Bengal
, on the
Eastern Coastal Plains The Eastern Coastal Plains is a wide stretch of landmass of India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest country by area, the ...
. The city is the heartland of the state, located in the centre of
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh (English: Telugu: ) is a States and union territories of India, state in the south-eastern Coastal India, coastal region of India. It is the List of states and union territories of India by area, seventh-largest state by area c ...

Andhra Pradesh
and making it a central part connecting different regions. It serves as a major hub for exports chilli, cotton and tobacco and has the largest chili market yard in Asia. It is a major transportation, education and commercial hub for the state. Guntur city is a
municipal corporation A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body An Academy school in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west a ...
and also the headquarters of Guntur East and
Guntur West mandal Guntur West mandal is one of the 58 mandal A tehsil also known as tahsil, taluka, or taluk) is a local unit of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region ...
s in
Guntur revenue division Guntur revenue division is an administrative division in the Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It comprises 20 mandals and is one of the four revenue divisions in the district, along with Narasaraopet revenue division, Naras ...
. The city region is a major part of Amaravati Metropolitan Region.
census of India The decennial Census of India has been conducted 15 times, as of 2011. While it has been undertaken every 10 years, beginning in 1872 under British Viceroy Lord Mayo, the first complete census was taken in 1881. Post 1949, it has been conducted by ...
the city is the third most populous in the state with a population of 743,354. It is classified as a ''Y-grade'' city as per the Seventh Central Pay Commission. It is the 24th most densely populated city in the world and 11th in India. Guntur is estimated to have current population of around 0.9 million. The city forms a part of the
East Coast Economic Corridor The East Coast Economic Corridor (ECEC) is India’s first coastal economic corridor covering 2500 km of India's coastline, to be developed with the help of the Asian Development Bank, Asian Development Bank (ADB). The ADB is to invest $500 m ...
, an important industrial corridor in the country. It hosts many state offices and agencies, being part of the district capital and being in close proximity to the state legislative capital
Amaravati Amaravati is the legislative capital and the de facto ''De facto'' ( ; , "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practic ...
. The city is about 1100 miles south of the national capital
New Delhi New Delhi (, ''Naī Dillī'') is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majusc ...

New Delhi
. Guntur is known for its chilli, cotton and tobacco exports and has the largest chilli market yard in Asia. The city region is surrounded by many ancient temples and sites that include Kondavidu, Amararama,
Caves A cave or cavern is a natural void in the ground Ground may refer to: * Soil File:Stagnogley.JPG, Surface-water-Gley soil, gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland. Soil is a mixture of organic matter, minerals, gases, liquids, an ...

Caves
,
Pedakakani Pedakakani is a village in the Guntur district Guntur district is one of the nine districts in the Coastal Andhra Coastal Andhra (') is a region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It was part of Madras State before 1953 and Andhr ...
.


Etymology

The earliest reference to the present name of the city can be dated back to the period of Ammaraja–I (922-929 CE), the
Vengi Vengi (or Venginadu) is a delta region spread over the Krishna river, Krishna and Godavari River, (also called Godavari District, Godavari and Krishna districts), the region is also known as Godavari Delta, that used to house world famous diamond ...
Eastern Chalukyan King. It also has its appearance in another two inscriptions dated 1147 AD and 1158 AD. In
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
, Guntur was referred to as ''Garthapuri''. "Garthapuri" or "Guntlapuri" translates to "a place surrounded by water ponds". The settlement might have been near a pond, a "gunta" in Telugu; hence, :gunta uru" translates to "pond village" in Telugu. Another source refers to "kunta" (a land measuring unit) which may have transformed to "kunta uru" and later to "Guntur".


History

The earliest recorded reference of Guntur comes from the Ammaraja I (922–929 CE), the Vengi Chalukyan king. The inscriptions stones in the Agastyeshwara temple in 'Naga Lipi' (an ancient script) dates back to about 1100 CE. It is located in Old Guntur and is considered one of the most famous temples in the city. It is said that
Agastya Agastya (Sanskrit: अगस्त्य) was a revered Indian Indian or Indians refers to people or things related to India, or to the indigenous people of the Americas, or Aboriginal Australians until the 19th century. People South As ...

Agastya
built the temple in the last
Treta Yuga The ''Treta Yuga'', in Hinduism Hinduism () is an Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent. These religions, which in ...
around the
swayambhu Swayambhu ( sa, स्वयम्भू) is a Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European lan ...

swayambhu
linga A lingam ( sa, लिङ्ग , lit. "sign, symbol or mark"), sometimes referred to as linga or Shiva linga, is an abstract or aniconic Aniconism is the absence of material representations of both the natural and supernatural worlds in variou ...

linga
and hence it has this name. The 'Nagas' were said to have ruled the region at that time. R.Agraharam and Old Guntur areas are considered to be the older parts of the city. The region has been historically known for
Buddhism Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, and ...

Buddhism
and the first
Kalachakra ''Kālacakra'' () is a polysemic Polysemy ( or ; from grc-gre, πολύ-, , "many" and , , "sign") is the capacity for a word or phrase to have multiple meanings, usually related by contiguity of meaning within a semantic field. Polysemy i ...
ceremony performed by
Gautama Buddha Gautama Buddha, popularly known as the Buddha (also known as Siddhattha Gotama or Siddhārtha Gautama or Buddha Shakyamuni), was an , a religious leader and teacher who lived in (c. 6th to 5th century BCE or c. 5th to 4th century BCE). He ...

Gautama Buddha
himself. The place of Sitanagaram and the Guttikonda caves are referred in the ancient texts ( Vedic puranas) going back to the
Treta Yuga The ''Treta Yuga'', in Hinduism Hinduism () is an Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent. These religions, which in ...
and
Dvapara Yuga The ''Dvapara Yuga'' ( Dwapara Yuga), in Hinduism Hinduism () is an Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent. These r ...
. Old inscriptions of
Satavahana The Satavahanas (''Sādavāhana'' or ''Sātavāhana'', International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration, IAST: ), also referred to as the Andhras in the Puranas, were an ancient Indian dynasty based in the Deccan Plateau, Deccan region. Mos ...
period are found in Chebrolu area south of the city. As India came under the invasions from the west in the last 800 years, Guntur region itself got affected and exploited for its resources by European/foreign colonies. The French shifted their headquarters from
Kondaveedu Fort Kondaveedu Fort is a historically significant ancient hill fortress located in Kondaveedu, a village in the Chilakaluripet Chilakaluripet is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the Mandal headquarters of Chi ...
to here in 1752, probably because of the ample availability of water due to the two large tanks. This settlement formed the nucleus of the modern city. The
Nizams of Hyderabad 230px, Mir Osman Ali Khan The Nizams were the 18th-through-20th-century rulers of Hyderabad. Nizam of Hyderabad (Niẓām ul-Mulk, also known as Asaf Jah) was the title of the monarch of the Hyderabad State ( divided between the state of ...
and
Hyder Ali Hyder Ali, ''Haidarālī'' (c. 1720 – 7 December 1782) was the Sultan Sultan (; ar, سلطان ', ) is a Royal and noble ranks, position with several historical meanings. Originally, it was an Arabic abstract noun meaning "strength", ...

Hyder Ali
also ruled the city until it came under
British rule The British Raj (; from ''rāj'', literally, "rule" in Sanskrit Sanskrit (, attributively , ''saṃskṛta-'', nominalization, nominally , ''saṃskṛtam'') is a classical language of South Asia belonging to the Indo-Aryan languages, ...

British rule
in 1788. French astronomer,
Pierre Janssen Pierre Jules César Janssen (22 February 1824 – 23 December 1907), also known as Jules Janssen, was a French astronomer who, along with English scientist Joseph Norman Lockyer, is credited with discovering the gaseous nature of the solar ch ...

Pierre Janssen
observed the
solar eclipse A solar eclipse occurs when a portion of the Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The r ...

solar eclipse
of 18 August 1868 and discovered
helium Helium (from el, ἥλιος, helios Helios; Homeric Greek: ), Latinized as Helius; Hyperion and Phaethon are also the names of his father and son respectively. often given the epithets Hyperion ("the one above") and Phaethon ("the shining" ...

helium
, from Guntur in
Madras State Madras State was a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...
,
British India The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in the Indian subcontinent. Collectively, they have been called British India. In one ...
. It was made the headquarters of a district named after it that was abolished in 1859, only to be reconstituted in 1904. The city rapidly became a major market for agricultural produce from the surrounding countryside due to the opening of the railway link in 1890. The expansion continued post
independence Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or Sovereign state, state in which residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over its territory. The opposite of independe ...
as well and was concentrated in what is now called "New Guntur", with many urban areas such as Brodipet, Arundelpet and suburban areas like Pattabhipuram, Chandramouli Nagar, Sita Rama nagar, Brindavan Gardens, etc. In 2012, the city limits were expanded with the merger of surrounding ten villages, namely
Nallapadu Nallapadu is a neighbourhood A neighbourhood (British English, Hiberno-English, Hibernian English, Australian English and Canadian English) or neighborhood (American English; American and British English spelling differences, see spellin ...
, Pedapalakaluru, Ankireddipalem, Adavitakkellapadu, Gorantla, Pothuru, Chowdavaram, Etukuru, Budampadu and Reddypalem.


Geography

Guntur is located at . It has an average elevation of and is situated on the plains. There are few hills in the surrounding suburban areas and Perecherla Reserve Forest on the north west. The city is around to the west of the
Bay of Bengal The Bay of Bengal is the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's five ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface ...

Bay of Bengal
on the east coast of India. The
Krishna Krishna (, ; sa, कृष्ण, ) is a major deity A deity or god is a supernatural being considered divinity, divine or sacred. The ''Oxford Dictionary of English'' defines deity as a God (male deity), god or goddess (in a polythei ...

Krishna
delta lies partly in the
Guntur district Guntur district is one of the nine districts in the Coastal Andhra Coastal Andhra (') is a region in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. It was part of Madras State before 1953 and Andhra State from 1953 to 1956. According to the 2011 ce ...
. There are other smaller rivers and channels in the region such as Guntur Channel, Chandravanka, Naagileru, Guntur Branch Canal etc. As quoted in NASA's website "it is typical of the wider deltas along the southeast coast of India (known as the
Coromandel Coast The Coromandel Coast is the southeastern coastal region of the Indian subcontinent, bounded by the Utkal Plains to the north, the Bay of Bengal to the east, the Kaveri The Kaveri (also known as Cauvery, the name) is an Indian river ...
). The braided stream channels, broad floodplain, and extensive sandbars suggest that this part of the Krishna River flows through relatively flat terrain and carries a substantial amount of sediment, especially during the monsoon season."


Climate

As per Köppen-Geiger climate classification system the climate in Guntur is
tropical The tropics are the region of Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth's surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70.8% ...
(Aw). The average temperature is warm to hot year-round. The summer season (especially during May and June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by . The winter season (from November to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Winter months are usually dry, with little to no rainfall. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is and annual rainfall is about . Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June.
Cyclone In meteorology Meteorology is a branch of the (which include and ), with a major focus on . The study of meteorology dates back , though significant progress in meteorology did not begin until the 18th century. The 19th century saw mo ...

Cyclone
s may occur any time of the year, but occur more commonly between May and November.


Demographics

census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...
, Guntur had a population of 367,699 with a growth rate of 36.19.
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...
, the city had a population of . which constitute males and females —a
sex ratio The sex ratio is the ratio In mathematics, a ratio indicates how many times one number contains another. For example, if there are eight oranges and six lemons in a bowl of fruit, then the ratio of oranges to lemons is eight to six (that is, ...

sex ratio
of 1004 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 females per 1000 males. The 2018 estimate of the city population is estimated to be around 8.5
lakh A lakh (; abbreviated L; sometimes written lac) is a unit in the Indian numbering system The Indian numbering system is used in the Indian subcontinent (Bangladesh Bangladesh (; bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's R ...

lakh
.


Language and religion

Telugu Telugu may refer to: * Telugu language, a major Dravidian language of India *Telugu people, an ethno-linguistic group of India * Telugu script, used to write the Telugu language ** Telugu (Unicode block), a block of Telugu characters in Unicode ...
is the widely spoken language with a total of native speakers, followed by
Urdu Urdu (; ur, , ALA-LC ALA-LC (American Library Association The American Library Association (ALA) is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonpr ...

Urdu
speakers. A significant minority speak
Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, North India. Hindi has been described as a Standard la ...

Hindi
,
Odia Odia, also spelled Oriya or Odiya, may refer to: * Odia people in Odisha, India * Odia language, an Indian language, belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family * Odia alphabet, a writing system used for the Odia language ...
and
Tamil Tamil may refer to: * Tamils The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar ( ta, தமிழர், Tamiḻar, translit-std=ISO, in the singular or ta, தமிழர்கள், Tamiḻarkaḷ, translit-std=ISO, label=none, in the plural), o ...

Tamil
. ''Select "Andhra Pradesh" from the download menu. Data for "Guntur (M+OG)" is at row 12602 of the excel file.'' The religious population constitute
Hindus Hindus (; ) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism Hinduism () is an Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic re ...
(77.91%),
Muslims Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", ...
(18.05%),
Christians Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of ...

Christians
(3.25%),
Jains Jainism (), traditionally known as ''Jain Dharma'', is an ancient Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent. These religion ...

Jains
(0.35%) and (0.82%) not stating any religion. ''Select "Andhra Pradesh" from the download menu. Data for "Guntur (M+OG)" is at row 2682 of the excel file.'' One of the purportedly lost tribes of Israel called Bene Ephraim, has its presence in Guntur, with a
Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is ...

Jewish
synagogue A synagogue, ', 'house of assembly', or ', "house of prayer"; Yiddish Yiddish (, or , ''yidish'' or ''idish'', , ; , ''Yidish-Taytsh'', ) is a West Germanic The West Germanic languages constitute the largest of the three branches ...

synagogue
as well.


Governance


Civic administration and politics

Guntur municipality is one of the oldest municipalities with more than 150 years of history. It was constituted with 25,000 population in 1866 and later got upgraded to third grade municipality in 1891, first grade in 1917, special grade in 1952 and then to selection grade in 1960. In 1994, it was finally made as
municipal corporation A municipal corporation is the legal term for a local governing body An Academy school in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west a ...
and the first ever municipal election was conducted in 1995. In the year 2012, the city limits were expanded by merging ten surrounding villages into the
Guntur Municipal Corporation Guntur Municipal Corporation is the civic body that governs the Guntur City Guntur () is a city and the administrative headquarters of Guntur district in the States and union territories of India, Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Guntur City ...
. There are a total 52 revenue wards in the corporation. The present municipal
commissioner A commissioner is, in principle, a member of a commission Commission or commissioning may refer to: Business and contracting * Commission (remuneration), a form of payment to an agent for services rendered ** Commission (art), the purchase or the ...

commissioner
is Shrikesh B Lathkar. During the financial year 2018–19, the corporation had a budget of . Recently the corporation topped the charts in property tax collections in the state. In the Indian general elections, Guntur Lok Sabha constituency is one among the 25 constituencies in the state to represent the
Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha, constitutionally A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human ...

Lok Sabha
. While, Guntur East and Guntur West are the two assembly constituencies from 175 assembly segments, representing the state assembly.


State offices

As part of the
Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Andhra Pradesh Capital Region is the metropolitan region area surrounding Amaravati (state capital), Amaravati, the defacto capital city of Andhra Pradesh. It includes the major ancient cities of Vijayawada, Guntur, and Tenali. Andhra Pradesh Ca ...
, the city hosts many state offices and agencies such as
Andhra Pradesh Forest Department Andhra Pradesh Forest Department is one of the administrative divisions of Government of Andhra Pradesh. It is headed by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Head of Forest Force. The primary function of this department is protection, cons ...
, Agricultural Marketing Department etc.


Law and order

Guntur Urban and Rural police offices oversee the law and order for the city and the rural areas surrounding it. The Guntur Urban Police is under consideration to be upgraded as Guntur Police Commissionerate. The NCC Group Guntur is the
National Cadet CorpsNational Cadet Corps may refer to: *Bangladesh National Cadet Corps *National Cadet Corps (Ghana) *National Cadet Corps (India) *National Cadet Corps (Singapore) *National Cadet Corps (Sri Lanka) {{Mil-unit-dis ...
of the Armed forces. It is located at Syamalanagar. The city also hosts one of the
Indian Army The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organi ...

Indian Army
recruitment and training centres. The city has a new Regional Passport Centre to cater the citizens of the district and state. The High Court was in Guntur after the separation from the erstwhile
Madras State Madras State was a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper ...
, which was later moved to
Hyderabad Hyderabad ( , , ) is the capital and largest city of the India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest country by area, the ...

Hyderabad
after the formation of
Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh (English: Telugu: ) is a States and union territories of India, state in the south-eastern Coastal India, coastal region of India. It is the List of states and union territories of India by area, seventh-largest state by area c ...

Andhra Pradesh
. After the bifurcation of the state a new High Court is setup in the capital region of the district. The AP State Judicial Preview offices are located at Nagarampalem.


Human resources


Healthcare

The Government General Hospital (GGH) provides free healthcare to people across the district. There are other healthcare facilities like Sankara Eye Hospital that serve people in and around the city. Also there are urban health care centres, couple of hundred private hospitals in the city. The infrastructure for the government hospital is being improved to support increased population of the region.


Public Safety

As part of the traffic and safety issues Guntur Urban and local police are implementing various measures with latest available technologies. Threat detection, traffic violations etc are being monitored with effective surveillance and central monitoring control systems. Implementation of high resolution cameras are done various important traffic junctions. The businesses and restaurants are encouraged by the city police to increase the security and surveillance within their premises as well.


Utility services

''Guntur Channel'' is the main source of drinking water for the city residents, which draws water from
Krishna river The Krishna River is the fourth-largest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganges The Ganges ( ) (in India: Ganga ( ); in Bangladesh: Padma River, Padma ( )). "The Ganges Basin, known in India as ...

Krishna river
through channels and tributaries. Extension of this channel is being planned to cover more areas around the city in the capital region. Summer storage tank at Sangam Jagarlamudi, Vengalayapalem reservoir are the other sources of water to the city. The
Andhra Pradesh Southern Power Distribution Company Limited Andhra Pradesh Southern Power Distribution Company Limited or APSPDCL is the Electric power distribution, Electricity Distribution company owned by the Government of Andhra Pradesh for the Five Southern Districts of Andhra Pradesh namely Kurnool ...
(APSPDCL) is responsible for power supply to the registered service connections through various sub-stations. Guntur is one among the thirty-one cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) was launched by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi in June 2015 with the focus to establish infrastructure that could ensure adequate robust sewage networks and water supply for urb ...
(AMRUT). As per the 2018
Swachh Survekshan ''Swachh Survekshan'' ( lit. Cleanliness survey) is an annual survey of cleanliness, hygiene and sanitation in villages, cities and towns across India. It was launched as part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Swachh Bh ...
rankings, the city was ranked 129th in the country, with a score of 2460.18. The corporation received the ''open defecation free city'' certificate as part of
Swachh Bharat Mission Swatchh Bharat Mission (SBM), Swatchh Bharat Abhiyan, or Clean India Mission is a country-wide campaign initiated by the Government of India The Government of India (ISO The International Organization for Standardization (ISO; ) is an ...
.


Economy

The city is headquarters to ''Agricultural Marketing Department''. ''The Tobacco Board'', ''The Spices Board'' also has their headquarters located in the city. ''Agriculture Market Committee Market Yard'', the largest chilly yard of Asia, generates an income of up to during trading season. The spiciest Guntur chillies are exported to foreign countries and the city stands second in terms of trade, next to Mexico. Commercial activities are concentrated mostly on outlets such as, cinema halls, malls, jewelry, fertilisers. There are also several spinning mills on the outskirts of the city.


Culture

The city residents are referred as ''Gunturians''. Traditional drama and theatrical events also have their presence in the city. There are many festivals for literature, poetry, kavi-sammelan in the city. Guntur has many auditoriums such as Venkateswara Vignana Mandiram, Annamaiah Kalavedika etc to conduct these cultural events. New auditoriums like Kala-pranganam are coming up in Guntur. The city observes many festivals such as
Rama Navami Rama Navami ( hi, राम नवमी) is a Hindu spring festival that celebrates the birthday of Shree Rama, the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu. Rama is particularly important in the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism. The festival celebra ...
, Hanuman Jayanthi,
Maha Shivaratri Maha Shivaratri (IAST The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanisation of Brahmic family, Indic scripts as employed by Sanskrit and related Indic languages. It ...
, ,
Vijaya Dasami Vijayadashami ( sa, विजयदशमी, Vijayadaśamī, translit-std=IAST), also known as Dussehra, Dasara or Dashain Dashain (, Nepal or ''Baḍadasai'' ), also Bijaya Dashami) is a festival originating from Nepal. In other parts of ...
,
Deepawali Diwali (; Deepavali (IAST: ''dīpāvalī'') or Divali; related to Diwali (Jainism), Jain Diwali, Bandi Chhor Divas, Tihar (festival), Tihar, Swanti (festival), Swanti, Sohrai and Bandna) is a festival of lights and one of the major festival ...

Deepawali
,
Holi Holi () is a popular ancient Indian festival, also known as the "Festival of Love", the "Festival of Colours" and the "Festival of Spring".The New Oxford Dictionary of English (1998) p. 874 "Holi /'həʊli:/ noun a Hindu spring festival .. ...

Holi
,
Ugadi Ugadi or Yugadi, also known as Samvatsarādi (), is the New Year's Day for the states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The ...
, Eid, ,
Christmas Christmas is an annual festival commemorating Nativity of Jesus, the birth of Jesus Christ, observed primarily on December 25 as a religious and cultural celebration among billions of people Observance of Christmas by country, around the world ...

Christmas
, Karthika Pournami.


Cuisine

The
South Indian South India is a region consisting of the southern part of India, which encompasses the States and union territories of India, Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana, as well as the union territory, uni ...
breakfast varieties such as
Idli Idli or idly () () are a type of savoury rice cake, originating from the Indian subcontinent, popular as breakfast foods in Southern India South India is a region consisting of the southern part of India India (Hindi: ), offici ...

Idli
,
Dosa A dosa is a thin pancake or crepe originating from South India, made from a fermentation (food), fermented batter (cooking), batter predominantly consisting of lentils and rice. It is somewhat similar to a crepe in appearance, although savoury ...

Dosa
,
Puri Puri () is a coastal city and a Nagar Palika, municipality in the state of Odisha in eastern India. It is the district headquarters of Puri district and is situated on the Bay of Bengal, south of the state capital of Bhubaneswar. It is als ...

Puri
,
Vada Vada or Vayda may refer to: People *Gunnar Vada (born 1927), Norwegian politician *Vada Nobles, American record producer *Vada Pinson (1938–1995), American baseball player *Vada Sultenfuss, fictional character in the 1991 film My Girl (film), ''M ...
etc., are preferred mostly. The ''Red chilli biryani'' is one of the native dish from the area.
Guntur Sannam Guntur Sannam or ''Capsicum annuum'' var. ''longum'', is a variety of chili pepper that grows in the districts of Guntur, Prakasam district, Prakasam (Andhra Pradesh), Warangal (Telangana), and Khammam in India. It is registered as one of the ge ...
, a
chilli Chili or chilli may refer to: Food * Chili con carne, often referred to simply as "chili", a stew with a chili sauce base * Chili pepper, the spicy fruit of plants in the genus ''Capsicum''; sometimes spelled "chilli" in the UK and "chile" in th ...

chilli
variety was registered as one of the
geographical indication A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g., a town, region, or country). The use of a geographical indication, as an indication of the product's source, ...
from Andhra Pradesh under the ''Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999''.


Cityscape

The major commercial and residential areas in the city include the Arundelpet, Lakshmipuram and Brodipet. Koretapadu, Navabharath Nagar, Pattabhipuram, Shyamla Nagar and Vidya Nagar etc., are some of the other areas in the city. Autonagar, Gorantla,
Pedapalakaluru Pedapalakaluru is a neighbourhood A neighbourhood (British English, Hiberno-English, Hibernian English, Australian English and Canadian English) or neighborhood (American English; American and British English spelling differences, see spe ...
,
Nallapadu Nallapadu is a neighbourhood A neighbourhood (British English, Hiberno-English, Hibernian English, Australian English and Canadian English) or neighborhood (American English; American and British English spelling differences, see spellin ...
, Budampadu, Chowdavaram etc. are some of the other areas of the city. The city has many parks, museums, temples, nature conservation sites, forts, resorts and caves. The Jinnah Tower is one of the iconic structure on Mahatma Gandhi Road, one of the important centres of the city. There are seventeen parks in the city with some of them maintained by the municipal corporation. Larger city parks like Nagara-Vanam are being developed on the outskirts of the city. There are many places to visit nearby the city such as Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary,
Kondaveedu Fort Kondaveedu Fort is a historically significant ancient hill fortress located in Kondaveedu, a village in the Chilakaluripet Chilakaluripet is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the Mandal headquarters of Chi ...
etc. There are many festivals and events in the region such as beach festivals, hill festivals attract the city residents during various festival seasons. The closest beach to the city region is Suryalanka Beach, Surya Lanka.


Environment

The pollution levels in Guntur city are at a moderate levels when compared with other major cities of the Country. There are many efforts being made to increase the awareness and keep the city cleaner. The hundred day clean drive, is a recent drive being taken place to keep the city region clean. Plastic waste to fuel conversion plant is setup in the city. Currently the fuel from the plant is being used for vehicles run by the city municipal corporation. As part of the waste management, GMC is using electric vehicles for the collection of garbage from the dwellers. Also government is encouraging the residents and local transportations to use electric vehicles for better air quality in the city. e-auto rickshaws are introduced in the city to reduce air and sound pollution. Many electric charging stations are being setup across the city for this purpose. Efforts are being made to reduce plastic usage in the city and bring back the traditional, environment friendly materials. The corporation is encouraging the use of biodegradable materials like jute, paper, cloth and giving incentives with subsidized rates for such usage. With rapid increase in population and urbanization, Guntur is in dire need of sustainable and strategic planning by the state as well as central governments. The UN agency in a recent study has recommended to the city government to implement larger parks, increase in green space, real need for the introduction of mass transit with metro train and electric bus systems, proper planning of the city expansion etc. There are few nature conservations near the city that are being protected and developed by local government and private agencies such as ITC by planting more trees. These places include hills of Kondaveedu, Uppalapadu, Perechera forest reserve etc. There has been increased interest and awareness to these places by the residents for such things like trekking.


Transportation

The local transport preferred by the commuters include, privately operated auto rickshaws, cabs, mini-buses etc., and government run Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation, APSRTC buses in specified routes. Everyday, close to one
lakh A lakh (; abbreviated L; sometimes written lac) is a unit in the Indian numbering system The Indian numbering system is used in the Indian subcontinent (Bangladesh Bangladesh (; bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's R ...

lakh
people travel by different modes of transport. Auto rickshaws operating on a sharing basis are the cheapest form of transport for the students and the working population. NTR bus station handles more than 2000 buses everyday, which arrive from different districts of the state. A new mini bus station built in the premises of NTR bus station is being used to run buses towards Vijayawada to ease the congestion in main bus station. GMC is developing e-Bus Bay centres in the city for the convenience of commuters. The ''Rail Vikas Bhavan'' at Pattabhipuram in the city is the headquarters of Guntur railway division. , and railway stations of the city provide rail transport. While, , Perecherla and railway stations serve as satellite stations to the city commuters. The Guntur railway station operates MEMU and local trains for the commuting population, including thousands of university students. There had been a proposal to build a no frills airport for the city. The airport located at Vijayawada Airport, Gannavaram currently serves some of the air travel needs for the city commuters. The city has a total road length of . The Inner Ring Road, Guntur, Mahatma Gandhi Inner Ring Road is an arterial road with a stretch of , that encircles the city with its start and end points on National Highway 16 (India), NH 16. The other arterial city roads include, the ''Grand Trunk Road'', ''JKC College Road'', ''Lakshmipuram Road'', ''Pattabhipuram Road'' and ''Palakaluru Road'' etc. The city is connected to major destinations by National highways of India, National highways, List of state highways in Andhra Pradesh, State highways and district roads. National Highway 16 (India), National Highway 16 passes on the eastern side of the city, which is also a part of AH45, Asian Highway 45 and Golden Quadrilateral. The National Highway NH167A and State Highway 2 (Andhra Pradesh), State Highway 2 connect the city with Macherla and
Hyderabad Hyderabad ( , , ) is the capital and largest city of the India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, seventh-largest country by area, the ...

Hyderabad
. National Highway National Highway 544D (India), NH544D connects Guntur city with Anantapur and towards Bangalore, Bengaluru by National Highway 44 (India), NH44. A new Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway, Expressway is proposed connecting the city to Rayalaseema region with faster access. State Highway 48 (Andhra Pradesh), State Highway 48 connects the city with seashore and beaches through Bapatla and Chirala. The ''Guntur–Amaravati,'' ''Guntur– Nandivelugu'', ''Guntur-Tenali''. and ''Guntur-Parchoor'' roads are the district roads connecting their respective destinations.


Education and research

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the ''School Education Department'' of the state. As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, the city limits (including the merged villages) have more than one lakh students enrolled in over 400 schools. The Central Board of Secondary Education, Secondary School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education are the different types of syllabi followed by different schools. The medium of instruction followed by schools are Telugu, English and Urdu. The public library system is supported by the government with the central library located at Arundalpet. Government colleges and institutions include, Guntur Medical College, Government Junior College for Girls. There exists one residential college under APRJC, ten private aided, two co-operative and many private unaided colleges. Hindu College, Guntur, Hindu College, Andhra Christian College, A.C College are some of the older institutes in the city. Jagarlamudi Kuppuswamy Chowdary College, JKC College, RVR & JC College of Engineering, Tellakula Jalayya Polisetty Somasundaram College (TJPS College), Government College for Women and St. Joseph's College of Education for Women are the autonomous colleges approved under Universities Grant Commission scheme. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalagiri, AIIMS in Mangalagiri is a central medical institute near the city region. The Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Agricultural University at Lam, Guntur district, Lam village is administered from Gorantla area of the city. The Acharya Nagarjuna University, a state university located at Namburu, affiliates many colleges and institutes of the city. Research centres related to different fields such as, Regional Agmark, AGMARK laboratory, regional station of ''Central Tobacco Research Institute'' of Indian Council of Agricultural Research are also present. The city hosts many national, state level conferences and expos on many topics like economy, agriculture, technology etc. The first Agri Infotech expo for the state is being held at the University campus at Guntur to make use of the latest technologies and adhering to traditional organic farming practices. Information Technology centres are setup in and around the city institutes to facilitate IT company employees with 'IT Work from Town Centres'. The centres are equipped with better network speed, uninterrupted power supply.


Media

As per the 58th annual report of Press India 2013–14, the major Telugu daily publications from Guntur are ABN Andhra Jyothi, Andhra Jyothi, Eenadu, Andhra Prabha, Sakshi (newspaper), Sakshi, Suryaa (newspaper), Suryaa, Vaartha, Telugu Jatiya Dinapatrika Vaartha. The English publications are, Deccan Chronicle, News Boom, The Fourth Voice, Views Observer.


Sports

Sporting infrastructure of the city include several venues for many sports such as, Brahmananda Reddy stadium for Tennis, Badminton, Volleyball, Athletics, Gymnastics, Swimming (sport), Swimming; NTR Municipal Indoor stadium for Table tennis, Table Tennis and Volleyball; and also other sports such as Boxing. It becomes the first state to get blue athletic track in India The city has hosted sporting events such as, ''All India Senior Tennis Association'', ''All India Sub Junior Ranking Badminton Tournament'', ''All India Invitation Volleyball Tournament'', ''Ganta Sanjeeva Reddy Memorial Trophy'', ''Inter-district Master Aquatic Championship'' etc. The city was also a host for ''Khelo India programme'' for junior level national sports. City hosts mini marathons and walks such as 10K-Walk in and around the city region. International sports personalities from the city include: cricketer Ambati Rayudu; badminton player Srikanth Kidambi, who won the ''Super Series'' title in China and also finished as a quarter finalist at the 2016 Summer Olympics.


See also

*
Amaravati Amaravati is the legislative capital and the de facto ''De facto'' ( ; , "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even though they are not officially recognized by laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practic ...
*Telangana movement *Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 * List of cities in Andhra Pradesh


References


External links


Guntur Municipal Corporation
{{Authority control Guntur, Towns in Guntur district Cities in Andhra Pradesh Mandal headquarters in Guntur district District headquarters of Andhra Pradesh Cities in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region