HOME

TheInfoList




In
monotheistic Monotheism is the belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In psychology Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousn ...
thought, God is conceived of as the supreme being, creator, and principal object of
faith Faith, derived from ''fides'' and ''feid'', is confidence or trust in a , thing, or In the context of , one can define faith as " in or in the doctrines or teachings of religion". Religious people often think of faith as confidence based on ...
. Swinburne, R.G. "God" in Honderich, Ted. (ed)''The Oxford Companion to Philosophy'',
Oxford University Press Oxford University Press (OUP) is the university press of the University of Oxford. It is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press. It is a department of the University of Oxford and is g ...

Oxford University Press
, 1995.
God is usually conceived of as being
omnipotent '' Michelangelo.html"_;"title="Separation_of_Light_from_Darkness''_by_Michelangelo">Separation_of_Light_from_Darkness''_by_Michelangelo_ Omnipotence_is_the_quality_of_having_unlimited_power_and_potential._Monotheism.html" ;"title="Michelangelo_.ht ...
,
omniscient Omniscience () is the capacity to know everything. In monotheistic religions, such as Sikhism and the Abrahamic religions, this is an God#Specific attributes, attribute of God. In Jainism, omniscience is an attribute that any individual can ev ...
,
omnipresent Omnipresence or ubiquity is the property of being present anywhere and everywhere. The term omnipresence is most often used in a religious Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and ...
and
omnibenevolent Omnibenevolence (from Latin ''omni-'' meaning "all", ''bene-'' meaning "good" and ''volens'' meaning "willing") is defined by the '' Oxford English Dictionary'' as "unlimited or infinite wikt:benevolence, benevolence". Some philosophers have argue ...
as well as having an
eternal Eternal(s) or The Eternal may refer to: * Eternity, an infinite amount of time, or a timeless state * Immortality or eternal life * God, the supreme being, creator deity, and principal object of faith in monotheism Comics, film and television * ...
and necessary existence. God is most often held to be
incorporealIncorporeality is "the state or quality of being incorporeal or bodiless; immateriality; incorporealism." Incorporeal (Greek: ασώματος) means "Not composed of matter; having no material existence." Incorporeality is a quality of souls In ...
, with said characteristic being related to conceptions of transcendence or
immanence The doctrine or theory of immanence holds that the divine Divinity or the divine are things that are either related to, devoted to, or proceeding from a deity A deity or god is a supernatural The supernatural encompasses supposed ph ...
. Some religions describe God without reference to gender, while others use terminology that is gender-specific and . God has been conceived as either personal or impersonal. In
theism Theism is broadly defined as the belief in the existence of a Supreme Being, supreme being or deities. In common parlance, or when contrasted with ''deism'', the term often describes the classical conception of God that is found in monotheism (a ...
, God is the creator and sustainer of the
universe The universe ( la, universus) is all of space and time and their contents, including planets, stars, galaxy, galaxies, and all other forms of matter and energy. The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological description of the development ...

universe
, while in
deism Deism ( or ; derived from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the p ...
, God is the creator, but not the sustainer, of the universe. In
pantheism Pantheism is the belief that reality is identical with divinity, or that all things compose an all-encompassing, immanent god. Pantheist belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psych ...

pantheism
, God is the universe itself.
Atheism Atheism, in the broadest sense, is an absence of belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In psychology Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psy ...

Atheism
is an absence of belief in any God or
deity A deity or god is a supernatural being considered divinity, divine or sacred. The ''Oxford Dictionary of English'' defines deity as a God (male deity), god or goddess (in a polytheistic religion), or anything revered as divine. C. Scott Littleto ...

deity
, while
agnosticism Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural The supernatural encompasses supposed phenomena that are not subject to the laws of nature.https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/supernatural By de ...

agnosticism
deems the existence of God unknown or unknowable. God has also been conceived as the source of all
moral obligation An obligation is a course of action that someone is required to take, whether legal Law is a system of rules created and law enforcement, enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior,Robertson, ''Crimes against hu ...
, and the "greatest conceivable existent". Many notable philosophers have developed arguments for and against the
existence of God The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion Philosophy of religion is "the philosophical examination of the central themes and concepts involved in religious traditions". Philosophical discussions on such topic ...
. Each monotheistic religion refers to its god using different
names A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a given context. The entity identified by a name is called its referent A referent ...
, some referring to cultural ideas about the god's identity and attributes. In ancient Egyptian
Atenism Atenism, the Aten religion, the Amarna religion, or the "Amarna heresy" was a and the religious changes associated with the ian . The religion centered on the cult of the god , depicted as the disc of the and originally an aspect of the tra ...
, possibly the earliest recorded monotheistic religion, this
deity A deity or god is a supernatural being considered divinity, divine or sacred. The ''Oxford Dictionary of English'' defines deity as a God (male deity), god or goddess (in a polytheistic religion), or anything revered as divine. C. Scott Littleto ...

deity
was called
Aten Aten also Aton, Atonu, or Itn ( egy, jtn, ''reconstructed'' ) was the focus of Atenism, the religious system established in ancient Egypt by the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Akhenaten. The Aten was the disc of the sun ...

Aten
and proclaimed to be the one "true" Supreme Being and creator of the universe. In the
Hebrew Bible The Hebrew Bible or Tanakh (; Hebrew: , or ), is the Biblical canon, canonical collection of Hebrew language, Hebrew scriptures, including the Torah, the Nevi'im, and the Ketuvim. These texts are almost exclusively in Biblical Hebrew, with a f ...

Hebrew Bible
, the titles of God include
Elohim In the Hebrew Bible The Hebrew Bible or Tanakh (; Hebrew: , or ), is the Biblical canon, canonical collection of Hebrew language, Hebrew scriptures, including the Torah. These texts are almost exclusively in Biblical Hebrew, with a few passa ...

Elohim
(God),
Adonai Rabbinic Judaism Rabbinic Judaism ( he, יהדות רבנית, Yahadut Rabanit), also called Rabbinism, Rabbinicism, or Judaism espoused by the Rabbanites, has been the mainstream form of Judaism since the 6th century Common era, CE, after the ...

Adonai
(Lord) and others, and the name
YHWH The Tetragrammaton (; ), or Tetragram, is the four-letter Hebrew language, Hebrew word (transliterated as YHWH), the name of the national god of Israel. The four letters, read from right to left, are ''yodh'', ''he (letter), he'', ''waw (let ...
(Modern and Ancient Hebrew or Paleo Script: 𐤉𐤄𐤅𐤄). The names
Yahweh Yahweh was the national god of ancient Kingdom of Israel (Samaria), Israel and Kingdom of Judah, Judah. His origins reach at least to the early Iron Age, and likely to the Late Bronze Age. In the oldest biblical literature, he is a Weather ...
and
Jehovah Jehovah () is a Latinization Latinisation or Latinization can refer to: * Latinisation of names Latinisation (or Latinization) of names, also known as onomastic Latinisation (or Latinization), is the practice of rendering a ''non''-Latin na ...
, possible vocalizations of YHWH, are used in
Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as the world of Abrahamism and Semitic religions, are a group of Semitic-originated religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of ...

Christianity
. In
Judaism Judaism is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic, monotheism, monotheistic, and ethnic religion comprising the collective religious, cultural, and legal tradition and civilization of the Jewish people. It has its roots as an organized religion ...
some of the Hebrew titles of God are considered holy names. In the Christian doctrine of the
Trinity The Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian ...

Trinity
, one God coexists in three "persons" called the
Father A father is the male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male cannot sexual reproduction, reproduce sex ...

Father
, the
Son A son is a male Male (symbol: ♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete (sex cell) known as sperm, which fuses with the larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male organism cannot sexual reproduction ...
, and the
Holy Spirit In Abrahamic religions, the Holy Spirit is an aspect or agent of God in Abrahamic religions, God, by means of which God communicates with people or acts on them. In Judaism, it refers to the divine force, quality, and influence of God over the ...
. In
Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", "ah gawd"; see interjection An interjection is a word or ex ...
, the title God ("
Allah Allah (; ar, الله, translit=Allāh, ) is the Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East ...

Allah
" in the
Arabic language Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a that first emerged in the 1st to 4th centuries CE.Semitic languages: an international handbook / edited by Stefan Weninger; in collaboration with Geoffrey Khan, Michael P. Streck, Janet C. E.Watson; Walter de G ...

Arabic language
) is often used as a name, while
Muslims Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God Oh God may refer to: * An exclamation; similar to "oh no", "oh yes", "oh my", "aw goodness", "ah gosh", ...
also use a multitude of other titles for God. In
Hinduism Hinduism () is an Indian religion Indian religions, sometimes also termed Dharmic religions or Indic religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent. These religions, which include Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, ...

Hinduism
,
Brahman In Hinduism, ''Brahman'' ( sa, ब्रह्म) connotes the highest universal principle, the ultimate reality ''Ultimate reality'' is "something that is the supreme, final, and fundamental power in all reality". Buddhism In Theravada ...

Brahman
is often considered a
monistic Monism attributes oneness or singleness (Greek: μόνος) to a concept e.g., existence. Various kinds of monism can be distinguished: * ''Priority monism'' states that all existing things go back to a source that is distinct from them; e.g ...
concept of God. In
Chinese religionChinese religion may refer to: *Religion in China (People's Republic of China) *Religion in Taiwan (Republic of China) *Chinese folk religion *East Asian religions See also * Shenism in Southeast Asia {{disambig