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Downtown Toronto is the main
central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "financial district". Geographically, it often coincides with ...
of
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...

Toronto
, Ontario, Canada. Located entirely within the district of
Old Toronto Old Toronto is an administrative district Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized g ...
, it is approximately 16.6 square kilometres in area, bounded by
Bloor Street Bloor Street is a major east–west residential and commercial thoroughfare in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it ...

Bloor Street
to the northeast and Dupont Street to the northwest,
Lake Ontario Lake Ontario (french: Lac Ontario) is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is surrounded on the north, west, and southwest by the Canadian province of Ontario, and on the south and east by the U.S. state of New York (state), New Yo ...

Lake Ontario
to the south, the Don Valley to the east, and Bathurst Street to the west. It is also the home of the
municipal government of Toronto The Corporation of the City of Toronto, or simply the City of Toronto, is the organization responsible for the administration of the municipal government of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Its powers and structure are set out in the ''City of Toronto Ac ...
and the
Government of Ontario The Government of Ontario (french: Gouvernement de l'Ontario), formally ''Her Majesty's Government of Ontario'', is the body responsible for the administration of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. A constitutio ...
. The area is made up of Canada's largest concentration of skyscrapers and businesses that form Toronto's skyline. Downtown Toronto has the third most skyscrapers in North America exceeding in height, behind
Manhattan, New York City Manhattan (), known regionally as ''The City'', is the most densely populated and geographically smallest of the five boroughs 5 is a number, numeral, and glyph. 5, five or number 5 may also refer to: * AD 5, the fifth year of the AD era * ...

Manhattan, New York City
and the
Chicago Loop The Loop, one of Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type ...
.


Neighbourhoods

The retail core of the downtown is located along
Yonge Street Yonge Street (; "young") is a major arterial route in the Canadian province of Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt ...

Yonge Street
from Queen Street to College Street. There is a large cluster of retail centres and shops in the area, including the
Toronto Eaton Centre The Toronto Eaton Centre (corporately styled as the CF Toronto Eaton Centre since September 2015, and commonly referred to simply as the Eaton Centre) is a shopping mall and office complex in the Downtown Toronto, downtown core of Toronto, Ontari ...

Toronto Eaton Centre
indoor mall. There are an estimated 600 retail stores, 150 bars and restaurants, and 7 hotels. In recent years the area has been experiencing a renaissance as the Business Improvement Area (BIA) has brought in new retail and improved the cleanliness. The area has also seen the opening of the
Dundas SquareDundas may refer to: Places Australia * Dundas, New South Wales Dundas is a suburb of Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug language, Dharug: ) is the List of Australian capital cities, capital city of the state of New South Wales, and the List of ...

Dundas Square
public square, a public space for holding performances and art displays. The area includes several live theatres, a movie complex at Dundas Square and the historic
Massey Hall Massey Hall is a performing arts theatre in the Garden District of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The theatre was designed to seat 3,500 patrons, but after extensive renovations in the 1940s it now seats up to 2,765. Massey Hall and the more ...

Massey Hall
. Historical sites and landmarks include the Arts & Letter Club, the Church of the Holy Trinity, Mackenzie House, Maple Leaf Gardens, Old City Hall, and the Toronto Police Museum and Discovery Centre. The
Financial District This is a list of financial districts in cities around the world. Background A financial district is usually a central area in a city where financial services firms such as banks, Insurance company, insurance companies and other related financ ...

Financial District
, centred on the intersection of
Bay Street Bay Street is a major thoroughfare in Downtown Toronto Downtown Toronto is the main central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. I ...

Bay Street
and King Street is the centre of Canada's financial industry. It contains the
Toronto Stock Exchange The Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX; french: Bourse de Toronto) is a stock exchange in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 201 ...

Toronto Stock Exchange
, which is the largest in Canada and tenth in the world by market capitalization as of 2021. The construction of skyscrapers in downtown Toronto had started to rapidly increase since the 1960s. The area of
St. Lawrence Saint Lawrence or Laurence ( la, Laurentius, lit. " laurelled"; 31 December AD 225 – 10 August 258) was one of the seven deacons of the city of Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder ...
to the east of the financial district is one of the oldest area of Toronto. It features heritage buildings, theatres, music, dining and many pubs. It is a community of distinct downtown neighbourhoods including the site of the original Town of York, which was Toronto's first neighbourhood, dating back to 1793. The area boasts one of the largest concentrations of 19th century buildings in Ontario. Of particular note are the St. Lawrence Hall, St. James' Cathedral,
St. Michael's Cathedral
St. Michael's Cathedral
,
St. Paul's Basilica
St. Paul's Basilica
, the Enoch Turner School House, the Bank of Upper Canada, Le Royal Meridien King Edward Hotel, and the
Gooderham Building The Gooderham Building, also known as the Flatiron Building, is an historic office building at 49 Wellington Street East in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a ...

Gooderham Building
. On Saturday there is a farmers market. Other historical districts in downtown Toronto include Cabbagetown,
Corktown
Corktown
, the
Distillery District The Distillery District is a commercial and residential district in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List ...

Distillery District
, and
Old Town File:Porvoon tuomiokirkko Näsinmäeltä.JPG, The Medieval, medieval timed old town of Porvoo in Finland, along the Porvoonjoki river in summer time. In a city or town, the old town is its historic or original core. Although the city is usually ...
. To the west of the financial district is the
Entertainment District An entertainment district is a type of arts district An arts district or cultural district is a demarcated urban area, usually on the periphery of a city centre A city centre is the commercial, cultural and often the historical, political, and ...
. It is home to hundreds of restaurants, nightclubs, sporting facilities, boutiques, hotels, attractions, and live theatre. The district was formerly an industrial area and was redeveloped for entertainment purposes in the early 1980s, becoming a major centre for entertainment. The redevelopment started with the Mirvish family refurbishing of the
Royal Alexandra Theatre The Royal Alexandra Theatre, commonly known as the Royal Alex, is a Theater (structure), theatre in Toronto, Ontario, located near King Street (Toronto), King and Simcoe Street. Built in 1907, the 1,244-seat Royal Alex is the oldest continuously ...
and their construction of the
Princess of Wales Theatre The Princess of Wales Theatre is a 2,000-seat live theatre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located on King Street West, in Toronto's Downtown Toronto, downtown Toronto Entertainment District, Entertainment District. The theatre's name has a tripl ...

Princess of Wales Theatre
. The area is now the site of
Roy Thomson Hall Roy Thomson Hall is a concert hall in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the 100 largest municipal ...

Roy Thomson Hall
and the
Canadian Broadcasting Centre The Canadian Broadcasting Centre, also known as the CBC Toronto Broadcast Centre, is an office and studio complex in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a record ...
. The Yorkville area, to the north, north of Bloor Street and the
Mink Mile Mink Mile is an upscale shopping district in the neighbourhood of Yorkville in Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in ...
, has more than 700 designer boutiques, spas, restaurants, hotels, and world class galleries. It is a former village in its own right (prior to 1883) and since the early 1970s has developed into an up-scale shopping district. The intersection of Bloor and Yonge Streets is the intersection of the city's subway lines and is one of the busiest intersections in the city. At the intersection of Avenue Road and Bloor Street is the
Royal Ontario Museum The Royal Ontario Museum (ROM; french: Musée royal de l'Ontario) is a museum of Art museum, art, Culture, world culture and natural history in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is one of the largest museums in North America and the largest in Canad ...

Royal Ontario Museum
, the largest museum of the city, with a diverse
anthropological Anthropology is the scientific study of human Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of primates, characterized by bipedality, opposable thumbs, hairlessness, and intelligence allowing the use of culture, l ...
and natural history collection. The
Harbourfront HarbourFront is a waterfront district situated in southern Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude ( ...
area to the south was formerly an industrial and railway lands area. Since the 1970s, it has seen extensive redevelopment, including the building of the
Rogers Centre Rogers Centre (originally SkyDome) is a multi-purpose retractable roof A retractable roof is a roof system designed to roll back the roof of a structure so that the interior of the facility is open to the outdoors. Retractable roofs are ...

Rogers Centre
stadium, numerous condominiums and the
Harbourfront Centre Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural organization on the waterfront of Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the ...
waterfront revitalization. The area to the east of Yonge Street is still in transition, with conversion of industrial lands to mixed residential and commercial uses planned. Among the important government headquarters in downtown Toronto include the
Ontario Legislature The Legislative Assembly of Ontario (french: Assemblée législative de l'Ontario) is the unicameral legislative chamber of the Canadian province of Ontario , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.s ...

Ontario Legislature
, and the
Toronto City Hall The Toronto City Hall, or New City Hall, is the seat of the municipal government A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative ...

Toronto City Hall
.


List of neighbourhoods


Architecture

In the 1970s, Toronto experienced major economic growth and surpassed
Montreal Montreal ( ; officially Montréal, ) is the second-most populous city in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of . Its extend from the to the and northward into the , covering , making it the world's . Its southern and w ...

Montreal
to become the largest city in Canada. Many international and domestic businesses relocated to Toronto and created massive new skyscrapers downtown. All of Canada's Big Five banks constructed skyscrapers beginning in the late 1960s up until the early 1990s. Today downtown Toronto contains dozens of notable skyscrapers. The area's
First Canadian Place First Canadian Place (originally First Bank Building) is a skyscraper in the Financial District of Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of ...

First Canadian Place
is the tallest building in Canada at height of 298 metres (978 feet). The
CN Tower The CN Tower (french: Tour CN) is a concrete Concrete is a composed of fine and coarse bonded together with a fluid (cement paste) that hardens (cures) over time. Concrete is the second-most-used substance in the world after wa ...

CN Tower
, once the tallest free-standing structure in the world, remains the tallest such structure in the Americas, standing at 553.33 metres (1,815 ft., 5 inches). Other notable buildings include
Scotia Plaza Scotia Plaza is a commercial office complex in the city of Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the ...

Scotia Plaza
, TD Centre,
Commerce Court Commerce Court is an office building complex on King and Bay Streets in the financial district of Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population o ...

Commerce Court
, the
Royal Bank Plaza Royal Bank Plaza is a skyscraper in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016, it is the List of the 100 largest municipalit ...
, The Bay's flagship store, and the Fairmont Royal York Hotel. Since 2007,
urban consolidation Urban consolidation describes the policy of constraining further development and population growth to within the boundaries of preexisting urban areas rather than urban expansion, expanding outward into suburban areas. Urban consolidation seeks to i ...
has been centred in downtown Toronto and as a result has been undergoing
Manhattanization The island of Manhattan in New York City, United States, from which the term is derived">New_York_City.html" ;"title="Manhattan in New York City">Manhattan in New York City, United States, from which the term is derived Manhattanization is a neolo ...

Manhattanization
with the construction of new office towers, hotels and condos.


Demographics

As of 2016, the population of Downtown Toronto was 237,698 people with 503,575 jobs located within the area. The population density was 143 people per hectare, and the job density was 303 jobs per hectare.


Landmarks


Education

Downtown Toronto is home to three
public universities A public university or public college is a university or college that is in state ownership or receives significant Government spending, public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a natio ...
,
OCAD University Ontario College of Art & Design University (french: Université de l'École d'art et de design de l'Ontario), commonly known as OCAD University ( ), is a public university A public university or public college is a university or college that ...
,
Ryerson University Ryerson University (colloquially referred to as Ryerson, RyeU or RU) is a public university, public research university located in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. The university's core campus is situated within the Garden District, Toronto, Garden Distri ...

Ryerson University
, and the
University of Toronto The University of Toronto (U of T or UToronto) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organ ...

University of Toronto
. OCAD University is Canada's largest and oldest post secondary institution for art and design. Ryerson University is a
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in v ...
, whose campus is located near downtown Yonge Street. The University of Toronto is a collegiate research university, whose St. George campus is situated downtown. Established in 1827, the University of Toronto is the oldest university in the province of Ontario. In addition, downtown Toronto also hosts one
college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in rel ...
,
George Brown College George Brown College of Applied Arts and Technology is a public, fully accredited college A college (Latin: ''collegium'') is an educational institution or a University system, constituent part of one. A college may be a academic degree, degr ...
. Four different
public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth Engli ...
school boards A board of education, school committee or school board is the board of directors A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth Englis ...
provide
primary Primary or primaries may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Music Groups and labels * Primary (band), from Australia * Primary (musician), hip hop musician and record producer from South Korea * Primary Music, Israeli record label Works * ...
and
secondary education Secondary education covers two phases on the International Standard Classification of Education The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) is a statistical framework for organizing information on education Education i ...
for the City of Toronto, as well as the downtown area. Two Toronto-based school boards provide instruction in the
English language English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family The Indo-European languages are a language family A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech ( spoken language), g ...

English language
, the
secular Secularity, also the secular or secularness (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through t ...
Toronto District School Board The Toronto District School Board (TDSB), formerly known as English-language Public District School Board No. 12 prior to 1999, is the -language school board for , , Canada. The minority public-secular francophone (), anglophone (), and public ...
, and the separate
Toronto Catholic District School Board The Toronto Catholic District School Board (TCDSB, known as English-language Separate District School Board No. 40 prior to 1999) is an Canadian English, English-language Separate school, public-separate school board for Toronto, Ontario, Canad ...
. The other two Toronto-based school boards, the secular
Conseil scolaire Viamonde The Conseil scolaire Viamonde (CSV) is a public- secular French first language A first language, native tongue, native language, or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1), is a language that a person has been expos ...
, and the separate
Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir Conseil scolaire catholique MonAvenir ( en, My Future Catholic School Board) is a Roman Catholic Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman peo ...
provide instruction in the
French language French ( or ) is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin Vulgar Latin, also known as Popular or Colloquial Latin is a range of inf ...

French language
.
The Royal Conservatory of Music The Royal Conservatory of Music, branded as The Royal Conservatory, is a non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and o ...

The Royal Conservatory of Music
is a
non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in contrast with an entity that o ...
music education institution that is headquartered in downtown Toronto.


Retail

Downtown Toronto is home to the flagship department stores of The Bay, Saks Fifth Avenue and
Nordstrom Nordstrom, Inc. () is an American luxury Luxury may refer to: *Luxury goods In economics, a luxury good (or upmarket good) is a good (economics), good for which demand (economics), demand increases more than what is proportional as income ...

Nordstrom
(formerly
Sears Canada Sears Canada Inc. was a publicly-traded Canadian company affiliated with the American-based Sears Sears, Roebuck and Co., commonly known as Sears, is an American chain of department stores founded by Richard Warren Sears and Alvah Curti ...
). The
CF Toronto Eaton Centre
CF Toronto Eaton Centre
, a large, multilevel enclosed shopping mall and office complex that spans several blocks and houses 330 stores, is the city's top tourist attraction with over one million visitors weekly.


Transportation

Yonge Street Yonge Street (; "young") is a major arterial route in the Canadian province of Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map_alt ...

Yonge Street
, a major arterial route in the city, begins at the northern shore of the
Toronto Harbour Toronto Harbour or Toronto Bay is a bay on the north shore of Lake Ontario Lake Ontario is one of the five Great Lakes File:Location of the Great Lakes in North America.jpg, upright=1.3, Location in North America The Great Lakes, al ...
and runs through downtown, continuing north all the way to the city of
Barrie, Ontario Barrie is a city and manifesting regional centre in Central Ontario, Canada, located on the shores of Kempenfelt Bay, the western arm of Lake Simcoe. The city is located geographically within Simcoe County, however it is a Independent city, poli ...
. Other notable streets include
DundasDundas may refer to: Places Australia * Dundas, New South Wales * Dundas, Queensland, a locality in the Somerset Region * Dundas, Tasmania * Dundas, Western Australia * Fort Dundas, a settlement in the Northern Territory 1824–1828 * Shire of D ...
,
Bloor
Bloor
,
Queen Queen may refer to: Monarchy * Queen regnant, a female monarch of a Kingdom ** List of queens regnant * Queen consort, the wife of a reigning king * Queen dowager, the widow of a king * Queen mother, a queen dowager who is the mother of a reigni ...

Queen
,
King King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant, queen, which title is also given to the queen consort, consort of a king. *In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contempora ...
, and
University A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several Discipline (academia), academic disciplines. Universities typ ...
. The
Toronto Transit Commission The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is the public transport Shanghai Metro is the second largest rapid transit system in the world by route length, after the Beijing Subway. Public transport (also known as public transportation, public ...
administers the Toronto area's public transportation system, including
buses A bus (contracted from omnibus, with variants multibus, motorbus, autobus, etc.) is a road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and control movement t ...
,
streetcar A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track on public urban streets; some include segments of segregated Right-of-way (transportation), right-of-way. The lines or networks operated b ...
, and subways. The regional public transportation service,
GO Transit GO Transit is a regional public transit system Shanghai Metro is the second largest rapid transit system in the world by route length, after the Beijing Subway. Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, ...
, also provides
bus A bus (contracted from omnibus, with variants multibus, motorbus, autobus, etc.) is a road vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is a man-made device that uses power to apply forces and control movement t ...
and commuter train service to downtown Toronto from its hub,
Union Station A union station (also known as a union terminal and, in Europe, a joint station) is a railway station Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, whi ...
. Union Station is the city's major intermodal transportation hub, providing access not only to local and regional
public transit Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport Transport (in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (a ...
, but also to
inter-city rail Inter-city rail services are express passenger train services that cover longer distances than commuter or regional In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), human impact char ...
services like
Via Rail Via Rail Canada Inc. (), operating as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym used by companies that do not operate under their registered company name. The term for this type of alternative name is a "fictitious" business ...

Via Rail
. In addition to surface-level pedestrian sidewalks, much of downtown Toronto is also connected through the PATH Underground, an extensive network of underground pedestrian tunnels,
skyway A skyway, skybridge, or skywalk is an elevated type of pedway connecting two or more buildings in an urban area, or connecting elevated points within mountainous recreational zones. Urban skyways very often take the form of Covered bridge, enclo ...

skyway
s, and at-grade walkways. Nearby airports include
Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport is a regional airport located on the Toronto Islands in Toronto Toronto is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731 ...

Billy Bishop Toronto City Airport
, which is adjacent to the downtown area, and the much larger
Toronto Pearson International Airport Lester B. Pearson International Airport , branded as Toronto Pearson International Airport (simply known as Toronto Pearson, Pearson Airport or Pearson), is the main international airport An international airport is an airport An ...
located 27 km to the northwest.


See also

* List of central business districts


Notes


References

{{authority control Neighbourhoods in Toronto
Toronto Toronto (, ) is the capital city of the Provinces and territories of Canada, Canadian province of Ontario. With a recorded population of 2,731,571 in 2016 in 2016, it is the List of the largest municipalities in Canada by population, most p ...
Economy of Toronto