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The Department for Education (DFE) is the UK government department responsible for
child protection Child protection is the safeguarding of children from violence, exploitation, abuse, and neglect. Article 19 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child provides for the protection of children in and out of the home. One of the ways to e ...
,
education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion ...
(compulsory, further and higher education), apprenticeships and wider skills in
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
. A Department for Education previously existed between 1992, when the
Department of Education and Science An education ministry is a national or subnational government agency politically responsible for education. Various other names are commonly used to identify such agencies, such as Ministry of Education, Department of Education, and Ministry of Publ ...
was renamed, and 1995 when it was merged with the
Department for Employment , type = Department , seal = , logo = Department for Work and Pensions logo.svg , logo_width = 166px , formed = , preceding1 = , jurisdiction = United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known ...

Department for Employment
to become the
Department for Education and Employment The Department for Education and Skills (DfES) was a United Kingdom government department between 2001 and 2007, responsible for the Education in England, education system (including higher education and adult learning) as well as children's ser ...
. The current
Secretary of State for Education The Secretary of State for Education, also referred to as the Education Secretary, is a secretary of state position within the Government of the United Kingdom The Government of the United Kingdom, domestically referred to as Her Maje ...
is Rt Hon.
Nadhim Zahawi Nadhim Zahawi (Arabic: ناظم الزهاوي; born 2 June 1967) is an Iraqi-born British politician who has served as Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Business and Industry sin ...
MP.
Susan Acland-Hood Susan Acland-Hood is a British civil servant who is currently is the Permanent Secretary at the Department for Education. Prior to taking on the role as Permanent Secretary, she was Chief Executive of HM Courts and Tribunals Service. From 2015 to ...
is serving as the current
Permanent Secretary
Permanent Secretary
. The expenditure, administration and policy of the Department for Education are scrutinised by the
Education Select Committee The Education Select Committee is a select committee of the House of Commons in the Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the Parliamentary sovereignty in the United Kingdom, supreme Legislature, legislative ...
.


History

The DfE was formed on 12 May 2010 by the incoming Cameron ministry, taking on the responsibilities and resources of the
Department for Children, Schools and Families Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) was a department of the UK government, between 2007 and 2010, responsible for issues affecting people in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of th ...
(DCSF). In June 2012 the Department for Education committed a breach of the UK's Data Protection Act due to a security flaw on its website which made email addresses, passwords and comments of people responding to consultation documents available for download. In July 2016, the Department took over responsibilities for higher and further education and for apprenticeship from the dissolved
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills , type = Department , logo = Department for Business, Innovation and Skills logo.svg , logo_width = 200px , logo_caption = , picture = File:Лондан. 2014. Жнівень 26.JPG , seal = , se ...
.Matt Foster
New Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy swallows up DECC and BIS – full details and reaction
''Civil Service World'' (14 July 2016).


Predecessor bodies

* Committee of the
Privy Council A privy council is a body that advises the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may refer to: ...
on Education, 1839–1899 * Education Department, 1856–1899 * Board of Education, 1899–1944 *
Ministry of Education An education ministry is a national or subnational government agency politically responsible for education. Various other names are commonly used to identify such agencies, such as Ministry of Education, Department of Education, and Ministry of Publ ...
, 1944–1964 * Department of Education and Science, 1964–1992 * Department for Education, 1992–1995 * Department for Education and Employment (DfEE), 1995–2001 * Department for Education and Skills (DfES), 2001–2007 *
Department for Children, Schools and Families Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF) was a department of the UK government, between 2007 and 2010, responsible for issues affecting people in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of th ...
(DCSF), 2007–2010


Responsibilities

The department is led by the
Secretary of State for Education The Secretary of State for Education, also referred to as the Education Secretary, is a secretary of state position within the Government of the United Kingdom The Government of the United Kingdom, domestically referred to as Her Maje ...
. The
Permanent Secretary
Permanent Secretary
from December 2020 is Susan Acland-Hood. DfE is responsible for education, children's services, higher and further education policy, apprenticeships, and wider skills in England, and equalities. The predecessor department employed the equivalent of 2,695 staff as of April 2008 and as at June 2016, DfE had reduced its workforce to the equivalent of 2,301 staff. In 2015–16, the DfE has a budget of £58.2bn, which includes £53.6bn resource spending and £4.6bn of capital investments.


Ministers

The Department for Education's ministers are as follows:


Board

The management board is made up of: *
Permanent Secretary
Permanent Secretary
Susan Acland-Hood Susan Acland-Hood is a British civil servant who is currently is the Permanent Secretary at the Department for Education. Prior to taking on the role as Permanent Secretary, she was Chief Executive of HM Courts and Tribunals Service. From 2015 to ...
* Director-General, Social Care, Mobility and Disadvantage – Indra Morris * Director-General, Higher and Further Education Group – Paul Kett * Director-General, Early Years and Schools – Andrew McCully * Chief Financial and Operating Officer, Operations Group – Mike Green * Chief Executive, Education & Skills Funding Agency – Eileen Milner Non-executive board members: * Marion Plant OBE; CEO of the Midland Academies Trust and Principal *
Baroness Ruby McGregor-Smith CBE Baron is a rank of nobility or title of honour, often hereditary, in various European countries, either current or historical. The female equivalent is baroness. Typically, the title denotes an aristocrat who ranks higher than a lord or knight ...
; Former Chief Executive of Mitie Group * Ian Ferguson CBE; businessman


Locations

, the DfE has five main sites: * Sanctuary Buildings, Great Smith Street, London * Piccadilly Gate, Manchester * 2 St Paul's Place, Sheffield * Bishopsgate House, Darlington * Cheylesmore House, Coventry


Agencies and public bodies


Agencies


Education and Skills Funding Agency

The
Education and Skills Funding Agency The Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA) is an executive agency An executive agency is a part of a government department that is treated as managerially and budgetarily separate, to carry out some part of the executive functions of the Uni ...
(ESFA) was formed on 1 April 2017 following the merger of the Education Funding Agency and the Skills Funding Agency. Previously the Education Funding Agency (EFA) was responsible for distributing funding for state education in England for 3- to 19-year-olds, as well as managing the estates of
schools A school is an educational institution An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary schools, secondary-high schools, and universities. They provi ...

schools
, and
colleges A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in rel ...

colleges
and the
Skills Funding Agency The Skills Funding Agency was one of two successor organisations that emerged from the closure in 2010 of the Learning and Skills Council The Learning and Skills Council (LSC) was a non-departmental public bodyIn the United Kingdom, non-de ...

Skills Funding Agency
was responsible for funding skills training for further education in England and running the
National Apprenticeship Service The National Apprenticeship Service (NAS), part of the Education and Skills Funding Agency, is a government agency that coordinates apprenticeships in England, enabling young people to enter the Tradesman, skilled trades. History At the beginnin ...
and the
National Careers Service The National Careers Service is the publicly funded careers service for adults and young people (aged 13 or over) in England. Launched in April 2012, it brings together elements of previous publicly funded careers services for adults and young peop ...
. The EFA was formed on 1 April 2012 by bringing together the functions of two
non-departmental public bodiesIn the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied by the Cabinet Office, HM Treasury, Treasury, the Scottish Government and the Northern Ireland Executive to public sector organisations that have a role in the pro ...
, the Young People's Learning Agency and Partnerships for Schools. The SFA was formed on 1 April 2010, following the closure of the Learning and Skills Council. Eileen Milner is the agency's Chief Executive.


Teaching Regulation Agency

The Teaching Regulation Agency (TRA) is responsible for regulation of the teaching profession, including misconduct hearings. Its predecessors include the
National College for Teaching and Leadership The National College for Teaching and Leadership (NCTL) (inheritor of the site and functions of the National College for School Leadership (NCSL)) was an executive agency An executive agency is a part of a government department that is treat ...
(to 2018), the Teaching Agency (to 2013) and the
Training and Development Agency for Schools The Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) was a body responsible for the initial and in-service training of teachers and other school staff in England. It was an executive non-departmental public body of the Department for Education. The ...
(from 1994).


Standards and Testing Agency

The Standards and Testing Agency (STA) is responsible for developing and delivering all statutory assessments for school pupils in
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
. It was formed on 1 October 2011 and took over the functions of the
Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency The Qualifications and Curriculum Development Agency (QCDA) was a charity, and an executive non-departmental public bodyIn the United Kingdom, non-departmental public body (NDPB) is a classification applied by the Cabinet Office, HM Treasury, T ...
. The STA is regulated by the examinations regulator,
Ofqual The Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation (Ofqual) is a non-ministerial government department Non-ministerial government departments (NMGDs) are a type of Departments of the Government of the United Kingdom, department of the Go ...
.


Public bodies

The DfE is also supported by 10 public bodies:


Devolution

Education, youth and children's policy is devolved elsewhere in the
UK
UK
. The department's main devolved counterparts are as follows:
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...

Scotland
*
Scottish Government The Scottish Government ( gd, Riaghaltas na h-Alba, ) is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved government of Scotland. It was formed in 1999 as the Scottish Executive following the 1997 Scottish devolution referendum, 1997 referendum on S ...
Learning and Justice Directorates The Scottish Government Education, Communities and Justice Directorates are a group of civil service The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than ...
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
*
Department of Education An education ministry is a national or subnational government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversigh ...
* Executive Office (children and young people)
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...

Wales
*
Welsh Government The Welsh Government ( cy, Llywodraeth Cymru) is the Devolution in the United Kingdom, devolved government of Wales. The government consists of ministers, who attend cabinet meetings, and Minister (government), deputy ministers who do not, and als ...
Department for Education and Skills


National Curriculum 2014

The Department for Education released a new
National CurriculumA national curriculum is a common programme of study in school A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Mo ...
for schools in England for September 2014, which included 'Computing'. Following
Michael Gove Michael Andrew Gove (; born Graeme Andrew Logan; 26 August 1967) is a British politician, journalist and author serving as Secretary of State for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities and Minister for Intergovernmental Relations since 2021. He ...

Michael Gove
's speech in 2012, the subject of Information Communication Technology (ICT) has been disapplied and replaced by Computing. With the new curriculum, materials have been written by commercial companies, to support non-specialist teachers, for example, ' 100 Computing Lessons' by Scholastic. The Computing at Schools organisation has created a 'Network of Teaching Excellence'to support schools with the new curriculum.


Post-16 area reviews

In 2015, the Department announced a major restructuring of the
further education Further education (often abbreviated FE) in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a s ...
sector, through 37 area reviews of
post-16
post-16
provision. The proposals were criticised by NUS Vice President for Further Education Shakira Martin for not sufficiently taking into account the impact on learners; the Sixth Form Colleges' Association similarly criticised the reviews for not directly including providers of post-16 education other than colleges, such as school and academy sixth forms and independent training providers.


Funding and grants

In 2018, The Department for Education confirmed their commitment to forming positive relationships with the voluntary and community sector. In 2020 the department began funding the National Tutoring Programme which employed private companies to deliver the tuition including at least one which uses children as tutors, paying them £1.57 per hour. Tutors received up to £25 of the between £72 and £84 per hour the government paid the companies.


References


Further reading

*


External links

*
Official department YouTube channel

Official Flickr presence


See also

*
Education in England Education in England is overseen by the United Kingdom's Department for Education. Local government in England, Local government authorities are responsible for implementing policy for public education and State-funded schools (England), state- ...
{{DEFAULTSORT:Department For Education Education in England Education, England Education ministries Education policy in the United Kingdom Governance of England Public education in the United Kingdom Government agencies established in 2010 2010 establishments in England 2010 establishments in the United Kingdom