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''Daredevil'' is the name of several
comic book A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists of comics a Media (communication), medium used to express ideas with images, often combined with t ...
titles featuring the character
Daredevil Daredevil may refer to: * A stunt performer Arts and media Comics * Daredevil (Lev Gleason Publications) Daredevil is a fictional superhero A superhero or superheroine is a stock character that possesses abilities beyond those of ordin ...
and published by
Marvel Comics Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company The Walt D ...
, beginning with the original ''Daredevil'' comic book series which debuted in 1964. While ''Daredevil'' had been home to the work of comic-book artists such as Everett, Kirby,
Wally Wood Wallace Allan Wood (June 17, 1927 – November 2, 1981) was an American comic book writer, artist and independent publisher, widely known for his work on EC Comics Entertaining Comics, more commonly known as EC Comics, was an American publishe ...
,
John Romita Sr. John V. Romita (; born January 24, 1930) is an American artist best known for his work on ' ' and for co-creating characters including the and . He was inducted into the in 2002. Romita is the father of , also a comic book artist and husband o ...
,
Gene Colan Eugene Jules Colan (; September 1, 1926 – June 23, 2011)Eugene Colan
at the
, and
Joe Quesada Joseph Quesada (; born January 12, 1962''Comics Buyer's Guide ''Comics Buyer's Guide'' (''CBG''; ), established in 1971, was the longest-running English-language periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply ...

Joe Quesada
, among others,
Frank Miller Frank Miller (born January 27, 1957) is an American comic book writer, penciller and inker, novelist, screenwriter, film director, and producer best known for his comic book stories and graphic novel A graphic novel is a book made up of comi ...
's influential tenure on the title in the early 1980s cemented the character as a popular and influential part of the
Marvel Universe The Marvel Universe is a fictional shared universe A shared universe or shared world is a fictional universe from a set of creative works where more than one writer (or other artist) independently contributes a work that can stand alone but ...
.


Publication history


1960s

Daredevil Daredevil may refer to: * A stunt performer Arts and media Comics * Daredevil (Lev Gleason Publications) Daredevil is a fictional superhero A superhero or superheroine is a stock character that possesses abilities beyond those of ordin ...
debuted in
Marvel Comics Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company The Walt D ...
' ''Daredevil'' #1 (
cover date The cover date of a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial Serial may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media The presentation of works in sequential ...
April 1964), created by writer-editor
Stan Lee Stan Lee (born Stanley Martin Lieber ; December 28, 1922 – November 12, 2018) was an American comic book A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication ...

Stan Lee
and artist
Bill Everett William Blake Everett (; May 18, 1917 – February 27, 1973) was an American comic book writer-artist best known for creating Namor the Sub-Mariner Namor the Sub-Mariner () (Namor McKenzie) is a character (arts), fictional character appearing ...
, with character design input from
Jack Kirby Jack Kirby (born Jacob Kurtzberg; August 28, 1917 – February 6, 1994) was an American comic book artist A cartoonist (also comic strip creator, comic book artist, graphic novel artist, or comic book illustrator) is a visual artist An a ...
, who devised Daredevil's billy club. When Everett turned in his first-issue pencils extremely late, Marvel production manager
Sol Brodsky Soloman Brodsky (April 22, 1923 – June 4, 1984) was an People of the United States, American comic book artist who, as Marvel Comics' Silver Age of comic books, Silver Age Unit production manager, production manager, was one of the key architec ...
and
Spider-Man Spider-Man is a superhero A superhero or superheroine is a that possesses , abilities beyond those of ordinary people, and fits the role of the , typically using his or her powers to help the , or dedicating themselves to and fightin ...

Spider-Man
co-creator
Steve Ditko Stephen J. Ditko Page contains two reproductions from school yearbooks. A 1943 Garfield Junior High School yearbook excerpt lists "Stephen Ditko". A 1945 Johnstown High School yearbook excerpt lists "Stephen J. Ditko" under extracurricular activi ...
inked a large variety of different backgrounds, a "lot of backgrounds and secondary figures on the fly and cobbled the cover and the splash page together from Kirby's original concept drawing".
Wally Wood Wallace Allan Wood (June 17, 1927 – November 2, 1981) was an American comic book writer, artist and independent publisher, widely known for his work on EC Comics Entertaining Comics, more commonly known as EC Comics, was an American publishe ...
, known for his 1950s
EC Comics Entertaining Comics, more commonly known as EC Comics, was an American publisher Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the ...
stories, penciled and inked issues #5–10, introducing Daredevil's modern red costume in issue #7. Issue #7, featuring Daredevil's battle against the Sub-Mariner, has become one of the most iconic and reprinted stories of the series. Issue #12 began a brief run by Jack Kirby (layouts) and
John Romita Sr. John V. Romita (; born January 24, 1930) is an American artist best known for his work on ' ' and for co-creating characters including the and . He was inducted into the in 2002. Romita is the father of , also a comic book artist and husband o ...
The issue marked Romita's return to superhero penciling after a decade of working exclusively as a
romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or romantic love is a feeling Feeling was originally used to describe the physical sensation of touch through e ...
-comic artist for DC. Romita had felt he no longer wanted to pencil, in favor of being solely an inker. He recalled in 1999, Romita later elaborated: When Romita left to take over ''
The Amazing Spider-Man ''The Amazing Spider-Man'' is an American comic book series published by Marvel Comics, featuring the fictional superhero Spider-Man as its main protagonist. Being in the Earth 616, mainstream continuity of the franchise, it began publication ...

The Amazing Spider-Man
'', Lee gave ''Daredevil'' to what would be the character's first signature artist,
Gene Colan Eugene Jules Colan (; September 1, 1926 – June 23, 2011)Eugene Colan
at the
, who began with issue #20 (September 1966). Though #20 identifies Colan as a fill-in penciller, Romita's work load prevented him from returning to the title, and Colan ended up penciling all but three issues through #100 (June 1973), plus the 1967 annual, followed by ten issues sprinkled from 1974 to 1979. He would return again for an eight-issue run in 1997. Lee never gave Colan a full script for an issue of Daredevil; instead, he would tell him the plot, and Colan would tape record the conversation to refer to while drawing the issue, leaving Lee to add the script in afterwards. Though Colan is consistently credited as penciler only, Lee would typically give him the freedom to fill in details of the plot as he saw fit. Lee explained "If I would tell Gene who the villain was and what the problem was, how the problem should be resolved and where it would take place, Gene could fill in all the details. Which made it very interesting for me to write because when I got the artwork back and had to put in the copy, I was seeing things that I'd not expected." The 31-issue Lee/Colan run on the series included ''Daredevil'' #47, in which Murdock defends a blind
Vietnam veteran A Vietnam veteran is someone who served in the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between ...
against a
frameup __NOTOC__ In the United States criminal law Responsibility for criminal law and criminal justice in the United States is shared between the State governments of the United States, states and the Federal government of the United States, federal ...
; Lee has cited it as the story he is most proud of out of his entire career. With issue #51, Lee turned the writing chores over to
Roy Thomas Roy William Thomas Jr."Roy Thomas Checklist" ''Alter Ego'' vol. 3, #50 (July 2005) p. 16 (born November 22, 1940) is an American comic book writer and editor, who was Stan Lee Stan Lee (born Stanley Martin Lieber ; December 28, 1922  ...
(who succeeded him on a number of Marvel's titles), but would remain on board as editor for another 40 issues.


1970s

18-year-old
Gerry Conway Gerard Francis ConwayThomas, Roy Roy William Thomas Jr."Roy Thomas Checklist" ''Alter Ego'' vol. 3, #50 (July 2005) p. 16 (born November 22, 1940) is an American comic book writer and editor, who was Stan Lee's first successor as editor-in-ch ...

Gerry Conway
took over as writer with issue #72, and turned the series in a pulp science fiction direction. He also moved Daredevil to
San Francisco San Francisco (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (dis ...

San Francisco
beginning with ''Daredevil'' #86, and simultaneously brought on the Black Widow as co-star. Conway explained, Concerning the Black Widow, he said, "I was a fan of Natasha omanoff, the Black Widow and thought she and Daredevil would have interesting chemistry." She served as Daredevil's co-star and love interest from #81–124 (November 1971–August 1975), of which #93-108 were cover titled ''Daredevil and the Black Widow''. The series had been suffering from slowly declining popularity, and in November 1971 Marvel announced that ''Daredevil'' and ''
Iron Man Iron Man is a superhero A superhero or superheroine is a stock character that possesses Superpower (ability), ''superpowers'', abilities beyond those of ordinary people, and fits the role of the hero, typically using his or her powers to ...
'' would be combined into a single series, but the addition of the Black Widow revitalized interest in the comic. Due to the
Comics Code Authority The Comics Code Authority (CCA) was formed in 1954 by the Comics Magazine Association of America The Association of Comics Magazine Publishers (ACMP) was an American industry trade group A trade association, also known as an industry trade gro ...
's restrictions on the depiction of
cohabitation Cohabitation is an arrangement where two people are not married but live together. They are often involved in a Romance (love), romantic or Human sexuality, sexually intimate relationship on a long-term or permanent basis. Such arrangements h ...
, the stories made explicit that though Daredevil and the Black Widow were living in the same apartment, they were sleeping on separate floors, and that Natasha's guardian Ivan Petrovich was always close at hand.
Steve Gerber Stephen Ross Gerber (; September 20, 1947 – February 10, 2008) was an American comic book writer best known for co-creating the satiric Marvel Comics Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly ...
came on board with issue #97, initially scripting over Conway's plots, but Gene Colan's long stint as Daredevil's penciler had come to an end. Gerber recollected, "Gene and I did a few issues together, but Gene was basically trying to move on at that point. He'd just started the ''Dracula'' book, and he'd been doing ''Daredevil'' for God knows how many years. I think he wanted to do something else." After six issues with fill-in pencilers, including several with
Don Heck Donald L. HeckDonald L. Heck
at the Social Security Death Index. Retrieved on Septembe ...
,
Bob Brown Robert James Brown (born 27 December 1944) is a former Australian politician, medical doctor and environmentalist. He was a senator and the parliamentary leader of the Australian Greens. Brown was elected to the Australian Senate on the Tas ...
took over as penciller.
Tony Isabella Tony Isabella (born December 22, 1951) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly ...
succeeded Gerber as writer, but editor
Len Wein Leonard Norman Wein (; June 12, 1948 – September 10, 2017) was an American comic book writer and editor best known for co-creating DC Comics' Swamp Thing and Marvel Comics' Wolverine (character), Wolverine, and for helping revive the Marvel sup ...
disapproved of his take on the series and sent him off after only five issues, planning to write it himself. Instead, he ended up handing both writing and editing jobs to his friend
Marv Wolfman Marvin Arthur Wolfman (born May 13, 1946) is an American comic book and novelization A novelization (or novelisation) is a derivative In mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quanti ...

Marv Wolfman
with issue #124, which introduced inker
Klaus Janson Klaus Janson (born January 23, 1952) is a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nat ...
to the title. It also wrote the Black Widow out of the series and returned Daredevil to Hell's Kitchen; the post-Conway writers had all felt that Daredevil worked better as a solo hero, and had been working to gradually remove the Widow from the series. Wolfman's 20-issue run included the introduction of one of Daredevil's most popular villains, Bullseye. He was dissatisfied with his work and quit, later explaining, "I felt DD needed something more than I was giving him. I was never very happy with my DD—I never found the thing that made him mine the way Frank Miller did a year or two later. So I was trying to find things to do that interested me and therefore, I hoped, the readers. Ultimately, I couldn't find anything that made DD unique to me and asked off the title." His departure coincided with Brown's death from
leukemia Leukemia ( also spelled leukaemia and pronounced ), is a group of blood cancer Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English ...

leukemia
. With issue #144,
Jim Shooter James Shooter (born September 27, 1951) is an American writer, editor and publisher for various comic books. He started professionally in the medium at the age of 14, and he is most notable for his successful and controversial run as Marvel Comic ...
became the writer and was joined by a series of short-term pencilers, including
Gil Kane Gil Kane (; born Eli Katz ; April 6, 1926 – January 31, 2000) was a Latvian-born United States, American comics artist whose career spanned the 1940s to the 1990s and virtually every major comics company and character. Kane co-created the mo ...

Gil Kane
, who had been penciling most of Daredevil's covers since #80 but had never before worked on the comic's interior. The series's once solid sales began dropping during this period, and was downgraded to bi-monthly status with issue #147. Shooter still had difficulty keeping up with the schedule, and the writing chores were shortly turned over to Roger McKenzie. McKenzie's work on Daredevil reflected his background in horror comics, and the stories and even the character himself took on a much darker tone. McKenzie created chain-smoking ''
Daily Bugle The ''Daily Bugle'' (at one time ''The DB'') is a fictional New York City Tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid newspaper appearing as a plot element in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The ''Daily Bugle'' is a regular fixture in ...
'' reporter
Ben Urich Benjamin Urich is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character usually appears in comic books featuring Daredevil (Marvel Comics character), Daredevil and Spider-Man. Urich is a chain-smoking, t ...
, who deduces Daredevil's secret identity over the course of issues #153–163. Halfway through his run, McKenzie was joined by penciler
Frank Miller Frank Miller (born January 27, 1957) is an American comic book writer, penciller and inker, novelist, screenwriter, film director, and producer best known for his comic book stories and graphic novel A graphic novel is a book made up of comi ...
, who had previously drawn Daredevil in ''
The Spectacular Spider-Man ''The Spectacular Spider-Man'' is a comic book A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists of comics a Media (communication), medium use ...
'' #27 (February 1979), with issue #158 (May 1979).


1980s

Sales had been declining since the end of the Wolfman/Brown run, and by the time Miller became Daredevil's penciler, the series was in danger of cancellation. Moreover, Miller disliked Roger McKenzie's scripts, and Jim Shooter (who had since become Marvel's editor-in-chief) had to talk him out of quitting. Seeking to appease Miller, and impressed by a short backup feature he had written, new editor
Denny O'Neil Dennis Joseph O'Neil (May 3, 1939 – June 11, 2020) was an American comic book writer and editor, principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics from the 1960s through the 1990s, and Group Editor for the Batman family of titles until his re ...
fired McKenzie so that Miller could write the series. The last issue of McKenzie's run plugs a two-part story which was pulled from publication, as its mature content encountered resistance from the
Comics Code Authority The Comics Code Authority (CCA) was formed in 1954 by the Comics Magazine Association of America The Association of Comics Magazine Publishers (ACMP) was an American industry trade group A trade association, also known as an industry trade gro ...
, though part one eventually saw print in ''Daredevil'' #183, by which time Code standards had relaxed. Miller continued the title in a similar vein to McKenzie. Resuming the drastic metamorphosis the previous writer had begun, Miller took the step of essentially ignoring all of Daredevil's continuity prior to his run on the series; on the occasions where older villains and supporting cast were used, their characterizations and history with Daredevil were reworked or overwritten.
Spider-Man Spider-Man is a superhero A superhero or superheroine is a that possesses , abilities beyond those of ordinary people, and fits the role of the , typically using his or her powers to help the , or dedicating themselves to and fightin ...

Spider-Man
villain Kingpin was introduced as Daredevil's new nemesis, displacing most of his large rogues gallery. Daredevil himself was gradually developed into an
antihero An antihero (sometimes spelled as anti-hero) or antiheroine is a main character Image:Hamlet William Morris Hunt.jpeg, 200px, William Shakespeare, Shakespeare's ''Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.'' William Morris Hunt, oil on canvas, c. 1864 A prot ...
. Comics historian
Les Daniels Leslie Noel Daniels III, known as Les Daniels (October 27, 1943 – November 5, 2011) was an American writer. Background Daniels attended Brown University Brown University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private ...
noted that "Almost immediately,
iller The (ancient name Ilargus) is a river of Bavaria Bavaria (; German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of German ...
began to attract attention with his terse tales of urban crime." Miller's revamping of the title was controversial among fans, but it clicked with new readers, and sales began soaring, the comic returning to monthly status just three issues after Miller came on as writer. Miller introduced previously unseen characters who had played a major part in his youth, such as Elektra, an ex-girlfriend turned lethal ninja assassin. Elektra was killed fighting Bullseye in issue #181 (April 1982), an issue which saw brisk sales. With #185, inker Janson began doing the pencils over Miller's layouts, and after #191 Miller left the series entirely. O'Neil switched from editor to writer. O'Neil was not enthusiastic about the switch, later saying "I took the gig mostly because there didn't seem to be (m)any other viable candidates for it." He continued McKenzie and Miller's noir take on the series, but backed away from the antihero depiction of the character. Janson left shortly after Miller, replaced initially by penciler William Johnson and inker Danny Bulanadi, who were both supplanted by
David Mazzucchelli David John Mazzucchelli (; born September 21, 1960) is an American comics artist and writer, known for his work on seminal superhero comic book storylines ''Daredevil: Born Again'' and ''Batman: Year One'', as well as for graphic novels in other g ...
. Miller returned as the title's regular writer, co-writing #226 with O'Neil. Miller and Mazzucchelli crafted the acclaimed " Daredevil: Born Again" storyline in #227–233. Miller intended to produce an additional two-part story with artist
Walt Simonson Walter Simonson (born September 2, 1946) is an American comic book writer and artist, best known for a run on Marvel Comics' ''Thor (Marvel Comics), Thor'' from 1983 to 1987, during which he created the character Beta Ray Bill. He is also known f ...
but the story was never completed and remains unpublished. Three fill-in issues followed before
Steve Englehart Steve Englehart (; born April 22, 1947) is an Americans, American writer of comic books and novels. He is best known for his work at Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s and 1980s. His pseudonyms have included John Harkness and Cliff Garnett. ...
(under the pseudonym "John Harkness") took the post of writer, only to lose it after one issue due to a plot conflict with one of the fill-ins.
Ann Nocenti Ann "Annie" Nocenti (; born January 17, 1957) is an American journalist A journalist is an individual trained to collect/gather information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worth form and disseminates it to the publi ...
was brought on as a fill-in writer but became the series's longest-running regular writer, with a four-and-a-quarter-year run from #238 to #291 (January 1987 – April 1991). The shuffle of short-term artists continued for her first year, until
John Romita Jr. John Salvatore Romita (; born August 17, 1956), known professionally as John Romita Jr., is an American comics artist A cartoonist (also comic strip creator, comic book artist, graphic novel artist, or comic book illustrator) is a visual artis ...
joined as penciller from #250 to #282 (January 1988 – July 1990) alongside inker
Al Williamson Alfonso Williamson (March 21, 1931 – June 12, 2010) was an Americans, American cartoonist, comic book artist and illustrator specializing in adventure (genre), adventure, western (genre), Western and science fiction/fantasy (genre), fantasy. ...

Al Williamson
, who stayed on through #300. The team returned Murdock to law by co-founding with Page a nonprofit drug and legal clinic, while Nocenti crafted stories confronting
feminism Feminism is a range of social movement A social movement is a loosely organized effort by a large group of people to achieve a particular goal, typically a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting popu ...

feminism
,
drug abuse Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is the use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or others. It is a form of substance-related disorder Substance-related disorders, also known as substance use disord ...
,
nuclear proliferation Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons A nuclear weapon (also known as an atom bomb, atomic bomb, nuclear bomb or nuclear warhead, and colloquially as an A-bomb or nuke) is an explosive device that derives its destructi ...

nuclear proliferation
, and animal rights-inspired terrorism.


1990s

New writer D. G. Chichester and
penciler A penciller (or penciler) is a collaboration artist who works in creation of comic books, graphic novels, and similar visual art forms, with focus on primary pencil illustrations, hence the term "penciller". In the American comic book industry, t ...
Lee Weeks Lee Weeks (born 1962) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the U ...
continued from where Nocenti left off. The critically acclaimed "Last Rites" arc from #297–300 saw Daredevil regaining his attorney's license and finally bringing the Kingpin to justice. The creative team of Chichester and penciler
Scott McDaniel Scott McDaniel (born 1965) is an People of the United States, American comics artist who has drawn numerous comic book, books, including Marvel Comics' "Fall from Grace (comics), Fall from Grace" storyline for the ''Daredevil (Marvel Comics series ...
changed the ''status quo'' with their "Fall From Grace" storyline in issues #319–325 (August 1993 – February 1994). Elektra, who was resurrected in #190 but had not been seen since, finally returned. Under writers
Karl Kesel Karl Kesel (born January 7, 1959, Victor, New York) is an Americans, American comics writer and inker whose works have primarily been under contract for DC Comics. He is a member of Periscope Studio and is best known for his collaborations with f ...
and later Joe Kelly, the title gained a lighter tone, with Daredevil returning to the lighthearted, wisecracking hero depicted by earlier writers. Gene Colan returned to the series during this time, but though initially enthusiastic about drawing Daredevil again, he quit after seven issues, complaining that Kesel and Kelly's scripts were too "
retro Retro style is a style that is imitative or consciously derivative of lifestyles, trends, or art forms from the historical past, including in music, modes, fashions, or attitudes. In popular culture Popular culture (also called mass culture ...

retro
". In 1998, ''Daredevil''s numbering was rebooted, with the title "canceled" with issue #380 and revived a month later as part of the
Marvel Knights Marvel Knights is an imprint Imprint or imprinting may refer to: Entertainment * Imprint (TV series), ''Imprint'' (TV series), Canadian television series * Imprint (Masters of Horror), "Imprint" (''Masters of Horror''), episode of TV show ''Maste ...
imprint.
Joe Quesada Joseph Quesada (; born January 12, 1962''Comics Buyer's Guide ''Comics Buyer's Guide'' (''CBG''; ), established in 1971, was the longest-running English-language periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply ...

Joe Quesada
drew the new series, written by filmmaker
Kevin Smith Kevin Patrick Smith (born August 2, 1970) is an American filmmaker, actor, comedian, comic book writer, author, and podcaster. He came to prominence with the low-budget A low-budget film or low-budget movie is a motion picture shot with litt ...

Kevin Smith
. Its first story arc, "
Guardian Devil "Guardian Devil" is an eight-issue Daredevil story arc A story arc (also narrative arc) is an extended or continuing storyline in episodic storytelling media such as television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a ...
", depicts Daredevil struggling to protect a child whom he is told could either be the
Messiah In Abrahamic religions, a messiah or messias (; , ; , ; ) is a salvation, saviour or liberator of a group of people. The concepts of ''Messiah in Judaism, mashiach'', Messianism#Judaism, messianism, and of a Messianic Age#Judaism, Messianic Ag ...
or the
Anti-Christ In Christian eschatology, the Antichrist, or anti-Christ, refers to people prophesied by the Bible to oppose Jesus Christ, Christ and substitute themselves in Christ's place before the Second Coming. The Glossary of Christianity, term Antichrist ...
. Smith was succeeded by writer-artist David Mack, who contributed the seven-issue "Parts of a Hole" (vol. 2, #9–15).


2000s

David Mack brought independent-comics colleague
Brian Michael Bendis Brian Michael Bendis (; born August 18, 1967) is an Americans, American comic book writer and artist. He has won five Eisner Awards for both his creator-owned work and his work on various Marvel Comics books.Bendis, Brian Michael and Oeming, Mich ...
to Marvel to co-write the following arc, "Wake Up" in vol. 2, #16–19 (May 2001 – August 2001). Following Mack and Bendis were ''
Back to the Future ''Back to the Future'' is a 1985 American science fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis. Written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale, it stars Michael J. Fox, Christopher Lloyd, Lea Thompson, Crispin Glover, and Thomas F. Wilson. Set in 1985, the stor ...
'' screenwriter
Bob Gale Michael Robert Gale (born May 25, 1951) is an American screenwriter, producer and film director. He co-wrote the science fiction comedy film ''Back to the Future'' with writing partner Robert Zemeckis, and the screenplays for the film's two seq ...
and artists
Phil Winslade Phil Winslade (born 1965) is a British comic book artist ''Comic Book Artist'' was an American magazine founded by Jon B. Cooke devoted to anecdotal histories of American comic books, with emphasis on comics published since the 1960s. It was pub ...
and David Ross for the story "Playing to the Camera". Mack continued to contribute covers, while Brian Michael Bendis wrote further stories such as '' Daredevil: Ninja''. Issue #26 (December 2001) brought back
Brian Michael Bendis Brian Michael Bendis (; born August 18, 1967) is an Americans, American comic book writer and artist. He has won five Eisner Awards for both his creator-owned work and his work on various Marvel Comics books.Bendis, Brian Michael and Oeming, Mich ...
, working this time with artist
Alex Maleev Alex Maleev (Bulgarian Bulgarian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Bulgaria * Bulgarians, a South Slavic ethnic group * Bulgarian language, a Slavic language * Bulgarian alphabet * A citizen of Bulgaria, see Demogra ...
.
IGN ''IGN'' (an abbreviation of its former name ''Imagine Games Network'') is an American video game#REDIRECT Video game A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device such as a joystick, ...
called Bendis's four-year-run "one of the greatest creative tenures in Marvel history" and commented that it rivaled
Frank Miller Frank Miller (born January 27, 1957) is an American comic book writer, penciller and inker, novelist, screenwriter, film director, and producer best known for his comic book stories and graphic novel A graphic novel is a book made up of comi ...
's work. Writer
Ed Brubaker Ed Brubaker (; born November 17, 1966) is an American comic book writer and cartoonist who works primarily in the crime fiction genre. He began his career with the semi-autobiographical series ''Lowlife (comics), Lowlife'' and a number of serials ...

Ed Brubaker
and artist
Michael Lark Michael Lark (born 1966https://www.mutualart.com/Artist/Michael-Lark/6FAC5BC51653D0C3/Biography) is an American comics artist and colorist. Lark has provided pencils for DC Comics' ''Batman'', ''Terminal City'', ''Gotham Central'' and ''Hawkman, ...
became the new creative team with ''Daredevil'' vol. 2, #82 (February 2006), no longer under the
Marvel Knights Marvel Knights is an imprint Imprint or imprinting may refer to: Entertainment * Imprint (TV series), ''Imprint'' (TV series), Canadian television series * Imprint (Masters of Horror), "Imprint" (''Masters of Horror''), episode of TV show ''Maste ...
imprint. The series returned to its original numbering with issue #500 (October 2009), which followed vol. 2, #119 (August 2009). New writer
Andy Diggle Andy Diggle is a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the British identity and common ...
revised the status quo, with Daredevil assuming leadership of the ninja army the
Hand A hand is a prehensile, multi- fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm The forearm is the region of the upper limb between the Elbow-joint, elbow and the wrist. The term forearm is used in anatomy to distinguish it from the arm, ...
.


2010s

Following this came the crossover story arc " Shadowland". Murdock then leaves New York, leaving his territory in the hands of the
Black Panther A black panther is the melanistic The term melanism refers to black pigment and is derived from the gr, μελανός. Melanism is the increased development of the dark-colored pigment A pigment is a colored material that is completely ...
in the briefly retitled series' ''Black Panther: Man Without Fear'' #513. In July 2011, ''Daredevil'' relaunched with vol. 3, #1 (September 2011), with writer
Mark Waid Mark Waid (; born March 21, 1962) is an American comic book writer A script is a document describing the narrative and dialogue of a comic book in detail. It is the comic book equivalent of a Television, television program teleplay or a film scre ...
and penciler
Paolo Rivera Paolo Manuel Rivera is an American comic book artist. He is known for illustrating the ''Mythos (Marvel Comics), Mythos'' series of one-shot (comics), one-shots and several issues of Spider-Man as well as his collaboration with writer Mark Waid, h ...
. Waid said he was interested in "tweaking the adventure-to-depression ratio a bit and letting Matt win again". ''Daredevil'' vol. 3 ended at issue #36 in February 2014. ''Daredevil'' volume 4 launched under Waid and
Chris Samnee Chris Samnee is an American comic book artist. He received the 2011 Harvey Award for Most Promising Newcomer for his work on the ''Thor: The Mighty Avenger'', and won a 2013 Eisner Award for Best Penciller/Inker for his work on ''The Rocketeer: Carg ...
with a new issue #1 (March 2014) as part of the
All-New Marvel NOW! Marvel NOW! is a comic book branding for the relaunch of several ongoing series, ongoing comic books published by Marvel Comics, that debuted in October 2012 with new #1 issues. The relaunch also included some new titles, including ''Uncanny Avenge ...
storyline. ''Daredevil'' volume 4 officially ended with issue #18 in September 2015. A new volume began as part of the
All-New, All-Different Marvel All-New, All-Different Marvel (ANADM) is a 2015–2019 branding for Marvel Comics Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc., formerly Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of America ...
branding, written by
Charles Soule Charles Soule is a Brooklyn, New York Brooklyn () is a Boroughs of New York City, borough of New York City, coextensive with Kings County, in the U.S. state of New York (state), New York. It is the most populous Administrative divisions of New Y ...
with art by
Ron Garney Ron Garney is a comic book writer/artist developed specialized terminology. Some several attempts have been made to formalize and define the terminology of comics by authors such as Will Eisner, Scott McCloud, R. C. Harvey and Dylan Horrocks. ...
with the first two issues released in December 2015.


Reception

''Empire'' praised Frank Miller's era, and referenced Brian Michael Bendis, Jeph Loeb, and Kevin Smith's tenures on the series.
IGN ''IGN'' (an abbreviation of its former name ''Imagine Games Network'') is an American video game#REDIRECT Video game A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device such as a joystick, ...
ranked ''Daredevil'' as the third best series from Marvel Comics in 2006 The series has won the following awards as well: * ''Daredevil'' #227: "Apocalypse", Best Single Issue – 1986
Kirby Award The Jack Kirby Comics Industry Award was an award for achievement in comic books, presented from 1985-1987. Voted on by comic-book professionals, the Kirby was the first such award since the Shazam Awards ceased in 1975. Sponsored by '' Amazing He ...
s * ''Daredevil: Born Again'', Best Writer/Artist (single or team), Frank Miller and David Mazzucchelli – 1987 Kirby Awards * ''Daredevil: The Man Without Fear'', Favorite Limited Comic-Book Series – 1993
Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Award The ''Comics Buyer's Guide'' (''CBG'') magazine administered the annual Comics Buyer's Guide Fan Awards from 1982 to circa 2010, with the first awards announced in issue #500 (June 17, 1983). Upon taking over as ''CBG'' editors, Don and Maggie T ...
* ''Daredevil'' by writer
Brian Michael Bendis Brian Michael Bendis (; born August 18, 1967) is an Americans, American comic book writer and artist. He has won five Eisner Awards for both his creator-owned work and his work on various Marvel Comics books.Bendis, Brian Michael and Oeming, Mich ...
and artist
Alex Maleev Alex Maleev (Bulgarian Bulgarian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Bulgaria * Bulgarians, a South Slavic ethnic group * Bulgarian language, a Slavic language * Bulgarian alphabet * A citizen of Bulgaria, see Demogra ...
, 2003
Eisner Award The Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards, commonly shortened to the Eisner Awards, are prizes given for creative achievement in American comic book A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) si ...
s (for works published in 2002) * ''Daredevil'', Best Writer, Ed Brubaker – 2007
Harvey Award The Harvey Awards are given for achievement in comic books. Named for writer-artist Harvey Kurtzman, the Harvey Awards were founded by Gary Groth in 1988, president of the publisher Fantagraphics, to be the successor to the Kirby Awards that were ...
* ''Daredevil'' #7, Best Single Issue (or One-Shot) – 2012 Eisner Awards (for works published in 2011) * ''Daredevil'' by Mark Waid, Marcos Martín, Paolo Rivera, and Joe Rivera, Best Continuing Series – 2012 Eisner Awards * David Mazzucchelli's ''Daredevil'' Born Again: Artist's Edition, edited by Scott Dunbier (IDW),Best Archival Collection – 2013 Eisner Awards * Chris Samnee, ''Daredevil'' v3, Best Penciller/Inker – 2013 Eisner Awards


References

{{Frank Miller 1964 comics debuts Comics by Brian Michael Bendis Comics by Dennis O'Neil Comics by Ed Brubaker Comics by Frank Miller (comics) Comics by Gerry Conway Comics by J. M. DeMatteis Comics by Kevin Smith Comics by Mark Waid Comics by Marv Wolfman Comics by Roy Thomas Comics by Stan Lee Comics by Steve Gerber Comics set in New York City Crime comics Daredevil (Marvel Comics), Literature about blind people Marvel Comics adapted into films Marvel Comics titles