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The ''Daily Express'' is a daily national middle-market and
conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aest ...
tabloid Tabloid may refer to: * Tabloid journalism, a type of journalism * Tabloid (newspaper format), a newspaper with compact page size ** Chinese tabloid * Tabloid (paper size), a North American paper size * Tabloid (film), ''Tabloid'' (film), a 2010 d ...
newspaper in the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
. Published in
London London is the Capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. It stands on the River Thames in south-east England at the head of a estuary down to the North Sea, and has b ...

London
, it is the flagship of Express Newspapers, owned by publisher
Reach plc Reach plc (known as Trinity Mirror between 1999 and 2018) is a British newspaper, magazine and digital Digital usually refers to something using digits, particularly binary digits. Technology and computing Hardware *Digital electronics Di ...
. It was first published as a broadsheet in 1900 by Sir Arthur Pearson. Its sister paper, the ''Sunday Express'', was launched in 1918. In February 2019, it had an average daily circulation of 315,142. The paper rose to become the largest circulation newspaper in the world under
Lord Beaverbrook William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, PC, Order of New Brunswick, ONB (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964), generally known as Lord Beaverbrook, was a Canadian-British newspaper publisher and backstage poli ...
, going from 2 million in the 1930s to 4 million in the 1940s. It was acquired by
Richard Desmond Richard Clive Desmond (born 8 December 1951) is a British publisher, businessman and former pornographer. He is the founder of Northern & Shell, which primarily operates in the businesses of property development, The Health Lottery and start-u ...

Richard Desmond
's company
Northern & Shell Northern & Shell (holding company name Northern and Shell Network Ltd) is a British publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Tradit ...
in 2000.
Hugh Whittow Hugh Whittow is a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territor ...
was the editor from February 2011 until he retired in March 2018. In February 2018 Trinity Mirror acquired the ''Daily Express'', and other publishing assets of Northern & Shell, in a deal worth £126.7 million. To coincide with the purchase the Trinity Mirror group changed the name of the company to ''Reach''. Hugh Whittow resigned as editor and Gary Jones took over as editor-in-chief soon after the purchase. The paper's editorial stances have often been seen as aligned to
Euroscepticism Euroscepticism, also known as EU-scepticism, means criticism of the European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of Member state of the European Union, member states that are located primarily in Europe. I ...
and supportive of the
UK Independence Party The UK Independence Party (UKIP ) is a Eurosceptic, right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom. The party reached its greatest level of success in the mid-2010s, when it gained two Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), members o ...
(UKIP), and other
right-wing Right-wing politics is generally defined by support of the view that certain social order The term social order can be used in two senses: In the first sense, it refers to a particular system of social structures and institution Instit ...
factions including the
European Research Group The European Research Group (ERG) is a research support group of Eurosceptic Conservative Members of Parliament of the United Kingdom. It has been described as "the most influential in recent political history". Serving an annual average of 21 ...
(ERG) of the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
.


History

The ''Daily Express'' was founded in 1900 by Sir Arthur Pearson, with the first issue appearing on 24 April 1900. Pearson, who had lost his sight to
glaucoma Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve The optic nerve, also known as cranial nerve II, or simply as CN II, is a paired cranial nerve Cranial nerves are the nerve A nerve is an enclosed, cable-l ...

glaucoma
in 1913, sold the title to the future
Lord Beaverbrook William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, PC, Order of New Brunswick, ONB (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964), generally known as Lord Beaverbrook, was a Canadian-British newspaper publisher and backstage poli ...
in 1916. It was one of the first papers to place news instead of advertisements on its front page, and carried gossip, sport, and women's features. It was also the first in Britain to have a
crossword puzzle A crossword is a word puzzle that usually takes the form of a square or a rectangular grid of white- and black-shaded squares. The game's goal is to fill the white squares with letters, forming words or phrase In everyday speech, a phrase i ...

crossword puzzle
. The ''Express'' began printing in Manchester in 1927. In 1931 it moved its London headquarters to 120 Fleet Street, a specially commissioned
art deco Art Deco, sometimes referred to as Deco, is a style of visual arts, architecture and design that first appeared in France just before World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Gr ...

art deco
building. Under Beaverbrook, the paper set newspaper sales records several times throughout the 1930s. Its success was partly due to aggressive marketing campaign and a circulation war with other populist newspapers. Arthur Christiansen became editor in October 1933. Under his direction sales climbed from two million in 1936 to four million in 1949. He retired in 1957. The paper also featured
Alfred Bestall Alfred Edmeades "Fred" Bestall, MBEMBE may refer to: Academic qualifications * Master of Bioethics Bioethics is the study of the ethical issues emerging from advances in biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and liv ...
's ''
Rupert Bear Rupert Bear is an English children's comic strip A comic strip is a , often , arranged in interrelated panels to display brief humor or form a narrative, often , with text in and . Traditionally, throughout the 20th and into the 21st centu ...

Rupert Bear
'' cartoon and satirical cartoons by
Carl Giles Ronald "Carl" Giles OBE The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry An order of chivalry, order of knighthood, chivalric order, or equestrian order is an order of knights typically founded during or inspir ...
which it began publishing in the 1940s. On 24 March 1933, a front-page headline, "Judea Declares War on Germany" (because of the
Anti-Nazi boycott of 1933 The anti-Nazi boycott was an international boycott of German products in response to violence and harassment by members of Hitler's Nazi Party The Nazi Party, officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (german: Nationalsoziali ...
), was published. During the late 1930s, the paper advocated the
appeasement Appeasement in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power (international relations) , power in order to avoid conflict. The term is most often applied to the foreign pol ...
policies of the Chamberlain government, due to the influence of Lord Beaverbrook. On 7 August 1939, the front-page headline was "NO WAR THIS YEAR". Less than a month later, Britain and France were at war with Germany following its invasion of Poland. The front page, floating in dirty water, later featured in ''
In Which We Serve ''In Which We Serve'' is a 1942 British patriotic war film directed by Noël Coward and David Lean. It was made during the Second World War with the assistance of the Ministry of Information (United Kingdom), Ministry of Information. The scree ...
''. The ruralist and fascist author
Henry Williamson Henry William Williamson (1 December 1895 – 13 August 1977) was an English author who wrote novels concerned with wildlife, English social history and ruralism. He was awarded the Hawthornden Prize for literature in 1928 for his book ''Tarka t ...
wrote for the paper on many occasions for half a century, practically the whole of his career. He also wrote for the ''Sunday Express'' at the beginning of his career. In 1938, the publication moved to the
Daily Express Building, Manchester The Daily Express Building, located on Great Ancoats Street, Manchester Manchester () is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. The city has the country’s List of English districts by population, fifth-largest popula ...
(nicknamed the "Black Lubyianka"), designed by Owen Williams on the same site in
Great Ancoats Street Great Ancoats Street is a street in the inner suburb of Ancoats, Manchester, England. A number of cotton mills built in the early and mid-Victorian period are nearby, some of which have been converted into residential or office buildings, such a ...

Great Ancoats Street
. It opened a similar building in Glasgow in 1936 in Albion Street. Glasgow printing ended in 1974 and Manchester in 1989 on the company's own presses. Johnston Press has a five-year deal, begun in March 2015, to print the northern editions of the ''Daily Express'', ''Daily Star'', ''Sunday Express'' and the ''Daily Star Sunday'' at its Dinnington site in Sheffield. The Scottish edition is printed by facsimile in Glasgow by contract printers, the London editions at Westferry Printers. In March 1962, Beaverbrook was attacked in the House of Commons for running "a sustained vendetta" against the
British Royal Family The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family. Many members support the Queen in undertaking public engag ...
in the ''Express'' titles. In the same month, the Duke of Edinburgh described the ''Express'' as "a bloody awful newspaper. It is full of lies, scandal and imagination. It is a vicious paper." At the height of Beaverbrook's control, in 1948, he told a
Royal Commission A royal commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry A tribunal of inquiry is an official review of events or actions ordered by a government body. In many common law countries, such as the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of ...
on the press that he ran his papers "purely for the purpose of making propaganda". The arrival of television, and the public's changing interests, took their toll on circulation, and following Beaverbrook's death in 1964, the paper's circulation declined for several years. During this period, the ''Express'', practically alone among mainstream newspapers, was vehemently opposed to entry into what became the
European Economic Community The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organization and Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country straddling Southeastern Europe and Western Asia. It shares borders with Greece ...

European Economic Community
. Partially as a result of the rejuvenation of the ''Daily Mail'' under David English and the emergence of '' The Sun'' under
Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch ( ; born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born American billionaire businessman, media tycoon, and investor. Through his company News Corp The current incarnation of News Corporation, stylized as News Corp, is an Am ...

Rupert Murdoch
and editorship of
Larry Lamb Lawrence Douglas Lamb (born ) is an English actor and radio presenter. He played Archie Mitchell in the BBC soap opera ''EastEnders'', List of Gavin & Stacey characters#Michael "Mick" Shipman, Mick Shipman in the BBC comedy series ''Gavin & Stac ...
, average daily sales of the ''Express'' dropped below four million in 1967, below three million in 1975, and below two million in 1984. The ''Daily Express'' switched from
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format Newspaper formats vary substantially, with different formats more common in different countries. The size of a newspaper format refers to the size of the paper page; the printed area within that ...
to
tabloid Tabloid may refer to: * Tabloid journalism, a type of journalism * Tabloid (newspaper format), a newspaper with compact page size ** Chinese tabloid * Tabloid (paper size), a North American paper size * Tabloid (film), ''Tabloid'' (film), a 2010 d ...
in 1977 (the ''Mail'' having done so six years earlier), and was bought by the construction company Trafalgar House in the same year. Its publishing company, Beaverbrook Newspapers, was renamed Express Newspapers. In 1982, Trafalgar House spun off its publishing interests to a new company, Fleet Holdings, under Lord Matthews, but this succumbed to a hostile takeover by
United Newspapers UBM plc was a British business-to-business Business-to-business (B2B or, in some countries, BtoB) is a situation where one business makes a commercial transaction with another. This typically occurs when: * A business is sourcing materials fo ...
in 1985. Under United, the ''Express'' titles moved from Fleet Street to
Blackfriars Road Blackfriars Road is a road in Southwark, SE postcode area, SE1. It runs between St George's Circus at the southern end and Blackfriars Bridge over the River Thames at the northern end, leading to the City of London. Halfway up on the west side is ...
in 1989. Express Newspapers was sold to publisher
Richard Desmond Richard Clive Desmond (born 8 December 1951) is a British publisher, businessman and former pornographer. He is the founder of Northern & Shell, which primarily operates in the businesses of property development, The Health Lottery and start-u ...

Richard Desmond
in 2000, and the names of the newspapers reverted to ''Daily Express'' and ''Sunday Express''. In 2004, the newspaper moved to its present location on Lower Thames Street in the
City of London The City of London is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It ...

City of London
. On 31 October 2005, UK Media Group
Entertainment Rights Entertainment Rights was a media company with international business in the production and sales of Children's television series. The business entity was first founded in 1989 as "Sleepy Kids". In 1999, the company was renamed "Entertainment Righ ...
secured majority interest from the ''Daily Express'' for
Rupert Bear Rupert Bear is an English children's comic strip A comic strip is a , often , arranged in interrelated panels to display brief humor or form a narrative, often , with text in and . Traditionally, throughout the 20th and into the 21st centu ...

Rupert Bear
. They paid £6 million for a 66.6% control of the character. The ''Express'' retains minority interest of one-third plus the right to publish Rupert Bear stories in certain Express publications.


Richard Desmond era

In 2000, Express Newspapers was bought by Richard Desmond, publisher of celebrity magazine '' OK!'', for £125 million. Controversy surrounded the deal since Desmond also owned
softcore pornography Softcore pornography or softcore porn, is commercial still photography or film that has a pornographic Pornography (often shortened to porn) is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal Sexual ...
magazines. As a result, many staff left, including editor
Rosie Boycott Rosel Marie "Rosie" Boycott, Baroness Boycott (born 13 May 1951) is a British journalist and feminist Feminism is a range of social movement Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interact ...
and columnist
Peter Hitchens Peter Jonathan Hitchens (born 28 October 1951) is an English journalist and author. Hitchens writes for ''The Mail on Sunday ''The Mail on Sunday'' is a British Conservatism, conservative newspaper, published in a tabloid (newspaper format ...
. Hitchens moved to ''
The Mail on Sunday ''The Mail on Sunday'' is a British Conservatism, conservative newspaper, published in a tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid format. It is the biggest-selling Sunday newspaper in the UK and was launched in 1982 by Vere Harmsworth, 3rd Viscount ...
'', saying working for the new owner was a moral conflict of interest since he had always attacked the pornographic magazines that Desmond published. Despite their divergent politics, Desmond respected Hitchens. In 2007, Express Newspapers left the National Publishers Association due to unpaid fees. Since payments to the NPA fund the
Press Complaints Commission 280px, Press Complaints Commission in Salisbury Square The Press Complaints Commission (PCC) was a voluntary regulatory body for British printed newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives of the major publishers. The PCC closed on ...
, it is possible that the ''Express'' and its sister papers could cease being regulated by the PCC. The chairman of the Press Standards Board of Finance, which manages PCC funds, described Express Newspapers as a "rogue publisher". The Express group lost prominent libel cases in 2008–2009; it paid damages to people involved in the
Madeleine McCann Madeleine Beth McCann (born 12 May 2003) disappeared on the evening of 3 May 2007 from her bed in a holiday apartment at a resort in Praia da Luz, in the Algarve region of Portugal. The ''The Daily Telegraph, Daily Telegraph'' described the disap ...
case (see below), a member of the
Muslim Council of Britain The Muslim Council of Britain (MCB) is a national umbrella body with over 500 mosques, educational and charitable associations affiliated to it. It includes national, regional, local, and specialist Muslim organisations and institutions from dif ...
, footballer
Marco Materazzi Marco Materazzi (; born 19 August 1973) is an Italian former professional footballer and manager. Early in his career, Materazzi played with various Italian teams in Serie B Serie B (), currently named Serie Balkrishna Industries, BKT for ...

Marco Materazzi
, and sports agent
Willie McKay Willie McKay is a British football agent, based in Monaco. He was the agent of many top-level footballers, mainly based in England and France, specifically the Premier League.His associate was Italian Swiss-born agent Walter Palombo. His clients ...
. The losses led the media commentator
Roy Greenslade Roy Greenslade (born 31 December 1946) is an author and freelance journalist, and a former professor of journalism. He worked in the UK newspaper industry culminating in a lengthy period as a media commentator, mainly for ''The Guardian ''T ...
to conclude that Express Newspapers (which also publishes the ''Star'' titles) paid more in libel damages over that period than any other newspaper group. Although most of the individual amounts paid were not disclosed, the total damages were recorded at £1,570,000. Greenslade characterised Desmond as a "rogue proprietor". In late 2008, Express Newspapers began cutting 80 jobs to reduce costs by £2.5 million; however, too few staff were willing to take voluntary redundancy. In early 2008, a previous cost-cutting exercise triggered the first 24-hour national press strike in the UK for 18 years. In late August 2009 came plans for a further 70 redundancies, affecting journalists across Express Newspapers (including the ''Daily'' and ''Sunday Express'', the ''Daily Star'', and the ''Daily Star Sunday''). In August 2009, the
Advertising Standards AuthorityAdvertising Standards Authority may refer to: *Advertising Standards Bureau (Australia) *Advertising Standards Authority for Ireland *Advertising Standards Authority (New Zealand) *Advertising Standards Authority (South Africa) *Advertising Standard ...
criticised the company for
advertorialAn advertorial is an advertisement in the form of editorial content. The term "advertorial" is a blend word, blend (see portmanteau) of the words "advertisement" and "editorial." Merriam-Webster dates the origin of the word to 1946. In printed publi ...

advertorial
s as features alongside adverts for the same products. The ASA noted that the pieces were "always and uniquely favourable to the product featured in the ads and contained claims that have been or were likely to be prohibited in advertisements". In January 2010, the ''Daily Express'' was censured by the Advertising Standards Authority over a front-page promotion for "free" fireworks. This led to comment that the ''Express'' has become "the Ryanair of Fleet Street", in that it is a "frequent offender" which pays little heed to the ASA's criticisms. In May 2010, Desmond announced a commitment of £100 million over five years to buy new equipment for the printing plants, beginning with the immediate purchase of four new presses, amid industry rumours that he was going to establish a printing plant at Luton. On 31 December 2010, the Express, with all the media titles in Desmond's
Northern & Shell Northern & Shell (holding company name Northern and Shell Network Ltd) is a British publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Tradit ...
group, were excluded from the
Press Complaints Commission 280px, Press Complaints Commission in Salisbury Square The Press Complaints Commission (PCC) was a voluntary regulatory body for British printed newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives of the major publishers. The PCC closed on ...
after withholding payment. Lord Black, chairman of PressBof, the PCC's parent organisation, called this "a deeply regrettable decision". According to ''Press Gazette'', in December 2016 circulation figures showed gross sales of the ''
Daily Mail The ''Daily Mail'' is a British daily Middle-market newspaper, middle-market newspaper and online newspaper, news websitePeter Wilb"Paul Dacre of the Daily Mail: The man who hates liberal Britain", ''New Statesman'', 19 December 2013 (online ...
'' were 1,491,264 compared to 391,626 for the ''Daily Express''. The full run of the ''Daily Express'' has been digitised and is available at UK Press Online. In September 2017, ''
Daily Mirror The ''Daily Mirror'' is a British national daily tabloid-sized newspaper that is considered to be engaged in tabloid-style journalism. Founded in 1903, it is owned by parent company Reach plc Reach plc (known as Trinity Mirror between 1 ...
'' publisher
Trinity Mirror Reach plc (known as Trinity Mirror between 1999 and 2018) is a British newspaper, magazine and digital Digital usually refers to something using digits, particularly binary digits. Technology and computing Hardware *Digital electronics Dig ...
announced its interest in buying all of Express Newspapers from Desmond. The ''
Financial Times The ''Financial Times'' (''FT'') is a daily newspaper printed in broadsheet and published digitally that focuses on business and economic Current affairs (news format), current affairs. Based in London, England, the paper is owned by a Japanese ...
'' called it potentially the biggest change in the British newspaper industry for a decade.


Reach era

In February 2018,
Trinity Mirror Reach plc (known as Trinity Mirror between 1999 and 2018) is a British newspaper, magazine and digital Digital usually refers to something using digits, particularly binary digits. Technology and computing Hardware *Digital electronics Dig ...
acquired the ''Daily Express'', and other publishing assets of Northern & Shell, in a deal worth £126.7 million. To coincide with the purchase the Trinity Mirror group changed its name to ''Reach''. Hugh Whittow resigned as editor and Gary Jones took over as editor-in-chief soon after the purchase.


''Sunday Express''

The printing press of the ''Sunday Express'' was first started by
Lady Diana Manners Diana Olivia Winifred Maud Cooper, Viscountess Norwich (née Lady Diana Manners; 29 August 1892 – 16 June 1986) was an English aristocrat who was a famously glamorous social figure in London and Paris. As a young woman, she moved in a celebrate ...

Lady Diana Manners
on 29 December 1918. It is edited by Michael Booker. Its circulation in February 2019 was 272,259.


Controversies


John Bodkin Adams

Suspected
serial killer A serial killer is typically a person who murders three or more people,A serial killer is most commonly defined as a person who kills three or more people for psychological gratification; reliable sources over the years agree. See, for example: ...
Dr John Bodkin Adams was arrested in 1956, accused of murdering up to 400 wealthy patients in
Eastbourne Eastbourne () is a town and seaside resort in East Sussex East Sussex is a county in South East England on the English Channel The English Channel,, "The Sleeve"; nrf, la Maunche, "The Sleeve" ( Cotentinais) or (Jèrriais), (Guer ...

Eastbourne
, England. The press, "egged on by police leaks, unanimously declared Adams guilty," except for Percy Hoskins, chief crime reporter for the ''Express''.''Two Men Were Acquitted: The trial and acquittal of Doctor John Bodkin Adams'', Secker & Warburg, 1984 Hoskins was adamant that Adams was a naive doctor prosecuted by an overzealous detective, Herbert Hannam, whom Hoskins disliked from previous cases. The ''Express'', under Hoskins's direction, was the only major paper to defend Adams, causing
Lord Beaverbrook William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Privy Council of the United Kingdom, PC, Order of New Brunswick, ONB (25 May 1879 – 9 June 1964), generally known as Lord Beaverbrook, was a Canadian-British newspaper publisher and backstage poli ...
to question Hoskins's stance. Adams was cleared in 1957 of the murder of
Edith Alice Morrell Edith Alice Morrell (20 June 1869 – 13 November 1950) was a resident of Eastbourne and patient of Dr John Bodkin Adams. Although Adams was acquitted in 1957 of her murder, the question of Adams' role in Mrs Morrell's death excited considerable in ...
(a second count was withdrawn controversially). After the case, Beaverbrook phoned Hoskins and said: "Two people were acquitted today", meaning Hoskins as well. The ''Express'' carried an exclusive interview with Adams, whom Hoskins interviewed in a safe house away from other newspapers. According to archives released in 2003, Adams was thought by police to have killed 163 patients.


Dunblane

On 8 March 2009, the Scottish edition of the ''Sunday Express'' published a front-page article critical of survivors of the 1996
Dunblane massacre The Dunblane massacre took place at Dunblane Primary School near Stirling, Scotland, United Kingdom, on 13 March 1996, when Thomas Hamilton shot sixteen pupils and one teacher dead, and injured fifteen others, before suicide in the United Kingd ...
, entitled "Anniversary Shame of Dunblane Survivors". The article criticised the 18-year-old survivors for posting "shocking blogs and photographs of themselves on the internet", revealing that they drank alcohol, made rude gestures and talked about their sex lives. The article provoked complaints, leading to a front-page apology a
fortnight A fortnight is a unit of time equal to 14 day A day is approximately the period during which the Earth completes one rotation around its axis, which takes around 24 hours. A solar day is the length of time which elapses between the Sun reach ...
later. The
Press Complaints Commission 280px, Press Complaints Commission in Salisbury Square The Press Complaints Commission (PCC) was a voluntary regulatory body for British printed newspapers and magazines, consisting of representatives of the major publishers. The PCC closed on ...
described the article as a "serious error of judgement" and said, "Although the editor had taken steps to resolve the complaint, and rightly published an apology, the breach of the Code was so serious that no apology could remedy it".


Diana, Princess of Wales

The ''Daily Express'' gained a reputation for printing conspiracy theories about the death of Diana, Princess of Wales as front-page news. ''
The Independent ''The Independent'' is a British online newspaper An online newspaper (or electronic news or electronic news publication) is the electronic publishing, online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online ver ...
'' and ''
The Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ''The Observer ''The Observer'' is a British newspaper published on Sun ...

The Guardian
'' in 2006 both published a selection of then recent ''Express'' headlines on the topic. This practice was satirised in ''
Private Eye ''Private Eye'' is a British fortnightly satirical Satire is a genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. In ...
'' as the ''Diana Express'' or the ''Di'ly Express'', and has been attributed to Desmond's friendship with regular ''Eye'' target Mohamed Fayed.For instance in the "Hackwatch" column of ''Private Eye'' #1174, 19 December 2006. The articles regularly quoted Fayed with the newspaper describing its campaign as "Our relentless crusade for the truth". In 2006 and 2007, these front-page stories consistently appeared on Mondays, and ended only when the paper focused instead on the
Madeleine McCann Madeleine Beth McCann (born 12 May 2003) disappeared on the evening of 3 May 2007 from her bed in a holiday apartment at a resort in Praia da Luz, in the Algarve region of Portugal. The ''The Daily Telegraph, Daily Telegraph'' described the disap ...
story (see below). Even on 7 July 2006, the anniversary of the
London bombings This is a list of incidents in London that have been labelled as "terrorism". It includes various bomb attacks and other politically driven violent incidents. Irish republican attacks Fenian attacks during the Fenian Dynamite Campaign 1867– ...
(used by most other newspapers to publish commemorations) the front page was given over to Diana. This tendency was also mocked on '' Have I Got News for You'' when on 6 November 2006, the day other papers reported the death sentence given to
Saddam Hussein Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (; Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a lis ...

Saddam Hussein
on their front pages, the ''Express'' led with "SPIES COVER UP DIANA 'MURDER'". According to ''
The Independent ''The Independent'' is a British online newspaper An online newspaper (or electronic news or electronic news publication) is the electronic publishing, online version of a newspaper, either as a stand-alone publication or as the online ver ...
'' "The Diana stories appear on Mondays because Sunday is often a quiet day." In February and March 2010, the paper returned to featuring Diana stories on the front page on Mondays. In September 2013, following an allegation raised by the estranged wife of an SAS operative, the ''Daily Express'' returned to running daily Princess Diana cover stories.


Madeleine McCann

In the second half of 2007 the ''Daily Express'' gave a large coverage to the
disappearance of Madeleine McCann Madeleine Beth McCann (born 12 May 2003) disappeared on the evening of 3 May 2007 from her bed in a holiday apartment at a resort in Praia da Luz, in the Algarve region of Portugal. The ''The Daily Telegraph, Daily Telegraph'' described the dis ...
. From 3 August 2007 to 10 November 2007, the ''Express'' dedicated at least part of the next 100 front pages to her. Of those, 82 used the headline to feature the details of the disappearance (often stylised by "MADELEINE" in red block capitals, plus a picture of the child). Though the family initially said some journalists may have "overstepped their mark" they acknowledged the benefits in keeping the case in the public eye, but said coverage needed to be toned down since daily headlines were not necessarily helpful. In March 2008, the McCanns launched a
libel Defamation (also known as calumny, vilification, libel, slander, or traducement) is the oral or written communication of a false statement about another that unjustly harms their reputation and usually constitutes a tort A tort, in commo ...

libel
suit against the ''Daily Express'' and the '' Daily Star'', as well as their Sunday equivalents, following their coverage. The action concerned more than 100 stories across the four newspapers, which accused the McCanns of causing and covering up their daughter's death. Express Newspapers pulled all references to Madeleine from its websites. In a settlement at the
High Court of Justice The High Court of Justice in London, known properly as Her Majesty’s High Court of Justice in England, together with the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, Court of Appeal and the Crown Court, are the Senior Courts of England and Wales. ...
, the newspapers ran a front-page apology to the McCanns on 19 March 2008, another apology on the front of the Sunday editions of 23 March and a statement of apology at the High Court. The newspapers also agreed to pay costs and damages, which the McCanns said they would use to fund the search for their daughter. ''Guardian'' media commentator
Roy Greenslade Roy Greenslade (born 31 December 1946) is an author and freelance journalist, and a former professor of journalism. He worked in the UK newspaper industry culminating in a lengthy period as a media commentator, mainly for ''The Guardian ''T ...
said it was "unprecedented" for four major newspapers to offer front-page apologies but also said it was more than warranted given that the papers had committed "a substantial libel" that shamed the British press. of ''Regret the Error'', a blog that reports media errors, argued that given how many of the stories appeared on the front page, anything less than a front-page apology would have been "unacceptable." In its apology, the ''Express'' said "a number of articles in the newspaper have suggested that the couple caused the death of their missing daughter Madeleine and then covered it up. We acknowledge that there is no evidence whatsoever to support this theory and that Kate and Gerry are completely innocent of any involvement in their daughter's disappearance." This was followed in October by an apology and payout (forwarded to the fund again) to a group who had become known as the " Tapas Seven" in relation to the case.


Accusations of xenophobia and hate speech

In 2013, the paper launched a "crusade" against new
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
rules on migrants from Bulgaria and Romania. The front page on Thursday 31 October declared: "Britain is full and fed up. Today join your ''Daily Express'' Crusade to stop new flood of Romanian and Bulgarian migrants". The
Aberystwyth University , mottoeng = A world without knowledge is no world at all , established = 1872 (as ''The University College of Wales'') , former_names = University of Wales, Aberystwyth , type = Public In public relatio ...

Aberystwyth University
Student Union announced a ban on the sale of the paper. This ban was overturned in March 2016, following a student campaign against it.
UKIP The UK Independence Party (UKIP ) is a Eurosceptic Euroscepticism, also known as EU-scepticism, means criticism of the European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of Member state of the European Unio ...
leader
Nigel Farage Nigel Paul Farage (; born 3 April 1964) is a British broadcaster and former politician who was Leader of the UK Independence Party The UK Independence Party (UKIP ) is a Eurosceptic, right-wing populist political party in the United Ki ...

Nigel Farage
declared that he had signed the petition, and urged others to do the same. Romanian politician expressed "outrage" at the campaign. 150,000 people signed the petition. In a statement released by The
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, commonly known as the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) or the United Nations Human Rights Office, is a department of the Secretariat of the United Natio ...
(OHCHR) on 24 April 2015, the tabloid's name was mentioned in an accusation of producing
hate speech Hate speech is defined by the ''Cambridge Dictionary ''Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary'' 3rd Edition CD-ROM The ''Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary'' (unofficially ''Cambridge English Dictionary'' or ''Cambridge Dictionary'' ...
, initially referring to an article in ''The Sun'': "...To give just one glimpse of the scale of the problem, back in 2003 the ''Daily Express'' ran 22 negative front pages stories about asylum seekers and refugees in a single 31-day period" ... "..the High Commissioner noted that Article 20 of the ICCPR, as well as elements relating to hate speech in the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination* (both of which have been ratified by the U.K., as well as by all other EU countries), were rooted in the desire to outlaw the type of anti-Semitic and other racially based hate speech used by the Nazi media during the 1930s". Appearing in April 2018 before Parliament's Home Affairs Select Committee, which was investigating the treatment of minority groups in print media, ''Daily Express'' editor Gary Jones said that he would be looking to change the tone of the paper. Jones said that he had found past pages of the newspaper "downright offensive," adding that they made him feel "very uncomfortable" and contributed to an "Islamophobic sentiment" in the media.


Editors


''Daily Express''

* Arthur Pearson (April 1900 – 1901) *
Bertram Fletcher Robinson Bertram Fletcher Robinson (22 August 1870 – 21 January 1907) was an English sportsperson, sportsman, journalist, author and Liberal Unionist Party campaigner. Between 1893 and 1907, he wrote nearly three hundred items, including a series of sho ...
(July 1900 – May 1904) * R. D. Blumenfeld (1902 – 1929) *
Beverley Baxter Sir Arthur Beverley Baxter, Royal Society of Literature, FRSL (8 January 1891 – 26 April 1964) was a journalist and politician. Born in Toronto, Canada, he worked in the United Kingdom for the ''Daily Express'' and as a theatre critic for the L ...
(1929 – October 1933) *
Arthur Christiansen Arthur Robin Christiansen (27 July 1904 – 27 September 1963) was a British journalist, and editor of Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, Lord Beaverbrook's newspaper the ''Daily Express'' from 1933 to 1957. Christiansen was born in Wallasey, ...
(1933 – August 1957) * Edward Pickering (1957–1961) * Robert Edwards (acting) (November 1961 – February 1962) * Roger Wood (1962 – May 1963) * Robert Edwards (1963 – July 1965) * Derek Marks (1965 – April 1971) *
Ian McColl John Miller "Ian" McColl (7 June 1927 – 25 October 2008) was a Scottish association football, football player and manager (association football), manager. McColl played as a defender (football), defender for Queen's Park F.C., Queen's Park and ...
(1971 – October 1974) *
Alastair Burnet Sir James William Alexander Burnet (12 July 192820 July 2012), known as Alastair Burnet, was a British journalist and broadcaster, best known for his work in news and current affairs programmes, including a long career with ITN as chief presenter ...
(1974 – March 1976) * Roy Wright (1976 – August 1977) *
Derek Jameson Derek Jameson (29 November 1929 – 12 September 2012) was a British tabloid journalist and broadcaster. Beginning his career in the media in 1944 as a messenger at Reuters, he worked his way up to become the editor of several British tabloid ...
(1977 – June 1980) * Arthur Firth (1980 – October 1981) * Christopher Ward (1981 – April 1983) * Larry Lamb (newspaper editor), Sir Larry Lamb (1983 – April 1986) * Nicholas Lloyd, Sir Nicholas Lloyd (1986 – November 1995) * Richard Addis (November 1995 – May 1998) *
Rosie Boycott Rosel Marie "Rosie" Boycott, Baroness Boycott (born 13 May 1951) is a British journalist and feminist Feminism is a range of social movement Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interact ...
(May 1998 – January 2001) * Chris Williams (journalist), Chris Williams (January 2001 – December 2003) * Peter Hill (journalist), Peter Hill (December 2003 – February 2011) *
Hugh Whittow Hugh Whittow is a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the British Overseas Territor ...
(2011 – March 2018) * Gary Jones (2018 – present)


''Sunday Express''

:1920: James Douglas (journalist), James Douglas :1928: James Douglas and John Gordon (journalist), John Gordon :1931: John Gordon :1952: Harold Keeble :1954: John Junor :1986: Robin Esser :1989: Robin Morgan (journalist), Robin Morgan :1991: Eve Pollard :1994: Brian Hitchen :1995: Sue Douglas :1996: Richard Addis :1998: Amanda Platell :1999: Michael Pilgrim (journalist), Michael Pilgrim :2001: Martin Townsend (journalist), Martin Townsend :2018: Michael Booker


Notable columnists and staff


Current

* Jasmine Birtles, has a daily column and writes regularly for the Independent. * Vanessa Feltz, is a Columnist and journalist. * Frederick Forsyth, is an English novelist, journalist and political commentator. * Adam Helliker, journalist and columnist. * Lucy Johnston, journalist and health editor. * Leo McKinstry, journalist, historian and author. * Ross Clark (journalist), Ross Clark, journalist and author. * Richard and Judy, (Richard Madeley and Judy Finnigan), columnists. * Ann Widdecombe, Writer. * Dean Dunham, The consumer law columnist.


Past

* Henry Vollam Morton, H.V. Morton, journalist and travel writer * J.B. Morton, better known as ''Beachcomber (pen name), Beachcomber'' * Basil Cardew * Sefton Delmer * George Eric Rowe Gedye, G. E. R. Gedye * William Hickey (columnist), William Hickey *
Peter Hitchens Peter Jonathan Hitchens (born 28 October 1951) is an English journalist and author. Hitchens writes for ''The Mail on Sunday ''The Mail on Sunday'' is a British Conservatism, conservative newspaper, published in a tabloid (newspaper format ...
* Sheila Hutchins, cookery editor * Andrew Marr * Jenni Murray * Dyke White, Charles Gordon McClure (1885–1933), also known as Dyke White, cartoonist * Veronica Papworth * Jean Rook * Michael Watts (journalist), Michael Watts ('Inspector Watts') * Dame Barbara Cartland


Political allegiance

With the exception of the 2001 United Kingdom general election, 2001 general election when it backed the Labour Party (UK), Labour Party, and the 2015 United Kingdom general election, 2015 general election when it backed the
UK Independence Party The UK Independence Party (UKIP ) is a Eurosceptic, right-wing populist political party in the United Kingdom. The party reached its greatest level of success in the mid-2010s, when it gained two Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), members o ...
, the newspaper has declared its support for the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
at every general election since World War II.


"Crusade for Freedom"

This was the newspaper's own campaign to give the people of the United Kingdom the opportunity to add their names to a petition addressed to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in favour of Britain's withdrawal from the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
. Each edition of the 8 January 2011 issue had four cut-out vouchers where readers could sign the pledge and send them to the paper's HQ where the petition was being compiled; there were also further editions with the same voucher included. The campaign attracted the support of many celebrities including sportsman/TV personality Sir Ian Botham and Chairman of J D Wetherspoon Tim Martin (businessman), Tim Martin"Euro red tape is strangling UK enterprise", ''Daily Express'', page 69, 8 January 2011. who both gave interviews for 8 January's special edition of the paper. The first week of the campaign saw a response of around 370,000 signatures being received (just over 50% of daily readership or around 0.6% of the UK population).


See also

* Right-wing populism * ''Scottish Daily News''


Notes


References


External links

* * Derek Jameson
"Matthews, Victor Collin, Baron Matthews (1919–1995)"
''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 9 September 2007 {{Authority control Daily Express, 1900 establishments in England Conservative media in the United Kingdom Daily newspapers published in the United Kingdom Euroscepticism in the United Kingdom National newspapers published in the United Kingdom Newspapers published in London Northern & Shell Newspapers established in 1900 Reach plc Right-wing populism in the United Kingdom Supermarket tabloids