HistoryKing Chulalongkorn's reforms, aimed at transforming Thai society into a modern state demanded trained officials specialized in various fields. In 1899, the King founded the "Civil Service Training School" near the north gate of the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Royal Palace. Those who graduated from the school would become royal pages. As royal pages, they learned how to manage organizations by working closely with the king, which was a traditional way to enter the Siamese bureaucracy. After serving as royal pages, they would then serve in the Ministry of Interior (Thailand), Mahattai Ministry or other government ministries. On 1 April 1902 the King renamed the school. It became the "Royal Pages School" ( th, โรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก). On 1 January 1911, King Vajiravudh changed the name to "Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn" ( th, โรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) as a memorial to his father and moved the school to Windsor Palace (Thailand), Windsor Palace ( th, วังวินด์เซอร์ หรือวังใหม่) in the Pathumwan District. The King subsidized the construction of a university campus and organized various schools around the city into Chulalongkorn. The college offered eight majors taught by five schools including; * School of International Relations in the Royal Palace * Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University, School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya * Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Royal Medical College at Siriraj Hospital * School of Legal Studies * School of Mechanical Sciences at Windsor Palace King Rama VI realized that education should be provided not only to bureaucrats, but to all people. On 26 March 1917, the college was upgraded to "Chulalongkorn University" ( th, จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย), and the schools were transformed into four faculties: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Faculty of Public Administration, Faculty of Engineering, and Faculty of Medicine. The reorganized the curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1923, the Faculty of Medicine became the first faculty to accept secondary school (Mattayom) graduates. The remaining faculties then followed suit. After the Siamese Revolution of 1932, 1932 Revolution, the Khana Ratsadon, People's Party wanted legal and political studies to be independent of "royalists" so they moved the Faculty of Law and Political Science to the new Thammasat University in 1933. In 1938, Chulalongkorn University's Preparatory School was founded to provide pre-collegiate education to students. Those who managed to enter the university had to spend two years in the University-preparatory school, Preparatory School before going on to the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The Preparatory School, however, ceased to be a university-owned preparatory school in 1947 and became the independent Triam Udom Suksa School. Later, the university established Chulalongkorn University Demonstration School (CUD) as a laboratory school for primary and secondary education for the Faculty of Education.
Phra KiaoSince the establishment of the Royal Pages School, the former name of the university, King Chulalongkorn authorized the use of his personal emblem as a school emblem. The emblem is called ''Phra Kiao'', a Thai coronet, royal headgear for young princes and princesses. As the school was transformed into the university, the King authorized the use of ''phra kiao''. Today, ''phra kiao'' appears not only in formal letters and transcripts, but also on souvenirs made by the university as well as student uniforms.
Student uniformUndergraduates are required to wear a uniform when studying, taking examinations, or contacting the university in person. Male graduate students wear a collared or polo shirt and dark trousers. Women wear a plain blouse with long skirt. Originally, the university uniform was adapted from a uniform worn by Chulalongkorn's heirs. The uniform was later updated, but the original is reserved as a formal uniform. The formal uniform is usually worn by student leaders and graduates. Today, the ordinary uniform for male undergraduate students consists of a plain white shirt with long or short sleeves and black (or dark blue) trousers. Wearing a dark blue necktie with colored ''phra kiao'' engraved on its front is mandatory for first-year students but optional for higher years. However, a black tie with a silver ''phra kiao'' pin is usually used by upperclass student in some faculties. Female students are required to wear a short-sleeved blouse with a fold along the spine. The buttons must be made of metal, and a small ''phra kiao'' emblem must be pinned on the right breast. A dark blue or black pleated skirt with any black, white, or brown shoes are worn. For female first-year students, white leather shoes are mandatory. Chulalongkorn University's uniforms have long been the template of many uniforms used in other universities in Thailand.
Academic dressThe academic dress of Chulalongkorn University is based on ceremonial attire called khrui, a gown made from very fine mesh. The robe was originally reserved for pre-ordination monks, ministers and royal family members. Like dresses worn in Academic dress in the United Kingdom, the United Kingdom, the robe is open-fronted and calf-length. Square academic cap, Cap and Hood (headgear), hood, however, are omitted. The gown is faced and lined with a felt strip dyed according to the status of the wearer and decorated with gold ribbons. The elbow and wrist portion of the gown is also wrapped with the same felt strip. Bachelor's and master's gown is faced and bordered with a black felt strip, while a doctor's gown uses a scarlet (colour), scarlet felt strip. This colour scheme is similar to one used at the Academic dress of the University of Oxford, University of Oxford: Black for bachelors and masters (and doctors in undress); Scarlet for doctors (in full-dress).Shaw, G. W. (1995) ''Academical Dress of British and Irish Universities'', Chichester: Philmore & Co. Ltd, The cord (bachelor) or ribbon (master and doctor) dyed with the faculty colour is attached to the centre of the felt strip longitudinally. Officers' (lecturers, university council members, vice-chancellor and Chancellor (education), chancellor) gown is faced with a pink strip and centred with a gold thread, regardless of the faculty. The specially designed gown with a yellow facing is reserved for the king of Thailand, who is also Visitor, Visitor to the University. VVajiravudh authorized the university to use the traditional Thai gown instead of the western one, but the regulation on this matter was enacted in 1930 by Prajadhipok.ราชกิจจานุเบกษา
Example of felt strips
Rain TreesAlbizia saman, Rain trees are common on the university campus. They are associated with the cycle of student life. Fresh green leaves at beginning of the term represent the freshmen's naivete. As the tree produces slimy pods and sheds leaves, the ground beneath it becomes slippery, thus alerting students to prepare for examinations. If they walk carefully, they will not slip (pass examinations). If they walk heedlessly, they will slip and fall (fail examinations). From 1937–1957, many rain trees were cut down to free space for new buildings. King Bhumibol Adulyadej noticed the dramatic decrease in the number of rain trees. On 15 January 1962, he brought five trees from Hua Hin and planted them in front of the university auditorium, proclaiming: "...I give these five trees as an eternal memorial." ().
OrganizationChulalongkorn University consists of 19 faculties, three colleges, one school and many institutes which function as teaching and research units.ราชกิจจานุเบกษา
Health sciences* Faculty of Allied Health Sciences * Faculty of Dentistry * Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Medicine * Faculty of Nursing * Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences * Faculty of Psychology * Faculty of Sport Sciences * Faculty of Veterinary Science
Science and technology*Faculty of Architecture * Faculty of Engineering * Faculty of Science * School of Agricultural Resources
Social science and humanities* Faculty of Commerce and Accountancy (Also known a
International programsCU's international programs offers 99 international programs, including 17 Bachelor, 48 Master and 34 Doctora
Graduate institutes* College of Population Studies * College of Public Health Science * Graduate School * Language Institute * Petroleum and Petrochemical College * Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration of Chulalongkorn University, Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration
Research institutes* Aquatic Resources Research Institute * Energy Research Institute * Environmental Research Institute * Institute of Asian Studies * Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering * Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institute * Social Research Institute * Transportation Institute
Associated institutes* Police Nursing College * Red Cross College of Nursing
ResearchChulalongkorn University has research organizations in many fields of study. * Aquatic Resources Research Institute * Energy Research Institute * Environment Research Institute * Social Research Institute * The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetics Engineering * Metallurgy and Material Science Research Institute * Institute of Asian Studies * Transportation Institute
Rankings* ''QS World University Rankings'' by Subject 2020: Chula ranked number one in Thailand in 20 disciplines. * In the QS Asia University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn has been ranked as the top Thai university and 45th in Asia * In the QS World University Rankings, QS World University Rankings 2017/18. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and 245th in the world * In the QS graduate employability rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 151 - 200 in the world * In the Center for World University Ranking or CWUR, Chulalongkorn is ranked as number 1 university in Thailand and 308th in world rankings in 2017, considered by alumni, researches, quality of curriculums and instructors. * In the Round University Ranking 2017. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand and ranked 398th in the world. * In the RUR Research Performance World University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 424 in the world * In the CWTS Leiden Ranking 2016. Chulalongkorn is ranked the first in Thailand and 432nd in the world. * In the THE World University Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is ranked 601–800 in the world. * In the RUR Reputation Rankings 2016. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 182 in the world. * In the SCImago institutions Ranking, which ranks international researches of universities. Chulalongkorn is ranked 475th in World rankings in 2016, up six places from last year. * In the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017. Chulalongkorn is No. 1 university in Thailand and No. 401-500 in the world. * In the Nature Index, the affiliations of high-quality scientific articles. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in Thailand in 2016. * ''US News'' ranked Chulalongkorn 522th in the world. based on the university's reputation, medium, citations, international cooperation, and he quantity of PhD students. *In the ''2018 Times Higher Education Emerging Economies Index'', Chula ranked 126. * QS World University Ranking by Subject 2018 Other Rankings * In the UI Green Metric-City Center, Chulalongkorn was ranked the 1st in national rankings and the 15th in world rankings. considered by Setting and Infrastructure, Energy and Climate Change, Waste, Water, Transportation and Education. * The Webometric ranking indicates quantity and quality of the university's medium, considered by being searched by search engines, online documents, and citations in Google Scholar. Chulalongkorn is ranked the 1st in national rankings 548th in the world.
Research scholarships* The 90th Anniversary of Chulalongkorn University Scholarship * CU.Graduate School Thesis Grant * Overseas Research Experience Scholarship for Graduate Student * Overseas Academic Presentation Scholarship for Graduate Students * Overseas Academic Presentation Scholarship Option II for Graduate Student's and Postdoctoral Fellow's Publication * Domestic Academic Presentation Scholarship for Graduate Student * Postdoctoral Fellowship
Education scholarships* The 100th Anniversary Chulalongkorn University for Doctoral Scholarship * H.M. King Bhumibhol Adulyadej's 72nd Birthday Anniversary Scholarship * Thainess Study Scholarship for Graduate Students * 60/40 Support for Tuition Fee * Teaching Assistant Scholarship * Research Assistant Scholarship * Tuition fees Scholarship for Master to Doctoral * ASEAN Scholarship * Scholarship for International Graduate Students
CampusThe university campus occupies an area of in the downtown Pathum Wan District. It accounts for just over half of the of land owned by the university, the rest of which is commercially developed by the university's Property Management Office, Chulalongkorn University, Property Management Office or used by other institutions.
Chulalongkorn Centenary ParkThe west side of Chula's campus is the site of this innovative park. It has gradually sloping portions. Its 28 Rai (unit), rai expanse contains a water retention pond with a capacity of 3.8 million liters and a rain garden. Both help to ameliorate Bangkok's seasonal flooding. It was built to commemorate Chula's 100th anniversary in 2017.
AccommodationChulalongkorn University International House (CU iHouse) is a 26-storey, 846-unit, on campus residence for international students and lecturers. Rooms come fully furnished with air conditioning, modern conveniences, 24-hour security and safety systems. The residence is included in the university's shuttle bus services.
Honorary degreesThe university has bestowed honorary degrees on heads of state and other international dignitaries, including two U.S. presidents: *Lyndon B. Johnson, October 29, 1966 *Bill Clinton, November 26, 1996 *Nelson Mandela, July 17, 1997
TraditionsChulalongkorn University student traditions include: * Chula–Thammasat Traditional Football Match: The annual association football, football match between Chulalongkorn University and Thammasat University in January at Suphashalasai Stadium. It first started in 1934. * Loy Krathong: an annual celebration of the full moon night, which usually falls on the first full moon day in November. Since the festival is open to the public, it attracts many people, especially Chulalongkorn students and faculty and those who live in downtown Bangkok, to come to the university to float their krathongs on the university's pond. * Chulalongkorn Academic Exhibition: a triennial academic and research exhibition presented by Chulalongkorn University's students and faculty. It is regarded as one of the most important academic fairs in Thailand.
Student activities and clubsThe university is host to 40 student clubs, including the Buddhism and Traditions Club, the Religious Studies Club, the Mind Study Club, and the Thai Classical Music Club. Chulalongkorn also has a Morals Network, which actively campaigns to protect student activities from damaging the university's reputation. The university's Cheer Club annually organizes the Chula-Thammasat traditional football match.
Notable alumni* Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, princess of Thailand * Siriwannawari Nariratana, Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana, princess of Thailand * Thawan Thamrongnawasawat, former Prime Minister of Thailand * Wan Muhamad Noor Matha, former President of the National Assembly of Thailand * Surakiart Sathirathai, former Deputy Prime Minister of Foreign Affairs, Education and Culture and the former Thailand's candidate for United Nations Secretary-General in 2006 * Kittiratt Na-Ranong, Thai politician, former Deputy Prime Minister of and Minister of Finance * Mingkwan Saengsuwan, Thai politician, former Deputy Prime Minister of and Minister of Commerce * Kosit Panpiemras, Thai politician, former Deputy Prime Minister of * Yongyuth Wichaidit, Thai politician, former Deputy Prime Minister of * Sudarat Keyuraphan, Thai politician, former Minister of Public Health * Sutham Sangprathum, Thai politician, former deputy minister of the Ministry of Interior * Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit, Thai politician, leader of the Future Forward Party * Mallica Vajrathon, a sociologist, political scientist and former United Nations Senior Staff member *Chit Phumisak, a Thailand, Thai author, philology, philologist, historian, poet and Communist rebel. His most influential book was ''The Face of Thai Feudalism'' (, ''Chom Na Sakdina Thai''). He also has been described as the "Che Guevara, Che of Thailand" * Binlah Sonkalagiri, a winner of the S.E.A. Write Award * Nidhi Eoseewong, Thai historian, Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize * Panipak Wongpattanakit, Gold medal Women's −49 kg taekwondo at the 2020 Summer Olympics * Tawin Hanprab, Silver medal Man's −58 kg taekwondo at the 2016 Summer Olympics * Chanatip Sonkham, Bronze medal Man's −49 kg taekwondo at the 2012 Summer Olympics * Kitti Thonglongya, Thai ornithologist and mammalogist. He is probably best known for two discoveries of endangered species * Thanpuying Dhasanawalaya Sornsongkram, daughter of Princess Galyani Vadhana * Pinyo Suwankiri, Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (Thai architecture) * Borwornsak Uwanno, a Thai legal expert and a cabinet secretary-general under the Thaksin-government *Suporn Watanyusakul, pioneer in vaginoplasty & facial reconstruction * Pakorn Chatborirak, Thai actor and model. * Nilawan Pintong, Thai feminist, Ramon Magsaysay Award * Chiranan Pitpreecha, Thai writer, winner of the S.E.A. Write Award * Win Lyovarin, a Thai writer, two-time winner of the S.E.A. Write Award * Yong Poovorawan, a noted scientist in the fields of pediatric hepatology, viral hepatitis and virology, and an expert on the H5N1 avian influenza virus * Banjong Pisanthanakun, co-directed and co-written of a box-office hit film such as ''Shutter (2004 film), Shutter'' * Alexander Rendell, Thai actor and model * Tawan Vihokratana, Thai actor and model * Thitipoom Techaapaikhun, Thai actor * Natapohn Tameeruks, Thai actor and model * Urassaya Sperbund, Thai actor and model * Pachara Chirathivat, Thai actor and TV presenter * Suppasit Jongcheveevat, Thai actor and model * Waruntorn Paonil, Thai actress and singer
International reputation* Two medals from Olympic 2016 Rio de Janeiro games ** Tawin Hanprab, Silver medal, Men's −58 kg taekwondo. ** Panipak Wongpattanakit, Bronze medal, Women's −49 kg taekwondo. * Th
Robocup competitionsThe university RoboCup team, Plasma‐Z, got several prizes from the robotics competition as follow. *In 2005, almost reached the quarter-final at Osaka RoboCup. *In 2006, the third place and technical challenge at Bremen RoboCup. *In 2007, second place Atlanta World RoboCup. *In 2008, finally, the team got champion of World RoboCup Small‐Sized Robot League at Suzhou, China. Moreover, another university Robocup team, Plasma-RX has participated in Rescue robot league at World RoboCup 2008, Suzhou, China, and won the first prize and the best-in-class in mobility award.
See also* Academic dress of Chulalongkorn University * Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration of Chulalongkorn University * Education in Thailand * Chula United, Chula United football club