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The former Central Australia Railway, which was built between 1878 and 1929 and closed in 1980, was a 1067 mm narrow gauge railway between
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...
and
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...

Alice Springs
. A
standard gauge A standard-gauge railway is a railway Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transports people or cargo. V ...
line duplicated the southern section from Port Augusta to Maree in 1957 on a new nearby alignment. The entire Central Australia Railway was superseded in 1980 after the standard gauge Tarcoola–Alice Springs Railway was opened, using a new route up to 200 km to the west. A small southern section of the original line between Port Augusta and
Quorn Quorn is a meat substitute A meat analogue is a meat-like substance made from plants. More common terms are plant-based meat, vegan meat, meat substitute, mock meat, meat alternative, imitation meat, or vegetarian meat, or, sometimes more p ...
has been preserved as the Pichi Richi Tourist Railway.


Naming

Whilst officially the ''Central Australia Railway'', it has been known by a number of names. Initially the northern end point had not be determined. Government acts and the press used a number of terms prior to construction including * The Port Augusta Railway * The Northern Railway * The Port Augusta to (far) North Railway After construction, railway was referred to as ''
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Port Augusta
-
Oodnadatta Oodnadatta is a small, remote outback The Outback is a remote, vast, sparsely populated area of Australia. The Outback is more remote than Australian bush, the bush, which includes any location outside the main urban areas. While often env ...

Oodnadatta
railway'' before the line was extended towards
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...

Alice Springs
and it was also referred to as the ''North-South Railway'' in possible anticipation to extend the line to Darwin. It has also often been referred to as the ''Great Northern Railway'' in the 1890s and into the twentieth century. The most southern part of the line between
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Port Augusta
and
Quorn Quorn is a meat substitute A meat analogue is a meat-like substance made from plants. More common terms are plant-based meat, vegan meat, meat substitute, mock meat, meat alternative, imitation meat, or vegetarian meat, or, sometimes more p ...
is now referred to as the Pichi Richi Tourist Railway. Another colloquial name used was ''The Ghan'', after the passenger train that utilised the line. It is suggested that ''The 'Ghan'' name is in recognition of the Afghan Cameleers that plied their trade in the area well before the railway; however, see The Ghan (Etymology) for alternatives. This colloquial term for the railway appears to have been widely in use from at least the early 1930s; it may have been in use prior to this. The new Adelaide-Darwin railway initially used ''The New Ghan'' as a trading name. It has now reverted to ''The Ghan'', relegating the original line name colloquially as ''The Old Ghan''.


History


Proposal

From the proposal for a line heading north of Port Augusta to turning the first sod in 1878 took 18 years and the process was referred to by the press as "which has so far failed to extend itself out of the region of nebulous ideas.". The key issues reported at the time were:


Cost benefits

Significant debate about the cost delayed and eventually altered the final design. The costs were significant for the South Australian colony and there was rigorous debate over that period. Mineral extraction was touted as the key benefit, with farming and passenger traffic being deemed by many as being uneconomic alone although others suggest the key products were 'wool, station stores, and copper' in that order. The cost per kilometre was set in the Acts which precluded more expensive options.


Gauge and minimum speed

There was fierce debate about the gauge of the line, the maximum weight to be carried and maximum speed as all three dictated the cost.


Route and end point

A multitude of routes and end-points were nominated with over a dozen potential routes explored, most of these to the north. End points that were discussed included Government Gums (
Farina, South Australia Farina, formerly Farina Town, is a town and locality in the Australian state of South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers som ...
(320 km), Yudnamutana, South Australia (390 km) and
Beltana Beltana is a town north of Adelaide, South Australia. Beltana is known for continuing to exist long after the reasons for its existence had ceased. The town's history began in the 1870s with the advent of copper extraction, copper mining in the ...
(232 km). The 1867 Act stated that the line would be 200 miles from Port Augusta. Newspapers of the time did mention extending the line to Port Darwin although this was not gazetted in Parliament.


State versus corporate

The State run
South Australian Railways South Australian Railways (SAR) was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Govern ...
wanted to build the line and there were others who thought 'capitalists', predominantly from the United Kingdom, would offer better value for money.
South Australian Railways South Australian Railways (SAR) was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Govern ...
developed a trial called the Northern Extension Railway to Burra to test the engineering capabilities.


Legislation

The following Acts were passed by the parliament of South Australia and, after federation in 1901, the Australian parliament.


Construction

Design, construction, as well as a hiatus, occurred in four periods distinct under both South Australian and Federal Australian Governments over a fifty-year period.


Initial design and route

Around 1871, there was general agreement between Robert C. Patteson, Assistant Engineer (report writer), H. C. Mais, (Engineer-in-Chief) and Surveyor General.
George Goyder George Woodroffe Goyder (24 June 1826 – 2 November 1898) was a Surveyor (surveying), surveyor in the Colony of South Australia during the latter half of the nineteenth century. He rose rapidly in the civil service, becoming Assistant Survey ...
(creator of the Goyder line of rainfall) about the length and route of the railway. All three could not see going further north than
Beltana Beltana is a town north of Adelaide, South Australia. Beltana is known for continuing to exist long after the reasons for its existence had ceased. The town's history began in the 1870s with the advent of copper extraction, copper mining in the ...
(232 km) due to rain fall and environment, The two options out of
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Port Augusta
were the Western Plains and the Pichi Richi routes. The Pichi Richi route, while more expensive, offered access to the farmland to the west. An extensive permanent survey was conducted circa 1876 and the final route mapped to Government Gums due to the water available at the terminus. The length was to be "198 miles 66.92 chains", and the route consisted of "no less than 64 bridges, ranging in length from 20 feet to 740 feet, 470 flood-openings from 10 to 40 feet wide, 550 culverts from 2 feet 6 inches to 10 feet wide, 61 pipe-drains,and 14 water courses".


Initial build to Farina (Government Gums)

The first sod was turned at Port Augusta on 18 January 1878 and took until 1882 to reach Government Gums (320 km), 1884 Maree (372 km), 1888 Coward Springs (501 km) and finally
Oodnadatta Oodnadatta is a small, remote outback The Outback is a remote, vast, sparsely populated area of Australia. The Outback is more remote than Australian bush, the bush, which includes any location outside the main urban areas. While often env ...

Oodnadatta
in 1891 (770 km). Construction was by
South Australian Railways South Australian Railways (SAR) was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Govern ...
as a
narrow gauge railway A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge In rail transport Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle ...

narrow gauge railway
.


Cessation of extending the line

Between 1891 and 1926, the railway line was not extended. Discussion occurred about if the existing line should be extended or commence a standard gauge railway from Tarcoola. The
South Australian Railways South Australian Railways (SAR) was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Govern ...
were transferred to the
Australian Federal Government The Australian Government, also known as the Commonwealth Government, is the national government of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the ...
on 1 January 1911 however
South Australian Railways South Australian Railways (SAR) was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Govern ...
continued running the service until 1 January 1926. In 1926,
Commonwealth Railways The Commonwealth Railways were established in 1917 by the Government of Australia The Australian Government, also known as the Commonwealth Government, is the national government of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealt ...
took over the running and commenced planning for extending the railway line north.


Completion from Oodnadatta to Alice Springs

Extending the line from
Oodnadatta Oodnadatta is a small, remote outback The Outback is a remote, vast, sparsely populated area of Australia. The Outback is more remote than Australian bush, the bush, which includes any location outside the main urban areas. While often env ...

Oodnadatta
to
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...

Alice Springs
commenced around 1926 and was completed on 6 August 1929. The Northern Territory Act (Cth 1910) required the building of a North-South railway although no date was specified. Two unballasted routes were shortlisted with a standard gauge line from Kingoonya to
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...

Alice Springs
estimated at 4.5m pounds and the 1.7m pound narrow gauge extension from Oodnadatta to
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...

Alice Springs
. The 270 miles 65 chain extension was passed after a number of debates in Federal Parliament. Railway workers were paid 5 pounds, 8 shillings a week and a request for this to be raised to 6 pounds per week was refused by Sir John Quick in the Federal Arbitration Court on 11 March 1927. The first train consisted of 12 carriages including Mail and Fruit vans. There were 60 first class and 60 second class passengers and left on 5 August 1929 however an official ceremony to be attended by the Prime Minister was cancelled due to the cost of running a special train.


Operations


Conditions

The tortuously curving narrow-gauge line between Marree and Alice Springs was notoriously prone to delays, often caused by flash floods washing away bridges and tracks. Some track was laid on sand without
ballast Ballast is material that is used to provide stability to a vehicle or structure. Ballast, other than cargo In economics, the word cargo refers in particular to goods or produce being conveyed—generally for Commerce, commercial gain— ...
, and wood sleepers were used, serving as food for
termite Termites are eusocial Eusociality (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its populati ...

termite
s, causing unstable tracks.


Floods

The chosen route for the Central Australian Railway was heavily influenced by the need for water for steam locomotives. Since time immemorial, Aboriginal people had followed a chain of artesian springs and waterholes to sustain them when carrying ochre from the Far North of South Australia to trading places in the south. The explorer
John McDouall Stuart John McDouall Stuart (7 September 18155 June 1866), often referred to as simply "McDouall Stuart", was a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia's inland explorers. Stuart led the first successful expedition to tra ...

John McDouall Stuart
followed a similar route during several expeditions between 1858 and 1862. The route taken by the
Overland Telegraph The Australian Overland Telegraph Line was a telegraph Telegraphy is the long-distance transmission of textual messages where the sender uses a semaphore system, known to the recipient, rather than a physical exchange of an object beari ...
ten years later, to which Stuart is believed to have given attention during his travels, was very similar. When the railway route was surveyed, it was hardly surprising that it followed the reliable sources of water. And as a consequence, the railway was intermittently subject to floods on a grand scale that washed away bridges, embankments and other earthworks. A selection during 50 years is in this table:


World War II

In 1944, it was reported that trains had increased on the line from the normal two a week to 56, whilst the
North Australia Railway The North Australia Railway was a narrow gauge railway in the Northern Territory of Australia which ran from the territory capital of Darwin, Northern Territory, Darwin, once known as Palmerston, to Birdum, Northern Territory, Birdum, just sout ...
had increased from one a week to 147. Rolling stock, sidings, marshaling areas and water points for the steam engines were all key issues in increasing traffic on the line.


Diesel locomotives

The first diesel electric engine commenced service in June 1954. It was one of 14 engines ordered for both the Central and
North Australia Railway The North Australia Railway was a narrow gauge railway in the Northern Territory of Australia which ran from the territory capital of Darwin, Northern Territory, Darwin, once known as Palmerston, to Birdum, Northern Territory, Birdum, just sout ...
. Built by the Birmingham Carriage and Wagon company, had a range of approximately 1134 km, they could travel at 80 km/h and haul 330 imperial tons. The
Trans-Australian Railway The Trans-Australian Railway, opened in 1917, runs from Port Augusta railway station, Port Augusta in South Australia to Kalgoorlie railway station, Kalgoorlie in Western Australia, crossing the Nullarbor Plain in the process. As the only rail ...
and this line were the first two lines to be powered by diesel electric engines only in Australia.


Film

Shortly before the closure of the narrow gauge line in 1980,
BBC Television BBC Television is a service of the BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London. It is the world's oldest national broadcaster, and the larg ...
filmed an episode of the television series ''
Great Railway Journeys of the World ''Great Railway Journeys'', originally titled ''Great Railway Journeys of the World'', is a recurring series of travel documentary, travel documentaries produced by BBC Television. The premise of each programme is that the presenter, typically ...
'' featuring the original route of the Ghan (and the infamously slow speed of the train).


Decline, conversion to standard gauge and closure

After
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, the railway line existence became questionable for a number of reasons: * The railway had a history of extensive flood damage as the original steam engines required access to streams which were prone to floods. * The track was
narrow gauge A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge In rail transport Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle ...
and not ballasted and thus loads and speeds were both reduced, reducing the profitability of the line. *
Goyder's Line . George Goyder George Woodroffe Goyder in 1869 George Woodroffe Goyder (24 June 1826 – 2 November 1898) was a surveyor Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, art, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-di ...
of rainfall (1865), excluding rains in 1865, 1872 and some other years, was shown as being highly accurate with communities and cropping lands north of his line being abandoned after long dry spells. The entire railway is north of this line. * Trucks and roads were becoming more reliable and utilised in South Australia. * The 1910 Northern Territory Acceptance Act mandating a railway line between
Darwin Darwin most often refers to: * Charles Darwin (1809–1882), English naturalist and writer, best known as the originator of the theory of biological evolution by natural selection * Darwin, Northern Territory, a capital city in Australia * Darwin ( ...
and
Adelaide Adelaide ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, province, or other administrative region, usually ...

Adelaide
requiring a standard gauge railway, which would need to be less susceptible to flooding than the existing route designed for diesel-electric engines rather than steam. * Improved railway engineering and construction methods allowed for improved design. * The standard gauge upgrade of the southern section of the line from near
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Port Augusta
to Maree placed pressure on the remaining narrow gauge sections that remained opened due to transfer and maintenance costs.


Standard gauge line to Marree

In 1949, both South Australia and the Federal Government enacted the Railway Standardisation (South Australia) Agreement Act which looked at the upgrade of all lines to standard gauge, including the Central Australia Line. The act was more of an overarching statement rather than a commitment to complete all lines in a set order or time. The Leigh Creek and
Telford Cut Telford Cut was an open-cut coal mine, now closed, in the Leigh Creek Coalfield in South Australia. For the 72 years between its opening in 1943 and its closure, the mine supplied sub-bituminous coal to fire Port Augusta's power stations. Producti ...
Coalfields were first excavated in 1943 following a shortage of coal during
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
and between 1951 and 1954, discussions surrounded two route options to upgrade to standard gauge. Option B2 was upgrading the current line to Telford, the C option was the chosen option which was up to 32 km west of the current line. The South Australian and Federal governments bickered over by-passing the township of
Quorn Quorn is a meat substitute A meat analogue is a meat-like substance made from plants. More common terms are plant-based meat, vegan meat, meat substitute, mock meat, meat alternative, imitation meat, or vegetarian meat, or, sometimes more p ...
and it was only after a Royal Commission, that the
Commonwealth Railways The Commonwealth Railways were established in 1917 by the Government of Australia The Australian Government, also known as the Commonwealth Government, is the national government of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealt ...
got their way with option C avoiding Quorn and the work commenced on the 255 km line. The South Australian Government and agriculturists wanted to extend the standard gauge line a further 88 km to Marree. This would reduce the bruising of the cattle and shorten the time to market as well as increase the number of cattle that could be transferred. Transferring livestock at Telford was considered problematic with coal dust and machinery. The federal minister of transport travelled to the area in mid-1954 and confirmed the extension from Telford Cut to Marree. The cost was set at 1,241,000 pounds, compared to 821,000 pounds to bring the existing line up to an acceptable level including ballasting and possible bridge replacement. The Minister for Transport, Senator
George McLeay George McLeay (6 August 1892 – 14 September 1955) was an Australian politician and senior minister in the Robert Menzies, Menzies Liberal Party of Australia, Liberal government. Early life McLeay was born in Port Clinton, South Australia, Po ...

George McLeay
and the Commonwealth Railways Commissioner, Mr. P. J. Hannaberry, both stated that they were "strongly in favour" to extend the standard gauge line all the way to Alice Springs in 1952. By April 1954, Hannaberry had changed his mind and stated it was "out of the question". In 1957, the
Marree Railway Line The Marree railway line is located in the Australian state of South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid part ...
, the new standard gauge line from
Stirling North Stirling (; sco, Stirlin; gd, Sruighlea ) is a City status in the United Kingdom, city in Central Belt, central Scotland, northeast of Glasgow and north-west of Edinburgh. The market town#Scotland, market town, surrounded by rich farmland, g ...

Stirling North
(near Port Augusta) to Marree (372 km from Port Augusta) opened, replacing the existing line via
Quorn Quorn is a meat substitute A meat analogue is a meat-like substance made from plants. More common terms are plant-based meat, vegan meat, meat substitute, mock meat, meat alternative, imitation meat, or vegetarian meat, or, sometimes more p ...
. This was predominantly for
coal Coal is a combustible , Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_type = Official language , languages = German language, German , ...

coal
to be transferred from the Leigh Creek and
Telford Cut Telford Cut was an open-cut coal mine, now closed, in the Leigh Creek Coalfield in South Australia. For the 72 years between its opening in 1943 and its closure, the mine supplied sub-bituminous coal to fire Port Augusta's power stations. Producti ...
Coalfields to the power stations at Stirling North, South Australia, Stirling North. The line was extended to Marree for cattle to be transported to market from the grazing plains, including around the Birdsville Track.


Closures

With the new standard gauge
Marree Railway Line The Marree railway line is located in the Australian state of South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid part ...
opened, the narrow gauge line began to close in sections: *1957: The section between Brachina (173 km) to
Beltana Beltana is a town north of Adelaide, South Australia. Beltana is known for continuing to exist long after the reasons for its existence had ceased. The town's history began in the 1870s with the advent of copper extraction, copper mining in the ...
(232 km) is closed in March *1957: The section between Leigh Creek (262 km) to Marree (372 km) is closed in July *1958:
Beltana Beltana is a town north of Adelaide, South Australia. Beltana is known for continuing to exist long after the reasons for its existence had ceased. The town's history began in the 1870s with the advent of copper extraction, copper mining in the ...
(232 km) to Leigh Creek (262 km) closed in July. *1972:
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Port Augusta
(0 km) to Hawker, South Australia, Hawker (105 km) closed. **Some sections of the narrow-gauge line remain in operation as the Pichi Richi Railway and the section from Port Augusta to Stirling North was realigned and restored in 2000–2002. *1981: The entire narrow gauge line was closed with the section between Marree (372 km) and Alice Springs (1243 km) abandoned, replaced by Adelaide-Darwin railway, Tarcoola-Alice Springs line standard gauge line. *1987: Standard gauge between Marree and Telford Cut closed. *2016: Stirling North, South Australia, Stirling North-
Telford Cut Telford Cut was an open-cut coal mine, now closed, in the Leigh Creek Coalfield in South Australia. For the 72 years between its opening in 1943 and its closure, the mine supplied sub-bituminous coal to fire Port Augusta's power stations. Producti ...
Standard-gauge railway, standard gauge line mothballed after power station and mine closure.


Heritage trail, restoration and preserved sections

The old railway route is now a Rail trail, heritage trail. In 1974, the newly formed Pichi Richi Railway Preservation Society commenced a restoration program, headquartered at
Quorn Quorn is a meat substitute A meat analogue is a meat-like substance made from plants. More common terms are plant-based meat, vegan meat, meat substitute, mock meat, meat alternative, imitation meat, or vegetarian meat, or, sometimes more p ...
at the picturesque southern end of the railway; Stirling North, South Australia, Stirling North, near
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...

Port Augusta
, was the other terminus. It progressively restored and operated the Pichi Richi Railway as a working museum, upgrading track and undertaking preservation of a wide range of
South Australian Railways South Australian Railways (SAR) was the statutory corporation through which the Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Govern ...
rolling stock and some locomotives, secured against deterioration in the former running sheds. Between 2000 and 2002, the line was extended 12 km (7 mi) to Port Augusta railway station, Port Augusta station, running alongside the standard gauge mainline for about half the distance. In May 2016, traffic ceased on the standard gauge line between Telford Cut coal mine and Port Augusta after the power station at Port Paterson was shut down. The Farina Restoration Project Group, whose members travel to the former town at agreed periods to work voluntarily, is restoring the small, now-deserted railway township of Farina, South Australia, Farina.


List of stations, stopping places and localities


See also

*Adelaide–Darwin rail corridor *Marree railway line *
North Australia Railway The North Australia Railway was a narrow gauge railway in the Northern Territory of Australia which ran from the territory capital of Darwin, Northern Territory, Darwin, once known as Palmerston, to Birdum, Northern Territory, Birdum, just sout ...
*Pichi Richi Railway *The Ghan


Notes


References


Further reading

* * * {{refend


External links


Photo album of images along the lineWeekend Extra film on the last original Ghan
Australian Broadcasting Corporation 1980 Adelaide-Darwin railway corridor Railway lines closed in 1976 Closed railway lines in South Australia Closed railway lines in the Northern Territory 3 ft 6 in gauge railways in Australia