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Causeway Bay is a district of
Hong Kong Island Hong Kong Island is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll ( ...

Hong Kong Island
,
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pe ...

Hong Kong
. It belongs to
Wan Chai District Wan Chai District is one of the districts of Hong Kong, 18 districts of Hong Kong. Of the four on Hong Kong Island, it is north-central, and had 152,608 residents in 2011, a fall from 167,146 residents in 2001. The district has the second-high ...
. When referring to the district, the Cantonese name is never romanised as "Tung Lo Wan". It is a major shopping, leisure and cultural centre in Hong Kong, with a number of major shopping malls. The rents in the shopping areas of Causeway Bay were ranked as the world's most expensive for the second year in a row, after overtaking New York City's
Fifth Avenue Fifth Avenue is a major thoroughfare A thoroughfare is a primary passage or way as a transit route through regularly trafficked areas whether by road A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two Location (geography), places ...

Fifth Avenue
in 2012.


Location

Causeway Bay is located at the eastern end of Wanchai District, bordering Eastern District. Causeway Bay includes Tsing Fung Street, Causeway Bay Market, the Victoria Park, the
Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club The Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club is a Hong Kong sports club for sailing and Sport rowing, rowing. History In 1849 the ''Victoria Regatta Club'' was formed and later absorbed into the ''Hong Kong Boating Clu''b which, in 1889, was in turn me ...
,
Oil Street Oil Street () is a street in North Point on Hong Kong Island near Fortress Hill station. Buildings along the street include the Newton Hotel (closed on 25 August 2015), AIA Tower, the former headquarters and clubhouse of the Royal Hong Kong Yac ...

Oil Street
, Jardine's Noonday Gun, the Police Officers Club, Queen's College and the
Hong Kong Central Library Hong Kong Central Library is the largest library in Hong Kong, flagship library of Hong Kong Public Libraries (HKPL) and used as Hong Kong Public Library headquarters, functioning as the territory's National Library. It is located at the inter ...

Hong Kong Central Library
. Traditionally, Causeway Bay refers to the area near today's Tin Hau Station, but Causeway Bay now comprises of the area south of
Victoria Harbour Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbor, harbour in Hong Kong separating Hong Kong Island in the south from the Kowloon Peninsula to the north. The harbour's deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were inst ...

Victoria Harbour
, with
Oil Street Oil Street () is a street in North Point on Hong Kong Island near Fortress Hill station. Buildings along the street include the Newton Hotel (closed on 25 August 2015), AIA Tower, the former headquarters and clubhouse of the Royal Hong Kong Yac ...

Oil Street
as the eastern boundary, Tung Lo Wan Road and
Leighton Road Leighton Road () is a main road in Causeway Bay Causeway Bay is a district of Hong Kong Island, and covering parts of Wan Chai District. The Cantonese name is also romanised as Tung Lo Wan as in Tung Lo Wan Road. The rents in the shopping are ...
as the southern border, and
Canal Road Flyover Image:Canal Road Flyover Villain hitting 2018.jpg, Villain hitting, Villain hitter and her client under the Canal Road Flyover in Hong Kong. Canal Road East (), Canal Road West () and the Canal Road Flyover () are important roads in the Wan Chai D ...
as the western boundary. However, Causeway Bay is often considered as solely including the area surrounding
Causeway Bay Station A causeway is a track, road or railway on the upper point of an embankment (earthworks), embankment across "a low, or wet place, or piece of water". It can be constructed of earth, masonry, wood, or concrete. One of the earliest known wooden c ...
, the area traditionally known as
East PointEast Point is the name of several places: In Australia * East Point, Northern Territory ** East Point Military museum located in East Point, Northern Territory In Canada *East Point, Prince Edward Island In Hong Kong: *East Point, Hong Kong In th ...
. Since 1982, two electoral constituencies of Causeway Bay (Causeway Bay North and Causeway Bay South) had been grouped into the Eastern District of district board elections, whilst Causeway Bay Central was grouped with the Wan Chai District to the west. However, local government decisions—other than electoral demarcations—still affect the region as a whole. Since 1994, Hong Kong district board elections have further been subdivided into smaller constituencies. The northern sector consists of the area around Victoria Park, the middle sector coincides with the central business district, and the southern sector forms the area around
Tin Hau Mazu is a Chinese folk religion, Chinese sea goddess also known by #Names, several other names and titles. She is the apotheosis, deified form of the purported historical Lin Mo or Lin Moniang, a Fujianese shamaness whose life span is traditi ...
. To cope with population change, the constituency boundary between Wan Chai District and Eastern District was changed in the new year's day of 2016 (effective on voting in
2019 Hong Kong local elections The 2019 Hong Kong District Council elections were held on 24 November 2019 for all 18 District Councils of Hong Kong. 452 seats from all directly elected constituencies, out of the 479 seats in total, were contested. Nearly three million peopl ...
). As a result, the Victoria Park and Tin Hau constituencies became a part of Wan Chai District starting from that day. As a consequence, the whole of Causeway Bay is now part of Wan Chai District.https://www.eac.hk/pdf/distco/2019dc/final/dc2019b.pdf But the easternmost parts of the area, such as Oil Street, and the western side of Tin Hau Temple Road, remain in the Eastern District. Town planning is managed by the Causeway Bay Outline Zoning Plan,https://www.ozp.tpb.gov.hk/gos/default.aspx?planno=S%2fH6%2f17&lang=0 which is not related to the electoral boundaries as drawn by the
Electoral Affairs Commission The Electoral Affairs Commission (EAC) is the body, established under the Electoral Affairs Commission Ordinance., that oversees electoral matters in Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region ...
. The OZP also manages the other neighbourhoods of
Tai Hang File:Shanty housing in Hong Kong.jpeg, Tai Hang in the 1980s Tai Hang () is an area southeast of Causeway Bay located in the mid-north of Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. The area was originally a slum, until its redevelopment after the 1990s. Ge ...

Tai Hang
and So Kon Po. The OZP, however, does not manage Victoria Park, which was reclaimed from the Causeway Bay/Tung Lo Wan body of water, nor
Tin Hau Mazu is a Chinese folk religion, Chinese sea goddess also known by #Names, several other names and titles. She is the apotheosis, deified form of the purported historical Lin Mo or Lin Moniang, a Fujianese shamaness whose life span is traditi ...
, which is historically part of Tung Lo Wan. Tung Lo Wan is the Chinese name that collectively refers to the waters and lands around the bay. Causeway Bay Market and Causeway Bay Fire Station are in fact located in Tin Hau, and are outside the jurisdiction of the OZP, but in terms of the electoral constituency, the market, the fire station, and Victoria Park are located within the Victoria Park constituency. Added to this confusion, Wan Chai Fire Station is located in the Canal Road constituency but some non-government sources consider it as part of the Causeway Bay area. The Wan Chai Fire Station is not part of Causeway Bay OZP.


History

The and the
Tin Hau Temple Tin Hau temples in Hong Kong are dedicated to Mazu (goddess), Tin Hau (Mazu (goddess), Mazu). Over 100 temples are dedicated (at least partially) to Tin Hau in Hong Kong. A list of these temples can be found below. Famous temples Famous Tin Hau ...
reveal that the area was once a fishing village. Before urban development and massive
land reclamation Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as land fill (not to be confused with a waste landfill), is the process of creating new Terrestrial ecoregion, land from oceans, list of seas, seas, Stream bed, riverbeds or lake be ...
, Causeway Bay was a heavily silted bay. Its former shape can be found on maps by tracing Tung Lo Wan Road, which goes along the former bay. In the early stage of development, a
causeway A causeway is a track, road or railway on the upper point of an embankment (earthworks), embankment across "a low, or wet place, or piece of water". It can be constructed of earth, masonry, wood, or concrete. One of the earliest known wooden c ...

causeway
was built, which is the present-day Causeway Road. In the 1950s, the coastline was further pushed forward when the remains of the bay were reclaimed for the Victoria Park, when the statue of
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union of the Kingdom of England The Kingdom of En ...

Queen Victoria
was brought back from Japan. The statue had been taken away during the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
from
Statue Square Statue Square (; lit. "Empress' Statue Square") is a public pedestrian Town square, square in Central, Hong Kong, Central, Hong Kong. Built entirely on Land reclamation in Hong Kong, reclaimed land at the end of the 19th century, Statue S ...

Statue Square
at Chater Road,
Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to: Directions and generalised locations * Central Africa, a region in the centre of Africa ...

Central
.
Kellett Island Image:Kellett Island 1948.jpg, View of Kellett Island, with Royal Hong Kong Club Building and Pier, in 1948. Kellett Island is a former island of Victoria Harbour, off East Point, Hong Kong, East Point in Hong Kong. It is now connected to Ho ...
off the coast of Causeway Bay has disappeared and connected as a result of the land reclamation. Causeway Bay's history as a shopping district dates back to 1960, when
Daimaru is a Japanese department store chain, principally located in the Kansai region The or the , lies in the southern-central region of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep ...

Daimaru
, a Japanese style department store opened in Great George Street. By the 1970s, Causeway Bay has developed into Hong Kong's main shopping district. A number of other Japanese style department stores, including
Matsuzakaya ( TYO: 8235, delisted) is a major Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_co ...

Matsuzakaya
,
Mitsukoshi is an international department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (econo ...

Mitsukoshi
and
Sogo is a department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production ...
, opened in the 1970s and 1980s, giving Causeway Bay the nickname of "little
Ginza Ginza ( ; ja, 銀座 ) is a district of Chūō, Tokyo, Chūō, Tokyo, located south of Yaesu and Kyōbashi, Tokyo, Kyōbashi, west of Tsukiji, east of Yūrakuchō and Uchisaiwaichō, and north of Shinbashi. It is a popular upscale shopping area ...

Ginza
". In the 1990s, several major shopping malls were constructed, strengthening Causeway Bay's status as one of the major shopping districts in Hong Kong. The original Causeway Bay proper is actually the area now known as Tin Hau, near the present-day Tin Hau MTR station and the Causeway Bay Tin Hau Temple, whereas the Causeway Bay MTR station is at the area historically called
East PointEast Point is the name of several places: In Australia * East Point, Northern Territory ** East Point Military museum located in East Point, Northern Territory In Canada *East Point, Prince Edward Island In Hong Kong: *East Point, Hong Kong In th ...
. The present-day usage of the name Causeway Bay is usually confused with
East PointEast Point is the name of several places: In Australia * East Point, Northern Territory ** East Point Military museum located in East Point, Northern Territory In Canada *East Point, Prince Edward Island In Hong Kong: *East Point, Hong Kong In th ...
, an area named after a spit on the coastline, eastern end of formerly . The names of Yee Wo Street, Jardine's Bazaar, and Jardine's Crescent reveal that the land in this area was sold by the British colonial government to Jardines in the early 19th century. Another area often mistaken as Causeway Bay is Bowrington area or in Chinese ''Ngo Keng'' () (now part of Canal Road electoral constituency), literally "goose's neck", where is known for villain hitting activity, a voodoo-like tradition of Hong Kong.


Features

Causeway Bay or East Point is one of Hong Kong's major shopping districts. It includes the 13-storey Japanese-style department store
Sogo is a department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production ...
, as well as shopping centres such as
Times Square Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center, and in the section of , at the junction of and . Brightly lit by numerous billboards and advertisements, it stretches from West to West Streets, an ...
and . There are also smaller malls such as World Trade Centre, Windsor House, Hang Lung Centre, Fashion Island, Fashion Walk, Lee Garden One and Lee Garden Two. Causeway Bay is one of the most crowded and central areas in Hong Kong. The area contains many trendy shops carrying both locally made and imported fashion and products from around the world. As such, it is a popular social spot for young people. Many shops are open until after midnight. Notable hotels in Causeway Bay include Park Lane Hotel and Regal Hong Kong Hotel. Several boutique hotels have opened recently, including Mira Moon Hotel on Jaffe Road. For years,
Jardine Matheson Jardine Matheson Holdings Limited (also known as Jardines) is a Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) (), is a metropolitan area and Special administr ...
has fired a cannon shot at noon every day in Causeway Bay, by
Victoria Harbour Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbor, harbour in Hong Kong separating Hong Kong Island in the south from the Kowloon Peninsula to the north. The harbour's deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were inst ...

Victoria Harbour
, slightly eastward of the former Kellett Island. The gunshots have served as time signals for many generations of old inhabitants of Hong Kong. This tradition still continues today. This is the "Noonday Gun" mentioned in the
Noël Coward Sir Noël Peirce Coward (16 December 189926 March 1973) was an English playwright, composer, director, actor and singer, known for his wit, flamboyance, and what ''Time (magazine), Time'' magazine called "a sense of personal style, a combinat ...
song " Mad Dogs and Englishmen". Although the names of certain landmarks in the western part of Causeway Bay start with "Wan Chai" (e.g. Wan Chai Fire Station), the landmarks are across the local customary limit of Wan Chai on Canal Road.


Places in Causeway Bay


Leisure and cultural

*
Hong Kong Central Library Hong Kong Central Library is the largest library in Hong Kong, flagship library of Hong Kong Public Libraries (HKPL) and used as Hong Kong Public Library headquarters, functioning as the territory's National Library. It is located at the inter ...

Hong Kong Central Library
*
Noonday Gun The ''Noonday'' ''Gun'' () is a former naval artillery piece mounted on a small enclosed site near the Causeway Bay Typhoon Shelter on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. Owned and operated by Jardine Matheson, the gun is fired every day at noon an ...
* Royal Hong Kong Yacht Club * Victoria Park * South China Athletic Association clubhouse


Shopping

*
Sogo is a department store A department store is a retail Retail is the sale of goods In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production ...
*
Times Square Times Square is a major commercial intersection, tourist destination, entertainment center, and in the section of , at the junction of and . Brightly lit by numerous billboards and advertisements, it stretches from West to West Streets, an ...
* World Trade Centre * * Windsor House * Lee Gardens * Fashion Walk *


Transport


Main roads

*
King's Road King's Road or Kings Road (or sometimes the King's Road, especially when it was the king's private road until 1830, or as a colloquialism by middle/upper class London residents), is a major street stretching through Chelsea Chelsea or Chelse ...
*
Causeway Road Causeway Road () is a main road in Hong Kong. Situated in Causeway Bay, it joins Yee Wo Street in the west and King's Road (Hong Kong), King's Road. It is a boundary of Eastern District, Hong Kong, Eastern District and Wan Chai District. North sid ...

Causeway Road
* * Canal Road *
Hennessy Road Image:Hennessy Road wanchai.jpg, Hennessy Road in Wan Chai Hennessy Road () is a thoroughfare on Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It connects Yee Wo Street on the east in Causeway Bay, and Queensway (Hong Kong), Queensway on the western end in Wan Ch ...
*
Yee Wo Street 250px, Yee Wo Street during 2014 Hong Kong protests Yee Wo Street () is a street in East Point, Hong Kong, East Point and Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. Its junction with Hennessy Road is one of the busiest junctions in Hong Kong. ...
*
Paterson Street Paterson Street () is a street in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It starts north at Victoria Park Road, crosses Kingston Street and Great George Street, Hong Kong, Great George Street and ends at Yee Wo Street to the south. The street ...
*
Great George Street Great George Street is a street in Westminster, London, leading from Parliament Square to Birdcage Walk. The area of the current street was occupied by a number of small roads and yards housing inns and tenements. In the 1750s these were demolis ...
* *
Aberdeen Tunnel Aberdeen Tunnel, part of Route 1 (Hong Kong), Route 1, is a two-tube tunnel linking Happy Valley, Hong Kong, Happy Valley and Wong Chuk Hang near Aberdeen, Hong Kong, Aberdeen on the Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong. It shortens the travel time be ...


Public transport

For the
MTR The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is a major public transport network serving :Hong Kong. Operated by the MTR Corporation Limited (MTRCL), it consists of heavy rail, light rail, and feeder bus service centred on a 10-line rapid transit network s ...

MTR
, it is connected by the Island line: Tin Hau and Causeway Bay stations. Both
Tram A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track Tramway track is used on tramways or light rail operations. Groove (engineering), Grooved rails (or Rail profile#Grooved rail, girder ...
and bus services serve Causeway Bay, connecting it to most other major parts of Hong Kong. Causeway Bay is located at the entrance of Cross Harbour Tunnel and Aberdeen Tunnel, providing convenient access to Kowloon and Southern District.


See also

*
List of buildings, sites and areas in Hong Kong A ''list'' is any enumeration of a set of items. List or lists may also refer to: People * List (surname) Organizations * List College, an undergraduate division of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America * SC Germania List, German rugby ...


Notes


References


External links

{{Authority control Wan Chai District Shopping districts and streets in Hong Kong